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Auburn journal and advertiser. (Auburn, Cayuga Co., N.Y.) 1834-1848, October 11, 1837, Image 2

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p i S o t t r n a l a n a S t t r t u r r t l s e r A U B U R N , O C T O B E R 1 1 , 1 8 3 7 . M t v The People's Candidate f o r President. d e n . W illia m H . H a r r ison. For Senator— 7 th District. JO H N M A Y N A R D . o f Seneca County. For Clerk. W IL L IA M R IC H A R D S O N , o f Springport. For Assembly. IS A A C S. M IL L E R , of Auburn. H E N R Y R. F I L L E Y , of Brutus. N A T H A N G, M O R G A N , o f Fenice. For Coroners. JO H N E L D R ID G E , of A u lum . ISA A C S. T U R N E R , of Sterling. T O W N O F SCIPIO . T he W i n g s o f the town of Scipio, are reques­ ted to meet nt the house o f Joseph Bishop on Saturdav, the 14th inst for the purpose o f ma­ king such arrangements for tbe coming election as tnay be deemed advisqhle. By order of Town Executive Committee. T O W N O F M E N T Z . T he W h i ? i o f the T o w n o f Mentz are re* quested to meet at the Tavern o f Alanson Gra- }««m. in Port-Byron, on Saturday the 28lh ol October inn. fur the purpose of appointing Com* mittces, and organizing for toe approaching elec­ tion. By order o f T o w n Executive Commiitee. M a r y l a n d E l e c t i o n is over, and the result is received. The General Assembly will consist of 51 Whigs and 35 Van Burenitfs — and the Senate, being a solid W h ig phalanx o f 15 will give fhe whigs a c lear mejority in joint ballot, of 31 votes. T h e Governor and Council are to bn chosen by tbe Legislature this year fbr the last time. A disastrous Conflagration took place in Roch­ ester last w e e k , which destroyed property to the am o u n t o f $50,000. It broke out in the Hy­ draulic Building, on Buffhlo-st. occupied by ma­ chine and turning shop?, spread ng to the Custom grist mill, oil mill, cabinet and turning shop, large stone building occupied as machine shops, rifla factory, &c. together with sever*! smaller buildings, a 1! o f which, with their contents, were destroyed. T h e City Mills were much damaged. But & small share o f the property destroyed was insured. T h e F a r m e r s ’ S c h o o l B o o k , is the title of a ntw w o r k , hy Professor J . Orville Taylor. editor o f the “ Common School A s s i s t a n t . ” In the language of tbe preface— “ T h is little work has Been published to take the place o f the present almost useless, unintelligible reading. Its object is to give children, while they are receiving their school education, a sci­ entific, practical knowledge ofthe labours o f man. bnod. T o the Y o u n g F a r m e r the work is in­ valuable, and it will seize the feelings and get tbe attention o f every child that is learning to read. T h e improvement of our schools, and the inter­ ests o f Agriculture, have long been calling for such a w o ik. It has now ap p e a r e d , full o f tbe most useful information, yet in a small, cheap form. T h e schools may obtain it without delay.” It contains an excellent article on Sheep H u s ­ bandry by Judge Buel —another oo Hemp, by Hon. Henry Clay and many others from the ablest pens and b ist works on agricultural sub- j'e t s . T h e study .of Agriculture has never yet b e e n introduced into the common schools of the country— L et this now be done— let the sons of Farm e r s be taught in that art hy their Icnowledgo o f which they intend in after years to gain a live­ lihood and render thence]/e* independent, and fhe good effect will very s o o n be vis:ble. T h e work is published by Ivison d* Terry, of whom it may be obtained at wholesale or retail. O p R C andidate f o r S e n a t o r . — It is well understood by the Whigs, and is greatly appre* bended by many of the mo3t prominent and ho­ norable o f ihe Van Buren party, that a new and dangerous faction, hitherto called Loco-focos, en­ couraged by the unprecedented misfortunes of the country, are forcing their way into the counsels ofthe State. W h e ther the zeal which distinguishes, these new lights is h o nest and fanatical, or w h e t h e r it is but tbe ultraism of discontented partisans, de­ termined upon obtaining higher places in the Van Buren ranks : it is certain that their purpose is lo break up all the exisHng institutions and systems of the country which are identified wilh the prosper­ ity the country has attained. If this party shall be able to supplant the present leaders of the Van Buren party, too m u c h identified as they nre with the moneyed institutions of the country, the change will be only from bad to worse— from weak, irresolute abettors of evil, to bold and reckless architects of ruin. A great battle must be fought before the peo­ ple of this country submit to tlie sway n f these reckless factionists ; the hands o f tbe W h igs will be strengthened, and their numbers increased by thousands already alarmed at the fearful tendon, cy o f events. Itis the part ofduty, o f patriotism, and o f s o u n d policy, to fortify the stro n g places. O n e o f these, p e r h a p s th e m o s t im p o r t a n t citadel in all com i n g coriflb-t* w i t h this p o w e r , is tho Senate of this State. Our W h ig delegates have had l careful eye to this duty in the selection of iheir candidate for Senator fbr this district. It is k n o w n that t h e y a s s e m b l e d , p r e p a r e d w i t h c*ret>! u n a n i m i t y to s u r r e n d e r all local in t e r e s t s o • and feelings t and although this county has a re- presentative in the Senate, to call into (he service a citizen o f this county, esteemed and confided in throughout the distiict, who had faithfully se r v e d th e people heretofore in tlie s a m e re=pon- sible station : tb a t t h a t in d i v i d u a l being absent, and his fiiend* bein g unwilling lo assu m e for him that he could or ought to be required to take a nomination, the Convention, wilh the sam e ge­ nerous regard to ithe great interests involved, adopted the name of JO H N MAYNARD, of Seneca— a man every way worthy o f the post, and qualified to fill it with the highest ability and usefu'ness. T h e district contains no more plain, unassuming, or upright citizen— no more sound or uniform republican— no more uncompromis­ ing W h i g . Ho has served his fellow citizens o f Seneca county in Ihe Stale Legislature and in Congress, nnd in those places, as well as in a long practical experience at the bar, has acquired a reputation for talents and sound learning which has but few equals in tbe district. W e commend him most earnestly and most confidently to the electors of Cayuga county, who wish to roll back the press­ ing tide of ruinous experiments, ui tha very man mo.-t fitted for that purpose. I. Th# Globe says that • tlie Government has nothing l o do but to take care of its o w n interests.’ T h e recent elections show that the people 1 egin to think tho time has arrived fbr them to take care of their iuteiests. I f they continue on as they have begun, the Government will soon be brought to perceive that its interests are not tlto- gether disconnected from tlio-e of the people 1 At the fop o f this column we have placed the names comprising the W h ig Ticket for the ap­ proaching election. The enndidate* are pn ba- hly know n to most o f our Elec tors, and v a l u e d as men in every respect worthy of their confi­ dence. CAYUGA C O U N T Y DEM OCRATIC W HIG C O N V E N T I O N . Pursuant to public notice, a Convention of Democratic Whig Delegates from the several towns in said county assem b l e d at the Western Exchange, in Auburn, on the 7th day of October, at 2, P. M. The Convention was called to order by Lyman Paine, Esq., Auburn ; when, on motion, Alfred Avery, Esq., of Genoa, was chosen chairman of the Contention, and Messrs. John McIntosh, of Aurelius, and Amos Gould, of Auburn, were appointed secretaries. The following delegates appeared from the several towns, and took seats in the Convention : — Auburn — Lyman Paine, Isaac S. M iller, D. D. Thomas, Amos Gould, Hiram Rathbun, John Eldridge, George C. Skinner, and Cyrus C. Dennis. Aurelius — Moseley Hutchinson, John McIntosh. Abraham A. Staats, and Jesse Maxwell Davis. Brutus — Robert Hopkins, Sylvester Sheldon, Samuel Crosman, and Jacob Beach. Cato — John McLean. Conquest ’-D a n iel Miller, and Albert Crane. Fleming -— Newton Marsh, John Yan Tuyl, Robert Covan, Isaac S. Suydam, and William Morgan. Genoa — Alfred Avery, Stephen Woodin, D. R. Pearl, Joseph Crocker, Samuel C. Lyon, and A s h b e l A v e r y . “fra — Sam’l Phelps, and D. O. Durkee. L e d y a r d — Edwin B. Morgan, Daniel L. A*erv, Dt?vid White, Andrew Cock, Samuel’ S. Cck?nle/,and Norman Durkee. Sam u e l B e l l , T a m p e r , and M e n tz — Peter d a r k , C . W . K a y n e s , J o h n I Silas N. Brett. M o ravia — Loyal Sfoyell, Jam e s A* Curtice, Thomas Morey, Isaac Sanford, and Gideon Wright. JYiles- —John Rooks. Owasco — Manuel G. Devoe. Scipio — Asa Griswold, Phineas Hurd, Justus Allen, Samuel Fleming, and Humphrey Howland. - Springport — Jonathan Carr, George P. Morgan, L . H . Davis, and William Richardson. Venice —Eiery A. Howland, William Bennett, John Niblo, Nathan G. Morgan, and Henry D. Cories. On motion of E . B . Morgan, it was Resolved , That a committee of three be appointed to wait upon the Hon. Wm. H. Seward, and invite him to take a seat as a member, and parlicipale in the delibera­ tions of the Convention. Whereupon, E. B. Morgan, Moseley rlutchinson, and D. R. Pearl, were by the chair appointed such committee. The Convention, being thus organized, was addressed by Dr. P. Hurd, of Scipio, in a series of appropriate and pointed re­ marks. The delegates from the several district^ retired to con s u l t ; and after coming gether, the Contention, by ballot, s e lect^!/ as Candidate# for members of Assemb IS A A C S. M IL L E R , of Auburn ; H E N R Y R. F I L L E Y , of Brutus; and N A T H A N G. M O R G A N , of V eni/e ; nnd, on motion of Dr. Hurd, it was Resolved unanimously. That said indi­ viduals be the Democratic Whig Candi­ dates for Members of Assembly frorn this County. On motion of M. Hutchinson, Esq., of Aurelius, it was Resolved, That a committee of five be appointed lo draft Resolutions and an Address to be presented to tbe Convention The following gentlemen composed said committee:— Moseley IfuCchinsdn of Aurelius; Amos Gould and Ilir^m ‘ Another State (Maine) has fallen into the ranks of the Opposition— a Stale which a year ago was ten thousand strong in support o f t h e Ad­ ministration ! Will such practical lessons of i i- struclion — such u strong though silent voice of admonition, pass unliP'.-ded ? O r does madness continue to rule tlie hour V So asks the Standard—which is the organ of Van Burenism in Onondaga county. In answ e r : ‘ M a d n e ss,’— the madness o f t h e present party in power does seem lo govern those who should be the servants of the people— but vVe k n o w not of so likely a mode of bring ng them to their senses as that adopted by the people, and already acted upon in several of the States. L e t this State d o i t s duty, and all m a rks of insanity will have passed away. T h e wishes of tlie people will no longer be treated with contempt. ‘ There is but one opinion o f the President’s Message among the democracy of the country. W h y should there be but oue opinion?’— N . Y. Daily News. Because * the party’ in most parts of the coun­ try have made up their minds to swallow it whole! At the County Convention which ‘ the party’ folks held sotno weeks since, they endeavored to look a little at its * p r i n c i p l e s and r e c o m - i R „ thbun> o f Auburn ; C. W. Haynes,.'of m e n t a t i o n s , ’ and in less than ten minutes the MPntz; and E. B. Morgan, of Ledyard. very genius of confusion and discord appeared to <j'be Convention then proceeded/ by be among them. But at length they agreed to b ,]jotj {0 solect U suitable person to b ! no take it asa whole—to swallow it (although rather minated for the office of County Clerk, a bitter dose) for ‘ the good of the party;’ nnd Whereupon accordingly up comes a resolution, ( ‘ We approve W IL L IA M R IC H A R D S O N , of the President’s Message,’) which was taken L f Springport, having received the great as bitter pills usually are, without being crumbled eg ^ number 1 of votes, was, on motion of or dissected? I Mr. Hiram Rathbun, of Auburn, unani­ mously declared to be the Candidate for County Clerk. The Convention then proceeded to no­ minate candidates for the office of Coro­ ner ; when JO H N E L D R I D G E , of Auburn, and IS A A C S. T U R N E R , of Sterling, w e r e u n a n i m o u s l y n o m i n a t e d The committee appointed to draft Reso­ lutions reported the following : — Resolved, That whereas the measures T h e S o u t h e r n L i t e r a r y M es sen ge r for Fnpt. has been some days on our table. It is well filled, wilh (in most cases) very good articles. T h e Elections in Now-Jerfey, Pennsylvania, ; £ W e intended to give a list o f its contents, but find nnd Ohio, took p l a c e yesterday. that a fiiend has ‘just dropped in,’ and ‘borrowed’ the N o .] T h e Messenger is certainly a most valuable magazine; and is in every respect worlhy of encouragement. O ’ B. R . Peck, i agent, at the Post Office. F o r some few months past, the Van Buren men o f Semsca Falls have been endeavoring to sustain m loeo-foeo paper in that village; but it w a s against the feeling o f lhe community. Enough o f Van Burenism was seen and/e/i in the occur- T h e N e w - Y o r k S t a t e A n t i - S l a v e r y S o . fences ot the day, without the aid o f a paper in ciety recently held its anniversary at Utica, j proposed bythe servants of the -people, their midst to spread around the fireside of itr i n - ■ T h e r e is said to have been near 500 delegates I a r e *b® le a s t c a l c u l a t e d to relieve habitant# su. h p r e p o s t e r o u s “ principles, doc- ! trines, a n d rec o m m e n d a t i o n s - ’’ -Arid according­ l y , W e o b s e r v e th a t (In: p a p e r alln d r d to lias recently breathed its last* and ihat the same ma­ terials are now Used in the esiat lishment of the Qttncca Falls Courier, a paper fully devoted to ; 8IX hundred delegates. the causa o f the W h igs, and to :h« promulgation j E ducation . — We have, been favored by Hon. of sentiments intimately connected with the best; Will,am H- Seward, with a copy o f his address interests o f ths com. trv. 1 d e l i v e r e d al Vv'estfield, in J u ly last — rfrom which G e r.it Smith, E s q . was president. T h e ] llie(n fro m th e i r p r e s e n t b o w e d a n d h u m bled condition, and whereas as the want of means to pursue the usual avocations of the business portion of community} wil give am p l e time for an appeal to the bal­ lot b o x e s , which c a n afford the only su r e and substantial relief; ire do therefore humbly trust and believe that the time lilts arrived when the friends of civil liberty will re unite to rescue that freedom pur present. session lasted th r e e Hay^. The W h igs of Ulster county have had it Con* veniion, 8t Which were present between five and It will be seen bj the doings of C»ngiess, that M r. Cambreleng (one of tin* faithful') ha* reported % bill m i k i n g further and a d d i t i o n a l appropria­ tion# for the present year. Although tha couniry is pro#!rate and lundless, we hero see the parts chairman o f a party committee coming forward to recommend still more extravagance on the part o f t h e Governm e n t, in order thnt the offioe-hold -*r#m t t y b e enabled to reap a still more abundant h u r v t s ’. ! _____________________ ______________ F o r a sketch o f Mr. SeWa&d’s admirable re­ mark* in the Convention, op- 6 <dri.iday last, the reader is referred to th e 4th co'mnn. M i c h i g a n . — F our years ago, a most evpry elector was a Jackson tr.an. At the la.-t election out o f 2 1,000 votes, the W h igs numbered 10 , 0 0 0 ! St. ong hopes ate entertained f ur the Whig cause at the next contest in the course of a month. wo shall give o u r readers many rich treats so soon I c f iased by the blood and treasure of o u r as o u r columns are sufficiently cleared of politi- j ancestors, cal matter. It is a production which will rank high among thoss upon the same subject,—and will be read with profit bv all who taka an inte­ rest in improving the condition and advancing the means o f knowledge o f tho rising generation. Resolved, That the position byj the President in his message, now for the!firs time put forth, that the government is one thing, and the people another, or th people look for too much from thef gqv * T h e General G o v e r n m e n t , like an individual «Mxen, has nothing fo do but to lake care o f its ow n interests.* T h e above degrnded and degrading s e n t i m e n t appeared ifl Van Buren's official p:por at Wash­ ington,— the Globe. Here is tho distinct avowal thnl the Government has interests distinct from tho interests o f the people—and rights, probably, hit* the extent o f which it is not becoming for ths ptople to inquire 1 T h * B u ’ FaLO P o s t O f f v k w a s first e s t a ­ blished in 1803. Tho mail was then convoyed firem the east on horseback once in tw o w e e k s . 66 mails aro now received nt. made up. and des­ patched every week. T h e amount o f postages received per year at this office is not far from # 8 0 , 0 0 0 . t T * i N e w - Y o h k k i x has raised the price of (^tfikiriplion. T h e lolio copy is hereafter to be doHn'i *-year, and the quarto fo u r dollars. A I I wljo have paid in advance w i 'l receive it at rale so long a* su-.’h payment settles. F R* Peck, a gen*. W e find the following among the Resolution.* adopted b y t h e Van Buren Senatorial Convention held at Cayuga, on the 2Gtli ult., which in its way may be looked upon as an oddi y •— ‘Reso'ved, T h a t o f t h e many triumphs to w h i c h \Republicans tony look, as at once the sources of their pride, and tlie foundation o f their hopes, none is the c a u s e o f higher exultation, or more auspicious in its re-tilts, lhan their signal success jn t h e last s t i l e a n d n a t i o n a l e l e c t i o n s . ’ A s to lhe stale elections, ii must be that the Convention had its eye upon those in Mississip. pi, Nurth-C.arolina, Tennessee, Kentuck}*, India, na, Rhode-IilantJ, a»d Marne, m all o f which, ex. cepting the first, the Van Buienites have been routed, horse, foot and dragoons. And as to the i.a t i a n a l elections, it s triker US they must have a'luiled, in part, to the choice 35 i printer of Allen (editor of the Conservative ’ Madisonian,’) in place of their own degraded candidate, Blair, of tlie Globe J As consolations ofthi* kind aro*?o very satisfactory to them, they certainly have our £“<• st wishes. __ ____________________ Deposite Banks .— The depo-ite banks, in N. Y. owe the general government scarcely a dollar. Much as they have been slandered, they have paid their way well, and iheir bills are now worth wiih- tn & per cent, ofsilver. M a thias, the Prophet, is still travel­ ing about the country. He lately passed through Wellsburg, Virginia, on foot dressed in a long frock coat, and carrying another coat on his shoulder. H is beard gave him a savage appearance. H e had one follower. ernment, is dangerous in its tendency an untrue in point o f facts— and it msy he well for such political doctrinarians learn, if thoy have not already learne n ° et ,t’ that our Constitution and Government was organ zed upon the principle, that the people and the government are inseparable, and ihat the people may and can govern themselves. Resolved, That the Sub-Treasury scheme is well calculated to increase E x ­ ecutive patronage nnd power, and there- foie lessen and endanger the liberties of the people; that it is the growth of a mo­ ment and conceived in fear. Resolved. That the proposition by the President and the administration members of the Senate now in Congress assembled, to retain the fourth instalment due to the several stales in the Union under the de­ posite law of 1836, is unjust and inex­ pedient, because it will prevent Us appro­ priation to those objacts desigaaied~by- 4 h.e several states; and parljdul state to Ihe encouragemeht/tfnfriupBp|t of education from which all derpr« atre ^ benefit. ^ Resolved, Tbat the preseHT'deranged state of the currency is owing to the tam­ pering therewith by the late .and present administration, and that the present ad­ ministration is most solemnly pledged in the face of the whole world, to give us a better; and.we now most solemnly bind ourselves to hold them to their pledge thus solemnly made. Resolved, That a well regulated system of credit is one of the pillars of a free gov­ ernment, k sustains and upholds a mutual confidence peculiarly the property and character of freemen, it enlarges the field of enterprize in commerce, in m anu fac­ tors and in agriculture. Therefore we are in favor of Bunks properly organized, and so restricted as to make the bill holder at all times secure, and the bills converti­ ble into specie at lhe will of the holder. Resolved, That the recent declaration of Silas Wright on the floor of the Senate, “ that unless relief was afforded ihe gov­ ernment would not be able to fulfil its en - gagemenls more than f ifteen or twenty days,” is a disgrace to the officers of the government, and ia the best evidence yet afforded the people, that their agents are incompetent to discharge their duties, lavish of their funds, false in their profess­ ions, and corrupt in their intentions. Resolved, That the marked disoppto- bation and rebuke of the conduct of our rulers, by the people of the states of Ken­ tucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Rhode Island and Maine, affords strong ground to hope, that the Empire state too, may come to the rescue, and therefore we will buckle on the armor, and fight with renewed con­ fidence in the coming contest. Resolved, That the Whigs of this coun ty cordially approve of the nomination of Hon JO H N M A Y N A R D , of Seneca county, for the office of Sena­ tor for the Seventh Senate District; that they recognize in him a man of distinguis­ hed talents, and legislative as well as legal learning and experience, and of &uund de­ votedness to republican principle?. R e s o l v e d , T h a t we have full confidence in the integrity and talent9 of the candi­ dates nominated by this convention, and that we wiU give to them our undivided support. T h e Resolutions having been read by M. Hutchinson, Esq., Dr. Hurd moved their adoption by lhe Convention. Gen* H\lJ‘d observed that Mr. William H. Seward Was ?b«n in the convention in pursuance of ita invitation, and moved that he be requested to express his views on the present condition of ptioJic affairs. M R . S E W A R D ’S R E M A R K S . The Hon. W. H. Seward, having arose to second th# motion for the adoption of the Resolutions, sustained them by the fo!* lowing eloquent and powerful address to the Convention, which was listened to with marked interest and applause :— Mr. Chgirman, I wiil not stand upon ceremonies with my old Republican friends and associates of Cayuga. I owe an acknowledgement to them, for their kindness in extending to rne the invitation by which I hold a seat among them ; and I appreciate it the more highly because circumstances may have contributed in some degree to produce a doubt whether my interest in the prosperity of the Whig cause in this county remains unabated. The distinguished confidence wilh which IJiave so long been honored by the Whigs jOf this county with such entire unanimity, has seemed to.mo for, to enjoin upon me entire impartiality between friends, and I have therefore for several years abstained from taking any part in the meetings and conventions for the nom­ ination of candidates for office. But I have at all times with my best exertions contributed whatever aid was in my power to sustain all the candidates when selected by those upon whom the responsibility of nominaiion devolved. Circumstances re­ nting to my own personal affairs have called me often and long from this county, and I have understood that doubts have }een entertained, or affected, whether I lave not lost the attachment for my home and tho warm sympathies it should inspire. Once for all then, sauL M.r»^Sevcard, the Whigs of the county of Cayuga may have the assurance that however much my in­ terests may be involved or my associations may become endearing to me, as 1 admit they are in other regions of the state, the home of my choice is here. The Whigs with whom I will labor and will vole will be those whose long and unsuccessful struggle has so often been full of the most gratifying respect and exertion for myself, and not those whose success is always cer­ tain, and who, I tlmnk God, need not the aid of my vote. The present is an age of wonders and marvels. We are asked by some philosophers to surrender all ordinary and hitherto extraordinary means of loco­ motion and to commit ourselves to the elec­ tric fluid as the sole safe propelling power. The philosophy of the mind, it is said, is to give place to a new theory whereby Animal MagnPtism shall be made to ac­ count for its phenomena. We have ex­ changed a good, uniform, and sound circulating medium in our commercial transactions for a currency of gold and silver, more impracticable than either of those philosophical (heories. Now until the whole of these t'nrea Impossibilities are realized, let it no! be doubted that my gratitude will remain unabated and my sym p a t h i e s unchecked towards the gener­ ous friends to whom I have been indebted for all the unlooked for and unsolicited distinctions which have attended me. But said Miv-Ss these are personal con­ siderations and feelings, which ought not to detain this convention on so important an occasion. . Mr. Chairman, we are once more to Submit our candidates to the People, and | ask their support. Bs*t while our princi­ ples remain unchanged our attitude to­ wards the People is altogether netv. For nine years we have issued from our con­ ventions the language of remonstrance and warning. Nine ypars ago our coun­ try exhibited a scene of universal pros­ perity, peace with all the world, agricul­ ture, commerce and manufactures flour­ ishing, our government rapidly discharging the national debt, incurred as a part of the price of our liberty, the energies of this growing nnd vigorous nation employed in prosecuting a system of internal improve­ ment destined to render the Union indisso­ luble, Bnd mutual confidence pervading all the relations of society. This is a picture of our condition then, which every candid citizen will admit. But then arose that spirit of discontent which always has birth in times of abounding prosperity and se­ curity. Then arose a party who maintain­ ed that a soldier, honored and beloved as he was by his country^,had not received the full meed of his cSuntrys gratitude. hen went abroad throughout the land one loud shout of applause ,\ carrying with it tb%.ardent>and the reckless, and demand­ ing nothing less than that to the hand of \brave old soldier should be entrusted the helm of the noble ship freighted wilh aft our liberties, all our welfare, all our hopes and all that we bad solemnly sworn to preserve for our children. We remon­ strated in vain. It was in vain that we warned our countrymen that skill and courage in the field even with the highest patriotism were not sufficient evidence of experience and talent in public affairs. The still small voice was drowned in the shouts with which the Hero’s advetit to the executive chair was hailed. Tim e soon disclosed the justice of our fears. We saw the Supreme Judiciary of the land defied, the faith of solemn treaties with the Indians on our borders violated, and the judgment of the Courts trampled under foot. YVe again remonstrated but the confidence of our fellow, citizens was unshaken* Soon we saw that flushed with this dan­ gerous and confiding surrender of the opinion of the nation to one man, the chief assailed prematurely a public Institution identified with the prosperity of the coun­ try and claiming no less a sanction than that of the Father of his country. YYe remon 8 tated again with our fellow citizens and alike in vain. Although majorities of both houses elected by the People j-wkI fr iends and partisans of the same chief, passed a la\V renewing the charter of that Institution, hia will triumphed over that of the representatives of the People, and to question that will was throughout al! this land, sufficient conviction of bribery and corruption by an institution unknown to us all, but by the history of our country. It was not strange that the will of that in­ dividual now restrained by no bonds, by a violent usurpation of power, seized the whole public treasure of the country* wrested it from its lawful depository and placed it in custody unknown to the law, and subject only to his will. It vvas in vain that we warned our fellow citizens that this measure would shake into ruin the c o m m e r c i a l in t o r e s t s of the C o u n t r y , and spread dismay and confusion through­ out the land. Our remonstrance was un­ heeded. The very rebuke of so bold and dangerous an usurpation passed by the Senate, the only independent organ of public virtue left uncorrupted was in com* pliance with the reckless subserviency of the age expunged from its records, the crowning act of delusion and misguided confidence. But the change has come. We no longer warn the people against impending evils, and apprehended danger. The evils are here, and our eyes are novtf|directed to Congress, at this moment in/ex^raordinary session, in the vain hope that they may relieve the country from distress that has had no precedent. And how fearfully is {he scene changed ! There is now no cla- mor',?US applause of the Hero whose pas­ sionate anu reckless mismanagement has hurled our noble vessel upon the rocks. There is now no blind enthcfdusm to ob­ scure our judgment. Ther*» is tfflW no danger of exaggerating the mi?n.\rtuh? which ha^ befallen us. Our agriculturp, rich in Reproductions beyond al! preceding experience, languishes in many of its most important departments, and is crippled in. all. The commerce of our great cities has been struck down. Our manufac­ tories are paralyzed. Our works of in­ ternal improvement, of paramount impor tance. are suspended. Our gold and sil­ ver, no longer performing iheir function as (he support of our currency, are drained Irom us ; and the enterprising business­ men of the couniry are falling under the exactions of the broker and the usurer. The government, but recently disposing of untold revenue,^ is pledging its credit by issues of continental money, to pay the salaries of it^bmcers, and carry on a war, alike inglorious in success or defeat, against a miserable handful of Indians in the swamps of Florida. This is the brief history of the last nine years. Jf consciousness of integrity and virtue be worth the love of a virtuous man, how much satisfaction ought it not to afford us to reflect that we have stood firm, and discharged our duty? But the time has come for relief. YYe discuss these things more in sorrow than in anger with those who have differed from u‘. Crippled as the energies of the peo­ ple msy be, they cannot be ruined. They are ready, and are determined upon the remedy. The remedy must be effected by representatives to be elected by (he peo­ ple. On one side, we will offer to the people men who have had no participation in the causes of these evils— men always careful to preserve rather than to destroy— men who have no interests in the banks created by their opponents under a system political, corrupt, and dangerous— men who have no prejudices to restrain or bias therr action. On the other side, we see presented a divided party— divided be­ tween leaders of two classes— one class of whom allege that the cure of these evils is to be found in renewed experiments, more bold and reckless lhan all that have passed before them , and another class, who fal­ ter and shrink from further prosecution of such rash and -dangerous measures. There is, however, no choice but between the success of our own principles and that of those who are not yet sa’isfied with confu­ sion. O u r real opponents a r e the a d v o ­ cates ofa Sub-Treasury system— men who with tbe deceitful promise of giving us a gold and silver currency, have degraded the good currency we had, until they will no longer receive.it in payment of our revenues. They are those who, under the specious name of a divorce between the state and banks, would divorce the go­ vernment from the people ; obtain for all future time the custody of thepublic monies independent of the people ; take gold and silver for their own salaries, and leave de­ preciated bank notes for the people ; and thus fortify the government against the people by an army of tax-gatherers— men who insult our understandings by accusing us of being the cause of the misfortune the* have produced— men, in short, wh<| in all the evils that bave yet come over this land, see ‘ no suffering that an honest man ought to regret,’ or a republican ‘ go­ vernment be called upon to relieve.’ Let us be assured that between such mon and such measures the people will not hesitate. The Whigs will gain this battle. The country will rejoice— and even our oppo­ nents will rejoice in being relieved from a responsibility they cannot discharge, and would not willingly retain. After Mr. Seward had closed, the Reso- C O N G R E S S IO N A L . In S e n a t e , Sept. 39, resumed tbe consideration of the? bill im p o s ing addi­ tional duties, as depositories, ih certain cases, on public officers, when Mr. Prqston resumed the reinarks he com m e n c e d yesterday. H e took a view o f ifie multiplication of banks under the Jackson administration. T h e effect of the political s y stem o f the last eight years, had been to quadruple the number o f these institutions. Over issues, therefore, were to be expected under ihis multiplication o f banks, especially siricd the superintend­ ence and c h e c k of the U. States Bank had been removed. T o check these over issues, and to remove the danger which may result J f om them, let an amendment the Constitution, if you can get tjfre plates to consent to give up their powerAver these banking institutions. H e insisted that the great expansion of paper circulation was not, as stated by his col­ league (M r . Calhoun), the result of the credit given by the Government endorse­ ment to the notes o f these hanks, but to the great addition made by the public de* posites to the banking capital, which in duced the institutions to extend their is­ sues* It was evident, he said, when this crisis rushed upon us, that the banks must crush the people ; the people therefore de. manded of the banks to suspend specie payments. Sttch are the unchecked and uncheckable energies o f our country— daily and hourly new resources are so ra; pidly developing themselves, that it re­ quires but a moment’s time to enable us to recover from any disaster ; and this pre­ vents us from looking into th'e evils theflil- selves* so rapidly are w e swept along by the tide c f prosperity. He alluded to a remark of Mr. Buchan­ an Concerning the gold Circulation, and emphatically asked— Where is it? Not among the peopfe^-not in tiie ordinary channels of commerce. It hds been seen flowing through these halls , «here, like Pac^ijb/, we like every thing of gold, and the gMflen stream flows along washing our feefe *7 But the people are fed on the sound of thy tinkling——they never touch the gold. In teierence to a remark of his colleague, that^the States had a right to regulate the currency, he said if the States had a right to establish a financial cuirency, in conse­ quence of its power to fax, by assessing the property of an individual by a paper standard, commerce would establish a dif­ ferent currency, and under the conflicting operations of the two currencies, the iftdi- ■the communily must be ruined ; the other/must give way. His cdlJeagutfUMftf said we were not to fake the lessPiis of ^experience to indicate our future course.! He (M r. P .) prayed God that we may\i»pt be in that perilous situa­ tion, when we can no longer take the fixed and steady lights of experience for our guide ; and experience had prwVf’-d that an incontrovertible paper money could not be made a permanent medium even in the revolutionary era of France ; decrees were posted on every tree, and heads of men vidual- “ $ or timent. The coin emanates from the Government, and the banks furnish the paper. How then can the government divorce ltftdlf from the Banks, when the restrictive power of the government is absolutely necessary to restrict the paper circulation and preVent it from expelling the coin. I n reference to our present condition, he said it was apparent that there is an incontro- vertable paper currency for the people, while the government is attempting to es- tablish a metallic currency for itself. He asserted that it is the duty of Government to furnish a sound currency of coin and convertable paper for the people. Gov­ ernment acting under trust ppwers, is bound to furnish this coih and convertible paper hot for itself but for the whole peo pie, and this can only be done by regula- ting ar.d restraining the B anks which issue the paper. How is this to he done if we divorce ourselves from, and banish the banks 1 To show the practical effect of the new scheme, he turned to the executive doeu. ments of last session, reminded the Senate of the case of the receiver of the Land office at Fort YYayne, who, instead of hav­ ing only thirty thousand, had five hundred and forty thousand dollars of public mo­ ney in his possession. He read the rea­ sons which were given to excuse tiie offi- cet for not having deposiierl a single dollar of the public money, from March to Jun*-. Examination tvns made into the cause of th i s n e g l e c t , a n d it W a s e x p l a i n e d t h a t t h e pi eSS of b u s i n e s s , a n d t h e difficult- of transferring silvety had prevented the'eft. cer from making deposites. But it ap. peafed that there had prevailed a praclice of shaving money* Current m o n e y was received and uncurrent money exchanged, the profits being for tho officer him-e’f. This fact shows that lhe supposition of the President that control could be exer- cised over these officers and the fur.ds in their c u s t o d y , is without foundation. The security of the funds in the hands of these officers is not therefore so great as was its security in the banks. He de-- sired to draw the attention of the Senate\ fo the political influence which may he 1 exerted in this way. In the lef er of the Commissioner who was appointed to ex­ amine the matter, it is stuted lhe feTfjova] ! o f this o f f i c e r m i g h t C n t r s e s o m e exciie- merrt, therefore it was better fo let it he.- Mr. Woodbury’s letter in reply says, that the reasons of this officer Would probably be satisfactory.- Among the reasons of this officer was this, that his DemoCralift friends thought it better for him not fo leav e , as a n e l e c t i o n fo r P r e s i d e n t ! n as' c o r n i n g on. T h e m o n e y in his h a n d s might! probably be useful in proiA o l i n g the re s t i h of ihat eleciion which was desired. Oct. 3 The divorce bill was taken up, and iYIr. Calhoun rose, and deliveied his sentiments. Most of the arguments, said hr, of sen­ ators on the other side, have been drawn' from the questions of relief and conven- J ience. They are important, but have re­ ceived too much attention. He was wil- fell needlessly and fast, l . k e e u p s o f c r e a m , lo ,eaye (hem „.h e i e „ tho peonte /reviled agmnst it, nnd put it | .r l ,er<) wero n,(;e|. d o w n < V T | i e qoahtn-s o f t h e new currency j eralj,m s . T h e ,,anks he s „ id „ re „ „ „ nre i y ) trpnsm.ssibil.ly and it. reorivnh,. U mi(,a| inslU u lio„ s hly. H q examined its c ! , , m to t h e s e qua- Ilt.es, and cam e to t h e c o n c l u s i o n that o u r ! H e |Q lhl. rsm a |.k o f j ]r c | golden dreams were all lo end m a n extern j , lm| u|l|e9S „ |ia,iona| bank „r s n m e sion o f lhe paper s y s l e m . Although the sli|ut<i for j, sh „ u |d be rstnhlished, d h „ „ . ground was taken Ihat the governm e n t lutiona were unanimously adopted. The Com m it^ on Resolutions also presented to the Convention an Address to the D e m o c r a t i c YVhig E l e c t o r s of the C o u n ty, which was unanim o u s ly accepted. [Shall appear next w e e k . ] On motion, it was Resolved, That the proceedings of the Convention be signed by the Chairman and Secretaries, and published in the Auburn Journal and Advertiser. A L F R E D A V E R Y , Chairman. J n o . -M c I n t o s h , ] A. G o u l d , J Secretaries . Black Hawk is luckier tnun some mem­ bers of Congress— be has been a second time deputed to g o to W a s h i n g t o n . Him ­ self, his son, and Keocuck another brave, wilh their retinues compose a company of about forty. The Louisvilla Gazette says they are in bad humor about their an­ nuities. was to be disconnected with the banks, did not the government de| end for its exis­ tence during the next six months on theso banks ? Was not the connexion of debtor andk-creditor' established by The S g a e m Y o f the Treasury had offered a bribe to officers to get drafts protested. Suppose a man purporting to be a gentle­ man, taking advantage of the distresses of the times, was to take its paper ofa bank and demand specie for it, and in default of specie should sue, he would foifeit his claim to consideration in society, and would be scouted, and justty too. It was neither gentlemanly nor honest to take such ad­ vantage at a time when all are called on to bear in common in order to promote the gen­ eral good. Yet the Secretary had bribed individuals to do what no man could do and retain his place in society. Confidence was the only remedy, and this confidence cannot be restored while we set coldly debating here. The people will acquiesce, said the gentleman from Pennsylvania, they will acquiesce in any thing, for any thing is better than to be perpetually tossed in the fiery waves of the brimstone lake into which we h ive plunged them. Mr. Brown made s >me observations in reply, in which he eulogized the late Pre­ sident and his administration, in a particu­ lar manner, for his stand against the U . S. Bank. Mr. Bayard moved to postpone the fur­ ther consideration o f the bill till Monday, which vvas agreed'to. T h e S e n a t e then p r o c e e d e d to c o n s i d e r th e a m e n d m e n t c f th e H o u s e o f R e p r e ­ s e n t a t i v e s , t o lhe bill to p o s t p o n e t b e t r a n s ­ fer o f t h e f o u r t h instalment o f the surplus revenue. T h e am e n d m e n t postpones the payment o f the fourth in s t a l m e n t till the 1st d a y o f Jan. 1 8 3 9 , instead o f “ until whenever provided by l a w . ” Mr. Wright moved that the Senate agree to the amendment. Mr. Tipton made a few observations in opposition to the bill, and asked for the yeas and nays, which were orde.ed. T h e question was then taken on the motion to agree, a nd decided in the affirma­ tive.-. Y e a s 3 0 ; nays 2. Oct. 2. the Senate resumed the consid­ eration of a bill imposing addiiional duties, as depositaries, in certain cases, on public officers. \ i l **£ J Mr. Preston gave notice that, at the proper time, he should move an amend- ment to the bill, to make the State Banks the special depositaries of the public rev­ enue. Mr. Bayard adverted to the great im­ portance of the crisis, and the various -ifieasures proposed to meet it. H e looked at these measures as inadequate to supply a remedy. The idea of a pure metallic currency he regarded as too visionary to be entertained by any Senator; and the only difference of opinion was as to the ratio of its admixture with a paper curren. cy. Tbe practical effect of banishing all notes under ten dollars, would banifh one half of the paper currency; and the ban­ ishment of all notes under twenty dollars would extinguish two-thirds of the paper circulation. He sustained these state menls by reference to official expositions which had been made. The circulation of this country is 120 millions in paper and 48 millions in specie. Gold and s il­ ver is the standard of value over the world, and paper in proportion to its numerical amount, in a mixed currency, will expel the coin unless restricted, because a cer­ tain amount of value alone is necessary for the purposes and wants of society He quoted some portions of Mr. Benton’* speeches sustaining and enforcing this sen ion might be the result. With thi* declar­ ation sounding in tlie ear/, he said, is became a duty to look into the nature and the consequences of the bunking system. He then went into the history of the origin and growth of the banking system. Mr. Calhoun then a'ked, “ shall we restore the union between the banks aod the government; shall we return to the s y s t e m !” lie declared that the system was incon­ sistent with, and urifatorable to, our r e ­ publican institutions. The mowy power is to the body' politic, what (lie blond is to the animal system ; arid the life-blood is smaller in the fotmer lhan in the latter. He declared farther th -rt the system was unfavorable to the labor and business of the countiy. It converts the whole com­ munity into speculatois and politician?, us the only safe pursuits in life. He maintained that it was most unfavor­ able to the moral and intellectual de.vel- opement of our race, and illustrated this position at length. The occupation over­ shadowed every other profusion, by lidd­ ing out greater rewards and inducement. It absorbed the whole population in the pursuits of gain. Why should this government connect itself with 8 ny institution fraught with such evils? He referred to the reasoning of senators on the other side, as a rabble of arguments fit for the columns of newspn- ders only. He w e n t f a r t h e r ; lie d e c l a r e d the g o v ­ e r n m e n t b a d n o r i g h t to ta k e any thing but gold and silver. But ho contended that the government had a right to regulate the currencv. A s to tbe a r g u m e n t of ta k i n g c a r e o f t h e g o v e r n m e n t , a n d n o t of the people, he maintained that the best and most effectual way of taking care of the people was to take care of the govern­ ment. H e then referred to the argument that the Sub-Treasury bill would lead to an exclusive metalic currency : he said if it should, he would take tha (currency with al! the evils gentlemen predicted. He declared h i m s e l f , however, the friend of credit ; and he believed this system would place credit on a firmer basis. He paid he had stated his views at length, and they were not answered. The Senator from M a s s a c h u s e t t s (M r. Webster), he said, had given denunciations, and not argu­ ments ; and he suspected there were plenty of the one with that Senator, aud few of the other. He again touched Upon the character of the issue between tho banks and the government, and said U must be decided against the former, or the present state of things would be continually recurring. He said he changed relation? with no man. If the administration should be prompt, wise, energetic, they could go safely through this business. He would support such of their measures as be could approve ; but he would carryout, as far as he could, his own measures. Mr. Calhoun concluded by offering, 08 an additional amendment, that the notes of no banks shall be received (which shall not take Treasury notes on deposite,) at par. Mr. W e b s t e r instantly rose and referred to Mr. Calhoun’s nolice of him, that h° (M r. W .) had denounced his statem e n ts, or given him denun* i«tion in return f®r argument. Sir, said Mr. W., there ate always two view? on such a question- * m a y be that a m a n m a y reply to arguments bv gsvi.ig d e n u n c i a t i o n s instead qi icosoll* ing ; and it may bfe tWt he who' rfeceivt# argument, gets rid ofit by calling it ^er)UJJ’ ciation. He had always treated Mr- and his argument? with the greatest rti pect, hut he certainly did intend to eitpre .! 'I

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