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Ogdensburg journal. (Ogdensburg, N.Y.) 1932-1971, October 21, 1948, Image 1

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Local Highlight Council approves Fire Depart- ments aiding city'* 'neighbors'. Page 5. ®&bm. mtrttal Weather Forecast Fair and cool tonight. Tomor- row increasing cloudiness likely to be followed by rain. Republican Established 1830 Journal Established 1858 6CD£NSBU'RG, N. Y., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1948 Price Five Cents BIG FIVE DECLARE IN FAVOR OF PEACEFUL SETTLEM Dewey Says D.S. Knows Isolation Is Not Possible i New York—(AP) — Gov. Thomas E. D e w e y says the United States has learned \once and for all that there can be no isolation for America.\ This has been taught to the American people, the Republican presidential candidate said last night, by the \bitter sacrifice of two world wars and the anxie- ties of a peace that is not peace.\ Gov. Dewey discussed the sub- ject of isolationism after hearing a Democratic Party leader, speaking for President Truman, charge that \a handful of isola- tionists in high places\ of the Republican-controlled 80th Con- gress \came dangerously close to sabotaging the European Recov- ery effort.\ McGrath Hits Isolationism Sen, J. Howard McGrath, Democratic national chairman, added that \the continuing threat of isolationism is the greatest single obstacle to be overcome.\ He said \it hardly seems neces- sary to remind you where the i threat of isolationism lies,\ and added that \the whole world knows that a Congress dominated by isolationists can sabotage the whole peace machinery.\ Gov. Dewey and McGrath ap- peared as speakers at the New York Herald Tribune's 17th an- nual forum. Dewey spoke after McGrath had discussed the subject of \foreign policy in the campaign.\ Dewey described the United States as the \decisive\ world power and said it would \act de- cisively\ to make the free na- tions of the world \more power- ful than the forces making for war.\ Upholds Truman \Today's despots are under no illusions about the value which, free people place upon freedom,\ he said. \They know that given a free choice no people anywhere will willingly submit to the icy tyranny of the total state.\ McGrath told the forum audi- ence that the following were the \outstanding characteristics of Harry S. Truman's conduct\ of foreign policy: \Patience a firm belief in the practical possibility of lasting peace xxx the steady building of confidence in our purpose\ and insistence on \firmness and strength.\ The Democratic leader said that \every major threat to a just and stable peace can be traced to the unresolved conflict with Communist Russia.\ Co-eds Fed Up With Beer Dates Ithaca—(AP) — Cornell Uni- versity co-eds who say they are \fed up with beering dates\ sug- gest \dating on a less strenuous financial scale.\ A stroll, periods of intelligent conversation, card playing, hik- ing, and \any number of things except beering\ were proposed by girls participating in a broad- cast over the university's radio station. Program moderator Keith N. Sargeant said yesterday that \out of a clear sky, during a broadcast,\ an anonymous co-ed made the suggestion of \dating on a less strenuous financila scale.\ The girl contended that \a majority of Cornell co-eds are 'fed-up' with 'beering dates' and the practice of Cornell men feeling they have to spend a lot of money on us whenever they take us on a date.\ Two Cornell men on the pro- gram admitted the co-eds' reac- tion to tap rooms surprised them. The men said they were willing to try the alternate proposals. \However one commented that \the girls you spend money on are the ones you get the sec- ond date with.\ The other added that \while the girls may be sick of • beering parties, none of his dates have ever shown any aversion to 'ci:::iT.psgne brawls'. \ Continuance Of Greek Aid Program Deemed Necessary Washington—(AP) — Officials said today the Greek military aid program almost certainly would have to be extended an- other year. That would mean asking Con- gress for new fuals to finance n 5--.\ oi.d Gre^i Army offensive next Spring against the coun- try's Communist-led guerrillas. State Department and mili- tary authorities are engaged in a resurvey of the whole Greek situat ; on ReciUt Washington and Ath- ens rt.\» its have said various- ly that the American-support- ed effort to secure Greece against Communist expansion: (A) So far has a \conspicuous success\ and (B\> has not proven entirely satisfactory. One fact which persons of both viewpoints here appear to agree upon is that the task first outlined by President Truman to Congress earrv Jast year is not completed and more money, bariing some unexpected break, v/ill have to be asked of Con- gress at the next session. Estimates are net ready, but some informants said a \wild guess\ was that the Greeks may reed about the rime amount of trap next year as they are get- ting this year. a or the 12 months which be- gan July 1 they ar > receiving between $150,000,000 and St75,- 000,000 out of the $225,000,000 which Congress appropriated for military aid to both Greece and Turkey. It is uncertain yet whether Turkey will require more money, bat officials said the situation there has been great- ly improved. Under the original apnropria tion of $400,000,000 for Greek- Turkish aid last year, Greece received a total of $300,000,000. Of that almost one-half went for economic assistance, the remain- der to build up the Greek Army. Greece now is receiving purely economic aid through the Eu- ropean Recovery Program, The conflict hi reports on the Greek situation began early this month when President Truman reported to Congress on the re- sults of the aid program up to last June 30. While he said much hard fight- ing remained, Truman's letter dated October 4 said the pro- gram had proved a \conspicuous success\ in meeting the mili- tary and economic crisis of the strategic Eastern Mediterran- ean Country. About the same time press dispatches from Athens said there were more, guerrillas op- erating - in Greece than were believed to have been there when tlie Greek Army started its big offensive in the Gram- mos Mountain area last April. wey Will In November Vote Utica — (AP) — Senator Scott Lucas (D-Ill) predicts, defeat for Gov. Thomas E. Dewey Nov. 2. The voters will reject \a nega- tive program such as Governor Dewey has offered,\ Lucas told a rally sponsored last night by the Oneida County Democratic Committee. He said Dewey had a record of \do nothing\ against Commun- ism in New York State which \once again reveals him as a master of double talk.\ The Illinois Senator said that by contrast, President Truman, \this fearless man from Missou- ri,\ has been the \leader of the world in keeping the Communist menace from spreading through- out Europe.\ \I know xxx you are ashamed of the fact that under Dewey's regime, the Communists have in- creased in the state of New York until today they have 30,000 card holders,\ Lucas added. He said the Republican presi- dential candidate had based his campaign on \goodwill and three meaningless nothings.\ Radio Programs Face Strike Threat New York—(AP) — A strike call has been authorized against all radio programs produced by advertising agencies and inde- pendent producers who do not sign contracts with the Radio Writers Guild. Tomorrow midnight has been set as the deadline for signing. Strike action was approved last night by the Guild's parent body, the Authors League of America, headed by Oscar Hammerstein, II. The Guild seeks an agreement providing that a contract would follow upon certification of the guild by the National Labor Re- lations Board. The agencies and producers af- fected say they will, not start ne- gotiations until the guild has won NLRB certification as bargaining agent for the writers. ion To Pick New Commander Miami, Fla. — (AP) — The American Legion elects a new national commander today and concludes its 30th annual national convention. A 55-year-old Beaumont businessman and a 33-year- old Omaha attorney were the leading aspirants to succeed James F. O'Neil as command- er. S. Perry Brown of Beau- mont, Texas, got the hacking of the old guard and his forces claimed enough support tp elect him on the first halhi. He served in both work! wars. James F. Green of Omaha, Neb., was the choice of most World War II delegates and four other former candidates swung their support to him. A third candidate, 39-year- old George Craig of Brazil, Ind., was rated only an out- side chance of election in this afternoon's voting. sze if amazes use Church Syracuse—(AP)—Fire of un- determined origin swept through the 103-year-old St. Joseph's (French) Roman Catholic Church yesterday. Thirteen fire companies brought the flames under control after more than an hour's battle. Fire Chief William J. Connelly •was overcome by smoke but re- turned to duty after being re- vived. The Rev. David J. Norcott, pastor, the Rev. Charles J. Bra- dy, Fire Lt. Patrick Smith and Fireman Henry Joncas rescued the Holy Sacrament from the altar. All wore gas masks. There was no official estimate of the damage. Firemen said water damage throughuot the church was extensive. Chief Connelly said the fire ap- parently had started in a room behind the sanctuary and had fanned upwards. \Never Knew She Had Cancer\ — Actress Elissa Landi, 43, Dies At Kingston Hospital Kingston — (AP) — Elissa Landi, Italian-born actress and novelist, died of cancer today at the age of 43. Miss Landi, reportedly the grand-daughter of empress Eliz- abeth of Austria, died in King- ston hospital, where, she had been a patient for the last 10 days. Her illness previously had been described by her physician only as a \chronic condition.\ Dr. Kenneth Lefever, who an- nounced the cause of death, said the actress \never knew she had cancer.\ Her condition, however, had been known to her family for nine months, he said. He 5 *said that her husband, Cur- tiss Thomas, who was with her when she died, \had done a won- derful job in keeping it from her.\ Miss Landi was an artist of multiple facets, equally success- ful as motion picture and stage star, as a novelist, as a linquist, as a pianist and as a singer. Her varied talents, combined with a subtle blonde beauty, won her praise from both dramatic and literary critics of a half dozen nations. She was born Dec. 6, 1904, in Venice, Italy, the daughter of Austrian ,Count and Countess Zanardi-Landi. She reputedly was the grand- daughter of Empress Elizabeth of Austria, but with a reticence rare in actresses she always re- fused to confirm or deny her royal ancestry. Miss Landi came to the United States in 1931. Prestwick, Scotland — (AP)— A flaming Royal Dutch Airlines (KLM) Constellation crashed in a cow pasture near here today, killing 37 of the 40 persons aboard. Nine of the dead were Americans. The three survivors were Dutch. One American, identified as Matilda Katherine Rohrs at a nearby hospital, died of her in- juries several hours after the crash. The huge lour-engined plane, en route .from Amsterdam, burst into flames after it struck a high tension wire while groping for fogshrouded Prestwick Airport. It crashed near Tarbolton, a few miles ovrtside of Prestwick. The pilot radioed the control tower at the field: \I have hit something. I am going on fire. Attempting to climb, xxx.\ » Nothing more was heard from the plane. Identification of the victims, some burned beyond recognition, had not been completed by mid- morning. Only six persons got out of the flaming wreck alive and three of them died a few hours later of burns and other injuries. The five survivors were reported seriously injured. Earlier it had been reported that the death toll was 34, but another name subsequently was added to the passenger list. The plane carried 30 passengers and 10 crew members. Two of the 40 persons aboard apparently jumped out seconds before the plane plunged into the pasture. One body was found a mile from the wreckage. USS Sable Heads For Scrap Yard Humberstone, Ont. — (AP)— The 500-ton former U.S.S. Sable, used on the Great Lakes in World War II as a naval aircraft train- ing ship, moved slowly today toward a Hamilton scrap yard. Tugs guided her through the Welland Canal, which she en- tered yesterday. The ship's beam was sheared 28 feet and 50 feet of the stern- end flight deck was removed to permit passage through the can- al. There is only a five-foot clearance on each side in the canal's eight locks. The ship, built, as the S.S. Greater Buffalo, made her maid- en voyage in 1925 from Detroit, Mich., to Buffalo, N. Y. as part of the Detroit & Cleveland Navi- gation Co. passenger fleet. The U. S. Navy took over the ship in 1942. Test Your Wits How's your IQ? Now you can give yourself a checkup. Beginning today the Journal starts a series of puzzlers de- signed to give the reader a chance to exercise his wits. See page 4 for the first of these spurs to mental calis- thenics. Try them on the kids, if you're not afraid of being outguessed! Russia Accused ocking run Election Berlin— ( AP ) —Col. Frank L. Howley, U.S. Commandant of Berlin, accused his Russian counterpart today of blocking city wide elections to \save the Communists from overwelm- ing defeat and condemna- tion.\ Prospects for an all-Berlin city election, scheduled Dec. 5, faded with an announcement by the Soviet Commandant of condi- tions which must be met before he will agree to citywide voting. Outlines Conditions The Soviet Commandant, Maj. Gen. Alexander Kotikov, laid down the conditions in a letter to Berlin's acting mayor, who had asked approval of election procedures similar to that al- ready extended by the Western Powers. Howley commented: \In the light of what he and the German Communists already have said, this is just his way of saying 'no.' \As for all the strings he at- taches and the rest of his double talk, it's the same type of obvious soapbox oratory he has been giv- ing us for years and it does not deserve comment. The people of Berlin will understand that very well. Don't Bare Submit \Kotikov has always opposed elections until, as he once said in the Allied Kommadatura Tm sure the reactionaries won't win.' However, we got elections for Berlin in October, 1946, when the Western Powers took the is- sue all the way up to the Allied Control Council for Germany and there — over Kotikov's head —got the Russians to agree. The result was that the people of Berlin rejected the Communists, x x x if elections were held to- day the Commirnists would be lucky to get three or four per cent of the vote. \The Communists don't dare submit to an election and take the overwhelming condemnation the people of Berlin would give them. They would prefer rather to hire a few people to go down to city hall and riot and beat up elected representatives of the people.\ eeos Vigil rogans Atlanta — (AP) — A pair of old, worn out shoes have brought widespread notoriety to a lop- eared brindle pup here. The shoes are down by the rail- road tracks, and the brindle pup watches over them as zealously as if they were the best dog bis- cuits in the world. The pup has guarded them for more than three days. Members of a construction gang tosses the pup food, which he eats\ but he comes up fighting whenever a move is made to touch the shoes. The pup's picture was taken and publicized, and a call was sent out for the anonymous own er of the shoes to come around and get his pup. W. H. Phillips, a member of the construction gang, says he's afraid the dog-catcher might show up and take the pup away. \We've called the pup every- thing in the book, but he don't answer\\ Phillips said yesterday. \He just lies there and grieves— until somebody makes a move toward those shoes.\ California Limited Reported Wrecked Garden City, Kas. — (AP) — The Santa Fe's eastbound Cali- fornia Limited was reported wrecked today six miles east of here near Mansfield. Ambulances were sent to the scene. The Santa Fe office had re- ceived no details of the wreck, other than its location, Santa Fe general offices at Topeka said G. C. Jefferis, gen- eral manager at Amarillo, re- ported \some people were in- jured\ but that he had no fur- ther information about casual- ties. \Twelve of 14 cars were de- railed but-the engine and last two cars remained on the track,\ the Santa Fe said. Beersheba Seized By Israel's Troops Tel Aviv, Israel—(AP)—Beer- sheba, mother city of the Arab race, was occupied today by Is- raeli forces after a bitter battle, a Jewish army spokesman an- nounced. The battle raged even as Isra- el's cabinet notified the United States its troops would quit the fighting in the Negev Desert area of Southern Palestine 12 hours after it was assured by the Unit- ed Nations that the Egyptians also would cease fire. The fighting will continue meanwhile, a spokesman said. He indicated Gaza, capital of the Palestine Government pro- claimed by the Arabs, was among the goals of the Israeli southern offensive. Egyptian planes bombed the Tel Aviv area today, only a few hours after Israel's decision on the cease fire. Beersheba, in South Palestine, was the southernmost extremity of the Holy 'Land of Bible days. The Egyptians, bombed for five days straight in the South, struck back before dawn. Some bombs hit inside the blacked out Israeli capital. U.N. observers said no casualties were reported. Two Egyptian planes apparently swept over the coastal area just after 3 a.m. The Israel Government met for seven hours during the night, deliberating on the hour at which a truce in the South Palestine fighting could become effective. The cease fire was ordered by the United Nations Security Council. The Cabinet adjourned only a short time before the Egyptian bombers reached the area. The Government did not reach agreement on fixing the hour at which troops should stop fighting in the battle for Negev Desert. (Egypt has announced readi- ness to accept the U.N. order). An Israeli Army spokesman denied reports published here that a cease fire already had been ordered, the Cabinet was to reconvene today to make the de- cision. There was no information dur- ing the morning on what fighting was going oh now in the Negev. Quick End To Revolt Seen As Korean Army Closes In On Rebels, Blocks Escape Seoul—(AP)—Korean Army units closed in on insurgents in the southern mountains tonight, and a high source predicted a quick end to the revolt. Within -48 hours, the Govern- ment scource predicted, 1,300 rebels in the mountains will be captured. And in four\ days or less the cities of Yosu, southern springboard of the insurrection, and Sunchon, will be retaken by the Government, he said. The cabinet of President Syng- man Rhee lifted martial law in all of the republic except North- ern and Southern Cholla prov- inces. A United States offer of ad- ditional material was rejected by the cabinet\ on the ground the sit- uation is under control, the Gov- ernment source said. Loyal troops sealed off the rebels on the southern end of the peninsula by quick action. Army units moved on the insurgents from four directions and blocked escape by sea from the harbor of Yosu. Spreading from Yosu yester- day, the insurgents swept through Sunchon, 20 miles northward, and moved on Namwon, 30 miles beyond. Between the two points a loyal force intercepted some of the rebels and put them to flight after a fight. Near Namwon the insurgent force split. Its strength was es- timated at 4,000 after the originai rioters were joined by freed communist prisoners and some civilians—some of the rebels, carrying red flags, reportedly took to the hills near Namwon and another segment headed to- ward Kwangju, capital of South Cholla Province. Paris — (AP) — Ten French coal mines have been flooded and one set afire by the neglect of strikers, the Interior Ministry charged today. There were reports of new clashes between police and pickets as the police used tear gas in clearing the way to pit- heads. Violence was said to have erupted again at the Combefort mine near St. Etienne and at La Grancombe in south central France. More troops rushed to trouble spots in that section. The strike began Oct. 4. Viol- ence flared this week when Communist union leaders ordered maintenance crews to abandon mine pumps and ventilators. The flooded mines are in cen- tral and south central France. In the north, where two-thirds of the country's coal is found, the mines are dry. But there the neglect of mine security services has created the danger of coal- damp explosions. Dockers Strike Belfast, Northern Ireland — (AP) — Fifteen hundred dock- ers struck today because the Government won't let them pay their income tax through weekly payroll deductions. Paying once a year, leaders of the unofficial one-day demon- stration said, leaves most work- ers flat around income tax time. — He'll Stick To His Beat— Reporter Enters Lion Cage, Jr inds our l^at« Troy—(AP)—A reporter who visited seven lions in their cage says \the big cats are not good company.\ George Yamin, 24, of the Troy Record- said he went into the cage yesterday to get a \differ- ent kind of story for my paper,\ and to \find out what it would be like.\ Emerging from the enclosure eight minutes later, Yamin said \I found out, and I'm scared stiff.\ He reported that Dick Clem- ens, the lion tamer, \was reluct- ant to let me in.\ \He had reason to be. His left arm still bore a gash inflicted a week ago by one of the seven lions.\ However, the reporter was per- mitted to enter the cage before the regular performance of the circus, a Shriner's benefit for underprivileged children. Of course, Clemens went into the cage first,\ Yamin said. \When I thought he had the cats quieted down, I made my entry —right past a gateman with one arm. How he lost it, I doh't know but I had visions.\ Yamin continued: \Clemens took me to the cen- ter of the cage, an a:sm's length from 'Big Boy,' his largest, lion. I approached the beast. The lion roared, showing his teeth. One of them was missing. \xxx Clemens said to me: 'The doctors found that tooth in my leg.' \ After leaving the cage, Yamin decided to stick to reporting. » lexican Proposal Paris—(AP)—The five hlg powers today declared them** selves in favor of settling their differences peacefully. While the Security Council's six neutrals polished their new formula for settling the Berlin, crisis, the \Big Five\ announced support of a Mexican resolution appealing to them to settle their differences. Russia c and France supported the idea conditionally; the U. S., Britain and China made no res- ervations at the beginning of the debate in the 58-nation Political Committee. Dulles Agrees John Foster Dulles of the United States, in his first speech at this U.N. session, pledged \re- newed efforts\ to reach agree- ment with, the other big powers. Dulles agreed with the Mexican proposal, which, said the great, powers had a special responsibil- ity to the world as a result of their strength and importance. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minis- ter Andrei Y. Vishinsky and France's Maurice Couve De Mur- ville approved the principles of the resolution but said it should be amended. Vishinsky said the Mexican \wording is not quite satisfac- tory.\ Britain's Sir Hartley Shawcross said the big powers should give more than just \lip service\ to the Mexican proposal. He pledged his country to show \good will, tolerance and pa- tience\ in. efforts to- reach a solu- tion, of \all the problems now before the world.\ Exchange Compliments As the debate wound up, Shaw- GIOSS said Vishinsky had beer* \so kind.\ Vishdnsky said Com- mittee Chairman Paul - Henri Spaak of Belgium Jbad \been so good.\ The Mexican resolution was sent to a drafting subcommittee for preparation of a final test. Informed sources agreed mean- while that the neutral formula for solving the Berlin crisis had at least a slim chance of, suc- cess. An official American spokes- man told a news coreference the new compromise was \accept- able\ and \satisfactory.\ He said the \Little Six\ had tackled the Berlin problem \in a very constructive and statesmanlike manner.\ He added a warning, however, against too much optimism until the Russian attitude became known. The neutrals' plan was submit- ted to the Big Four powers last night and will be presented to the Security Council as a draft- resolution tomorrow. To Confer On Proposal Western sources said privately the American, British and French delegates probably would meet today on the proposal. Neutral sources said the reso- lution provided for: 1. An appeal to the four pow- ers to make no move which might lead to war. 2. A call to Russia to lift the Berlin blockade. 3. The four powers to put into action the Moscow Pact making the Soviet-sponsored mark Ber- lin's sole currency under four- power' control. 4. Raising the blockade witiiin 48 hours after approval of the resolution. The Foreign Ministers Council to meet immediately aft- erward to discuss all German problems. The proposal, ©limaxing two weeks of behind - the = scenes maneuvers won qualified accept- ance as a basis for discussion from both sides. Ropes Deer Laramie, Wyo. = (AP) =- J. H. Starr, a rancher, shot at a deer and missed yesterday—so he lassoed it. Starr missed the five point buck from 75 yards. Discarding his gun, he got on his horse, un- coiled a lariat and roped the deer. GLANCING INSIDE Page Liocal News .4, 5 & 16 Entertainments 2 Sports Editorial Classified, radio Comics ~ >» m rt »« we *M*7> t n „.....14 is

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