ADVANCE-NEWS SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1971 PAGE 23 Hepburn PlansCritical Expansion Areas HEART MONITOR— A marvel of modern electronic science is the heart monitor, a device that instantly shows how a patient is responding to treatment, and quickly provides an alert if com- plications arise. The two systems now available are frequently not enough to handle the coronary patient load. ~ That Old Black Magic Is Getting Expensive JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) —- Inflation is driving up the cost of that old black magic. All the ingredients for \muti medicine\ are higher, . Muti is the potion brewed by professional witch doctors and the odd do-it-yourselfer at home. Depending on the mix, it's designed to find lost objects, communicate with departed spirits, cast spells and eliminate those cast by others. It's supposed to cure most ill- nesses, including several unknown to Blue Cross. The latest catalogue of one of the largest muti merchants indicates there's no magic potion to thwart in- flation. I. Alexander Limited of Manzini in neighboring Swaziland explains: \It is now not so easy as it was in the past to obtain animal fats, skins, bones, roots, barks and bulbs ... A lot of money is now involved. Furthermore postal authorities have made increases to postage on parcels so heavy that we have been forced, against our wishes, to raise our prices slightly.\ With that apology out of the way, the catalogue lists an assortment of products and their prices. Fats and oils from lion, elephant, wolf, whale, rhinoceros and tiger are offered at 98 cents a bottle. Seal skin is $2.10. Hairy hyena skin fetches 98 cents, as do hyena dung and jackal dung. Crocodile liver sells for $2.80 and a lion claw for $6.30. Mixtures made from secret formulae are more costly, too. Something called \Umemezi\ is priced at $14 while a compound sold under the brand \La Bisinese\ is $16.80. There is no description, but the latter presumably is designed to assure success in business. The muti merchants plug their products with common sales gimmicks. The catalogue promises a present of one bottle of Super Rays Blood Mixture to anyone whose order totals $9.80 or more. Care and treatment of coronary patients at A. Barton Hepburn Hospital in Ogdensburg rank second to none in the North Country, but even here doc- tors are sometimes forced by cir- cumstances to play a kind of medical roulette. Modern technology has provided the heart specialist with equipment to maintain a constant watch on a coronary patient's heart, electronically. Warning Systems Hepburn Hospital has two of these monitoring units which are in constant use helping to decrease the fatality rate among heart cases, locally. The gamble comes, however, when more than two severe heart cases are being treated simultaneously. And this situation has become more the rule than the exception. One Ogdensburg physician who has had to confront this problem com- mented: \It places a tremendous burden on a doctor when he is forced to decide which coronary patient is more in need of this monitoring than some other. \Most often you feel you shouldn't have to exclude one in favor of another. All severe coronary cases should be on the monitors. \But because the hospital has only about half as many monitors as are needed many times, you are forced to decide on some basis who needs it more. Then you pray your decision will not seriously affect the patients you take off the monitor.\ He added, \Many times such a choice may affect the very survival of a patient.\ It is such considerations-the need for better patient care facilities-which underly the Hepburn Hospital's planned $3.2 million improvement program for which a $1 million resident solicitation campaign has been started. The plans cail for, among other im- provements, the expansion of the coronary care section from two beds to four, thereby doubling the coronary care capabilities of the hospital. Kidney Machines Patients with malfunctioning kidneys are also . dependent on electronic equipment for their survival and the Hepburn Hospital is moving to keep pace with increasing needs in this area, also. ' When,a person's-kidneys stop filtering impurities from his blood he becomes poisoned and may die. Medical science has been able to create machines which can do What the malfunctioning, kidneys have ceased doing; thereby permitting such patients to live nearly normal lives as long as they use the machines regularly. The hospital in Ogdensburg has two such renal dialysis units in operation, but,'like the coronary section has more patients than available equipment can adequately accomodate. Under the new development program the renal dialysis facilities will be ex- panded to include three kidney machines. Besides the heart patients, many . other types of critically ill patients should be under constant personal and electronic surveillance. But, for lack ot an intensive care section at the Ogdensburg hospital, such patients are now \treated in the regular wards. When the improvement program has been completed, A. Barton Hepburn Hospital will include a fully-equipped 12- bed intensive and coronary care unit. The new coronary-intensive care and renal dialysis suite will be housed on the third floor of a scheduled expansion of the present 1902 building., In the overall expansion and im- provement program emphasis is placed not on increasing the number of beds, but on improving the quality of patient services to .keep pace With changing needs and medical progress. In addition to the $1 million which the hospital expects to raise through solicitation of area residents, .$2.2 million Will be acquired through a long- term loan from the State of New York. .-\*§ax: : mmim^:. ARTIFICAL KIDNEY— Renal dialysis—by the \artifical kidney machine\—at Hepburn Hospital makes it unnecessary for North Country patients with severe kidney disease to travel to distant medical centers for this specialized treatment/Expansion of facilities for this lifesaving treatment unknown just five years ago, is part of the new program and will double the treatment capacity. An elderly person whose kidneys have ceased to function, can go on living five or more years, thanks to the \kidney machines.\- Ow Looming Electric PotVer Shortage U.N. Members Autobahn: Russian Roulette On Wheels (CONTINUED FROM PAGE 22) licensed power reactor or a Navy reactor. The Fermi melt-down did not a thing to Michigan. San. Onofre has been through one bad fire in the electrical control system, but it's impossible for fires to affect the reactor itself inside that armor-plate'd sphere. Anything that happens in the sphere is contained by it- that's its purpose. I left the men who operate San Onofre much assured about nuclear power. They know what they're doing. Instead of turning out mountains of ashes, atomic' power plants produce small volumes of radioactive wastes. These cause a great deal of public scare, largely based on ignorance of how they're handled. Public education on v atomic power is far behind public miseducation on it. Some people imagine vast, quantities of radioactive wastes thrown around loose. The AEC developed the technology to put the wastes into solid glass blocks and store them in the deep, underground tunnels of abandoned salt mines, kept under guard. One day we might put them in abandoned coal mines, just to be properly symoblic. Their total volume is surprisingly small. After 14 years, we have 21 nuclear plants generating just about 8V2 million kilowatts of electricity. All of their accumulated wastes could be put .. in one solid glass block no more than 30 feet on a side—a volume similar to one roomy residential home. These radioactive wastes actually take more volume, because the liquid wastes are highly diluted—for safety. What few people realize, because they have heard so much scare talk about radiation, is that atomic power plants .reduce even the radiation \danger\ from burning coal. Small amounts of natural radium in coal send more radiation into the environment from a coal-burning power plant than a nuclear plant releases. There is no danger, in either case, and' this brings us to con- clusion number five. 5. People who don't know or care what they are talking about are obstructing power development with scare talk and legalistic ploys. The trouble is that after 25 years of atomic energy the public has learned so little about radiation that it is easily scared by perfectly senseless alarmists. There was a hue and cry, two years ago, that the government was villainously endangering the public by allowing a \dangerous\ top limit of 170 millirems a year as the amount of radiation that atomic power plants might add to the ..general environment. The average person doesn't know what a millirem is, or what 170 of them are. To play safe, .we tend to believe that, if someone says on TV or at a public hearing that 170 millirems are too much, he's probably right. This kind of talk if forever bogging down the-public hearings that must precede erecting new power plants. And it is atrocious nonsense. The first 17 nuclear power plants in the U.S. release two one-thousandths of one millirem into the general en- vironment a year. When we have 82 nuclear plants (all those now in operation or under' construction), they will release one one-hundredth of one miUirem to the nation. It will take 17,000 times that to reach the government limit of 170 millirems. • What are 170 millirems a year in terms of life and death? A millirem is an unbelievably tiny amount of radiation. An instantaneous exposure to 450,000 millirems would give you a 50-50 chance of living. The average background radiation in the United States that has probably been with us throughout history is 125 millirems. If you went by land from sea level to Denver, you would increase you dose of cosmic radiation from outer space from 35 millirems to 70 millirems. As we've noted, one can of beer has as much radiation in it as our first 17 nuclear power plants add to our environment in a year. These comparisons could go on en- dlessly. They add up to this: when we have 17,000 times as much general radiation from nuclear plants as the first 82 will give us, we will reach the government limit of 170 millirems. We'll never get there. If we did, it would give each of us 30 millirems less radiation in a year than we get in one second from one chest X-ray. Scare talk about such small amounts of radiation is replete with mention of cancer, leukemia, etc. These are actual dangers from much more massive doses. To give you an ida, the survivors of the atom bomb at Hiroshima were carefully studied. Not one person w'hoM received as much as 125,000 millirems developed leukemia. We probably couldn't build enough nuclear plants in this century to put one millirem into the general environment. There isn't a shred of evidence that there'd be a single health danger if we should generate all the electricity we will ever need from nuclear power. But there is plenty of evidence that air pollution from coal andl oil burners is causing acute respiratory and circulatory seizures. From Los Angeles to Donora, Pa., to London, smog has filled graves. In their immediate vicinity, of course, atomic reactors produce higher radiation than they add to the general level of the nation. It fades rapidly with distance. The AEC once allowed 500 millirems per year as the top limit for the nearest human habitation .to a reactor. They call this the \fencepost\ limit. But since the plants were seldom exceeding one millirem a year at the \fenceposts the legal limit was reduced from a perfectly safe 500 to five. When General Electric recently ad- vertised that its power plant reactors were not exceeding five.millirems per year, it meant at the \fenceposts.\ (Actually, they seldom exceed one \fencepost\ millirem per year.) As GE said, the Statue of Liberty puts out a great deal more. It's easy to see why even five millirems don't bother the employes or the authorities. There's a spot in New York's Grand Central Station where the background radiation is 525 millirems per year. The UN building has areas that put out about 250. In both cases, the increase is from thorium in the granite, which was quarried at Millstone Point, Conn. By sheer coincidence, that is the site of a GE reactor, which will produced far less radiation at the \fenceposts\ than the Millstone Point granite quarry has been putting out for ages without bothing anyone. Another public fear is that by accident a nuclear power plant fuel cell might explode like a bomb. No nuclear scientist would relish being asked to make an atomic explosion with the fuel used in our atomic power plants. It is uranium oxide, whose reaction slows down as it heats up. The bomb designer needs an accelerating reaction, and uses pure uranium metal in order to achieve the critical mass for an atomic ex- plosion. No industry has a better ac- cident record than atomic power. World wide, there have been four serious ac- cidents with reactors. A nuclear ex- plosion was not one of them, and nobody off the premises was harmed by any of them. The red tape that precedes con- struction of a new power plant is un- believable. It allows the most wild-eyed publicity seekers to dominate and delay construction. As many as 45 state, local, county and federal agencies may be required to give approval before a new plant is licensed. Many bureaus hold public hearings, and the hearings of- -ficers have no authority to dismiss frivolous testimony. \Conservationist\ lawyers know this, and can drag hearings out for months or years. These delays tie up millions of dollars in capital and wreck construction schedules and plans, boosting costs and increasing power shortages. These procedures need streamlining. The hearings are to protect the public, but they are so liberal that they are being used to abuse the public. Craig Hosmer, of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee, recently suggested that all witnesses should be heard, but deprived of any power to delay proceedings. \I'm not really sure that the presence of a lot of environmental dilettantes and their hovering legal eagles has ever con- tributed much to nuclear safety or ever will,\ he said. The public needs protection from nuclear accidents and from being abused by overweening and influential corporations. But the machinery should be reshaped so that the country would not be dependent for its electric power on the outcome of legal games played by nonscientists who don't understand the issues they debate. Time is running out on us to provide the electrical power we'll need very shortly to avoid a complex web of disasters. We have the means at hand to provide it, and at the same time strike a lethal blow to pollution-. It'll be a helluva note if self-styled \conservationists \ecologists\ and \environmentalists\ see to it that we end up. crippled for want of power, still depleting our fossil fuels, and still breathing coal and oil pollution. Give Apologies. Bush Asserts WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. Am- bassador George Bush said Thursday night the United States has received \some apologies\ from other nations about the behavior of their delegates during the vote to admit Mainland China to the United Nations. But Bush declined to name the countries which sent apologies. Bush, attending a White House dinner for President Tito of Yugoslavia, told reporters he thought the atmosphere after the U.N. vote Monday night was not as wildly exhuberant as some reports indicated. However, Bush said he thought the over-all mood of the U.N. discussion, which resulted in the expulsion of Tai- wan and the seating of Mainland China, was \clearly hostile to the United Sates.-\ \Everytime I would speak, for in- stance, there were some hisses and boos,\ said Bush. The White House said Wednesday that the \shocking demonstration and un- disguised glee\ shown by some U.N. delegates at the defeat of the U.S. position in seating both Taiwan and Eed China could have a detrimental effect on support for- the world body and on foreign aid to those countries. But Bush said the U.N. decision to throw out Taiwan is \past history.\ He said he looked ahead to what he called the \exciting transition\ when mainland China becomes a U.N. member. \Wewantedthem in,\ said Bush. \We just didn't want the other guy kicked out.\ Bush also said he did not think the United States should cut off funds for the United Nations in retaliation for the ouster of Taiwan. PRINCE PHILIP GIVES UP POLO SPORT LONDON (AP) — Prince Philip is giving up one of the loves of his life-^- polo. Buckingham Palace sources said that at 50 he feels he may be past it. Besides, he has been troubled by nagging wrist trouble. The prince took up the game regularly in 1949 and it has occupied much of his spare time since. He became one of the country's leading players, captaining the exclusive Windsor Park team and playing for -England. But he also developed the wrist trouble and last May he. carried his right arm in a sling because of inflamed membranes. Buckingham Palace said the royal string of polo ponies will be disbanded. Prin'ce Charles, also a polo player, has his own mounts. Mosquitoes in western Siberia this summer caused nervous cattle to .lose, sleep and their ability to give milk. FRANKFURT, Germany (AP) — If you think driving on the Los Angeles Freeway or the Long Island Expressway on a Friday night is hard on the nerves, try the Autobahn in West Germany. Buiiiper-to-bumper traffic zooming along without a speed limit is almost normal. It's almost like playing Russian Roulette with all the chambers loaded. But the West Germans are prepared.' Every few miles along the four-lane super highway, there are aid stations. On weekends, business for the emergency surgeons is especially good. They have portable operating rooms , that can be driven or airlifted by helicopter to the scene of a particularly bad wreck within minutes and the surgeon goes to work on the side of the road. Volunteer patrolmen of the automobile club roar along the road on their yellow motorcycles ready to offer assistance and police in white uniforms driving white Porsches look out for the particularly flagrant violators. But there is no speed, limit arid if you have an Opel that can do only 70 miles an hour, you'd better watch for the blinking lights of the Mercedes that hog the road at speeds of 95 or more. Automobile accidents in 1970 caused more than 19,000 deaths and a half- _ million injuries. The year before, more than 16,500 motorists were killed and in- juries amounted to more than 470,000. With 89,861,000 cars and 19,-138,000 trucks registered in the United States, the National Safety Council recorded 54,800 highway deaths in 1970. There were two million injuries. The latest count by the Ministry of Transport showed 17 million automobiles registered, one for every four West Germans. Joining the 17 million cars on the roads are 1.1 million trucks. This leads at times to mammoth traffic jams, especially during the summer vacation months, when thousands of Scandinavians, Belgians and Dutchmen head for the sunny shores of southern Europe. The Autobahns are the major horth : south routes. The worst nationwide traffic jam in history occurred last July 31. The country's newspapers reported it with boldface headlines as if West Germany had been struck by a major catastrophe. \An avalanche of tin rolls south- ward,\ reported the mass circulation Bildzeitung. The tieup was caused when schools closed in north Germany and the giant Volkswagen works with 140,000 workers shut down for summer vacation. The death toll for that one day along the 2,800 miles of super highways Was recorded at 50 and police said 180 per- sons were seriously injured. There were 830 accidents. The West German government has periodically considered a speed limit for all highways. This was rejected, how- ever, because it was feared that cutting the speeds now would lead to immense congestions because of the lack of main roads. Present planning by the Bonn government Calls for more than 17,000 miles of additional major highways, to be completed by 1985. In the meantime, Transport Minister Georg Leber has announced that he would ask parliamentary approval to establish a 62 ni.p.h. speed limit for all two4ane highways and country fqads. But the majority of West German drivers still are against all speed limits. Red Cross Help Given Servicemen Twenty-five servicemen were given assistance during October, according to Mrs. Una Humbert, executive secretary Of the West St. Lawrence County Chapter, American Red Cross. Eight of these cases involved emergency leave or extension of leave, two servicemen were given financial assistance and the remainder Were reports of deaths of non-immediate family members, health and welfare reports, or problems in family situations. Since July 1, 697 pints of blood have been collected in the chapter area at six bloodmobijes.. Twenty-six hospital donors have been recruited in emergency situations. There is to be a two-day bloodmobile visit at the Agricultural and Technical College, Canton, Nov. 17 and 18 and the next scheduled bloodmobile for Ogdensburg is Dec. 16 at the First Presbyterian Church. Henry Burgess is currently con- ducting a course in first aid for a group of employes at the- Newell Manufac- turing Company. Thomas Sherry has just completed a first aid course for the Rescue Squad in Waddington and a course is being taught for the Rescue Squad in Gouverneur by Leo Knight. Burgess, Sherry and Knight are all authorized Red Cross First Aid Instructors and serve as volunteers. . Drugs and their Abuse is now a part of all Red Cross First Aid training. A booklet is available at the Red Cross office, 402 Ford Street. These are just some of the services provided to the Chapter area through the work of over 600 Red Cross volun- teers, and the financial support of the United Fund. The American Red. Cross, though considered a quasi-Federal Government Agency, receives no financial support from the government and is totally dependent on voluntary contributions to carry on its work. Mrrs. Humbert says \Maybe you don't need our services, but \Help Us Help\ jour neighbors, by supporting the current United Fund campaign.\ ABC-TV \ hasn't made the an- nouncement yet but try these on for size-' • as the regional telecasts for Nov. 13: Cornell-Dartmouth, Kansas-Oklahoma, Arkansas-Southern Methodist and Washington State-Oregon State.