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Ontario repository and freeman. (Canandaigua, N.Y.) 1836-1839, December 28, 1836, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn85026150/1836-12-28/ed-1/seq-1/

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*-• - F - 10 pee o^k*. tempested |ps£ea»fc a» iw Mtiie* **• »tf *n Fleas? h* 3%thetOtrrt |Eesj«Sct&% ltawn«1i»4> ( liaif mtx of psSH»)?bf.tt«o *•\ fcned by iba fn ibwnftnip, awn of ISasS ^J0G«rt of' lot thehigfe- •'feeventeeft |M%*heap. tgrees? ^ est [east tine oW • |*tejj^ along .]. itdf-tneetber l&er aixtaen, )oth aides el\ l|s»d of Asa* JiJlM £OTltlx-'fc3 - m$' fegctftejhr\ IF Umit&al rtf- |tfefca Steele,- ••^epterab'er,. j*m»M®ih*G<in« %tfco|e;*ha^H St the Bookstore, 13 *,. 4a*aiBpaweaafflot leas.fitan six, USO'iHadV Wiceior. $ 2 qO at the ead of .the year- . Tomaiteubacribers, $S 00 In advance, or $8 5Q% ^rtoysRTisiaiESTs inserted at the tfsoi]'Tttte* t Afiberal deduction to those, whoadverbae tywa 3*«ir. • * •' — . ' . - iiftftfee-eazcl re&1*f3Gver F-i&ef§ra**©.i ' ne. utaftyMe'd 3Jiri|KH^Stn* & 'and, bsdietf^. «re li® a'hundred 1 the State of v imns.tjfcsmh h fee Inch's Ifthpartrand |zed [io-fee of promises; Ijasf tha said , JE.Goddard; \ ^Afibraa jfejIft-tKo ; |.4s|* reye> l&jicBjsessitaas \~3e4 twenty- c to state-wfia ofth>\sajd: LpreiniEes; l$in*£sclahn- l&jr -Sypraniis Hate of Ktts^ ; Mortis Saw^M p to Which ofg snsjif toaji|fe,\f |iir< peiiriona^£>^ ene* uttjJssjF 1 '' itoa',ate-Mfr ; leiiaift*! |ia tha&a£tii&± •Ghae^^ro* lapiriAndrew'' H dneWthe. pairfijtton rna'y ' : raspeepye fc-rnfufewith- feted^hat tire lancfe of the l?.2nffthaffor, leleiofCan- pbr the said appointed to\ • : \ ''• - fdV&te- » :1 AGQ#D mmm> -VintHB «obscriber: effort. &jMt -Jt, his-flX>BSEaDdti0^on» 4ohstree$, in Corta&daigua, situated _. i IGOradafrotn(hebusineas past.off the village, Th*Mji* 18 r<$a in front and 2r*6da deep, .e^ntainieg.2&£ ae,ras. ©fy choice laaoyrf & highstate ,©£. nwUnfatioiu- \Ekm «#on tnalot a neat and, convenient UL^ atprj npuWjisflth 2 room* in front, a. dininglroom, bed-robn4 TjalJ, «&*owitr|intitBcent'ww«It t t^igo mmm- mqdioaa-Miieken and butMfjr » the rear, and a weM 385aetdoej^, with nw«> lass than IS feejtof! vrajte^oflJie first ^aal%,ittne sayeref fc^ottghta. Tijare-ai^ r aj*o,- titt '^i*'J6t '*$ar» 36;»f«efe\biy ; '^4.-. largi»,'aed 16 filgb ©ondJtion, having 6 lirs^t.a^ agu»a beda^jiel^Jnjr., annuallyy $$(1^ wor*i^pr MOKE BOO*3Mifo#» ^ . iikwbaarlbair ii noir ^Ti?!**\^ ,,r « e ' wWcHirt tfiyotewin* tate popular work., via, t ••Cipt,''B4cii%ifw'^i t : «Ji • Jpumey toint afaorw •••oTthaJkrcifJ'am- Evaretfa^rationa,. TheWa*|6^io<5ood* l> J r *^ bott » S |i«Mof*e*ca, by do. emoritlaof MM. Heman», Protestant Jes^tism, by a Protestant, Homo, or the Irpa Rula, by-SarabSuckney, hiklinga of Adventure, by N. P„ WjJlUs, PenctUMa by the Way, by do.. Ge\6red^ombie i Ngveliin8voIs., ,' IfepTartner'a Daughter, attd*othto land and luia Tal«5s< bjfttbe Old Sailor, J Midshipman Ea»y»*?»>« author of)\Peter Simple,',' Talea of the Wara of Montroae, by James mm I*Fitte. the Rra,te Of tht.^wfi by M 4»wor of • «The gbaikWaat,!! . ^ , | Violet WoodiriHiii, or ThoTJansebs*, M«inoir of WilliamCarey,»: D., late Misnohary 10 paragu beds jieldinjr annuall ^3tl ijor«nT ; jjrddncei-teidea anpplyipg; the J«^*#.--, i| ,-- 1 . ita , „••..,•• - a — ofifie^^&applfta^«r.rpe|efe»,}^^ ^s&^tm -L.*-iv..»;'-. -^liSirtiei at#aw- Jcoad>otuaentt Iwuittw. prmtak^aetoriw^MW^\ 1 \. «»»»• ' Bodies Commentar*oirl frjtjiterf; . pldtnsi: ap^ofa,-^^—,— , ber^iea»,tairranUi,&c^ 1^?coJin%qr part Of the .WrdenianoiincoWRededny.treea, . ( *h**&ott M^ffewdl ort«ro.thi*di ofit, io. ctefllnf the bhitdings, i&jm$ auit the purchaser. \- JFor ioxmmnppiyto H.^.' Gib»on v at tba Oats- rio Bank, or t9 tl»e aabacriiber, on t^e premiws. . . MdtlARI) WEEtg; wnflajgua, Hatch, lp86. ^tf '*** ^f-.i F^lMffiBKiCfli^if EOTFOU SAKE. W $&l $« HOUSE, afld £01! cdtiBisting of neatly 5 T acres «f lian^/situated in the.cen- fve;-of tho Viitiige, on the. east side of Main •Imtt alfeerty opposite! tlie Female jSeni- Eaty 1 . • \-\ ' •! • -• - As a sitfe ^i* an elegafit tesidence if is sur- passed torbone ifi the village. ltwift*beiotdasa/»mGl»or in tiro por- ^twns as the purqbasetr way desire. ; S fott particulars«enqture*of Walter H!ub- -be.11, !^q. or of thesubscriber on thepreitt- -%>. ..•\: JAMES B. DUNGA». Jianan^igai, June 8,1836. • I2tf r- l^pia, Harriat Kin, Andrew [taping Danfel »bddard-, Ma- .ia Loth- ' ali othess •described m iregonjg peti^ itheCburtof |ttano» st the 3Use in Can-'' Jra the third lid Conrt may Id patjtioner. Pestrtioner- •- gm35 out of the kty, to me di- ks and cbat- |fcab3n,m p?y tbe nght, in^ andtey hcci of land, le*», in town-. We of towns |Xcoriia%ine rind, i ,1^ •of Jaaapy ^jtic hortli'«kF' f Sherjj I^ATTBRIS S*TANI> FOR SALE. 7#HETA1TERN STAMDJnclud- •*|! ing»fi?e acres of IiANI?, M tf fOQcapied by file, subscriber, is for Lsale OQ Jiberal terms,; ifnots61d>.by „. T 1st of yjfey, it will be LWT. For fur- ther particulars apply to the subscriber on thlip&mtjl. J&m REZNOR. \ faga^g^lgoa, April 19,, 1836. 5tf ^Mm l&V FOR .SALE,, %ME. subscriber offers for sale j«-l*is HOUSE and LOT, sft- %a&|ia on Mainestreet.Ganabdai- iqa^eiflg the lot nextaboye the sicfitttcb. It i s 6 rods in front and ,^3#.ith a Ga,rden-an4 Orchard^ wiaJH*tt]?p^ied-witb a variety of good Fruit. We. buildings on it are small, but comfort' »DP;\*|h,9|ofell particularly wellsitoated f fori afcy Ip^tleinan who wishes io take up *- hl^re'si3en;cej|ii one of the pleasantest villa? ge* in the iWeSt^and ba ild .ta su it h: mself. WM. JEUDEVINE, ft. 2tf .1 larch 30,, 1036. *-• |dont oi Qntari^„. ^en- all m ie fona^fnc f>luat0 in the i amber £J, In Irsui. boantfed [bi\ Kliphalet raham Out^\ Nethawaj, r | Mack, con- nth a smalt mich I shall [Ion WUEf?* In tbe v*H*g«\ lyof'liieeiiJ^' SberiC < .i,..., .„...«. ! <ittt of th» ^ Ootario^ rJ' U 'goods aiwl *z PritcJMnft i>y baHiwick, tht,4itia'«*a pfiiMd pkMt 'k&inx itbthm ~)atxria f ma& Uowir, »n teal •«aUa_ *y#» <*»s4> ••t>.i]r ^La*»* |J*»4.»irHaA »nM **fb fo tb*-*#*n »f in*M>f *» ttiwi wty iliofwhksfc kuctjwft, ott' ©ISl?PAEI# FEMALE SEMINARY. C 'tOURSE OJF STUDIES.—3d GtAsa: Arith- !/ metic, Grammar, Geography, Penmanship, Reading, and Spelling. •• 2d CiAsat Arithmetic, Grammar, Geometry, 'Bofany, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, uso of 'thq Globes. * . , - ^»t Ci&ss: Grammar, Algebra, Trigonometry, Smejlie's Philosophy of Natural History, Rhet-- orife, Paley's Theology and Evidence^of. Chris- tianity, Astronomy. ' - j • Aa advanced class may attend to a. review, or , * continuation of the above, together with Kames' Elements, Intellectual Philosophy, &c. Instruction will be given, bf*h by recitation »nd lectures, ~ra the most important departments r ofjiataral acieDce Foi; this object, the services I* «f [* gentleman well qualified and highlytecom- mended, have been socured. ' . French, Spanish, Latin,. Music and Drawing 1 * are attended to danqg the whole or any part of the course that parents may direct. V; jfPhe pupils are exowised in Englii tkmoncejneach week. jjffiwpatr-ons of the School have famished a ' \*^^*nd yalnable Library, andtheyoong ladies live the advantages of a course of classical -j-g-ng* under the superintendence of a teacher. A ^Wtach attention will be paid to vocajl Music, Onjder the direction of «S* teacher of batural^ci- -\«§ l whose qualification*fet:this duty are em- English Composi. *s l r Pfajraical Theory of iWheft tife * by thiiulhotot Natural History of Endniaiaim, ' . Tlia Philoaaphy of Bfntvdwc^ by PhwctllUa Church, A.M. ' , te j . ' Maternal SoUcttttdefwithHwtaon EfrlyB(Jucatton; AVmk abow SKon,J***gS-' *?&»'A'^hurk, ' BfeecHer'aViaw^orfhldldJ^ ' . . Esstburt*l^nir««oBth*Ep»tl»tp thoPhihppiana, ,Comfca«dWcojn*t fy?o)mB\w/*n~ , u ^mm e^iof WomanVlifa 1 by flty* E. E. SkcicLs of Switisrlsiid, part id, by the author of Eady'SrA'ddresaeitapyonflti • • ;i SAXTA OLA. }$, WITH HI! CHaiST.MAS GIFTS Th« Jollowink lines appeared in print fbr the^rst time—though vEry often copied since—in the. Troy Sentinel oil Pad. 23d, 1823 M which paper wo .then conducted. Tjjlbywere imtldueed, oa ihatdccot •ion, with tha following reraariTsi whicb ( , as ,tbey continue toibe a true expression of our opinion of the oharniing liroillcityond cordiality bf tho Hnes, as well as ol.'our mchanged feelings tdwkrd the little people to whore they arc addr^sed. yre repeat ihero« only observing that although when we first pubush ed ihe,m, we dijd notknow^who wrote them, yot, not many months afterwards'we learrtt that they came from the pen df a most accomplished scholar and andeaUmaible jinsa, a professor in one of our col* !egesy~i&p. $ me, ' '• w-tf e know not to whom we are indebted for tho following cle*c|ription of that nnwenried patron of childreitr-tlbat \hemely but delightful personification of parental kirjdness—Santa Claua, his ctistume and hiaeq,uip»ge, as heroes about visiting the'firesidea Hodies Commentary on tha EpistlatathaRomans. Calvin on tho Romans. . •., • ' I Burton's Anatomy of Metanchdly. eittltt their breiBds, BSttMantenit, and dmue« v published by the London Society ©I nselttf Knowl- epmbe'^System-of Hitenolofcy. ^aiaheitnksyiii^ofdo. ^ , % *,trj.- v The, miacellanaoua work*of Henry, McJ?ai{ia» Eja- • coiiroletkinphavplume. \ t. A »^,.i John Bull and Brother Jonathan; by Paulding. Poems ^byWilUIme. Bryant. _ > Herodo^f a tranalit«d?by the Revl.WiHittjs B«We i ^3 vols. i ' ' ± L »i» i Essay on CovietousneH and Bsneficanca; by Dick. Dick's WOrkijin'I vol, Svo. ! Miriyatt's WoAsj to XVriKSt 1 *- CompIateWerkiofHihathMora, do. .^doJ ofMA,%*rwopd, D . . SpecimeAof BriashPoetla, GAbotfa Romfc, Hume'spatory of England, Mackintpth'i do. Allan's Life or Scott, Bridgewater Treati ? is,8 vols. Adarfla'lomanAritiqnifia»i Wood'* Mosaic! Hiitory, Good^BookofNiture,. •* •> • ' Reynold's Voyageround the World, W|ylind'aElemema of Moral Sciehca, -, gay f sPo!iticalEconoray f .8mrth , BWealthofNi Marshalira^fle-of Washirtgibn, Wbrk^ of RbbartHall, 3 tplr. fationa. alOiction- •ary, ! < Treasury of Knowledges vfla. ' Drcfe's Mental Itlnttinationiandfllorallniproveiniw, Boswell's tifeof Johnson, Poetical Works of Mra.Hemans, i Butler's Analogy, with Essay by Furnas, Ency clopsedia Americana, 13 vpjs. Chafmeraon Chn^taoBeye,l«tion, Sermons of the lata Dr. PaysOn. The Vbung Christian, by Abbot*,' t The Female Student* by Mrf. Phelpt, The Lawaof Etiquetta t orshortrul«aandrafl«cdona for Conduct in Society. Tfio'Daughter's <ywn Book, Youni Lady'* do. The 'S'oung'Ma'tfa Own Book, > ] - ^ The yowngLadyTa Medical Pocket Book, Tbe Wrtatht a Juvenile Annual for 1837, The Union Annual, for 1837. . Memoir of mfs.Graha%ia^«-^Wl°ff.» do. J.S.T? ay lois HtsYoryof Enthnsiam; N TheL^tdayaofPompeiii <*? The Heavens, By R. Mttdie, *- ; Combe on' the Constitution of Man,, Combe on Physiology djf Pigeatton, . Spurxh'eim on Nahiral Laws of Man. The Merchant's Clerk; by the author of Passages from the Diary ola Physician, i Lord Roldan, a Roman.ce^by'Allan Cunningham, Tales \of Fashion and RtaUty, by th* »i»» B««u- clerks,, ' ,.,»,, The Disinherited and Insnared, by tha authoress of \Flistatibn '•.«,,.'. m '' Crockett's Adventure* an& Exploits in T*x*»> A Twelve Month*s Campaign JO Navarre. &e. Notices of the WaV of 1812, by Armstront, Nimrod's Hunting Tbnrs, with AneOdote* of Sport- ing Men, _ „ Stories of th^ Sea, by Capt. Marryatt, Coleridge's Letters, Conversationa, Acy Skimmings, or a Winter at Scnlow Ha^innajd, by • Capt. BasilJHall, . i The Baptists in Amenca, by Cox'andHoby, . „ Spain Revisited, bythe author o£*\Yeart in Spain, Sis Years in the Monasteries ofltaly, Act Loiters from Algiers, by Thom«l Campbell, Esq, The Magician, by Leitcb Kltchiei ' De Lamartine's narrative Of the reftidencbof Fatalla SoiFe'shir among the wandarnlg Arabs Ot thet»r«at The Pamcide; by the nnthor<»f\MissoFimo« Wraxall'a Posthumbus %moir« of hia oWn Ttmt, Elements of International Law,, by H. Whealon, Pambpur, on Locomotive'Engmea npoh' Railways, The American Scholar; by G. C. Verplanck, Stories of Gil Bias, with Illustrations, One in a Thousand, The Doctor.' \ .„ ,- 42go, noo ««EJ»fi*« of .Bambs* on the Gospel*, • Dq. on Romans and the Aetl, Family\ Library, .' .• ' • , ' qommbn School Library, . Olney'a Geography, \ , i Bibles,, Prayer Bodks, *c.&C . , 1 r r ^tKMS.^—Taition, for thew\hoIecpur«« of Eng- : Education §30 a year; for French, Spaniih JKLttin, 015each; Music ^40VusiiotPiano JWrta, $3 ; Drawing §2 6i Tuition in th«.. Sii. tniry Department, $16 a jroar. ' HJr In consequence of the high prices of arti- * ek« required in tbe Boarding department, tie ^\'T.eh^ge'for.Board next term, will be advanebd\ \from #2, to $2.25 per week—which includes .' room rent, fuel, candles, and all other incidental •xpanses. Washing 56 cents per dozen. Each JfekpU must provide herself with bed clothing •id towel*. Papits from abroad'are reqairod to fcokrd in the Seminary, . <• . • * ^e academic year iadirided:info terms of 22 waaka each. Pupils ar*.fi»ceiyb|{; ai any time during* terra, and charged : imt$ffotfit-. ; entrance to'th«»Bd of the term ;• butno daductionwiil be t wtdt fiw f^ence after entraneoj unlaiii occa> >$ «ioned by #kness. The terma «owmenoa^>n s. ; th. first ThnratUy fe Way *«d pfet^gifc.'\. ^.. Spacious n«W brielfc bnjbiingjbasbean ••imdtmkf tmeh wMl enable theS»i^^iovac|Comirioa*te; a*|nt4Q addUioaal boAt^^^ijast^M^fipa^ jpfieac* to the whole nomw^;...^ ,$, „ r/ , 1 ,.,._; -f •Papila are re'o.aired to attend poiietastly such Church, on the Sabbath, a* thoir ^ix«nts and ' *d»«siBayp«i|er. ;, * • \'^*>.?/C~' SINGING, BOOfek H ANDEL and Haydn Collectien. Boston Academy. , do^ The Choir, ?- , .i. Matiea^acra, Musical Monitor, ] Methodist Harmonist, ,' •PUriftian Haroiony;, \ JE%|*le^« Social Choir, ^liarke *applie» of the abere, ja*t 't&wnQfSfebeii fale^ at thle? C*b*naaigua Bopkstorew. • ! \ i Octoberi \1836V . . I of cordial goodnela m it. a playiulnossof foncy, and a benevolent alacrity to enter, into tbe feelings and promote the simple pleasures^ children, which are altogether charming. We hope ouf l.iule potrona,. both -lads and I asses, wilt accept it aa a proof of our unfeigned goo twill toward them—a* a token of'our warmeat wisfc- that they may have many a merry Christmas ii tp »t they may long retain their beautiful reliih for twi > unbovght homebred jpya, which de> rive their fimt Itorh filial piety and- fraternal lave. and' which itha r may be assured are the least alloyed that time elm : urnish themt and that they may nev- er part willh t lat simplicity of Oharacter, Vf hich is their own fai -est ornament, and for the sake of which they have been pronounced;, by authority which none can gainsay; the typpa of such as shall inherit ihe kingdom of Heaven.— Titoy Scntincl,jor Dee. 23d, 1823. ^^ AOCOUNT 0! A VISIT MOM BT, liipnQLaS, OR SANTA CLAD3. \Twaa the nigBt before Christmas, when all thro' tlte house Npt a creatiuro was stirring, not even a mouse: The stocking) were hung by the chimney with care, In hopes that St. Nicbolas'soon would be there; The children were nestled all snug in their beds, While visions ol sugsr-plums danced in their beadls; And numma n her kerchief, and 1 in njy cap, Had iust settl id our brains for along winter's nap; When ont on the tawrt there arose such a clatter, I sprung from tbe bed to see what was the matter. Away to the irindow I flew like a flash, Tore open thi I shutters and threw up the sash. The moon on tha breast of the new-fallen snow* Give the Iuwr|ei of mid-day to objects below, When, what to my wondering eyes should appear, But a«mniiatu -e sleigh^ and eight tiny rem-deer,. With a lutlie eld driver, so lively and quick, I knew in a mjdmtnt it must be St. More rapid th in eagles his coursers-they came Nick. , s-they ndshoiitad, aUd called them by And he'Whilst ed, r ame \Now Dasher! now, Dancer !nc)w,Pr«!icer! now, Vixen!' On, Comet! • >n, Cupid,! on, Dunder and Bliien! To the top lof the porch! to the top of tne wall! Now dash aw ay I dash away! daijm away all!\ As dry leave) before the wild hurricane fly, When they meet with an obstacte.maunt to tho sky; So up to this I louse-top th* coursers they flew. With iho'slleigb fullof toys—and St. Nicholas too. And then, iinit twinkling, I heard bn tho roof, . The prancing and pawing of each liule hoof—. As I drew iln iiy head, and was turning around, Down the chi mney St. Nicholas came with a bound- He was dresi ed all in fur from hia head to his foot, And his clothes were alt tarnished with ashes and A bundle olfaoy* was flung on his| back a [soot; And he looked like a pedlar just Opening bis pack ; , Hiseyesr-bo wihey twinkled !.hia dimples how inerry! • , , ••> • , His cheek* v ere like roses, his no»a like a cherry; His droll liittl 3 month was drawn up like UTJOW', And the benr 1 of hia chin was as White as the enow ; The stump o! a pips hi hold: fast'lir^i.-foiU, And the snniol :e it encircled his head like a wreath; He had a bco ad face and a little round belly, Thai shook v 'ban h e imighedJikei a bowl-lull of jelly. He was chubby and plump, a right jolly old elf, Andl laugllicd whenl saw him, in spite of myself. A wink of h is eye and a twist of his head, Soon gave ma to know I bad nothing to dread; He spoke not a word, but went straight to his work, And filled all the stockings, then turned with a jerk, And laying; 1 is finger aside oi hi* nose. And giving a nod, up the chimney he rose; He sprang to hia sleigh, to his team gave a whistle, And away they all flew like the down of a thistle ; But 1 heard htm exclaim ere he rode out of Btgbt, \Happy C&r'jtnuatoall,andtoaUagoodnight.\ ry m*U at »t«! ia tb» ARABELLA£MITH,j *»*>&¥ ifV\ J. D, BEM#j 4>et,J«, «HV. ,J IEWELRTTJ O B. SlBliEY has met tece}yed a new « aassortment of Jewelry, consisting; in part of Bosm&fr&W jfjold and ailver, set with diamond, Pearl, Jet, Cameo,Coral, Enamel, Mosaic, &c> &c,,irif;r«lat variety: Gold and gilt FingirMnttyUiarMintt, of ike- latest fashiona-attd:-»t*w|f Gumrdtmd Watch GhaiM, of GoIdvSilrfa 0ilt* Plated, -Steele.^Cj,| % ofirir assortment ^•'••^ i<h — veri j&m-mi Steel;. Bl«4 fla Thimblea, Wallets and Puraw, Card Cases, **'—cooaprisidg; atwtfcklarf:eipand richer. at ariy other atore. N6f» I{f^ lr ' r 1U ' |_ I iooir AND' m<w MMMt&XQWi. Mb: mm ili# bwt mtAmj^m^l^AU Twrnue* kmwi & in w»«« ««Wr. *&6 POET* xma' i*9 u'niiiiiifi^inija.imfe M-*» a -•••«»» • • M^alW'«e»^ - •*^l(%afiti\lfi: „ stand in Caha he ieep* con.Untly o D hand aii mt*<& M0orh ***i s»o; ly calW tpf< Having deten halt material* and to •mplay I fiiptrjeMfti^nd fattfttal wort b«r continue. ,i»a**aw<,a ar«if>^. taWtl* hilt \h* M§0t. W uiiM *1<M s***i *r a tW* ifaraiiis lijaMJr t» K***1*IT H jat ai^s^^p^^'^^sa ^^^^Kf VHIW^HS r s^t^^ \^*^^^* ^^^*^SIP ^ W\\ A YASKEE.—A young oaan by the name of Cochran, a native of Enfield, N. H. has invented what he calls •' many-chambered rum-recoil\ Pistols, Rifles, Muskets,-and Cannon, vbrch are capable of having from ten to fiflleen charges Inserted in a metallic wheel, tint revolves on axis, in tbo rear of the breech, in such a manner as to bring eacli of lliem, in luccesaio^/upposite tho calibre of (he gun; when, by a percussion lock, they are severally discharged, with great rapility, and may be quickly replac- ed by otlitor*. Besides this important ad- vantage, he shot are driven to a greater distance, t ban by common fire arms,-with even a less charge of powdler, and there is no recoil, Mr. Cochran haB obtained pat- ents [for !his invention in tbjs country, Eng- land andl'rance ^having vjsited the latter counl'ries for that purpose, and made suc- cessful ejt ieriment« in the presence of tlistin- guished ID iilitary officers in London and Pa- ris. The t mbassador of the Grand Seignor, at the Bri cish and French' Courts, having witnessed the tremendous effects of these arms,induced the inventor to visit Constan- tinople, a: id gave him letters of introduc- tion and commendation to the chief officers of the Ot oman Empire. He immediately proceeded on the voyage, was kindly re- ceived, and introduced to the 'Sultan; and so much [interested was the Turkish re- former wjith the model of a cannon which be eaw fired, that he ordered a, twelve pounder ;o he constructed] and gave direc- tions for i inabling him fo complete tbe work, underbill own superintendence, at the pub- lic laboratories. The cannon was finished in a few i nonths, and discharged many times in the Kijesence of the Sultan and the offi- cers of Mia court, who were ao much grati- fied witut the result, that the Sultan, made the ingenious artist a most, munificent pros entiha purie of gold coin. After a resi- dence o six' months atl Constantinople, where M^r. Cochran waa treated with mark- eddiilirction by the Grand Seignor, and all the clvil^xailUstry, and naval officers of nie cour t, and by Com. Porter, our^ Charged' Affaire* he rtttitfid to bie icountry, and 'mfaty ViiHeH^oiWii, tflia ; re*ftV#fal gen tlanien bad tha. plaaaurp of seeing -one of liia rifleii.' which wa* manufactured at the 1 turned up in a most extraordinary atyle, sods eighteen inches in breadth and nine' inches in thickness being cut'from the fur- row, and completely reversed in posi ion, tbe tipper surface of tho sod being placed exactly where the. bottom had been foe ' T!he possibility of ploughing by has thus been ebtablUhed, though, employment of the steam plough, in once to one drawn by horses, will t\e on the comparative cost of the two \pikers and on. that of the implements used, aod as there are not at present any snfficionjt ' ' forjudging what die oTBerence of tKe,^».. will be, it i s not possible to say how far steam is li,ke.ly to be applied to this depart- ment of agriculture. Tho plough of] Mr. Hoathcote, though a- very powerful ma- chine, appoars to us t o be much too (Sim- plex audV costly for common agricultural purposes, though we havo little doubt that it might be used not only with effect! but advantage, in reclaiming large portions of moss land—such as the bogs of Ifelauc. Indeed, { it is the opinion of Mr. Heattjcoto himself, that it would., not at present: an- swer to employ it in reclaiming a emiller portion of bog than' 15.00 or 2000 a):rea, though it may be probably cheapened, and simplified, so as to make it ultimately use- ful on a smaller scale. IJJST M8. BIDDLE'S 2D LETTER TO MR. AD* Philadelphia, Nov. 11, 1836, My Dear Sir—I proceed to the second ob- ject of our conversation—the. present state of the currency—*which I shall treat j dis- passionately as a question of tnero finance. Our pecuniary condition seems to be a sjirabge anomaly. Wherr*Congres8 adjp|uril- ed, it left the country with abundant qriops, and. high prices for them—with every branch of industry flourishing—with more specie than we over possessed before—with all the elements of universal prosperity. Not one of these has undergone the slightest change, yet after a few months, Congress will re-oBsemble. and find Ihe wbolo coun- try suffering intense pecuniary distress.— The occasion of this, and the remedy f<*>r it, may well occupy our tlioughla. i In my judgment, the main cause, of it is the mismanagement of the Revenue,—jmis- management in two respects; the mode of executing tbe distribution law, and thj; or- der requiring specie (or the public laudB. 1st. The distribution law. j' In July 1836, Congress declared tha( the suiplus in the Treasury on tho lst^of Janu- ary 1837, should be divided among tho States. That it might be done as gently as possible, the payments were to be trade-, not at opce on the 1st oFJan. but quarierly throughout the whole year 1837 ; and ai> the aggregate sum to he distributed is from thir- ty six to forty mil Irons, we may assumo the first payment in January to be about nine millions. To prepare for this, the Treasury has had in hand forty or fifty millionfe—it would receive in the course of the open tion, thirty or forty millions of revenue^, mere— and as there was probably money* in crery State.and payments to make in every Slate, the operation was s o simple and easy tdat it ought not to have occasioned the slightest pressure either on, public or.private aQUrs ; and the whole might have been accom- plished without any derangement of ijrade tnd without tho movement of a single doi- <mwwmmi# ^W^'wiJT*? 0 , \ c Sgf &W1 i« P*if»M» eaUtbliabment ip Spring tt^fej^^tS^^.^ J^eh^o^notipr#r l lo fie ^la^al^of *hicbpv»ilr biMW $* w* aa mor6 th m t*r»i»ty-*eilbtl year* of age r is at any otbar store. r • i 8^ intaili«intri*a»loui.ana^«hterDrriinr. He inlelligi ntiai*»lous, and'anterprrsing. He is now engaged in supplying sportsmen with srx all arms, and in making cannon, of vaiioui iaiihrea, for •xpetiment, in presence of tha Ordinance officara, 1 of the United .'•irpAiiit^Ji^a^^^i^iPngbfb^papera git* th* following deKrjption o( M. ateam 'lli!»y*We^%>:, llr; ,|fe||neoti, of lUd ||eiiV^*^^t<wu # ,iMhtf Lin«oUMa4re,^fr. Chapman, M «srlao««Ui, Mr. Saaiib o/D«ajiatoa i»rerae«*i ia aarkru- L& <*rfa& atawins- lar in specie. This not only couldbe iSone, but has actually been qjyyag\ you will find in the public documents of 11829. In that year, the now administration of Mr. Jackson, anxious to appropriate every disposable dollar of the revenue to the re- luction of the public debt, eoughtandl ob- tained the aid of the Bank of tho U. States. Notice was accordingly given on-thej31st of March, 1S26, thatou the 1st of Julyl, the debt.and inlereut, auiounliog to §8,71$,462 87 els. would bo paid. At the rWiod of the notice, the whole available means of Ihe Treasury were only six millions, scat ered throughout tbe United States, and tliese, with the accruing revenue in tha interval, were, at a notice of nitvty days, to bt col lected, to pay nearly nine millions. So closoly was the government pressed, that after paying these sums, the actual balance in the Treasury, throughout tho who e U. States, was reduced to $164,365 04. The Bank however undertook.thu arrangement, with what success ilray he seen in the fol- lowing part of the message of IVlr. Jackson to Congress, in December lb'29, ''Thepay- ment on account of the public debt, made on the 1st oMuly last, was '88,715.4(12 87 It was appreliended that the sudden withiraw- al of so large a sum from the Banks in which it was deposited, at a time of unusual press- vlre in the money market, might cause much injury to the interests dependent on Bank ac- commodations. But' this evil HHIS wholly averted by an early anticipation of it it the Treasury, aided by the judicious arrangement of the Officers of the United-States.'* i The respective shares of the Bank and) the Treasury may he conjectured from ihej Sec- retary's letter of the'lllu of July, 1S$9, in which he takes occasion to express -\i\ the great satisfaction of the Treasury Depart- ment in the preparation for the 1 eavyriay- ment of the public debt on the 1st insjint— which has been effected by the prudent ar- rangement of your Board, at t a time of kevere depression on all the productive employments of the country, without causing any sensible addition to the pressure, or even visible ef- fect upon the ordinary operations of thelstate Banks.\ ! If then nine millions, being almost the last dollar in the Treasury could thu» be distributed—two millions ot it \to foreign- ers—at a time .of unusual pressure ; how happens it that with funds equal to fifty millions, and with six months notice] nine millions cannot now bo distributed—exclu- sively among our own people—at a'time of greater abuodsinee, without hazarding a convulsion?, -'The answer is t p be found hi the different mode of conducting the opera- tion. This may be Been bjj contracting whit the Secretary might ha'Vo dono,, 1 with what he has done. \ The distribution law assigned tohith twp duXiei, both pimple and both easy-^-tie di vision of the funds among the Banks and the division among the States. As to tile first, he was *;to select as soon as practicable, and employ aa depositories of tho money of the UnitedStateSjBuch of tho Banks a i may be located at,,, or convenient to the poi tits or place* at which the revenue may bo collect- ed or dilburse(d' , - i • ,, provided thai .at least one such Bank shall be locu tod In each State or Territory>**-*« and that no Bank! shall have On deposit more than three-foutflhs of iigcapital,» J . | Here is no authority whatever to dfstrib- uta the money from the Banks of one State to the Banks of another State., . ,0ft t the «oo|tary T i»^|U*> twelfth ae^tiott, m im* : (•rafor <**ny *i$m p**t*»* \mb*tivfjiv «*'• eept|o(aeiliiaUthei-Mfel\»f djatunti»en(i t •at4 to eo«kf ly with th« ja*o*»«ioiu «f tkw New York Banks New.Wk. Wh w SSPf^P^ ization-under the provisions of tliis act in consequence of too great an accumulation of deposits, in ary Bank—such transfers »hall be made to i be nearest Deposit Banks which are considered safe and secure ;\ and although the supplement saya that nothing shall prevent him f rom making transfers from State to Slate, ** when required to prevent large Si-inconvemmt accumulations in partio> ular. places.or in order to produce due equal- ity and just proportion according to the pro- visions of this ocL'l the general policy of the law to keep tlje deposits together,unless under peculiare mergeucies, temains un- changed. , . Under this.law his duty was as clear as po&frible. He was o.seethat no Bank should [have a deposit of more than three fourths of iils capital. 'The revenue in* the great cities then, should be divided among the Banks in those cities—there being in each of them solvent Batrks enough to receive ft. There was po necessity or sending a d^ar of it out af those cities In New YdrKalone ht» ,says, \ the operation will require the trans- fer t of something like eight millions of dol- lars from the old deposit Banks to new ones, cither in the State or out of it.\ But why out ofil at all ? Why could not the rejenue already received iii New York and falling due in New York, be divided among the to support the trade of, jt not let it remain active there up to the last Lour when it was paya- ble te the States? But the law requires that there should be at least one deposit Rank in each Stat u Be it 90. Thenttnake a deposit Bank in each Stale,if there be not one already, and jive it a deposit, which, While it satisfies the law, will not carry away into inactively, funds that might be useful to places - . '•>( business. There -was then, no-necessity to send a dollar from N. Vork f or the other commercial cities.merely for the purpose of preventing any one Bank from having more than three-fourths of its Capital. That is clear. Nor was it moru necessary for the pur- nose of distribution amopg the States. The law says: . . , *• That the money which shall be in . the Treasury of the United.States on the 1st of January, 1837, shs.ll be deposited with such of the several States, as shall bylaw au- thorise their Treasurer, or other competent authorities to recifve the 6ame—and the[ Secretary of theTreasary shall deliver the same to such .Treasurer or other competent authorities on recsiving certificates of de- posit therefor.\ This is the whole law. Now what does it contemplate ? The money must be in the Treasury on the 1st o f January, 1837, because up to that time it is not known whether the States will take it. Tec inically, and legally the Treasury is at Washington—practically the Treasury is wherever }be deposits of. tbe public monies art. But the Secretary of the Treasury is tin official person whose Only official residence is Washington. Ac- cordingly a Treas irer of a State goes to the Secretary at.Wasliington, and presents to him the certificates of deposit. The Secre- taryjtbereupon \ ielivers\ to the Treasurer his T Stale's quota. But Itow does he di-liyei, it ?* By an actual manual counting out of these dollars ?—No. By a check, on the Deposit Bank at Washington?—No. . But lie delivers to the State Treasurer as he doesko any other person receiving money, a draft for theain m'nt ou.some ou« or more of the depositor es which compose the Treasury. Is not such a draft the usual and proper mode of miking, public payments ? Undoubtedly. And then we come to the real question. V'as ft necessary to make in advance any transfer of funds whatsoev- er inffo the several States- merely because they had the option, on certain conditions, of receiVingthem ? lf.theie* was no such necessity, (lien the 12lh faction of the law makes these transfers illegal. Now there was clearly tiosu^h necessity. The money wa s t o be deposited WITH the States, not inf them. It was necessarily paid in Wash- ington by drafts Dn oilier places. If you say (hat the Seen tary must pay it into Hie Stale Treasury, it is not enough to briug it inlto ihe State—-he must take it to the Seats of Goverun. eut. Pcnn&v Lvar.ia must have her idiare— not in Philadelphia,*buf in l|<trri!»burg. New York mut.1 be paid, not hi the city of \ew Yoik. but in Albany. If the place be not fixed by law,<lie mutual convenience of the parties will designate it. Now there is no individual and no State in the Union that wiould not prefer payments in New York ot the north Atlantic cities, Ito payments any iwhere else; and for this 'obvious reason,— hat money is worth more tlierp than ai,iy where t-l>e. If the Stale of Ohio, for instance,had a draft on New York, it coiuM'sell it tc its -citizens, usefully to theuji and profitably to the Treasury. It does not want the riior ey brought.to Ohio.Every\ mile it comes on the road lessens its yal.uo. .We may safely crncludo, then, that there w,as no necessity fur sending a dollar of the pub|ic money from New York or the com-\ •mer^ial cities for the purpose cither of equal izing funds among Banks—or distributing them through th< States : Tjie true theory of the case, therefore, wasjsimply to let the excesses of revenue in tl^e several Suites, be transferred, iu the counse of trade, to the great commercial points, and then 1 o pay the States by drafts on those pointy. The Deposit Batiks at those points, knowing \&hat they had to pay'; would have been .ready to pay,~and up bathe hour of payment would huvecui- p)o}]uU the funds usefully ; so that ir\every staejc of ihafc pracess, business would be assisted,—commercial activity stimulated, -(-and all parties be gainers.- Even supposing these transfers at all ne- cessary—the funds should have been<remit-\ ted by bills to the* points of accumulation-:- bjending these operationssp insensibly with the business of the country as to be unfelt except in its benefits. But what has he Secretary done? In- Bt|ea.d of graflua preparations to provide ftimlsat the distant points, the whole (sci- ence of the Treasury seems to have consist- ed ip drawing warrants—in taking up the columns of tho rt turns and dirocttng drafts from tho Banks, throughout the United Spates, without n.ecessity-without reference to tpe wants or ihe business of tbo different sections of the Union, the season of'the yiear, or the com se of trade—and thus' ma- k|ine the whole r iventie of the country worjt agajnst thewjaol J industry of the country. Hia secret is tli u§ revealed in the letter to Me|MS, Gri*wolt& Swan ••Thavej, tberi5for«, ift cases wliere the publie tnoftejr bad accumulated in any Bankiitaany one $late, and now Ranka cpujld be aeasonnbly obtained im any other JSlaiei teAire oni| o|i«le public mottey already «r.i*jtwl, Jhade biut one transfer to accom- wom^ojtrw* ••• arith th* »rov t*^ art smtby snlubs^ WHl « njijii b^^ijTae^^ have reduced th i extsfaain certain , •ill #Mali|- 'ihamin* place*!* to tWii tetea : uduH it would UimdUntst *ur, a»*pwhera '-f^s^sppv IfmWt \ wJJv,!^^ 'lit, j^\WlWP# ity would be iricredible—tbe extraordtttary ma^nef injwhiih the public money hais|een scattered. Tbe Secretary aees an accumu- lation of the piiblic revenup ijr any one State. Hfes^ej, another place in another Btate \ wlere-D|?Jy a ! fitile -pubJic money already existed,*?-T-wljereupGB he resolVea,\- without the teasj authority from Congress,* to bestow upon that place \ an equal, por- tion of the pubj ic money i\ and a«„be will have, twelve nonths^ hence, to pay S«me money in that !State, he makes a \single operation'? of i: — and accordingly he con- fesses lhatpie has actually transferred pub- lic monoysiinto State's which cannot receive them.for ajyear afterwards—depriving tbe .very.comn(iunity,- whicfi raised tbe money, of too U8<^ of'it doting that whole pe- riod.,. I t \ . Such a ijneasu.fe was o f itself sufficient to disorganize the currency. Rt|t it \?ai ae- companieg-hy another.which &t&ffi' : it with a4etifold power of misehfef. fPhif^S the Treasury order prohibitihg tlib ; #|ejj>t at - the Land Office of any ^hii»g Hot .specie— an act which set ma to'.me a mosf 'Wanton abuse of power, if not a flagrant usoirpati&n. The whole pecuniary syatprjiof t|ris,|0!ftB L tjw, that tp which, next'to its \:fjreMoiajt \ojiyes its.prosper ity, is the system of credMp Our ancestors cj.rne here with no nijoney^-j- but with far bu'ter things—with courage and industry—and lite want pi capital Wa^ supplied by their,mutual confidence. This is the basijsof our whole commercial ao<jl internal tndustiy. 5 Tbe Government re- ceived its duties on credit and sold its, rand? on credit. When thejalesof land on cred- it became incorf rcnierit from the complica- tion of accounts, the lands were .sold for what is termed cash.. But this was only a-nother fo^-nr of credit, for the Banks, by lending tp those..who purchased lands,, took the place Cff the Governmentascreditors-^ and the Government received their 110165 as-equivalent to specie, because always con- vertible into specie. This was- the usage —this ma| be regarded-as the law, of the, country, 'By ljhe resolution of. Congress passed on the 3Dtb of April, 1816, i t was declared that •' no duties, taxes, debts Or sums of money, accruing or becoming pay- able to the United .States as aforesaid, ought to bexollejcfed or received otherwise than in the legal currency of the Unjted States, or Treasury notes, or the Bank of the Uni- ted Sitates p or in, notes of Banks which are payable apd paid on d,emapd in the said le- gal currenjey of tjhe United States.\. 1 This resolution presents various alterpa* tiyes—the; legal ...currency—or Treasury hotes— qr (notes pfifhe Bank of the United States— ot notes? of specie paying banks. A citizen |had a right tc^choqse anyone of these modlesupf paj ment. Ho had as much right to pijiy for land with tho note of a spe- cie-paying bank as^topay it for duties at the custoip house, \lathis be denied, cer- tainly anjf of them might be accepted by the Treasury—but to proscribe all but one—to refuse every thing but the most difficult thing—to do this without notice of tlie ap- proacuing change in the fundamental sysci tem oi'ouir dealing-^is an act of gratuitous oppression. ' * Under the operation of this- resolution, the banks had gone on,.feariijg nothing, as they hadjonly to provide for the usual spe- cie ca'll ppon them—and saw the cotintry full of specie, with no foreign demand to strain it from them—when„ f pi a sudden^ •without ^ny intimation of the coming sbork p an order was issue by the S#cf;etary,declare iug that their notes were no longpr receiv- able, and of course inviting all who; held tlie notes or had deposits in these banks, to, convert.them in specie. Il.ua fact made at once the \\ hole amonnt. of their circulatipO and private deposits a specie demand upon tlieui. T he first coiisequence was, that the banks nearest the land offices-ceased making loans, The next was, that, they strove to fortify themselves by accumulating specie. JtwasjusA at ihis'moment that the war- rants for transfers were put into Iheir hands. The combination of tlie two measures pro* duqed a double result—first, to require the batiks generally to increase their .specie, and nejtt, to give the means of doing it, by drafts on the Deposit Banks.' The com- mercial community were thus'taken by sur- prise. Tbe^nleribr banks making no loads and convening llheir Atlantic funds into specfe, the? debtors in .the .iuteiio'r could make rio remittances to the 'merchants.in the Atlantic cities, who ate thus thrown far siiipporj;on the banks of those cities at a ? tnqtnettt when they are unable to afford re- lief on account of'the very abstraction qf tljeir specie to the West.. Tfhe. credito'r states not only receive po, money, but then- money is carried away to the debtor slates, Who in turn, cannot use it, either to pay old engagements or'to-run tract new. Bj 7 this unnatural piocess the- specit) of Ne\y York and the oilier comtueicial cities is piled up in\'the Western States—not circulated, not used, but held as a defence, a gainst the Treasury—and while (he West canttot use it—the East is su Serins 'for the waiit of jt. The result is, that the commeici<tl inter- course between the West and the Atlautic,, is almost wholly suspended, and the few Operations which a-re made t are burdened with the most extravagant expense. In Nov. 1836, theiuteresft of money has risen tjo twienty four per cent.—merchants aije struggling to preserve their credit\ by ruin oils sacrifices—and it costs five or sj;X times as-mr-ph to transmit funds* from the west and iputh-west, as it did i n Nov. 1835,.<j>r *34,or|'32. Thus while tjie exchanges w it|h all th«. world are in our favor—while Eu- rope is alarmed, and the Bank of England itself uneasy at the quantity of specie we possess—we are suffoiHig because, fromriiere mismanagement^ the whole ballast of the currency is shifted from one side of the ves- sel tp the other. In t|he absence of good reasons for these measures, and a s a pretext for them, it »ss said that the country has overtraded—that, the banks have overissued, and that tlie purchasers of public Jands.have ,heen very extravagant. 1 a m not struck by:the trut^h or the proprtetv. of tliese complaints. ^ The phraie of oyeftiading 1| !wy «onve6|erjit but ftot very intelligible, If i| means any thing, it means that our dealings, Wi3j©ii!»,? er countries have broUgbi M§ xti iefet.4«. Uiose countries^. In that.case tlte exeftati^f turnf against our country, and is rsctift«|i by an exportation of sppcie or stock*.Ihjim first: instance—and then, by redneibg ilm 'imports totbeexport^ Now th!&|aiSikl]|»V ai this mpmenti the exchange* are »R in; favor of this cpuntry^that iit» y«o can mky a hill of eSccbange on a foreign coun;ttf cheaper that you can send wieele io Mm: country. Ae'eordicglv, much apeci* $p§ come in«-none goes dnt, lliia to» sit''»ip^ ment W'ben the ©xehanjtt fertb*» W* crop ia exhausted, and that of the new crop baa notyiRt come into the market—*«d *he|i we ai* on the >«in< -^WMSK Europe the .to|e^e*'«|.t)i».-.^«utttty»«§' fi^or#iit : :ltof 'flow th-a'n ^an^ew Yorli fei* an oM^ader ? Her> ^ne^hanta have aoltf |tobd#fi¥iffie merchants of the in- terior, yrmyM #fi[iing to p-y^and under ordipaty af#n?»ta*ces able to pay—bathr lie ###«|f t|ie g^overbnterft, a* xjbVf* > oti»^-irap|aii^^a'kehaxlawa|lowe4jb«ia «p, tneir.d4M^|jate disabled from making' iimammmf^it. It is not that tne Ai- labile tBm^M&ve sold <oorb{irj^£:ood*» biat Sliat faB'^hsmment prevents ttim re- ceiving paMmfoi^irany. Moreovec^n the ebmmerdafcJi;ie^iiBjj)ney can be bad, thVugb at extra fipHfy m 1%&s, fpr capita.R*lraftd7tr> theoi*djf»jir eMIgesfor the userpfilabigh itt&UrMce>a'gjtifii* tbe; toss \of^Tt. Iris; not (hen w-mam that money h not jto^re pro- enred, as tlat doubt andalaftnlacrca*0itiba hazardsoi'teMriglt, » \ \ Then as io tfee^Banlts It i«. quite ptdh- able that rn|l»iy of th*'Banks bav« extend- ed their iambth*4mt whosef^ult h&? Who galled tMsi Bani# f intbrexistencer'^Tfae Executive.]' Whajlfflgledand goaded them iqtbeseissfea^Undoubtedly the JE&ettt\ Hive, -Tb* \u$ftt0v* yekia ago/ Was In.' possession qf ihe-ufobt iteau-tifal tnachrnery '4imm¥%$M&\W&lmgt9 tbe worW'efir $0> % [ v wmS0tm of a number ~cf Statjtr Ba«/k? pratteeiei}, and, at ihe same ftme^ restiainedj |»y the Bank' of ^he United' Sta'tefe V\-\- • t 'The jpeopfe I6f tbe United Sfctef tlirougU- t'heirTepr^rafiattSfeK rje chartered that in- stitution. .Bull tfeelE^ecutive, discpntent- ed with itilnfependenbe, rejected the Act ofCo^greiiftridtfte favorlle (opic ol de- clamation w^thaf the States woujd make banks, and that these banks coulofcreate a btper system of fcjitrency and fexcbaiiges, Tjie States Accordingly made baniaVanil tlien. followejd the idle' parade«-afcout ther ^p?ns of thek© 'banks, and ihefr enlarged dealings in tefcciiange. AnrJ what it ih^ consequence? The Bank of the United States lias not ^peasedto exist more than' seiven niontlis;, and already the 'wrfiole cur- rebcy and exchanges are running intoinex- trieable conftision, and Ibsj industry of 4ber cojunlry is burdened with extrayagantchar- - ses on atl tbie commercial intercourse of the- Union. Ana. n6w, w ben these Banks b^vr be.en create^ by the Executive, Uftd urged into these excesses, instead of gentle iand gradual'rempdies, a fierce crusade is raised against them—the funds are harshly taken fritjim them, and (hey ate forced to>^tracr> dihary means of defence against ihe very * power whiclj) brought Ihem inlo being.—' They received, and were expected-1 p-XA- cerve, in payment for the Government, the , nqtes of eacfl otiier,and the notes -of'liner haflksran'd the facility with wiueMhey did so, was.a/gr'Pund of special commendation bjr the GOverh^nent. And now that very Gov*- *• erbment bas[let loose upon them a demand\ for specie, to tlje wsbolfe amonut ef those\ nqtes. I gd further: There is an^ outcry abroad, raised -by factio|n and echoed by foj- ,ly, against 4U Banks i,u the Unifid Siatea, Until it. was disturbed by the Government, the hankingkystem in the UniledStpe* was, at least aa good as that of any other commercial cotibfry. What wa* 'desired for, its perfection, was nrecisely whatrhave so long, striven to.accorpphsb—towiden the metallic basis of the. c,u rreney, by a .greater infusion^pf coin into th<> smaller cbanuels.of circulation^, fTbts was [in a gradual and ju- dicfou^'train of accompjhahment. ,But thie- miserable fojpleiy sebout an fxchtswilifxam- tajlic currency is quite as absurd aa to dis- card the steamboats, arJd go hack lo-polingr up/the Miss|ssippj. Banks' may often err 1 from want of skill, andjoccasionally be inju- rious,as.8ieanj is—but itts not the less true,*\ that the ban|ts of this country have I eent' the great instrument cf its improvement;^ and that duringfafi.the convulsions Of th»* last fifteen years, for'eyery AmericahJbarikt wjrich has fa[Sied^a4 least tea English banks ha^vfe failed. :, : £\^ | 1 ^ So with regard to the,lands For the last feW\ years, the amount of tlie sales of* the I public lands has,been aj constant theme ot*» congratulation with the Executive. In tbe very last message, on the 12lh of DeCem- ber,; 1835, he repeats the same strain.—. \ Among tlte evidences of the iiigrwxing \ prosperity of the cOuairt/ b not the least grat- \ifying is that affprded by the rec/tptsi'qf tfa \ public land& which, anount m tht present \ year to eleven millions of dollars. ^This ',' circumstance attests the rapidity vxilhicStich \ agriculture, the first and most important ' ' occupation of man, akoap,ces, arl'd ^contri^ \ bates iofhepowerofoirextendedterrittiry-** .In, the same ipessage ltje declared that *» the \ circula'ting medium iias been greatly-itn- 1 *•' proved.', By the use of the Slate Banks! itf * ! is ascerta|inied.f/nrf aj, the wants of the com~ \ munity hi relation to exchange and currett- '' cy are supplied c(s wt 11 as ih<ey e%ei kavt y keen before!;\ Scarpely «se\ en thonths- elapse whein these pastoral and financial visions dissolve tp air. A gr^cuiXwe ^cea-, ses to be *•* it he first an if moht ynportanj oc- *' cilpatiqniof man\—the State Banks cease, tojieithe mo^els.pjf exchange and'eurreh^y —ihut fortli.issuesthejSeeietary witliaide- cl^ra[fion, }\v0 r riy. : protect the Tteasory \. from frauds!, spepnla lion anel o^oiippolteg. ,c in the wtttjcbaae of public lanjls—from, \ excessive bauk ered' ts—from ruinousMt- '* tension of bank issues\—nothing shall he reiGoived for land put gold and^ilver. Now wa&f.an exbil ition is th>s? The public landjs aie exposed to public auction, trie prices requced in'order \ \h 1 ! r it.' * $ h 'f- ~~*A t If courage s^tes, exulting a ! t theCr \o en- ' the, President stands by* ount, w hen suddenly- U© * declares that jie will permit no speculations, and that K$ will r?|i$»ejthe pdee ofjhe lands N by raising the price oil v» hat alone hAwill receive for them* 1 Now, supposing tFltut that men la v*e bought too much la^d^— What right las t|e President to dictate ^ the jcltizens pf this country, whetlm tlvey boy too m«c1t lahCqr tobmucb proadciotlir J They mtt|t6e pcjrmi ted to ko»w anritii, manage tli^ir o>yn ^concerns <|nite aa- well as be does, Je^vlrMthte evil, if ii£e one f ^« = correet i^f||||fif mfn exees^, 4f he pro- hibits live mm Pf aby thhtg'Jbt|t'tpee1# to correct i%0 'a^cjulationa, litej**ay- malteJ^-, th<e same'iiToflbltlpn as to tbe dnties: on. ba*d wwre^ «f |rb«Qtb,or ^lnes;%M»i»v er bis paternal wMouji ahall see u* feuvinj t^d many\r 11 * Hla -* iH » aE - iLi —— —-s*- -?— ®W '*\'• ft ~l. ^-s rf* ing if ibd many coat«, or to4> itoeb cbam,p#P|^i*vd thus brln* the m- fre msm-W*** - :L - ~' L * -\~ i*~u |T1p cdantry wodw his con.- ! -%W^ftfM!lna!y not/W^eiv^ whftllf ffsM^s»|Pw|f e|xAractTtt>mthem two #eaimsrf!W irk U^dtfJt* ««» ihM^ommfnm^m^t *«<«onimi«v* s F have little doubt that tbe «**« w4*T£ 1 jMs^'iwlJtlJBt'Mi Ss!iStf I iwit]|«Ulk* ? TT.T^^ ^^** w>JPa!P the'tsavei cretefor \t^ftlivtWa • BmlUtade o*»c*»«Mpiriei.

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