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Rochester telegraph. (Rochester) 1818-1830, January 20, 1827, Image 2

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offer SI fe*v # - V i i ^ t n iittti^t 4 q '' lJtf.Mt>J'te«i:of^^ 1 4o o o i the coiOmitt«e e lie# for l have <ja , prcteiiaioostpefato % I rise hrt4hr spme fteharr^^^^ . , , ... ,- dimaencei y # , at th« sswe. titee, wrjtii p^iaviftgs of Uie lahouring classes ; there ' ippie degr'ep'of ephfiaence, when I per^ , ohiVe that | ant addre|isitig a qbiufflittee, a ., la^otitjr of ;‘v*hoip Is icoihboseti of plain . atifl iijiieUigierit farntiei's' and . iPeehauics 5 ■flieti llke.hii^self, jftho haye obt lieen edii- qated a fth e sq I joq I o fa Jpertjpstlienes or a ' ^iceref rrtfep M fi sen^e,. the best who iviU 4tily £ippr$- >c!afethedi?e^^^^ TOder' which f la- hoiir. w thplearnfiAgeptTetnen. 0 cpmmiHfee, t h will arises b what means is best calculated to throyr' th e tnaittle: iof c h arity over a iy im - consign tQ.ohlivioh a n y affo rd: the necessary protection ? lanswet sir, and' I answer trulyj tliat the only and eiyprt^tivriay fhifi^ conrse of nieans withih the reach pf the Jtny remarks. JSrothihgr sir>, but 8: the to lik e the flop on this occasiohj agt hivihgheen hoapure^^ appoint meat pfchairirhaii of th.e coihinittee that 'reported the hUl Jio# in eOnsideratipn> an ihcumbdnit dnty deyplres oh me tploffec; seme adilitipnaL reason why this project is just and expedient. Indeed} sir, J cannot ieronin sileht whejv I fake into consideiyi^ ;.tioji; the itnportance « f the ^bill', and ''‘tl)f? deepihti^tdsta&d anxious solie^^ prijiy eonstnuents for it* success, • * ' J have flattered hiyseif, and still d o ’i *heris:li a hope, that this committee vyill ytchnWledge the justice of oyr cl^tgi and promptly'pass this bilf; for a.jnarehlghtr eons appUcatihri has jaeverheehpreseniccf it is wUhiu the legiti- fortli'e cdnsideratioaof thelegbiawim^ It . .< .... . . will readily be admitted,■''aud isf^dniittod by all vyith whom;^l haye coriv'erhed,’ that the sou th westeim sections o f the; sjtaid are ^destitute off those faeilities t ill traftsporfa- tlpA of their produce to mai-ket, which •thoid bordering on the grand danal so bigii- ly enjoy. The time has been vvhen the north was.equally destitute of a market; . we knoiy the value of such privileges bv the want of them, N I win ash the gentlemen from that re- * gion, wdmt was the sitnatlon .ofthe coytUry through vybich the canal passes, previous to its cpustruction ?,\a.nd. hOw^t^Sftitripro' ved since the doinmehcej-n^nfabd comple'- tion of. that.gtfiaf4n^«niyfiu^b'work : we have paid so far, without a inurmur, while a t the same time wevdo hOt reap one cenf s vroidh o f benefit fionn the ten miU* ipps expenditpe in cqpstrucfing the.ca- nab It i$ manifest that every kind of taxation whiGh huinan ingehuity can devise, let it bemalled hy vhait name i| may, whether direct or indirect, hes its base on labour, and, must be ultimately paid by the profits is in faei no other way b y which taxes cad he paid. ■ , There are in all civilized nations, three greatiuterestj which reqiiire protection} and’ which every wise government will pro- tect;r^th8 agciciilttiral} the manufacturing, and the cam memi al j each of these shou ld b e pushed asfar ‘.as is praciieable to the ultimate point qf perfection and produc­ tion, The question then that naturally state goyernmeat, will he found in the construction of goqd roads and canals ; they will give facilities in transportation and open a sure arid steady market, as well far the proilncd o f the country, as o f its fa- brics of doihestic mailufacturei Withhold from any p a rt o f cons munity those facili­ ties, andf.tildy fcahqot more than' subsist,' tnueh.less pay tajces. Now, sir, I wilj ask hpw d p n g w m a retobe ‘‘ h ewersof wopd andsdrawers of water,” for .the people of the north j before we are to be remnnei'a ted? o r will it be admitted: thattbe inhab­ itants o f those p arts o f the state, not infme-' diately henehtted by the construction of the canals, am justly entitled to their pro­ portion of the annual income? I do not male pp'wer o/.the legislature to authorise any new disposition or. disbursement of the revenue arising from the tolls' on tiie canalsj. or from, tliesalt and auction duties, until the canal debt is extinguished; but, sir, there are other Vvays and means with­ in the reach of the, legislature, whereby re­ lief may be nfTt>rd;ed, without yjolating the provisions of <he;Constituti:pn. . ■ Admitting for a moment, that the'state is destitute of: fundsjfwhichf atp bappy to. find is not the case) why n o t resort tp a loan as well fur the • ac compiiabment o f that object, av fur tise nmaisr T h e credit of the state is as good now, if not belter, than it wns when the canal loans were obtained; mon­ ey can be bad on bettor terms, and the oh- The 'adVantage5:.#Hied of to he acenmplislied equally meriton- ^•L _ - V ■ - •>c. f 1. *!*■ ' ■ Vi'S-* *■ Af>f2 Ollrl- -^ricoo l‘\r the statej.afejttcllcuiahtei ThO inimeobe expenditnee'and •chculatipp of pablic mo- jiOy for labour aa'd'.-pro'v'isions ; tlio relief i t has afforded to^|h6s,e who were indebted ■for tbeii;'4ands,.;qnd-that Wbeafrpmjlie gl;eaif*ch5|igPV i'n the com,- imec.ciaf worid, growing oUfof a universal peace, the cpuijtry 'dverwhelnaed in debt, t would-have*' been iruiiied,' bad not that . g reit' work- afibrded timely relief.- The *apid growth and prosperity o f that section , o f the Slate is evident^ ffom the almost in- : staptaneous growth o f villages, the high price o f land, and the concentration o f ca­ pital, which are the natural fruits and con­ sequences producedi-by the facilities and cheapness of transportation. The reversr nfthis picture, as k regards the sop them tier of counties; is so evident: that to oik;' proof o f the fact, would be offerin g «n n. suit to tile understaading and gonu sc'ot* ofthis coaitoittec. ' The prompt and elRcient aid afforded .by the representatives from the souths n sectio.i of the slate, 111 the passage off la vs Pipvrdi!.g the ways and tneans'tor the ct*n- struci.k'tf of the grand canal, strengtnens their efaira to a reciprocity of action from iheir brethren of the ndrlb. The southern section o f the state is not so well .adapted to canals, other than late­ ral branches leading frojn the south to the grand canal ; couaequently -aland cominu- iiication from east fo west has becdihe in­ dispensably necessary. This rflad and a few.short canals leading directly into the great canal, will form iiiiportaiit . jinks in the great state cliaia o f internal improve- nieuis. Tliey are in fact necessary as well for the advancement o f the best interests, of xhe state, as for the tvelfare ofitsiuhab- ilaots, iffe do not, sir, piace our claims entire­ ly in fn'‘ grdui»dcf?n ';udtnmuy for con- ’(.i/Mii.'-u to the l«-i{ v.'s contend I >•<. . .i.x. wjue spir ( - xm which led constfusti \ it n',.,1 • niagnificent -V ji kj ought to p . 'opt (..} T j W e have pUd our quota »f taxes, direct and indi­ rect ; first a direct tax of two mil is ob the dollar, one and n half mill, one null, and lastly half a mill. Abhough the adl re­ quiring a levying of this tax does not set forth that it was intended to be applied as part o f the ways and means o f appropria­ tions Ibr the construction of the catmi;; yrs strictly speaking it was soj because this tax would not have been necessary, had not the legislature laid their hands upon the resources of the state, for the aceoin- pUslunent of that object . This, together With our salt arid auOtion duties, hpsbeen ■ thrown into the Canal fuiid. Now, sir, I hold in my hand a- statisiical table, giving the present population, df nine counties only, and the atnpuht of dufies paid on their saltfor tep years, Viz : Cfiati- tauque, Cattaraugus, Allegany, Steubtifi, Tioga, TompkiiiSj Cortland, Sroonne and Chenaiigo. T h e present population of those counties is. 197',980j allowing five for a family makes faifiilies, wbicli cohsutne ht least as' manybajfels of sa^ the duty oil whidh'ptttoumts to 4 2 4 /4 6 aix-^ nuatiy. ».n.d for tep years 49^.; But ' Viewifig this thing prospectively, ahd ta­ king into CoUMdeiiitiahfthe increase ,0^ po­ pulation o f tlqise counties, and fix itdt a tiiediuui o f 52 to UsqUardihUCj'^ves 451,- 715, makjiig 96,545 fiurjilies,' each consu- iningcne ^ r m of salt, wilt amount t« $56)000 aiulualiy. Now, sit, should I em­ brace in my calculations all the counties interested in tite 6iafe Koa'd, and whlcli repoive little of no benefit frOnl the canals, the result would prove that fiiey have ptiid more for the last tctt years, o f duty on Salt war, it wilt he ueceawry to give Cfiojnomy, certaroty and success lo ouf .military ope^ fiqnsf Ilad such k road been, constcuct- ed before the. Igte waf,.lt #buld have been a saving’in thatalngle Contest, in meR) mo­ ney, (a»d I may add, feputatiou) that Would , have tpom tbaft indemnified the state for the ckpebse.cfm|nsffuctiu it.— In a,state like ours, with an. exposed from :6ur frkail Jtiggs, of the sihenectady Cabinet, »e,^ni«Jn ipink that ,a rea,ark which fell from us in . relatiqw to the app,ointnieiit of Judge Betts, was suiggegted by .softie recoUectiens of personal disap- lidr o f s e v e k hUtidved: ^ i^s^epending, % to cowecthtain^is^ln- OTgJviftsf US an opportunity », sajing distinctly ten been remaTked it, the IlooSe, fliWt Congreis for its defence, a t alt timesymotlupop stan­ ding arinies, but upgriitheMmilkia, the etti- zeii soldiers,, dispersed^ fhrpugli.ou.t every portion of the state | ‘'the fie^r end luost efficient meabs of attaeVAud'd^GOe will; always*be found in the; facilifidd?dffefed^^^b^ good roads, for fite mpid %ncefitration and raovetUent of tfic pbyficaf foK'ds, wherever theif presebce m^y b® required. If proof were wan ted .(6 illustrate the ad­ vantages o f roads end canals in the fitne of war, I would refer to the waste ofblood and treasure on our own frontier, during and uriequiypcaliy, that we haye never applied to Sfr.* Adams or to either of the departments', for any office or situation under the genera)- governmeut, 'Eftit.we supported ^ r, Adant.s for yresident, with: fttuoh seal and with some effect, Mr, Riggs and ;evcfy other Adams member of the legislature of :}824, will not soon forget, for we believe that few' ppliticai conflicts were ever maijiiaiiied wUh.gr«nt- er firtnjiess against such unequal. pddSs, The friends of Mr, Adams, |n that Contest, Were cpuippsed of ilidiyiduals attached to the two great parties which tboh divided this state. The mastproniinent poll- OU3 and necessary. B a tk has h'eca saiil, and may again be urged that it would fie unwise to expOud nnotbur dollar in internal iinproveineiits, until the canal debt is extinguished; tlieii,' indeed, are wo to he provided for; all our wants are to be supplied out of the fulness ot great A,s much ns to say, ‘‘ live horse, and you shall have oats.”-=-. The poor horse cannot subsist Qh promises until the year 1836. No Sir, he must be supplied with good' and wbolesoine pro­ vender, such as 'VJll givB him life and aiti- rnauoii,iii order that he may perform the services required of Iiiin. Daring the Iasi sess-ion of the legisla­ ture, vtien (bis sniiject was ander discus- ‘^’.'*0, lij qtii-aii'm wii Irf-rpiently asked, !:«.ipfiis w-i.l the derive from the • <'-•-'.icf.in >f the I't-aie Road? This e-''-r!’!ily.was a proper inquiry, aud the au- s .V s r is a* bant!. I* wilt faciliiate travel and transporta- ti.-in ; it will prvEiofe and increase yonr carmnerce, agriculture, ihatfiifnctures and thf- arts : it wdl oogn a market steady and sure for thesnrpius produce o f the farmer; it wiileniimice the value of real estate, and invite emigration : it will add to the reve­ nue of the canal, and throw millions annu­ ally into Neiv-'iferk and other commer­ cial towns on the Hudson. The general improvement of that section of the state will be acceieraled; the blessings o f so­ cial intercourse extended, commerce pro­ moted 4 capital more equally distributed throughout the state; and the convenience and comforts 0 ^ life greatly multiplied.-— I t will increase the productive industry of the country and render the labour of the fanner and fnhfiiifacturer more profitable, T? will confer a iiew value upon a fertile and populous.portion o f the state which at present lias no market for tho surplus pro­ ducts o f its soil, These, sir, are some of „the-'advantagas wiiich are to be derived from the State Road. The sfate at large has a deep interest in the extension of her Internal improve­ ments, wherever it may be deemed neces­ sary and useful, because the lands and per­ sonal property and the service of our citi­ zens belong to acertain extent to the state. The state, in feef, is the landlord, and the <.i»izens its teiiauts. The taxes are impp- setl t!i proportion to the value of property; increase its value, aud yoU enhance the rent.- . Many were opposed to the policy,in the first insianGe, o f Conslructing the canals, for which they w^ere pronounced unwise, coritracted aiid illiberal; but it is hovv spo­ ken of,-and very justly, with the greatest enthusiasm. A new world has sprung up in that sec­ tion thro’ which the canal paSse-s. The wilderness has yielded to the hand of in­ dustry ; packet and freight boats have ta­ ken the place o flndian canoes; large and splendid towns have arisen, as if by inagic, and cultivated fields have spread them­ selves over the ruins of savage huts. If tiie policy that opposed the grand canal was ‘‘ contracted and illiberal,” what must be said of it now, when theinducemenis to open this great land coromUnicution, both in a conimertial and political point ofview . have so g f eally increased, with the increa­ sing growth,. population t nd resources of the state} for as the state increases in weight it will be the part of a wise policy to hlicrease the ties which bind h er citizens together. I hazard nothing in saying that this road will be o f the first iniportaitce to the commerce, the manufacture, the agricul- turC} and the political prospects of the state:; for the fim e may arrive, and we gitre, by the want o f tlie'se facilities. (To be coM.rfwded in our^exi,) ^ : N l j A L 'C E N S U S ,, Of the ifiimaiie and Criminal Ihstitu-i tions in the city o f M e Y o r k , with their increase or decrease during the past year. ]By the attending minister, JoRpt S tanford , : A . M.— J a n , 1,1,837- O rphm ufitaylww—fioys, 1Q4, Girls, 56. Whole nufiib^, 160. Increase over for­ mer year, 1 , ‘ - ^ City Patients, | Luna­ tics, 91. Total 817 . Increase, 67. City ifoasc — ^While men, 468 ; \vhiie Women,402; white boys,308; wliite girls, 153 ; black nnen, 17 ; black women, 14 : black girls, 7 — ^^total 1472*. Increase 270,- Jieleme jEfospitaJ—^Bleii paticnts 9O; w o- nicfi patierits, .58; men niaiiiacs, 45 wo­ men maniacs, 44—-total 232, Increase 148, House 0 / Refuge —Toys, l i 7 ; girls, 31 —total 158. lucreaseps, Dehtur s Prison —In confinement, in­ cluding the Liberties, 300. Iiicfease 212. Rridawdl — White men,. 5 f ; white wo­ men, 2 7 ; black men, 20; black women 5—^^total 100. Decrease 53. Teriitewtiary.—-Criininals—Wbite men, 65 ; wliite women, 3; black men, 46; black, women, 6.—Yagrants-.-'NYhite men 67; white women, 79; black mbii, 1-4; black' women, 46'—total 326. Increase, 32* . State. PrRon —rRemaining in prison Dec. 31, 4825, 496. Received in prison in 1826,196—total 692— Transferred to the iiew prison at Sing-Sing, 110 ; discharged by pardon, 112, do. by expiration of sen­ tence, 5 3 ; died during the year, 36. Re­ maining in prison, 381, viz. white men, 275'; white women, 5 ; black niep, 74; black womeny ' 27 . Decrease, 145; . Resiilt, —Whole number in 1826, 3545; do. in .1825, 3428, Increase l l 7 - , ■ ' yfEwy^oRX, Jan. 22. \ The RTe(dhf,r , —The cold was more intense on Saturday niglit than we have experienced tliis winter. Yesterday it moderated a little,and this morning a t l l o'’clocic', the thermometer stands ut20 deg. above zero. W e have had no arriv^als' from 8ca,8ince Thursday last. Twoforeand aft schoonersanda sloop, were in the ice at the Nari'ows all yesterdajv Schr. 'Vi’aslungton’s Barge, Bosworth, from Norfolk, got up to Jersey City on Tuesday. Two amull schdoners, one with pine wood, got into the Quarantine dock on Saturday morning 4 the pilot boat Gjatiludeis al­ so at that\wharf. The vessels b^dre -.reported as at anchor outside the Hook,.remained there at sunset on Satuaday- Tlie pilot who took the ship Savanftah to sea on Thursday, came up yesterday overland, having been taken off hy tlic pilot boat Gratitudd, and walked to Long-Island shore on the ice. He stated thatthe b rig Tontine came in yesterday as far as the S. “VV. Spit, but stood out a gain. He could notsee yesterray from the bluffs tlie vessels^which were at anchor outside on Satur­ day, and it is thought they may have moved fur­ ther south to avoid the ice. It was was also sta­ ted that they reniained yesterday afternooj as before. \Ypod carts were employed yesterday in dis- Ivibuting supplies. Tlie Jersey City and Hobo­ ken ferry Boats have eoatinued to Whitehall slip hut the river iminediately above Hoboken is dosed, entirely across. The Narrows are choaked with ipe atevery change of the tide, Th,c ice at the Quaiantine^rouHa liaB become fixed, ..and the steam boat.has not been able to como out sincQ, Friday. T h e Amboy Bay is said to he al­ most entirely frozen over. “We hear,’also that Long Island sound is frozen entirely across a little above H ell Gate. \VVe understand tiiat the Underwriters have, with a praise wortliy liberality, chartered the sch. Little William, Capt. Evins, to cruize in our OfiBng, for the purpose o f affording relief to in­ ward vessels. ®he is to be well provided with firewood, aDd saitable clothin g of every kind, and a crew of about fifty ftien. Quartet^past One o'clock ,—^We learn from Capt.'V'anderbilt, of tlis Bteam boat NahtilUs, came up this forenoon, that the schrs Jtichmond Packet, from Hichnoond; Fly, from d o ; Sea Horse, from do ; Joh Bonner, from Washington, N p . all got under way from Quarantine this, forenoon, a'nd are coming up ; .afore and aft schr from. Richmond is on shore on Conhey Island; the two men that were .yfesterday noon in North Riser were taken up alive near fort La F a jettc, by some men from Long Island -alone} than would be sufficient to make know jrtol ilow%on, when it will be useful tbe‘State Road, Those duties and taxes (f„]f military purposes. In the eveht of a E xtract or a L exter to t R e editors of THE S tatesman , dated P aris 10th N ove H. BER, 1826. “ Paris has been alive with the visits Of two celebrated men froia great Britain—Mr. C an - NiKK and S ir W abter S cott . A great deal has been said aboiit their Respeotiye , objects. That of the forrner has been supposed, to be po­ litical : though it is more than probable he came pleted, jeaunot be -worth less than ^7000. here, as thousands hale done before him, merely for health and amusement, after a long coiifine- His iriovements have caused 'TfiESEA Y v JA -N U A B t -30, )82,7. Wrests, would be, best promoted by the success of a' candidate other than M jv - Adams. Those, there.. fore, who resolved to support M r A, lyere called upon to make sacrjflces of jno ordinary character, TieSj-Jong .before forraed^ and ceineiiited by numer.; ous conflicts with various suceess, were necessarily broken, riie long established usages of party were abrogated and tlje^pcoscription of disciplina- I'iaiisinqurred. Politically, such men ns Tallniadgei Bft*ri'ows, Wheaton, BaVsto-iV, Haight, 'y^arren, Biggs, Wilkin, &c, hazarded eyety thing, fiefpat vvbuld have ensured their ruin, and success, we are grieved to add, has scarcely sftVcd Xhera froin the same disastroas fate. All the fruits of, the triumph which , New-Ypik pbtained for Mr, Adams, havg been deliberately bestowed iipbii those who labour­ ed most zealdusly to defeat his election, Not an individual who contributed in socUring th'e electo­ ral vote of this -state to Mr, A.(lamshas ever been recognised. The Fresidentiai campaign in this state involved a principle of vast importance to o«r country. The crisis deinanded the best and boldest services of patriotiSin, Men, influenced by a high; sense of duty,, fearlessly dUmanied, th.e right of choosing electors, and after it hard: conflict with a dominant and. powerful party, triiinOphanfly estab. lislied the cause of popular rights. It iftay be said that we did but discharge oiir duty, and tliat men actuated by lofty sentiments shoiild: disregard all considerations of places’ and emalumcnts, To this we reply, that np complaints of this nature have ever been'uttered by Mr, Adains’ /friends in this state, they have .regatded-with repressed but eni- bittersd feelings, the successive appointment offle- cided opponents, and the r y cotton .of friends of at least equal worth and talents,.and nur.silence would not .now have been broken, if the editor of the Cab­ inet had not made a direct inquiry^ It is not that offices have been refused'to particular individuals that -We presume to murraur,bu; because a party has been abandoned which bad fail* and legitimate claims upon Mr. Adams’ adhdnistiatioa for. pro­ tection. ' We espoused the cause of Mr. Adams early; ear­ lier, indeed, than any other paper in this state.— j Wc believed, and still believe him to be ainoug tlie most enlightened, and patriotick men in the, coun­ try—amnn who would ndprn andexalt the charac­ ter of any nation. He is faithful and. honest to a proverb. The government and tlie country is safe and will prosper under his adniiiaistration. But wc very much fear tlint the policy of prcferlng op­ ponents, and postponing friends, will' deprive the country of his services at the cxpiiation of the cur­ rent Presidential term. Oitr Village. —Tlie spirit of improvement is mar­ ching onward throughout our village with firm but accelerated steps. The purchase and sale of village lots has grown into a regular and heavy business. The preparations for building, when the spring shall .have opened, are veiy extensive. Aftion g the most important, are Gen. Beach’s flouring estab­ lishment and Blr. Johnson’s Manufacturing and Mechanicks' Rotunda. The village on the Brigh­ ton side of the river, is to be greatly extended.— The farmers living on its borders are disposses­ sed, and fall bach ; but before he has time to re­ move bis ox from the crib or bis plough from its furrow, Ilia fields are converted into bustling streets nnd busy marts of trade andiadustvy. Messrs. Bissell ^ Riley have pnrehased the valu­ able furm of Mr. Enos Stone ; and Messrs. John­ son, Atkinson and Noyes have made heavy and eli­ gible purchases of land situated between the Stone farm and the caiial. These enterprising geiitlc- naen, we learn, intend to lay out and improve those lands, and they will, if vve may judge of the future from the past, find prompt.purclinsers. U. S. Senator .—Two meetingB have been held at Albany, by members o f the legislature, to nomin­ ate a candidate for Senator friendly to the general sadministration. The first meeting was attended by about forty members, none nf whom belonged to the opposition party. At the adjourned .meet ingpnly 10 appeared^ some o/whoin thought it in- ejipedient to mafch a nomination; but yielded to tho wishes of the majntity. The Meeting therefore baliotted, and Stephen Van Hensselabt retelvcd 9, Albert H. Tracy 7, and John IV\. Taylor 2 votes.-r- Gen. Van -Rensselaer, therefore, will be Supp'orfed by .the ftlends of Mr. Adanis foe Senator. Wa sbajl sOon see,’ who are add wlMare not the sup­ porters of the general govetilhient. The Market.-:-'Wo arc requested , to correct one or two errors in the.communicationof'M Citisen\ relative tpthe market. The Truste'es have retained the power of goyerning and regulating the mar- ketj and altho’ 20 per cent, interest is to be paid to the stockholders when the Trustees redeem it, yet they will receive but about 8 p er cent, previous to that time. Col. Riley has engaged to finish two spacions cellars under the market for the rent of them two years. The Trustees own 60 feet below the market, and the whole properly, when com- A,fd^pluti<w},, m M m ed hy Mr. Foipl, jof g«ftg flg^nstthe qf Virginia, apprgj)nafing g20,OOo for the relief of pfthe indigent sufferers by tlie,. c.Qpaagr8itqft ai Alexandria,,pass0d the House of Rejiresefttatiyqti by vote of 110 to 63, Mr, MARV i N, of Qaia, rip, dosed the dgMe with thofollpiyiftg bjief re-: tnarknir^ ,•,,., , ^ ‘ ■ • '/ Mr, MARVIN said he should ndt baye trouV led tho House withAsipgte retRawt,find not the; ayes and upes been ordered and be wqdd now inent to business, as much bustle among politicians as in the fash­ ionable world. As to Sir W alter Scott, it is said he has been in search of fads to put into his life of Napoleon, which will probably be forlhcoming in a few tnenths'. It is wliispered In the AmericaD cir­ cles here, that the author of 'Waverly has been very, frank ■with our coniitrytnan Cooper, on the subject of his works. Report says, that the latter has induced the former, to listen to some proposals relative to the puWicatioft of his future works in the United. Stales; The intention of these proposals is of course nothing more of less, than to give the author .a portion of that emol­ ument, which is derived from his talent.. On the 1 ith irtst. a fire broke out iti ’Washing­ ton College, in Chester town, M/d- which in a little more than two houis destroyed the whole building. Its corner stone was laid in 4737,or T788, by 4V‘ashingtou himself, The L M y p f the Lafte.—This little barque, so well knondi upon the lake during the late war, has met a most disastrous fate. She left Niagara in a gale, on the l3th of tJeoember, for Oswego* and has not since been heard of. There is no longer reasofl to hope for her safety. All on board must have perished. 'The passengers were a lady from Oswego, her two children, sis­ ter and father. The crew consisted of Capt. J ohn Rogers and three hands. Taken !—A man calling himself Jackson, who has been speculating pretty largely in forged drafts on Western banks, escaped from Bitflalo, after his arrest, in the disguise df female attire,_and came to this village with’ a full .pack of the posse in hot pur­ suit. .He eluded theh vigileiice nevertheless, ahd left town, Mingo-like, Without any trial. Informa­ tion, however, preceded hts .irrival at Albany, -R-heie he was promptly ferrclletl out and commit- ted, after disgorging cOnsidcVftbIg sums of money possessed delegated poyvers, and hpne 6fSie.f. All .othei: ppvver are reserved by th'g’state*; , AB not reserved, to the States,:are dclegW^tg QtM- grgs?. How does this effect the qaestioB ? Havh nat,|tates,intbBir:iodividuaicapabityji^latifed in reference to the gencrat welfare ? ;As)»iMSisdiy; And have they not adopted,, in their iegisiat^g oapaeity, .Hteastines Df'reiifef >'' N6aAcan deny’ that they hayo.lho poVec to HgiblatO., ’^Yhktis thepower‘wJuch;Ooh|48ss exercises'’in ibis Pis-* tricti’ The power to. appropriate xpoiiey, to lay- taxes;, tbisis the delegated poWct'wirich Udu- gfess possesses, But as .to the Histrigt ha8, |h e exclusive power. J f money is repuiredvCoftgress; has the right, to appropriate it, not undeh tfie power delegated to: OongrdSs, and not reserl’ed: by the. States, hut under that clause of the ;oon- stitntion Which gives it the exclusive legislation / over the District. Have we takcnall power jn relation td this District.^ .And shall we say there is no paternal government to protect it ! Are the citizens of this district bevond the puie df legislatioii ? Ai'e they to be regarded as. the citizens of no country; of no g g v o i'm n entJs there none to e.xercise paternal jarisdiction .'’ ,Nh* Exclusive legislation carries with it all powers,: Wohave tlie power tlien;. and that is the only question', * 'V7e;are hound in duty to pass the .hill. . . H eiwtdtilSf 'Hani; Ckarters.i—%U, B ra -* suBii's report from the committee gf the House osi this isubjqct} subBiitted .yester­ day, will be noticed ift the .preceding go I- um n. It expresses an opinion uneqmvo- cnliy in favour .of a renewalof the charters generally, aiid the applications, froni this city particularly. I ’his was to have been expected, it appears to ns, both ft* a nmt- ter of justice and of policy. The report presents, briefly, the argatpents in favour' of the gonclusions of the cominitteo, ;and they ale such, it is believed, as, - with oth­ ers, will have weight and effect, A bill chnilging the mode o f electing e- lectors o f president and vice-president of the United States, has passed the house of representatives of Illinois. This bill pro­ vides for the election of electors by genO* ral ticket. Electors bave heretofore been chosen |n that state by distriets. On Tuesday last Mr. Van Rensselaer presented to the House of Representatives a metnorial of citizens o f the ebunty o f St, Lawrence, in the state o f New-York, clai­ ming the interference of the Goyernmeht of the United States in securthg to her 'cit­ izens the free navigation of the St. Law­ rence, The memorial was referred to the. Committee on Commerce. Thejsland of Cuba is little larger than some ofour largest states; but it furnish­ es exports equal in ■value to two thirds the amount of those from one whole country. As the soil and climate of Florida permit the cultivation of almost all its products, thatjpart o f thO United States may be ex­ pected to furnish, a substitute, in a consi­ derable d e g r e e f o r t h e r a a r i ^ Upwards of twenty thousand ship letters were receivea at the Post Office in New York from the 8th to the 14th inst, inclu­ sive. Eight thousand were received in one day. Florida Iiidians.-^Gen. Ilermandez, commanding a brigade of the Florida hah litia, has issued his orders directing the military force ordered against the jiidians, to be discharged, in consequence o f hav­ ing received assurances that the great bo­ dy of the Florida Indians regretted the outrages which had been committed, and that they were ready to co-operate with the United States troops in bringing the offenders to justice. Counterfeiters .— We mentioned a few days since the arrest o f a number of coun­ terfeiters In Herkimer county. It now seems that there are, nine committed and many more suspected. Affiong the spuri­ ous hills most circulated by this gang, are /j^5’s and2’s on the Geneva hand, 3’s qn the-Ghenango, 5’s on the Franklin hank ofNew-Yorlc, 5’s and lO’s on the state bank at-New Brunswick, besides various imitations o f the Phoenix, Jefferson county and Others. _________________ S. Caro Una .—By an act lately passed, the property of foreigners is taxed double. Theatrical representations, shows of wax work, &c. taxed 5 dollars per day. Offi­ ces selling foreign lottery tickets pay ^1,- 000 for license, or 2000 dpllars for selling without. The Phenix Insurance Compa­ ny (of London) is authorised to traiis&ct business in the state on paying a bonus of ^4060 into the treasury. The ordinance department at London, has ordered home to England, for the pur­ pose bftalcing his trial there, captain Ma­ thews, a member of the Upper Canada House o f Assembly, who stands charged wjth having called for Yankee Doodle or Hail Colutnbia in some provincial play house, We learn from the York Observer that the Directors of the Welland canal have petitioned the parliament of Upper Cana­ da for a further grant o f ^^200,000 to aid itd completion. It is also added that the locks are to be 22 feet wide instead df 32 as formerly proposed. TheEewistdn Sentinel says that on tho evening pftlie 18th inst. “ the fee in the Niagarariver, which has for.several days given symptoms of Uneasiness, closed, and has made a bridge all (be way to his majesty’s dominions. This is getting- to be quite common,of late years. ” Outrage on American citizens at Rio.' We learn from Capt. Hutchens, of the brig Midas, says the Norfolk Beacon, that a serious disturbance took place'atRio ja,- neiro, a feW days previous to his sailing, ih November last} in consequence of the im­ pressment of a mall who represented him self to be an American. A Midshipman of the U. States ship Cyane, who was superintending some Workmen from the ship in making or pre­ paring a mast, whilst remonstrating with I W yioleiitly Ijr the A0Wih«BiI«mtof the Arsielflel Ijy it hlpw tjiJcH newly feUeA Hifti ttdufid; H# initiWtly MitvriAtid tho ewR- iUiijeiit} «WdIiii4 Wi WWilWt | t hilt B u t)ngtaliii.'fy8f«y'^-p^ itrrived. Midsjhipwwi *ii4 hfiw nfVewtyji Lieut l ^ v y , 4»t Q»ftbe 0yiW ii whq tw icehft of wW *lK» by the .werepreaiMby M d the pfAhrijr M oflglhg w w te- k e h h y tlitw cuifried 1?^’- yoiid the iMbeirfet of the hf theffi, liQwever^itthsequefitly relealied* - jP p jt tU HdMdml MeUtgmeeT, • _A.¥ffUh, FlR-E-A^/ALEXAlNHMrA. - ■ A few in3nwtes;hefore jfihe. tiklocic; yes- , terday noothiiig an al«rm ip| fire hrb^e out ia tlie, town pf Alexinqria, I t %?i| : spoiVpefeoeived from this cityj end, tti>)|»s the vvegyiej- wps, (thermometer a t 13)i ont to wnsnifen turned out with alacrity, and ftl- 5 iH.os't lit'etally flew tp: the :a,ssistance^ ilieir npighborsv ■The ‘ jEngine froip the Gapitdhffiill, \Vith Its hose, was u p d er way in a few, itiinutesyaftei the’fire VfgS discov­ ered, About, three hundred persons, from tlieNavy Yard, headed by Captain Bpothj were nndeir way alrapst as'spop} but, jiav- ing feriber to go, did n o t ' arrive quite as early gii th« ground. The. Engine frntiv r| the Post OIEce Depaitmenf^ vvith its fine * hose, g o t iitidev way as so6i| os'ilie firAwas ? ascertained to he . serious, atid; had jfist t started’’When a.ni express airived to pur X Mayor lirom the Mayor o f Alexandria, so- liciiing aidy hjion which the Engine of tlie f sechnd ward, and that from the first were il 'I noVifi.ed^iftdwfere under way. N o r were our Georgetown .neighbors behind hfind ; With great spirjt they went do in num­ bers ill Ciirriages^ 'on horseback, and -Ott foot, carfying also, it is belteved, their en­ gine, All the Marines on the statioii were also carnkd down by Capt. HoWie, under the orders ol’Col. H enderson , and parry- ingaiihaigine with tifoi\ 4 though they didiipt ali-i ve until the fire was got under, afforded important service as guards.—, The-wliole numbfo'of persons who Went down fioin tlus side o f the river sjonld not be less tlian a thousand. * I f we appear to dwdl to® m uch upon this public sjsirited conduct of our citizens bO thif occasion, let it be rpcollected that the distance-to Alexandria frofo most o f the points started from was seven miles, and that the engines and meii Mtived there about the tiitie tl)e fire was m o st appalling^ I f any other cause fgi: exultation is thought necessary to justify it, let it be found in the fact,that the fire was arrested, and a vast noloWt bf property resquedfroni the jaws of de- stcuctioQ, b y the aid thus afibrded. first silccbr from the city arrived about! 1 ofelock, and was. followed, by successive supplies- . *’ ■ Our feiends at Alexandria, exhausiedAy fatigue Slid anxiety, were noU5tnployed,in endeavo»ring to save their individual pro­ perty, aaii without the exchUent appara­ tus o f hoj|e,&c, which We have, ivere not able to # n ten d with the devouring ele-^ meftt. THcy welcomed tel ief -from this quarter .as almost providentiai, and they are unbounded in the measure of their thanks for the assistance, without which, the best part o f their town, with most of the shipping, would have shared the fate of that valuable portion of it which was al­ ready int iianies. As it was, however, the conflagration was awful, and the destruction o f property very great, as may be supposed, from a Fire raging in the thick of the town for five long hours, with a brisk North 'West, wind blowing. Itis a wondhr, indeed, that the F ite was got under at all. The hose and forcing machinery, having the river tor the source of supply, furnishing copi­ ous and iivexhaustable supplies. of water, .effectei what nO supply of water by. hand could have done: and, although the water thrown in strearns descended in the form of ice and sleet, mantling the firemen in icy garduents, we believe but one Of the en­ gines wasso frozen during the day as to be disabled, so steadily were they vyorked. The 3 ’ire commenced in the Cabinet Maker’s Shop of James Green, on the east side o f Royal St. between King ami Prince st, and extended to Fairfax street, thence clown Prince st. to Uuion st. The number of houses destroyed, besides back buildings, was about 40 ; and the value of the houses and goods destroyed can hard­ ly have fallen short of two huUdred tlioii- sand dollars, Grea^ d anger was menaced hy the tum­ bling w -alls. One man is reported to have been killed ; and one o f our... citizens, un­ der a dtlling wall} had an escape, by means of the teinbrasure o f a window,, little less than niiraculous. Kefresliinents were most liberally distributed by the People of Alexaftsdria to their visitants, and we shall be glad to liear that all got home safe through.the cold of last night, still more intense than that o f the day. L e g i s l a t u r e o f N e w - Y o r k . [Reported for the Albany Daily Advertiser.] liV ASSEMBLY—January 22. Mr. iM’Clurd gave notice, as to a bill to repeal ihedogtax, and to levy the a- itj mount arising therefrom, on bachelors be- f\ tween tlie ages of 30 and 45 years. ( ' Tilt; Comptroller made a report in con- j? j fbrtaity to the resolution of Mr. Sill, o f the ) | ( 18th iiist. which was ordered to be printed. 11S In answer to the question submitted to the fo - cotnptreller by said resolution “ whether y if an a-ppropriatioft be made adequate to ' j the building o f the contemplated state road j as reported by the committee, an iriimedi- ate resort to taxation will not be necessary j for defraying the ordinary expenses o f go- 1 vemment” — he replies that a resort to fii- \p reel tuisation is n o t. absolutely n ecessary; || ( but ho is inclined to believe that upon a full view o f the subject, that mode of sup-' plying the deficit o f the general revenue to rtieetibe ordinary expenses of this 'gov- erntnerat, in the supposed case, will be re- gardod as the most expedient. January 23. Mr. I*riee, from the committee on so much of 1 ' : ' r5 ■ j PROPERTY OF G N IV p R SITY OF ROCHESTER ORIGINAL STAINED

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