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Ogdensburg journal. (Ogdensburg, N.Y.) 1932-1971, August 25, 1948, Image 1

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f H KILBU CRAVES, LIVINGSTON WIN PRIMARY FIGHTS Local Highlight Di*trict-by-diftrict itory -«f altar's primary vote. Page 3 Weather Forecast Fair and warm tonight; fair and quite warm tomorrow. Bepublle-n Istoblla-ed 18M journal established 1856 OGDENSBURG, N. Y., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 25, 1948 Price Five Cents Russia Severs All Consular Ties With America Incumbents Heacf Victory Parade In State Vot e Lomakin Ouster Spurs Sudden Soviet Reaction Moscow — (AP) — The Russian Government, reacting y sharply to the expulsion of the Soviet Consul General from New York, chopped off all consular ties with the Unite- States today. The action entails the closing of Russian consulates in New York and San Francisco, the ¥ closing of a United States consu- late m Vladivostok and the void- ing of an agreement granting the United States the right to open a consulate in Leningrad. It grew out of what has be- come known as the Kasenkina Affair, the case of a Russian school teacher, now in New York hospital, who has been the sub- ject of an international tug-of- • war on the highest diplomatic levels. The U. S. State Department, on Aug. 19, asked the Russian Gov- ernment to recall Jacob M. Lom- akin, the Soviet consul general in New York, because of his ac- tivities in the Kasenknia case. To Leave Saturday (Lomakin is scheduled to start home Saturday. The U. S. note informed the Russian Govern- ment that Mrs. Kasenkina would not be turned over to Russian authorities against her will and rejected contentions that she had been kidnapped. ^ In the hospital 4 she has refused to see Soviet au- thorities. She scheduled a news conference yesterday but it was cancelled when she became ex- hausted by the preparations. The Soviet reply, as published by Tass, categorically rejected the United States contention that Lomakin and other Soviet offi- cials had exceeded their legal rights in the cases of Mrs. Ok- 4 sana Kasenkina and Mikhail I. Saharin, another Russian school teacher in the United States. (Both teachers were in the United States as instructors of children of Soviet officials and decided against returning to Rus- sia.)' \The actions and statements of the Soviet Government and its ^ official representatives in the United States in the affair of Kasenkina and Samarin fully correspond to the lawful interests of the Soviet Union in defense of its citizens from criminal in- fringements on their freedom and civil rights,\ the note said. Violations Cited _ \The Soviet government con- siders that during the most re- cent period in the United States circumstances have been creat- ed under which normal fullfill- ment by Soviet consulates in the United States of their functions has become impossible. \In the note of the State De- partment of Aug. 19 it is appar- ent that the Government of the United States not only does not intend to stop those actions of American administrative author- ities by whom such circumstanc- es—to the degree that American police invaded the Soviet consu- late in New York on Aug. 12-- * are being created, but in fact justifies such clear violations,\ (New York police entered the Consulate on Aug. 12, the day Mrs. Kasenkina jumped from a third floor window of the build- ing. She was taken to a hospital by the police.) Devise New Test For Newborn Babies Blood Condition Buffalo — (AP) — A new, quick and simple test for a dan- gerous condition in the blood of newborn infants was shown to _>] blood specialists today. It deals with the RH factor. This is a substance found in the blood of about .85 per cent of all -humans. They are RH positive people. The rest don't have it, and are RH Negative. The test tells whether an RH postive baby is in danger from RH antibodies formed in the vr mother's blood. Such antibodies can attack the baby's blood cells, destroying them. Frequently, in Hiss Confronts Chambers; Perjury Trial 'Certainty' Washington — (AP) — Alger Hiss and his accuser, Whittaker Chambers, confronted t each oth- er in the congressional spy hear- ings today and were told that \certainly\ one will be \tried for perjury.\ The statement came from Chairman J. Parnell Thomas (R- NJ) of the house UnAmerican Activities Committee. Slowly, solemnly, Thomas said: \As a result of these hearings certainly one of these witnesses will be tried for perjury.\ Perjury is lying when under oath to tell the truth. Conviction would carry a possible jail sen- tence. Hiss, former State Department official, and Chambers, now a senior editor of Time Magazine, have told the committee widely varying stories. What Thomas' statement im- plied was this: the committee in- tends to make a decission which one is lying and seek action against him in the courts. The 43-year-old Hiss was sworn in as the first witness im- mediately after Thomas' state- ment. Hiss then publicly admitted for the first time that he once had known Chambers, but said it was under the name of George Crosley. At previous hearings, Cham- bers has accused Hiss of being a member of a red underground in \Washington in the 1930s. Hiss has denied it. Hiss also once tes- tified publicly that he never knew Chambers. But since then, Hiss has told the Committee in a closed door session that he did know Chambers under the name of Crosley. With Hiss under oath, Robert E. Stripling, chief investigator for the Committee, turned to Chambers, who was sitting be- hind one of the press tables. \Mr. Chambers,, will you stand up?\ Stripling saiid. Turing back to Hiss, the inves- tigator inquired: \Mr. Hiss, have you ever seen this Individual who is standing?\ \I have sir,\ Hiss answered. Hiss said he knew Chambers as George Crosley in the winter of 1934 or 1935. He said he last saw Chambers in 1935. A moment later, Chambers said he last saw Hiss in 1938. Chambers said he was a Com- munist from 1924 to 1937 and knew Hiss as a member of the Washington underground. Hiss, former high State Department official who now heads the Car- negie Endowment for Interna- tional Peace, said he never was a red and was never even tainted with Communism. The committe established one thing when it brought the two together in a New York hotel room last week — they knew each other in the past. So it is sure one or the other is lying, that there is no case of mistaken identity. The purpose of today's meet- ing was to try to find out which one has related the correct story. Jittery Germany Has 2 More Zonal Affrays Berlin—(AP)—Two more shooting affrays at zonal frontiers have punctuated the East-West tug-of-war in Germany, police re-' ported today. Both victims were Germans. Living Costs Hit New High Washington — (AP) — Your living costs have skydocketed to a new record high, the Govern- ment said today. This means an automatic, three-cents-an-hour pay hike for some 265,000 General Motors em- ployes. But for them and other wage earners the price picture painted by two federal agencies also means that: 1. It took $21.68 in June to buy the same food items that cost $10 back in 1935-39. 2. For a family of three that amounted to a $705 yearly \mar- ket basket\ outlay as compared to the $695 rate in January and the World War 1 peak of $615 in June, 1920. 3. The price chart of all the things that make up the daily budget hit a new top of f73.7 on July 15. This is the Consumers' Price Index figured by the Bureau of Labor Statistics on a 1935-39 base of 100. It now stands 9.7 per cent higher than a year ago, 30.3 per cent above June, 1946, when most OPA controls were abandoned, and 76.2 high- er than pre-war August, 1939. German police headquarters for Western Berlin said persons in Russian uniform shot and wounded a German woman last night at boundary dividing the western zones of Berlin from the surrounding Soviet Occupation Zone. The cause was not known. Bavarian - border authorities said German police from' the Russian Zone shot and killed a German agent of the American Army Monday. They said the incident occured at Fuerth Amsberg, near Coburg, a Bavarian town in the Ameri- can Zone. It lies across the bor- der from Thuringia, in the Rus- sian Zone. The Bavarians said a man, whom they described as having many aliases, entered the Rus- sian Zone Monday night to pick up \information material.\ They said he worked for the U. S. Army's Intelligence Service, but did not disclose the nature of his information. They said the Russian Zone police wounded him with one shot and he staggered across the border into the American Zone and went to an Inn. Thuringian police followed him over the border, entered the inn and demanded the wounded man be turned over to them. Bavarian police opposed them. The Bavarians seized one Thuringian policeman, who still is being held, and the others fled. Bavarian authorities said American officials took the wounded agent to a hospital, where he died yesterday. — Spring Victory Remembered — Dewey Plans Oregon Visit On Campaign Tour Of West Pawling — (AP) —^ Gov. Thomas E. Dewey was reported today to be planning a swing into Oregon when his campaign for the presidency takes him into the Far West. The Republican presidential nominee's itinerary has not been announced yet. In fact, the par- ty's national committee still is at work lining up dates and places for speeches. But friends of the New York Governor told a reporter that Dewey has a soft spot in his heart for Oregon and that a cam- paign speech some place in the state is almost certain. It was in the Oregon primary last spring that Dewey's political fortunes hit the upgrade after a 16 Americans Die In Honolulu Crash Hickam Field, Hawaii — (AP) —Sixteen airmen died last night in the twisted, burned wreckage of an Okinawa bound Superfortress that crashed in one of the islands'' worst peace- time air disasters. Four others were burned seri- ously. One of the big bomber's four engines conked out three min- utes after it took off from Bar- ber's Point on another leg of its far eastern hop from the 98th Bomber Group's base at Spok- ane, Wash. The pilot was ordered to land at the municipal airport, which adjoins Hickam Field. The Superfort came in at an altitude of 150 feet and missed the municipal airport. The pilot banked the plane in an attempt to circle and bring it back in but a wing caught a transport plane parked on a Hickam Field taxi- way. The Superfort crashed into a concrete power substation and exploded. The crash put out all of the field's lights momentarily but emergency lights flashed on as firefighters reached the flam- ing wreckage. Witnesses said the four sur- vivors either jumped or were thrown free from the wreckage. They were rushed to Tripler Army General Hospital where doctors said their condition was serious. Names of the dead and injured were withheld by the air force pending notification of kin. pair of reverses which had the makings of disaster. When Dewey went into Ore- gon he had been soundly trounced in the Wisconsin pri- mary by Harold E. Stassen. The former Governor of Minnesota also had defeated him in Nebras- ka. Dewey went into the Oregon primary knowing, his friends say, that he had to win to stay in the race for the GOP nomina- tion. He did win, after a whirl- wind- campaign. Then came the Philadelphia Convention and the New Yorker's nomination on the third ballot. Dewey himself has made it plain that he intends to cam- paign in the Far West. Newton, N. J. — (AP) — Six U. S. Air Force enlisted men, en route to a religious conference, and three crew members of a C- 47 transport were killed yester- day after the big plane swooped out of a cloud bank and collided with a B-25. The disabled C-47 plummeted to the ground near this northwest New Jersey community, crashed and burned. The B-25, a wing tip sheared and its three-man crew unaware of the disaster, returned safely to its Stewart Field, N. Y., airbase. Crewmen of the B-25 said they had been cruising at an altitude of about 7,000 feet when the transport zoomed out of a cloud. They reported a \not.too severe jolt.\ Action Believed To Mark Finish Of Teachers Cases Washington — (AP) — A Soviet-ordered halt of all con- sular dealings between United States and Russia wrote an ap- parent end today to the case of the refugee school teachers. The Kremlin's decision to close its diplomatic outposts in New York and San Francisco' and to deny this country similar facili- ties in Vladivostok and Lenin- grad came suddenly but not un- expectedly. It was relayed to the S ( tate De- partment last night in-a note re- jecting- United States protests against foreign \police power\ activities involving Mrs. Oksana E. Kasenkina. Mrs. Kasenkina is the 52-year- old Russian school teacher who leaped from a third story win- dow of the New York Consulate after her \rescue\ from a White Russian retreat. The frantic efforts of Soviet Consul General Jacob Lomakin to send her home, along with teacher Mikhail I. Samarin and his family, led to a caustic ex- change of diplomatic notes. Calls Bet And Raises This exchange was climaxed on the American side last week by a decision to expel Lomakin. Russia called that bet last night and raised. ( Not only will Lomakin be go T ing home Saturday, but the two consulates the Soviets have maintained in this country will be shut down immediately. Furthermore, the United States will have to give up its consulate in Vladivostok. And. the year- old agreement calling for an American consulate in Lenin- grad no longer holds. That means that aside from Russia's United Nations staff in New York, the only diplomatic contact between the two coun- tries will be through their re- spective embassies. However, if the Soviet intent was to create a stir of official ex- citement here, there was no evi- dence that the move had suc- ceeded. ' The main function of consu- lates is to handle trade details. But since March American ship- ments to Russia have dwindled to the vanishing point because of rigid export controls. Rejects All Attempts And so far as the Vladivostok consulate is concerned, officials have taken a dim view of such Soviet tactics as brilliant flood- lighting to make sure any after- dark callers can be positively identified. One effect of last night's Rus- sian move appeared to dash any lingering hopes of an expanded American embassy staff in Mos- cow. Russia to date has rebuffed all attempts to augment the 125 or so Americans attached to the em- bassy. The answer, as in the case of the long-dormant Leningrad agreement, usually has been that housing and other facilities are inadequate. - Winners In Primary Baby Sitter Called To Help Out Judge East Aurora —-(AP) — Police Justice Burke I. Burke \was asked to hold midnight court for a motorist. \I can't leave the house,\ said the judge. \I'm home alone with the children.\ A few minutes later, a police car appeared with a baby sitter. Judge Burke heard the traffic case. JOHN J. LIVINGSTON CLARENCE E. KILBURN World Church Council Sits Down To Heavy Discussion, Of Steps To Advance Peace Amsterdam, The Netherlands—(AP)—The East=West conflict has brought the World Council of Churches to its feet. What are the churches going to do about it? Delegates have listened for three days to introductory speeches. conculding the first part of this church assembly. They have heard agreement on the futiHty of war and the need for peace. Conflicting East and West views have been voiced. Today they got down to brass tacks in perhaps the most vig- orous and heated discussions of the assembly to see what steps the churches can take to ease a world situation which has boiled up to crisis at Berlin. Some of the world's leading churchmen go behind closed doors to work out a composite, if not a unified, view as the basis for a significant church pronouncement on East - West differences. For practical work of the as- sembly, the delegates have been divided into four main groups concerned- with the church's \message to major problems in the contemporary world.\ The group concerned with \the church and international disor- der\ has emerged as the most important of these. 'Unqestioliably the most in- tense thought and vigorous dis- cussion will center upon the so- called East-West confrontation,\ said Dr. Henry Pitney Van Due- sen, president of the faculty of Union Theological Seminary in New York, speakeing for the as- sembly. \Here members will seek both for fuller critical under- standing of the issues and for steps which the churches might take toward easing the prob- lem.\ The section on \the church and international disorder\ also will consider questions of hu- man rights and freedoms, relig- ious liberty and situations of crisis and tension in many parts of the world. Western Milk Price Boosted Albany—-(AF)—Western New York dairymen will receive an additional 40 cents a hundred- weight for the Class 1 fluid, milk they market during the next four months. The increase is expected to add one cent a quart to the current 22-cent price of milk delivered to Western New York homes. The State Department of Agri- culture announced yesterday it had approved the boost of from $5.80 a hundredweight (about 47 quarts) to $6.20 for the remain- der of the year in the Buffalo and Rochester marketing areas. The class 2-A fluid cream price paid producers in the two areas will go up to $4.45 a hun- dredweight. This is an increase of 15 cents in Rochester and 30 cents in Buffalo for each 100 ponds of milk used in producing cream. Dairymen have approved the increase. The departement, in announc- ing the new rates, said it recog- nized the \need for encouraging the production of milk during the fall months when production is at the seasonal low point.\ The increases are \entirely justified by production costs, and to prevent diversion of milk from these markets to other markets offering higher rates,\ the Department said. Minesweeper Robin Visiting Toronto Toronto — (AP) — The U.S. Navy minesweeper Robin, with a crew of three officers and 40 men from Watertown is visiting Toronto on a training cruise. The minesweeper is com- manded by Lt. Merle E. Hagen, USNER. The crew is from the Naval Reserve Division at Wa- tertown. — Sermon Stirs Up Government Investigation — FBI Probes Complaint That Minister Urged Men Not To Sign Up For Draft Albany—(AP) .— The Federal Bureau of Investigation was called upon today to' investigate a complaint, that a Methodist minister had urged koung men not to register for the draft. U. S. Attorney Irving J. Higbee said at Syracuse that he had asked the FBI to join in the probe. Higbee was asked to\ in- vestigate by Brig. Gen. Ames T. Brown, state director of selec- tive service. v The Rev. Ernest R. Bromley expressed his views on the peace- time draft in a sermon delivered Sunday at Grace Methodist Church, Nassau, where he was guest preacher. He repeated the appeal yesterday. In Washington, selective serv- ice officials said that any person speaking against the law might be liable to prosecution. Justice Department officials declined to comment on possible applica- tions of the law. Bromley termed the Selective Service Act \a huge and tragic step toward war, dictatorship and catastrophe.\ He said he be- lieved civil disobedience was the only way to prevent another war. The 36-year-old minister is spending the Summer at Nassau. He and his wife came to the tiny Rensselaer County community last May as caretakers of a Nas- sau home. Higbee said he would \investi- gate and take appropriate ac- tion,\ but declined to comment further on the minister's re- marks,* __—. _~- —•—__ Selective service officials in Washington quoted Section 12 of the draft law which states that \any person or persons who shall knowingly hinder or inter- fere or attempt to do so in any way with the administration of this title or the rules or regula- tions made pursuant thereto\ may be liable to five years im- prisonment, or $10,000 fine, or both. * However, they emphasized that it was up to the Justice De- partment to decide whether a person might be liable for prose- cution. The Rev. Robert Fillmore, pas- tor of the Nassau, church, has disclaimed responsibility for Bromley's remarks. By Bart Bardossf Rep. Clarence E. Kilburn led the parade of incumbents renominated for office in yes- terday's state primaries by roll- ing up a 2-1 margin over the challenger, Grant F. Daniels, in. the 34th District GOP contest. Also successful was Paul D. Graves' bid for GOP nomination, to a State Senate seat. The Gouv- erneur candidate defeated Harry Bullard of Potsdam in the 29th Senatorial District. In St. Lawrence County, John. J. Livingston turned back a strong drive by Acting Judge Donald E. Sanford to -win the GOP nomination for county judge. District Attorney Arthur B. Hart, Gouverneur, finished a poor third behind the Ogdens- burg contenders. Seven Challenged Elsewhere in the state seven members of the House challenged for renomination won handily in light balloting. Daniels, member of a promin- ent Ogdensburg family and now a resident of Massena, ran up an imposing vote total of 1355 here as against 512 cast for the Malone Congressman. Daniels also won handily in St. Lawrence County, getting 6,216 votes as against Kil- burn's 3,856. Elsewhere in the district, how- ever, Kilburn managed to build up a winning lead. In Franklin County Kilburn polled 3,152 votes, Daniels 453. Kilburn's mar- gins were less impressive in Jef- ferson, Lewis and Herkimer County but averaged 2-1. In Watertown, Jefferson Coun- ty hub, Kilburn carried the city by approximately 150 votes. Bullard, a businessman and newcomer to politics, made a strong run against Graves, who entered the race when his mother, Senator Rhoda Fox Graves, de- clined to run for another _ term. Graves margin of victory in St. Lawrence County was approxi- mately 1,895 votes. He polled a 5,999 total as against 4,104 for Bullard. In the other county com- prised in the 39th District, Frank- lin, Graves racked up 1,955 votes, Bullard 1,593. Bullard carried Ogdensburg by ten votes, polling £22 as against 912 for Graves. Makes Strong Bun The race for county judge proved the keenest of the day. Livingston's edge in the total county vote was only 199. He pulled 3,767 votes as against 3,- 568 for Sanford and 2,522 for Hart. Livingston carried Ogdensburg. with 1011 votes. Sanford received 802 and Hart 103. In the November election, Kil- burn will be opposed by Francis K. Purcell (D) and Raymond Bull (ALP). Graves will be op- posed by Arthur J. Tyo (D) of Ogdensburg. Livingston will run against John D. VanKennen (D) of Ogdensburg. Elsewhere in the state, the As- sociated Press reported, Repre- sentatives Daniel A. Reed of Dunkirk, W. Sterling Cole of Bath, Mrs. Katherine St. George of Tuxedo Park, John C. Butler of Buffalo, Republicans, and Don- old L. O'Tolle, James J. Heffer- man, and Joseph Pfeifer, Brook- lyn, Democrats, were also re- nominated. * Other state senators who thrust aside primary foes included Hen- ry A. Wise of Watertown, Thom- as F. Campbell of Schenectady, Edmund P. Radwan of Buffalo, and George R. Pierce of Olean. Among assemblyman who sur- vived primary duels were Harry A. Reoux of Warren County. Lawrence Van Cleef of Seneca, Richard H. Knaut of Broome, Jacob Hollinger of Niagara, Leo Noonan of Cattaraugus and Wil- liam Doige of Franklin, all Re- publicans, and Philip J, Schup- ler, Brooklyn Democrat. Rep. Vito Marcantonio won the American Labor Party nomina- tion in the 18th district without a contest. A move to write his name in on Republican and Dem- ocratic ballots did not endanger the regular candidates of those parties. Marcantonio got 10 votes on the Republican ballot against 2,400 for John Ellis and 126 Democrat- ic writeihs against 7,942 votes for John P. Morrissey. Nominated also by the ALP without opposition was Rep. Led Isacson of a - Bronx district, whose foe next fall—Democratic (continued on page 3) GLANCING INSIDE Page Local News 2, 3 & S Entertainments ...,...,.« — 2 Classified, radio —•..*—»— 5 ; V Sports .4 Editorial 6 Comics -., E* • *_£** •' t*\ _!\ 'iiUiilK'* 'Reader\

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