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Knowersville enterprise. (Knowersville, N.Y.) 1884-1888, November 29, 1884, Image 1

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- - '-^ ;p^ggg[Bv,^^^ VOL. I. KNOWEESYILLE, HOVEMBEE 29, 1884. A FATHER'S THANKSGIVING. Why, \wife what is it pleases yottf What makes yon so take on? Tba surely must be crazy, or may be you've heard Tet that is kard'y likely, sa he's been five years away. Ana I can. scarcely hope you've heard from him to- day. We never have e'en heard from him, and yet the ^^ day may com« WTs?g we can. welcome home again our long ab- ^\' eenteu son; And, though there be no fattea calf, we'd try to make him feel That here so long as we've to share, he'd never want a meal. Poor boy! how-sad he looked that day when bid- ding you good-bye; And, though he spoke quite cheerful, a tear stood in each eye. 1 think he would have talked to me, bat I had turned to go, For I was angry with him, bat why I hardly know. You know that books were ever a great pleasure to ourboy; . . . iltalway - seemed that nothin' else could give him so much joy. Jest let him get hia hands on one, he'd go and hide away, And read along from morn till night, while other boys would play. And, wire,, you know that my old dad had never been ro school, And many times I've heard him say It made a ioy a fcol, This givin' him book larnin', for they only £orae to harm,- Nor wou.d they be content to stay and work upon thefcirm. And I, i guess must be like him; for when I saw oar John Sit porin' o'er his books all day, instead of helping on And dohs' work abont the. place, I thought the boy-no good. And so I did not use him well, as I, his father, should. But what was worst of all, one dav I took away a book \Which he had lately borrowed, and threw it in the brook; j And had you seen, as I did, the look fee gave me then. You would not wonder why I wish tc see my boy again. ' '\\-',- Our John, poor boy! he thought at last 'twas best for him to go ** j And find a home away from here, and then he told me so.; . • And 1 was very willing; for I thought, when once away, He'dhanker to get back again, aud then contented stay. But years have passed a-.vay since then, and we havenever neard AworUof good or 111 leportj and if my eyes are blus-red By tears at times, it is because I do not feel the same As once I did toward our boy, for now I take the blnme; • For had I been but kind to Mm wo still would have h m here —•To comfort and to cheer -us, now old age ia drawf injj near. ^ But now, p rhaps, it is too late,, and he may never pome . . • . -««•'- To gladden ns who long for him and wait for Wiu at home. Ah, well! I have been punished, and sometimes I'm - nearly-wild When thinking how I beatea\ him—our tty, our only child. I know it cannot last for long, for something tells me so,\ Kor would I mind it could I see our boy before P .And you, Tiis mother, havs grown old and gr»y be- *» .y.ond your years, And, though you try to hide them, yet often I sea the tears; ' An' nothin' sterns to please you now as once it used to do; * Oh, would that I had died myself ere trouble came 1 to you! s I saw our jparson bere to-day. I none his folks are well. He came to make a-call, you say? Wnat news had he to tell? , I know therj must be somethin', f oi- yon look more; thronged because of the coming holiday. \Come Josie!\ called Milly, from the door of their room, as she drew on her j neat gloves, Josie having-stepped across j the hall for a moment to ask their rheu- i matic neighbor, just opposite, whether they could do her any service while they were out shopping. \les dear,\ Josie answered. \Go on, Milly—I will\overtake you sfc the door.\ Milly went on, as .directed, very leis- urely, and\ buttoning hergloves as she descended the stairs. \\ \ * \ When she reached tho»lower hall, she waited for Josie before opening the door. . Minute after minute passed, and grow- ing impatient, she amused herself by drumming with the tips of her fingers, on the banisters. Five minutes passed^ and, with a. slight exclaimation, she ran half way upstairs again. \Come Josie—ifc ia getting*latel\ she called out, as she retraced her steps. \We will find nothing worth buying.\ \Oh dear, dear P' responded Josie, in a voiGe of mingled distress and per- plexity. Milly hurried up the remaining stair, and hastened into their room. Josie was wildly searching about the apartment, moving table, chairs, bureau —even ;ihe bed—in a state of utter \ spair and bewilderment. ~ Milly could not ^repress a slight laugh, her friend looked so wildly anx- ious and distressed, for no apparent cause. \What in the world is the matter Have you lost anything!\ \Anything? Everything!\ was the tragic reply, with an appropriate tone and gesture. \The money! Our ten dollars is g'one!\ \Good gracious!—but is it possible!\ Milly gasped for breath, and sank into the nearest chair, with even greater despair written on her countenance than had just given rise' to her merriment when, she saw it depicted on her friend's face. But Josie didn't laugh. The situation was far to serious for her too see aay comic phase of it. \So I thought,too, when I first missed it; but I have searched every corner of the room, every inch of the carpet,,every impossible and possible place, and the appalling fact becomes more convincing —the money is gone!\ -Again and again every article in the room was moved out of its place, and every likely and unlikely nook and crev- ice searched, but without success. Occasionally a remark was made by Than I har.e seen in'all these years that John has \ been aw'ay. i. . He brought aletter, did you say, from him--what& * from our John? *\ \Which says that he will soon be home? No wonder you take on! ^ Thank God! forheh's heard my prayer and filled' iajr soul with joy, Ana taken sorrow from my heart by senJin' back And now lee us kneel down and uk that God Hii And'showur his blessings on our bey as long as he maylive: And when to-morrow's dawn has come, and John is nere to Stay, Well thank the Lord who gave nsatrue Tfianks- giviag-Day. one or the other of the \girls and ab- sently replied to; and still the search went on, until, tired o§t, jthey\bb sat down and daspairingly removed bonnet, jacket and gloves. \ ' ~ There was now no occasion for going out: the merry marketing to which they had looked forward with so much plea- sure, was no longer possible. Instead, they must finfj'-soine way of sending word to their invited guests^that unforeseen circumstances had inter/posed*' to prevent their little festivity. Josie was quite heartbroken, blaming herself for her carelessness; and' though Milly tried to comfort her, she could-jlot THE LOST BEL. A THANKSGIVING STOBT. ~*3Ii!Iy Barry and Josie King \served at opposite counters of a great drv-goods and millinery emporium. That was how thay made acquaintance in the first place—nodding and smiling at each other in the intervals of serving custom- ers. When they came to speaking, and by easy stages to the innocent confidence. ,of -their age they found they were com-' opinions in so many ways—each being orphaned, poor, lonely and very sociable- .—it was natural that they should pres-' ently exchange vows of eternal friend-i 7 They thea hired.a.'little room together,* * paid equal partsjof its humble rent, and- Sfeent partners ia their frugal housekeep^ ing • expenses;; and when they drank; thjeir co'5ee and ate their Viecna,r oil op-? Josite each other, across a dainty little table they ftlt;«.as if they had a home* •'once more. . Milly was'a. fair,pleasant-lqoMhg girl.' with soft blue eyes, brown \hair and k 'fresh red-and white, complexion; Josie f ma tall, slight^ ilifk and^pale, with. jtflpssy black* hair and large, dark-brown. gycis—a very handsome girl, as w.as often- remarked by. Iadie3. when .she. served, them, with, a rathei queenly air.. r TJie girls- were a: direct ^contrast ia personal app'earance—another reason for tfieSJ 1 attraction towand each otheir. Milly and ; Ipsie Bad not large, salaries firm which employed: them was. remarkable-for generosity; quick* Bales, small profits and very small salar-j iies ,was the,rale, in the ^great em:! pprium.\ \.\\\- • '.-. j v ; lipwever,' by dint of incesiant econof myrand by reason of sharing; expenses, r Milly and Josie contrived to puteaside a small sum weekjg toward a little fundj ''feSa great itanSsgiying celebration. '•}• They were-boih New England-girls, andf in their childhood's\'ydays that^day had; Sver 5 been one v of ;great rejoicing and! nrach merrymaking* in the fromes that; renjained nojv* Only \js a belutiful and, fallowed memory. •• \But for once they determined to make 1 jit-«^much of a joyous reality as the ( flight of years and the loss of friends and? actives would allow. They laid out iijj? imagination quite a sumptuous entertain- 1 - meat; and on counting up their savings, a. .few days before Jhe festive occasion^ anil finding |ha£- \fhey amounted to the; >-Bjafrnificent ; -'\sum. 6i- ten dollars, both girls felt jus$ified>in inviting a few fijends to hejp them .eat their turkey, j ^•j'.Mjs. Hobson^^their landlady, prom- ife\Qto roa3t,t3ftK^jb k le bird, and asked; jjfeirinission w contnfeute a mince and ai pji^fekin pie^* while*'ihe girls themselves' t&Sertook thesdooiling of the cranberry, sauce and vegetables on their own tiny| ggS-stove—for eachjfilltthat half the faiK 9f \ife? entert^inBiTOtewould be lost un-> -—*\- • perspnal'y i&rperintended a por-s ¥ The great clay approached, and it was TBifiksgiving Eve, and of course their j5J§gketing had to be done after store ]Iours,^6>r neither had been able to get leave pjj'absence during the day-tijhCj the figBorinm beipg jnos^than visually I more careful of the treasure they had so long and so faithfully striven for; And, to make everything wprse,an.tin- mistakable, though indescribable, cold- ness sprang up between these •warm, friends. - ' 'You and Josie King are Iict- such friends as you used to be,-\ remarked' a second acquaintance to Milly- Barry,'ispme weeks later. '• ' : \ \ . : ; ;; -. The speaker was Kate Weeks, one of the .party who had been invited to the •Thanksgiving dinner Which neve'r'tooK- place; add the young girls chanced to be talking together 4qt a few. moments dur- ing the brief noontime. ','No, we ar.e not-^though I love Josie King dearly, and always shali,\ retLtrned Milljr™- ''Tie^trouble dates ftomithe loss of that unfortunate ten dollars. You see, no one else was in the room-from the time, she laid the money on the bureau until it was missed, except ourselves. And where could it go? I am sure the same thought is in both our minds—not that either of us really suspects the other of taking the money—that would be im- possible—but we are both miserable from fearing that we suspect each other, and we have neither of \s the eoisrage*- to come to an explanation. The idea of such a thing seems so unutterably inean! Oh, dear! I had rather hay? lost^tjen thousand dollars than liave given way to the wicked thoughts arid doubts forced on me by the loss of that wretched ten.\ A young man, who was passing along the crowded aisle of the s great emporium at that 'momenjti\*chancgd : to ..oveEheai- these words; for,\ in her excitement, Milly raised her voice, and spoke with great distinctness. . This joung man. looked, at her with marked attention 1 , and \before he left the store he had, by much.perseverance, .and by assuming his mosf engaging manner, adroitly -managed -to ascertain Milly 'a. narae,~and also her place of residence, without either giving offense or subject ing himself'1:6a\ : snubbing for his curi- osity. That evening, Josie -and Milly--were much startled by the receit of a card sent up by a gentleman who had asked for them both, and was now waiting in the parlor. ' 'Say_5Ee_w^ilI.CQme_dQMn,.\ saidJ\.osie. to the gaping mald-of^alKwOTK,'' \who evidently shared their amazement, for neither Miss Barry nor Miss King had ever received a masculine visitor before, since \'\ g. tip. their abode in those lodgings; card, as the door closed behind the ser- vant. \I know of no such person. It musjfc bet somer.friend; of ypuxs,- jplly.f.' /*;-'_. \ \ H\o indeed! I never heard the geii- tlemanjs name before. Bat it's a very pretty name. Suppose we go and see if the iowner is worthy of his name.\ Both girls hastened to the jjarlp.r, ancL a tall, good-looking, elegant ypfofginan,\ • : quite as *pfetty as his name,\ Milly subsequently' .remarked,trose-, to- meet tnem. ~ \' \ \'\\ \\•\ *\ \Miss Bany,\- 'hebowed to Mlly, \ and Miss King.\ he bowed to Josie, \I trust you will not consider this an intrusion when I explain, that I corns to return something belonging to you both, which has chanced to get into my pos- session.\ \Impossible I think! We have lost nothing—at least I have not.\ And Josie looked toward Milly. \Nor IF replied that young lady, emphatically. y \Are you quite Bure?\ smiled fhe vis- itor. U A certain tenrdpllar bill was blown in my face by a stray gust of wind last Thanksgiving Eve,^ just as I was passing this hoiise, and I have been on the lookout -ifor the owner ever since. Something I chanced to overhear to-day led me here.\ 'tA ten-dollar bill?\ both girls ex- claimed at once. And Milly added, in self-reproach: <c T£e\ window- was \open Josie. 1 stepper!' -across the room to\ close it, and I never remembered it afterward. How wrong of ine! It would have explained everything.\ And-without .a Word more; both girls rushed toward each other, and exchanged a fervent embrace. Mr. Merton smiled and seemed to un- derstand, although neither of the girls remembered his presence just then. M But it may not be our ten dollars after all;\\ — -, *• -•-, \That is easily tested,\ said Josie. \I exchanged our money for the bill at the store that day; and having my pencil in hand at the time, I wrote on the back of it ovtf initials, 'Mi and J.', inclosed in a circle.' THE CHINESE IN NEW PECU1,TABITTE3 OP THE OXXSHTAXiS DESCRIBED. \And here it is!\ laughed young Mer^ ton, taking a crisp note from his pocket, and smoothing it o\it, so that the mark was plainly visible on the reverse side. \So like you, Josie,\said Milly, taking possession of iMe money. \I shall take care of it this time.\ Josia made no answer, but her quick, artistic eye, noted the strong, white, Well-shaped hand on which the bill had rested; and somehow, the look of ad- miration was caught by the dark, blue eyes of the owner of that hand. - Josie King blushed violently, and looked so handsome that Albert Merton instinctively uttered an exclamation. ''Oh, Miss King^ you will forgive me, I know I\ he explained. \But I ain an artist, and at that moment the turn of your head and the expression of your i face, just'realized the ideal I have been engaged on. It is a charming subject— if ypu would only grant me the privi- lege of a sitting to sketch your head.\ Hilly discreetly withdrew to a dis- tance, and pretsnded to examine the re- covered tea-dollar bill. Josie did not grant the young artist's request immedi- ately; but her refusal was not of a char- acter to render him hopeless. She sub- sequently repented of. her lack of amia^ ability so far that she granted Albert Merton innumerable sittings: and, in the course of the next six months, his studio teemed . with sketches of Josie i m Je king's beautiful head and face; in fact, he occupied her spare time so exclusive- ly, and. found her so invaluable as a a model, that they agreed to enter into a lifMong. piftthership; and on the wed- ding day, Milly, who officiated as brides- maid', slipped ' the'identical ten-dollar bill-into Josie's hand, and whispered: • \Have it framed and put in a glass c|ge > ,,._.dea]L ...You see our loss was a great gain in the end.\ Children as Besgers in the iffetfop* . . \oils. There are divers institutions of a char- itable nature in this city—hospitals, asyl- ums for orphans, the deaf, the dumb and the insane-T^and .'-many wealthy citizens are gifted\ with the spirit of true benev- olence. And; we have two or three asso- ciations whose \names would indicate that their mission is to care for and aid the children. ofL the city; but, with all their jnaehinery,'they have as yet been unable'to undlfsfend, much less solve, this- problem of the children Pf the poor. A few years ago Nevf York was the par- adise, of beggary frpm. door to door,, but of late the generous families of New York have found that miscellaneous alms, given at the,ir doors; is hot effective. Cold victuals given to beggars are often thrown in the street, often carried to tiie swill barrel, often used by keepers of' the lowest boarding houses in the city, and very rarely finu their way to the suf- fering poor, to wfioni they -are presuma- bly given. It is said that members of the associations for the relief of the poor regularly visit every tenement and place of misery, making personal investiga- tion of cases of destitution, which they report to the association, and they make a great poiut of a rule that no money is gg&en where it is likely -to* be expended ¥or liquor. A great many-visits are made, a great many persons ire- relieved, but the red tape which is bpun'd^ about the best of these associations hampers aud cramps individuals at a time when aid is most needed, and prevents-their working in the field where the greatest good might be done. pbservations. ; shaws that many Jlittle-gjflsj who\.become familiarized with \profanity -and indelicacy at-hpiaeand in the streets, and whose education along these lines of expression and actionisenT lianced by their service ori the street as peddlers of one thing br an*pth\erj find ae- cess.to the dance houses, and other places of 'disrepute-with which their own seer tions of the city abound, No special good is to be gained by detail's \o'f this sort, and a general statement must be ac^ cepted'of therexistenceof vaststenement house districts in which\ the poor are crowded,, so. tnat* all ppssibity of bar- rier Setween' sexes and 'condition is out of, , • the . qijestipnt ; There these little ones are born in great numbers; there, so far as individual members are concerned -, they might as well be one 4*f eSt.fainilyjifor -tliejrr Jiv.e;-in..the..street, play in the street, cry in the street, sleep in the street and, after awhile^ make their, living in the street. ; ¥orll:\ had less than \inhibitahts. The problem Avhich vexed our forefathers was the education and care of the children. The same problem presents- itself_ tp*day. A. .part, of. the children' are* calfed*f or, fed\ to\ a certain extent are educated, but the great mass df. thentare 3m the hands of careless par- ents. 'Society takes no heed of them whatever until, breaking some of theI13Oiciety's laws, society's police club cracks them over the skull and hauls them to society's prison. No man ever confronted such peril, no woman was ever confronted by such dan- ger, no traveler ever experienced such disaster, no nation was ever faced by such misfortune as are daily the*fate, ;he nigh$lysaerta'inty,« 'fehe 'constant cbm- panions of the babies on our New York Herald. Delaware was the first of the original thirteen States to ratify the cdEstitution.- Decemoer 7, 1787, and Rnode Island was the last to do so, May 39, 1790. Their Superstitions and Their Un- conquerable Fatalism—A. Reporter In a, Chinese Hospital. Soon after the first batch of Chinamen put in their appearance in New York they began to surround themselves with heathen accessories to which- they had been accustomed in San Francisco. Be- fore three months had .gone by they had several flourishing Opium dens; half a dozen \fan-ton\ games and lotteryjoints and a dozen stores for the sale of Oriental commodities. Having provided for the amusements of their daily lives the inoo'n-eyed strangers set up relations with the powers above, 'by establishing a J03& housf r -whireitf^tJ^ifAiaii^ their prayers with commendable regularity and' punctuiiit-yi -\ NesS. -&ey Set aiso encompassing ofder by the founding of a Chinese law court,- and l&stly, and Very recently they completed the social circle of Chinese life by opening a Hospital, or more properly, a house wherein the sick may die withoilt iotheriing tlseir friends and relations. Chinamen are well known to be fatal- ists. This trait in their national charac^ ter inakes Chinamen, who ere otherwise cowardly, meet death with the utmost stoicism. ,On the Pacific slope execu- tions of Chinamen have been by no means iinfrequent, and in no case has the victim of the law failed to march to the scaffold with the fortitude of nn Indian. The belief thatwhatis-to be is to be, and no act of a person may avert a catestophe, renders the healing art most difficult of application to Chinamen. Once John becomes really sick, he is pretty sure to die, because he gives up all hope, refuses to take niedicinee, and resigns himself stoically to the fate in store for \him; He is superstitious,' and places what lit- tle faith he has in curatives not in drugs, but in queer aaaulets, funny bags, and nauseating liquids blessed by the priests. This .superstition agects his relations, and once the hand of death is considered to have set its .mark upon the sick man's saffron forehead he is an outcast. He is no more fit to reniain in human habita- tation; for should he die under the roof, ail manner of. ills will fall upon the in- mates. Therefore he is hustled out to die. In San JTraneisco dying men are often found tipdn the streets. Parents are .as ruthlessly sacrifices, once their ailment is considered hopeless, as the veriest stranger^=-and yet die children of a Chinamen are the most dutiful of. any children of any people. Hearing that a hospital, or sick-house, as the Chinese term it, had peen estab^ lished in Chinatown, a ifeptesehtative of the Gdmmer&idl Advartiser set to work to find the place, §sid explore it if opportunity oiEefed. From inquiries made among the\ white ^people\ in the neighborhood, the house w£s located on the north side of the street, five of sit doors from {he-- corner of Chatham street. The entrance was under a stoop, aid opened into a long, dark hallway, that in turn led into a blind court between the front and feaf buildings. The drains from the adjoining houses emptied into the stone-flagged court, and the sewage lay in little pools in the broken stones, sending up an overpower- ing stench. Garbage was scattered over the ground, where it had been thrown from the windows, and iaulbef, boxes and barrels filled tip the intervening spaces. Picking his way across the court, the writer reached a deal door that appeared to open into the rearhouse, but which really opened into a long alley, at the end of which was another door on which was pasted a red sign in black Chinese charactersY ' Knocking produged no resppnser The visitor lifted the, latch, and pushed the door open. A. volume of foul air aiid smoke poured . out;\ iieariy stifling • the reporter, who drew back tor x moment,, feut recovering he entered,. The place was dark, but gradually the eye becoming aQcustomed ,tp. the- glponii ifr was-possible^ to dis-. tinguish the. ianiits ; fit ;tne pla)pe> Not ai ;stick t>f fufbitjireJwas'in the place, but a jbrazief, made of an. old cbal oil can, burned in the r middie 6f,the room; On one side.there w.ere bnnks, arrapge,d end fbr end', and on die, covered by a qflilt made of guitny sac its and fags, lay a- human form. -As the visitor approached, the miserable creature half raised upon his elbow, and a.skedin a hollow voice: \Wfiatfc-r?.\ \ • \Ypu sick?\ jnteffogatedthereporter. •\ \Me'veliy sick,\ answered the China- man,\ falling bacfe with a.groans '•'Stungf-y?\ -.-..• \Ko—no can eat,\ \Where are yoiir friends?\ . \N6 got fllends: JiU aone.\ As. the., poor. Jellpw. ceasedi- a. hplipw cqjugh told ..the story. He\ Was dying from consumption, winch 'carries off. fully Half of his\r|ce in this coimtry. Poor food, insufficient clothing SH& an unsah^ itary mode of life sooh work'havoc with, the. weak physique of the coolie, and his vicious habits, of opium smoking and gambling- hurry him bii -until too weak to stand, his -friends carry him\ to the sickrhousef -V ..-.-. - :••••: ,.•.'• • There, was nothing mpre to lgars E John was dying, and he^jvonld ; dp npthiag'tp help hiniself, for was \not the ; Mfid q'f death 'uriqri him? So,-leaving a sni'ail piece? of ^silver in the Mo&like hand of the -sick man, '.the f epof ter left-. As he^ iStepped intoj.the court^the, proprietoj : o% : the.sick house was coming ln.wiffi.ai tin plate of rice and a diminutive cracked, cup of teaT \ • \ - '' \What\ is the matter with that man, John?\ asked the reporter. <'Oh, : himdie.'' . -.' . \The sickness?\ (consumption). \Yes.\ Him '^ie Jo'morrpw.\ \Where are his friends?\ • ' * \Him fiends plenty lich. Got'em store. -Payee Sam Kee plefitv money, keep Ah Jim.\; .--.:... . \Why don't -you, get a. doctor?\ \Wha' iof?,. jfiB\ 1 4i?-' Wlia' for spend.um.mpney doctor V* ' 'Why don't his'frwnds keep him home where he-can be epnifprtsble?\ . ' 'Alt same »bad?Jp|s coirie, he-die there. Ah-Jim-.alLlite. Him die plenty ciick'n have big flutfral. Send?uin bblnes back China.\ ' .-//; •./•*-•* -• - The next day when the reporter called AhJimTlay itea pine:b.oS:. .'He;had on a new-suit^of ... blue glazed, musli^ ani a •sl^uli cajp with a bright red button. His free wore a calm expression, and'the Hun hands weie crossed over hss breast Fun eral punk burned and little'gilded pa- per cornticopias were scattered around. Across the street grand preparations were making for a great funeral feast, for Ah Jim had died out of the house and he could now be honored.—JViw York Com- mercial Advertiser. The Art of Cutting Diamonds. The art of cutting diamonds was not practiced in tins country until 1858, when Henry t>. Morse of Boston showed what a Yankee could do at it. Since- then the business of cutting diamonds has spread largely from the efforts of workmen imported or taught by him, and iibw there are many workshops in America, chiefly in large cities, where diamonds are cut to order. The tariff has been adjusted so as to foster the dia- mond-cutting business here. Uncut dia- monds may be imported duty free, but a heaEvf tuiy ir!ni|6se;d 6% the cut stones.\ The^ modern process of diamond cut- ting is much the same as, that which'has \iiee^ followed for centuries. The wages paid the workmen are about the ssme as those paid to firstrdass working jewelers. Hr 4 Morse has a machine of his own in- yentioii which.he uses, and which he be- lieves is an improvement oh the old method. He mounts two diamonds in a sort of double, lathe, using one-against the other. This is a close imita- tion of the old hand method, in which the diamonds are cemented each at the end of a stiok or handle, and rubbed together with a strong pressure. |fhe diamond dust which results from this process, and is used in cleaving and polishing diamonds, is called bort. It is also made by pulverizing small or imper- fect, diamonds which are of little value for cutting. The-ingenuity of jewelers has been taxed to find use for the small diamond chips that come off in cleaving. Some of these chips are -uBed for cluster diamond jewelry. Many are used to represent the eyea of birds or animals. T£e rage for solitaire stones of late years hasffilled the market with cheap clippings. • - When Mr. Morse cut the big Vif ginia diamond in Boston, in 1849, most jewelers doubted the poisibility of cut- ting diomonds in this country. But gradually the inevitable .law of trade as- serted itself, and so profitable a business could not longer be monopolized abroad. There are abont* a hundred workmen now employed in New York, city alone in cutting diamonds, and their wages aver- age about twenty^five dollars a week.. The expert who decides how a stone shall be cut does not always perform the actual labor of cutting, but simply directs the lapidary, how to cut go as to bring out the utmost brilliancy of the stone, It happens sometimes that the first cutting produces a comparatively dull stone* and that a skilful cutter takes the same stone, and, althpiigh reducing jt in size, increases its value by produc- ing greater brilliancy. Sometunes a part of a stone may be so hard that it canpot be polished. It is hot ?.lways the hardest stones that are most brilliant. With free tirade in uncufrdiampnds it is a common thing to send considerable quantities in paper bags thrptigh the mails between different countries.—JV«o York Sun. '- * tote-Signs In I*e6ple do not generally think of mar- riage in a common-sense way, but unite the.mseiv-e? with any one who takes their, fancy. Divorce potirte are fijll of cases based on simple incompatibility of tem- per. The nervous temperament should unite itself with the bilious-vital, which is known by plumpness of person, dark hair, eyes and complexion,' activity of the nutritife organs, fondn'ess of social pleasures, etc. \ • Tiie ieatiires of the face indicate a great deal as to. the aptivity of the brain and the peculiar direction of the faculty. For instances, full red lips, -and bnmd, prominent.chin-show great, strength and aidpf in the joveelement. A narrow and pointed chin is the more exclusive and .nionogainic. The former' will usually\be accom- panied by a- broad neck and expanded brain; back of the ears, while the. retreat- ing^chiri will be 'found with af lpnger, nairowerneck. • 1 Full; round eyes, high in. the center, ' are also indicative of honesty and purity of love, white the broad or -flat eye ia mpre inelined.to be loose'dn love matters^ : Low and, scowling eyebfows iudicate subterfuge and fesis;ance^a disposition to shift, evade and resort to inafiy ways to accomplish a purpose pr tp-avoid diffi- culties, .^rpjecting eygfiif pws tell of me- chanical skill, a stern nature, with taieiit for details, Full and finely formed iips bespeak a lar,ge heart. The perfect mouth is full, with.the upger, lip ^vell curye,d in-the: center, aii^l wlth^ngither. upper nor^lpwer- .protruding. ^SucS%niouthindidafeslove for all that is beautiful and tasty • a whole-souled and_ generous nature, good disposition^ strong affections, desire for caressing and kissing, affections both actiye and passive. When the upper lip is thin in proportion to the lower, it shows that .the .affections =afe not bal\- anced. Its possessor may receive' caresr ses and kisses, but cares little about giving them, iips turned up at the cor- ners indicate mirthfulness. ; • PoKing the Fire. Some one has written a long letter to the queen teaching, the correct manner Of treating the* •fire. f 'It is nPvef to be\ pdked,- saysthis domestic ifentorj as po- king is a waste of caloric. I can imagine that individual's house, constructing it- from-this item oF information, as the learned tcbnstructed tne stktue-of .'BTercu- les from the foot. The windows areneVer drawfi-up.for fear of dust. Theiblinds are never drawn up for* 'fear of the sun. The chairs, are kept covered in holland wrappers, • When any one indiilgesia a promiscuous nap there are layers of for- eign matter- introduced between the sleepy head and the couch\ of armchaii on which it rests. ^^London truth. A Mean Efflployef, \I shall' be- compelled to redu'ee ypui salary,-'Mr. Johnsonriinfii c61d\'weath'8» setsiin; said a meanTemployef to 'his.bald-» headed book-keepefi \Why;?V t #ked :£he olci..fellb:wr 1 with a sinkingiea\r .- : . •,• ••••-. '-. \Because \I notice that a large >p6ftioii of the tiipe which, should be- devoted t» my .service is spent by you in fighting SieB.off the\ top of \your head \•—Detroit Post. The Jewels Ia European Crowns. The crown of England is believed to be the finest piece of regalia in the world. The lower part of the band is a TOW of 129 pearl% the upper part of 115; between them in front, is a large sap- phire ; behind is a smeiler supphire with six others and eight .emeralds. Between the two great sapphires are ornaments containing SS6 diamonds. Above the band are eight sapphires, surrounded by eight diainond.3 and eight festoons, con- taining 160 diamonds. In the front of the crown is the ruby given to the Black Prince by Pedro, King of Castile. This is set in a Maltese cross and forming the cross are- seventy-five, large diamonds. Three other crosses are round the upper part of the crown, containing alto- gether 388 diamonds. Between tne four crosses are four ornaments with four rubies in their centers, and containing re- spectively eighty-fdur^e'ighfy-six, eighty-. fiv& and eighty-seven diamonds. From the Maltese crosses rise four arches com-r posed of oak leaves »nd acorns, the leaves containing 728 diamonds. The thirty-two acorns are each of a single pear i,_ and are set in cups made of fifty- four diamonds. Above the arches stands the mound, containing 548 diamonds, and -above the mound is the cross, con.r taining a very large sapphire, four very large and J.D8 smaller diamonds. The value of the whole is variously estimated, but is commonly believed to bs about 11,500,000. The jewels of the crown of the king o.f Portugal are valued at 35,000.000 francs, and his diamonds weigh over 5,000 car- ats, their value- being estimated at more than £2,000,000. Among them is a dia- mond reported to weigh 1,680 carats, which, if genuine, is the largest of the kind in the world. It is, however, sus- pected to be a white topaz, and the king will not allow a critical examination to be made of it. At the coronation of the present ezaf and czarina, two crowns were made for the occasion, together with a necklace, and the empress' crown is thought- to present to view the most beautiful collection of diamonds ever gathered in a single ornament\; It is*uncertaia whether Russia or Persia possess the finest collection of erowa diamonds in the world, but the honor belongs to one of the %wo. One of the finest collections of crown jewels in the world is possessed by the most hopelessly bfoken down potentate, the sultan Of Turkey. Every sultan from the earliest times has made a point of collecting jewels and selling none, and thus, tlirough the course of ages, the collection has \become enormous. The jewel^rboms of the Tiirkisli sultan re- semble nothing'so much as tSe descrip- tions in the \Arabian Eights.\ Uncle Esek's Wisdom. You can encourage tiie timid, restrain the bpla, piinish Jhe -wicked, but ior the weak there is no help, The most reliable people we have are those whose brains are located in their heads. There is nothing like necessity to quicken a man—I pnee knew a man who was the laziest fellow on earth, untii he lost a leg by accident, after that no able- bodied man could get around the village as quick as he could 06 one ieg and a crutch. Don't go back, my friend, after many years, to your old home, expecting to be made happy; for, if vou ever happened to commit an indiscretion in your boy- hood days, people will remember noth- ing but that, and most of them will re- mind you of it. What tiie world wants most is novel- ty and dispatch. Civilization has so quickened all things, that, before another hundred years roll3 around, we shall require a quicker kind of lightning than we have now to do our telegraph \business with. There are those so pure that they are continually repenting of sins they haven't the pluck to commit. Learning seems to be rapidly dri ving all the common sense out of the world. •^ Century. ^ -., Witn Efery Point in Her Fator. It was in an East Boston terry horse car, She was. slight, dedcute and stand- ing up. He weighed over two hundred pounds and was*ittingin thecbrner by the fear door. .Suddenly he jumped from his seat to ask the conductor a question. She (innocent- unthinking creature) thought he meant to leave the car, and so she slidlnto the seat he just vacated. Soon he concluded the inter- view with the conductor and began to back into his seat ' again. The little woman saw the proportions af the bulky form gradually assujne frightful magni- tude \and a very alarming proximity. Quickly diggingJhecelbow into the ribs of her .neighbor (whose .head.an4 beard loosed like a bundle of saffron)\ she in- terested him sufficiently in the jeopardy of her situation to induce,him to raise his colossal fist and \ fend off\ the settling monster. Words cannot picture the look of horror upoa the man's face when he received a* vigorous thrust in the small of his back, 'and turned- \and saw this little wee woman in his seat. \Great Scott, ma'am! Yer a pretty liafd hitter, ain't yer? I hain't had such a clip as that-since.I was struck by-a ice boat. Oh, don't move, ma'am, be just as easy yer can. You've ev'ry point in yer favor. \-^-Boston Globe. Shortsightedness. .., ' A writer in- the London Times claims, the. cause i of jnyppia.tp be the application of the eyes to near obje\cts; in other/ words, the poring over books and'handP crafts. When the eyes are directed'to a near object, they are turned in or ren- dered convergent, 36 that the axis. 6f vision meet upon it, and this position is maintained ,by a-muscular •effort winch, if continued, alters the shape of the eye in* the direction of elongation. Mani- festly, the alteration will be most easily effected during youthy when the tissues of the body, including those of the eye, are comparatively lax 'and distensible, and it*wilt alsbj be most easily effected among those young-people whose \tissues are exceptipnally weak, by reason of in- adequate fo 'd Pf \of unhealthy\ descent or surroundings.: Badly Bghted schools are the great manufactories* of myopia, the bad light compelling approximation of tBe-books or other* materials of study. r J> Warren Keifer is the ,.only r Ohion who was ever^speaker of the House of Representatives, and 1 for, 6ne\term.~ . * THE SURPRISE. Joy met Sorrow .in a place Where the branches interlace, Very secret, still, and sweat, Safe from all profaning feet. \Why art thou here?\ Joy, startled, cried; \Why art here?' gray Sorrow sighed. \I came here to weep,\ said Joy, \Tears are ever my employ,\ Murmured Sorrow, \yet I see Tears as grateful were to thee. Come, young novies, and be taught How to ease thy heart d'sf fraught\ Joy sat down at Sorrow's feet, And was taught a lesson sweet. Fain -would he make kind return:— \Sorrow arc too old. to learn? Nay? Then tarry yet awhile, Till I've taught thee how to smile!\ • Since that hour the two have been Bound as by mysterious kin; Sinci that hour they so exchange Tears and smiles, 'tis nothing strange If \sometimes a puzzled heart Scarc-e can tall tha twain apart. — JSdith M. Thomas, ifc the Current. HUJttOK OF THE DAY, I-' An old timer—Grandfather's clock.-— Boxtort Post. Well-matched pair—A horsey man and a nagging wife.— Life. The Vassar girls do not swear. They only say '-'buy~gum.\— Bazoo. Mr. Bergh has warned the riflemen that they will not be permitted to hit the bull's eye.— Jingo. We are asked when a young lady is of age and we unhesitatinglyreply,not until she is married.— Merchant- Traveler. \What did you kill'?\ inquired a pe- destrain of a sportsman on horseback. \Time was the sententous response.— Hatchet. Why is a cornet-player like a signal- service storm, observer? One blows the notes, and the other notes the \blows.\ — Jingo. It would seem \but reasonable that equal partners in. a wool-growing entar- prise should \shear and\ shear alike.— Chicago Sun. ° A Wyoming man named James Agon, was recently married. A few weeks later he petitioned the court to add a \y\ to Ms last name;— GfapKic. \Did you ever kiss a pair of pouting lips?\ asks an exchange.^ No; but we have received a pout from a pair pf kiss- ing lips*.— Boston Transcript' 'There is a female band in Baltimore. The proper band for a female to beloug to is a husband. She can usually play Mm for all he is worth.\— Hatchet. * The cold winds remind the farmers that itas time to put their cattle under coyer. Y^, who have steerstoAshedj. pre- pare to shed them now.— Nets. York Journal. . It was an employer who kept his men at work from daylight till after dark, of whom it was originally said that \time hangs heavily on his hands.\— Boston Transcript. Sitting Bull cleared $30,000 by exhib- iting himself in New York, and hss doubtless learned that it is better to bleed the white man than to kill Jiim.— Oil City Blizzard. \Mr. Smith, do you 'dye. your hair?\ •asked the small boy. \No; why did you. think so?\ \Oh. I dunno, only it's black, and sister said she reckoned you was light-headed, \--Boston Post. Ouidasays: \A girl's iove must never, be begged, but conquered.\ That's all -very we.il, but how to subdue the thick- soled parent of the period, is what's bothering\ our young men justnow.— San Francisco JPost. \I don't know about your religious npvelSj\ said Deacon Brownsmith; \the Bible is good enough for me.\ \Yes replied Brother Broad, \but are you good enough for the Bible, deacon?\— Boston I'rariscrvpt. It is a pretty healthy man who can read a patenfmedicine almanac \without suddenly discovering that he is afilicted with about one hundred and fifty of the two hundred diseases described therein. Herald. \Western girls seem to have as keen an eye to the main chance as their-Eastera sisters. A prairie pansy, summering at Waukesha, was asked by a Texas sun- flower if she would Share Ms lot, and the pat reply was.: \Xes^—if it is a corner one, and you will-build on. it.\— Louis- viUe Times. \Oh Lucy, if you knew the depth of my devotion! Lucy, if you do\ not re- turn my love I will'Mll myself.\ \Bless you, Augustus, I will return your love.\ '•Oh, will you, will you? Then I am hap- py beyond^ \ \Yes Augustus, I will \return it. I have no-use for it.\— Chi- cago Hews. '. \Doesn't that man remind you of the sea?\ said a pretty girl on Fourth street to her companion, as a very f asMonable masher went by.- \I don't know. How do you mean.?\ \Oh because he is. such a heavy swell.\ \Yes dear,\ was the quilt -response,\ \but you know the sea swell is salt.— Merch<vni--Traiaeler. ...L . Prairie Fires. A prairie fire is not the most pictur- esque or dangerous tMng in the world, though I have often read of tMs red regiment in line charging across the plains, driving before it herds of buffa- loes, wolves and grizzlies, and swallow- ing men afca mou thiul. • When in the Northwest I asked many old settlers if they had ever known any man in danger from a prairie fire. The answer was al- ways \No.\ The reason is that the fire does not advance in a uniform line; the head-fire, which is of small width, is\ strong and rapid; but the side fires are easily stepped over. \The oalyfire,\ said an old fire king, \that I ever saw that may have \been dangerous for a few minutes was caused in a singular way. The grass was thick, and the prairie had been burning some time, and side fires stretched as far as the eye could reach. Suddenly the wind shifted, ten miles of more of side fire turned into a head fire, and for a brief period raced over a tWck grass like a cavalry\ regiment.— John iSwintorCs Paper. • During the nine years of our war for independence, Massachusetts furnished * more troops for the wmy than any other of the States9g563' \ \ ' .- i.

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