PUBLISHED EVERY 8ATURD -AT- Ht. REGIS FALLS, FHANKUN COUNTT, N. T, TERM8-$1.00 PEE TEAS, STRICTLY IN ADVAHC1. •hottfd fee •£ V All Ittttrs tnd cesaissnlcatleiii Irestta to A. ROWELL, Editor and Publisher, m.Brgtt Fall*, JV. 1'. vqL, ST. REGIS FAXLS,' N. Y., SATURDAY, MAY 28, 1887. NO. 12. ^dirmtdaxtt %tws JOB PRINTING SCCBAf Card*, Lettvr-lie&ds, Kof-HeaJU, BlU-lt—ds, , 0fatofft#nU, JtnittUjMa, HandsttU, rmtter; KtATLT Alft) PBOMFTLT JXKWT1D AT TEX LOWEST LIVING PKIC1S FOR CASH. ft** «f the M*l ts« sassf. .V--— -i tHE THREE RULERS. I saw a Ruler tako his stand, And tramplo on a mighty land.- The Peoplo crouched before his bsck His iron heel was on their neck; Ills nanio shono bright through blood an&pain, His sword flasliod back their praiso ag^in. 1 saw another Ruler rlsth,. His word* were noble, good, and wise With the calm sccptro of his pon Ho ruled the minds and thoughts of mbn. Some scoffed,some praised; while man] heard Only a few obeyed his word., Another Rulor then I saw, I/ive and sweet Pity were his law; The greatest and tho least had part > (Yet most tho unhappy) in his heart. The People/\in a mighty band, L Rose up, and drove him from thb land. — Adilaipe Proctor. . ^TSE pvfsOHo£AR. \A cow-boy, Mr. Dean!\ \A genuine cow-boy, Miss Allen.\ . The teacher frowned, and the superin- tendent smiled; then she broke into a suppressed laugh > and he looked per- plexed. t \Why did you bring him to me! What in the world shall 1 do with him?\ \What Khali I do with him?\ asked the tall gentleman, helplessly, \He is with- in the school age -nineteen, he says.\ \He looks older.\ \Yes; you must allow for sun and wind and rough living. Ho intends to live a year in this town, and he wants to go to school. I must put him somewhere, i 1 can't buy a cage for him, and label him 'Specimen from the Wild West.'\ \1 fhould almost think you might. What is the nativo locality of the 'speci- men 1 ?' \He says,\ replied Mr. Dean, deliber- ately, \that his last range was between Crazy Woman' Crock and Bad-Water Slough.\ * f \Oh dear! But how and why and when did he get into civilization?\ \I have no idea.\ v , « \He is so large and so oldffor a primary school ?\/ \He is very ignorant. Tie cannot pos- sibly do the work of a higher grade. I brought him to yo\^ because ho needs ft very good teacher. Miss Allen was really troubled. The Superintendent's little compliment failed to dear away the clouds. They had been talking in low toncs,\a\ they paced the hall, and now they paused at the open school-room door. J It was a very pretty school-room, Tllerc were pictures on the walls, flowers in tho windows, vases and an embroidered table-; spread on the teacher's desk. Tho chil- dren wcro neat and clean. There was an atmosphere of order and of dainty tidi- ness about the place, and tho placo suited well with tho young and pretty teacher. Rut this morning, looming up behind the rows of little girls in trim black stockings and short frocks; behind,, the little boys in scarlet hose add knickcr- bockcr — hopelessly big, untrained and out of place, sat the new scholar. Iu his way, ho was neither ugly nor awkVnrd. Ho wore a flannel shut with a red silk neck handkerchief, and he held in his hand his huge light sombrero, ornamented with a wide imnd of red leather, and with a gilt cord; but the rest of his dress was subdued to tho standard of Eastern civilization. . Ilia complexion showed that clear, bright) red which marks tho puro sunshine of tho plains. This, and his light hair quit cow-punching, and turn sod-pcltcr.\ All this was not very encouraging to hiu teacher.! It was plain that Jim in- tended to stay tho wholo long year, and it was only too plain that ho did not care for an education, and 'thought of the schooling only as a disagreeable stepping- stone to the team arid bunch of cattle. . On tho other hand, I am afraid that Miss Allen knew and; cared as little about stock-raising in the West as Jim did about spelling and grammar. Beside, she had no idea that a \sod-pcltcr\ mjeant a farmer, and she had a shadowy notion that Jim meant to devoto the remainder of his existence to throwing clods of grass, like tho old man in the spelling- book. The days\ of that wcclc passed rather slowly for Miss Allen. She tried hard to accept Jim's presence in a missionary spirit, but, in truth, he was a perpetual trial to her order-loving, sympathetic soul. Ho! was not bad, but horwas so big! He seemed to try to do right, but he was soJutterly untrained in the ways of the school room that every potion was a blunder. And yet,* in his own Sphere, Jim had a skill they never dreamed of. His grace and accuracy with horse and gun and lariat would have been a marvel to any man in that citv. Perhaps he felt his present inferiority even more than his teacher did. Perhaps the days were wearily long to him, and the year seemed endless in prospect. \ Miss Allen had planned a school picnic for Saturday, alnd on Friday the children were full of excitement about it. One of them tjold her, that Jim wasn't going. At tirst s^io was rather relieved to hear it, but when she ontercd tjic school-room she was touched by the homesick look on tho boy's facp. \Jamejs said she, kindly, \I am afraid, our life here does not seem quite natural to you.\ I \I'm (afraid not,\ answered James, dryly; and then added, with a burst of confidence: \Why Miss Allen, in all this week I haint seen nor hertrd but just one thing that seemed natural to me, and that was .the story you was* a-rt&djn' us about that old ranchman that pastured on the Government land.\ \What!\ cried iiis teacher, in lilank astonishment. , \That had such a big bunch of sons, you know; and they was his cowboys.\ \But I haven't read any such story,\ said Miss Allen. \Why yos. don't you remember?\ said Jim. \And one day, when they was off ort the range, the old man sent the little kid out from the home ranch to look 'cm up, anf! find out how they was.\ , \No said tho young lady; 44 I never read you ft story like that.\ \Perhaps you don't Remember,\ said Jim, \but I do, becauso it seemed natur- al. And the kid went on,and got where he thought they was; and ho found they ha4 moved tho wholo bunch on to anotlJ- cr range. And when he did find them, they chucked the little kid into a big washout, and then pulled him out and sold him'; to tho Indians.\ \JamfsJ\ . ''That'siwhttt y,ou said,\ continued Jim, respectful'but positive. \I don't remember what tho book called 'cm, but you said they was the samo as the A raps in tho geography. That's what we call tho, Arapahoe8.\ • \Tho Arabs 1\ exclaimed Miss Allen. \It is possible that you mean the story of Joseph and his brethren?\ \That's it!\ answered Jim. \I couldn't think of the name. Poor little kid! We wouldn't treat no little kid that way. great plains. This, and his light hair That part wasn't natural.\ and keen blue eyes, broad-shoulders, and , -M-hs Atlen did not know how exactly lean, muscular fiamcy, would have made-the present life on the grqat plains is rep- hira an exceedingly picturosquo \subject\ resented by some passages of tho Old Gray's Park for an artist; but—in a nrjfmary school \I am positively afraid of him!\ said Miss Allen. \What if he should take it into his head to scalp us all!\ \Send fqr me at tlic tirst flourish of 4hc tomahawk,\ said Mr. Dean, with a laugh. \But honestly, I have no doubt that he carries pistols. Cowboys always do, they say.\ \I believe so. I will look into that matter. Kow,gloriously,\ and his faco became gravef \I know what, a hand thiiig I have givon^you to do, but it is In the line of plain duty to do it well. TWsf joung man may be here to make trouble.. In that case we shall very so m know JJSJT aud I promise you that his career shall be khort. But it is possible that he comes to study and because he would ltko to make something of himself. If ho^wants ' a chance, it is our business, as public school teachers, to sec thai ho has it.\ \He shall have his Jbhanrc, if lean help him,\ said the teacher, earnestly. \I am sure of that. And how for the pistol.. James! James Ferguson! Como here*, please. Have you firearms about you?\ he asked, abruptly, thinkiug to take the boy by surprise, and so get at'li «*tho country.\ the truth. ^ J|im, who had a tolerably keen sense of thcJltnoss of things, had no more idoa of taking his pistol to school than he had of pnieiiting himself with spurs, \cuirtand shapps.\ But every cow-boy feels hlrasoif^in duty bound to make an impression on a \tenderfoot\ whenever the \tenderfoot\ 4)iows himself ready to bo impressed. Jim's blue eyes twinkled, but he gravely felt in his pockets. \Thunder I\ sai<V he. \Taint here. I must have been rattled this mornin'. I can rustle around and got it fer you, and be back before general round up.\ \No ! no !\ cried the good gentleman, and explained what Jim knew perfectly well before, thai the pistol pnust not and could lint come back to school. He felt that ho had in some way blundered with tho bov, but fee did not know how. \ \What 'do vou.think of; tho school ?\ ho a-ked, kindly layiug one hand on the boy's hho-.ddiTN. | \Pretty slick littlo outfit !\ replied Jim. \Hem ! Well, .Tame\* I hope you will do well. I shall advance you as soon as you can do the work of a higher grade.\ AH Mr, Dean and Jim stood together, it was evident that the cow-boy was not very tall. Hut there WHS a bree/.ihVss. an out-of-door roominess, that Would have made him too large for aiiy space insids of four walls. .. It wns not long before Miss Allen knew from Jim himself why he was there. Slid was told how Jim's father had left the State when Jim was only a yearling, and how he was-a white kind of a man, but .couldn't seem to gather on to Awning. Ana first, Jim's mother had djBt and then his father, and loft him to rustle for himself. And he had done itj too, until now. Rut an uncle down East had just looked him up, and h«d offered to do something for him.. This uncle had promise^ Jim a good team and a little, ouncli of cattle if lie would\come here aud go to school a whole year.. \The very day school is out,\ Jim went on, \I shall start for, the West. When I'm of age I mean to get a claim, and put my stock on it. Then 111 be apt to ISslsf 3«: Testament. 8ho concluded to postpone tho matter of Biblical exegesis, and said, chcerf illy: \You will get used to us in time, hope, James.\ \I don't know,\ said Jim, rather dol fully. \When a fellow's been a maveri' long us I have, it comes rather rough be roundcdup and roped and branded* even if they (to put him into a nice little corral like this. And then, an old ranger like mo hates to trot along with the calves.\ v , Miss Allen did not understand this spcoch very well, but sho felt that her tjnew pupil was homesick and lonely, and, like the good little woman that sho was, she spoke so kiudly that her simple words went straight to the boy's heart. He replied only \thank you,\ but \sho was astonished to see that the tears flashed into his eyes as he spoke. t? With a new interest in him, she saftl, sincerely and cordially: \I hope you will ga to the picnic to-morow, James. Yoti'will like to seo* something of the country, I think.\ \I'll como if you want me,\ fcaid Jim. could hardly be called To bo sure, it was a wild and picturcique little spot, but after all there wcro only ft fow acres of land, setoff by the citjr for public recreation. The river runs I y Gray's Park, playing with pebbles and trailing willow- branehes like a ^>caccful country river; but a little farther down the stream it 1 >lungcs with a mighty bustle and roar of msiness down ft great dam. Here arc clustered the city mills, and in the quietest part of Gray's Park you can hear the whir-r-r of machinery mingled with the noises of the streets. The picnic was like other school-pic- nics. Tho children ran and shouted, brought Miss Allen a wonderful collec- tion of flowers nnd leaves and pebbles, ate too much dinner, got their feet wet, and found a mud-turtle. It was almost time to go home.. Miss Allen hod repacked tho lunch baskets, and Jim hau taken down tho swing, though ho climbed,- rather awkwardly, and declared that ho \felt like a tender- foot in a tree.\ 1 Ho lay by the water's edsc, roiling tho rope upon his left arm, ana hjandling it rather wistfully. Jim could do wonder- ful things with a rope. If ho had Won alone he would have tried a few of his old throws, although he might have found it rather tamo practice, on foot, instead of o^ horsback, and with an oil stump for a Aargct, instead of a gallop- ing stoer. Miss Allen sat near him, on a rustic seat made of a twisted hemlock4rce. Jim had come to like his teacher, and to want to plcaso her, and ho knew that his cowboy accomplishments made her rather uneasy. In fact, the young lady thought of the plainsman's lifo as an acted sensation novel. \This is a pretty place, isn't itr\ she said. I \Yes answered Jim, rather doubt- fully; \but it seems shut in, sort of. There ain't no stirring in these parts, and the trees is in the way a good deal. You can't see much.\ \But the rocks and the river, you like them, do you not?\ \I don't like the river much, either; I'm afraid of thevwater.\ \Bat I thought you were afraid of nothing!\ \I don't 1 kb the water, though,\ said Jim. \I never could see the uso of as much as you Eastern folks havo lyin' about. You \ could't hire mo to get into a boat.\ ( \I should not trjrijust here,\ replied tho lady, smiling. \ It looks quiet, but the current is very dangerous. Just a little further down, they say that no man could manage a boat.\ < \Would he go ovc? tho; dam?\ he asked. \Yes and bo dashed to pieces on the rocks beneath. Tnis is not a good boat- ing river. There Js a stretch of a mile or so, above this, where small craft can go, aud a few of tho gentlemen who own theso houses keep little pleasure-boats. But above that tho channel | is too shallow, and below it ia dangerous.\ \It don't seem a very good place for tho kids,\ mused Jim. \For the children, JaWes.\ 41 For the children. If you had 'em out on the prairie, theyfd be safer.\ \Why exclaimed Miss Allen, \I wouldn't trust myself onl the prairie, to say nothing of the children! They say thqrc are rattlesnakes these.\ \Yes admitted Jim, \th(?rVis some rattlesmakcs. But it's,'safer than this, I think.\ WhilG these two had been working and talking, something had happened that, beyoud all quest on, never should have happened at all. The children knew better than to get into any boat without permission, and in this case they knew, too, that they were meddling with private property. Nevertheless, when nj party of little boys and girls, wandering up the bank, camo upon a Dcautiful grecn-and-white boat snugly hidden in a tiny covo where no boat had ever been before, then all tho trouble began. , First they stopped' to examine and admire; and then *wo littlo boys jumped*, in, and began to rock from side to side, and to tell how they dared ride away down to tho mill-dam in her; and next two little, girls thought they would get in, too, if the boys wouldn't rock; an<l the boys promised, with a sarcastic side-speech about girls and 'fraid-cats; and soon all four wcro seated on tho pretty grcen-and-whito benches. Then, in some way ( tho boat got adrift. Perhaps tho boat wa> only drawn upon the sand, and tho racking pushed it off. Perhaps some mischievous boy untied the rope. At all events, it was caught by the current, and began to glide down tho treacherous stream. # When Miss Allep heard tho screams, and looked from tho frantic group on the shore to tho tiny boat out on the river, .her very.hoart soemod to stand still. To stay so near, and safe and well, yet utter- ly powerless, while thoso children in her care sped on to death! Her senses swam. Tho sunny sparkles on the river shono in her eyes like blcctric flashes. Sho seemed to sec, already, tho little faces, cold and dead, and,tho limbs all crushed and mangled, and spo heard the reproach- ful cries of their parents. And Jim—who might, at least, have run swiftly and given the alarm—what was Jim doing? Nothing. Or next to nothing; so it seemed. Ho did not cvui rise at first. One glance up tho river with his keen blue eyes, and ho went on working at his rope, lie was mkking ft loop of on end. lie did not sccjtn toliurry, but ho wasted no motion. I ' • Holding tho loop in his right hand, w^iile the coils still hung upon' his left arm, ho waded through the shallow shore water to tho edge of the deeper channel. His quick glance seemed to take in every- thing, tho current, tho river-bottom, and tho banks. Even the light wind from tho west was tested an instant, with his upheld hand. Thero was no jhurry, no flutter, but every ncrvo was awake, and very muscle true to call. The boat was moving faster now. She ptivercd and thrilled with tho strong and dangerous current. She has floated past. > ] No! Look I; With one supple motion, Jim has thrown his loop. It speeds through tho air like i live thing, and falls, truo to aim, just where the frightened children cin grasp it best. Quick as thought, Jim moves with the boat, managing tm\rope so that it shall not tighten to soon. Above the medley of sounds rises his clour, 'ringing voice, nnd they hear and obey his rapid direc- tions. \Pass tho rope the long way of tho boat! Every one take hold! Now- bold fast.\ • - — ' Thcf do hold fast. Eight little hands, with the strength of desperation, clutch the rope. With a long, steady, even pull, Jim heads the boat for the shore, and grounds it on tho shallows. Here my story might end, if Jim had known how to wade in a pebbly-bottom river. But as he la d hold, \of the prow, and pulled with all his strength to draw it further up, his foot slipped among^tho smooth, water-worn stones, and ho fell heavily, and struck his head upon a sharp rock. And when, at last, somo mea camo running to help, they found the children safo on shore, but Jim lay senseless In the shallow, whilo Miss Allen, with her pretty dross all soaked and clinging, held his head out of tho water. Of course, J£m was flic horo ok the day. Ho professed great chagrin becauso he was \fool enough to hurt himself,\ but he was no loss a hero becauso ho spent a few days in a sick-room. Then the fathers of the rescued children mot In solemn coftchoio to decide what they should' do for Jim. There was talk of a subscription and a presentation, but good sense and good taste prevailed, and they decided to offer him nothing ex- cept their heartffclt thanks; but to keep the boy in sight,and when the timo came, to do hint substantial service. I think that when Jim gets ready to settle on his claim, he will have as liberal a personal outfit as any young \sod- pcltcr\ need desire, But the mothers could 4ot wait so long before they testified their gratitude, and Jim declares that before ho loft his room ho had dressing-gowns and slippers enough to fit Out all the Boston dudes east of the Mississippi. Long before tho doctor had thought it possible, Jim was back in tho school-room, very pale ohd thin, though, and with a long rod s£ar down ono cheek. ' \I guess I got branded for keeps, that time,\ says Jim.— Touth y $ Companion* Tho process is revived of applying strips of adhesivo plasters along the mar- gin of wounds, ana by drawing the edges of the wound in apposition pass the su- tures through the plaster only, j thus avoiding the pits' ana creases left m the skin when the sutures are passed through tho skfn itself. The edge of the plaster along the margin of the wound should b\ folded. upon itself, so as to Kepp the blaster from the taw outface. ABOUT SNAKKS. (THE PRINCIPAL AMERICAN VA- RIETUR Di:»CJ^IIMl!>. Vonomofin nnd IlnrmlrN* Snnkos— Gras» Hnake and Rluck The Copperhead unci Mouth —The RatllcMtRkt Hnake— Cotton 5.' * According to most naturalists there are about 1,000/ species of snnkos in the world. In North America, principally in the United MtatcHtnnd Mexico, f U'l of these species ore found. Of these twenty- two oniy arc venomous. There are differ- ent varietiesof the nttlesnako, coral snake, and copperhead family. The moreasin snake of the South and Southwest, which, is also called the copon mouth and w'at^f moccasin, is a near relative of the cop- perhead. The greatest number of. poi- sonous snakes occurring in any one region in the United States aro in Arizona and New Mexico. The species of venomous snakes, therefore number riidy about one- sixth of 1 the s whole number of varieties contained in the Vomitry. In the States north of the sou t nil no v't the central tier only three speciesW poisouoiH snnkes arc found. These are the seale-hoa led rattlesnake, the plate-headed rattlesnake, au/1 the copperhead. In the South the } >oi«?onou's. sorts are more plentiful. Tho iarmles8 snakes, which comprise 110 of the 13$ kinds inhabiting the country, are found in every State and Territory. . Hcrpotologists usually divide snakes into five subordinate groups, thus: Bur-, rowing, ground, tree, fresh water and VENOMOUS SNAKE. NO.V-VKNOMOrS RNAKE. (Copperhead.) (Headed Snake.) 8ca8nakcs. These names suggest their peculiarities with s'lflicicnt clearness. The snake moves by the aid of the curved scales with wlrch he is alwnd- antly supplied, acting in conjunction with the rioS. Those scales and ribs are thrust forward, and, catching on rough surfaces, enable the reptile to move, sometimes with considerable rapidity. The movement, however, is lateral and sinuous, never vertical or by an up-and- down twist of the body. The latter stylo of locomotion, however, is the one which Is usually pictured in the illustrated papers whenever an attempt is made to show how a snake travels. ^ Venomous snakes can usually be dis- tinguished a< a glance from those that are harmless. There is a marked differ- ence ifT external appearance between the two varieties. Tho venomous ones havo hard scales, with head and body flattened to a considerable degree, the neck, wfyen contrasted with tho other portions, ap- pearing to be narrow. In the harmless snakes, head and body, as well as peck, are cylindrical, and the scales arc com- paratively small. Tho tongue in the t>oisonou8 reptile is longer, and the teeth arger than in tho non-poisonous. The venomous species sometimes retreat when confronted oy man, although they always have a moro or less ferocious appearance The harmless ones always get out of the way as quickly as possible when a man is encountered. Theso* distinguishing marks will hold good generally through- out the world. It is important to bear them in mind. THE GRASS BNAKR. The common ringed or grass snake is familiar all over the worlcf. It is per- fectly harmless. No more serious injury would result from the bite of the grass snake—which, in some of.its varieties, is about the only reptile to be encountered in the woods and fields within fifty miles a/ any of the large Northern cities—than would ensue from the bito of a chicken. Nevertheless, its appearance outside of ft cage generally provokes.fear in most per- sons who may chance to be near i$ and ftlways excites disgust. There is about as much real cause for the ono emotion fts thero is for the other. For it is not only as gentle as a dove, and far more harmless than a kitten, but it is difficult to imagine how any created thing could have been more beautiful and graceful. It ranges in length, when full grown, frotn about 1$ tb 4 feet. The average length is about 2 feet 6 inches. It lives in woods, grass, and on, the edges of water courses. Its teeth are very small— so small, indeed, that they would hardly penetrate the skin of the human finger, THK QRAHS SNA*E. sity, if the reptile should close them upon it. Sometimes it takes to the water, in which clement it is at home. Insects and frogs are its principal food. Like all other snakes in the temperate zone, it hibernates in winter In logs or other shel- tered places. j Thfc color of tho most common varioty of srass snake is grayish green on tho back and sides, and lighter color on tlio belly. Along the back run two rowslof small dark spots, and a row of larger ahd oblong spots is stretched down each slue. The spots vary in shape and color on dif- ferent varieties. All sorts of grass snal.es aro exceedingly timid, and flee on the approach Of a child. The beaded sua to which is common in fields nnd roi.d nrough out the country, is equally bci.u- iful and innocent. THE BLACK SNAKE. The black snake is also well known 1n the United States, and, like the gnass snake, is harmless. [The average length of this reptile is about four feet, although specimens have been killed which meas- ured sixj feet. Racer is a name some- times given to it, because of the rapit ity with which it can go over the grounc or climb a tree. The antics of this species, especially during the breeding season, arc calculated to strike terror into the heart of any person unacquainted with its pow crlessness. It will shake the gras3 or the leaves of the branches of a tr^te, rnd fairly well imitate the whirring nois» of the rattlesnake. But there is no need of any. person being alarmed at this. Ji- like the common grass snake, however, the black spec in* have teeth sull'u iontly long to penetrate tho skin and inflict a moderately^overe wound, but poison is always ableilt. The black suakc I ke* the edges\ofPsti earns, ponds, or laker, although in the hot weather it is- often found basking in the sun. j Babbits and squirrels are a favorite articlje of diet with it, and its popular mode of I killing th,cse animals is by. coiling around them, as tho boas encircle the larger Animals, thus crushing<Hiem. It' preys lalsb on the smaller birds. The, color 6f this snake is blue-black on back and sides, aud slate color on the belly. jRpots on tho back and sides of a dullor [hue than the* THE BLACK BNAfcZ. general color of that porticin of the body arc found on some varieties. Ibscctsancl frogs arc followed by this reptile int6 holes in the ground and [n dead trees, while it ambushes the small birds and climbing animals in the j limbs qf trees and in shrubbery. The sides of oil houses have been known, too, to be scale i by it in search of prey. ! COrrEUHEAD AND COTTON-MOUTH. The copperhead and cqtton-mouth are among the venomous species of fcnakek and belong to tho same* family. Tile copperhead, which is sometimes locally called the \chunkhead\ and \deaf- adder,\ is found throughput the United States from the Atlnntic to the Allegheny Mountains. It is about three feet long when full'grown, with a thick bory, which is a light brown olr copper* color, including the head, hence the name. The head is flat and broad, as in all venomous Ferpents; the :eyes are huge and bright *nd the necH short. WJ en angry its appearance is ferocious in he extreme. It is more dreaded than he rattlesnake, from the fact that it attacks without warning. It will not attack \•\ • '\ \ ' / the sides and neck. A dark streak run* ilong the temples from the back of the tnouth into a large spot. * THE DOA CONSTRICTOR. •* The boa constrictor proper cannot be laid to be a native of tfcie United States, but stories arc told of anacemdoj—which arc a variety of this <;lass of serpents— Ixing found in New Mexico and Arizona. Tho boas arc ft very * numerous family, and all are natives of the tropical por- tions of America. Tho python and the Natal rock snakes, which are found in the tropics of the Old World, aie related to the* boas. All this family kill their prey by crushing it to death, after which they swallow it. None of the boas are venomous. There is a small,species of the boa on the Pacific slope of the United States. It is called the wenona, and rarely exceeds six or seven feet in length. The true boa is found in Mexico and the Central American States, as well as in South America. There are four species of ^his serpent. Its teeth are long and directed backward. The* }>rey is held in TEMPERANCE. Signs of Prosperity* Where spades grow brifchi And idle swords grow dull; < Where JaiU are empty, And where barns are full; Where field-paths are With frequent feet outworn, . IAW courtyards weedy, Silent, and forlorn; Where doctor* foot It, And where farmers ride; Where age abounds, . And youth is multiplied; Where poisonous drinks Are chased from every place; • Where opium's curse No longer leaves a trace- Where these signs are They clearly iudicate **<£_- A happy people ^\~ And a well-ruled state. —From the Chinfae. I A Woman's Statistics. \A Woman\ thus writes to the Fort Worth tTexash \Gazette: \My homeless friend, you say you have for years longed for the free, tjic teeth, while the serpent coils itself independent life of the farmer, but have Apidly around its victim, and then the, never be#n able to gftfuoughi money together ««„b« «i^,.,i„ !«.«. .„. ffl i„ «^~«»«««,«.- u to buy a farm. But that i* just where you snake slowly but surely compresses it are mistaken> For several years you have Large animals, like lions, tigers, and been drinking a good improved farm at the oxen are crushed in this way, their bones, rate of 100 square feet a gulp. Figiire it out yourself. An acre of land contains 4ll,5tiO square feet. Estimating land at $43.56 per acre, you will see that is jy«t. one mill per- sou re foot and one cent for ten square feet. Now, pour down the fiery dose and imagine you are swallowing a strawberry patch. Call in five of your friends and have them help 3'ou gulp down a 500-foot garden. Get on a prolonged spree and see how long it requires to swallow a pasture large enough to feed a cow—twenty cows.\ \Sin Against the Strength of Youth.\ Unletw ona. positively sees the thing done, the young Child's glass filled as a thing of course^ the father or the mother sitting by unconcernedly, or peradventure rather eager than otherwise that the child shall become acquainted With the Use of wines as a part of social custom and eminence—unless, we say, one sees it done, it is difficult to believe that TH« COPPERHEAD. ^ many other serpents, poisonous nnd other, it is often seen in tne sun in pleas- ant weather. The poison fangs aie in the upper jaw. Owing to the shorTness and tmckncsB'of its body its movements arc comparatively slow. It can not c| limb trees., j The cotton-mouth is found mostly in. the Southern States. Sometimes it nt- taini a length of four feet. It is not so \chunky\ as its copperhead cousin,j>ut is quicKer in its movements, and its bite is fully as dangerous. Many persons! have lost their lives from wounds givdn bw* these reptiles. It appears to bo morn courageous than tho copperhead, and is an object of dread in the region where it abounds. There is a kindred variety of snake also known in the South which is called by tho name of moccasin. Like the preceding one, it has a weakness for low grounds or swamps, and is often seen in the water, : / TI1E RATTJ'EBKAKE The rattler is the most venomous/)! all the reptiles found in the United ^atcs. Like tne copperhead and cot ton-mouth, it is a native of North • America., It is found all over the United States, l*ut is most plentiful in the Southwest, especi- ally New .Mexico and Arizona. • profes- sor Cope estimates that fiffeen species of the rattler arc known in this cpuntry. Those of New England differ from the varieties found in Virginia and ! North Carolina, aud each differs frcjm the Georgia and Florida kinds, while the varieties found in the Mississippi! Valley possess peculiarities distinct from those of the otner sections of the country. The «viperinc snakes, of which the puff ladder (not known .in the United States) is a variety, belongs to tho same family as the rattlesnake. . The rattlesnake derives its • name from the structure of its tail, which is made of segments of bone, somewhat loosely joined together. When the reptile rs about to advance and bite its victim its whole body swells and shrinks like a bel- lows, and its tail is switched around with swiftness and strength.. The motion of the tail cause, the segments of .bone, or \rattles as they arc popularly called, to strike against each other, This produces the dull, whirring sound which gives the reptile its name. When about to strike tho snake gathers itself in a coil, the 'THE BOA CONSTRICTOR. according to the testimony of hunters who v havc watched the process, being snapped like pipestcms. After the prey is dead the snake covers it with saliva, and then swallows it. The jaws and\ body of the serpent are capable of «uch dilation that oxen have been known to bo swallowed by these shakes. After such a meal as this the serpent lies in a condition of semi-torpidity for two or three weeks, and while in this state it is readly killed. Tlic true boa is one of the smallest of the snakes of that class, rarely, being found longer than twelve feet. The ana- conda, which is not often seen how north of Brazil, sometimes attains a length of about forty fecj. Tho pythons of the Old World tropics average from twenty- five to thirty feet in length. The Natal rock snake is a little more than half as large as this.— Qlobe-Dem'jcrat. The Sprinkler*! yictlms. AN INVITATION ^CCEPTEIT. The President mid Mrs. Cleveland to VUtt Su IJOUU in Kcptcmber. A delegation of leading citiztn* of St. Louis, headed by the Mayor, called at the White House on Monday and rxt-.Mided an in\ vitation to tho President aivl MM. Cleveland to visit tlie Western city next tail. The invitation was c<>ntnin-d in a large, elegantly bound book with carved wooden covers, the carvings representing the great bridge and the principal mumi<ij>al.build- ings of St. Louis. TlW clasp* and edges of the lxx>k Wero of solid silver bearing the initials \(». C.\ The invitation was beautifully engrossed on satin, and is signed by over 20,000 tjersons. Mayor Francis made a short address, in which he said that while the people of St. Louis would be glad anil honored to receive a visit from the President at any t une, it would -probably affiord them great pleasure if b.n could, arrange to be in St. Louis during the Grand Army Encampm**** %* K«rv . tember next. The couvtniU*«. h- aaid, de- sired to supplement the invfu*»ou erf tho Grand Armv men, but if theTresident could not come during their encampment thev would like him to come whenever he found it convenient and they would assure him a warm welcome. The President made a brief reply in which he said that while it wa$ absolutely im- possible to anticipate the efcuenciea of the public edrvice so far ahead is 8epteniber, he could not now see why he shpuld not visit St. Louis at the time indicated—about the\last of September. He aa^d therefore that he would take pleasure in accepting their kind invita- tion. The committee subsequently extended in- vitations to members of the Presidents Cabinet. THK HATTL1SXAKK. head and tail being raised high above tho folds, and\ the eyes flashing. At such moments its aspect is terrible enough to frighten ^he bravest person who is thus confronted for the first time. There arc two common mistakes con- nected with the rattler. One is that the reptile acquires a new rattle every year, and another is that it will follow up a person who retreats when it threatens to strike. The number of rattles depends principally on the size of tho serpent. The individual who falls back, whether in good order or otherwise) when he sees a rattlesnake about to strike, need fear no pnrsuit. Even if the reptile should follow, it could not go fast enough to overtake a man who walked briskly. ^ The venom of the rattler's bite varies) with the season and condition of the reptile. It is most to be feared in the hottest months, and when the snake is large and vigorous. Stimulants, among which are alcoholic liqnors, are most effective, The fatality attending rattlers' 1 bites, however, is not so high as popularly tup nosed. The luttlesriake is generally pale brown above. Dark brown bands are drawn icross the back, and a number of rotnd ipots of the »ame hue are* scattered along —Life. Satisfied. . Did you look under the bed?\ inquirfed a wife of her husband, after he had turned out the light nnd got fairly set- tled for it night's rest. \No was the blunt response. • 'Well, suppose there's a man there?\ said the aiaijned\ woman. ha don'-t-wnnt to see him if there; is,\ wns the answer. i \Well get up aud look; I shall not) let you rcAt until you do.\ He knew her of old, and after fum- bling around, (ound a match, l)t it and looked under the bed. Then he threw the match away, got into bed and whis- pered : \My dear, there is a man under the bed.\ V. 4< 6h, get out ! M was the quick response. '•You can't fool me. I know better.\ , Then she tinned over, perfectly satis- fied, and went fo sleep. She had ac- complished her objec t.--- Klmira tiOetite. According to or.e estimate, the orange industry of Florid* has increased -teft- fold in live ,vears. naaants so foolish and so short-sighted can be ln^ie world, or that Providence wt|l intrust to such the tender little souls and bodies that they are doing, even although unconsciously, their best to tarnish and destroy.— Harper's Bazar. •• Prohibition Doe§ Prohibit/ 1 According to the testimony of the Gover- nor of Iowa, it appears that Prohibition does offectually and satisfactorily prohibit in eighty out of the ninety-nine counties of that Btate, and is partially enfored in the sections expected from the general statement. This means that in the rural regions the practical abolition of the liquor traffic can be main- tained, bu% that in the cities and larger towns, nofably along the Mississippi River, the law is more or fees a dead letter. This seems to be the general experience with pro- hibitory legislation. It is the story that comes from .Kansas, Maine, and Rhode Isl- and, and was the experience of Michigan. In the latter State the result of the recent elec- tion seems to have brought about a general determination to revive the local option law, and this will result in confining the liquor c practically to lees thrfn a dozen coun- In Georgia, under a local option law, 0 out of 137 counties have declared for Pro- ibition, one of these being Fulton, in which tlanto. the largest city in the State, is situ- ated. The local option feature of the Illinois ] Icense law also works well, having resulted I n a large curtailment of the bar-room busi- ness in the country.— Philadelphia Tele- I iraph. It Does Not Pay. • It does not to have pay the mother and children of twi-nty families dressed in rags and starved into the semblance of emaciated scarecows, and living in hovels, in order that the saloon-koeperV wife may drew in satin. and her children grow fat and hearty, and live in a bay-window jjarlor It does not pay to have ten smart, intelligent boy* turned into hoodlums and thieves to enable one man to lead an easy life by selling them liquor. It does not pay, to give one man, for a trifle, a license to sell liquor, and then spend an enormous amount on the trial of Tim Mc- Laughlin for buying that liquor and then committing murder under its influence. It does not pay to have one thousand homes blasted, ruined, defiled and turned into hells or disorder and misery, in oi-der that one wholesale liquor dealer may amass a for- tune. It does not pay to keep six thousand men in the penitentiaries ana hospitals, and one thousand in the lunatic asylums, at the ex- pense of the honest, industrious taxpayers, in order that a few rich capitalists may grow richer by the manufacture of whisky. A saloon keeper sold a drinking man one pint of new rum, making fifteen cents clear piotit. The man under the influence of that pint of rum, killed his son-in-law; and his .apprehen- sion, confinement in jail, execution, etc.,cost the county more than one thousand dollars— which temperate men had to earn by the sweat of their brow. It does not pay! The loss sustained by society, morally and finan- cially, the sorrow and suffering, the misery and destitution, produced and augment* 1,- and jvhatis infinitely a greater consideration- than all else, the destruction of soul and body, the inevitable result of using and trafticing in intoxicating liquors—these all attest the truthfulness of the verdict— it does not pay! Reader, it does pay to lend a teiriperate life; to be an honest and upright citizen; to exert • a pure and holy influence upon mankind and to honor God by a righteous use of all. His gifts. We beseech you, then, for. your own souls sake, and for the sake of suffering hu- manity, \touch not, taste not, handle not, the unclean thing.''— Saratoga Eagle. Temperance Newa and Note*. The Danish temperance movement hat now an army of '35,000 total abstainers. Tea drinkers are increasing in England, while Uquor drinkers are decreasing. Governor Martin say* Kanxas would to4ay give 100,000 majority for prohibition if again submitted to the popular vote. Fifty two years ago Atkinson, N. H., abolished the grogsnop, and for the last ten years not a cent has be«n paid out for pauper support. Mr. John Tyler, son of President Tyler, has for the ninth time been elected grand worthy S utriarch of the Sons of Temperance of r tho tale of Virginia. # The latest estimates placed Belgium at the head of the lieer-drinking'countries of Ku- rope. The consumption per capita is six- tenths in excess of that of Germany. The sum of $?(K),000.(X)0 is spent annuity for nleohol by the 15,000,000 clrinkers of this country, and tho sum of *<iO0,oQ0, by the *,000,00U drinkers of Great Britain and Ireland. ^ ^ The great advance in the rum power during the last few years in Egypt is indicated in some reoent statistical reports from Calio. They show that in that city 4here are now often over 400 liquor saloons where a few years ago thero was notone. Lately a large number of ''temperance drinks\ were analyzed by the chemist of the Massachusetts Ktate Board of Health, and A according to Eastern papers,tho result showed not a single one free of alcohol. On the con- trary, one contained 44.4 of the intoxicant, several forty i*r cent.,and a large proportion more than twenty per cent. ^ The great spread, of intemperance In Switz- erland has led the Government to undertake the monopoly of the sale of spirits. It will raise the retail price, and from the annual profits of 12,000.000 it expect* to realize, it will devotlft 150.000 to be spent by the can- tons in efforts to repress the abuse of intoxi- cating drinks. The spectacle of a Govern- ment going into the liquor business would be a sad one were it not mitigated by the fact that it points out clearly that prohibitory legislation will be its natural sequence. —— ——•••Hfc— . FREIGHT on California wine from San Francisco to New York is now $4 per hundred pounds instead of 60 oents as formerly, and many of the epknrean wine-bibbers of tho East have fallen back upon the well-known champagne manufactured from the fragrant gooaer | 'perry of New Jersey. 1 . BAEBED WIRE FENCES, j er * J Calvary to Aid in Enforcing the? '. President's Proclamation. j The General Land Office lias found it neces- sary to resort to extreme measures and has , demanded of the War Department a troop of cavalry to move upon the barbed wire fence of the boundless West. Advices received in Washington from .Wyoming indicate that the great cattle companies are not heeding the President's Maneh prt>clarnation agaiiNt il legal fencing of the public domain, and abso- lutely refuse to remove the entaugling en- vironment of tlieir herds. Thev have inclosed with each township iff laiujkwhich they have pufcrchased large numl>en| of unoccupietl al- ternate sections of publie land. They claim the right to fence their own lands, and say thiry are not to blame, because the public lajpds are included in the inclosure. The agent* Of the General IAIKI OftVc have repeafcertly dejmanded that the obstructions should be re- moved in compliance with the proclamation, but t!o no purpose, and the Secretary of the Inferior requested of the Preskient the aid of the military land forces of the* United BtaU* to protect persons to be sent out to cut th« wife. . The President has directed the Secre- tary of War to assign one troop of cavalry Ui take station at Cheyenne and act under the direction of the officials of the IATHI Office lo- cated at that place. It is inferred from what was said last spring by the representatives ol the heaviest conq>anieK in Wyoming that they will fight sturdiry for the right to keep their^ fences, and an encounter l**twoen the cow boys of the companies and the cavalry forest is not improbable if this policy is yursued. A LUNATIC'S ACT. A WelI-K«own lioulsian* Editor Fatally WoundMI. Mr. Bosch, the oversaer on the Woodland plantation, fifty miles below New Orleans, was shot a few days since and seriously, if •ot f atally, wounded by a crazy man named Wilson. The lunatic was armed with a double- baiTeled shot gun, ami at- tacked the oyerseer in the field, emptying both barrels of his gun into him. braking both of his legs. He then retired to his oabui. In which he fortified himself for a seige- Sheriff Thibaut summoned a posse fo assist him in capturing th<« murderer. Among those who offered thoir services were Mr. George Osmond, late editor or the Afosro^; of New Orlwns and of the Plaquemine Psotntor. The pxrty went to the man's cabin and called upon him to surrender. Williams poked the muzzle of the gun through the crack and fired; wound- ing Osmond fatally in the neck. The P 0 \*** fire to the cabin, and when \\ ilson ran out they shot him. Osmond was a man of pluck. While editor in New Orleans some month* ago he was attacked by two men in his office, and killed one of the s^ilant^Robert Browster, State Register of , V otei-s-wounded the other, and was himself wounded. MILLIONS^ LOST. Gieat Damage Caused in Michigan By Forest Fires. The Michigan forest fires have resulted in immense losses. Newg from twenty-eight localities indicates diminishing fires. At Oscers, seven miles from Houghton, 1,300 cords of wood were burned and many acres of timber destroyed. Bestman's cord- wood yard, near the village, which contained •38,000 cords, was burned. Gillette's mill, six miles south of Marquette was surrounded by flames. Along the line of Ihe Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railroad west of Marquette the fires are nearly burned out from lack of fuel. Several lumber and construction camps or© burned west of Michigamme. Forest fires near Calumet, Red Jacket and Houghton destroyed 40,000 cords of woods and 50.000 cedar ties. The damage is already estimated at $8,500- 000, exclusive of to-day's fire at Lake Linden, MUSICAL ANDDBAMATIO. MADAMS FArrti is learning to play on the either* GOUNOD is composing a rantata to be de- dicated to the Pop^ MR. ROBERT Bit HAWAN'S \ftophia\ has passed its <M>th consecutive reprosentatffui at the Vaudeville Theatre, Ijondon. MOZART'S piano and Haydn's baton, mora recently the property of the immortal Liszt, were willed by him to the city of Vieuna. AcomniNf; t > the Ijouixiann Sunday law, liquor stores, cjgir an 1 barl»cr Miops nmM ba closed o;i thit day, but th'*at:-iv» may remain. ojH'ii: ' «. Mor>.J<hKA*wjll produce a new piny next season: \The Witch,\ an adaptation by ('. M. Rae.an Englishdramutist, of 'Die Hexe,\ a Oernian drama of nit yearn ago. A NTH KM* were first comjx«ed by Hilary, Bishop of Poictiers, and St. Ambrose, about thoniiddk* of the fourth century. They were intr\*luced into tho church service in .S»ft. MR, AumlsW I>AI,Y'H New York company has barn plaviuff with brilliant success at the Bost/to Museum- There was immense de- mand for seats for 'Taming of the Shrew.\ EDWIN BOOTH met his banuer audience at Indianapolis. » He played \Hamlet' there Thursday night. May &. and his receipts nere M,??0 from an audience of 2,11 V» persons. Bsoth was paid *'V*X). THK new Opera House at Odessa, when compleUxl t . will l»e one of the grandest in Europe it will probably be opened under the management Of Mr. Maul'son in the autumn. It has boon erected at a cost of $1,000,000. MADAMS: JANAI'SCHEK, the well-known actress, a few nights ago fell down an oiUVire flight of • stairs at h*r hotel, in Newpurt, R. I., and broke an arm, besides sustaining other injuries. The accident will compel the disbanding of her company. NEXT October Charles Dickens will begin in this country a course of public readings from the worics of «his father. He is about forty-five years old, with brown hair and moustache, and of nearly the same height and build as the elder Dickens, but less pro- nounce I in dress. SAINT-SAENU'B Opera.\'Henry VIII.,\ was recently hiwed down at its first performance at Marseilles. The majiagfr had to -ring down the curtain and announce U> thosa who were not satisfied that the^e could have their money returned at the TK>X itttce if they would leave. A good many of the malcon- tent* availed themselves of.this opportunity to get their <*Mih back, and then the perforin ance proeee<leJ peacefully *o the end.