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The Adirondack news. (St. Regis Falls, N.Y.) 1887-1934, July 16, 1887, Image 1

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\^T TUB PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY i r-AT- Bt. IfcEGIS FALLS, FRANKLIN COUNTY, N. T. . tTEEM8-.$l,00 PEE YEAE, ! STMCTLY IN ADVANCE ajl lalton and costaanleaUeai drssssa to •heals fee a* I. A. ROWELL, Editor and Publisher, Iff. Regis Fall; N. Y, lBOND A Devoted * 4.-=, to Local News N and VOL. I. ST. BEGIS FALLS, N. Y., SATURDAY, THE REIOHTS.AND THE VALLEY. ' Thtra are gray clouds in the valley, Clouds and mists and chilling rain,] But tho heights aro bathed, in sunshine, Thero we look with longings vain. Silver moonlight in tho valley, Glitters on the heights above, . i While the dow-drops in the valley, ' Kiss tho lilies that thoy love. On the heights thero are no llltos, Thoy lovo best the valley low, All that glitters on tho heights, is Diamond, ice and jwarls of snow, - t THE ABANDONED BRIG. ASAII.OU'H STORY. A more singular incident than one which occurred while I WJS one of the crow'qf tho ship Stranger, is not to be found in tho rceords of tho sou. Wo loaded at Livorpool for tho Cape and port* Soy on d, on tho west coast of Africa. Our last port of cailt was to bo Zanzibar. Before leaving tho docks at Liverpool two .or throe pf us took down tho map hanging on tho wall at our boarding house and traced out tho course. When we came to figure up the distance wo wero amazed. When we came to figure on tho perils of mich a voyage wo won- dered how many of us wouid live to sco , the palms of Africa. The average land*- . man sees a ship pull out of her dock without asking or caring which way sho is to go, bow long the voyage is to be, or what the perils of her course. Per- haps it is not his business to ask or care. Each vocation in li/o has its profits and perils, and it is seemingly left to each toiler to work out his own salvation. Well, we had touched at port Natal to unload some machines, aud wore headed up for the Mozambique channel, when wo got caught in a cyclone. It camo on about 10 o-'clock in the morning, and wo had everything snug, to meet it. Two coasting schooners, both I ound our way, had come out of Natal with us, and when tho storm came howling down both woro in full sight. Inside of twenty minutes 0410 foundered and went to tho bottom, and tho other wo almost ran ovtor ns sho driftod bottom up. Wo had a big craft, aud sho had taken out onough* ouigo to float liko a cork; but within an hour tho soa got up until a mill poncf constantly washed our docks, and uow and then a wavo camo over tho rail, which filled her until we stood h|i> deep in tho frothy wutor, Wo hud to knock away A port ion of tho'bulwjwks to glvo hor a chance to unload, but ovon thon thoro woro occasions when il seomod as if sho could not riso with her burden. I don't remember that any of us woro frightened. Both watches woro on duty, tho officers alert, and we knew that noth- ing could bo done, except to stand ready If any smjdofl peril menaoed us. Wo • woro not lying: to, as would havo boon tho caso in a roaring gale. With tho wind screaming and shrieking along at tho rato of eighty or ninety miles an hour,, no ship could havo boon held up to it, oven if sho wcro not driven under stern first. I had been sailing for fifteen years. «and yet had nover encountered anything' liko this storm. Tho nn- ffor of it was appalling. It seethed determined that nothing mado by the hand of man should survivo it. when 1 we slid down into tho groat hollows bo- tweon tlio waves tho *ind was lost to us on tho decks, but it feared and shrieked through our toohampcr like ten thousand mad devils. Thon, as we slowiy«dimbed tho steen hill of water, tho ship jsocming to stand almost pcrpondiculprion her stern, tho wild blasts struck us again, . until,0very man had to hang on for his life. • When wo wero in\ho full embrace of tho s'.oriu tho report of a field pieco could not havo boon heard twenty feet. I had only one look astern of tho sjilp. A five-pound noto could not havo hired mo to lo«k again.* A groat wall of,water, crested with six foot of froth, was rush- ing down as if td roll over us, andil shut my eves and held my breath. B lifted tho ship and flung her forward at a boy might toss a chip, but I would not look ig.»in. , It was about no:>n, nnd I wa9 making my way aft to tell tho Captain that we could make out some sort of a wreck on our port bow, whon wo woro swicpt by a wave, from stern to siom. My grip on tho lifo line was broken as tho {waters rushed over mo, and next instant I know t was being carried over tho rail. * As I went I bumped against two of tho men, buried over their heads in water, but hanging on for life. I clutched at ono of them, and toro a piece from his jacket, and thirty seconds later t was overboard for good and trying to get my bead above tho foam, which piled up on tho surface liko youst. When I did ftct a look nfound mo the ship was a quarter of a mile (way, and jii9t sinking into a hollow.! I know It has been thu caso with mpst sailors who havo been put in such pcriVthat no hope of salvation existed, that a feeling of exultation was born. It was «ao with mc. I had a profound pity for tho poor fellows bii board tho Stranger. Their danger seemed far greater than mire. Thoy would drivo on until tho ship grounded or struck a rock, and every loul o fit hem would jierish on tho cruel ledges ir bo drowuod in tho clutch of tho deadly undertow. My death would bo easy and without pain. All I had to do was to ceaso struggling end sink down, down, down to a peaceful sleep below tho vexed 'surface. I was -doubtless drowning when Jl»U feeling was upon me, but sometntng occurred to arouse me. ^ Some object bumped against mc, and instinctively I reached out toward it. It was a part of the cook's galley or hou^c. Tho wavo which had swept mooverboard had smashed tho house and sent one whole side of it after me. , I can remem- ber that I knew what tho object whs, and that I grasped it and felt that I had a chance for life, but then come* a blank. I snppose I was buffeted about until I lost consciousness, but I had a grip oft the wreckage which even death would not have re'o ised. . N The next thing I remember was a feel- ing of thirst. I thought I was wandering •in £hc woods in search of a spring, and the longer I hunted tho more (thirsty I became. I was about to slido down a bark iuto a dark\ravine when I opened my eyes nnd found myself extended on the wreckage, cither hand gripping so firmly that it was only after several trials that I could open my fingers. The wind had gono down a good deal, and with it some of the fury of the sea, but I was still being tossed about in a very un- comfortable manner. The sun was about half an hour high, and as the events of rt rectnjess of this conclusion. As the sun came, un tho wind and soa went down, and before noon I was pretty comfortably fixed, though stiff and bruised from being so much knocked about. Hope nnd ambition wero slow in coming, and it was fully midday before my m(nd was clear, J)id I hopo ? Yes. Ho >d is tho last thing to desert a tailor, n > matter how desperate tho circumstances, It was almost bono against hopo, however. I understood something of navigation, and, know that it was a circular storm whiclt struck tho ship. Thero was no telling how largo tho circle, or, whether tho Stranger was on the outer or tho inner J fo edge. I afterward learned that we wero te very near tho centre, and did not feol tho force as much as ships 100 miles to tho south or west. A great part of tho island of Madagascar was ravaged, and Jerrible havoc was created sovonty-flvo mires inland from |Port Natal, East London, Georgetown and tho Cape. Two whalers 120 miles to the west of us wero dismasted, and two others wont down with all hands. I think it was about ten o'clock in tho foronoon when, as I was heavod up on a, sea, I caught sight, of a craft dead ahead of mo and not more than a mile away. I didnli make her out very well for a time, as there was a haze in the sky and tho spray flying about me, but when I drifted nearer I found her to be a dismasted brig. It was a mercy that I was driving straight down upon her, for I had'ntthc strength to turn my unwieldy float in either direc- tion. There were no signs of life about tho wreck, and I mado up my wind for a tremendous struggle to get aboard of her. She was a hulk, and being tossed about like a cork, and there, was no telling how long sho would float, but I felt that if I misted her I should drift away to an awful death from hunger and thirst. It seemed as if Providence guided my float. Tho wreck was stern oh to me. This was proof that her wheel had been lashed t> *my knifo when thero was a great shout and that her steering gear was all right. * \ * . , - You would havo thought sho would havo sunset. »y surprise, tho sun was much higher, on to and by and by I was forced to thocon elusion that it was morning, and that I had floated all the afternoon and all night. Hunger and thirst soon proved the Cor- el rove faster than my.noat, and 1 was sur- prhed that she didn't. Jt wasfound.asl may toll you hero, that ono of hor an- chors was overboard, with ten fathoms of chain attached to it. This gavo hor a heavy drag, and my pace.was twico as fast as hers. Whon I camo up I drovo past her stern on tho port side, missing lier by not moro than four foot. Thero was a lot of her top hamper on tho port side hold there by ropes which had not been severed and I drovo into this moss us we wont into tho trough of tho soa. Climbing up the hoight beyond, tho wreckage slowed in toward tho.huik, and I sol rod tho opportunity to grasp a ropoand draw, myself on board. I did ntH get thero boforo receiving sovoral hard bumps, and whon I wss safo on look I had to sit down for a while to recover my breath. J n Tho doeks wero In a torrlblo littor, and a good sharoof tho bulwarks on the star- board sldo had been washed away. Boats, booms and everything olio movable had g one, and it was plain onough that the rig had been wave-swont. As a sailor I could toll by tho foel of her that sho had little or no water in her hold, anvd that was tho main question with me just then. Tho first move I mado was to -begirt at the ropes holding the wrockago alongside. I Ifid my sheath knlfo to work with, and later on found an ax, and in about half an hour I had tho satisfact on of sooing everything go cloarl Tho hulk mado loss work of it riding the wavtes after that, and tho danger of having W butt started was disposed of for goodj It was only after I had cleared,tho wrcelcago away that I folt hunger and thirst feome upon mo, nnd I put awav tho ax and looked around for water. 'The scuttlo butt was lashed firmly in its place, With a co%k in tho bung, and after a llttlo hunting I found tho drinking can and indulged in along and refreshing draught. Not a drop of silt wator huuentcred tho barrel. To satisfy my hunger I must go below. Tho brig was built in tho old-fashioned way, with tho cook's galley, steward's S antrv, and all that sort of thing bolow ecks. I found everything much knocked about and broken, but In tho coppers was a pieco of beef, thoroughly »done, and I soon turned up a fair supply of, ship's broad. With theso artlclos of provondor I returned to the dock and atp until I was thoroughly satisfied. f Not tho slightest suspicion that any ono living was aboard had crossed my mini. Indeed, I was only too thankful that I had^not ortcountcrod any dead. I was about through with my meal, and was thinking of making a careful inves- tigation below, when I was suddenly seized from behind, flung violontly to tho deck from my seat on tho main hatch, nnd 1 found myself on my back with a man on top of mo, his hand on my throat, aud hi \ knee on my chest. It) came upon mc so very sudden that I had no strength for a time. It was only when the stranger raised his other hand, which clutched an iron belaying pin, to give mo a blow on the head, that I put forth any effort. It was will for mo that 1 was tin tho primo of lifo and possessed of lots of strength, for he was a burly fellow and determined to do for me. I toro his clutch loose, and put forth a groat effort nnd turned him over, but we had a terrible struggle be- fore 1 conquered him. j I did not get tho better of him until I had given him a rap over tho heacl with the same pin. While ho was unconscious I tied him hand and foct, and then for the first timo got a good.look at him. Ho was a common sailor, strong as a bull, and> without doubt, a lunatic. Fenivof death had un- settled his mind, and ied him to hide himself away wheju tno others left the brig. (He had looked Vipon me ns an enemy, nnd no doubt intended to take my life;. Well, after I had the man securely tied he recovered consciousness, and it^was well that I had not been sparing of tho rope. He mado herculean efforts to break loose, and, being now in a sort of frenzy, he would havo been more than a match for mc. His screams and shrieks and curses were awful to hear, and I left him securely tied to tho deck and de- scended into the cabin. Scarcely any- thing hero had been disturbed by human hands. I found the brig's log, and from it I made out.that her name was the Saint Joseph, and that she had been up the coast on a trading voyage. Sho had a cargo of fine woods, hides, furs, spices, and dried fruits, and carried a crew of twelve men. The last entry in the log told of a fair run and fair weather. Her cargo I got from her papers. When I had thoroughly ransacked tne cabin I went forward to tho forecastle. The men had gone without their bags. Then I went on deck, found the sounding rod, and sounded the well. ;The brig did not have two inches of water in her. I was constantly falling and the sea going down, and tho weather put on such a settled look that I grew very hopeful. I was aboard of a hulk, drifting I knew not where, and had a dangerous man for a comrade, but there was plenty to eat, tho brig was dry, and tho chances of boing sighted and rescued were good. It was a long afternoon to me, though I was kept busy rummaging about and clearing up tho litter. When the sun finally went down tho night camo ojn hazy, and tho wind fell to a two-knot breeze. I was in a great quandary as to what to do with the man, who scorned to havo been asleep for several hours. I lighted tho ship's lan- rns and hung them overboard, and then, about two-hours aftor dark, I car- ried tho man somo tea and broad and canned fruit. He lay on the broad of his back, and was deaf to my soothing words. I held up his head and put tho tea to his lips, and in anstant ho seemed to go wild. By a mighty effort he loosoud tho ropes—I afterward found he had gnawed somo of them in twain—and next instant ho was upon mc. Neither of us had any weapons, nor was thero opportunity.to secure one. We grappled each other, and in less than a minute I saw that it was his lifo or mine, or per-. haps both. He was seeking to drag mo to the broken bulwarks, and I was seek- ing to prevent. He had a grip liko death, and as wo struggled back and forth amidships wo tore tho clothes off of each other, and used our hands and feet whenever thero was an opening. Ho was tho stronger * of the two, but I could use mjr fists tho better, and this evened us up. I said that wo had no weapons. I had my sheath knife but I did not propose to use that unti I folt that my lifo depended upou it. The. timo'finally came. 1 was growing weak, and Whilo he seemed as strong as ever. I was just about to loosen tho grip I had on him with my right hand and reach for r, CUSTER'S FALL 1 A VISIT TO THE BATTLEFiELD WHERE HE DIED. Story of tlio Massacre Related the Indian Gall, Who Led the Host Hen—Incident a of t a Terrible Day. by ;orr - A Fort Custer (Montana) co-respond- ent of tho New 'York World has been vis- iting tho scene of tho massacre or General Custer and his troops by Sitting Bull's Indians. Tho writer says: A worn and weather-beaten monument crowns the point of tlio battle-field. The shaft is rapidly disintegrating under the combined influences of burning suns, driving rains, winter storms and wither- ing winds. Wh$n this pieco of stone shall have crumbled to dust—which, irom present indications, is not far distant— there will be nothing left to mark the spot or tell whoso dust lies mouldering below. from tho bows, a nnmber of men cahno running along tho decks, and a voice which I recognized as that of tho masker of tho Stranger called out: ••What is it? Who are you? Whal is going on?\ \Lay hold of him, Mr. Jameson; he's crazy!' I shouted, and with that four or five men seized him nnd flung him to tho dock. Now, lot mo toll you what had hap- pened. I was lost overboard from tne ship about midday. Six hours afterward sho sprung aleak, and was abandoned just before sho went down. Tho crew got away In two boats, outlived tho storm, and wero heading up tho Mada- gascar whon thoy spied my lights and .al- tered their courso to make the wrock. Thoy had hailod tho hulk sovoral times, and finally camo aboard just in timo to prevent u<Jcod which would havo bcon a burden to my pcaeo of mind forovor aftor. Tho crow which loft tho brig wcro never board of raoro, while tho lunatic died next day after our mon camo aboard. Not a man from tho Stranger was lost, and wo rigged up tho brig and took hor to tho ('ape, and tho salvago moro than paid for tho loss of our ship and oargo. —A#w Yurk Suiu Cashing Big Chockq, In a gathering recently of five or six men, most of whom aro at loast reputed to bo woalthy, doubt was expressed by oach ono If thero is a man in Now York who could draw his chock for $1,000,000 and havo it honored in actual cash. Ono of tho group,a prominent financier, said: \I know of an instance not long sinco which is a fair illustration of theso million dollar chocks. A London majn had a business transaction in which a payment was to bo mado to him of £08,000. For business reasons ho did not wish tho chocks to bo passed as in ordi- nary business transactions. A check had been given to him on Mills, Glynn, Cur- rio & Co., who aro tho recognized outsido bankers of tho Bank of England. Ho went to them and demanded tho cash foi tho check. They had not so much money on hand and woro obliged to ask him to wait until they could go to tho Bank of England aud procuro it. When ho had secured tho cash ho went to the other bankers to make a deposit. Tho second house refused to accept tho monoy on deposit until ho had oxplainod to them in tho fullest manner whore ho got it. Thoy had novor had so largo a deposit mado in cash at ono timo. They would not accept it without knowing whero it camo from, and looked upon him with suspicion for having so much cash in his possession until ho had explained tho circumstances of his business. Of courso tho Bank of England had money enough to meet such a check or a much larger one,, tho samo as tho United States Treasury would bo able to meet a great demand. Bui tho fact that £68,000 should bo a stumper for two of tho big- gest banking establishments of London indicate how small a part actual cash plays in tho business transactions of the da v.\— Ncio York Tribune. The Richest Man. In speaking of tho woalth of some of tho ancients, writes a correspondent of the New Orleans Times-Democrat, you class Tiberius nW the wealthiest, $118,125,000, and givo lha't cf Crcpsus, the Lydian, at about $8,000,000. t You have not men- tioned one wealthier than them all, who was Pythius, son o^Aty, the Lydian, who possessed in silver $24,510,000, which, and gold together, added to his posscs- the klay ajowly came back to my befogged fussing about for a couple of hours, aud brajn, I figured that it was now commj^'duruijr all that time the lunatic never Half an hour later, greatly uruig ceased to scream and shout) and try to burst his bonds. When I finally got around to see if I could not do something for him he all at once subsided] and would neither look at nor speak to me. purjiig the afternoon, the wind was siAti of land and slaves at a proportionate value, would swell nis wealth to about $500,000,000. I iriban his gold at tho Doric value o( $5; 22; J if reckoned at tho value of the stater sicbus it would givo him in coin $0,030,000, nnd with slaves and hnds in proportion, a wealth of over $120,1)00,000. This man I>ythius, with- out touching his silver or gold, enter- tained at the city of Cclnona; tho army 6t Xerxes, over 5,000,000 strong, in his in- vasion of Greece, and on apnvious occa- sion made King Darius, Xcrxcs's father, a magnificent present—a gold plane tree and vine. This Pythius, then, was the wealthiest man in tho worfd,'and it is doubtful if there has been anyone before or since to equal him. J A Blacksmith^ Expedient. The olher day a Philadelphia Call re- porter saw a blacksmith examining an ax fiiom which ho had been asked to remove a portion of the handle which had been l>rok£n off close to tho iron. Tho wood could not be driven out, and as nails had been driven in at the end it could not be bored out. \What will you ,do?\ asked tho reporter. \I'll burn it out'* was the reply. \But you'll injure tho temper of tho steel,* 1 suggested the re- porter. \Well may bo not,\ said tho smith. Ho drove tho cutting edge into th\ moist earth, and built a fire around tii* projecting part. The wood became ( h:u red and was easily removed, whihe t lie tempered part of the ax sustained no injury. OUSTER'S MONUMENT AND oTnicn 0HAVES. That part of tho valley of the Littlo Horn River which was tho scene of tho disaster of Juno 25, 1870, is about four- teen miles above this post, on tho right and loft banks ,of the clear Lesser Horn, as it winds down through tho valley from tho Big Horn range. I havo had exceptional opportunities for arriving at tho truth concerning the massacre, and I am convinced that neither tho rods nor tho whites know what they w#:o about when tho battlo was begun. General Custer knew that a large aud powerful Indian vlllago was ovorin tho Littlo Horn Valley somewhere, and ho determined, with rare pluck though extrcmo rashness, to attack that village in his usual poll- mell style, depondingupon dash and dis- cipline to cany him through in spite of tho force of numbers oppos d to him. Custer made his first mistake when }io divided bis forces. With less than 2|10 men he attempted to do what would-havo required at least four or tlvo regiments united and in mass. Even with alibis forco together and making a swoop down upon tho great village tho chances wcro a hundred to one that ho would bo whipped anyhow, and badly too. The Indian camp was on tho loft sldo of tho Llttlo Horn River, oxtending up and down tho stream, in a lovely, fertllo bottom, covered with rich herbngo and luxuriant grasses, aud occupying an area fully three milos in length by half a mile in width. When one considers tho size of this camp, closely packed with lodges, tepees and wickiup*, he cm form somo idea of tho poniilationj it contained. It must be remembered, too, that every red- skin in n tribe—bucks, aquuws, boys, maidens, and all except the pnppooscs — does his or her level best at fighting when attacked by an enemy. So it was with Sitting Bull's village' iu the Littlo Horn Valley. When tho brave cavalry leader swopt down on the Indians with his usual dash nnd c< lat, ho was not checked by bullets or arrows; no want of courage caused him to pause and falter, but simply mass of numbers got in his way, beat him back step by step, notwithstand- ing the leaden hail poured into the sav- ages from tho cavalry carbines, and finally overpowered and killed every white man after the.ammunition of \the latter had been exhausted. Custer's men fought all they couia fired shot after shit with- telling ef- fect, but all to no purpose. Indians who were in that fight have told mo solno strange stories. Sitting Bull was not in tho fight at all. Gall was tho bi|{ chief and general- issimo of t ho day, and whilo ho was leading tho bucks and direct- ing tho engagement, old Tonka-te-Tonka (8itting Bull) was back in his medicine lodge making medi- cine. As the Indians won and Sitting Bull made the medicino ( ho of course got all the credit for tho victory. Ono ef tho Indians says that the shells got stuck in the white men's carbines, and when those weapons were thus rendered useless as fire arms the poor fellows, pressed to the wall and overpowered ten to one, cllubbcd their guns and fought desperately, with death staring them in tho face,' until tho last doomed man fell in his tracks. k When tho ammunition was exhausted tho Indians walked up, knocked them down with clubs and butchered them with hatchets. Gall told mo that the main object of his young men was to stampede the horses, which carried the saddle-pockets in which each soldier had stored his ammunition. The troopers had perhaps fifty rounds apiece on their person, but the main supply was in^thc saddle-bags, being entirely too heavy to carry on the body. In nil, the soldiers were supplied with about two huudred rounds per man for the fight. When the cavalrymen wcro dismounted to fight on foot ono 'soldier was detailed to hold every eight horses. Gall says he quickly saw the advantage to be gained could the horses, laden with ammunition, be stampeded, so he devised a'plan to that end. He sent a score or two of young bucks up a ravine to the rear, and theso embryo warriors, unmindful of flying lead and the danger of the job, suddenly rose up with yells and shouts iust in front of the horses, swung their blankets wildly in the air, and every steed in the outfit broke loose from the holders and scampered down the ravine jtoward the Little Horn, where they were gath- ered in by the squaws, and old men on the wait for just what had occurred. Many of the Indians were armed with cavalry carbines and United States muskets, so this very ammunition was turned against Custer and his men and no doubt had much to do with deciding the fortunes of the day. From all that can be gathered by S uestioning Curlcy, the Crow Scout, and ie only living survivor of those who marched with! Custer, and also from the marrative of Gall, who has since visited the spot and ^old the story of the day on the ground where hs made it, it appears that there were between 6,000 and 7,000 Indians in the village at the time Custer descended upon it. and that the attack was not so much of a surprise to t*»« refl CURLET, TIIE SCOUT. sight of the village. Home Interests. NO. 19. THE Q&ivBnfiwLk foetus ' ALL KINDS OF JOB PRINTING SUCH AS Cards, Letter-Heads, tiotc-IUads, Bill-Uead§, Statements, Envelopes, Handbills, Posters, dc, KIATLT AND PROMPTLY EXECUTED AT THE LOWEST LIVING PBICES FOR CASU. Wt ssUclt the pttronaga of tt* pnbMc »ni ttrlvt to merit tae Mm*. mon as has generally been supposed. Gall says that he sa v the soldiers early in the morning crosiing the divide, and noted carefully that the whjte^ men divided themselves nto three ^lyisions. When Custer's command swe#t olf to tho right *they lost light of that force :omporarily, keeping their eyes on Reno, ivho came directly lown to tho river, eeking a ford to 1 ;ross over and fight. i icno did cross over, mused a minute to est and tighten firths, remounted all lis men, and rode un alongside some asn imbcr a milo and a ^ialf, when ho sud- < enly camo in sight 1 he of village. When ', ie suddenly came in When the soldiers saw all thes* Indians the bugles sounded \charge\ the soldicn camo rushing liko tho wind upon their vomen and children and killed many of tl lem, but tho braves rallied in great for:e, turned on tho troopers, and chasec them back to the river, into which every body tumbled aud scrambled up t( the top of a steep hill opposite. When they had Reno on tho hill, tho buck;s in great number tried to drive him ojf; but not succeeding, tho women, old men an 1 some bucks wcro left to guard, them \ rhile the others re-_ crossed the stream and hurried down to the other end of tho village, where the cry had been raised that morp soldiers w :ro coming. Of ccurae this was Cus- ter's outfit, and we have, no talc of that terrible affair except w lat the Indians toll Uf. Chief Gall, who was undoubtedly tho lead- er of tho red forces on th at day, further says tli at only fortv-thrco Irdians were killed in al , although a great miny afterward \fell o\erand(Hod.\ This ON RENO HIM., phrase, I think, refers to tho wounded who died of their injur- ies. ' This scorns a ve ry smnll percentage of casualties among tho red men, whon ibis considered tha 201 whito bodies woro found on tho field, although moro than two hundred nnd forty men yielded up their lives on ('us er's field, not count- ing tho killed and wounded of Reno's and Bentoon's cotnm inds. History has bcon corrcctod somevhat since that dark and' bloody page wai recorded, and not tho least Important a that tho Indians outnumbered: fully 1 TO to one all tho whito mon in tho co intry, including the dilToront commands of Custer, Bentocn, Reno, as well as Gem sral Terry 'sand Gen- eral Gibbon's commands, then at tho forks of tho two Hor 1 rivers, on tho way up to effect a junction with the Seventh Cavalry. Had thoy only known it tho savages could have s vept everything be- fore them, as they w< re in superior forge, armed with magazin 0 rifles and fighting for their lives, nlthc ugh as a rule our North Amorican aboi lglncs havo a whole- some dread of artilleiy, of which Gcnoral Terry had one or two pieces left. Another correction should be mado in the case of General < luster himself. He $id not wear long, golden hair, as has bcon generally supposed, but had it clipped short before he left his post to take tho field. Ho v as also scalped, like all tho rest, but he, jcing slightly bald on the crown of hit head, a scalp-lock was cut from furthc ' back. The brave man died game, so c rerr redskin admits, and set an example for courage 1 and bravery which was followed by every soldier in his batta ion. Many of the whito men wcro sadly mutilated. After all had bee 1 slain, the bucks f tallopcd around over tho field popping mllets and arrows in 0 the corpses, while the bloodthirsty sqiaWs completed an already too-horrible picture by pounding tho heads of the pooi follows, with thoir stone clubs. It was a sad and mournful duty for tho survivin jr moiety of the gal- lant Seventh Cavalry to perform the last rites for their slain comrades, but they did it with tendornesi and care, covering each where ho fell with a mound of earth, and erecting at his hsad a stake and pile of stones to mark the spot when the ele- ments should havo waihcd away tho earth. The Custer battle-field is to-day ono vast cemetery, neglected aid almost forgo ten, oxcept by tho fcw*wlio have relatives and friends sleeping amon or those barren racka in this faraway, uninhabited country. Tho littlo stakes and uilcs of stones arf J ret to be seen, but tfcev givo a desolate 00k to tho field, nnd the monument it- self is in the first stag* is of decay. It has been surrounded by 1 i high irdn railing, to protect it from vat dais and relic-hun- ters, but all tho iron n ilingsin the wferld cannot save it from tie storms and the winds which in this h: gh and dry climate are destroying the shaf: slowly but surely. Off to the left of th< \ monument and at tho end of the ridge rhich formed the basis of the skirmish inc of which Cal- houn's company was t ie left, is a.Bimple marble headrtone, at the base of which was buried brave Lieu cnant Crittenden. A Lucky Army Male. . There lives in this country—to be. more particular, at Mount Vernon, Ala.—a unique animal. This distinguished creature is a mule, it might be supposed that its uniqueness lies in its kicking, but this is not tne case. It is unique because it has been regularly pensioned bv the United States Government. This lucky mule's name is Mexiquc. He has had a long and useful career. He has certainly served his country in two wars, and it is believed that he enlisted in the army even as early as the war of 1812. When application was mado for a pension for Mexique, his record .was transmitted to tho War Department,, the fact being ob- tained from the special books in which tho careers of army horses and mules are recorded. Mexique is now a whito mule, but ho was a sorrel when, according to tho records, he entered the service during the Mexican war. A part of the army when on its homeward march in 1840 left him at Tampa, Florida. When the civil war broke out he was still at Tampa, and during the war he served throughout tho region between that place and Key West. In 1882 the post at Tampa was abandoned, and Mex- ique about Christmas time arrived with Battery L. Third Artillery, at the bar- racks, Mount Vernon, Ala. Jle was not in good condition, for shortly before leaving Tampa, he got a severe kicking from a mare for attacking her colt. TIH8 VfiNUIONKD .MULE. Boon afterward tho officer in command at Mount Vernon barracks was ordered to sell all unserviceable draught animali at auction. This would have included Moxiquo. In consideration of the dis- tinguished services of this mule the com- mandant petitioned the Quartermaster General that Mexlquo be allowed to re main in tho service, with full rank and pay, M the officers of tho post were will* lug to rahu a fund lor Hut purpose. Tho petition, going up through various departments, reached General Sherman, who, in referring tho matter to tho War Department, wrote: ••I havo soon that mule, and whether tho story bo true or false, tho soldiers be- Revo It, was left at Big Spring, where Mount Vernon barracks now are, at the timo General Jackson encamped there about 1810 to 1820. Tradition says it was onco a sorrel, but now It is white from age. The f Quartermaster's Depart- ment will bo chargcablo with ingratitude if that mulo is sold, or tho euro or main- tenance of it thrown on tho charitable onMccrs of the post. I advise that it be kept in tho department, fed and main- tained till death. I think the mulo wai at Fort Morgan when I was thero in 1842.\ Upon this the Secretary of War issued tho following-order: j> •'Let this mule be well cared uor as long ns he lives.'' • Mexiquc is now feeble. According to General Sherman ho is nearly seventy years old. He has never recovered from the mare's kick. Ho has the liberty of the reservation nnd many distinguished strangers havo called on him. He is a Tery lucky mulo.— Neio York Sun. A Hint to Nero. \Say Nero, I'm going to be out late, an'-1 don't want you to bark when I get home an' wake the folks up.\— Life. meanest a little and -\V... LTBUTENANT CRITTESDEN'S GRAVE. This gallant young officer volunteered' his services for the ex edition, but [was cut down in the flower of his youth be- fore life had fairly be arAin for him. A loving father, aged in y >ars, and patriotic too, would not permit 1 he removal of his son's remains, and he \ as buried where he fell. Over on Rci o Hill there are numerous evidences sti 1 left of the des- perate struggle for existence made by tho pale faces against, th.ir savage foes. Shells may be picked up almost anywhere, animal bones lie scatter* d here and there, the rifle pits still ^reserv e their formation and tho line of skirmish works, where each captain hcMd at bay tho savage hordes, is plainly marki d. Between tho slope of two hilhl was tl ie hospital where Dr. Porter had his ban ds full from tho time they were cooped ip until relieved by Terry. The animals were collected in this hpot and the hollow is, at the present writing, covered with tl e bones or horses and mules that never go. out of the trap alive. \An eel can live out of water for at least eighteen days.\ A Kentucky Colonel can live without Water for a whole life- time. —Kentucky State Journal. A Mean Advantage. \Ithink I've got rather the husband in E>ctroit,\ exclaimed a woman on tho car the other day. iHer friend asked her to. explain, she continued: l - VI found that he was smoking fifty cents' worth of cigars per day, and I got him to agree to give me as much pin- money per week as the cigars cost. He stuck to it one week.\ \ \And then what?\ \He bought him a clay pipe and a pound of ten-cent smoking tobacco, and my income is cut down 1 to two cents a week!\— Free Pres*. The Picture of Impudence. \ Miss, may I dare invite myself to be- come your escort f\ \Thanks I await my friend.\ \Permit me then, gracious lady, 'to. )ielp you wait.\ ^Fliegerrfe BlaeUer. TEMPERANCE, f A TEREIBLE_ CALAMITY. Th© Little Temperance Soldier.' I am a little soldibr, Tho' but a few Vears old; I mean to fight tdt temperance, And be both brive aud bold; I know how sttonk the foe is, How many he las slain, Yet still I'll be a Soldier, i And fight with might and main. I've heard of other soldiers. Much younger too, than I. Who overcome the drunkard, Then why should I not trvf I know that God will help me, For'tis a holy cause; And all who don't keep sober, \c Are trampling on his law* I now can do but little. Yet though I'm not a man, TH try to do for temperance The greatest good I can. , If God will give me courage, In all I do or say, I Then I, with my companions, Will win the glorious day. \ Come, then, my fellow soldiers! And march along with me; Though long and fierce the battlo, We shall victorious be. And soon the tempVanee army, With banners all unfurled, Will go through every country * And conquer all the world! — )out/t'« Temj^erance Banner. Pleasant for Beer Drinkers. Dr. E. H. Barttey, chemist to tho Ilrooklyn Health Department, has recently made some discoveries which it will not bo pleasant for beer drinkers to contemplate. His examina- tions of different kinds of bottle^ beer, in- cluding some of the Western beers, show that they contain talicylic acid. The Medical Record states that the amount of thw acid required to preserve tieer is at>out twelve or fifteen grains per gallon, and it adds that 'salicylic acid, if taken continuously, t 'lids to injure digestion and irritate the kidneys.\ The employment of this drug in the preserva- tion of diiferent articles of food and drink has increased so'much in Paris that the r rench Government has already twice taken action in the matter. The Saloon's Klmlrccl.Kvil*. The saloon element does not stand as only a representative of intemperance in strong drink, but it is representative of immorality and crime. A temperance movement directed solely againxt the saloon will fall short of accomplishing the desired aim. Thero are kindred evd« that must I* removed—evil* that support the saloon and with a subtler, though no lesrf strong influence, enter places acoonled respectability, and are thus shielded from Impeachment or proU»t. Immorality, in whatever gnrb of respecta- bility it may beoJothed, and the more con- cealed tho worse, is an evil forming the l>e>i* on which every saloon is establislted. There is a subtle influence pervading the entiro social fabric which, at least tacitly, favors th© saloon because both are ioinoi in im- morality, each supplementing the other. The temperance movement lia*ibeen a blessing, yet it is not broad onough. It should bo a mora | movement, bent on remevlng the social disorders which underlie the saloon. These are the fields from which tbt salmons grow as •Train. The romorai of the saloon will not remove them, but their destruction • will be -the destruction of every vestlgo of intemperance. It is in this social substrata that the whisky interest is eMrenohingitoelf. Placing ts faith in this, it \SM moved along in tho lino of consolidation and organisation, re- sulting in a national union, a kind of civil or SMltieal compact, presenting to existing par- es the support of i u voting and financial strength, As a political factor its strength is becoming most alarming, and tin tendency of political parties to court ite support by heading its dictates is humiliating and dis- heartening. Members of both prominent parties havo endured much hoping for favor, able action by thoir resjioctlve organizations; but a fooling of disappointment is clearly dis- cernible, and tlio indications point strongly toward a general breaking away of the moral olemonts of both parties, and the formation of a new power that will embrace the reform- atory measures demanded. Either politi- cal party has the opportunity of gaining this support, and the party that will embrace the reforms * ill receive a stronger aid than can be given by the saloon, for the moral-element predominates. But the reform must be radi- cal and deep. It must reach beyond the sa- loon, and destroy the power behind the throne. —Chicago Current. National W. C. T. U. Bulletin. Dr. Newmsn. pastor of tho Metropolitan church, at Washington D, C, recently organ- ised a Youths Temperance Society in his con- gregation. The memb?^ of the W. C. T. U. and other philanthropic women of Duluth, Minn, are about to establish a \Home for needy women and children.\ By an amendment recently adopted, the Maine Jaw makes tho hoi ling of a United States tax receipt prima facie ovidonce of liquor selling. Mrs. Liura Berry, a prominent momber of the De* Moines (Iowa) W. C. T. U., has re- moved to Chicago, to take a position on the staff of the Lever. The recent World's Graad Lodge of Good Templars endorsed the petition of the World's W. C. T. U., which calls Hor the universal outlawing of the drink and opium trade; also adoped tne white cross movement as a method of work. Tho W. C. T. U. of Cleveland has been in- vited by the Common Council of that city to name two ladies who shall act as janitor aniL matron at the Central Police Station. TM? action ought to extend to every city and large town in the United States. For the first time in the history of Iowa, Fort Madison Penitentiary is short of a suffi- cient number of convicts to' enable it to fill contracts made upon the basis of the usual supply. This and many similar instances go to prove that prohibition doe» decrease crime. Miss M. Louise Gr.nves of Springfield, Masg., and Miss Poo'e, daughter of Librarian W. F. Poole, of Chicago, and both graduates of Wellesley College, sailed the twent v-flfth of Juno as missionaries to Japan. They are both earnest white riblwn women, and have gone forth thprorghly furnished with all the plans and literature from the W. C. T. U. now being so well established in Japan since the visit of Mrs. Leavitt. The highest honors of the -Wennial Inter- national Sunday-echopl Convention were this year bestowed on three leading temperance men. Mr. Ira H. Evans, of Texas was its tomporary chairman; he had much to do in securing the quarterly temperance lesson in the International course, a measure steadily urged by the W. Q T. U. General C.< B. Fisk, whe presided;until the arrival of Mr. Evans, stands in tno fore-front of the tern- [ Jttle, andlWm. Reynolds, of Peoria, I unanimously elected permanent ' is at the head of a movement in his part of the Stale. I Mrs. Leavitt writes from Bangkok, Siam, | that the had an audience with tne Kingof 1 Siam, going before him with a parcel of W. C. T. U. documents, and copies of the f/nioa Sigml, all tjied with a white ribbon, . entering the place between two rows of guards and meeting a handsome, smiling gentleman, to whom Mr*. Leavitt, re- calling! the manner taught her in her New England childhood, courtesied I three times, alter which the King took her by the hand and led her to a seat, the King evincing much interest in Mrs. Leavitt's ac- 1twenty-s.x count of the World's W. C. T. U., which, as ! he understands English, was not given through an interpreter. Mrs. Levitt alro writes: \Dear Reverend Missionary Board: j Pray do not send oat any more wine-bibbing, ' cigar-smoking missionaries; there is bad ex- j ample enough in all these lands from the un- g odly men of Christian lands who are in overnmen employ] and engaged in business. Let Christian missionaries be so free from all these things thai no poor soul or body can b9 injured^ by following their example.\ perance who was President. THE human hair varies in thickness from 1.250 to 1.600 of an inch. Blonde hair is the finest, and red hair the coarsest. A German investigator finds that in four heads of hair of equal weight, the red one I contains about 90,000 hairs, the bladk, 10-3,000, the brown 1OV.0OO, and the blonde 140,000, .* *, V Forty Houaca nnd Two Hotels Sink v Into a 8wins Lake. The beautiful town of Zug, nestled at the foot of the towering Zugerberg, on the shores of Lake Zugorsee, in Switzerland, was visited by a terrible calamity tho other night, result- ing in the loss of * more than ono hundrel livpa. Without warning and almost simultaneously several large quays recent- ly built in'.o the lake, and upon which had been erected tlio Hotel Zurich, a handaosoe four-story structure, and' an inn and some forty dwellings, silently sank with great rapiditjy into tho water. Not a vestige was left of the great structures except such furniture and framework as floated from the general wr«.«ck. Tae horror of thd 8<?ene was grewtlv heightened by the oppres- sive silence when the waters C1<MO;1 over all. The cries of the few victims who were a wake were hushed in a moment, and those who witnessed the awful sight were too dazed by thf strange i»henomenon to utter a sound. The Hot-el Zurich was full of visitors and the inn was crowded also, and many entire families were in the private houses. It was dark when the accident occurred and many undoubtedly were ingulfed while they slept. Among those known to have been lost it M. Collin, President of the Canton of Zug. People came flocking in from neighboring cities to learn the fate of relatives aud friends, but all stood helpless on the shore wring- ing their handn A few bodies came to the surface, but the majority were held down by bem« pinned in the wreck. <«en from the s.lk and cottgn mills and from the tan- neries offered their services, and active steps were tak«-n to recover the bo lies. Fully half the now quays have vanished, and it is not probable that they cane\*er bo rebuilt,as there is no certainty that the foundations will be secure enough. Prople moved precipitately from the houtes on the.otlierquavs ana sought homes farther back froni the lake. Great terror seized the inhabitants because of the mysterious accident. Home ascribe it to eai-thquaka causes, while others believe it is but a kind of a landslide on the mountain side' which was cau>se I by tho action of the lake. One of the most striking incidents of the terrible, disaster wns the discovery at dav- light of a cradle floating on the lake several hundred feet from the shoro. Several boat- men put off to aucureit, but what was their surprise on rowing alongside to find a babe sleeping peacefully. Whether the cradle was push'jd froiu a window ini one of the doomed houses or was accidentally released from the wreckage will never be known. The little child was uninjured. The scene, on »hoiv among the matrons who hid gathered there to ,jo;n in the general lamenta- tion was jMiLhctic, eaeh woman in turn gating wistfully into the little face in the ef- fort to identify it. The people of the whole town were on the lake shore all day, and Work in the factories and homos was neg- lected. * The town of Zug has a population of 4 277. There is a gymnasium and public library,and the inhabitants are eng>u;ed in fishing, cattie- raUliiK*, iu tanning and in silk and cotton spinning. The lake on which it is situated is nine miles long and two to three mill* broad. The ZugorU»rg towers from the cast shore of the lake to a height of ;j,'.2ol feet. The Canton or Htate iu which it is situated is Zug. It is the smallest State of the Swiss Confederation, nnl is surrounded by the eantons of Sehuiti, Unterwalden, Lu- serne, Aargau and Zurich. It has a pojnilation of i£J,77\ and an area of ninety-two square miles. The town of Zug is fifty-two milos northe)mt of Berns, and the lake is 1,301 feat above the level ot the sea. S ie town is about seventy-five miles south of e southern boundary Une of Germany. AN OIL TOWN IN ASHES. Twcnt Acr©* Burned Over, and 1.200 People Homeless. Clarendon, Penn., in tho upper oil country, on the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, has been almost wiped out by fire. Tho name* broke out simultaneously in the Weaver Hotel and in Brown Brothers' planing mill. The meagre water supply gave out, and the people became horrified as theV realized their helpluasneae. w Appeals for help were immediately sent to Warren and the surrounding country. When the Warren fire department responded it was discovered that the hose was not brought along. While this oversight was being remedied the flame* had encroached upon the pumping station and the water works were burned. A stream which ran near the station was sought, but it gave only a meagre supply. The air was so t ull of flames an 1 heat that a numl>er of oil tanks in the upper part of the town exploded. The Are then filled the streets and wound its serpentine course under the buildings in all directions. Men whose chocks were blanched with terror ran liither and thither for their families and children. High above the roaring of the flames wero to be heard the cries of thoes who wei-e looking for loved ones. Fortunately they had all instinctively sought the hillside, and but one person was burned. That was a man employed at Munn A Co.'s feed store. He was burned to death in the bam. The telegraph and telephone offices were burned in the early stage* of the conflagra- tion. This left the people without any means of gOmnDunicating with the outside world. Several trains of oil cars coining east were stopped beyond the town. Twelve hundred people on the hillsides and in the vacant lots were in almost pitiable condition in the morning. THey bad neither money nor food and many of them but little clothing. The people of W arren loaded a train on the 1 hiladelpbia and Krit? Railroad with provisions and sent it to Clarendon at an early hour. All day the outgoing trains from Clarendon were densely crowded with the sufferers, who were -going to seek the hospitality of relatives ana friends, many of them having lost all they had in the world. The buildings destroyed were about 1W0 in number, and covered an area of twenty acres. The total pecuniary losses are placed at from $3D0,U00 to SSUO.lKH). t _ MUSICAL AND DEAMATIO. 1 CHRXSTiine NILSSON has been engaged defi- nitely for an American tour by Mr. Abbey. Pern's seventeenth farewell Sour in the United States will not begin until winter. M. GOUTNOD'S \Joan of Arc\ masSfli to be, first sung in the cathedral at Rheifns next month. CHARLOTTB WOLTIR, the famous tragedi- enne of Vienna, is making ready lor a tour in America. MRS. LA.KQTRT helped the American eagle to scream on the Fourth by reciting a patri- otic poem m San Francisco. MRS. TOM THUMB and her second husband , will make a tour around the world, under the matna^ement of Me^sra. Simmoads& brovra. NICHOLAS CROUCH, of Baltimore, Md., has bjen made a member of the London iSociety ot arts. Ho is the author of \Kathleen Ma^ vourneeu.\ \\\\ COMMODORE NUTT, ' V who rivaled Tom Thumb as a dwarf some years ago, is selling tickets for a dims museum in Boston. He is gjray haired. j u THE AMBER HEART*' which was tried in London receatly iaU^d as a play, even tbou&u it had Mitts Terry in the coite, and is said to bj a very pretty fable. AN Italian paper calls attention to the fact thjtt, notwithstanding the flourishing condi- tio :i of muno fa G arm xny anl Austria, only ue*% opara, au 1 operettas wei>» mide koown to thjsd Empiros during the year Ui'i. whib thtrty-ninj ware brought; forth m Italv. IT is sail that few debutantes have made a nore d?Cid ad success in London than M ss Amelia Groll, of Cleveland, Oaio. When she ippaarel at Drury Line receatly a< Mur- juerite in Gouu'xi s \ Faust,\ sh) cir/iei the vudieao by storm. She has a mazso-soprano foice of great volume, notably strong in toe lpper register. DAN RICE, a keeper of the tiger's cage in a circus, while attending to a tiger at Kansas City .caught his arm in the bars, anl before he could extricate it one of the animals seined it and tore it from its socket, an i thea clawed the unfortunate man's eye out. THE grassboppsr pl*»gtie is giving teridns trouble in Algeria t'>:s y a \ The effofts made to d***troy fie e^g.-i have proved useless. In one district .VJ.0X) gailo.w hare be-.*n col- lected and bnrnd. This represent* the de- struction of 7,350.000, >00 uisvcU

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