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The Gilboa monitor. (Gilboa, N.Y.) 1878-1918, January 28, 1915, Image 2

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KV > Amazons Are Carefully Drilled and Trained in Use of the Rifle. TO H E L P R E G U L A R M ILITARY In Case of German Invasion the Re­ serve Will Direct Flight of Women and Children From Scene of Fighting and if Necessary Shoulder Rifles. By PHILLIP EVERETT. (Intrrnational Ni-vs Service) London.—We read in dispatches that at least fifty German women, lighting in the trenches i.i men's cloth­ ing, have been tak’en captive by the Russians near Warsaw. If the Ger­ mans ever invade Great Britain and the situation Becomes desperate they will be faced by an army of English Amazons, carefully drilled and trained to the use of the rifle com­ pared to which thcs • Teutonic women warriors are a mere bagatelle. When I first heard of the Women’s Volunteer reserve, I thought it was a joke or rather a new' ebullition of the after a visit to and a view of suffragette class, but Old Bedford college the determined women perrpinng through their military drills, l must confess that my feelings have changed. “It is not to be concluded that the women will rush to the coast and fight the moment the Germans make a .landing. They wall take up the rifle only when Great Britain is in desper­ ate Straits. T ill such an unhappy time the reserve will simply act as a disciplined body ol women, skilled in first aid, cooking, d isp a tch rid in g on motorcycles, signaling and the care of horses. “At the same time the rifle is not being neglected,” said Viscountess Castlereagh, the colonel in chief Of t i e women’s emergency corps. “All the women are spending time in the private rifle ranges and there are some astonishingly good shots among them. There is no reason in the world why a woman cannot be as good a marks­ man as a man.” It was also pointed out to .me by 6ne of the officers of the women’s reserve that w o m e n b e a r c e r tain form s of hardship better than men.* It is a well known physiological fact that women are less suspectible to cold and wet than the .stronger sex. Their bodies are better protected by fatty tissue. This is seen on the bathing beach where women are abl$ to enjoy them ­ selves on chilly days when, most of the men seek the clubhouse. -The same condition should be true in wet, damp trenches. It isa also accepted that a woman, once her nervousness is over, and her. determination is in­ spired. can stand more physical pain than man “In fact.’ said my woman informer, “the only way the women would be inferior to man soldiers would be in the long marches.” At Old Bedford college, which is the headquarters of the Women’s emer­ gency corps, 1 found Col. Viscountess Castlereagh and Hon. Eveline Haver- field, honorary colonel, hard at work with their recruits. Mrs. Haverfield 13 remembered for her carefully or­ ganised remount camp, which she built up at the time of .the. Boer war. Go Through infantry Drill. Nearly a hundred women were go­ ing through the regular army infan­ try drill. They were not women of leisure either. Most of them had put through a day’s toil already in an of­ fice or along some professional line. Several regular army officers in uni­ form were present to assist in the work. The war officers at first took a contemptuous attitude towards this movement but they have come to see the value of it just as the usefulness of the Boy Scouts is now generally recognized. I had an interview with Capt. Adair- Roberts, the woman drill officer. “We are following the regular army rules throughout,” she said. “No com­ missions are granted except for merit. When women are adjudged competent to teach the drill the .regular army officers drop out in their favor. “The reserve is strictly nonpartisan and nonsectarian. No women of wealth are permitted to buy commis­ sions, although there have been many attempts of this sort. “I can show you a titled woman and one of her servants drilling here side by side. This is not an isolated in­ stance either, there are several such.” At first the fear was expressed that if woman were taught the use of a rifle, the Germans would charge “snip­ ing” and ferocious reprisals would be the result, but now it is realized that the organizing of the women will pre­ vent, instead of encourage, foolish in­ dividual action, such as is certain to take place in moments of great dan­ ger among an unorganized populace. The helpless rabble of Belgium, wom- . en and children refugees fleeing they knew not whither, will not be repeat­ ed in Great Britain. No woman is permitted to enter the reserve without a carefui physical ex­ amination. Woman doctors from the city hospitals see'to this in their hour off. The women of the reserve must be over eighteen and under forty years of age. Special attention has been paid to signaling practice, as this is an im­ portant branch of warfare in which It is unanimously agreed that the female sex may be of service. There are many professional woman telegraph­ ers in the reserve. - Instruction is given in Morse and semaphore signal­ ing by flags and also by sound. Other branches of instruction in­ clude open air cooking, dispatch rid­ ing, carpentering, fencing and Swed­ ish drills. The’ movement is spreading all over the islands, rapidly overcoming the indifference which it generally met at first. A vivid description of the condition cu women in the war dis­ tricts of Belgium and France and an explanation of how their sufferings might have been mitigated by proper preparation and organization is usual­ ly sufficient to convert every “doubt­ ing Thomas.” Suffragettes in It. Branches are especially active in centers where there is a large popula­ tion of working girls. Of course, there i3 a large portion of the militant suffragetttis. The latter have trans­ ferred their energy in this direction. The suffragettes believe they can, by their conduct in ease of an invasion of Britain, present an unanswerable argument for the ballot. The sight, of women drilling may be seen at many big halls in London. Two favorites are Knightsbridge ball and the armory of the London Scot­ tish at Buckingham Gate. The majority of the women are clothed in khaki. Their suits consist oi skirt, coat, brown shoes, spats, put­ tees and hats. The cost of this uni­ form is $12.50. Most of the women buy their own suits. The reserve is so far entirely self-supporting. The government has not as yet given permission to the women to carry rifles. The womex do not antici­ pate trouble in this direction, how­ ever. They say they hope the neces­ sity for their shouldering the musket will never / come, but if it does they will be allowed to take their places on the firing line just as wives and sweethearts of British colonists in many quarters of the earth have stood behind the stockade and fired w ith th e ir m en folk against th e at­ tacks of savages. As a result of this movement a Ger­ man invasion will find ready at hand an organization of women who will keep their heads and who will have good health and calm nerves. These women will have learned the value of organization, self-dependence, com­ radeship and self-control. They will co-operate with the military and civil authorities. They will direct the flight of women and children from the scene of fighting and so take ihis bur­ den off .the government. It is hoped that after the war the Women’s Volunteer reserve will be­ come a great recreation club. With this end in view a wealthy woman has offered a large tract of land for a per­ manent camp and it is believed other gifts of this character will be made. “I wish I was alongside him in the trenches,” said the wife of a British soldier recently. This sentiment is re-echoed in thousands of women’s hearts and this feeling is undoubtedly the prime motive in building up the reserve. Pe™!e WJb’lfever S t f e l l G o ! PU B L IC H E A L T H pared Each Week Fct tke Readers of This Newspaper by the York State Department of Health; . fT * OLDS are caused K- gen us,1’ and they spread from one pern? another, very mum; us other communicable diseases do s people never seem t > enfch cold, however. While every urn is sneezing, they go on their way rejoicing. Natural vitality has ; to do with this* of course, hut I’KRSONAL HYGIENE has a go->d to do with it too. Few people realize the great burden that colds put upon the m unity. There is a h-aiw FINANCIAL BURDEN in money !<•«- absence from work or work only half done, in medicines and do< bills. There is a heavy PHYSICAL BURDEN, for colds h> w- resistance of the body and may prepare the way/for tuberculosk,. ; monia and other serious diseases. The chief thing which enables some people to resist colds HEALTHY CIRCULATION. If the blood vessels of the skin ;. the nose and throat do their work well the germs of cold will no a foothold. This is why people who live in the open air seldmr colds, while those who live in OVERHEATED HOUSES or vum; oral suits of underwear constantly catch them. A hot room w - the reactions of the general circulation and causes the membra1 the nose to become congested, so that they furnish a fine hr ground for bacteria. On the other hand, cool moving air stimul.ii tones up the circulation. So the first rule for avoiding colds is to h THE HOUSE COOL. Cold water, like fresh air, plays an impbrtant part in SKIN T, ING. A COLD BATH! every morning, or at least a cold spong.. over, followed by brisk rubbing with a rough towel, is a fine tone ■= .good preventive of colds. On the other hand, it is just as important to protect the bods UNDUE cold, particularly chills of'1pecial s parjs of the boils stimulus of cold air or cold water for a few minutes is follow-.! warm glow, but prolonged chilling lowers the vital resistance ano ^indirectly, not only colds, but many other affections. Sufficient, t mot too heavy, underclothing is an essential to keeping healthy u ter, and wool is by far the best material, since it is porous and the evaporation of moisture from the skin, while keeping in it- a warm cushion of air around the body. Physical exercise is another thing that keeps the circulation ar whole body healthy and enables it to ward off colds. Our bod in­ built to do physical work and are only at their best with a little vie exercise each day. Moderation in eating and drinking are importa: tors in sound health. Colds in the head very often follow a lowm vitality due to the evil effects of constipation or of overeating. Treatment bv a physician will often shorten the period of a co” lessen the dangers of complications. Many serious diseases begin ; cold in the head, and it is important to recognize them early. It should be remembered that a little cold in a big person iff-av duce a big cold in a little person. Patients should keep aw.n babies and take every precaution to avoid infecting others by tu. charges from the mouth. _____________ P n r 3 OBSERVATION D U T Y HiS CHRISTM A S BANQUET A French observation officer on duty along the firing line. RAT W E N T THROUGH T H E WAR Unusual Pet W a s irv Soldier’s Pocket During Hct Fights in Flanders. A French sentry on duty enjoying a toothsome morsel on Christmas eve. G IR L COSSACK IS W O U N D E D W ealthy R u ssian’s Daughter, Aged T w e n ty, Given Cross of St. George for Gallantry. Playing Safe. “What will you charge,” said a young man to a jeweler, “to engrave on the inside of this ring ‘From George to Alice’? It’s an engagement ring, but I have to economize, you know,” “Well, sir,” answered the jeweler, “I would advise that you merely have the words ‘From* George’ and then i t will do to use again.” Petrograd.—Among the wounded Russian soldiers brought into the Red Gross hospital in Moscow thi 3 week is a strongly built girl, twenty years old, named Mary Izaakoff. She is the daughter of a prosperous Russian and before the war was known as an expert fencer and horsewoman. When war began she offered her serv­ ices and was accepted, with her own horse, as a volunteer in a Cossack regiment. At the front she distinguished her­ self on scouting duty, and later took part in a hotly contested charge again.-t Prussian dragoons In this charge she was wounded by shrapnel. She received the Cross ot St George for gallantry in action. Her wound net serious FOR FLETC H E R ’S FOR FLETC H E R 'S 4tA London.—Perhaps the only rat on record that ever went through a mili­ tary campaign, ensconced snugly in it3 soldier owner’s pocket, at the bat­ tle of Mons, the Marne and the Aisne, is now in London in the possession of Sergeant Johnson of the Royal Field artillery. Johnson was wounded at Soissons and is on a few days’ leave. “Billy,” as Johnson calls his rat, though the latter is a lady, is pure white, and was given to the English soldier by a French girl at the begin­ ning of the war. During the battle of Mons, the rat sat on her master’s right boot. Twice she wandered away, but came back all right and was in the fighting all the way from Mons to Melun, southeast of Paris, and back to the Marne and the Aisne. Billy was in Sergeant Johnson’s pocket all the time and was never hurt. When the soldier landed at Southampton, after he had been wounded by shrap­ nel, a lady who saw the white rat, presented to Johnson a black terrier pup named Toby to keep Billy com­ pany. The rat and the pup are now close friends. Pot Roast. Here is my pot roast: Into a basin put a layer of sliced onions,' one of sliced potatoes and a layer of chopped t or sliced- cold mutton or lamb (end of your last roast). Continue until full. Now add salt and a red pepper. Now cover top witbrpotatoes cut in halves, which will itfcift a pretty brown. Some? times I use a jpork roast end the same way, only add it little sage to flavor. a . jfitaaeow. t Cracow takjpt / i t s name -from a legendary Slairi^i, chieftain, Krakus, said to be the founder of the city. It 'attained importance in the Middle Ages as the .seat, of a bishopric and a center of commerce and trade. Even in those days there was. a considerable influx of German emigrants, who grad­ ually identified „ themselves with th8 destiny of the Piles. j.. ■' N e w York City and Maine. New York city has a population greater than that of the “whole state of Maine.” New York city has as great a„ population as the following states combined: Maine, New Hamp­ shire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Dela­ ware, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Ore­ gon, North Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. , So Low You Can Only Feel It. An organ recently Installed in Low­ ell, Mass., can produce a tone an oc­ tave lower than has ever been known before. It is described as a mighty atmospheric tbrob of awesome majes­ ty, and scientists declare that it must be rather felt than heard. Let th e P r e s e n t Be Sufficient. Wouldst thou fashion for thyself a seemly life? Then do not fret over what is past and gone; and, spite of all thou mayeBt have left behind, live each day as if thy life were just begun.— Goethe. Misery. Next to the boy who has money coming to him which he cannot col­ lect, the most miserable person is the colored man with a gold tooth and no chance to display it.—Topeka Capital. A Pastry Tip. To prevent the fruit juice running over in the oven when making pies, sprinkle a little carbonate of soda over the fruit before the top crust is put on. This prevents the juice from running over and also lessens the acidity of tbe fruit, so that it .will not require so much spgar to sweeten it. Dresden Chocolate Crumbs. Mix one cupful stale bread crumbs with one-half cupful chocolate, two tablespoonfuls sugar and one-fourth teaspoonful salt. Put in dish, bake in moderate oven until chocolate is melt­ ed and tbe crumbs thoroughly heated. Serve with whipped cream. When Bottling Pickles. An excellent way to make pickling bottles airtight is to boil the ccji'ks for bottling and put them into), the 'kettles while hot. When cold they will' 'seal themselves tightly. .... . . Daily Thought. It is only the young that can receive much reward from men’s praise; the old, when they are great, get too far beyond and • above you to care what you think of-them J—Ruski. B a ttle o f t h e N ervii. According to investigations made by Napoleon III of France the battle of Nervii took place between the villages of La Buissiere and Louvroil on the River Sambre. Does Work of Many Men. At the Church of the Sacred Heart, in Paris a 20-ton bell is tolled by electricity. A choir boy does the work' which formerly required the services of five men. BEST OF SANDWICHES! SOME NSW IDEAS EVOLVED BY CLEVER COOKS. Im p rovem ents In th e Popular Tit-Bit. Known fl-s th^ “Club” Have Been . Made-—O y sters Used in Place df Chicken. Tea roon-.a in the big city shopping districts are serving some new vari­ eties of the always popular club sand­ wich. While the principal ingredi­ ents remain the srrue each style of club sandwich differs from its fellows in some detail which makes it dis­ tinctive What is known as a French club sandwich is served with a toasted English muffin substituted for the usual slices of toasted bread. It is set down before one garnished with a few’ sprays of parsley pressed deep into the yielding surface of the half muffin which tops the substantial fill­ ing of chicken, bacon, mayonnaise, let­ tuce and sliced tomato. Watercress is used iu similar fashion, the sprhy of green in either case being embedded in the toasted muffin so firmly that it seems to be a little flower holder. Two halves of crumpet are used for a similar sandwich and filled with the same combination, making a sand­ wich still more hearty. Where toasted bread is used vari­ ety is given to the club sandwich by reason of some other meat or fish be­ ing substituted for the usual founda­ tion layer of breast of chicken Thin­ ly sliced duck is delicious with the bacon and other ingredients, and tur­ key is also another good substitute. Strips of rare beef, either cold or freshly cut from a hot roast and moistened with horseradish may also be used, and strips of rare steak are equally appropriate. An oyster club sandwich has for its distinctive feature two or three large fried oysters. These are laid on the under slice of toast, sprinkled with lemon juice and then topped with two strips of bacon, two lettuce leaves, a spoonful of mayonnaise and then the second slice of toast. For th o s e who do n o t care for fried oysters th8 oyster club sandwich comes in still a different form, the oysters being peached in their own liquor until the gills curl, when they are drained of moisture and used for the foundation of .he sandwich. If preferred oyster club/sandwiches may be served with Russian dressing in­ stead of mayonnaise, as the addition of the tomato flavor in the chili sauce id particularly agreeable with oysters, either fried or poached. S a r d i n e club sandwich is made of large boned sardines sprinkled with lemon juice and arranged as usual and finely cut lobster, either hot or cold, offers still another variety. ■The egg club sandwich is usually served with a basis of an egg fried on both sides, and seasoned well with ,salt, pepper and paprika before the Other materials for the sandwich are added. Hard-boiled eggs, sliced or chopped, result in a sandwich less rich. In both cases the eggs should be served hot. I n S t o r e F o r Y o u . i Bear in mind that this store is well supplied with reliable, serviceable lines of winter goods , for all members of your family and for house­ hold uses. You may be in need of some of these goods. F L E E C E D A N D W O O L E N H O S IE R Y , F L E E C E D A N D W OOL­ E N U N D E R W E A R , F L A N N E L SH IR T S , R A T H RO B E S , LE G - G IN S , SW E A T E R S , M U F F L E R S , K N IT G L O V E S , L E A T H E R G L O VES, F E L T SH O E S , S L IP P E R S , MOCCASINS, R U B B E R O V E R S H O E S , A R C T IC BOOTS, S I N G L E A N D D O U B L E SQ U A R E SH A W L S , B L A N K E T S , COM F O R T A B L E S ^ C R IB B L A N K E T S , F U R COATS, F E L T BOOTS, K N IT SOX, F I N E SH IR T S , CO L L A R S , SC A R F S . REMEMBER—We carry a heavy stock of best brands of Groceries and specialize on quality of all spices, teas, Coffee and similar goods. WE WOULD LIKE TO BID ON TOUR QUANTITY ORDERS /.• Golci Bond Certificates on all cash orders Samuel Harley, Grand Gorge w- B u y Y o u r F u r s N o w Do not delay getting t h a t ’F u r C o a t any longer. My stock of F u r and F u r L ined Coats is very com p lete in variety, styles and sizes. The careful buying together w ith th i r t y years experience in the f u r business assures to each custom e r e x c e llent value in every garm e n t. M y usual M id W in ter D iscount w ill now be given cash buyers. B e a u tiful F u r C o ats for wom en a t one-third off regular price. They rran g in price from $9 75 to $85. O n ly s m a ll sizes iu the $9 75 F u r Coat. A ll kinds of blankets, robes and S team e r rugs. A n im m e n se line o F u r a n d F u r L ined Coats for m e n a t cu t prices for cash. Seeing is believing. Big stock of C u tters, Bobs and S p ring Sleighs A R T H U R M B U T T S 2 4 0 - 2 4 6 M a i n S t r e e t , O n e o n t a . ? Econom y H elps. In most households greater economy of time and e i ^ g y can be practiced by ,cooking larger amounts of food-at one time, and thfs means a saving in the fuel bills as well. Enough mayonnaise dressing for all the salads you will make i* a week can be made on one day. It is just as easy to cook a k e ttlefu l of potatoes that will last two days as it Is to pre­ pare only enough for the midday meal. <‘ There is hardly a vegetable one can think of that cannot be cooked in large quantities to advantage and that will not lend itself readily to warming over in a variety of ways. And on those days when the oven is being used for baked dishes In which the vegetables play an important part, double portions of puddings should be baked. W hat is not required that day can be served a few days later, steamed over the vegetable pot, and it will be just as appetizing, if not more so, as if freshly made. Fruit Cream. Cook the juice of three lemons and three oranges with two cupfuls of sugar, set aside to cool. Soften two tablespoonfuls of gelatin with milk, then heat over hot water until dis­ solved. Whip two cupfuls of cream, add the fruit juice and gelatin, stir until well blended, then pile high in a deep dish or mold if preferred. Steam ed Dried Beef. Here isi .an unusual recipe, but a very good one. Prepare a spiced vinegar as for fruit pickles, only less highly sea­ soned. Cut .very, ver^ thin slices of dried beef in1 narrow strips, diamond or any fancy shape, and cut with scis­ sors. Steam the beef in the vinegar for one hour. Serve hot with toasted wafers. Thinking Charity. If we could realize that, supposing we were all created alike and subject to the. same circumstances, we should all make' the same mistakes and blunders,? our Judgment of others Would be’.different. There is no phase of charity So ueautiful as thinking charity.^ If you give a’l you have to Gierpoor;' o r show you? charity m any wothftifsWfk&. iffay&flith n o thing so long \as'-TQiiL tk^ ^ ^ fcklqdiy and unjustly. Cja&j tj ’iHriBMrfrbWjby'^word/or defed. ' ‘ * ; Stuffed Celery. Wash tender celery hearts and put them into cold water to become crisp. Mash fresh cream cheese, then add chopped nuts and chopped olives to taste. Stuff the celery just before serving and serve with toasted crack­ ers. For Removing' Machine Grease, To remove machine grease from delicate fabrics use cold water, am­ monia a&td soap. This will not cause the color to run. We beg to call the attention of our many friends to our New Home. Having acquired the Zelie property in Gilhoa, which gives us greater facilities for serving|the public, we are now prepared) [to offer a large and varied assortment of the handsomest goods in our line. t v Courteous Attention - -Prices] [Right _E. W . B R O W N , F u r n i t u r e a n d U n d e r t a k i n g FORD the UNIVERSAL CAR Buyers to Share in Profits Lower Prices on Ford Cars E ffective from A u g u s t 1, 1914,> A u g u s t 1,11915 an d guaranteedH again s any reduction agaijist*that tim e . Touring Car, $490 Runabout, $440 I. o . G IU B O A , N . Y . For Infants an# Children. KindYinHanAlwajsBought . Bears tb CSgnrtw i We can sell you a dollar bottle of SEAVER S SYRUP OF TAR AND WILD CHERR\ COUGH CURE for - 50 cents and if it is not tlie best you ever used, bring the empty bottle back to us and get your money back* We will give it,to you cheerfully and without argument* * i f I t : , r ■ wjl 'i *1 .IT L A. WYCKOFF, GILBOA, N. Y. -M, *v

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