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Plattsburgh press-Republican. (Plattsburgh, N.Y.) 1942-1966, August 19, 1952, Image 1

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OSES jMKlt> -iMKWC . v>'»!»# i f )U«fcV' Nmafy Day Today T^day Is Primary Day. If you are iuttpBed In .»ny party, you art en- Ut^d t« vote. Don't fail to do so. {*|f§ttfsjiu)*gli Press-Republican Serving the Communities of Clinton and Essex Counties Weather Forecast EASTERN NEW YORK: — Fair Tuesday and Wednesday. Highest 75-80 degrees. Temperatures—August 18, 1952 Max., 76; Min., 53. VOL LIX. »•\\ • , L—, — No. 9. Pittsburgh, N. Y., Tuesday, August 19, 1952 PRICE FIVE CENTS Chinese and Russians Open Tod-level Talks MOSCOW, <#\>—China and the/So* •'t union opened top-level talks •re yesterday on a number ofispa- ific issues concerning their, econ- omic, political and military rela- tons. There appears to be great empha- ss on the all-Asian aspects of this consultation among the leaders of the two big Communist nations. It seetned likely that both nations wanted to talk aver the whole gen- eral situation In the Far East, with special emphasis on Japan. High on the list of subjects under discussion obviously will be the re- turn to China of the Chinese Chang- chun Railway and the bases at pair- en and Port Arthur. The Soviet IJnton has promised to return these ropertles to China either upon the conclusion of a Japanese treaty or not later/in any event, than the end Of 1MB. Chou En-L»i, premier and foreign piinister of the Chinese People's Re- jjubli*, heads the delegation sent there'by Chines* Leader llao Tze *ung for these important talks. Pro- visions for such talks were made in 'the 30-year treaty signed by the.two countries Feb. 14, 1950. The makeup of the Chinese dele- gation gives a good indication of what will be discussed. Besides Pre- mier Chou and other foreign af- fairs experts, the delegation includes the chairman of China's financial- economic committee, the deputy chief of staff of the Chinese air forces, the deputy commander of China's navy, the ministers of heavy industry and fuel, and deputy min- isters of the machine Industry and communications. Under the terms of the 1950 trea- ty, the Chinese eastern and south- ern Manchuriar railways,, now known Jointly as the Chinese Chang- chun Railway, are to be handed over to full Chinese ownership, and con- trol by the end of this year. Port Arthur is to be returned at the same time, but can be used jointly by the USSR ahd.China as a naval base in the event of war. The railway is a lifeline for Man- churia, connecting China with the USSR. Port Arthur is a naval base on the south tip of Manchuria, on the Yellow Sea. Dalren, which also comes up for discussion, Is another harbor city •about 30 miles east of Port Arthur. The emphasis on the all-Asia angle of the talks Is indicated by the re- port of one of the Asian diplomats here that he was specifically invit- ed to the airport to greet the ar- rival of the Chinese. Since other Asian diplomats—from Burma, India, Afghanistan and else- ly they too were Invited. The Chin ese have relations with Sweden, f countries, but none of these diplo- matic representatives was invited. NAVAL ACADEMY HONORS YOUNG KING OF MO ANNAPOLIS, </P> — Toung King Felsal of Iran mixed r.itb, midship- men at the Naval .'.cademy yester- day. ; . The 17-year--oId monarch, who ak£5. his country's throne next May, received- all ike honors due a ruler— 21-gun saluftjfour ruffles and flour- ishes and 4, rendition of the Iraq national anthem by the academy band. A color guard of Marines in full dress stood at attention as the short King strolled down the line to inspect thetn. The King joined a table of mid- shipmen for the noon meal. NINE GOODRICH PLANTS IDLED BY CIO STRIKES AKRON, O., (ffi-JB. F. Goodrich Company plant* in >tne cities were hit by a strike * C Q United Rub ber Workers yeeten ay while nego tiations for a new co Jtract went into *he Uthweek, Picketing wa» quift. At the larg- er plants li» ; »**rtedl with hundreds -I works** iuin\ thee, dwindled to a relative handful, j « Goodrich, fourth-, largest rubber company In the < nation, has 30 plants, but the others involve chem- icals and aircraft, whose workers are represented by other unions. The Glpodrjkih strike came as the ajor tire concerns found them- selves wjth ample inventories. Trade statistics compiled at the end of June showed manufacturers' inven- tories included more than 10 million passenger tire* and more than three million truck tires,. Fbr.siJ-'isenger tires, this was about four times the supply of a year ear- ner. For truok tires, it represented ree times ttie stock of June, 1951, nd the highest point in post-war ears. Fringe issues of the proposed con- ract touched off the walkout, which ad been authorized July 15. Tho other members of the indus- try's \olg four'?—Goodyear and U. S. utooer—followed by General Tire and Seiberlrng, recently granted •ivage increases of 10 cents an hour. The union made the same demand zt Goodrich, where a union spokes- man said the average hourly rate is .'about 1.80. CARPET CO. AND UNION END 11 WEEKS STRIKE AMSTERDAM, (fft— CIO Textile Workers at the Mohawk Carpet Company plant here accepted a new wage offer yesterday and voted to end their 11-week strike. I Company \and' union spokesmen said the new contract provided for wage increases ranging from 9 to 16 cents an hour, elimination of the differential between wages at the plant and one in Hudson Falls, where the scale previously was lower, a $1 a day increase in hospitaliza- tion benefits for workers and their families. About 3,600 workers at the Am- sterdam plant struck June 2 along with 15,000 other carpet workers In the Northeast to support demands for a pay boost of 25 cents an hour,. Pre-strike wages averaged about $1.66 an hour. Most of the Mohawk workers were expected to return to their jobs before the end of the week. The Mohawk employes had re- jected two company offers before yesterday's vote. Strjking CIO employes at the Bigelow-Sanford Carpet Company will vote by machine ballot today and Wednesday on a new contract offer reported to be nearly identical ' to that accepted yesterday by Mo- hawk workers. Bigelow-Sanford said the proposal called for a pay increase of 9 cents an hour, and adjustments up to 15 cents an hour for lower-paid em- ployes, plus other benefits. Primary Vote is Not Expected to Be a Heavy One Major Fight Centers in New 37th Congressional Dis- trict; Hall vs. Cole ALBANY, (ff) — Candidates for nomination in today's New York State primary election pulgged at neighborhood campaigning last night, aided by television and radio, in an llth-hour drive for votes. A total of 39 congressional, state Senate and Assembly fights, both Republican and Democratic, will be decided. But vacationing voters and traditional apathy ruled out any heavy turnout at the polls. The big upstate fight is between two Republican Congressmen, Ed- win. Arthur Hall of Binghamton and W. Sterling Cole of Bath, for the GOP nod in the new 37th district of Broome, Tioga, Steuben and Che- mung counties. Most of their old districts were merged by the Legis- lature's 1951 reapportionment. ' Broome County Republicans also •£ave a red-hot State Senatorial wner\e^were\onTa7d7t\seemed like- lp« and two Assemblv contests In New York city, top interest is fin the rough fight by the GOP or- Denmark, Britain. Finland ana ttanizatlon in the 22nd state Sena- Switzerland, among other Western jtorial district in Manhattan to oust OPS Directive Orders Grocers to Post • • •:. . . .' , . • • o Ceiling Prices on Many Items by Oct 1 Soft-pedal Civil Rights Issue, Candidate Stevenson Warned MEN CAN PICK, CHOOSE IN LbS ANGELES AREA LOS ANGELES, UP) - At first glance, it looked like good news for the gals. Joseph W. Ehrenreich, research director for Prudential Insurance {Company, reported yesterday that there are 336,500 single men in -the Los Angeles area, but only 258,900 single women. But there's a joker. Competing for the eligible males are 360,400 wi- dows and divorcees. By comparison, there are only 122,800 men who have lost their wives through death.or divorce. BUFFALO, (/P)—Edward Sheridan, 13, was drowned in the Buffalo Riv- er yesterday when he and his bi- pycle tumbled from a bridge. SYRACUSE, {IP) — The General Electric Company laid off 500 tele- vision assemblers at Electronics Park yesterday after 66 employes walked off then* jobs. A company spokesman walkout \createf a shortai vision Incumbent William J. Banchi. The Republicans have sponsored Dr. Charles Muzzicate in an effort to unseat Bianchi because of the Sen- ator's close ties with the American Labor Party. Bianchi is unopposed for the ALP nomination. Nathaniel L. Goldstein, the state j attorney general, has moved to pre- vent fraud ,in the 17 New York City contests by. assigning 16 assistants to,special duty to watch for any shenanigans during the voting. No special assistants have been assign- ed to contests outside the city. Polls will be open from 2 P. M. to 9 P. M. (EST) in New York city and from 11 A. M. to 8 P. M. (EST) elsewhere. A few attempts will be made to win nomination through write-in- campaigns. Chief among these is the effort of Richard Neville, a dele- gate for Senator Taft at the GOP National Convention to beat out Frederic R. Coudert, GOP organiza- tion choice, in the 17th Congress- ional district of Manhattan. In Putnam County, Air Force Capt. Arthur H. Walsh of Putnam Valley is trying to block the nom- ination of Willis Stephens of Brew- ster for the county's Assembly seat. Stephens was handed the party chiefs' blessing by his father, vete- ran Assemblyman D. Mallory Step- hens, who decided not to run for another two-year term. •A \fairly good\ turnout of Repub- licans is expected by political ob- servers in the four-county contest between Hall and Cole. Hall and other Broome County hopefuls for Senate and Assembly seats sched- uled television or radio talks in their last-minute appeals for votes. Cole is given the edge in the Con- gressional battle. His campaign managers-expect him to carry Tioga, Steuben and Chemung counties by a majority of 6,000 votes, with Hall given a chance for a decision in Broome, his home county. In addition to the Bianchi fight in New York City, another state Senate race is stirring interest. In- cumbent Democrat Harold I. Pan- ken, Tammy Hall's choice, is being challenged by Julius Archibald- Archibald, a Negro, has the backing of Robert Blaikie, insurgent Demo- cratic leader who boasts of being able to pick winners to run against the Democratic organization. In all, there are eight contests for new congressional seats, all but two Involving Republicans; Ave Repub- lican and a single Democratic fight for state Senatorial nomination and 14 GOP and 11' Democratic battles over Assembly bids. (By The Associated Press) A leader of the 1948 Dixie \revolt\ sounded a warning to Gov. Adlai Stevenson yesterday to soft-pedal civil rights issues if he wants to win solid Southern support in his Dem- ocratic bid for the White House. Former Gov. Fielding Wright of Mississippi expressed open admira- tion for Stevenson's Republican rival, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, but said he had \reluctantly\ de- cided to endorse Stevenson for the presidency. However, Wright urged the Mis- sissippi state Democratic convention to stand by for a switch if Steven- son campaigns for a proposed change in Senate filibuster rules that would virtually destroy the South's traditional weapon against civil rights legislation. Both Stevenson and Eisenhower have said they favor letting the states handle their own civil rights problems—without interference by TWO AMERICANS HELD BY SYRIANS ARE FREED BEIRUT, Lebanon, i/P) — Two Americans have been released by Syrian authorities after being held for 24 hours on charges of making tape recordings without permission of the, virtually extinct Aramaic language, it was learned here yes- terday. The two men, arrested on Friday in the village of Maloula just north of Damascus, were Dr. Bradford Hudson, associate professor of psy- chology at Rice Institute, Houston, Tex., and Hall Winslow, a recent instructor in English at American University in Beirut now employed by the university's alumni associa- tion. Maloula is one of the last places where Western Aramaic — a lan- guage dating back 800 years before Christ and once the commercial tongue of Asia—is still spoken. The two were making recordings for use by scholars interested in knowing how the language is pro- nounced. Copies were to be made of the recordings in Beirut and made available to Semitic scholars in both the West and Middle East. Mauloula Aramaic dialect is the same as that spoken by Jesus Christ and the people of the village are said to be the last ones to speak the language in which the Sermon on the Mount was preached. the federal government unless the states fail to act. Wright, who ran as vice presi- dential candidate on the States' Rights ticket in 1948, said Eisen- hower's views largely coincide with his own, but he declared: \I frankly do not think he Eisen- hower will maintain this attitude through the campaign, and why should he, since the South has notified him in advance that he could not expect its electoral vote?\ Nevertheless, Eisenhower was busy mapping a whirlwind foray in- to the traditionally Democratic South at the outset of his campaign, tentatively scheduled to begin Sept. 2, the day after Labor Day. The general's Dixie tour—unpre- cedented for a GOP presidential nominee—is expected to touch a dozen major cities including Rich- mond, Atlanta, Birmingham, Mi- ami, Jacksonville, New Orleans, Dal- las, Ft. Worth, Houston and Mem- phis. Yesterday, Eisenhower conferred for two hours with 64 farm leaders from 13 Western states and planned to confer today with 20 GOP women leaders from various parts of the country at his Denver headquart- ers. Sen. James Duff of Pennsylvania, an Eisenhower stalwart, told news- men in Denver that Gov. Steven- son's comments on \the mess in Washington\ echoed what the Re- publicans have been saying about corruption in the Truman adminis- tration. Duff alluded to a letter Stevenson wrote to The Portland Oregon Jour- nal in which the governor declared: \As to whether I can clean up the mess in Washington, I would be- speak the careful scrutiny of what has been accomplished in three years.\ Duff told newsmen: \Since he admits corruption in government, it ought not to be too difficult for us the Republicans to prove it.\ The Pennsylvania senator went on to say it would be impossible for Stevenson to clean up \the mess\ because \the people who are associ- ^atwT'with him are the people who created it.\ At Stevenson's headquarters in Springfield, 111., the word went out that the Democratic high command will aim its heaviest guns at the GOP argument that it is \time for a change\ in administrations. Daring Explorers, Trapped in Abyss 1,656 Feet in Earth, Finally Saved LICQ-ATHERY, France, (fP)— The last of four daring explorers impris- oned in the black depths of Pierre St. Martin cave was hauled to safe- ty yesterday, leaving the broken tody of a companion buried under a mound of rocks. A none-too-reliable electric winch and steel cable brought up Dr. An- dre Malrey, 38, who had conquered his fears to descend 1,153 feet into the abyss in a.vain attempt to save the life of Marcel Loubens, 33-year- old Paris industrialist and under- earth explorer. Loubens died last Thursday after falling 120 feet when he was being pulled to the surface. Either the cable snapped or a defect developed in the winch, plunging him to the feet of his adventurous companions. A bronze cross and photographs of Loubens' wife and two-year-old son were lowered into the cave here in the Pyrennes Mountains yesterday morning. Dr. Malrey placed them on the youthful explorer's grave before Italy, W)-A strong this South Ital- causing wide- ere no reports saying his last farewell and signal! ing to be taken out. The cave exploring expedition, organized by Belgian physicist Max Cosyns, began operations 10 days ago. Its members who first descend- ed into the abyss were, besides Lou- bens, Jacques Labeyrie, son of a former governor of the Bank of France, Haround Tazieff, a photo- grapher, and Bernard Occhialini, an Italian-born Briton. Last year Loubens and Tazieff, in their first explorations of the Pierre St. Martin area, found this under- ground cave and went down to the 1,153-foot level, then the deepest man ever penetrated into the earth's crust. On this expedition, the par- ty discovered a cave leading to even greater depths. They followed it down to a record 1,656 feet. It was reported here that there would be no further explorations in the cave for at least two or three years. The men who emerged into daylight after anxious days and nignts in the cold, dank bottle-shap- ed abyss were grim and silent. The hair of Labeyrie had tuaa*,'' white. Armistice Talks Rescheduled for Next Wednesday Allied Bombers Strike at Important Munitions Plant ot Communists Will Include About 40 Per cent of Items Sold in Provisions Markets MUNSAN, (Tuesday) W) — The Korean armistice talks went into their fourth straight week of recess at the suggestion of the United Na- tions today after a plenary meeting of one hour at Panmunjom. The next meeting of the full dele- gations of the Communist and Al- lied truce teams is scheduled for Aug. 27 at 11 A.M. The delegates have held fruitless sessions once each week for the past three weeks. There was no immediate an- nouncement of what was disclosed at today's 60-minute session. There was little hope for a break in the long deadlock over exchang- ing prisoners or war. The Allies, complaining that the Communists were using the talks for propaganda, demanded each of the last three re- cesses. The negotiations now are in their 14th month. They are deadlocked on only one major Issue—whether Al- lied-held prisoners shall be returned to Red rule against their will. The Communists demand the re- turn of at least 116,000 prisoners, including all 20,000 Chinese in Al- lied stockades. The Allies say only 83,000, including 6,400 Chinese, want „_,...,. , , ,. *, I, „, J „ J the Navy said, that the minesweeper to go back to North Korea and Red' , ACTION SEEN 'AIP' TO SHOPPER OPS Field Offices to Determine Wholesale Costs in Area Then Apply Specific Markup Prices—Posted Prices Ceilings WASHINGTON, (AP)—The government said yesterday that more than half the nation's 500,000 grocery stores will be required to post dollars-and-cents ceilings on a wide range of market basket items by Oct. 1. In a return to the uniform community pricing program of World War II, the Office of Price Stabilization said it hopes to: 1. Let housewives know at a glance the ceiling prices on many basic foods they buy, and 2. Relieve grocers of calculating individual ceilings on the items which must be posted. Navy Salvage Ship Hit by Shells from U. S. Minesweeper WASHINGTON, t/P)— Two shells from an American minesweeper struck the Navy's salvage ship, Grapple, in Korean waters last Fri- day nifjht, killing two of the crew and wounding nine others, three seriously. The Navy reported the accident last -night, stating that preliminary reports indicate \a failure in visual recognition led to- the unfortunate incident.\ ri was at 10:38 P.M. Korean time. China. During the latest recess, North Korean Premier Kim n Sung caus- ed considerable speculation when he declared in an address: \We hope to jet an armistice agreement where- in there is neither victor nor van- quished.\ The U. S. State Department com- mented that the statement offered nothing new. The deparment said the U. N. Command was standing .)at on the prisoner exchange issue and that if the Reds had any speci- fic proposals they should make them it Panmunjocn. 'RED ARMS PLANT BOMBED SEOUL, (Tuesday), l/P)— Fourteen \J. S. B29 Superforts, avoiding the path of a typhoon, attacked a big Communist munitions plant last night only three miles south of the Manchurian border, Air Force head- quarters announced today. It was the first raid of the Korean War on the munitions factory, lo- cated at Nakwon between Sinuiju and the Yalu River in extreme Northwest Ke-ea. Results of the raid were not an- nounced immediately. Far East Air Force Headquarters in Tokyo said Korean civilians were warned of the attack by leaflets dropped prior to the raid. Some 78 military objectives in North Korea have been marked for attack with civilians advised to evacuate the areas. One Communist night fighter at- tacked one of the Superforts. Red antiaircraft Are was described as intense. Nevertheless, the Air Force said all 14 B29s returned safely to their base. Bomber crews usea improved electronic aiming methods to drop 140 tons of bombs on the huge plant. In the target area were 17 primary buildings of steel and reinforced concrete and dozens of bunkers and ammunition stores catacombed in the nearby hills. The Air Force said the plant was believed producing approximately 1,000 anti-tank grenades and 3,000 to 5,000 hand grenades dai! Chief AM-315 sighted the Grapple ARS 7 off Hungnam, Korea, and opened Are with a three-inch gun at a range of half a mile. The Chief fired a total of two rounds, the Navy reported. The first f:hell struck a gun shield and went through the Grapple's stack The second hit the pilot house. The Grapple, a steel-hulled ship. is 214 feet long, has a beam of 41 :'eet and displaces 1,480 tons. The Chief is 221 feet long, 32 feet at thi beam and displaces 890 tons. A formal investigation will be con- ducted to fix the responsibility and r .o determine measures to prevent a possibly recurrence. The Navy said the dead are:— Richard Armstrong, quartermas- ter 3rd class, son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Cox of Columbia, Ohio. Robert Emmet Smith, radioman 2nd class, husband of Mrs. Doris M. Smith of San Diego, Calif., and son of Mrs. Anna Smith of St. Paul, Minn. No Pennsylvanians were listed among the injured. The only New Yorker was William J. Bewick, boatswain's mate 2nd class, husband of Mrs. Sophie Bewick of San Diego and son of Mr, and Mrs. William L. Bewick of Buffalo, N.Y. NEW DEPUTY SUP'T OF STATE PWD APPOINTED e*tjend- t75kiU *• X it of the >^ sold by ^^ 1 ALBANY, (/PJ-T-E. Burton Hughes yesterday was appointed deputy su- perintendent of the State Public Works Department to succeed Fed W. Finch. Flsch applied for retirement from the S15,840-a-year post last week because of ill health. Hughes, a native of Troy, has been director of the department's bureau of rights of way and claims since 1949. Price Stabilizer Ellis Arnall said the community pricing program has been on trial since January in the marketing areas surrounding Jack- sonville, Fla., Fargo, N. D., and Fresno, Calif., and has proved a success. Both consumer and trade groups have asked that itjbe con- tinued, OPS officials said. V Now the program will be extend- ed to 52 more areas, in which 1 lion people do their shopping. GPS said about 40 per cent ( approximately 5,000 items sold grocers will be eligible for selection for price posting. Not all of them will be posted, however. OPS dis- trict offices will prepare lists show- ing the ceilings on about 300 of the best-selling food items In a particu- lar community. Under the present system, Indi- vidual grocers have figured their own ceilings, using specified mark- ups on various types of food over their wholesale costs. Thus prices have varied from store to store In a, community. Under the new method, OPS field offices will determine wholesale costs n the area and then apply the spec- tied markups. This will provide the jnlforai ceilings which will be prin- ted on charts and delivered to the grocers for public posting. Generally, OPS said, retail prices vill not be affected\. OPS made clear ihat the posted, prices will be ceiling prices and not celling prices. Grocers still can sell it any price they choose so long u it does not exceed the ceiling - Among the food items on which ?xact ceilings will be posted are dairy products, cereals, coffee, co- :oa, cookies and crackers, flour and flour mixes, canned fish and meats, gelatins and puddings, lard and shortenings, mayonnaise and salad dressings, spices and seasoning, pet food, canned milk, syrups and many janned soups. The lists will not include fresh, irozen and canned fruits and veg*-^^^ tables, which no longer are subject\\^ \\\\ to price controls. These Items,' ntt% ing up an estioiated 21 per cent- 'of: a family's food costs, ware exempt- ;d oy Congress July 1. J ,> Meats account for the remaining 40 per cent of food items. Although,, dollars-and-cente ceilings ar,e to |e<* feet on beef, pork, veal' and other meats, the community priomg pro- gram will not immediately require, public posting of these ceilings. OPS <. said eventually it hopes f# have) •neai ceilings posted. Butchers now must label only thej elling price on meat displaced in; counters. They will con$rnagP to doj that and must not sell for more tbijn, \ the ceiling In their area. One ounce of gold can be beaten out so thin that it area of 146 square WATERVILliE, Minift (fff , straw-hatte/tf^Bng bafldit i JB>- sussL .ratss. ^IT Ktta » MtNRY KOSTM <SOSd DltKaa W HtMRV KOCTM Sf SWART GRANGCR, JANET N*w« IIIHI Cartoon #nm loov jjiti t, ciiiu .'iii •^m .•.:.F. <$.&)tm fe*fe5-^?#*r^ • mm .r^^ViWW'

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