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Fort Covington sun. (Fort Covington, N.Y.) 1934-1993, December 13, 1934, Image 1

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ORT VOL. L. FT. OOVLNtt'FON,. N, V.. THUKSDW. DEUEMBEK 13! 1934. •WO. 34. News Review of Cmxent Events the World Over D ISPATCHES from Warsaw said the Poles were amazed and alarmed by die Franco-German agree- ment because they feared the under- standing between those two nations would be extended to Include Great Britain and Italy. The foreign office hinted that In that case Poland's re- lations with Russia might be made closer. Poland resents being left our In the cold, for she Is determined to be recognized as one of the great pow- ers, and to play her part in the stabil- ization of peace in Europe. Davis Warns Japan Against Scrapping' Naval Treaty^ Peaceful Agreement for Saar Plebiscite—Moley and Richberg to Industrialists. By EDWARD W. PICKARD ©by W«rt«rn New«pap«r Union. N ORMAN H. DAVIS, America* an> bas»idor-at-large and our chief representative in the naval Uraltatfun conversations that have been going •« In London, has given plain warning to Ja- pan that if that na- tion Insists on scrap- ping the Washington naval treaty, security will be endangered, suspicion created and the world forced Into a costly naval con- struction race. Mr. Davis was addressing N.H.Davis spond , ints . association in London, but his words-were meant for all the world to bear, and as his speech was the first comprehensive statement of the American position since the opening of the conversations. It was, regarded as ef the-greatest In* portance. He also announced, for the first time, that President Roosevelt has proposed \a substantial all-around re- duction In naval armaments.\ Mr. Davis said that, 1 since no agree- ment for armament reduction has l>een reached, the United States advocates the continuance of the Washington and London treaties with their assurance of \equality of security.\ Asserting that the Washington pact put an end to a ruinous naval race and established \a sound basis for peace in the Pacific and the Far East,\ he continued: \Only by maintenance of the system of equality of security, with propor- tionate reductions downward of naval strength if possible, can there be main- tained the substantial foundation for security and peace which has thas been laid. \Abandonment now of the principles Involved would lead to conditions of insecurity, of international suspicion, and of costly competition, with no real advantage to any nation.\ Unofficially, it is said that when Ja- pan gives formal notice that she Is flouncing the Washington treaty, prob- ably on December 20, the United States will Immediately withdraw from the discussions in London. Officials in Washington consider that to continue the conversations would be tantamount to acquiscence to Japan's demand for modification of the ratios on which the treaty is based. No more than any other nation does the United States wish to see the re- vival of the race In naval construction, but the government will not tolerate the decjfne of our navy to a subordl- oate place. Recent utterances of cab- inet members and of congressmen who especially have to do with naval affairs make this pfciin. In his annual report to the President, Secretary of the Navy Swanson says that although the United States may reduce its naval strength proportion- ately with other powers. It is Imper- ative that a navy second to none be maintained. He warns also of the dangerous shortage of personnel In the navy, saying that \ships are valueless unless manned by adequate crews of trained, experienced officers and men.\ T HE ^government of Jugoslavia has decided to expel all the 27,000 Hun- garians now living in that country. The process will be gradual but re- lentless, Already more than 2.000 have been deported snd more are being sent away daily. Hungary called the action of Jugoslavia to the attention of the League of Nations. P EACEFUL solution of the Saar plebiscite problem seemed assured when the council of the League of Na- tions unanimously and gladly adopted the report of the S*ar committee em- bodying the Franco-German agreement for payment for the mines ID case the region votes to return to the reich. Leading up to this settlement were two amioun< > ement8 of utmost Importance, i'iret. Foreign Minister Pierre tava! of France promised that French troops wonid make no attempt to enter the Saar territory before or during the vote on January 13. \I desire to an- nounce.\ said he \that France will not participate in any international force, which it may he found necessary to send Into the Saar. We cannot par- ticipate in such a force because Ger- man.? cinnot participate,** Then ('apt. Anthony Eden, British lord privy seal, cold (he council tha tirent Britain would contribute troops to the proposed International force, pro- vide! Chuncell'or Hitler of Germany were willing that such an army should be sent Into the territory. When Ber- lin was Informed of this, a foreign orH<% spokesman announced that FFU ler's government would raise no objec- tions to the plnn. All this was In effect a victory for tin* poiu«U»g or Col. Geoffrey G, Knox, the h'Jijrnc commissioner of rhe Saar, Tor he has long advocated the crea- tion of on International police force for th* territory. (vtvttitMHi <»f Itarly and Csechoslo- vakia d«»rlnr«di their countries would g*'tt<l rr<ui|ut. and Maxim l.ttvlnov, K«>vi*t fiH-Hgn commissar, said he be llwurt 'ItuimiH would be witling to sup* ply H jun-t of tn<» league force. DRESIDENT ROOSEVELT returned •from Warm Springs to his recondi- tioned executive offices in Washington with the greater part of his winter program completed. It will be pre- sented to congress in his annual mes- sage on January 3. The major Itenrw have to do with., expansion of the pub* !Ic works administration to provide work relief,* revision of the NRA and the AAA, extension of power de*'elop- ments, social security insurance and low cost housing, and the paring down or the budget. BMBERS of the Mid-Continent Re- clamation association, represent ing 19 states, met in Chicago and per- fected plans for a soil erosion and flood control program, to cost $900,000,- 000, which the association will recom mend to the federal government with request for a survey to determine Its practicability. The plan, which was developed by A. B. Hulit of Chicago. Involves the construction of canals and dams aver an area extending from northern N«*rth Dakota through Texas to control flood waters originating on the eastern slopes of the Rocky moun tains. I NTERESTING statements were made to the American Congress of Indus- try In New York by two of the I'resi dent's closest advisers, Raymond Moley and Donald Richberg, director of the nation al emergency council. Professor fci'iley de clare«l there is workable substitute for the present cap- italistic economic sys- tem. \Basically h said, \the New Deal was an effort to sav capitalism and, b spreudtng the range of opportunity- uader it to enable the aver age man to regain a measure of con- trol over the conditions under which he lived. It seemed to me In 1933, as It seems to me now, that this effort to save capitalism was wise and just \By no stretch of the Imagination could the vote of November. 1932, have been interpreted as a mandate for thi abandonment of the capitalistic system. Finally, even had there been such a mandate, there was and is no work- j*f e substitute, foiMHuv present system,'! Moley expressed much optimism re- garding business. He told the indus- trialists, In effect that they need have no fear of any radical change in the present economic and social order, that Industry was needed te stimulate trade, bring about recovery, and that In the last analysis It would be the business men who would distribute the wealth of the nation. Mr. Uichberg admitted the NRA hau not achieved all its aims In its effort to bring about industrial self-govern- ment, but insisted thnt its fundamental principles must be preserved in perma nent legislation for codes of fair com- petition. He warned the manufacturers-thai the permanent law must be written I co-operation with labor and consumers, as well as private business and gov- ernment, so that there should be nei- ther work-consumer regimentation by business nor business regimentation b; government He hinted that if employers consent- ed to legal restriction In return for in- creased power under the codes, organ- ized labor would be called upon to da likewise in submitting to legislati control. , Organized labor was soundly berated by C L. Bardo, president of the Na- tional Association-^ Matiufatturers. He said Its contribution to nattonal recovery had been \the most wide- spread inauguration of strikes, co- ercion, intimidation, and violence that the United States has ever seen, as evidenced by strikes In Minneapolis, Cleveland., textile Industries, and the general strike at San Francisco.\ Bardo pledged the united oppositt< of the National Association of Manu facturers to tb« efforts of the Amerl can Federation of labor to obtain through congress legislation Imposing a 30-boar week on Industuy, or «ny other effort to \fix a rigid and arbi- trary work week for a!3 industry.\ Industry's platform for recovery, which was proposed at a meeting.of the national Industrial council, urging return to the gold standard, a balanced budget, and other orthodox economic measures, was adopted. ORD RIDDELL, who during the *-< World war was Lloyd George's chief liaison officer with the press of the world, Is dead in London. He gained fame and great wealth as a newspaper publisher. As a reward for his war work Rlddell was made a peer In 1018. His voice over the telephone carried the first news to England of the jggplng of the Versailles treaty. For some time after the war he continued o be a friend and confidant of Lloyd Seorge, I.ater there were political dif- ferences, but whiln the close liaison ceased the two men never ceased to be friends. Lord Rlddell leaves no heir nd the title expires with him. f^ENTRAL, western snd northern sections of Honduras were devas- tated b# a series of earthquake shocks continuing through two days. The ex- tent of the disaster Is unknown at this riting for all communication systems were crippled, but It was reported hat at leasfc three towns of consider- ble size. Copas. Cabanas and Santa Rita, were nearly destroyed, DRESIDENT MUSTAPHA KEMAL •of Turkey has become the idol of all the women of his nation, for, after giving them such social rights as emancipation from the harem, he has given them political rights. At his in stance the national assembly unani- mously decided that any Turkish wom- an more than thirty years old is eligi- ble to election to the chamber of depu- ties, and that all women over twenty- two years • of age can vote) hx the na- tional elections. Thousands of women telegraphed their \deepest gratitude\ to Kemal. KIROV, one of the most prominent members of the Russian Communist party's political boreau, was assassinated In I^enlngrad, and as he was a close as elate of Stalin his death was the occa- sion of public mourn- ing. The government announced that the assassin was Leonid Mcolieff and that he \was sent by the ene- mies of the working class.\ But it appears there Is something . . moc* to the event Sergei Kirov than a mere murder < A dispatch from Warsaw sa4d ten Red army officers had been executed as the result of a plot to assassinate all Soviet leaders at the same time. The Moscow government denied this story, but at the same time it was put- ting under arrest scores of White Guards, enemies of the Soviet regime, accusing them of \terroristic action.\ They were tried by a military colle- gium of the Supreme court and sixty- six of them, including one woman, were found guilty and immediately executed. The names of those executed were officially announced. Among them ap- parently were none of the leaders who had figured prominently with the White armies during the civil warfare following the Bolshevist revolution. Nor were there any names of men who have had national prominence subsequently in Russia. The executions were carried out while Kirov's body was being cremat- ed. He was given a state funeral and his ashes were placed in the Com- munists' Valhalla beside the wall of the Kremlin where rest the remains of I*enln. John Reed and other heroes of the Red revolution. P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S avia- tion commission, having concluded lt& hearings on national defense he- gan. dBflfUoglte r#per& and it authoritatively said in Washington that If congress approves of Its rec- ommendations, government airships will surely be operating in a transoceanic service. Details were be- ing worked out and It seemed likely the commission would adopt the $17,- 000,000 plan approved by Bwing Y. Mitchell, assistant secretary of com- merce, and the national advisory com- mittee for aeronautics. That plai calls for two huge Zeppelin type air- ships and one smaller metal clad craft along with necessary modern landing equipment The commission also will ask con- gress In Its February report to create a paJWAftwt lederak agency with su- pervisory control over all civil avla- tion. This would comprise five to sev« en members. B USINESS leaders of the country who are members of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States .te mand a reform of the government's budgetary methods. Through a refer- endum they have irfvwi approval to thirteen proposals to rhls end. One step recommended was \a more active centralized administrative con- trol of-expenditures.\ This would be obtained by -broadening the execu to include all expenditures, ordinary and emergency, and strengthening so as to avoid the necessity of defici- ency appropriations.\ This recommendation for broader control by the administrative branch of the government also suggested thi \when feasible\ expenditures be re- duced below appropriations. I N LINE with this budget \revolt\ Is the opposition the business men ai demonstrating to the ten billion dollar work relief program proposed to the President toy hfs brain-tntsi advisers. As outlined by Secretary of the lu- tert«r Icfces and Relief Administrator hopkins this Is an undertaking to ter- minate federal direct relief and put «' able bodied unemployed persons, H work »n guver^menl HIM need, pwjfrts. while the states continue ro ntturti r*» Hef to those persons ttot aete to work President's Office Has Been Reconditioned The reconditioning of the executive offices of the White Houss, designed to provide more space for the nation's Chief Executive and his Immediate official family, is finished. This is a view of the President's own office. It is richly furnished to produce a dignified effect, and conspicuously noted in the fittings are |)ld Glory and the President's own flag, both behind his desk-chair, and his ship model. « Albania's Royal Family in National Dress SHI* By Bob Nichols i Shooting Editor, Field Md Stream Here are Achmed Zogu, king of Albania (center), and his family in the picturesque national dress. Left to right: Princess Ruhie; Princess Senie; Prince Husen, nephew to the king; mother of Prince Essad; the king's mother, Sadie Achmed Zogu, the king; Princess Adile; Myzejen and r Madjide, both princesses. - All the princesses are sisters of the king, who is not married and lives at his castle In Tirana with his mother and his six sisters. Captures Laurels With Her Lambs j Ratherine Sheldon of Oneonta, N. 7., is shown with her lambs that won top honors at the International live Stock show In Chicago. This is the third ttae her lamas have won Twenty Grand Prepares for Comeback >\\ Twenty Grand, one of America** greatest thoroughbreds. Is being prepared for h couusback after several years of retirement He will try for the $100,000 handicap at the new Santa Anita truck near Los Angeles on February 28. Mrs. Payne Whitney hi his owner. ''• >-\- ASTRONOMERS' STATUE Before a crowd ef more than 2,000 people, this impressive 40-foot astron- omer's statue wan unveiled and dedi- cated on the grounds of the Griffith park planetarium at Los Angeles. Of molded concrete in material, the statue resembling an angulur shaft. Is six pointed and. bears the figures of six of the world's most famous astron- omers—Hipparchus, GaUleo, Kepler. Newton, Copernicus and HeracheL BAY STATE GOVERNOR uiS shot that is missed more often titan aoj other shot in bunting Is the fast-flying overhead snot coming in directly over yoo. This is the shot that the duck hunter encounters fre- quently, atjhouglr it does not present Itself very often m upland hunting. When such a chance does present It- self, however, what do you do to score hit? For years, as a boy, I wasted shell after shell trying to connect with fast- flying ducks coming in directly wvepr head. Sometimes they would not be any more than thirty yards high. In- variably I would score a miss on them coming in. Not^a few of the times I would then turn around and drop the bird going away. I couldn't understand why I was missing the Incomers. Older heads than mine were both- ered by the same puzzling shot. One old duck hunter—and a very success- ful hunter he was, too—once told me that it was useless trying to kill a duck coming in on this kind of shoe His explanation was that the shot sim- ply would not penetrate to the bird's vitals shooting crosswise through the duck's irsary breast feathers. **I^et 'era*pass,' he counseled me, \and shoot into 'era from behind, the way their feathers lay, and you'll kill 'em every shot.\ This didn't sound reasonable to me. I had a very wholesome respect for the speed and penetrating power of shotgun pellets at 30 to 45 yard range. One day. sitting In a cornshock blind 1 had rigged up for myself, in came a flock of about a dozen blue-wing teal. They were coming straight over me at about 35 yards high, and they were coming fast My concealment was so constructed that I knew I would never be able to get out of It in time to shoot at them going away behind me. As they whirred into me I pulled up on the leader, gave him what I thought was the proper lead, and fired. What happened so amazed me that I forgot to shoot the second barrel. I had shot at the leader—and killed the last bird in the flock! Which meant that I had shot behind the bird I pulled on and missed It by » good six feet When I examined the dead bird I found its breast—rfght ' where its feathering was the heaviest—was neat- ly punctured by four 4's. So—I rea- soned—my old advisor was wrong. And if No. 4's would kill through the breast feathers of a teal, they would do the same thing to a mallard, or even a goose. And the whole trouble was that I wasn't leading my overhead Incom- ing shots enough. I couldn't figure out why such a big lead was necessary on this type of Hhot AH I knew was that you had to double your lead, and that whenever you did 'x this way yon scored. I had proved it That was enough. But it wasn't until some years later that I arrived at the correct ex- planation. Here it is: On the overhead incoming shoot you of course can't see your target at the Instant you pall the trigger. You \bury\ the target, as the saying goes. But—the instant your eyes lose sight of the target your hands and arms un- consciously stop the swing of your gen. The result is that, Instead of shooting ahead of the target with the proper killing lead, you actually shoot almost at the target, and by the time the shot charge gets up there the duck has already passed the danger point and the charge tears a large hole in the air behind him. A good rule to follow on this type of shot Is to pall dead on the Incom- ing duck and then, just at the Instant of firing, swiftly jump the muzzle up over the target so that It will seem to- be shooting at a point about twice as far in front of the target as would seem necessary. In other words, try to \doable your lead\—a very good rough estimate of what it seems you are doing when you do it correctly. Try this—see how readily it solves the James H- Oartejf, tare* times Mayor of Boston and a Roosevelt booster long before the t%lcago convention, was elected governor of ttassachusetta, \puzzle\ 1 Ck Westers Newspaper Untoa. Man's Organic Make-Up Is Likened to an Army Comparing the life of man to a mil- itary maneuver. Dr. Ales Hrdlicka. of the Smithsonian institution, believes each organ and each part of the body has Its own growth curve. This deduction. It was said, arises from extensive studies of living ma- terial and great accumulatoas «f hu- man skeletal material by the institu- tion's division of physical anthropol- ogy. It Is thought that each person, aa far as growth curves are concerned, Is an aggregation of thousands of de- pendent, yet fairly Independent Indi- viduals. The true growth curve of an Individual, the institution pointed out. Is s recent determination. Doctor Hrdllcka's findings revealed that each bone, each feature, the brain, and all other organs prepress from blrta to death with a regular curve, and that each curve Is specific for a certain part or organ. Thus, It was explained, Ufe for such a complex organism as man is roughly aoalgous to a highly complicated col- ony of social Insects, ertei military maneuver where thousands of dttfereat movements oust be co-ordinated i» one general movement at all times, al- though each soldier retains a certala •mount of tatilvfchialSty. Fundamental almllarlty of orgaa growth curves. Doctor Hrdtlctui said, is proved by the fart that tbey do not ffiffei greatly la any raesx I

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