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Hamilton County record. (Wells, N.Y.) 189?-1947, January 13, 1938, Image 1

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CARL L FRY ^TATE, Proprwtor, IRan^Umt Comtig ^erori) oprwtor, W«Ms, N. Y. \A PAPfR FOR THE PEOPLE OF HAMILTON COUNTY” VERNON E. I VERNON E. DEWEY, Editor, WoNs, N. H VOL. XLV. NO. 2 WELLS, N. Y., THURSDAY,!JANUARY 13, 1938 News Review of Current Events BILLION FOR DEFENSE President Wants Bigger Navy . . . Budget Message Reveals Larger DeficitJ Less Revenue Silk to feed anti-Japanese bonfire fiames is being gathered from the shapely limbs of girls at Vassar college, Poughkeepsie, N. X., where the delegates to the third annual convention of the American Student Union staged a demonstration for a boycott against Japanese goods. Silk stock­ ings, shirts and neckties were burned. 14/, J^LckeJcd SUMMARIZES THE WORLD’S WEEK © Western Newspaper Union. ^ Budget Message Summary ORE vitally important than his annual message on the state of the nation was President Roose­ velt’s budget message to congress. In it he forecast a deficit of $1,088,- 129,600 for the current. fiscal year which ends on June 30, and a deficit of $949,606,000 for the 1939 fiscal ^ The budget W 01 near future, the national revenut estimates being reduced because the business depression. very large inventories of parts and sub-assemblies. Hourly wage rates are 30 per cent above 1929, all direct manufac­ turing costs equal to 1929, but auto prices per i pound are still 13 per cent below 1929. —-K— For -National Defense here was no promise that the rould be balanced in the Nearly a billion dollars was asked yy the President for national de­ fense because of “world conditions over which this nation has no con­ trol,” and more may be called for soon for the same purpose. Summarized, the President’s budget statement said: Revenues for the next fiscal year will total $5,919,400,000, a decrease of $401,076,000 from the present fis­ cal year. Expenditures, exclusive of debt retirements, will total $6,869,000,000, a decrease of $539,600,000 from the present fiscal year. National defense appropriations will total $991,300,000, an increase of several extra naval vessels. Relief expenditures for the next fiscal year will total roughly $1,138,- 304,000, a decrease of $841,356,000 from the present fiscal year. The deficit will be financed through Social Security and other trust funds and not through .public borrowing. The deficit estimate for the fiscal year which ends June 30 has been raised from $695,000,000 to $1,088,- 100,000, because of the business re­ cession. Expenditures for new highways, new rivers and harbors projects, new public buildings, new recla­ mation projects and other new pub­ lic works will be reduced sharply. The public debt will reach a rec­ ord high of $38, 30, 1939. 8,528,200,000 on June Senators Hear About Autos A ETER listening for two days to government officials, the seri­ ate committee studying unemploy­ ment and relief-turned to industrial leaders for information and advice. It began with the automotive in­ dustry, receiving a long and ex­ haustive statement from the Auto­ mobile Manufacturers’ association which includes all the most.impor­ tant concerns in the industry ex­ cept the Ford company. Major points in the statement were: In 1937, 4,800,000 automobiles were produced in the United States, 10 per cent less than in 1929. Employment averaged 517,000, largest ever and 16 per cent above 1929. The' automobile industry was the only -pne having an increase in la- ' bor cost per unit of output since ;32.04 months of 1937. At present dealers have on hand about 400,000 new cars, highest since 1930; manufacturers have 1929. Weekly earnings of workei averaged $f for first eighi \DEFORB the ifeading of the budget message in congress had been concluded, the President was in conference .in the White House with men who will have most to do with putting into effect his plans for strengthening the national de­ fense. These were Assistant Sec­ retary of the Na'vy Charles Edi­ son and Admiral William D. Leahy, chief of naval operations; Chair­ man Edward T. Taylor of the house appropriations committee, Chair­ man Carl Vinson of the house naval affairs committee, and Representa­ tive William B. Umstead, chairman of the appropriations sub-committee on naval apijropriations. The group considered additions to the navy building program, includ­ ing recommendations dor beginning construction on five battleships to replace aU obsolete American capi­ tal vessels, ten to fifteen cruisers, and additional submarines, destroy­ ers, and auxiliary craft. Sutherland Retires TIT AVING passed the retireinent age of seventy-five years. As­ sociate Justice George Sutherland notified the President that he would quit his seat in the Supreme court on January 18. Like Justice \Van Devan- ter, he will still be eligible for duty in the lower courts at his own pleasure. Justice Suther­ land, a former Unit­ ed States senator from Utah and a former president of the American Bar association, was ap­ pointed to the Supreme court by President Harding in 1922.' H e ----- born in Buckinghamshire, Eni and was brought to th States in his infancy. He was iden­ tified with the conservative wing of Immediately upon the announce­ ment of Sutherland’s retirement, eryone began guessing as to successor. It was taken for gra] that Mr. Roosevelt would select a ■anted liberal. Prominent among those _»lace was S( Sherman Minton of Indiana, tioned for the Senator Deal. If the appointment goes to the Middle West, Gov. Frank Mur­ phy of Michigan seemed to stand a good chance. ^ _ Can't Limit Strikes?' ^ H E national labor relations board informed congress in its annual report that legal limitations on the right to strike would be un­ constitutional. The statement was made in the face of a reviving drive to amend the Wagner act, under which the board operates, and to take steps to increase trades im- ions responsibility. them.” The President again urged con­ gress to enact legislation for con­ trol of wages and hours of work. He asked that all segments of the na­ tion co-operate with the government to achieve better economic balance. Reasserting his approval of pro­ posed changes in tax laws, he said; “Three things should be kept in mind. First the total sum to be de­ prived by the federal treasury must notTt>e, decreasedI j Hill to Be Alabama Senator “D EP. LISTER HILL, administra- tion adherent, is to be the new senator from Alabama. In the Dem­ ocratic primaries he defeated for­ mer Senator Tom Heflin, and that is equivalent to election. The seat he wiU have, formerly filled by Hu­ go Black, has been occupied since Black’s elevation to the Supreme court by Dixie Bibb Graves, wife of Governor Graves, but it was agreed that she would resign as soon as an election was held. Mr. Hill, who is forty-three years old, will be one of the youngest members of the senate. He has been serving as chairman of the house military affairs committee. — ■¥— No New Deal Refreat D EADING his annual message on ^ the state of the nation before the senate and house at the opening of congress, President Roosevelt de­ clared his purpose to advance upon the same fundamentals of the New Deal that have hitherto been proposed. He said: “I do not propose to let the people down. I am sure the con­ gress of the United States will not let the people down. We hold our principles and our objectives to be sound. We will go back on as a result of any changes in schedules. Second, * [ses by individuals IS desig or corpora- taxpaying business corporate and otherwise-^ abuses which we have sought, with great success, to end—^must not be restored. “ Third, we should r i^ tly change certain provisions where they are proven to work definite hardship, especially on the small business men of the nation. “But speculative income should not be favored over earned in­ come.” Speaking of his attitude toward the nation’s business as a whole, Mr. Roosevelt declared: “The overwhelming majority of business men and bankers intend to be good citizens. Only a small minority have displaced poor citi­ zenship by engaging in practices is straightforward and true. government of the Unit- • taken any posi- “No person in any responsible place in the government of the Unit ed States has5 ever taken any pos; tion contrary to it.” H e called for prompt agreem e n ts ever to it.” on a farm program—now in ference between the house and ate—and asked specifically that con­ gress “keep the cost of its adminis­ tration within the figure of current government expenditures in aid of agricxilture.” Farley Finds a Surplus flM FARLEY, in his annual re- port as postmaster general, was able to show a surplus of more than 12 millions for his department. To do this, however, he deducted an ex­ pense item of about 60 million dol­ lars, calling it a “nonpostal” item. He charged off the air and ocean mail subsidies and all free mail. Dealing with the activities of the postal inspection service, Farley said the traffic in spurious lottery tickets is re^m. broken up with the arrest and con­ viction of a band of racketeers in the East who disposed of more than 10 million dollars’ worth of such tick- more than 10 ets in the last few years. — -k— China Reorganization ■rNSTEAD of surrendering to the Japanese invaders, the govern­ ment of China has been reorganized and plans made for continued re­ sistance against the enemy. Chiang Kai- shek, as was pre­ dicted some time ago in this column, has dropped all his civil duties and wiU devote himself to building up a n d leading the army. He is now command­ er in chief of the land forces and tem­ porarily at the head of the navy. Finance Minister H, H. Kung, his brother- in-law, succeeds him as president of the executive yuan, or premier, and other important changes have been made in ministries and key ‘ It was announced that he has in training a new army of 800,000 men to support the 900,000 who are com­ bating the Japanese. Chiang Kai-shek British Demand Indemnity for Jap Bombs Demand for full satisfaction for the bombing of H. M. S. Ladybird, British gunboat which was damaged daring the Japanese airplane bombardment of the U.S. S. Fanay, has be,en made by the British govern­ ment. Photograph shows the shrapnel-scarred vessel. An earlier “explanation” was rejected by the British cabinet and a blunt demand was made that a full explanation and indemnity be forthcoming. Poland’s Proxy Is Handy With a Rifle President Ignacy Mosicki/of Po­ land is shown here with the giant lynx he shot during a hunting trip in the Bielowieza state forest. The lynx was the largest ever brought to gun in Poland. Despite his seventy years, President Mosicki is one of the country’s most ardent hunting enthusiasts and an excellent shot. The Bielowieza state forest has been a hunting preserve for gener- atimui. It was used extensively by Bussiau noblat. dniiA&, ii i9 . J ikA wboii“T^(ffattd’^was\ Czar’s empire. It abounds in a wide variety of wild game, including deer, bear, fox, wolf and lynx» a favorable income and the realization of the flock owner’s objective. In acquiring such a flock it is helpful to mark those birds that start laying early, especially if they are of good type, size and of appar­ ent good health. disaL she is still laying ^ ^ - 5 “ - - - - - A Williams’ Port Bay Bulls.—Almost one-third of the 1,200 residents of this thriving fishing center are named \Wiliiams although few are related. ONE CENTURY OLD Here’s a Friend in Need Alert and smiling, Mrs. Ellen Fin­ ley demonstrates her Grade A eye­ sight by threading a needle on her one hundredth birthday. Mrs. Finley is a resident of Melbourne, Australia. Elmer Sheldon, right, uses this cigarette holder to provide a smoke for Lester Schmitt, who is in the same room in a St. Louis hospital suffering from two broken arms and a broken leg. Schmitt is unable to hold a cigarette so the stick , was devised. A nail in the end of the stick also is used to feed candy to his friend. Skiers Pray for Divine Guidance An interior scene during the second annual Ski mass in St. Kieraan’s church in Berlin, N. H,, as hun­ dreds of skiers of all faiths attended the special services to invoke divine aid on the trails. These special services for winter sports devotees inaugurated last year are being followed in churches in other northern services for winter sports devotees inaugurated ski centers. EtINNING WATER IN HOME FROM LAYERS Well Managed Flock Would Pay for Equipment. By H . H. Alp, Poultry Extension Specialist, University of Illinois.—WNU Service. A flock of 200 hens, properly man- complete installation of a sink, run­ ning water and bathroom in a farm Installation of a sink, running wa­ ter and a bathroom would add to the comfort of many farm homes, and the effort and expense could Sb-' justified by the added protection af­ forded the health of the farm fam­ ily. Poultry records show that the ap­ proximate profit , from a 200-hen flock amounts to $256. This amount represents about two-thirds of the total cost of a simple pressure wa- ■ ter system installation, with the nec­ essary fixtures for kitchen and bath- A^iersistent determination to use poultry as a means to meet such an objective often has more to do ywth the success of a poultry enter­ prise than the flock owner’s or poultry. Acquiringsquiring r’s love a flock of birds with the inherent ability to lay well during the winter months has a fa effect on poultry cash i Urges Growers to Buy Good Vegetable Seed High quality vegetable seed is al­ ways the most economical, for prof­ its from Einy crop are directly pro­ portionate to the yields, C. H. Niss- versi^, reminds farmers. The purchase and use of good seed are among the first essentials of ob­ taining high yields, Mr. Nissley says, in urging vegetable growers to spend plenty of time and thought on the selection of their seed during the coming months. Some concerns specialize in seed for certain kinds of vegetables and offer better stock seed than is oth­ erwise available, he reports. While some vegetable seed, such as let­ tuce, is produced by a few large companies in California and sold by many seed houses, certified seed from such locally grown vegetable crops as tomatoes, egg plants and peppers is available. In many\ in­ stances, the seed is produced and saved by local growers so that the quality is known and the strain adapted to local soil and climatic conditions. If possible, order a quantity of seed a year in advance and plant row or, two of it as a test to make sure that it is true to name and type, Mr. Nissley advises growers. Approved Fattening Mash Following are the ingredients of a good fattening ration, supplied by a poultryman in the Montreal Herald; Five hundred pounds fine ■ground wheat, 600 pounds fine ground oats, 580 pounds fine ground barley, 200 pounds meat- meal 60 per cent, 100 pounds dered milk, 20 pounds fine io salt (.05 per cent). The analysis of this mash shows the following 17.0 fibre, 5.75 per cent; digestible pro­ tein, 14.0 per cent; digestible nu­ trients, 74.5 per cent. Serve in wet mash (3 pounds water for 2 pounds meal) three meals, of about 15 minutes, daily. Birds should fast 24 hours before' commencing with this mash. Down on the Farm Wool is bought while stiU on the sheep in Argentina. A dairy cow uses about 41,000 jaw movements a day in chewing. At a sale of prize cattle in Buenos ■Aires, Argentina, 55 head brought $218,000. Feather picking of turkeys, as with chickens, develops when birds are not kept busy. STAINED PAGE

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