- I D B . *. t '.. •*.-!**• -i . E.tabH.h« May 23. YWS. .-....-.— oatty, emrept'Stiitfaya. « e \«a St., Cert«vji, N. Y.. by -' ' «\\-*'— Compaq, w. A. \ m*. Vicep So&fy and Trea». I Ing chair was,foun^, by, chance, fi I ICng.anU, France, Germany or -else^ I where, it was usually 'pointed out to 1 the -tourist as an \American chair/ 1 ' tolerated ' merely as a curiosity, 'but' designed to please the absurd visitor' by reminding- him ot homo. And now—the French Acaijomy of Science?, presumably the most learned body of men extant, has set it* tofjcavl taeal- of -approval on the rocking chalft l5c StI pe S r r S ^e1e 3 d C rn nt *H O P c t .ty.° OP By lTIie Academy pronounced it the moat man outBiH«. »!••» ««.» •—-•- — »» —'hygienic of all seats, conforming ftd\\; Entered at second-claw matter Deo.- 87, 1904. at tha pottoffice Qcnevn, N. Y., under Act of CoitgrM* March 3, 1S79 J p weeR, delivered in tho city, B mail outside city 50c per month, $6.00 pe £?£ P Jf $*\ l n adV3 nc»- tocat R. F. E> I rmntlt. n at R. F per year in advance, 40 cent: TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1920 Today markpei the re-openlng: of the BCIIOO!H In tills fJty. And it was __ Zittlo array of no mran lu-o.portions of children who '.vended their way to the familiar 'bulldlrfgs to pursue tholr studies for another scholastic year. It is tm army of vast proportions that similarly begins school work today throughout the country, an army it is' estimated numbering no less than 20,000.000 children. Thpre Is something Inspiring- in contemplating such a vast .throng all actuated by the single pur- pose of getting an education. America Is a nation of individuals who are very much prone to act in '. dividually about most matters of life, but when it comes to schooling tSey ire predominantly of one mind, be- lieving thoroughly in.education HH the foundation of life and character. It Is the school which Is -the backbone jind hope of our national life and one' of tho things which has made America pre-emlnen^amonfl: the natlonH jof_Lhe- . Th(!\fQct that there Is such a general •* desire on tho part' of people of all classes to have their children educated -J-ls—most—hepeftri—end -at thte sea-son it Is most fitting that the -do- •-' — ••\\-- -\ an education should be No one should grow up in ignorance In this country and all __sltfiul<i-be-e!veouragejr to pnrsno thelFJ education aB far as possible.. It may bo a temptation cf the part of some young people (e <tftlt aeheef-mnl- not return, but this is a great rnlstaltn. , rming JB4; miral&ly to the ahape of- the body !and\ properly supporting it, and mends its general adoption Jn and offices. I For the latter use, it ia • likely that tho Academy has in mind the swivel\! chair, also • an American invention. is merelyH version of the rock- ing chair adapted to business pur- poses. As for the front porch brigades,' the rocking chair admirals of!'' the yaJoht club and the boarders at the. summer hotel, they •way all go ahead and rock a&d, rods and rock to their\ heart's content. of Nature Do Not Change With Our Texrigemment&l Changes.\ \ HOUGH, Retiring frart Northwestern University. Five Minute Chatt on Our Presidents By JAMES MORGAN ' A fllever American once described, a paradox as a ^ truth which 8ome<J>ne has stood on its heat! in order to \\ attract attention. Gilbert jChjesterton ha» spent most! of his life standing truths en^'flomc^alsehoo^s on their\j heads and the process -has attracted a goai! deal of : attention.-^On tlie^hol^ his influence has made for f stability and steadiness, far all of his HtoTary audacity ; i$ the .expression of a very d O tCopyrlcht, 1920, by James Korean.) PROFESSOR IN POLITICS • •;•<;•!«.. ' r f«:™.-s: THE womxm II SQUARE* TREES. Now and then some new discovery or achievement is proclaimed which\ makes one wonder whether our zeal for, sfllcleney does not carry us too far| along new lines. tit has recently been announced that English foresters have learned how to grow square trees. They are hot yet lelrig grown on a profitable commercial ,cale, but that is supposed to come in time. These, trees have trunks 30 nches wide by two inches thick and esemble artificially cut out boards more than they do trees. Experiments re said to have shown that by _a mple but; Tjyp1T-rHi-gp»prl_hEll^ia r n ! sirabilily of emphasized. sahoufd go on and entcistho high school, while those grad^jRtlNg from the high schools should -by all means where possible go to collago or pursue higher education -In <MW fePTO-trr unullif r. This is fortunately an era where It heea proven again-and again- 4ha-t-| 4 ¥hc persons witfi the trained minds and possessed of tho highest knowledge are the ones who meet with the greatest success in life. Those iMt «o trained are at a dla- runk can be made to grow In I desired direction, stopping Ita growtt \jn other directions. The School of Forestry at 'Cara- 4H44ge45nglaHaT-h*s--pi'ed-ttee!(l r another queorly shaped tree with a round table top of beautifully patterned wood, said, to bo very much harder then the \nor- mal wood would havo been, and the | r Tnu5h moffTquIcftly after Its skilful bruising: than before. A forest of trees with two-by-thlfty- H»h- trunks-might -bo very flne--fdr- a lumber company, but wouldjt notj to tho i lover? However, the nature-lover probably need not -worry too much about this discovery, for there are not mind. Once he was discussing a law and its relation ,_. • *° 1!fo - WImt l»e said can be put into -one sentence. *<m cannot break the law of gravitation, you can onJjr illustrate it\ The man who jumps from a high cliff, for instance, does not free himself from «U8.1ttw, n§ surrenders to its inflexible action. _ Wo may not live in a new world since the war.\ But we do surely live jn a world with a new psychology. Artificial restraints are hated and cast off. The very breath of freedom w in the air. It k a golden day for experiments. ^ I t is the period of the apotheosis of the untried. All this means that life has freshness and vigorous incentive. The new mood may be productive of immense good, At the same time we need to remember that the laws of nature-do not change with our tern- peramental change*. And we need to remember that the whole vasj sys- tem of uniform action in which we find ourselves moves its sure and silent way quite\ apart from the white caps which show their teeth on the sur* face of our lives- _..'. . There is a real freedom in this world of law. But it is achieved by mastering the meaning of the laws of Hfe and bending them to our pur- pose by our very conforming to their behests. The man who ignores the laws of nwhira and of life-is racfoly-eourt- 1858—December 28, Woodrow Wilson born at Ataunton, Va. . ^> 1379—Graduated at Princeton, 1885—Marrted EUen LoulSft A3E- •en\ of Savannah, 6a. 1885-8—Associate profess;? at Bryri 1888-90—Professor at' We6leyan university In Connecticut. 18S0-1902—Professor at Prince- ton. 1902-10—President of Princeton, 1911-t3—Governor of fiew Jer- sey. 1913-^March 4, Inaugurated - twenty-seventh president; aged fifty-six. Out-Rivals and through its all-round N 1 ing disaster, however plausible the phrases in which r he .djeacribes dauntless freedom of the life. \**\'-».. Freedom and law together Tffffke the sum ofI life. The wise man understands them both and fits them into tlie structure of his activity. A law becomes your slave when you conform to it _... Thi? aviator has a wonderful freedom In the air.. But all this free- dom is based upon the observance of his administration has yet pass- ed into' history, whose judgment on them It would be folly to try to fore- tell. Nevertheless, much of the record of the presidency Is made Up and closed, and may be summarized atf least, although It is perhaps foolhardf to venture into the flames of passions that blind men alike to the merits and demerits of almost every president while he remains the central figure of partisan strife. \A statesman & a pomtcian-wlio-ls-deftd-.'i-sftid-T-homa* in the White House a man like Wood- row Wilson, who had learned politics • in the classroom ~ rather than in the We may take long flights ini wardroom. ,The eighth of our Virgtais- day. But our machines must be built in the I born presidents—in reality he is not B. Heed. In this age of eurs, when men are going to school to learn business and fd and all manner of closest conformity to the laws of nature and the pilot must whose very audacious freedom is based on obedience. HELD IN HIGH REGARD be a man to the requests of. citizens or more patient in efforts to meet their wishes though the details of such ser- vice are endless. There Is nothing at shiftiness about him.* He is not care- out the \trees m - ' Have ar^new x©p ana siae eia^aiifs made irons on doorejfer side curtains to open with dooi or your old top repaired. We put to all lands of cur- tain lights, repainting and repairing of all lands. .They nny Cupt. Jn.mp« Ttrnwn For His Ability and Sound Judgment Augusta, Me., has sailed for a South . Representative Norman J. • Gould advantage «nd often learn It too late. \ To any who\ may ba faltering irt tholr pui'poaes about pursuing their studies.!they'll a word of enoourngenient thould be given, so that they will not be lured away to work or other activities while schooling: is within their ffrasp.~ Geneva ToHuriatcly oilers freat ad- t vantaeos in th» way of educational opport unI tl«0 with Its excellent d ll Island to and $60,000,000 of gold. Boy, page R. L. Stevenson! I he does his own thinking, and while [ ready always to hear^ and consider [-everything Unit constituents can v pre- 1 sent, his action i * ' The men are very busy toaching the women how to vote. And when tho instruction ls finished, we wonder, how. voto. and colleges, Through them Geneva young people can obtain a thorough Education right at home, an opportun- ity and a privilege which should bo grasped and made the most of. LABOR ANARCHY. It 4» a Tnbst \regrettable thing that »bor Day week should find the United States with a big- coal strike on Its hands. It l« especially rfegrettftblc that that strike should be an \outlaw\ Strike, hypocritically dubbed a \Vaca- tion,\ called by rebellious leaders and acquiesced ln by rebellious workers against the advlco and authority of their chosen officiate. For the moment the* essential crim- the when acute •may The nation, *s President \Wilson surfeited, can Cet along somehow or ether. Labor pay naturally brl*gs to tha for* the Question of organised labor's own in- Inality of this offense American public , at a tlm» jthft fuel faunige h already and winter bo passed over. After all the elucidating argument, that League of Nations will never know itself again. Why not go to Russia for a supply? You can buy 1,000,000 rubles for 126. \ Good morning Children! Good morn- ing, Teacher! They're oft! FUTURE DATES Sept. 7th—Board of Assessors Will Meet to Hear Grievances on Assess- ment Roll, City Hall, 10 a. m. Sept 10th—Openlnsr of Theatrical Season with Victor Herbert's Musical Comedy, \My Golden Girl,\ Smith Opera House, 8:15 p. m. Sept. 8th to 10th—Union Agricul- tural Fair, Naples. Sept. 13th to 18th—State Fair, Syra- cuse. '\ Sept. 14.—General Primary polls open from 7 a. m. to 9 p. m. Sept 15th—Joint Clambake of .. nvM .«^^ Aroyuuiiuun in, princi- ple. It is divided industrially into three Lchief parts made up in due proportion \*bf tho farmer, the manufacturer and £\x& tradesfmrn. The\ manufacturer must have a fair degree of protection Rpainst the prclucts of foreign labor which Is paid less than one-half of the American wage scale. The farmer -wants good markets as near the place of production as may be practicable and aa fully developed as local advan- tages warrant. The tradesman wantstrict to do business in' the midst of a sec- tion that ls abundantly prosperous and given to .generous habits of living. Thus the interests of all classes of workers are closely united. • No one of them can prosper greatly without the co-operation and profit of the others. Mr. Gould's large and varied Interests naturally cause him to appreciate the needs of all classes .and that he has their welfare at heart is undisputed. He Is the head of one of the great [manufacturing houses of the United 1 States which, ln extent of operation, Quality of product and general trade standing:, both in the foreign and do- mestic market, has a moat Pnvlnhliv ept 15thJoint Clambake of Chamber of Commerce, Rod and Quo Club and Elks, Gun Club Cott p m ^NW1 terests, and thc»« are t manifestly ibreatened by every such action as that of the anthracite strikers. Once more, in a. crisis, workmen havo repudiated their promises to abide by the results of public arbi- tration, and flouted the authority of their own organization. Every such act ia reactionary and demeraUiIng. It destroys the structure that intelli- gent labor has been trying to. build up through Ions years) of •volutloni turns organized labor into disor- ganized labor, unionism into anarch^. It weakens the faith of the public in txikionlsnT p. m. NW11P4HHI Sept, 16th to 18th-=Ontarlo County Fair, Canandaigua. Sept. 2lst—Opening of Hobart Col- lege. Registration 9 a.m. Sept. Slst—Concert by Sousa's Band, Smith Opera House, 2:15 p. m. Sept. 22d—Opening of William Smith College. Registration 9 aim. Sept. 21st to 23d—Seneca County Fair, Waterloo. I that faith. ~]*bor most Is labor unionism going to fulfill the expectation of its most hopeful and enlightened re£resentstlv*fl. In insuring a square deal and a fair living, in peace and honor, to every manual iforker hereaiter? Or ia it going to wreck Ita prospects on the threshold ot their realization? It depends, mota than anythlajr else, on whether such ''outlaw strikes\ can tie stopped and the union outlaws be made to^under- •tand their own best, interests. ; THE ROCKING CHAIR. • The rocking chair at last Is justified. Always heretofore Europeans have .ifeoffpd at it send scorned it, as a silly Ainerlean fad. American travelers I fjjjfcvje found, with tnorprijie, that tlw foreigner* were accustomed to sitting flxolusively in uncomfortable, straight' rbaetasd trhairs. -Tbe'foreiftters have that thore -waa higher tasto i Ingoing-so. Wheat * roek- SPICE BOX \And what ia that lad of yours going to be when he grows up?\ \I rather fancy he'll be a golf cad- dy,\ \Really!\ \Yes. The last tanning; I gave him he turned round and told me I wasn't holding the stick the right way,\— London \Opinion.\ Dick—\I think Ethel will make % fine wife. I have been calling on her for six months now and nearly always have found her darning her -father%-seekB u ———- —»— reputation. Mr. Gould has been in Congress for the last three terms and j\bas risen to one of the chief places in [iihe management of measures of the 'majority of the House. He la regard- ed throughout the country as a man of unusual .breadth of- view ana sanity of judgment respecting the public busi- ness and is constantly consulted ln all matters of importance which come be- fore Congress. His strong sense .of 5Vhat,..is right in legislation from the public. standpoint and a steadfast habit of pursuing policies in. accord with the best thought of the time, are most Important ln our country with Us diversified peoples and interests. He is abreast of the times In all that relates to genuine social welfare and tha company over which he presides U the proof of i t Nothing in reason IS omlted from his factory equipment that conduces to the health, comfort, convenience arid satisfaction of the entire force of workers. Mr Gld f posltion and wiien oizter leading men see time ne is solidly entrenched in the' favor of his constituents. Men rise in politics who are kept in the service for their ability and their representative character. Such menjire recognized and move upi to tU* commanding places in legisla- [ tlv« t>odie8. This district is proud of the career of Mr, Gould in Congress and is gratified that it has found a man who Is abundantly able to maintain the tradition of this dis- of distinction In national politics. SENECA CASTLE •\ •• » To Hold Election of Offietr*. Seneca Castle, Sept, 7—The \Woman's Missionary societies of this chuw* will *-••*\- the GENEVA, N.\ ¥. justly! ld i Woodrow Wllapn at 30. a Virginian, but the son of an Obit clergyman and of an English mother- was a student or teacher of the act ence, or rather th« art of governing for 80 years before he held a political I offlcfl. | That fact was left out of their reck- 1 onlng by the-Democratic bosses of Irupt, sa sKts « nual election of offllewTor thefc^ society and It 1, urged tnat an du^ *? year. ** preslclent of Prince- from the golf lints are to come. 'Church Notes., nirig. gave .uvpuier ui nis neipful and in- structive sermons, from the subjects, \Something Worth While\ and \The Sign at the R. R. Crossing.\ His sub- ject for Sunday, September 11th will be, morning, \Besponsibllitv-\ »»- _„. .natMugiuuiv,\ eve- ning, \What To Do and How to Do It\ The annual meeting of the Methodist Episcopal society of > Seneca Castle win be held in the cfiurch Thursday evening, September 9th for the pur- pose of electing two trustees for three years in tho place of L. A. Page and H. W. Schoonmaker whose terms of office have expired! and to transact »»» Mr. Gould far more than fills the position of caretaker of his own dis- trict. He ia quite as distinguished for his interest In citixe ll ei Jack—\That caught me, too, until 1 found out that it was the same Bock.-' Boston \Transcript.\ \Father* is the zebra, a black animal with white stripes or a white animal with' black etripea?\—London \Mail.\ -«- \All right back there?\ bavrleg-jtha rce of workers. Mr. Gould far more than fills the sition of tk o d tct. He ia quite as disti for his interest In citixens all over the land. This is shown by the measures which he has introduced and which have become laws^ for the._ben6fllL of Missionary exercises, were held at the Sunday School hour in the M. B. ohuroh which should been held last nomination for governor. J 1 ** novIce ta soldiers andsanors, of government employees and all workers ln many lines of industry. If his district were selfish and, sought advantages for it- self -without regard for other districts conductor. \Hoi' on, hoi' «n,\ shrilled a fern-1 inlne voice. \Jea\ watt till I gets ma»| clothes on\ e clothes on.\ \And then, as the entire cartal craned their necks expectantly, ijh entered with a basket of laundry.- \Amerlcan Legion Weekly.\ nrfght -weli-oling to HrrObuianfoc Ita representative. He can get any- thing in Congress that any other member can get. And if the distriot jrants_,to be. -represented—br * high principles, enlightened policy. sjeneca (SSHe, Sept 7—John Hanson of Washington, D. C, and Mrs. I*. ML Morgan of New Jersey, were recent guests of their cousin, L. A. Page. Mrs. Fred WheelerretMmedfro sr vacation lost week Thursday. Mrs. Sarah Furman *nA -»—- g from MiTsHaWet? rfSSMft*?' Integrity together pacit f l and with Mori SoUUr D««tf Htturned to U. ft Th»,bodl« <if 887 American de«dL Mlrwtf difw* to tire Tiom*« of th«kf parentt teached Kew York city fro* Antwerp, Belgium, aboard the trans- port Mwcnry. °Th« bodies were re- ceived with m»lt«qr honor by aftny men. W tegrity together with trained capacity for lurge affaire it nnwt sttli find .its preference satisfled 1 «.\\£? of tho caliber of MrVGould. L*It ta the greatest of mistakes for any, WBatrtct in any state to let to of a 'representative of approved capacto and-ftpprovedjMeltty. That wonder- ful body of TegislaUon that in the last !?S[ 3 ??^fi!*'S e S ohm & l of the Republican p*rty, has been due in the main to in«n wh& tiavk been kept In olBce until' they were so trained to the'public business as to be hBads of conwilttees and leaden Ik the progress of tire TTHtofl. itaolt Hopresentiitlve Gould has applied himself diligently to th* business of ^.^_~^-«._» **L ---•-.• »*i* constftutents «ntl ttat includes Rw«» tins Want Ads. Th«y are mttr- general a» w»U a* local measures. Ne daughter, Y., were Schoon- Morrls Whltntf of Eocheater spent over-Sunday with his parents; Mr. and Mrs. Frank Whitney. Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Schoonmaker entertained at dlnntr recently I*. A. Page, John. Munson of Washington. D. C,« and Hrat l>. M. Morgan, of New Jersey. * Mr. and Mrs. Immanuel Eudwiffeof Blmira are guestii of their, daughter, afrsV Walter Parry and family. Jena FreOrlcfcson and family visited her brother, John Cairns and family Sunday. Floyd SHcox of Canastota *pt Sunday and Monday iwlth his' here. Frank Davis who has been ia Seat* America Is home with his wife anil own up, was his first po- litical speech, that If elected governor h« would govern, the politicians nudged one another and laughed ln their sleeves at the idea of a professor try- Ing to ran their machine. They laugh- ed out lood when they saw him actual- ly sit down in the governor's chair and begin to play politics oat of a book; Of all things, It was a book which bt himself had written In his youthful school days merely as a thesis for his PhJ>. at Johns Hopkins. The young gradoata-stndent made the discovery that our Constitution created a vac- uum, which the bosses had rnsbed In to fUL - ' • Alas, popular leadership' Is neither a science nor an art that can be taoght out of a book. Where «ther leaders of oar denwe- racy have appealed to the emotions, ha hi one of the least electric, least dm* matte of our presidents^ with ho anec- dotes to popularize him, with no leg- ends of bis youth or myths about his •t/ti'U—l When You Gome td Syracuse to visit, to attend the State Fair, to shop, or to trans-\ act any business, call at tjie Syracuse Trust Company andletusshowyouhowabigtrust company operates. It is quite possible we may be able to serve you in .somematterpf trust If ydtrhavetea^bn |o do much business^ia^rracuse a checking account with us you will find a great convenience. 5 09 North Salina Street NPrVYORK erica Is home family but expect again after a few Miss Flora H I ffcl i uth wife and back noptii s. returned to TK general Imagination. Ha owes his va- rious successes at the polls to the cold logic of the political situation and little to hlsjopjaiartty. HUannierolcaloof- neao from politics, at s time when pol- itician* had faliea Into disfavor, made him the available man for governor te niOr AB m candidate for jpresldent, M ran a poor second to Champ Clark to the T popidar prlmarieB of 1W2._ He was nominated at Baltimore only after 45 ballots, and then only a* a result of Bryan's overthrow of the steam roller. And be wit elected by the division of the BepubMcan* between Roosevelt and Taft, thoogh oetecelTedra scoaller vote than the I>«nocrats lad polled in three put elections. It to tt» trajjedy of •pn'g liature that i\ Women Only Knew y •i,.-^ 0menW ? 1 °\^ mtollave ' morelei « ue ' •«*«>•*> iot •pend ihost of their tmw cooking food and washin. dk*«, aay ttatf tte only way they t^^f^^J haWan ***<^» < * Wpi»f«« &HA^t«v«: Itfaeasy farady with even better taatmgmeals. S^L!S | «*«*o«* Umm** its palatabnity. The «l>*n«»eil cook can b«ve perfectmolt* withth* \Ideal\, a *T8[ » elf- - the States g» hearts «f meo. the Biological . ~, —. <,..« vi Department of Agriculture m pian *he details of a city-wide drive t J «f :ermlnate fats. The methods of poi- soning and trapping the animals reo. ommended by the department's men who- have specialised In work of this sort will be followed very largely. The city has been divided Into districts.- i»» each of which a doar-to-dopr canvass | wilt be made to bring home to alt oc- cupants of houses. f»nf*»«— .««*--- ._ ^VVTUIUL mweraent. A largre amount of literature prepared by the department, dealing with rat extermi- nation, will be distribute <*..»•— *•\- imi ^imvKtm I PTO'Malley & Son, I . •fevara o f Household Good* Plttm. y.-* ; •;?.* •• ana^-Oiit of town Moving \ OFF^E, H: V* < * , ' \ '. • .ihttUlaC I**** Li;. of your your fi *««.. 1 *tdmit'that you stW «5» to m*w **»>'«*.hot.-fdp.J»«; imM-immki , 4?