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Jamaica farmer. (Jamaica, N.Y.) 1870-18??, June 29, 1871, Image 2

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THE LONG ISLAND FARMER—THUKSDA1 JUNE S!>, 1871. n g l a t u m Jamaica, Thursday, June 29, 1871. ODD FE L L O W S ' D E P A R T M E N T . •• EDITED BV A MEMBER OP t ll E ’oHDER.’ Prtnclpnl Prowut Grand Offlwta. 1'jifjic Wood,it. AA*. GrandMaster . ..Rodi-utcr Eilwln 8. Ralphs, B. W. Dap. Grand Mast or.. Now York Olias. V. Olurk, It. \V. Grand Secretary.... ..Now York Officers o f J a m a ica Lodg®. Lewis L. .Foiiillok, f f ,G ........ Wm. T. Brush, Secretory * L'oc-ril Loilgo M e e ting'* Nmteanijfo. Place ani Evening. Jamaica, 247,,.. ............ . .......... .......... .Jamaica, Monday I’aclrtt'; 85....V.. 1 ....... .* ...................... Flushing, Monday Astoria, 155. ............................ A»toria,ThuHd*y Horfipstoad, 141 ............................ Honipetcad, Thuriday Pembroke, 73 ..................... . .......... Glon Coye, Saturday lirookliaven, 80 ........................ Pntcho^uu, Saturday tiuftblk.OO ............ . ...... .... .Sag Harbor, Monday <\ms,104 ............................ Babylon,i Friday !•<•••••••••«•••• •leUdUJ’IUII J?r|liny ..............Greunport Monday ____ Willlniiiatiimfli Thnnnilnv .. npt _ .................. ^ Oiu»ftilore’, 61., ........ . ...... Williauuiburgh Thunday \ \\ AVI ''tomaburtt,Tuesday ceitpoliit, Monday nrgh, iVc * Willimri Tell, 125 .......... Jlount Ararat, 144 ......... _ Hocnitt'S, 223.......................Williai. urgn, tVcdnoeday Olive Loaf, 233 .......... Or .point, IVednoday Marvin Lodge, 252. College Point, Wednesday \ R . W . G r a n d L o d g e . Tho R. AV. Grand I-odgc of tlie State o f New York meets annualy. Its next meeting will bo bold nt lltlca, ■aimmouolng on the Third Tuesday in August, 1871, Io s p r o m g t n . or mj. H. n iuN n s.r. 0 , 11 , , Ain— Tramp, Iramp, the Dogs are Marchivjf. A Joyous song wo’ll raise unto our Order’s praise, Be American Odd li’cllowshlpithu theme ; And of the gallant band, who united, heart and hand, Aro descending, from the Brethren of ’ID. 'Hark, bnrk, hark, the gavel’s sounding I From Atlantic to Pacific's golden shore; “ Go on” It Is tho word, let the Joyful shout l>e heard. . The widow and the orphan weep ho more Seared fifty years have gone, nnd now an’nriuy st rong, Of,three hundred thousand noble, gallant men, Aro marching In their pride, with tho Daughters by ■ their’side, And their glad notes make the Welkin ring again. Chorus. From Maine to California the golden chain is laid, Prom the Gulf up to Ontario lt goes; Australia keeps -it straight, land the Gormans sav \wee gates,, ’Tls de best ding for do Paderland we lioze 1\ ' ' ' ' Chorus. Proud Prussia, nt her CQtiri ivu it a kindly,thought, And allows Us our colors to display; Ahd-our noble brothcr-Morae the nows'has sent -across, A bodge in Switzerland,!!! under way. : , ’ t Chmis. |, t In the soft Pornvinn clime a joyous note Is heard, . From Lima, tho great city, comes good choor; , in China and Japan, from tho Americans, Corties the-cry, “AVe want your Institution hero.\ Hark, hark, hark, tho gavel’s sounding 1 Brothers, the banner |s,Unfurled; Lot every one ho truo to the work wo liavo to dp, And soon ’twill wavo triumphant o’e r tho world. We have passed the senii-centennial of our existence, and are rapidly writing the history of the next half century. Tlie child of. but few years ago has become a giant, \vli6se blows for the right or wrong cannot but be felt. The Jive of 1.819, in that obscure room in Baltimore, bave become nearly the half-mil lion of to-day. The few dimes that then scarcely kept a single starving wolf from the door, have given place to a river of gold, making glad tbe whole city of our God. IVe stand, to-dayl a mighty host with our banners to the breeze. But no woes, or. tears, or bloodshed, or desolation follow in the track of this army. Peace, joy, plenty, friendship, love, truth, and all that bless and, jeleyate our race are the fruits of our campaigns—the re­ sults of our victories. We are, and bave been, a power for good’.\ Ho man needs to be ashamed of our record in the^past. Be it our duty, and that of the hundreds of thousands who are with us commemorating this our birth­ day, to svvgar at the altars of every Lodge, Ihat so shall it he said with truth o f our entire future. D eath of the O ldest O dd F ellow .—flro. filliam E. Chambers, died in Brooklyn, a Tuesday night, 16th inst. Ho was initiated in the “Loyal Westminster idependent Lodge of Odd Fellows\ in Lon- )n, in tbe year 1801, and was one of the five mothers Who attempted to establish the Order , New York in 1806, by instituting “Sbake- leare Grand Lodge” at No. 17 Fair Street, nv No. 133 Fulton Street. He has been'in enihcrsbip in Getty’s Lodge, No. 11, o f this ty, the last thirty-years. Bro. Chambers reached his eighty-eighth :ar on the 17th of January last, and Avas in ijoyndent of good health until within a few eeks. He was buried from Stella’s Lodge om, Brooklyn, on Sunday. Much depends upon a presiding .officer. Fretful, restless, bothering men, who love ta hoar themselves talk, and who are always op­ posing what everybody elso are in favctr-. of, aro found everywhere.; Our experience is, let them go on until they Say their say, then, without any argument on the other side, but question to vote, aud by an overwhelming majority against them quietly squelch., out their positlom 2. A member informiug a re­ jected candidate or tho proceedings, or im­ pugning the motives of a Lodge or its rnom- bors in rejecting said candidate, op using language abusive or insulting in regard to that or other subjects, is guilty of “unbecoming conduct,” and should be promptly proceeded against, charges preferred, aud be given touu-? derstand that when a man ceases to be an Odd Fellow. T h e good and th e honored of other time itave left a thousand b rilliant traces upon the oiUftii, a thousand memories, wiiicli are, to us, a p e rpetual m inistry o f love, and life, and light.' T h e y are so many F h a r e s e s Which th kind p rovidence h a s kindled on th o SGa o f time, not only to 6 how us the evils-we ate to shun, bu t also, to’ direct us to the haven 61 tec-ttrily a n d r c p o ie. ' Anstralinn Aborhrina'A. Some of tlie customs nnd superstitions . jf tlie Mack native^ of Australia an; very peculinr. Tlie idea'ffcrene tally entertained by them that tl»py. at jtyek I .decease go to Yaq Diemen’s Land,; and oome back -white fellows, originated, io dortbt, in this way. Buckley, .on life 'first appearance amongst them, the first European - they had ever seen, was received amongst them as the ve-appearance of a native just dead, whom in every respect, except coldr,; liS clbri1 ly’- resembled; was fully bolieyed’,to_ h.O. tfto very man; was adopted by tlio dead man's friends arid tribe, and tailed by life innnie. No doubt hut tho siirillaVity.' jfortunatkly for Buckley, saved Ills, life. AfterViVrds, when settlerri streamed over' 'from! Yah Diemen’s Land, aud. the nativda hedrdi it mentioned almost as the only • place whence tho white people capm, and probably see­ ing many others in person or feature, re­ sembling their dead relatives, that they, ‘should liriVe sucli an idea'fe' nojjiTng sin­ gular or wonderful.’ 1 l' Much more singular and curious idea* they haVq; strange, 'indeed, is their notion of d e a th ; or, r a ther, that- -with the constant, and palpable decay of, thq hum an frame before their eyes, .tljey lijiye no beliefjn, death 'from natural causes. ' All deaths fiiuy consider to he' the'result \ o f accident, malice, or magic. W h en i ' death occurs, they, .decide' tliat - th e deceased porSbh’s kidney- fat lias heon stolen,' a w a y 'in sleep' by some .enemy, .aided by magic.-' JTlio. body iq tied UP im m e d iately.in .a lump, tightly draw n together, body and,: limbs; by strips of bark and cords; and he, and ivory'kind of property 'belonging toj him, JctttpuloiteTy’ n n d ' 'sriporstUiouMy—w a r im- (demerits, ids -itnller icallcret, J<>r opnskum- frig, guns, i f he 'has any, even double- barrelled ones, although ever so highly vqlued—are brokon.; and-H ies?, jyith the white a n d blncjc money, i n spite o f ,itch in g , b a n d s (longing to take it.; (everything, in .act, goes Avith him into his grave,-reli­ giously. ‘ Gravely also is St whispered into tlie ear . )f- the dead man,' tliat lie may rest satisfied n ‘his gravethat‘ liiS blAck friends trill, Without fail, avenge <iis i - death. • And in’ sonsideration of this arrangement, he. is requested .to. refrain, from terrifying his, fid, friends and tribe; that,,lie must net aaunt tlie.m..jvith, aliqn , vqjees, or,tlie, .foot;-, marks of the,.strange feet, about their on- mmpmepts. ’ The mourners wear their white-pallit ’ inourning, never washing tliemselye'S, eVeii if riibriths should elapse, before they hive pcrfoltned their VOW’ to' the deceased. AVlien tliey liave'tasted the snemy’s flesli, the mourning ceases. - - 1 - This . is n miserable superstition, and causes a great deal of bloodshed. To dfe tover m wliat direction the enemy of the Jead'is t'o he found, they take an. insect »nd ohSen-o in‘ wliat direction it crawls, ind that is ‘tin infallible' indication. ' Ii) .hat'quarter they go, no matter how far ' die first native crossing their path is tin murderer . of the dead, and in .his turn be tomes the murdered. *,Qne dentlr,’ even t aatural one, thus becomes, through igno ranee and superstitious Custom, the cause >f many iinnatur.il deaths.' Another of their inhuman Jand Inhospit Able superstitions 'is1 that '.rejgardihg strangers!\ How diflfei-ent from the Jewish on Christian code, by wbiclr strangers efre privileged and,. sacred people: M Thou ilialt in no. wise hurt the stranger in thy, gate!” Immediately that a strange native,, is found by any tribe in their neighbor . hood, all th.e people are in a state of tu ! mult, yelling, anil ’j getting ready theii weapons of war for Iris instant' destruction for their belief is, that if they do not kill bim, they will thomSelves generally, arid uiost fatally, he .visited,with dysentery. I ■ Settjtof'Frelt Tree*. -Dfjn't -lOfelt ’ 0 ^ 4 , 0 tiio nursery, ri«gvffeitiii, ihe last motaffi Send now that you &ut supifieit. Or ders are, ftled ’in. riceordattco tyith the- date\ of hPing received. First come first sorved. TTiose ordering first will get tho1 crctpri .of jthp nurseyy stock, and those offering, iapt must take tlie re­ fuse after everything doslrable has heon culled out. Therefore wo again' say, be in sp'asf^. ‘^(ybfthpf: yfdririjtree^ oiylvo /bb|<|r^ the bpJs J^ye„fitaripd,v J&sgfMf. ’ypuraJfffe tliat aro stocky, ,i[^tljer,than those that have a spindling* .growth. Don’t occupy yqiri: grourid with poor trees o t ariy variety; got tiie .beatii-havlng the host; roots, und: plant in ..the, jboat mauner, Aye( think fl;oy should be set' before the bud* liavp .’begun to push, hut’, lw'e have had'good, success in Man. Man is at tlie head of the animal king­ dom. He.fe the only anjjjial to whom the upright'position is natural;, the only- one which pe^oqt haadivtife - <onljr-|«-orriaft whose j^'riv^ifd e£]trei|itio$j*- o^ns ’\j aud hands—Arp tfoi psep fop lo^nio^on'; htlif 5;thpt',laus;hi;'’,tho ithat 'lamrhi: '- the orilv-.one.' tliftt setting fruit1 trees even after they\ Imd lieOri iri 1 UloS^om lor orie Week,1 Diin't crowd thoi'ioots into a' more hotepbut pre­ pare p ’ gooil' (border, apreid out 'the -roots' in nil directioris, cut ofif those,ithat have been bruised ,or brokep, (dpse, ,-to tho \ypupd, pprinkle . fine! djft ,wp«i-pnd,, among the rootlets; after jwhjpii treud tlie , earth down firinily around aha upon'them. They slidnld be staked, if set''in:hri ex posed position, in \order1to ' ' protOct tlldm' against 'the wiiid,’ • 1 •••« O’•»’ In a a previous issue we imade a slight computation of tlie number of 'feuibtrees i tliat might, bp, set|. along fheiJhighw-ays of-a township of six. mileslts.qi^aye. - Tj^^oom-. positpr cheated us out of nlno tpnths of thb' riumher. in our 'dstimate, apd we wjll mako1' another. ' Iri ' every Sucli township there'are, On' an ' average, not less ' than '50 miles of . highway. • 'Setting1 the.'trees 80, feot apart' there will he 176 to the- mile; and in the 50 miles there will be ,8.800;,' But. as ,we. propose., to set the trees upon n r-. i i i*-,*\-! r., r. . ,.ri , ; t > each side of ' the, street, there,, will, bo V- • u ’ ji , 17,do6 trees iji ,tlii town. Now. therp nrq riot to''exceed '506\fiiniilies'in the townships on an average, nor m d r e '’ tliiiri 2,000 pdr- sons. - Hence e thb-'rium b o r ■ o f ireOs 'Above would give i, 8 - 1-2 trees:\ to each person.- These .trees should-helongitb, ami r lw-'ptO,, tec ted;/ b y ,.,the .town, .Laws,- should;; ■)>« 'cuvt, acted to protect the trees and other fruit, frpnp depfpcjPiH 01?13 of. ,aM- • 1 >?nd 3 M .^9. °P e should be ^permitted ^o b reak o^f the li nibs or sprouts. . Suporlludus wood . should ,bo cu't'away.,' \ . \ The distance at wliipl^ trees should be set from each other varies With1 the ' species nnd the'\manner in which they,'are to Hie grown, ' 'Pear,, peafch, cherry, and- .pium treeS'can'bei setr-nearerr tli.an . standard /apple treeij; y Dwarf tries, of some .variptieSj , ii properly, fprpipd, can be aef, -at tlip distance of 6 feet frpm each other, hut sliould aver- n iv a \O ' \ 1 rt ‘C l n n . l d w l 1 /Clf — not used Xo only one priiy/bneivthat speaks a language; and his brain is larger than that of any. other animal, and he can live in all countries. But man is also faf jnore than an animal. He has a mind nnd a.sQul, He can leam-muck-about the- things whjeh^God,.lia3, jpade, ppd under­ stand the Bible which he. lias given. , , Thii Ariwpf mari,‘’the Mjp o f,‘ n ‘ monkey^ the wing of a bat, the' leg ot a liiole. the lig o f 1 a ' sheep, the 'paddle. of. a, whal.o^, the wing of a bird, the le^'of a ’,turtle^ and tlu fin of a fiah,'correspond to quq anothpy, in their most important features, each bojng modified according tb fhe paa for which it Av^mf?;.,: Monkeys * are rigi ■feet, yearly ( face each of^er, aP^ ^>a ropghjtto|,the,-grompd like, the foot-of man. Abonf .eighty kinds -,Af monkeys ljye, ,ip ,the -fprests ,, qf .the, warm -.vparta pf Aefe'-and Africa, »nd-. 0 von; ,tai.oro !klnd3 i im South America, Those' 'of 'Africa -And'1Asia* ' have u,thifty4woiiteefh, > their-1-nostrils \rieiai together,i rnvd ItfiGltf tailj eirfe wlien\present' is not capable of grasping objects.' 'hfost of1 tlie mbnkijili flo'fl'’A7rieripal!hriy^ ’ tliirty- HiX’t'didhli the\ hos'trils far apart, ’and many SELKCTMjP * P » C K L L A » v Good connsel io above\all prico.’ . Seem riot gfert^Fthanthon art. ^Lov^ ^theMi. jib beloved thyself. jlTakjjfhejrt o|g reconcile enemy. ' Go hot tij law without great cause. Ghittoby kills inoro -than the sword. Goodness always enriches its possessor. For a flying enemy make a sliver bridge. Good manners are suye'to .Trifenjre;'m. w ill qften obscure many vi« tU(JS. +i i'tii *i1 » .* ' « Few vices Good actions are the most jaocentAhL sacrifices. 9 !. ¥ to. iferw>idi; MaKe riot a fool of thyself to mlnke otim^ m.erry ............. ^ ^ .. . v 018 ^Vithorit the rich heart, Weiiith fe bn. an ugly beggar. -, i, Vanity is a strong drink thatrmakes all tW VutueriVfiiggcif.: 1') .ft J t r- and In picking up objects wliich cannot, 1b,^ reached by the iiau^. Mqnkeys^live mainly on the. trees, . h.n'd ,feed upon .frnits, nufe„ eggs, .'and insects^, y-Th^y, are, selfish^ .piis chlevpuSfjpijii |h*e!/feh- I ; ■ , • ,’i , Some kinds of monkeys, 'imitate: itliji actions ef.,ipen,-a,ud; thejr^/ofiatli? r of -,thft sort , ofjCpn excoqdingiy: ludicrous; t In imitation of its master i nn Ape- lint' sat af ‘ table,..,,using , kriife.iandi fork, Arid flririklb'j wine. . It is stated ‘ that an ape, ‘ o'wried hj ' a 'liFiVnch- -priest,'oritfO - ’fbllci’ived hifii; tc churcli nnd hid upon ’the1' sohndirigibdard yd*1 ‘fiktiird 'dvef flitf1' pulpit,—arid,1 wuet the' se’ruidii 'Wfis goilig on,.- advanced „io tlu The Beardless Age. When the great Henry IY„ of Fratice was succeeded by. Louis XII. (who navel become great), the now king waa only nine years, ofage,- consequently beardless Courtiers have at all times J been remark­ able for their servility, and us Louis could have no beard, they lesolved to ho heaid- less themselves, arid they Went forthwith to the barbers. Tlie honest.' statesman Sully, was the- only man Who dared to ap pear with his beard in tho same fornf as Me wore it ill tlie Mine of his Old master.' Crop- lipped courtiers - made-merfyjat the old' counseller’s expense, laughing Kt hid: an­ cient appearance. Sully, bore, thril; irrev. e.rent jeBts fpr .some time, and utken jyith dignity lie sajfl Jung. . “ Sirer Ayheu. your father of glqriojis inemoty did me the honor to consult iri(T~on his great and .important affairs,.tho first, thing he did, waS to send J gway the buffoons of hif Court.” Louis XlL, however, had no idor about 'buffoonery. The By stem of : cfop ping, we are told, was carried - bo far that even the inferior animals Were - subjected to the process, wliich occasioned Marshal Bnssompierr^ Avho.had .been imprisoned during the-, last, tw.elye years of the'pjre ceeding reign, ,to , observe, on coiping' tc Court again, that he. saw no other change, in the world plnqo lie had been secluded from it, than flint men had lost tlieli beards nnd horses tlibir tails; In.Erigland, in Queen1 Eiiziihethfe' tinie, the growth oi' beards 1 was reghJated- by statute dri1 Li A' coin’s Inny 'ia’ria \ii'1’Waif ordered that'/ne* fellow of that' house -'should AVeaV A bc'dfd of above a fortnight’s growth.” < What -a- stubby appearance the learned chins must have exhibited, i The prohibition did i not last longer than a year. . ■When id a fclnck*doJ1 x -Whenit’aagreyh , black plbg^ age 9 for id; Sinndard' c'j .ry' trees may be sot 20'feet apart 'rind 'apple tides' fifoiii 80 ' to 85; tho latter \being tlie preferable distance. One 'should, set' several Varieties of the 3ai»e species of fruit ttrires, ’ It -is not ad­ visable to. restrict oneself to .one. -kind ot apple, cjieriy, pear, plum, or peaoli. The samOj’remark will hold good in reference to the smaller ffiiits imd berries. If “ variefy istiiesplpe of . life,” it gertalrily is ari iibsc^1 lute necessity in frriit growing. ,' 1 Before setting trbeS) consider Well’Whether op not,.-the.\ sfoil is ' adapted Ito. the:, pari tieular i,kind which yon- purpose to plant. Don’t think ;to grow -good, pears; plums, or grapes,, upon, a light er sandy soil, for, you will, surely 'gather disappointment rather than fruit. . A clay seii, is better, adapted to, the growth of such fruit. Let. your liogs liavo freo access to'-your pluiA trees. They will' debtro^- mofo Arircuiid ‘'thriri J-riii ‘can shake from th'i tree. The hog is a'desirable orehardist.-\ Though' not a 'ptofiissiohal,1 he is a\ practical’ hortifcttltdrist,-' > Give trees i of all'kinds the benefit > of \the ■ sun. Raspberries do well in the shade, but the' fruit is not So sweet. A- good mulch is desirable for all young trees. Even stones placed around, the' trees will hasten their growth, and preserve them from leaning, Now arid Then; AVe would like well to know how much better Off the-farmers of to-day are, than those -wefe’thirty -years ago; \ Consider, the value .of' land' then, and • its- prico ■ now Consider the:.priceq£ labot then,- the best of bands'at per; month,and, the miser ablp help now at.,more, than twice, tiro sum. A hi,red mrihiiri,, those .days, ■yvorked itom six jn the mornipg till soven at night on dri average. '‘ Consider the 'ratofof taxation then aifid tli^’rif lo-'driy.1^Hak.'thri' ' price of farm ' pfodricts'f iri'dbeafiiril -Wiithl' tiidl price of In-n/l.nOj' 'ivno-PR9 Arn frit/ftR as nrddilc. land-and of‘‘wages? Afe'fai-iris1 as prddrtc- five now aid they Were1 lheri? \f8 not, more labor needed to produce a -crop now than war- ridcessary.ithen? ,:Tdtnoti.,thQ . quality Of all grain at the present .day ieferior to that ,.tlferi i grown,?: - Are npb .potatoes as townpWias,f tJjriX j^s^acldn- ery enabled^Jibe farmer. to> gro,^. better ’drops ,th|m ifere. formerly p^uj»dt,. fs tobibirii;. ‘Di’ViWip^durife 'fkfic hlghfoif mte of’iritrii^st on\fhmipre4!eat‘drilriet tliAn they did ot that time? Aio farmers hetVef able ’ tQi rdllq ,«nd harvest ’thelri .crops' now, ,witU all: .tljeir..jnaehin;eryp th.arii-.they/,Were, ithyirJ Cptt.Jhey (du j t . ii^ p e r V W®i W-J, if*ic i- dim ip ^futu^. ripmber ,tye jin^fji^cur ,^ithi». goilig^ tbe \board arid,'observing themctioni. if the preacher, .began to perform , also ind jijs imitations were so .perfect: that,, fiii.; whole,,^ cpngrqgation,.■lyt-r-e . unable [to sup; iress-Jhpirt., laughter..- ThB pfitst wai ihocked innd indignant- at- Such levity, ailf sommenced to give his audience sevprt reproofs ; but -Beeing- ali his efforts failing aitft fiction’'bedaitie 'feofie virilerit apd ! hii,' toifa' fdiidet;:. but his violent., gestures •i i ,;l iMu Vv- , •' 1 were taken up by'the ape with,;,no-, Jess inimatipn tlian that .shown by his master, irid-.at i tlife apparent .competition.:of- the two!,the p,apple , burst! into. laughter louder ;hau.before. • .- . ■ ■ , ... . . ^ raiijjcryies. i ( -The Acid ofthe-’ Crlihberfy' ib do'’decidedly bPiieficinl in' all bilious aftectiori?,' by its. stimulating effects upon the liver,' that at­ tention to ife culture should be eiieouraged. One acre. Of jnrid, suitably, prepared,, will yipid. two hundred and fifty dollars worth of cranberries. Tlie cranberry is a beau-- tiful -evergreen a.nd, grows thriftily, ,’it can-be kept all Winter; And may be so trained to grow froiu flower pots as ,t» be beautifully • bmamental to the parlor, ujid dinihg-rbom through all , st-aapris of the year. tTliey will grpw in any ordinary room, without special atteqtlon;: and the berry, will remain ou tlie. stem, until the flowering for another ’ crop. It flourishes further North tlian any other berry, ripen­ ing o il’’ Dhsllman Island, on ' the western slope -of,:Greenland, .in- la’itude seVenty-s jfl'atcr Telescopes-. Tti'e people of Norway carry in .their, fishing-boats a Water telescope, or tube, three or four feet iri length. .They immerse oneqnd jn the waiter,'and then, .looking intently , through: the; glass, they are ahle to perceive, objects ten or - fifteen fathoms deep,, .as, distinctly -as.if they were within: a ftriv feet-.of'tlie surface:' So, tvhen they discover plenty .of fish, they surroutid them with their iftrgri draught nets, ‘ arid often catch lliem* m hundreds at a hanl, which, were it not. for iliese telescopes, would fre­ quently. proVe a • /precarious- and unprofit, .able fishing.-\This.instrument is 'not ofily tiscd by the flsheririfeuj-bnf IS also fdurid' in tlie iiavV and’coasting vessels.\ \\ ‘ ’’ * ‘ 1 ’ ■■ *(■( ...... I ' roasti'd' oriiori 'bOuild, nJPn the1 pulse io wrist' will stop tho'riibst inveterafe Trutlifo, , supremo r JrevelAttons come in sofrow to individuals, and in war to nations. Gold is the fool’s*’curtain, wliich hides all -his defectsfrom the world.,'., There is no r .ult' in poverty, hut the miuds that -tliink bo am faulty. Nurture your mind with'great thoughts To.hhH.syp. J.n tljp.hproici.makes heroes.,. ’ J'h'ere is ..maijy ap unfortunate oha wh’Ase heart, like a sunbeam, always an pears- laveiiest- In .its breaking ashnder.. breaking- asiwder.. Tlie , wound' ’ofconscietice Js ’rio scar tiuip , pools, it, jjot vjtlv.hfe'vfeg, hut merely’ keeps it open with his scythe. It is tlie pnlo passions ?liat are the fier­ cest; it is the violence of the chill that gives tho measure .of the fever. No. love from children--is (sweeter- than that which follows ..severity ; , so from the bitter olive‘is sweet, soft 611 expressed. He who spends all his time in sports is like one who wears hbthin'gi but Af ringes, and eats notinng but sauces. ( H reat' effotfs from' great motives is the best definition of a 1 happy life. Tho easiest labor is a burtlien to, .him who lias no mo. fives-for performing ‘ Who . sedulously ' attends, poifitedly asks, calmly speaks, coolly answers,; and ceases wlien lie lias no more to say, is in posses­ sion of some of tho; bosf-requisites of man. 'Thri ‘barklij ’httrd world neither'secs, nor tries -to-see,’ men’s hearts; but'-•wliefever tbere .fe.. tlu; opportunity of evil, supposes thate>-ii,exfet3...„ of limirtds mtra’s best treasure t honor, anti noblest acquisition. It is that ray of the Divinity which digui-v Goodness his brightest lies humanity. Herodot’na! Informs us.ihkt .jtho''ancient •Persians had, a cus.tpni dqvj^ing, their politiciil' .pebemea ' when inelirfetedj arid of cxecutmg them when sober. There is ' mo virtue'.that adds so noble a clinrni to tho finest traits of beauty As that wliich exerts itself 1 in , watching oyer the tranquility of an aged; parent. ■ There are no tears tliat give so noble a lustre'to tlie cheek of iniioi'ence' as ‘the tears of, filial sorrow. It inaV be justly said tliat the pride that apes’huriiility is . tlie most objectionable, as in addition to tlie bad qualities inherent in a false -unfounded -estimutc of self, it < super adds that of hypocrisy—rind no com­ bination can be more ^.odious than that of hypocrisy with pride. ; , AmtlrteS. ; A ■ on the wrist w'iil stop toutlmciie iri h'friW riiinutes. iL_ . Origin of Lltomvjr Degrees. ii ' Themistecles 'having confcoived the de­ sign of transferring tlie\ government' of Greece from the hands of the Lacedemoni­ ans,'1 into those of the Athenians, kept his thoughts continually fixed on this great project. Being at no time vfeby nice or scrnpnlons in the choice of his 'measures he thought anything which could tend to the accomplishments of tho end he had in view, just arid lawful. Iri an assembly of the:-'people one - day, *he- accordingly infi mated ,tliat lie had a very- important-do- sign tri' proposo, but be could not commu­ nicate it to tlie people at large, because the greatest secret was necessary' to its siio cess-; he therefore desired that they would appoint a person to whom he might ex­ plain himself on the- subject. Aristides .was unanimously pitchod upon by the as* sembly, who referred' themselves entirely to his opinion of the affoir. Themistocles taking him aside, told him .that the design he had conceived, Avas to burn the fleet b®- louging to the rest- of the Grecian states which then' lay in a neighboring Port- when Athens-, would assuredly become inlstreas of all Greece. Aristides returned to the, assembly, and declaredi to tjiem, that nothing conld be more advantageous .to the commonwealth, than the’ project of luoiitu wuiuf/j-1 nu«u vuo fiiuperur uvi ■thaire having- 'fqiirid in tjtaly'a copy ol the Koriiari LaW'. prifaineci: tlirit’ It, J should ; ,1)4 Ithe practice of corifeKing.ulitefiiry de; green on persons.conceived; to.be <Sf , more than ordinary erudition began in- the twelfth century,:'When- fhe Emperor Ltr the . B« . . . .6xj?oufidad Ja fliej. school ; and jtrithe, might , b*Y»:‘riri«oriWE«ri»sni to. the\ (8tudy, he further ordered/that (the public professors tot -thfe -law should vbe dignified; with the title .of. .doctors.. Tho ,finjtper8on created ■i r doctOf'riftW this ordltfehce ot• ’tlfe ompefor1 ^ftia1,'BriigMfiife 'H'tigoliriux Avhc riud UtqrTOfeibqrs. ■1.1 ' g 7 r»r- win ^ f * JV/ H« whftiastspm*.,,trifles fer thpiuMlvre-ii Mrifierih'lw rihs’/satsams'.: thein for tUe'fiur phemistocles; but that- at 'tho same t‘me’ nothing ‘ ‘in ‘ the world could be more un­ fair. W ithout enquiring further, the assem­ bly unanimously declared, that since such was. the case, Themistocles should -wholly abandon his project., >. . • i “ I do not know,” says honest Rollin. “ Whether a ll history can afford us a foct more worthy of. admiration rthan.' this.' H is! n e t a company of .pbjlpspphefB-1° w^onl is costs nothing -to1 establish' fine maximB apd sublime, actions. -of ixnorality.-initho ’,|ohools, who detenplne on, this occasion* rthat the consideration fof pfoht and advan- :tago.^nght {never,, to. prevail in preference to what is honest and just. It In an entire people, who are highly interested in tbe proposal made to them, who ore convinced thrit i t Is of the greatest importance to the welfare of the etat*,- und Who, ' however, jfejeirt “it\\with unarilirioas consent.' ■’ ‘^ t h o n t a , moment's hesitation. Jfor this only reason, [it cmrary t° . ............... . 11 A Detroit priori SrieiMtir' fori_ the perajmw.of.-pronfineKt'’\»M»«tpr . ho*'

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