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The journal. (Ogdensburg, N.Y.) 1971-current, November 16, 1971, Image 13

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn84031170/1971-11-16/ed-1/seq-13/

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J New Clinics Trace Air Pollution I EDITOR'S NOTE — Internal com- bustion engines have been the cause for much of the air pollution in the United States. To combat that pollution, some manufacturers have modified their engines, by reducing compression ratios and retarding ignition timing, to aid in reducing pollutants by better accepting the hew lowdead or no-lead gasolines. Other measures have also been in- troduced to aid more complete burning of the fuel air mixture and to stop evaporation of fuel. Ail of these steps, while helping to accomplish the intended purpose, require additional care by the individual motorist to keep the engines within critical tolerances necessary for clean operation. A University of Michigan research - program has shown one of the best ways to keep an engine clean—as well as the air we must breathe — is to keep it tuned. That means spark plugs must be replaced at regular intervals, as well as the air cleaner and other replaceable parts. And it's vitally important that the engine be tuned to manufacturers' specifications. The accompanying report notes some of the problems that can increase pollution and how critical tuning is today. Halts Hard Starts Wo Area 7s 7mm one Three Adjustments Furnish Keys To Cleaner Operation By DAVID L. WALKER Good things—or bad things—come in \threes.\ Three is the number of key tune-up adjustments that can convert an average car from a polluter to a relatively pollution-free vehicle. The basic steps in reducing air pollution involve correcting spark plug misfire, maintaining correct fuel - air mixture and making sure timing is set correctly. • Through a series of Cleaner Air Clinics, Champion Spark Plug Company is instructing auto technicians throughout the nation in how to recognize and correct these laws. The clinics will reach more than 60,000 technicians with the latest information on controlling air pollution from automobiles. SPARKPLUG MISFIRE —A two percent rate of misfire can more than double the amount of un- burned hydrocrabons. The two percent misfire is critical since Ihe average motorist cannot detect that his engine is acting up with that rate of malfunction. So he is not aware there's anything wrong, let alone the fact that his car is polluting excessively. Causes of spark plug misfire include worn out spark plugs, deficiencies in other, ignition components, such as points, distributor caps, rotors or cables. : OVERRICH FUEL SUPPLY —The function of the carburetor is to mix the gasoline with air and feed the mixture to the combustion chamber. An - overrich mixture can result in 200'to 300 ] percent increased unburned hydrocarbons. Typical causes of an overrich fuel •' mixture include clogged air filters ,; restricting the supply of air, improperly \ i adjusted idle mixture and a carburetor ,: in need of-servicing. TIMING —With the new anti-pollution devices \ on cars, some motorists complain about - loss of power. The fact that residents of colder areas are more tune-up conscious than their warmer-elimed counterparts is reflected in regional breakdowns of starting problems. Motorists in the West North Central U.S. Cincludihg.Minnesota, the Dakotas, Iowa, Kansas, Jissoiiri and Nebraska) had four percent less starting trouble than motorists in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. Car owners in Ontario, Canada, had four percent less difficulties than California, Oregon and Washington State drivers. The message seems to read, for trouble-free winter driving START with a tune-up. 'Certified Car Care' Experts Plan Launched A private industry pro- gram to certify automobile technicians was announced by Henry Sor- enson, Presi- dent of the In- dependent Ga- rage Owners of America (IG0A). IGOA, along I with, the Auto- motive Service I Industry Asso- 1 ciation and the Henry sorenson National Con- gress of Petroleum Retailers,\ have formed the National Automotive Technicians Cer- tifications Board (NATCB). To receive certification, a technician must have at-least two years' experience in h 5 * specialty. He must also p. an examination in one or more of 15 categories of car components. Mr. Sorenson believes this system, of certifying mechan- ics preferable to government certification. Said Mr. Soren- son, \This industry knows better than anyone else what the needed requirements for t a mechanic are and we alone ' ' • should establish them. I be- lieve this is our industry's responsibility fend I know we accept it.\ The NATCB certification plan is based on one begun by the Independent Garage Owners of Arizona. When your car's PCV valve is clogged, harmful emissions from the engine can increase by 200%, according to Cham- pion spark Plug Company.' Some auto service technicians will try to compensate for this condition by advancing the timing settings beyond what car makers recommend. As a result the production of unburned hydrocarbons can increase from 10 to 30 percent. In addition, the over advanced timing can shorten spark plug life and damage the engine, thus increasing pollution even further. Other incidents of neglected main- tenance can --increase air pollution. These include using spark plugs of in- correct heat range, .use of improper fuel for the engine and failure to keep anti- pollution devices in good working condition. A pre-winter tune-up remains the motorist's best insurance against starting problems. This was one'of the findings of the most recent study of hard starting problems conducted-by Champion Spark Plug Company. Motorists in the United States and Canada were surveyed on their winter-time starting. experience and on maintenance performed on their cars' during the winter. Results of the survey indicated: Motorists who corrected hard starting by charging their batteries had up to three times the incidence of repeated failures than those who had tune-ups performed. Motorists who replaced batteries to correct starting problems still had from 28 percent more repeated trouble (in the U.S.). to 90 percent more (in Canada)' than turie-up purchasers. The effect of pre-winter maintenance was also demonstrated in the survey. In the United States, 28 percent of all motorists had starting problems at least once during the winter. Canadian car owners, living in a considerably colder climate, had a 27 percent rate of \won't starts.\ Key factor in these statistics, ac- cording to Champion, is the com- parative rate of tune-up purchases. In the U.S., less than one out of every three motorists (33.1 percent) purchased a pre-winter tune-up. In Canada, 41.6 percent bought tune-ups. jZ*4 ~ A key ingredient of Champion Spark Plug Company's Cleaner Air Clinics is an exhaust analyzer which measures hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions produced by car engines. Various ignition system malfunctions can increase these undesirable emis- sions dramatically, showing the maintenance is a vital contribu- tion to cleaner air. mmity* NATE'S AUTO PARTS — DISTRIBUTORS — YOUR ONE STOP PARTS HEADQUARTERS • Auto - Tractor & Truck Parts & Repair • Small Engine - Lawnmower & Outboard | I I I I I I I I I I L fast service! Stop here for prompt, expert attnetion to your car needs Honest, Efficient Business Which is Appreciated •— You Can Trust Us. FRANCHISED DEALER J?OR FIRESTONE TIRES Tom and Don's SHELL Station ACROSS FROM SHOPPING CENTER ENTRANCE PHONE 393-3075 I I I I I I I I I I J Says Tune-Up Is Cure For Air Pollution They came to get a free, tune-up. They left with the realization that a neglected engine is a major contributor to the air pollutin problem. When engineering students' at the University of Detroit decided to help observe Engineering Week by offering free tune-ups to the public, the students did not anticipate the response. Seeking to dramatize the effects of uhdermaintenance on harmful emissions, the students found 150 cars waiting in line at a campus facility. It was more than they could handle so they invited excess numbers of car owners back for a tune-up the following week. Additional openings for the second week's clinics were exhausted in 15 minutes as the public phoned in for appointments. What was the result of the Clinic's study? After tune-up the average hydrocarbon emissions were reduced 52 percent. . According to clinic organizers Bob Kaczorowski and John Smreker, \The goals that were set for the tune-up were 400 parts per million of hydrocarbons and 2.0 percent carbon monoxide. The average HC reading-coming in was 644 PPM. The average CO count was 3.06 percent. \After tune-up the average HC count was 312 and the average CO count was 1,3 percent.\ No region of the United States of Canada is immune from start- ing trouble. Motorists in warm California or Florida are as likely to have difficulty as car owners in Montana and Michigan. In fact, motorists in cold Ontario have only slightly more starting trouble than their British Columbia counterparts who enjoy a mild winter climate. When comparing the two provinces in terms of tune-up purchases, the reason is apparent. Ontario has a high.incidence of tiine-iips while British Columbia has a low one; Compared to the U.S. average^ Ontario'has about five percent less starting trouble. GHIZE'S GARAGE FOREIGN CAR REPAIRS ALL GENERAL REPAIRS •ENGINE TUNE UP •CARBURETOR'REPAIRS • ELECTRICAL REPAIRS RIVERSIDE 6RIVE. 393-3243 OGDENSBURG. Nry. I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I Our WINTER PROTECTION- CHECK OUT RADIATOR Flush radiator, cheek for rust,, leaks, signs of wear. Check, hose cjamps. SPARK PLUG INSPECTION Remove,\ clean; regap spark plugs, Check wires and proper current flow. MOUNT SNOW TIRES Remove rear tires, balance and mount snow tires. Rotate front wheles. ANTIFREEZE * Check permanent-type antifreeze to insure proper engine block projection. IGNITION SYSTEM Cheek ±or proper wiring, coil spark, dis- tributor output and gap points. BATTERY voltage level, terminals. Clean s, cables. Add fluid, if necessary. *•' Parts Extra s CORNER ARTERIAL AND CANTON ST. PH. 393-2520 I • I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l

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