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The Chatham Republican. (Chatham, Columbia County, N.Y.) 1886-1918, June 19, 1895, Image 1

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V V'- ; . V ;■ \ VOLUME IX. CHATHAM, COLUMBIA COUNTY, N. Y., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 19, 1895, NUMBER 38. / ' • ' ff ' ' Business Cards. ji C. E. BARKETT Attorney and Counselor, East Chatham, 'N.Y. CASHMAN ’ S HOTEL. New Lebanon, N. Y. S1.00 per day. F. I. PARK General Insurance Agent, Masonic Bull Ing Park Row. R. E. SHUPHELT Florist. Fair View Green House. Centre street, Chatham, N. Y. WM. C. DALEY Attorney and Counselor at Law. Office in Morris Block, Main street. DANIEL E. MILLER Attorney and Counselor at Law, and Sur ­ veyor. New Lebanon, N. Y. O. M. WHYLAND & SON House and Sign Painting, Graining, Fancy Paper Hanging and Church Decorating. B. BALDWIN Contractor and Builder in Stone Work, Ma ­ sonry, Brick Work and Plastering. Jobbing promptly attended to. GEO. C. LEIGH Fashionable Hairdresser. Ladies ’ and Child ­ ren ’ s work a specialty. Room s. Masonic Building, Chatham, N. Y. J. E. AMBLER, M. D. Office Jones Block. Office Hours: 8.00 to 9.00 a. m.; 1.00 to 2.00 and 6.00 to 8.00 p. m. Resi ­ dence 7 Kinderhook street. DR. A. M. CALKINS Surgeon Dentist. Office next door to Hawley ’ s hardware store. Main street, Chatham. All work guaranteed as represented. DR. W. E. BROWN Veterinary Surgeon. At Chatham, Tuesdays and Saturdays; Office, opposite Chatham House. Other days each week at Old Chatham. DR. W. B. PARK New York Dentist, Masonic Building, Chat ­ ham,'N. Y. Saturdays and Mondays, July 1st to Oct. 1st. Fine Gold Work. Gas for Extracting. Examinations and Estimates Free. DR. H. B. AMBLER. Veterinary Surgeon. (Late Veterinary In ­ spector of U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry.) Office Bristol Building, Central Square, Chat ­ ham, N. Y. Office Hours: 8.00 to 9.00 a. m.; 1.00 to 2.00 p. m.: Sundays excepted. Village Directory, POSTOFFICE. MAILS CLOSE. MAILS ARRIVE. New York, 7.50 and 11.30 a. m„ 4.30 and 6.40 p.m. East, 7.40 a. m., 5.15 p. m., and 8.25 p. m. Hudson, 7.55 and 11.30 а. m., 5.30 p. m., and б. 40 p. m. West, 11.20 a. m„ and 6.40 p. m. , North, 7.50 a. m., and 1.20 p. m. Spencertown, Auster- litz and Green River, 1.^0 p. m. Red Rock, every week day at 1.30 p. m. Mails from East, West and South, close on Sun ­ days at 6.50 p. m. „ „ JAMES ELLIOTT, P. M, From New York, 8.03, 10.35 and 10.45 a. m., and 7.15 p. m. West, 7.00 and 8.03 a. m., and 6.00 p. m. Hudson, 7.15 a. m., and 1.30 and 6.00 p. m. East, 11.45 a, m., 7.25 p. m. North, 1.30 and 8.45 p. m. Spencertown, Aus- terlitz and Green River, 11.00 a. m. Red Rock, every week day at 11.15 a. m. THE CHURCHES. S t . P atrick ’ s . — Rev. James L. Walsh, Rector. High Mass at 10:30 a . m . every Sunday of each month. Vespers and benediction 7:00 p . m . Sunday school at 3 p . m . M ethodist E piscopal . — Rev. G. W. Miiler, Pastor. Sabbath services 10:30 a . m , and 7:30 p. m . Sabbath school at 12 m . Church prayer meeting Thursday evening. R eformed . — Rev. Theodore S. Brown, Pastor. Sabbath services at 10:30 A. M. and 7:30 p . m . Sabbath school at 12 m . Prayer meeting Thursday evening, 8:00. Young people ’ s meeting Sunday evening, 6:30. E manuel E vangelical L utheran . — Rev. J. W. Lake, Pastor. Sabbath services : Preach ­ ing at 10:30 a . M. and 7:45 p . m .; Sunday school 12 to 1 p. m . Church prayer meeting on Thursday evening. Seats free ; all wel- eome. Christian Endeavor society meets Sundays at 7.00 p. m. S t . L uke ’ s C hurch . — Rev. H. R: Luney, Rec ­ tor. Sunday services at 10:30 A. M. and 7:45 p. M. on the first Sunday in the month morning prayer at 9:30 a . m . Holy Commu ­ nion and sermon 10:30 a . m . Seats free. Al- - are welcome. A frican M ethodist E piscopal C hurch . Rev. C. N. Gibbons, Pastor. Sabbath ser ­ vices 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. Sabbath school at 2.30 p. m. Church prayer meeting Thursday evening. VILLAGE TRUSTEES. Trustees of village meet on first Tuesday evening of each month. FIRE COMPANIES. Ocean Engine and Hose Company No. 1 meet the first Monday evening of each month. THE LODGES. A merican S tar L odge N o . 135, meets every Saturday evening, at 8.30 o ’ clock, at Morris ’ Hall. C hatham L odge N o . 211, 1. O. G. T. Regular meeting every Tuesday, 7:15 P. M. F riendship L odge N o . 95. Knights of Pythias, every Wednesday evening at 8 o ’ clock. C olumbia L odge N o . 98, F. & A. M. Stated communications on the first and third Fri ­ days of each month, at 7 o ’ clock p / m . G en . L ogan P ost N o . 539, G. A. R., meets second and fourth Tuesday evenings of each month, at G. A. R. Hall. Masonic Block. Garden Seeds to Burn. If we don ’ t sell them, we will burn them up ; but we expect to sell them, because this plan insures fresh Seeds, and you do not want old Seeds. We have a fresh stock, in bulk and packages, from the oldest Seed House in the United States. k 49 Main St., - CHATHAM. Wm. Rogowski & Co., Ladies ’ Bazaar. Store Closed at 6 P. M., Wednesdays. TO GRADUATES. We show an elegant line of White Swivel Silk, Fancy Weaves and Plain, of all kinds. Swiss Moussaline, Dotted Swiss, White Dimity, and other new fabrics, suitable foi' Graduating Dresses. Graduating Souvenirs in Sterling Silver and Gold; Elegant Fans and many other appi'opriate gifts, all of which we have marked at a special law price for this occasion. Have you seen our DUCK SUITS 9 One case just received. They fit right well, too, are stylish, and all that you could wish, even in price. Just the same with our SKIRT WAISTS AND ALL- WOOL SUITS. To see them you will be convinced. FANS, FANS. We cannot descnbe them, but simply say they are beautiful, and prices very rea ­ sonable. WOOL CKALLIES. Nice line at 20 and 33 cents; regular 50-cent kind. TRUNKS, TRUNKS. A new departure, and it will be only temporany with us, as the prices we have marked them at will keep them on the move. Traveling Bags, Telescopes, Trunk Straps. HAMMOCKS In great variety. Wm. Rogowski & Co., Ladies ’ Bazaar. Main Street, Chatham N. Y Ladies ’ Spring Heel Shoes In Black and Rus ­ set, Button and Lace, Square and Opera Toes, three grades: $1.50 $i-75 $2.60 David L. Starks, Chatham, N. Y. FAREWELL TO SCHOOL. COMMENCEMENT. DAY IN CHATHAM. The Class of ’ 95 -Ten Graduates Step Into Life ’ s Journey — Impressive Exercises Last Night — The Essays and Orations of the Graduates. Yesterday was commencement day at the Chatham Union school. The gradu ­ ating exercises were held in the evening at the Reformed church, which was filled to overflowing by the audience that gathered to witness them. The pulpit platform of the church was handsomely decorated with daisies, ferns, palms, etc., behind which wure seated Mr. John C. Dardess, representing the Board of Education, Principal F. H. Wdod of the Union school, and the Phoenix club, whose finely rendered musi ­ cal selections interspersed the evening ’ s program. The graduating class occupied the side seats at the left of the platform, the alumni of the school being seated in the corresponding pews at the right of the pulpit. The class of ’ 95 were a happy looking group of young people compris­ ing six young ladies and four members of the sterner sex, their faces beaming with intelligence and their eyes fairly aglow with the happiness brought to them by this red-letter event in their lives. Their essays and orations evidenced care ­ ful thought and thorough analysis of the subjects taken. All of them were ad ­ mirably rendered, and were received with generous applause and liberal floral offer ­ ings from admiring friends. The delivery of the valedictory address was followed by music, after which Mr. Dardess presented the well-earned di ­ plomas. In doing so he spoke as follows : Members of the Class of ’ 95 : — On be ­ half of the Board of Education, I extend to you congratulation that you have com ­ pleted the course of study prescribed for graduation from the Chatham Union school. Long and faithfully have you labored to that end. To-night triumph greets you with her smiles, success re ­ wards you with her favors and friends as ­ semble here to do you honor. As evidence of the work which you have done and for testimony of the scholar ­ ship which you have thereby attained, the Board of Education confers upon you these diplomas. I take pleasure in pre ­ senting them to you. Your graduation from school marks an important stage in your journey of life. Far behind you, already, seems the past, soft and sweet and charming as a dream, when you as little boys and girls, heed ­ less, happy, full of fun, knowing nought of care or woe, laughed and played the hours away. Far behind you, too. too soon shall seem the days at school just ended — those days, so short at first, and then long, monotonous and dull, until ambition seized upon you, when they be ­ came of absorbing interest, full of lively hopes and fears and joy — your school days, already past and gone, upon which, in years to come, fond memory will love to dwell in pleasant recollection. Now is the commencement of your manhood and womanhood — the beginning of practical life for you, with its new ex ­ periences, its larger responsibilities, its greater responsibilities, its greater op ­ portunities and its wider sphere of action. Before you lies the world, with its many phases and contrasts — with all its good and evil, with all its brightness and its beauty, with all its gloom and sorrow, with its prizes and successes, with its disappointments and failures, with its lofty aims and noble objects, its mean ambitions and low degrees. Cheerfully hold on your way through it, hope in your heart, purpose in your brain, your eye on highest loadstars, exemplifying what is best and noblest in you, fulfilling the promise you have given. May godspeed attend you. The exercises _ were brought to a con ­ clusion by some well chosen words of parting counsel and encouragement by Principal F. H. Wood, after which the many friends of\ the graduates clustered about them, extending congratulations. Below we print the essays and orations of the graduates in full. -SALUTATORY. Ladies and Gentlemen, Alumni, Mem ­ bers of the Board of Education, Teachers and Friends; In behalf of the Class of ’ 95, I extend to you all a cordial welcome to our exercises. You are all aware of the fact that commencement time has come again, and that another class is to make its exit from the Chatham High School to enter upon the duties of life. As is the usual custom, we are assembled here to celebrate the event with appropriate exercises that it may never be forgotten. Words are better monuments of resemb ­ lance than columns of granite or marble. We do not believe that you have come here to-night out of mere curiosity, and it is a great encouragement to feel that there is such an interest in our welfare. This is a small class, but we are glad that success does not always depend upon numbers. With sadness, we turn to the thought that God has removed from this class one of our members whose noble character and genuine worth we admired, and whose loss we deeply deplore. From an ­ other member He has taken a kind father. To that member, we extend our heartfelt sympathies. That we have finished a course of study at the Chatham school does not imply that our days of study and learn ­ ing are over, for we intend never to stop learning until life shall cease. But why do we fortify ourselves for life ’ s work by going to school? We cannot re ­ member all that we learn _ for memory , is faulty, but we can get the ability to dp. If we trust to memory, we shall fail; hut if we trust to reason and self activity, we shall succeed. We have, found that earnest and persistent work is what counts in school, and we believe that it is a necessity to the success of any enter ­ prise. What we have learned in this grand school under the influence of our kind teachers cannot be estimated. It is a problem to he worked out in our lives, and the solution thereof will demonstrate the failure or success of the Class of ’ 95. What our stations in life may he, we cannot tell; but may we ever strive to go step by step, helping better up to best; helping not only ourselves, but those around us so that the world may truly say, the Class of ’ 95 has labored not in vain. And may the Chatham Academy and Union School prepare for higher education and for life many classes whose members shall be lights in the world. We wish now to express our thanks to all that are here assembled. With joy we greet you, and may our greeting be as heartily accepted as it is rendered. And may God send his blessing upon our school, our teachers, and the Class of ’ 95. F ri S. B eebe . LOOKING FORWARD. PROGRESS IN EDUCATION. lesterday, we were small lads and lassies coming daily to receive instruction and aid in overcoming the difficulties at the foot of the mount of knowledge and in placing the first rounds of the ladder by which we are to ascend. At first, we met with many disappointments, but, as years rolled on and we grew older, we began to make more rapid progress. To-day, we are assembled as the Class of ’ 95, young men and women, standing upon the threshold of life ’ s work. What now is our aim ? Unconsciously, we might go on, placing rounds in our ladder without careful thought and with little effort, but how much better if we have some aim and then preserve in accom ­ plishing it ! How, in the great Revolution would our forefathers have won their freedom had they not have had an objective point and perseverance to aid in attaining it ? Would the Duke of Wellington have conquered the great Napoleon had he not aimed to do so ? He might, but great results are seldom attained by chance. In one sense our life is a warfare; it is a succession of campaigns. And each must have an objective point — a clearly defined purpose — and work up to it with under- viating persistency. This is the only way in which we can succeed. Many of us may make good resolutions, but, alas ! not so . many may carry them out. We are apt to postpone the fulfillment of golden dreams that have come to us until some sad morning we may wake to find that the best years have been squandered away. The ideals that we iold, the purposes that we cherrish, are but steps in the [ ladder of life. It is a far smaller matter to stand upon any particular one of them than it is to know that we are steadily ad ­ vancing upward. It is when we choose the part of laggards, when we cease to press forward, when we do not long for more knowledge or seek for more truth, that we are untrue to our ideals. Are we going to shuffle through the life that stretches out before us in an easy sort of a way, of are we going to take hold of the days with all our might and get all out of them we can ? Now is the time to consider the matter. Delay is dangerous. If we have a purpose, let us make that purpose the one aim of our lives, letting no object turn us from it, but working on unceasingly, pressing forward toward the mark, through sunshine or shadow, earnestly and steadfastly, and although we may “ Onward is the cry of civilization. ” How truly this has been illustrated in the past century. Perhaps nowhere is this progress more noticeable than in the educa ­ tion of the masses. There are no doubt many who can remember when the best educational advantages to be afforded in this vicinity were given in a little log school-house with slab benches presided over by a schoolmaster after the type of Ichabod Crane. To the motley array of juveniles were taught the elements of reading, spelling and arithmetic. These schools were kept some twenty weeks, some longer, according to the number of pupils. Then two or three pupils consti ­ tuted a class. Contrast with this the ordinary high school of today with its several depart ­ ments, each presided over by an excellent corps of teachers. To support these schools requires an annual expenditure of $163,000,000. But this amount is worthily expended. A good education makes a citizen a good citizen, makes a good government. The important end to he obtained in school life is not knowledge but ability to obtain knowledge, not history but ability to make history, not to get the thoughts of others but to be able to think and rea ­ son for one ’ s self. The railroad and telegraph are also im ­ portant factors in the progress of educa ­ tion. By their aid the residents of the country are brought near the city and can enjoy the better educational advantages of the city. One hundred years ago one out of every thirty of the population resided in the city. Today one out of every three resides in the city. Today there are enlisted in the public schools of our nation 15,500,000 pupils between the ages of five and eighteen. But one ’ s education does not end with the school or college. The daily newspaper is a great source of education and one continually encounters something in daily life that helps with his education and development. The school teaches self-restraint and subjecting to discipline and restraint in early life. It is well- known that the majority of criminals have but little education, thus by educating the low classes we given them a knowledge of better things and tend to decrease their mania for crime. Those who are not restrained by the discipline of school will not be restrained by the laws of a government and will inevitably tend to lawlessness and crime. Thus it will be seen that the annual ex ­ penditure of $163,000,000 per year, not only is a direct saving to the government but tends to increase knowledge, cultivate taste, inspire self government, promote integrity, develop 5 skill and lead to up ­ right manly citizenship. W alter S. C randell . THE GREEKS ’ MYTHICAL ASTRONOMY. never be able fully to realize our ideal. To-morrow may show that we have been climbing the ladder, “ step by step, help ­ ing Better up to Best. ” M ary A. N ew . THE ART OF SEEING. Some may say, “ There are but few per ­ sons who cannot see, and they are blind. Isn ’ t an art something which is acquired by practice, and almost every one is born with sight. How then can seeing be an art? Many people go through life with their eyes wide open, but they see not the beauties nor the opportunities around them and yet they are not blind, but they use only the sense, not the art of seeing. The art is something more than seeing merely the outside; it is the deeper, fuller comprehension of the hidden qualities of the picture, the business, or the person ’ s character. We often hear it said of a student, “ I wonder how he learns so quickly. ” This is the secret; he has the art of seeing so closely, accurately and attentively, that he understands in one reading, that which his brother who has not this art is obliged to read and re-read many times before comprehending. In a practical business life this art is of great use; there the successful man is al ­ ways a good seer. If he were not, he would not risk his money in some of these apparently ruin-bringing ventures which in the end bring gain. ' A young person in a business life is sure to rise, if he possesses this art, for an employer wants those employees who are always on the look-out to advance his business in ­ terests. In the great field of art, the important essential of true artistic creating is that the aspiring artist shall be an exact observer. He must see the mental pic ­ ture clearly and accurately before he can reproduce or create. If he possesses this art of seeing, the harmonious com ­ bination of colors will follow naturally. If we take this art into society, we find it also aids us there. To make and keep friends we must use tact; but what is tact? Le Conte says, “ Sight is refined tact. ” It is the delicate perception of the feelings of others obtained by true sight. Thoughtfulness and sympathy are but expressions of this art. By its use we may readily know the characters of those we meet, for the inner life of a person usually leaves its imprint on his face. Diplomacy demands the use of this art in the decision of disputes between nations. Instead of by war and bloodshed, questions are now decided by committees of arbitration who meeting each other face to face, discuss the issue. The arbitrator possessing the greater insight into the motives and controlling in ­ fluences of his opponents, is enabled to secure the advantage for his country. Quickness and keenness of sight in art, business, or study, is largely innate, but education has proven that this power may he cultivated to a greater or less extent as we. are willing and determined to culti ­ vate it. H elen A. T hompson . In the past ages, all nature seemed so beautiful, so wonderfully mysterious to .the observing ancients, that as they noticed the various changes in the life about them and the different phenomena in nature, their ignorance of the scientific explanation together with their active imaginations led them to personify these objects and weave legends about them, even as little children of to-day speak of the man in the moon. Let us imagine ourselves living in the year five hundred B. C. in the region then called Thessaly, in the lower part of Turkey, where the air is clear, pure and bright, clothing nature in a peaceful mantle, which intensifies our inspiration of the scene. As we study the world around us, we notice that the vast and ever changing sky is the most powerful feature in the universe, so the god that we place as the ruler of the sky is the most-powerful of the divinities, the father of all other gods and of men, whom we name Jupiter, a word from the Sanscrit, meaning sky. Of all the heavenly bodies the most im ­ portant is the sun, which making its daily tour across the sky brings us such joy and gladness that we liken it to a strong and powerful man whom we call Apollo, then weave myths of his youth. We notice that in his early life he loves Coronis, the fair maiden of the dawn. We judge that this maiden is untrue to Apollo for he slays her. This myth is exemplified each day as the rising sun destroys the dawn and then speeds steadily across the sky. We think the cause of a serious drought or heavy rain ­ fall must be that Apollo permits his youthful son, Phaeton to drive the cloudy steeds ; but as they are unruly he some ­ times approaches nearer, then again journeys father away from the earth, thus causing sad results. The beautiful moon we may call Diana, the sister of Apollo. One readily notices that the rising moon is apparently directly on the hill-tops. Thus we say that Diana there pauses for a moment to glance at a shepherd asleep on the hills before driving her silvery steeds across the bright land above us. So too on a summer ’ s evening as we sit watching the starry sky we group the stars into the forms of objects or persons, then using our imaginations call one constellation the Great and Little Bear whom we suppose were once Jupiter ’ s wife and son, afterward changed into those forms and placed in the sky by Juno from jealousy. Then viewing a comet, we liken it to the golden hair of a person whom we name Berenice. When her husband was preparing to join the army, she implored the gods for his pro ­ tection, promising her beautiful hair as a reward. It is this hair which we see in the sky. It is strange and yet interesting to think that primitive men were so ignorant as to consider the sun a man, yet it is not at all singular that they worshiped these bodies; for all the human race have an instinct Of reverence and as they knew no Supreme God they naturally honored these. We do not laugh at these people for their beliefs, hut rather judge that they were of reverential characters in worshiping the highest powers they knew. Wb too . con ­ sider these wonders of creation as awe ­ inspiring, but we may trace the ruler of all these bodies to one Supreme God, maker of heaven and earth. F lorence W. M. J ones . SOME ELEMENTS OF SUCCESS. In our childhood days we have read many stories of genii, and fairy god ­ mothers who had the pdwer; to bestow success on whomsoever they wished ; but as we grow old we find that success is within the reach of any person who pos ­ sesses the elements of attaining it. We have been pursuing our school course in order to find in what direction we had any special ’ ability and to be able to enter the contest with trained skill. Not only does school training make us intelli ­ gent, but as some one has said, every one has two educations, one which he receives from others, and one, more important, which he gives himself. Our school life helps us in discovering the elements which are essential to success. We know that a person who has self-reliance pos ­ sesses one more vital element, for he trusts in himself that what he wills to do he can do. He does not depend upon others for strength, for a successful character is not gained by clinging as the ivy does to the oak. Another secret in nearly every under ­ taking is contained in the answer to the question how earnest is he ? for earnest ­ ness is the best possible substitute for talent. At first he may not achieve the success he wishes, he then believes his hard work was in vain and there is no success for him. But he should not be discouraged, for failure has been the step ­ ping stone to many an honored name. Another requisite success demands is concentration. There are so many pleas ­ ures to call one from his work, and cause him to lose interest and enthusiasm, his chosen work becomes loathsome and is abandoned for something more agreeable. Neither can one attempt too much at once. When one tries to sail too many ships some are sure to be.lost. The, firm purpose well carried out is worth a hundred good in ­ tentions. We must not be only self re ­ liant and earnest, but we must also pos ­ sess that great element, “ perseverence. ” “ Our greatest glory is not in never fail ­ ing, but in rising every time we fall. ” Self-knowledge, self reverence, self- control, these are the essential elements of success. M ary T. M orrissey . THE COUNTRY SCHOOL MASTER. “ By their fruits ye shall know them. ” This truth, taught centuries ago, is as real as when it came from the lips of the Great Teacher. Though general in its bearing and universal in its extent, it is best seen in its applications, and to few cases can it be more profitably applied than to the country school master. Misjudged, caricatured, abused, vili ­ fied, the country schoolmaster stood in the past, the butt of all the passing whims of wits and critics. They seemed not to realize that then as now, the greater part of the people had no other educational training than that which they had received from him. They seemed not torealize that he trained the great masses for their life battle and that though they had no more armor or equip ­ ments than David of old, like him, ‘ they knew how to use' what they had. They seemed not to realize that it is the country, boy that makes his mark in life where his city cousins fail; that a large per ­ centage of the successful men is the pro ­ duct of the country school; and that he who taught them the difference between right and wrong and first guided their footsteps along the path of life should re ­ ceive his meed of praise; that his memory should be honored with that of his illus ­ trious pupil. Although there is a vast difference be ­ tween the country schoolmaster of three or four decades ago and the country schoolmaster of to-day, there are still many points of resemblance. Even then, in his day of unpopularity, he was in the vanguard of civilization. Those that ridiculed him could do no better than to follow his lead*- — Those, whose especial delight it was to belittle him as much as possible owed to Mm-~their standing in life; for it was he that gave them their preparatory training; it was he that culti ­ vated their minds; it was he that gave them power to rise above the ordinary throng and made their success in life pos­ sible. Over the grave of the valiant warrior who has at last surrendered to the grim enemy, Death, towers a lofty marble shaft, commemorative of his noble deeds on fields of battle and bloedshed. The mortal remains of the great statesman whose eloquence has rung through halls of legislation and whose name has been a party shibboleth lie in some beautifully chiselled mausoleum. But the ashes of the country schoolmaster repose in peace­ ful seclusion.- — No towering marble or chiselled granite marks that grave. No eloquent eulogies are pronounced over that coffin. But, as civilization will outlive barbarism, as the builder will out ­ live the building, so will his deeds Survive those of the warrior and statesman and his influence live on when marble and granite shall have crumbled to the dust; C has . E. S nyder . “ through g ra ndmother ’ s spectacles . ” Did you ever think how different is this present hurrying life from the quiet sober life of our grandmothers? Allow me to put on grandma ’ s spectacles — perhaps through them I can see pictures as grandma does. First, I see a small red school house, many heads are nodding within, while the busy master is mending a quill pen. One of those children with feet dangling from the high, backless bench is grandma. We will not stop to point her out, for you would not recognize the aged woman in the bright eyed, rosy cheeked girl. In the next picture, grandma is seated between her father and mother in their covered wagon, for when she was a girl there were no bicycles upon which to skim over the road like a bird. She, generally, rode in a Jersey or a lumber wagon, thinking even this a luxury, for when her mother was a girl she rode horse ­ back. Next we see grandmother as she was on her wedding day, traveling on a canal boat, arranged in style with dining and sleeping apartments. Sfie seems to be enjoying herself, if the rate of travel is only a mile an hour. Now, I see a bundle of letters,, yellow with age, written by grandmother when she was a girl. There are but few, for postage was expensive in those, days and only about three-fourths of the letters ever reached their destination. But among these I find no telegrams, now so plentiful. Here is a picture of grandma ’ s house, a long, low, stone building with heavy wooden shutters and ivy-covered walls. Orchards surround the house and a long lane leads to the road. The door of the - - - I [Concluded on Eighth Page.]

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