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The western star. (Westfield, N.Y.) 1826-1828, July 06, 1827, Image 1

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A +. VOL. II.] Westfield, Friday, July 6, 1827^ [No. 57. PUBLISH! I) ON KKIDAVS, KV HARVEY nrSWCOBEB, Ar TVESTFIELD, CH.\ UTAUO.UE Co. W. MEXICO—CONG RESS OF BAYA, &c. ^^^^ Letter from Mexico to the editor of the Al bany Argus, dated April 2Q. Statesmen. %** England; within any reasonable period, attempt a descent upon that island, and she will have Mexico as an ally. Some of the lea ding men here already say that England alone is able to hold and to protect it ! TACU- In the event of any such attempt on the 'part of England, to add Cuba to her ether W. India colonies, and of an in- My Dear Sir-Nothing has transpi-1 *'*\»« on the P a . rl . 01 lh * U \ Slat ^ s ' redi .idee * last wrote you, to chan F ge ; I am fully persuaded that such ,s the [heopinionthenintima'ted, as to t h e i ,n,at0al,Dn - now ascendant ,,ere ) probable state of theTacubaya congress. Lvery day adds new confirmation to the suspicion that this government is determined, if it can without a palpa- ble violation of good faith and hospitali- ty, to prevent its re-union. conjecture I may be deceived by a too «unerficial view of the matter, but on, . . . . . Mother hypothesis can 1 account for !«»ed and convicted the movements of certain men here in power. The informant, to whom I alluded in my last, was in enour respecting the disposition made of the treaty conclu- ded at the isthmus last summer. It now seems that the consideration of it has not been indefinitely postponed by the Mexican congress (whose session is prolonged for SOdays from the loth inst.,) but that it is still in the hands of the respective committees of the two houses, to which it was originally re- ferred, with a majority of each opposed to its ratification. When this happens to be the case in relation to any refer- red subject, I believe, according to the course of legislation here, the question either is suffered to sleep, or more members are added to the committee.— This latter alternative has not yet been adopted. We learn that Chili has appointed commissioners, whose arrival is daily looked for. Their appearance may have some effect upon the counsels of the Mexican cabinet, and induce to a change of policy. As the matter iu«r stands, whether it be from the pressure of trans-atlantick influence, or from a jealousy of Bolivar, (whose power she dreads \will be increased and strength- ened bv the acts of the general nm- our country would interpose at the hazard of incurring the determined hostility of this government. About ten days ago, a man named Seguro, secretary to the Arenas conspi- Iri this' rac y> was publickly executed. The arch fanatick himself (Arenas) is still hut nn ;' n confinement, having been long since lie is a fiiar, and, I understand, some scruples are iudul- g^d as to the propriety of his execution for want of a competent erclesiastick bod}' to degrade him. Degradation it seems is an indispensible pre-requisite to his execution, according to the holy customs of the church. His case pre- sents questions upon which the clergy deem it expedient not to agree, and in i the end, I think, the Padres will man- age to save the Friar. Eschevarri and Negrete, two gen- erals who signalized themselves during the revolutiou, and vigorously united with Tictoria, Guerrero, Bravo, Santa Ana, &c. in putting down Iturbide, have lately been seized in their beds at midnight, and carried off under a mili- tary guard, the one to Acapulco and the other to the castle of Peiote, without warrant, and in defiance of the consti- tution which they mainly contributed by their patriotick exertions to establish vending thesf- their daiiy bread by sheets. Like the two-penny trade 01 London, without imparting any por tion of their imputed good, these com- positions are equally as detestable in their objects, and quite as violent and vulgar as the latler are described or can possibly be. Thd feeling of indepen- dence which they inculcate is savage. Without generating any other than a morbid taste for reading, they have neither sown the seed of intellectual improvement or of moral restraint. With the exception of an insurrec- tion in Darango, which has been, so far attended with partial success, every thing now appears tranquil upon the surface ; but as there is obviously much suppressed feeling among the persecu- ted and wealthy natives of Old Spain, it is a tranquillity maintained apparent- ly by the universal presence of a strong military force. There is, besides, a powerful political opposition to the administration, at the head of which is gen. Guerrero. The general is devoted to the cause of freedom. Between his party and the old Spaniards, there is not the least sympathy whatever.— The latter are characterized by a pen- chad for monarchical institutions. Gue- rero is the most prominent candidate for the Presidential chair in succession to Tictoria. He has won his way into the publick affection by the i'orre of his village,& upon all the toads,yoti are met by the badged minions of power, de- manding your passports and prying into your baggage for contraband articles and seditious papers: By the bye, a small douceur will generally save you the mortification of submitting to this espionage ; the greatest objection So it, is, the necessity, for it occurs so often. Besides, the weight of power is con- stantly pressing most severely upon the citizens through the medium of a privi- leged ecclesiastical corps, whose num- bers and identity of feeling and of inter- est, give them the faculty of ubiquity, and who firmly hold the mind, body, and purse in subjection. This enume- ration, you will reasonably infer, brings me to the conclusion, that whatever there may be of physical, there exists little of moral force in the country. The importance of official responsi- bility does not seem to be duly appre- ciated, as it is not attended to. The fault lies in the total absence of that great lever, publick opinion, which, in our country, bears to a ceriain extent upon all department?, and is sooner or later ever right; and, which, however it may be abused by occasional factions, never fails, under the auspices of our free popular institutions, ultimately to take a proper direction. If there be such a thing as publiok sentiment pte- vailing here among those classes which every citizen ol the L\ S. wiliiirj tlieir, } be held re sponsible for \t^t fla g ,UOl * n - SS £\ * C<i f \ d . e territory and the scribe it by no m.lder epithet) of the condcutoisof the Sol, they attempted to impose a belief upon the puuitck, thntj our resident minister presided at a can gress,) Mexico will Dot cordially lend her cooperation in expediting its re-un- ion, if it can be avoided gracefully. Why it is so, I have not yet been a- Lie to fathom, but most indubitably our country and our countrymen are not fa- vourably looked upon by the authoti- ties of this republick. Had you have been here during the excitement produ- ced by the abortive attempt at insur- rection made in Texas by a few rene- gadoes, you would have supposed that of the U. S within th ' grasp, was to the integrity of that territory ana me safety of its inhabitants. With the Gatchupins,—the Ultras,—we stand still worse. This b as it should be.— May our free constitution perpetually remain an eye-sore to the lovers of roy- alty. Mr. Poinsett is munificent, bland, and fashionable ; yet lie is the continu- ed object of the most wanton and gross libels through the medium of papers patronized by high functionaries. No- thing can be more unkind, for he is tru- ly amiable, and evidently anxious to conciliate and to please. But he is the representative of the U. S. Ilinc Mae iachrymae! This feeling of dislike lor anglo-American*, is peculiar only to the highest orders, which include all the springs of decaying nobility, and is I am told, confined chiefly to the capi- tal. The great point has been gained by the people, however they may be li- able to misrule in those seasons of dis- order to which all newly-formed go- vernments ate obnoxious. The rock which for ages bound them in slavish darkness, has been rolled back. The light of liberty has burst upon them—it can never be extinguished entirely. Having adverted to the probable ex- istence here of European influence, much, very much of it, may doubtless be traced to the magick of loans ; for with all their mines, and all their bad fiith in the sudden exaction of high du- personal courage and the splendour of] are not under the banns of bigotry, it is his military achievements. Although'at best misguided, and centres at last apparently iudiflerent about popularity ! in a deep-rooted hatred of Spain and of he commands the applause of the popu-; natives of Spain. Those whose lots lace, and by the soldiery he is regarded, are cast among them; with all their with enthusiasm and veneration. The! faults a nd intolerance, are sadly perse- other condidates for the chief magistra- cuted; so much so, that such as ate able cy will probably be, Gomez Pedraso,; are gradually leaving the country, and _ secretary of war, the pride of the pres-j carrying their active wealth with them. This arrest has been a fruitful theme of 1 ent cabinet, and Estiva, who lately re-! A policy that wonld be calculated to just and bitter complaint with all the |tireu from the treasury department, in conciliate them, it appears to me would old Spaniards, whose paper, The Sol, reflects all their feelings and animosi- ties. The congress yielded to the pub- lick clamour so far as to institute an in- quity into the grounds and authority for the arrest of the two generals; but! in the palace. He is about 40 years finding no person connected with the j old, and unmarried. Though unassu- adniinistration willing to assume the re- sponsibility, or to ocknowledge any a- gency in the dark transaction, farther inquiry was suspended, and congress seems content to leave the prisoners as they fouad them—in irons. The u Sol\ is said to be edited by the management of which he introdu- be wiser; for after all, they are the >most punctual and responsible mer- nrrival i chants of the country, and the with- with some other gentlemen, to pay my **** of the,r ca P lta * W,U be sens,bl - v Is it not to be hoped that most of the ced many important reforms I called, shortly after my respects to the President, who resides evils under which this country is now ming,heis stately in his manners, &evi-: suffering, will be mitigated, if not re- cently shows .that he has devoted most of moved > b 3' tln *> a state of P eace > n,on ; his life to military studies and pursuits/ toleratIon in cases °J conscience, and The soldiery (by a large body of whom above all > D > lhe diffusion of education he is constantly surrounded) still con \ the all accomplished Alaman,\* first and its invariable concomitant, liberal ^^^^^^^^ He discovered »«y of sentiment? T .in conversation none of the treasures of Strange as it may appear, some of i a well-stored and cultivated mind.— the leading Mexican politicians (espe- stilute his sole delight; kerp the nai...n and the slate of society in ao unsettled condition for, a season. The accounts we get from Colombia are still unfavourable. Those from Gnatanu.la more so. It is to hoped the infection will not reach this Republick, and that sh« may prove herself sound and strong enough successfully to resist every pressure, whether from internal factions or externa! foss. Having indulged already in many crude political reflections, I will close this letter by a glance at the natural face of this country, so far as it has come under my observation. In travelling from Vera Cruz to this city, a distance of 260 miles, nothing strikes a northern man more obviously than the remarkable scarcity of forest trees and water courses. For the great- er part of the way, especially along the extensive ylains between Xalapa and Puebla de los Angeles, I was continu- ally reminded of our wide flat western prairies, as the latter appeared to me in the months of January and February 1 Sip, when deprived of their tal! grass; with this difference, however, in favour of the former,—they are occasionally intersected by ditches of many miles in length, for the purposes of irrigation, and shepherds are now and then to be seen in the large flocks of sheep and goats, generally in the vicinity of little clusters of dwarf pines and oaks : be- sides, after stietching one's vision all a- round for immense distances, the eye reposes at length upon the grandeur of mountain wilderness, upon stupendous active or extinguished volcanoes, cov- ered with eternal snow, the whole irre- sistibly impressive of the omnipotence of nature, and producing the effect de- scribed by a living author, \ of impo- sing an idea of solitude even upon those who travel in great numbers ;\so much is the imagination affected by the dis. proportion between the vast wild around, and our own insignificance. The atmosphere of the valley of Mexico is of a remarkably soft and u- niform temperature, although it is at such a height above the level of the sea, as to be embraced within what is distinguished from the less elevated re- gions, as part of the ticrras frias — During the coldest months, the ther- mometer usually ranges at from 58 to 62 deg. Since the commencement of April, it has generally been above 70 deg. All agree that the months of A- , . A L 1T , L , . „ _ . „ u 1Y \ xl 5 a V P°\\ I , \ ,W ^'Hpriland May are the warmest months secretary of state under the constitution-1 With a salary ol $3;> ,000 per annum, cially those who feel securely entrench- J^ ti, e year- when the rainy season al government, who now ties in retire-{he never visits, and scarcely ever in- ed upon the seats of power and patron-1 comme „ ces ' (nat j s - ear » v i n June it ment upon $12,000 per ami. which he jvites visitors, but devotes his hours of age,) do not desire peace, and profess j wiU becom g cooler ' ^ t this height of ireeives as oassive a^entfot an English *-* i»r.. fft*..v.«»WA ^\fl^/.o-.. »*.iri #^ ^aitf^n^ti. «u.. nnpcihla tiinniYnitinn iiv> -_. . . _p mining company. Politically he is out of favour and out of humour. As aspeci- relaxation to his favourite officers and ] to deprecate the possible recognition by I BfjnrTfcnt tuHraTthl soldiers. j Spain of their national independence as The Palace is an immeuse building, a calamity. Such an event would leave coveting one entire square, guarded by them without pretext for keeping up so night and by day, at each angle and e- formidable a military force: besides, very avenue, by armed men. It com- the \ occupation\ of many an Othello p.cUnda vc--.rV,; n it s walls, besides the would then be \ gone.\ Again, belie- spacious apartments set apart ror me * : ~s — - 1 --J •*-,«»-•-• •'ipir«»is - the most cus in concalve, at which it was deter-1 Presidents residence, offices for the favoured land of heaven, they are un- ' ,. ,ii I ... ^ . . _.:ir. n « ir, oflT.M-.t nnu additional fatlll- mined that a seiies of treasonable letters should be forged and conveyed through a channel which would insure their discovery, purporting to be written to and conveyed by distinguished Span- iards, and say they, u Eschevarri and Negrete are the first victims to this dia- bolical ploi !\ Credat Judoet apella ! Another specimen from the same : u It is said that friar Arenas has offered upon condition that his life be spated, to disclose the names of the persons who instigated him to move in his treasona- ble projects. This much wished for disclosure will bring to, light at last the tremendous malefactions of a certain personage estrangero. :} There is not a lepero in the streets who does not un- derstand the allusion. Among the more intelligent classes, few are weak enough to believe these and similar in- uendos, though some are wicked enough to affect credulity ; and the \ Aguila\ the mouthpiece of Ramos Arispe, min- ister of Grace and Justice, in a Jesui- tical paragraph alluding to them, says : \ If such things be, government must look to them ;\ \ let every tub stand on its own bottom,\ &c. &c. There is a third daily paper publish- ed here, edited by Zavala, governour tics, arbitrarily imposed, there is con- \ f the slate of Mexico, \ The Correo,\ fcnedfj a lamentable want of funds and —with more integrity of purpose than ^^ m the Sol and Aguila both together. It four ministers and their army of clerks, willing to afford any additional facili the mint, two large quartels, three court ties to foreigners, particularly to Span- rooms with contiguous prisons, the sen-;»sh subjects, for emigration among them, ate chamber, a representatives' hall, a c and in participating in the rich boun- botanical garden, &c. &c. Indeed,]ties designed by Providence for them- wh'en ranging through this immense J selves alone ' ^^^^^^^^^^ sea, the air is ex- tremely rarified, and evaporation goes on with great rapidity, the effect of which is, that on the extensive plains surrounding the city, and which are ve- ry arid and entirely destitute of forest trees, there is but little verdurp.; -\\\\• ., «w«, oesides being constantly ex- posed to clouds of dust, we sensibly experience a difficulty of respiration, after taking model ately active exercise. This complaint is common to all for- eigners ; I think Humbolt puts the ba- rometrical pressure at about twenty- three inches. Tacubaya b a pleasant little village, dis- tant not quite four miles from this city, and s ,g«, Us splendid galleries, n,» S sive! ve , aIlxioU s desire for tie aeaoishion ofIb^rdWJr^^;^-^£ columns, magnificent arches and stupen-. money seems to pervade all classes.— i va]Jev - rf Mexjc0# The Chop's pa lace, in dousdomes, all united by a species of ce,, n enc e it is that they play deep, and j n-hich a room is fitting wp for the accommo- ment which time seems to have impro- tna t robberies are so common. Next to, dation of the congress, is a splendid building, ved, and which had for years \ derided I giving money to a Mexican, you can- j having attached to it one of the finest gar- the solstitial rains,\ lwas reminded of no t please him more than to speak fa-. dens in the country; from which I have al „,.,.. . r \ • . . . . I .. m. I l-o-irlir <rof l.nrfil tniKt n! t hi? TroniCriL I rilllS Id the description ofthe Abyssinian princes | voura ble of the precious mineral treas ures of his country. This distinguish ing advantage is one upon the posses pile, and surveying its numerous courts The ruling passion among the Mex- open communications and private D«*-|icaM undoubtedly is cupidity. An o paraee. I subscribe most implicitly to an o ... 0 . pinion I heard expressed before I came, sion of which they are incessantly lea here, i. e. that, with the mass of the peo-! citating themselves. In many respects pleAbertv in Mexico is as yet m.re a they have undoubtedly abundant cause national than an individual matter.— I for congratulation ; not to mention the The government is a military one; variety of their climate, soil and pro- practically. The poorer and vastly n constant demand for heavy supplies. The English have more to spare than we have, and manifest more readiness to accommodate them. We should not repine at the cause, however the effect may annoy us, so long as they will give our manufactured articles the prefer- ence. I recollect to have read in the Na- tional Intelligencer some weeks since an editorial article, wherein it is asser- ted that the six American nations will never consent to the occupation of Cuba by any of the great maritime powers of Europe. If Messrs. Gk & S. intend to include, in this declaration, Mexico, I apprehend they labour under a great mistake, so far as it purports to indicate the feelings ond policy of her dominant possesses neithes the tact of the latter nor the spirin of the former. I send you one of each for your amusement. Besides these three papers, each of which cost to subscribers from twenty- five to thirty dollars per annum, always payable in advance, and one issued from the publick offices containing more numerous classes are despised, degraded and oppressed, generally cow- ardly and oftentimes thievish, illustra- ting the truth ol the remark, that \ op- pression never fails to corrupt the mor- als.\ They are of every variety of cast, but exhibiting rarely any of that divinity of features which mental disci- pline and perfect freedom of opinion and of action produce. If it be that the people are happiest and most free under that government where the ma- chinery of power operates invisibly, and where the wand of authority is sel- the vourable of the precious mineral treas-! ready gathered most of the tropical fruits in **• * * • 'perfection. Those fruits which flourish with us, ex. gr. apples, pears, peaches, ap- ricots. Sec. are infinitely finer than they have them here. The same remark applies in favour of our vegetables. They only excel us in variety, and in having them, with little trouble, at all seasons. Tacubaya is chiefly remarkable for its mills; they grind there more than half the wheat raised in the whole country. The oldest mills in Mexico arc situated there, known by the name of the king's mills.— They were erected in the sixteenth century. You arc too well acquaioted with the ear- ly history of this city, and the many affect- ing incidents associated with the recollec- tion of it, to need from me at this time a narrative of them. There are, however, many things in modern Mexico, o\f which scarce any one but an eye witness can have an adequate conception; of some of them I may on some othar occasion attempt to give you a faint description. I am satisfied it must be as populous us the city cf New-York, h covering: little more Jian ductions. Although it is conceded they can never become a great naval power yet the same cause ('the want of sea ports and of large navigable riversj which denies to them such preeminence, will always prove to them a strong pillar of defence. Indeed, if they con- tinue united at home, any attempt at in- vasion must ever prove abortive. The descent from the interiour ('where the wealth and strength ofthe country We) to the caosts, is so short and rapid, that combined with the fevers, the rocks, shallows of the seaboard, and the ocean currents, they must always be secure from any attack by water ; wh/.st to thou£ space. half its dom seen and least felt,then have ..... , . citizens of this Republick not yet am- the north they present a barrier of war- ved at that desirable point in the march I like Indian tribes, and when that bar- of civil liberty. We hear of arrests at -^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-—|th* dead of night without warrant ; we merely a record of the proceedings of j see impressments daily to fill the ranks Congress, the laws, general orders, &c.,| 0 f the army & navy ; we are told of ban- the Portales and other publick places, • i s h me nts without previous trial, and we pointed army know that onerous duties are capricious- perhaps a want of £***£* £M£ ly imposed by the mere fiat of a minis- j vail the -emus of RepuUlica.^m, must ter, without legislative sanction. Nor is this all. I have myself listened to rier shall be removed, they have a kind, just and generous^neighbour. From present appearances, they have most to dread from a numerous ill-ap- Want af employment constantly swarm with retailers of an- onymous printed sheets, the tendency of which is invariably either of a sedi- tious or of a scandalous character. It ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ is astonishing to see how many persons| grave sena tors maintaining in debate both male and female, apparently makej t | iat t i, e military is paramount to theci- at everv TO THE PUBLICK. The repeated instances of imposition winch the Editor of the .\KU:L has suffered m be- in^ oblHred to pay postage on letters contain- £e orders for the. Aniri,, compels bi<n to state, that in future no letters will be *c- knowledged which arc not post paid. In several instances, where a dollar note is re- mitted, the postage araouut ing to twenty five, thirty-'seven, and eveu to forty two cents, was unpaid. No orders will be attended to *So styled by some Kritish writers. vil authority. In each «ty, eventually invite to and compel its re \i without this necpsarv rc-'iisition being corn- When that day arrives, I a P-| p i ic 'a witb. The very low price at which E. cp t- d S that as the military mates this par ,. r is issued. ry day more unfit for civil life necessary, in order sion tnav take place whi«,hwill ately profitabk idora such a coursi; duction' - . ir ~ prebend, that as the military .mates tuis pa?t . r » issue,., re Mr _ mofcr them eve— A n,p ,,nfit lor CIV ' 1 !*»•««»••*»• m oricr to cnallc ll * C1> a convuls

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