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The Adirondack news. (St. Regis Falls, N.Y.) 1887-1934, April 16, 1887, Image 1

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T ^r '\w •'tM X1IE ; PUBLISHED EVJERY SATURDAY -AT— m. RKGIN.'FAIiTX FRANKLIN COINTY, N. Y. - \ J - T£BMS-$1.00 F|B TEAR, , FTHU'TLY IN ADVANCE. .. v. letters *nd' communications dressed to •hould be td- SOWELL ULDRICH. Editors JD4 PatllsDers. m* F*gt» Fall; JT. 1. . gk-dirondarTi Uettrs VOL. I. nTRENOTH IN SUFFERING. Each weary heart that sorrow Alls With somco'erwhelming w oe, Reaps with his own unnumbered Ills, The tears that othcrM tow, Whilo sadness cumber* clay by drfy, And weary hours grow long. • Bright hope iftiall Hght tho clouded Way; Then suffcnand grow strong. Yen! Htrong in suffering, strong ill hone, Htrong heart* by conscience led, •Gainst every bitter sin can cope « That rear* its vicious hood; Bright genu* of hone wurround each heart, Thesuiuihhio and thodcty, Regard less of affl lotion'* tmart, Thien suffer and be true, In the rod battle fleULnf life, 11» turbulence and din, (n evory scene, in human sir! fa, Temptation, sorrow, iln, \'' . That bring* chill pallor to the faot, That mar* domestfe light, \And smothers every tonder gractw Still suffer and bo right. Refined by suffering, overwhelmed * < With thine and other*' cares; , , : Be true, bo bravo, be armed and helm'd. 'Gainst current wile* and snares; j Proud in thy strength, heroic pride Can every ill endure, J Though in temptation donbly triad, Then suffer and l>o pure. ' ; —Charles J. Beat tie, in fnter-Ooean. \ * BASEINGEATITUDE. ; i ' BY LILY ci'itur. i Tho first two weeks of Hopiember are undoubtedly the finest of all summer for ocean bathing. Thjb water has at length becomo bearably warm, and tho waves, though running nigh, run regularly and with n certain evenness that a fair swim- mer can comprehend and count upon. At the resorts along tho New Jersey coast,- for instance, this is a SCHMOU of absolute water revelry. The beach is peopled with thousands of figure*, hapuy ana pictur- esque—or grotesque, nSit/io case may be. Child, youth, adult, all arc here. The strong swimmer calmly cleaving his way out through the breakers;' the timid nov- ice shrinking at each' new burst of salty suds, and the would-be brave one, pranc- ing defiantly knec-deep in tho mighty , brine, yet clinging at the same time with desperate grip to the life-line. It was not long since, at one of these resorts, a heavenly morning—tho sky, a sheer dazzle of sun and palest azure; the sea booming grandly on tho white sand, and all the merry thousands hastening down to meet it. Two men and a Woman left the fourth of their party, an rldcdy lady, who was not in bathing oostiiinr v as were they, „ safely ensconced with camp-stool and umbrella, where the sand was quite dry, and tripped lightly down to the first t-hin edge of too water. To bostrictly accurate, but two of them tripped lightly; tho woman, who was young and, in her own way, beautiful, and tho smaller and less thoughtful appearing of the men. The third of the party followod with a gravity of countenance that was almost «*bsurd in conjunction with IUN costome. Having entered the water, they lwturally sepa- yratcd. The young man wan of the slender, rwillowy,, draceful type; ,»i blonde with golden ttotsS>f hair and heard. Moreover . overy word and gesture seemed expressive ofintenso self satisfaction and self-grat- ification, possibly relative to some late personal triumph. \Ci>mc!\ he cried, reaching out joy- ously to the girl. But she drew back; she could not swim. \Nof' he said care- lessly, and plunged off leaving her there near the other man. This other was also fair of complexion, but his close-shaven ' hair had the look of brown velvet and his largo violet eyes were fringed with lashes almost black. Ire had stooped to put some water on ' his head, and looking up he saw that the young lady SIQ/MI alone, her gaze resting quietly upon him. \Shall I take you out K little further?\ he asked. She shook her head, with a fretful curve of the lip. 44 You look too sober,*' she said; * * You might want {.o drown me. ALt KINDS OF JOB PRINTING over | * <•* There Is only o^cj thing I would llpic to soy to you, Lima. You won't bo njngry. It is thjs: Be stfrc you know youij own mind.\ \You—tou think I do not no^r?\ she questioned sharnly. \I cannot tell. I hope you do. ttot all n)cn are wont to take such disappoint- I do nc t think n shade had a \cried ^ * Devoted mentis philosophically, that Fielding would.\ Miss Wamner's cheeks 1 ilrned mulct Her dusky complexion bluUh look, ; \Are you getting A chill? 11 Denton. «, , \Jfot at all. *' But I don't sc< Harry anywhere. It Is strango ho should stay awa^solong.\ Denton put up his hand to shade his ^yes and looked out over tho watc r. Tho sun was dazzling. . j \J do not see him either, 1 ' he at swe'red, and continued to gaze. * \He it a perfect swimmer,\ laid tho girl, uneasily. > 4i And ho surel' would not go out too far.\ \fan you stay hcro v alone?\ Denton asked, qiiicklv, *'orcan Jou go ii ashore by the line? \I'll look for him.\ 4 'I'll go ashore,\ she had begin to say, whcii ho had plunged out throui ;h a big wavi*, and could no longer hear licr. She turned ^and slosvly made her way back, clinging over to the sagging ropo. But sho had not gouo far, wh( n some- thing checked her steps and caused her so turn sharply and face seaward, A wild outcry for an instant made her heart stand still! A bitter cry, unci sud- den hoarso shouts. Then tho beach blackcntyl with men and women by thou- sands other than the bathers. \Man drowning!\ That wpsall. That was tho awful cry. . ' . Elpin Warriner standing statue like, with eyea straining 4o know the worst, could not bven icel the water that lapped hor feetj She was incapable oY feeling any- thing; cold OH ice; frozen from]*head to foot* For now sho knew—half intui itivejy, half by circumstan es—that Harfy Fielding was out there beyond retfehof the-boldest and going Idown to 'his aeath. , She could not stir. Sho coijild only stand there feeling frozen. The shouts of outcries constantly creased, until tho hubbub was ing, it. seemed to. her. And stood there, with capability for agonized idea; \If I could only swim!\ Horry Fielding, her lately lover, the main wno had weaned 44 You may tako it so, if you choose. I adore bravery, and I loathe ingratitude!\ In this way sho freed herself. | That evening Denton came to her. They sat for a timo in tho portal of her mother's cottago. J \Arc you sure,\ no inquired, \\aro ; you suro you have made no mistake |n break- ing your engagomont to Fielding?\ She drew inoro closely about - her shoulders a lit tie scarlet shawl sljo wore. 4 'I suppose you think that I dejn't know ray own mind,\ she said. \I supposo you think 1 haven't any mind of my \II* has very much that apptarancc,\ ho answered, coolly, j j Hho reflected for a moment, \I havo always known my own mind,\ sho said then, qulto deliberately^ \except on one occasion.\ r t . . Denton was silent a little spade. ThctL^ lie loaned closer to her. . \Will you toll mowhnt tho occasion was, and when?\ he asked, softly. I Sho looked at hjim with teara welling up in her dusky eyes., \You knowl\ she answered, tremu- vlously, and laid hor head upon his shoulder, whoro it had always iecmed to him to belong L ' y • in- maefden- still she ji^st one avowed her heart from Edwm Denton. Harry out there, battling^struggling, dying! H|ic fancied she saw his arms flung aip for the last time; then - hu«h! Why should they cheer? What vrns that? Whp was that qut there? C'oull she see the gleam of oiange and a nalcr blue than salty waters? Why should thuy cheer? Wa4 it because another risked liis life to savq her lover's? Was it because Ned Dcnjton had not waited,had not lesitatl^ had gone out there to sjave the man who had robbed him of her lov(? Hush! Anc ther»cheer! Was she dead herself? On cither tfidc of her aonv; one had caught her arms and was^lra^ging bcr up i lie beach. It seemed to her that she niuft shriek aloud. Yet she ^ras dumb, and growing deaf and b\ind, sb; thought. Onlkr her mother caught her in her arms> '•pVIother,\ she cried in a yoico Jhat grated with its own agony; \M6thcr will thei both be lost?\ Amd now another maddening cheer. Tluj life-savers going out, and strong rop^s gradually uncoiling. \JGod!\ prayed Elma Warrfr er on her knees,'*there at her mother's side; 44 Qod, if okily their strength may last!\ Would the life-savers never reach them? Ev-qry second was indescribable torture! Yet the men had responded promptly. It had been hardly minutes sinco tho first alarm. ., \Mother can you—can you sRe the blue and yejtyw? Qh, God, save him for his bra wy!\ Then sho shut her ears with her lin- gers; tho men were drawing in the ropes; the rhythmic,-awfjd chant of the voices measuring;tho length of pull, and telling when to case and let out with the ebb of waw;. 'ificy were putting in—wliat, whom? Would the savers bring one rescued man, one drowned, two drowned, tvo rescued —;or nono at. all, or not even n cold form with the soul battered out? Who could say,? Mic held her fingers in her cars. Tho chi nt of tho toiling men would havo crazed her t And amid louder shrieks n id hoarser clamor the savers staggered asliorc at last, and laid two forms upon the s md. Life was in both as yet. \ hit Harry Ficjlding needed much rolling and skilful manipulating to bring him around. Den- tpn, on the other hand, revived speedily and tried to stand alone up [>n his feet. Hit face fras asTthastly as the other's, and had the same blue circles around tho mouth and eyes. j .\I am all right,\ he murmured feebly, then his half-open eyds fell upon Elma Warriner. 8ho had tiirncd f 'oni Field- ing's side. I T'You RAved him,\ slic cried, with an hyEterical sob. Fcrhaus her voice gi'ated again as a little while before. • Tho throng took up tier words with a mi <hty cheer. Ficldiuu had 1 >cen carried to his hotel, but the rescuer was yet among 'them. •I'Give me your hand, ancl then another, and / c took ncr notice of the closing petu- lance. 44 You think I should not look sobcrj then?\ i \I'm sure I think nothing wbatcver, Mr. Denton. You have roHcvcd me of tho necessity.\ He took A step nearer to her. His foco flushed. There, in tho edge of tho occsn, was an absurd place to show feel- , ing. But he seemed to forget their sur- * roundings, and to we only Tier dark, un-, common beauty, her flashing, conquering eyes. \Elmn he said,! quietly, \I havedond nothing to merit your enmity; I have been sincere. 1 ' *'*0, yes; but too much sincerity bores one at times.'' The young man started, his lips moved, then he seemed to recall some resolution, and no sound issued from his tightly-set jaws. , The girl continued to speak, however,' in the same' studiously insolent tone., \Why are we standing here? At ku«* & you might take *uo over to the line, v I certainly shall have lessons when wo go back to town. It is absurd for one to feci j •o dependent. And these good swimmers \ '^ JheVomen sobbed •arc always so selhsh. ' ••...__-. He put out his hand. , !* \Come this wu^y' he said, simply, i They made as pretty a picture as any of tho thousands of couples who had gone down orwere going down together. Some of thedookcrs-ou upon the beach! singled them oufctnnd discussed them: , 4 'The yoiuig ladv in white and scarlet? With the Italian face.' The tall young escort in hlflft-and yellow if >Jiss Wurriudr —Elma Warriner. Quite rich. Hush.! Tho mother is there with the red umbrella. The«young man is Ned Den- ton; sort of third cousin; used to be engaged to her, but U»«ir it is off now; •heis to marry *oTITe otre else.'' / - Meanwhile the young* couple were out waist-deep. Miss Warriner hud grown more gracious. „ '•Go and swim, Ned,\ she commanded with a little laugh. 4, Wc won't quarrel anymore.' • * 4 QuarrcUf he repeated. \You think I would quarrel with you? If, as you have told me, it has all been a mistake— our caring for each other—and you really love Fielding, do you think 1 would't bo man enough to.desire your jwclfaro first of all? Do Jou think'I would let any unemd>y of one year ago -of last summer —however. pVvcious, stand between you and y|mr happines?\ • ^^la^^ \We never live over a^ain our 'last aummers,'\ she replied with some, cou- nt raint. - • i \You are right.\ he echoed, in a lower tone - almost too ]ow to be audible above U» \I Raisins, Fjgs and Dates. From Malaga como thoso {tempting boxes adorned with filigree and gilt paper, Wlith colored medallions, dark [eyed ucr- vttors and courtiers with cxliggcratcd pork pie hats. Why wo should call these raisins muscatels nobody seems to know, perhaps from tho Muscat grap< that the Moors may havo brought into Spain from their African home. But t icy were known to our forefathers as \taysons of tho sun.\ And theso \raysois of tho sun,\ people credited with a k ud of re- cuperative force. Always the y formed part of tho equipage of a la*t illness. Tho neat little-tablo spread lytho pa- tient's bedsido witt saffron wat *r and the dish of \raysons Of tho sun, 1 with tho old family Bible reserved for such solemn occasions, reminded the suffer r that he or she had done with, the ordinary faro of mortal life. Sun-dried, indeel, should theso raisins be, and yet not so much' dried as distilled; tjic watery pirts driven off, and all tho richer qualities of tho grape developed in nature's alembic. The best olf these raisins are d ried upon the vine. *Whcn tho bunch i i ripe tho stem is twisted, cjr partly severed, and fhen the tierce sunLdocs the rent. Com- moner raisins arc gathered an( hu ig up on strings in tho sunshine, an 1, of they dry, aro scalded Or dipped into lye, a process which briiigs the sacc nirii o par- ticles to tho surface, when the fn it as- sumes its wcll-kcown slightly candied appearance. The raisins without stqncs, called sultanas,, \ard from Smyrna,, which, otherwise, is morel concerned with figs. . All around the McditerraneaQ coast tho fig trco grows and flourishes-; even in England it is often found it old-fash- ioned gardens, in a alirubbyjfoi in, trained against the wall, and Wortnin i boasts of fig gardens of unknown antiqi lty, whero tho fruit matures and ripens. Bui tho figs oft he Levant bear the highest repu- tation, and here the greatest care and skill ore employed in growing and harvesting the crop. , From figs4o dates the trans t ion is not violent, for the tig'trco and the date-palm may be found in the same landscape; but the date-nrtlm will grow on tie sandiest barren, if only there be moist ire bqlow, to which its deeply-set roots can pene- trate. Egypt is tho favored country of the date, and it is said that more >than two millions and a half of palrisare there registered as fruit-bearing trees, and] as a singletree will sometimes bear as much asiour hundredweight of dates—quoted last*year at fifty shillings in London, but. this year, from over-abundant supplies, not worth half—it may be seen what an important matter to tho Egyptian fellah is his date harvest.— All the Jcar Round. IHEHOMEOFVU*. EAT VISIT TO ASHLAND, THE STATESMAN'S KSTA \GH1 The Monument Abovo Clay 4 mains—The Clay MntiNlon—8ouN nlrfl of tho Fumon* tor— Clay'a Only Hon. As the train from Loubville rouwift into Lexington and skirts along a crescents of negro cabins, says a correspondent oT' tho Chicago Tribuji,; a tall objrctJis seen on tho left. At first glance it looks like a shot tower or chimney, but pretty soon a human figure is discerned on top of it. Tho figure is of granite, stands erect, and holds in its hand a scroll.' Homebody in the cay ; wild that it was tho stutuo of llenry Clay, and I looked t with keenejr interest. A plain shaft rises from a stone mausoleum; the shaft itself is of stone blocks and is capped by a capital and ft earvoTl frieze. Stirfnount- ing that, is the life-sized figure of the great commoner of half a century ago. Tie stands facing his old Ashland homo and overlooking the town and the peo- ple he loved so well, J ' • i J \ ' Dictator (the father of Jay-ttjfc-Hee and Phallus), which horse is tho head of Ma- 'jor McDowell's stud. There aie besides him KingHchc, a fa- mous son of Belmont, and a choice selec- tion of young stock. There are also about cried, you'.\ one man God pless i loud Elma Warriner sank dizzily into her mother's,embrace, and hpard rather than saw Ned Denton borne Lome upon men's shoulders—a hero. + I * + * Qf tho three, Mi*»s ^Tarrijicr perhaps felt the shock longer than tic two who hajl been so near their deaths that morn injr. For several days slic remained al- most wholly in her chatnoci^ Fielding and Denton wrnt about as if nothing had happened. Fielding, who was quite wenlthy, showed the other some extra little attentions, it may be, bit neither of them alluded in any way tc the late al- most tragic occurrence. Elma Warriner, on tlie bther hand, could not refrain from talkinjg of it. . Fielding must have been ilt-naturqd on some other score when one night he rc- sjKmded imbatiently to a remark of hers concerning Nod Denton. Hifi answer was almost sneering :'^ > *You niaho a perfect god of him for what he did!\ Elma gazed straight in his face for a moment. She was silent, but her eyes had a dull, ominous gleam. \l7Th*iwid been lost,\ soe said, very slowly and coldly, \I should never have forgiven myAel^.\ \PerhapJ said Fielding, angrily, \perhups I am to take this as an indica- tion of a ehauge in your feelings toward mo. Perhaps I am to understand you would like to end the engagement They had )>een sitting together iu her Why Vfhegar Is Shirp., The question has been propounded: What makes vinegar sharp? Now, if it had been asked: What docc not mako it sharp? the answer would have beep, the want of pure applo or i rape juice. George Adams, in 1747, sai<l that somo people have imagined that tho sharpness of vinegar was occasioned l)y thb eels striking their pointed tails against tho tongue and palate. But the Sciftitiflc Amvricttn says it is very certain that tho sourest vinegar has none of those! eels, and that its pungency is entirely owing to the pointed figures of itjs Jalts, Whicn float therein. This is very well, bVit wo are almost persuaded that ionic of tho sharpness of the vinegar is duo to tho sharp practices with which its manufac- ture is often surrounded, '\hero is thi sharper who mixes tho comnodity with drugs and acids, such as preparations of lcadj copper, and sulphufic acids. Them is the sharper who orders this done, Thero is the sharper whjo sells the con coction to the merchant. Thero is the mercantile sharper who sells tho stuff to the consumer. There is the grand com- bination of sharpers who lie throughout tho wliolc transaction from the titno it is made to tho timo it is used. Then ,thero is the old, old sharper, the prince of lies, with his cloven-hoof and his serpentine tail, who inspires the., leaner sharpers. And yet somo people do not jknow what makes vinegar snarp! ,'TiB influenced into sharpness, ^(^iiGmcn.—North it est r™*: < r Tyy : • Phenomenal Musical Precocity. HENRY CLAY AT SIXTY-SKV-EJf. / \ Ashland, the nai^e of the estate which for so many years wak* the comfort and pride of the great Sen itor, has an histor- ic interest for all who heris I the memory of our distinguished (lead. It was a mag- nificent domain in Clny*H time, but has suffered somo vicissitudes since then. Two hundred of the broad, blue grass acres were bequeathed to the younger son of Mr. Clay, John M., who still resides upon them and devotes his whtole energy and intellect to the breeding of thorough- breds for the turf -not a grand pursuit, pcrhAps, for tlie son of such a sire, but yet iu Kentucky a thoroughly respectable one. Another Urge slice of the domain was given or sold, to the City of Lexing- ton for pork purposes. All that is now left of Ashland proper is the old home- stead, with its forest trees, its noble man- sion, arid about 300 acres of land. ! The entrance gates to the beautiful grounds of Ashland arc about half a mile from the centre of Lexington. A broad, well-kept drive winds, through clusters of stately dogwoods, pines, hemlocks, and other forest trees which seventy years ago Clay brought from the mountains and planted with his own hands. The car- riage-way sweeps up to a broad piazza m front of the mansion, and then Wjnds off to tho barns and other out-builditigs. The present mansion at Ashland is jiot the ono Clay built himself in 1820, though in design and finish tho newer structure is an exact reproduction of the orig- inal and most of the material in the old went into the construction of the new. » The first house had not been per- fectly built, and, upon the death of Clay . THE FATItEn OP JAY-EYfe-BEK. j ttic property passed into the hands of his *on, James B. (May, formerly Vhunje d y Affaires to Portugal, it was found nec- essary to take down the old house and rebuild it. But not the slightest change was made cither in plan or finish. The woodwork of the old house—the ash, walnut and other hardwoods—was all from trees cut upon the place, ond this went into the .new mansion Intact. The housc\ standi facing the Town of Lex- ington upon a slight Eminence gent- ly sloping toward it. j In front is a beautiful bluo-grass lawn, dotted with ash, walnut, \rcdbud holly, Tho walks and driveways are kent <m Just as they were in the days of the original owner, and especially, is this true oi a favorite portion of the grounds laid out by Clay himself and intended as a retreat whore he could retire and walk and think. This walk, winding through huge clumps of trees and shaded by dense foliage, is one of the most romantic and DKNHY CI.AY'8 COUCrf. forty head of bropd mores of find blood, and from the yearly offspring of theso Ashland is made to yield a noble rev- enue. It was late in the afternoon when I rang the bell to the main entrance to the mansion. A bright-eyed young miss re- sponded, and as I handed her my card 1 realized at once, not without a slight lccllng of emotion, too, that l«was being greeted by the great-grand-daughter of Henry Clay. Young as She is she cv£ dently knows what Kentucky hospitality is, for without glancing at the card even she ushered her visitor into a noble draw- ing-room, where a bright coal fird wasblaz- intf. It is an' imposing: mansion, this his- toric home of the Clays. The first entrance is into a large.square hall finished in pol- ished ash and floored with luirdwood, which no covering but a rug conceals. To the left as one enters is the study of Henry Clay—his own work-room, where ho studied, wrote, and received his po- litical ami other friends. Directly ahoad\ as one,enters tho front dpor is a broad entrance to a double drawing room richly furnished and adorned with pictures ana family portraits. This in turn leads into an octagonal dome-covered library, lined with polished wood throughout. The shelves on all sides contain thousands of volumes, many of them *>f great value. The Callfornlon Who Ga?e His For- | tune For,Public Purposes. .Times Lick, who-^vil ed $700,000 fe* tho erection of an obs srvatory in Cali- fornia, was born in Fredericksburg, Penn., August |25, 1706. In 1810 he wis employed iu a piano mat ufactory in Phil- adelphia and a year lat< r started in the same business for himse f in New York and afterward in vario is parts of South America. In 1847 he < migrated to Cali- fornia, taking with bin $30,000, which he invested in real estate in Son Francisco, and its rapid advance lr value made him wealthy. In 1874 he ] laced his entire property in the hands < f trustees, to be devoted to public ant charitable pur- poses. The bequests 10 then made he changed in some respe< ts in May, 1875. The total amount thus j iven was $1,765,- 000, of which $700,OuO was for an obser- vatory to be connected with the Univer- sity of California. $150,000 for ffee pub- lic baths in San Franciico, and $540,000 for an institution to b 5 called the Cali- fornia School of Mechi nical Arts. For himself he reserved $100,000, gave his son $150,000, and cae i of his relatives sums varying, from $S,000 to $5,000. James Lick died Oct >bcr 1, 1876, and the observatory which his philanthropy TEMPERANCE. Truthful Jingle*. As one and one make always two, So those who drink are sure to roe. As two and two make always four, So surely one giaas leads to mora. As three and three are always six, As surely drink is spoiled by \sticks.\ As sura as four and four make eight, Will rum bring trouble soon or late. As Ave amd five are always ten, So surely drink makes drunken men. —Edward CurtweU, in Temperance Banner. tflK'JLAN Card*, LrtHfr-Head*, ** tiotc-nca<hi, Bill-JIcadtt, Statement*, Envelope*, Handbill*, Po*ter*, Ac, BKATLY AND PROMPTLY KXtCUTlD a THE LOWEST LIVING PRICES FOU CASH. We solicit the pstrotisfft of the public sad strive to 4~nitru ibo tamo. A PITIFUL CASE. Not long ago t Paris Conservatory a girl named Iicni4 4 \e first prize at the of Music was won by who |s ten years old. and was so small that ho pedals of the piano had to be raised in order that she niight 'be able to reacli t lem. Juliette Bote is the namejof an eight-year old artinS who ha* won a competition at several German citi Warsaw, has give scries of concerts; and has perform ed le first iiano pnze in amur, Belgium. In Josep i Hoffman} of a ve*y successful IC is nine years old verol strong compo- sitions of his own in! his coi certs. Henry Varteau, of Rheinuf, not yet eleven years old, has been makihg a hrilliajnt coiu/ert tour along the Hhinp. The Hagel sisters have given concerts! in the Herman cities or Bamberg, Krfiujth and Nordbauscn. The youngest of t)icsc sislers, six years old, plays the \iolin ; the second, seven years old' is a performer of talent on tho 'cello; and tho oldest, .eight years old, plays the piano. -^Boston Ttaiwript. n<)lhei's cottage parlor. osiioojow io oe auuiDie above .?'\*«•«'• *»\\«g'» !»«••«# ,.«.„„,.,.»..... ».. „.....„.. '« ' • \tOtoWi •-*W0 WW. UY(J tbcifl Ir?^ 8 ' wd » cr? l wvin $ M xoom \ Wld: I #7«*<«« o/Ammcan History Derivation of Niagara. The word Niagara was probably de- rived from the Mohawks, t irough whom the French had their fiint intercourse with the Iroquois. Home controversy had Vxisfed concerning its signification.p'Thc Mohawks affirm it fb mean nook 1 , in/ nllu- -lill^lhltf 1 ^^ AN ASHLAND ICE-ttOUSE. ^o the right of the square hall and in one corner rises a broad and riclily de- signed stircasc of polished ash. Major McDowell greeted his visitor cordially anttwery cheerfully gave him such information about; the old place as was needed. Many visitors came to Ash- land, and all wiero made welcome. Un- fortunately there were but few relics of the old times or the old occupants, but the Major showed a picture of a curious old bedstead used by his wife's grand- parents, now in possession of another member of the family. The Mayor also showed a portrait of nenry Clay hanging in the hall at the age of 40, painted by Matthew Jouett, a Kentucky nrtist; also an old daguer- reotype of the man at 67, from which the above sketch is taken. The house and its fittings are so modern and the latter are so elegant, for Maj. MoDowell is a man of wealth, that one finds it more interesting in searching foir reminis- cences of Clay to wander aboift tho grounds, gaze upon the trees he planted with his own hands, upon the outbuildings, such as the old barn and the ice-houses that ore as they were half a century apo, and walk in the, paths he laid out and graded. The view from the front of the mansion is a beautiful one. It takes in- to tho panorama the Town of Lexington, and a mile bcyorid the Clay monument pierces the heavens, a tiny object, but clear and well defined. The only son of Henry Cloy alive is John M« Clay, whose residence and the stables of his string of thoroughbreds aro in plain view of Ashland. John M. is nothing more than a very respectable citizen. He has inherited none of his father's great mental gifts. The eldest son was .lames B. Clay, whom Taylor put into the diplomatic service. He inherited Ashland from his father, and duritjtft. the war* it will be remembered, became; a Secessionist, and to save himself from trouble took refuge in Canada. He -died without issue. Henry'Clay, Jr., the favorite eon, went to the Mexican war as L eutcnant- Cclonel of a Kentucky regiment, and was killed at Buena Vista. His on y child, s daughter, is the wife of Maj. McDowell, and the mother of grown younjf men just out of Yale. Thomas H. Clay, another son, was appointed by President Lincoln Minister to Nicarauga. He was quite { >romincnt in politics as a Republican, >ut he, too, died some timo after the War, And so are fast dwindling in numbers the older of the descendants of Henry Clay. proposed is to-day o thing of reality. MounV Hamilton, oi 'the Pacific coast range, Which is local $d in Santa* Clara county, Yhirtcen^mih » from \#an .Jose, was choserv an offerinj; the greatest con- venient elevation. M >unt Hamilton is a tri-mountainMhe higl est peak rising 4,- 500 feet. ThcXsouthc n peak, tl£ site of the observatory^* at out 125 feet lower thanj the northern\bu wa* chosenton ac- count of, its t casy\ a :cessibility. ^ The plateau upon whic^ the building is erected is about 450 f ct in lengtb; with a breadth of 225 feet. \The largest tele- scope in the world wi 1 be, used in the ob- servatory, and althoi gh t^e whole plan of the observatory hj s beep made with direct. reference to,li eeping Its running expenses low, thence mpany of^ astrono- mers will have to be :ept smali-^-far too small to utilizo the instruments to the full. It would requii e a staff of at least ten astronomers to re turn the full results ;from the outfit, ond 11 present not more than three con be em >loye4. The work of these must be co icentrated on the large equatorial, and even then their en- ergies will not be lufficient to utilize every moment. As Mr. Lick's magnifi- cent gift was in redity to the wkole world, it is proposed to put the large tel- escope at the disposit ion of the world by inviting its most dis tinguished astrono- mers to visit the ol servatory, one at a time, and to give to ;hem the use of the instrument during ce \tain specified hours of the twenty-four. 1 lach day there will be certain hours set apai t when the observa- tory staff will relinq uish ttfe use of the equatorial ±o distil guished specialists who will come from < ifferent parts of the Uniteor States and fi om Europe to solve or to attock some o ae of the marfy un- solved problems of istronomy. In this way it is hoped the $ ift of Mr. Lick will be truly maac a gift to the whole world of science and not n crely a gift to Cali- fornia or its universi h^ A Novel Flower The flowerpot ill istrated ' in the cut here given presents several advantages ,ovcr ordinary ones ai d appears specially adapted for plants hat are to be Sent long distances. Thi» pot, which, byfthe way, is the invention of an Arkansas woman, Mrs. 8. L. 1 [unter, Little Rock, is made with two, WJ ,11s, forming a spaee Pot. i between them that i erves as a water res- ervoir. In the innci wall, near the bot- tom, are holes, throi flows to moisten through which the gh which the water tie earth. A spout, servoir may be filled side of the outer wa with the reservoir or emptied os rcqu red, is fixed to the i and communicates sion to its connecting the is probably the same both ju th< and Mohawk languages, iwo lakesi It tral were arose Ht his kindred dialects of onegeiieiii loitgue,-- kesi NeUt a«> Iln 7 THE STAIRCASE AT APHI.AND. Interesting features of the park at Ashland. The property is now owned by Mai. Henry Clay McDowell, who married the only daughter of Col. Henry Clay, Jr., the beloved son of the statesman, who \ fell at Buena Vistft. When James B. Clay died Ash- land was sold to tho Kentucky University, or, rather, to the State for that institu- tion. The design was to establish there an agricultural college in connection with the university where farming on scientific principles was to be taught. Like most such experiments tbc scheme was a fail- ure and the college ceased to exist. Fr.r several years the property was a drag upon the authorities, and, as it yielded no rev- enue, was -*oon permitted to run down. Finally it < was resolved to sell it, and because of its wealth of association to his wife, Major Mc- Dowell bought it and at once began the work of improving it uu to its former standard. He uses it, as ('lav did before him. asa stock farm for the propagation of fancy breeds of trotters.. Ilere dwells \ * Tlie Freak of a Strong Wind. Effect a of the Liquor Traffic on Wag-ee. \Hard times' 1 is a common cry nowa- days, especially among mechanics and laboring men. Low wages it a 'common complaint, and \strikes \lock-outs etc., are the results of this dissatisfied feeling among the working men. And yet it is a fact that the working- man is the greatest consumer of liquor and the stanchest supporter of the traffic and its agents, and if we were tx> tell him that the liquor traffic is largely the cause of low wages, and the so-called depres- sion in business, he would probably sneer and disbelieve the statement. According to the Government figures, we brewed and sold in the United States last year 642,000,000 gallons of beer. If we assume that each glass contains half a pint (which they do not by a long shot), we find that we spent for beer, during a year of hard times, the enormous sum of over five hundred and thirteen million dollars. For 70,763,000 gallons of whisky we spent $440,000,000! These figures do not include wines made in the United States, nor do they include the spirits^ wines, ales, etc., im- ported into this cquntry. These ^amount annually to over fifty millions of dol- lars! | • ; A£d these sums together, and we find that we spent last year over one thousand million dollars for intoxicating liquor. But you will say, what has this to do with wages? these statements only show that men spend their money foolishly, after they have earned it. One hundred dollars spent in the goods named pays to the workingman the pro- portion stated opposite: Boots and shoes $20 17 Clothing , 18 34 Hardware 23 17 Furniture 24 17 But if he spends $100 for liquor, he has only paid to the workingman $1.23. According to the brewers' and distil-* lers' own figures, furnished to the census enumerators in 1880, the total wages paid by them for one year was only fifteen million dollars, and this included tho wages of men not directly employed in the manufacture of the accursed stuff. Now, it is pretty well known that the men who spend their money for liquor do not spend a great deal for food, clothes, furniture, carpets, boots and shoes., - jk If this money—one thousand-million dollars—now \worse than wasted\ in the purchase of liquor, was directed into the channels of legitimate trade, and would be, as it ought to |be and would if the saloons were closed, in the\ purchase of good food, good clothing, furniture, car- pets, etc., it would return to the work- ingman not less than $200,000,000, in- stead of less than $15,000,000, as it does now. N v Nor would this be all. The figures given above do not include the wages of salesmen, etc.; they simply mean the amounts paid the workingmen for the manufacture. ; A liquor store that sells $300 worth of liquor per day would not require but one or two bartenders; but a retail dry goods or boot and shoe \store that sold that amount daily would require the servic( s of at least double the number of salesmen) that the saloon does. T. V. Powderly, Master Workman of the Knights of Labor, says: \Close the rum-shops, ana there will not be an idle mill or factory in the whole country, and the railroads cannot handle the busi- ness\ ., It is true, absolutely true. Close the salpons; start the mills; spend the money fori food, clothing, and the comforts and luxuries of life, and there will be no 4 'hard tinies,\ no \depression of business,\ but 6ober men and happy homes.— Central Oapd Templar. -I*/*. ANEW FLOWERPOT. t The reservoir h ilds enough prater to last a plant for mai y days, henccit is be- lieved that plants may be successfully transported long c istanccs in these pots. Mrs. Hunter expla ns that by admitting the water supply at the bottom of the pot the plants arc indu ;ed to send down deep roots in the earth o seek the moisture, instead of. spread in? out near the surface, as in the cose wh >n water is poured on top of the soil.— Nite York World. y An Unanswerable Argument. First Omaha Kau—''Humph! The idea of spending '200 for a bicycle for your boy! You'll ruin him.\ Second Omaha Han—\On the contra- ry ; I desire to kee i him out of bad com pan v. \What rood \H ill that new-fangled contrivance do an] one, I'd like to know? He can go where I e pleases with it.'' eve ' hear of a young man dqunk on a bjyycle?\— Did you coming home Oinalui World •'AH, par soli, I wish I could carry my gold With me,\ said a dying man to his pastor. \It might melt,\ was the con* soling answer. Too Iftd For In the Police (' Judge—\What Prisoner—\I'm Judge J-\Here prisoner before tl lli'ltuii f'i'itic. His Jurisdiction. >urt: is your> occupation ?** a poet, Your Honor.\ Mr. Officer, take the i ( I ra nd J urv. - W\*4\ T Liquor and Longevity. c publicans arc trottiag out Borrows's ceeter Journal, which tells us of a f am- who lived at Hastings a hundred years named Brown. The father was 103 rs of age, and for fifty years had never e to bed sober. He was afllercules. in short; had twenty-four children—six- teen sons and eight daughters. His wife died aged ninety-eight, and only, two of his children hod died. He was able to ride sixty-five miles in a daj. Oiic of his sons has becii a drunkard for fifteen years. Says the Brhun Guardian: \We do not justify intemperance, but tlje above affords evidenceVhat the use of alcohol, even in excessive quantities, isl not absolutely inimical to strength and longevity.\ We might justly demand filler evidence for this \ancient\ and veracious history, but we will simply ask S ir brewing friends, now that there are enty centenarians about, to produce a nlan 108 years old, a Hercules, who has 6}rank heavily for the past fifty years, and J e will then give the matter our best msideration. The man that can answer lur demand will cthnmand a fortune from e drinking British public in a few years, ere is a chance for thero—the Jubilee nkard now on view; walk up; only a shilling a head,— 'JUtsffoic Reformer % A Young I.ady fibot Dead on tho Evfe •of llc;r Wedding. Miss Carrie Sharp, of Shelby ville, Tenn., was accidentally snot and killed at her home the other night under peculiarly distressing circumstance*. # during the evening the was visited by Mr. A. U, Ruth, to whom she was to be married the next morning, and at 11 o'clock Mr. Ruth was preparing to leave, when Miss Sharp picked up a revolver, which her affianced had placed on an ottoman. She remarked that she was afraid of the weapon, and was in the act of handing it to him, when the revolver, a self-cocking one, caught in tho folds of her wrap and was diHcharged. Tho bullet entered Miss Sharp's heart, and nhe fell to the floor dead. The report of the pistol at- tracted the attention of the family of the dead girl, and rushing into the parlor a terrible sight met their gaxe. Mr. Ruth was horror stricken, ami for Home timo wa* unable to re- late how his betrothed had mot her fate. Miss Sharp was a graduate of the Shelby- ville Female Col leg.-, a beautiful and very popular young ladv, and had been engaged to Mr. Ruth, a w\\ of Mavor John W. Ruth, for a long time. #he was buried in her weddin j dress. THE NATIONAL GAME. \ TH« Pitteburg club claims that the salary list of its players will reach $30,000. THE five Lea-u? umpires are Wyckoff, Pow-ers, Quest, Do?sher ami Wilson. JONES of the Cincinnatis made the first homo run of the season in an Indianapolis- Cincinnati, game. CAPTAIN ANSON, of tho Chicago Club, is having considerable trouble in getting the range of low balls. CINCINNATI'S first baseman, Reilly, Is the tallest man in the Association, being six fcrt two inches in height. PRESIDENT SPALDING, of the Chicago*, is said to Ix; worth tS.u&MMNi. Ten yearn ago be was .playing ball for a living. UNDER the new rules a pitcher can take a step in delivering tho? ball, providing his forward foot is on the ground when the ball is delivered. ONE of the feat ores of the instruction given to umpires of the American Association was to call every bail tliat i»a**e«* over any portion of the' plate a strike. THE Southern 1A ague clubs will have com- bined mileage of 4.\ouu miles, and this does not include the thousands ot miles the boys will run on tho diamond. THE left-handed twirlcrs will prove effec- tive this year on account of batsmen'not l>eing allowed to call for high balls on them. Ihey can pitch to suit themselves. ALL the members of the Baltimore Ameri- can Association team, an cxcliange remarks, are remarkably built ihen, ao/1 not a man measures lees than thirty-seven inchvs across the chest. THE League umpires will meet Secretary Young at his residence in Washington for the purpose of gdmg over the rules and deciding upon tlieir interpretation, so that decisions may be uniform. SOME of the New YorTc papers think that Newark and Jersey City will have all they can handle in trying to keep from occupying positions close to the tail end qf the Inter- national League race. A NOVEL method ot training has been adopted by Co troll, the Pittsburg League Club catcher, for hardening his hands. In- stead of catcning behind tWbat, he lias a player to pound the palms of his hands with a club. ' v THE salaries of the Indianapolis League Club players will aggregate nearly fcJO.uuo. Glasscock, who will be captain \>f the club, will receive $;»,00O, while Denny will be paid $2,000 and his travelling expenses from Oak- land. Cal.. to Indianapolis and return. Tlie - compensation of the rest of the team will range€tom * 1,400to$2,OU». THE DIFFERENT BASEBALL L&AUUE8. The twelve important ttoseball leagues control more than eighty clubs, and about 1,101) playei-s. Taking f.*>0i) as an average salary for plavers, the a££regate would be $\VJ,i*X) to ticklers and l>attci iex, and that is but one item of many. The leagues and clubs are as follows; National League^-Boston. Chicago,Detroit, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Wash- ington, Indianapolis. # American Association—Athletic (Philadel- phia), Baltimore, Brooklyn, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Louisville, Metropolitan, . St. Louis. International League—Buffalo, Bingram- ton, Hamilton], Jersey City. Newark, Oswego, Rochester, Syracuse. Toronto. 1'tica. Northwestern league—I>cs Moines.Duluth, Eau Claire, La Crosse, Minneapolis, Milwau- kee, Oshkoslt, ISt. VnpL Western I>otigue—Denver. Hastings. Leav- enworth Kansas City, Lincoln, Omaha, St. Joseph, Toa^ka. Southern t<eague—Charleston, Memphis Mobile, New Orleans, Nashville, Savaa^ nah. New England IxsagUe— Boston, Haverhill, I^nwrence, Lowell, Lynn, Manchester, Port- laud, Salem. Eastern fr-aguc—Bridgeport, Panbury, Hartford, Watcrbury, New Haven, Spring- field. Pennsylvania Association—Altoona, Brad- ford, Reading, Scranlou, Williamsport, Wilkesbariv. Michigan Sitate League—Kalamazoo,Grand Rapids, Lansing. Ohio League—Sandusky, Mansfield. Wheel- ing. National Colored League—Cincinnati, Washington, I/misville, New York, Pitts- burg, Baltimore. philn<Mt>hia. Boston. MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC. NILBSON'S terms for concerts are $2,000 per night. MR. BISHOP claims to have made $30.000by his mind-reading exhibitions within the past two yeai*s. THE losses on the season of German opera given in New York this season are 'said to have approximated to $1(K»,(KK). r. IT is just thirty years ago that Edwin' Booth made his \fli-st apj^ui-onoe in New York. He played \Richardvll 1.*' WHEN Christine Nilsson began singing she got $200 a month, but a few years later her manager had to pay her $1,400 anight. MRS. LANGTRY will produce 4 *€!eoiia4ra •- in New York next Septeml>ei\ and >will sjiend $-10,000 on it. she says. Over 200 people will be employed in the production. \*\* HARRY PETTITT, who is the author of more strikingly successful melodramas than any other English-speaking writ<^% intends pay- ing \the States\ a visit next autumn. MMK.VXLDA,'whoso Italian opera company came to grie(f in New York lost reason, has been engaged as soloist by the Boston t>ym- phouy Orchestra for the concert tour. THE subscription sale for the Patti operatic season ut the %: w York MetrojK>liUin Opera House wa£ a great success, and brilliant audiences were assured for all the perform- ances. Miss THERESIXA Ar>AM«, a voung Ameri- can singer, lias lx*u selected by Mae*tro Bimbofii to create the role of Mori vara in his new opera, \Haidonk which is to be brought out soon in FJoiynoe. THE su<*ce»s of tlw» cxjniic opera, \Erminie.* 1 at the Casino, New York, can bo guewd from the fact that4he entire house wa.«*/is»ld out for theJtooth |»erfprmaiice as soon as lha tickets could be delivered from the box of- fice. THE manager of Mr. DOylv Carte's oper- atic companies is Miss Helen Lenoir, who is an excellent business woman. She brought the \Ruddygore' 1 company a-Toss WMJ At- lantic and got it to work in New Ybrk with expedition and without fuss. x QUEEN ELIZABETH of Roumania went recently incognito to a music teacher in Bucharest to have her voice tried. The pro- fessor bluutly informed her that she'Tutd jn*4 al»out enough voi<-e to qudhly he. for the |«o- sition of a chorus girl iu comic opera. EK;HT theatiies wore desttyiyed by fire Wc4. year. iTbev were iu Derby.'England, by gas explobion behind the *ccne>; at Rochum. Germany, unused; at Kavennn. Italy, Madrid.'Orleansvilie, Algiers. White's Thea- tre in Detroit, in Leuberg, and in Tumevally, India. _^_—-^^_^_ THE new narrow gage incline railroad «S> Lookout Mountain, just completed, ha-; oo*. about $#lu.ooo. it run* from the i<n»t of th» mouutaiu to tin* spot whuv (*«-U»«IH1 J^» i HOO'OJI plant**! his nag v

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