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The New York reformer. (Watertown, N.Y.) 1850-1867, January 16, 1851, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83031930/1851-01-16/ed-1/seq-1/


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>posted at the meetings of tlio.Unlon—«lmll #u't,\re'sj^«t6 \\\m jp>6ppr|y^ tp/;pe^o|m. sopie iiiiiiilii'ji'a^^ iRijii!?:••,. y^fi^fli(ri r ren(fb46^f^KieP\Vi.th^i^ r •SviioJiftVttSlWeqltiu) v;wci?:^##li#in^!d'(!tinfe MrilUtt -ofWxiillofl, *l]ey:'baye jm part'of it fa ifeir:.' -\..': .'•, '•\-' •/'.' '•\ • . •- •;••\: If tfixes 'were tlB.sosscd. in.- proportion to the ^'j^mittWmnpMilMtQdniftlt^iiMutiohs , -ebjigwnlafc iainM^ tins . aUemi*d oar sclfoii -«W^ifi»-fn'^l** Wn*P»^ -wMa'ewmirte, ihWfMvAi'4 iirlngther'rtis.fcyw, ^IffitifclfcQifo other'towns* #iMiddjiliPn v Df- . iiwih 4fl\ftt(bH» tlM^hHe M-iMM'foii *oftbcrt of aelton.ampngf fe^'pc«in<s,&.tni!ii oJF-.p' pwiesjit ,Bii^-.#pJ!«I ; tI^;i^e»i(rtjr. of.«p^itn|».it^r .pwtt\\: '.''-*' \\'\* •.'-'• ''•*-„•''~ '•**'•' '•'.- ' ''*-- tiij| drinks, present*; -iria'tipeftbla feorHF-prs to the' .; Tiueee*. of the Fsiriotj t|ta FliltonttioJj&M'fct ~_.'tfci>;€l|rWte^^ frcfe . • do* jrti«l%Iib<)rtlt*,ofonrcountr* »y%f - tuba wH»/*fftrtng HJJhiittli{y,«Fwi»fci to pro* - ta()*^*rto*^<rftheOwtit<,w«waV(!W3»r.. .. - w*<|i^^dlteoBnU^athcfriiile«nU .\' TteB^A Thai the winlt oCotir'laf'to/wh .' i»^|^lp«*eliria to br*»:ihe:«Ve* ofihbie. wke wim, of iwetendod to'bc-of„th>« opinion,, that ;th^b«^f(^«srtMr'i(f«i : ;»ctJng Iri.aeewMiift •wifeti* wtofca oftheelector* of this lowrnin 'Sellh^Iie«^*«WirMdi«droiik»ra»,pi l i[K;r«nnd e*to^o>f;*ar:feWH««wr« *a&H>riinrto law*);! • ItsU^adniiuWnsl a meat withering rcbukew thoSt ..ww^. to escape rciiporiaibinfy, «n<leriooV - t •;.•<* thrpwttapnn U»eil<>ctor«of the to*fli by-«V •; p«^»»Ukito pr»Vlou« to thbiiwctlhsf: to au«- $miM;- TH»t the report, to Uie Leglilature ; «f'H|#9lJm.j«rr : N«tr' York': »fc IttisrtJeMubri,'• ...... --d^8JM*M l ^^^^)^ wn M» fi i'^ i i , - ; ^uVaimuMhan' -: iqU(iet4«M,'MH>v, th»t It i. the dftW ort)|» ele?. «- •\'- -•••'*-• •' ,»«|*h%^^^lf^eWCi«*A^lit*r.' -who\ ' iiw* lit wror of enforelnff,. Jiwfcadiof «3efrt*iiitf ;;-t»M'«*e*ifa««yjWU^nrel«tronto'th U Mlo «f |^«kMwtdriqk«,notwit»utnrKllnfthoeffwt •i|Ktl>i U artre mnily from th« bilalneW. of . ArilhlulWli^ii^/wid^r^iTetlioiK) who would • •. eoottii*e'H of ttdr euitonreii •\ Re«>l«< Th«t.Hta the duty of the 1*™^ - *»i» of thh.8Ute,.to prbhiWt Ao wle of Into*!- eatMf drlnkt, Mmnefc iu the »alo of tmcnlo for ciiwfal p<miu»u< •' \' •, -:*^t^^#;*i*r^rW«t%g»fiiti 1 fef io.^rthL. '••, ^i^mm^rmtim-tmi th» jiceuWla^Bjrevlli' .: of ttAtfdR^wtifc^ more than xny other ili\vcr\' * •ndarwl on *r#, roT«( iiiep of their wsiiiioott, —rdN)MeW^/'Hiarj : Mnfi!in*,-dtiiQltle» tl|6 HlKN rty >oiii»»iit; «)d tM««rohii» m'dn to ilrunk- • -\ JUWrWI; Tkt )&o. 'rMiitl ^recoftinicad iho proMpi elrentiitkni »nd proksutafIon to;t^b%t«'. ktutwoftiihStau, the .bridged fo* of Kti. - tioti adopted by thu St«(6 TempcriiHie IgdGicty ...' •.p.wWhrttn the *NoV. ¥«r)c•Rero|rm«• , :\ieifi • 'IMciMlM ••-'\ \ • ~:-':~T~: : '••' lU^lrrf; <t|»i tfesrfifie (jbmmtttcM-of 1%!. •i^\-*i**»i«d Rt«McS 'Selioo] Cpiiirfel-4*r. (o.wtt, Wilr'iliiniSrr W\ litrrrtUtn yriflf'ritirrn-ifr '•**eliji* ; 'iKe^*Tt^trwafc^$ Wfifch' -tiio ^d^^^^-l^p^tuA'bVitirjM^JiitLV'Wproi \thfcttoftrnrMrfe^ And Bwl tliose catnniill^ ,te^irt«wiBi«|K>rt theffdoTtowlojaiidMiiirncI •MietiBfi¥f W* Kfttoti fttffex'te'r on thti %«tSfe«t. : -;nrd«r«if JWN*»r* iie«rt,>«t ooV'^cfe-'I'. 2H'. ;.. po^atiW^^«^liim<*«..'''-'' . :»»h!R«M!r^o..!L;Wv®.l|dWn»^h»-W« Si^SSsSt Wlnaj;,N f . S, J. P . Doi;gl»M; Nft 9. Geo, U4r. *!*%% •Xk •••m Tktt tie proceeding! of this Meek :ne» . itVknd-*»*• able IpWdwi.ce; cfrbrtKeflrrt b< Febnmry. fa! ftr tb« gevroat eaaffdenco...eiBd •**««»7 ability !to>*|y ? :it,^ii*6tjTd: rlihto\'6 bnp -jpf (IJQ'O> *jeatifiW9;<oithe;frep^lfo^lsw^\:Sb^^ ^iioltefelieyBd, tflgtpothers?btiKJiiji^dj, Ijeti me to\ f S^T ajie'^iiep^jppbSib^iiiccOTdiriR' ttf:t|b^|f p^iiii^^|w;to^|iii|&%obl. \^ ' £, .^^liPaopto'KPjiyA lifo ai Jis^aso of $ie, ^^r^|s|f*n3!rpni ^bitote^rc^ury^efpeoHajy l!mt:^^00^arisij!^-from*tlie p«ii^ States ^pslt jPiHidj- ani| JMb^IP%% ; ^^ w *V 38 y; i<«y&aiintt»ily.tW^ toex«ciite •Tory rarioty ofXottcr-Tro« ;irirtbm»*l^^i^Wli«j»^il:^ orroBB raxosa. if y.u wooid «« §© libld'io thbriglrt andTpfbpriflty.'pf;- rcpesliiig |he ^tylrpt^j^|)9ijc>.fiite^;Qfj.^9;.pesg{ei jii'ii^#Sffr ; .. : '^itnop\ '..tiio.. inost ar^eR^n^ca'tep^.o^^eiili. • hptiviMistiinding,Ao •^teS^Htliyje^I^^'-ihft; ^y^egduiejjtf^ w&, Js4i»id)^inyi1img ^.tdjei. M^a^y diMUssipVaii^ aTi;u%pnditi^i4tt^cJil.' : • . . ,' til Its. eOjifs? pn;tbi| question it seems to u§. :tp ; di^|ro^r^t!)^i\(^M>PAtol''P'i : incJpl0' \it vvJiiclfc .p^inBtU.utionsiirp l>!ise3—flint is popular- saver- _; ,«J5S!^»—Anappeal\&as |\yfcso-bcpn.jtnifcci| v Qn-this ^lifiit 4?^teJpll-sI)0iji4,.ljo-.firiiil , iHtpw ^ftbsurdi'iU fu^yer@eni,}ikc;_og rs,Jp ^ejex.fliuest|piis_.tp. the- rpSppte, and \vlieo fiiirly^nd^emphaticallycdccidca :.{>£ tlipia^fpr thbir sbrv^iSSjtaSl' wliaF \tliq Jeople;^ :)mS'e oVpnessly refused f<>,d(>. T.bj?:assi!mc8#»t ; life ageril' feupWs bcitor.thah: fli'o pt)'iJpipril': wljat Jonn^frtetj^bTiri^gTioIrt^^ piy- onlivTitoh XmoTifcHMnstitutioiis rest; ,That^ is., thb theory, of n...mpn^hy^h^t_.pjia_ iiian, ki)b;\Vs'bpttcr'wJmtJ3\for Wis subjects' >yelfaro thanVt.hey tliemsalyc's^iiiid lionco a'spvereiga artakei^gi ftbesgafes \ji^^tJiisXmo-jyll-JuiaV igi. _.... ._.,,. yoryfragal to's\<p;jiprtlii?. fu!pi!y;.5in«i;.ha* evcrr ^tJbAVitlibn'tisdiii? -tEiliis^^ie^iNStM;^ USt-KiM-foiu- 'ilyicbttlfprliif (ibttheir liealtlu •.Hiiir'rbiiub s tc3 &p3y.tt:ai^l^Wn^-biJ!ltlireb rffiilliiratqrtfirsnp-' \nortbfFfHffsieliTiiJls ^na^lfe^tnbyntlieWiikpa otif 1)'y.JiviHgliy-eyc^-i»fiaiingf he cati'gettill-jt. k (iilbbtaiujd. l||s' iibigjibbr•£.is.ampclmtiic,; ;ajid r eiifh$ttt%;ilbljars •% ^^\^lien fiqwfQfksj; sflppprtsiiisfiimily by-.wprkiiig^ pnis.halfjiis.titn^ ntid p'WK jib; tiije lor • t'lib .support' oHhflsicfibol. '•^T9K^tfKis^y'«»jr>^gTnbrdcf.t0-pfty-1)l*-»aicB- % 'is'id)ii»g,-.iind'«iaii even\ say-c^Let tbpte^'prk; timteaii-fc Hvu: .mthpnift!\ myr f! t ,fcfil»i*b:iri. .^usticftbS: tills nmt vote? ngain/»tih6 ; i^6 *ih;Qpi ; lfl^;'tlibu^r'he|j3,in^p^ .^ t!ic^prirJ,c«prpJf t rilt ilUVfi'ojifadtorcbdt^^ 'plj^urbvijAmericahJlnte^ tliat'jiriiieipTe, an3.gay6Jyjck.allpower ijitp tlic iiaAdB.VfJhJ.p?ppip.j.-i(n(lHUe. bral|y teta-rogArded-a^rda a court of \lastre- 4ort;' i^ic^'nMord?tet|t6eif*blijtV^ •tbtjevcrybnS fafy *bhiettitn^ ^pthevtax\\ yrmtii snstJilrfsj-frbe 1 s4hpblj,aiid ! htany^iiH^frttipdadyp^ «uppbrtor»,flf tjio *yitcfn(;isl>o \PNT fe^rctngtant :t6 ,: w^b'tHelhvoioe'lirfts^aVdir Ll ™^^'^ v ^^ It?may bo gai'4'UiW ah^ 0tor ciipifcitipri; ttr Woiild.bo lijipopufe 1 cant|bt\ fliiiifc so,, t do imt belfeve that. W5ifr^iiJ&V»^\* J,i ***^ -WWM^I'Ko^liw »1* prlneTples secured by. o6f Wrta all, -ttPiird-tliihk ft itiist or hbhpr.ftlb tliatapacfeshould bo exempted, ;as'thbugh tliey We're ptiUpersi froiii thf pAyineht of ftiiy p;Vrt 61\ portion of the neec^saryr cxpSnaes.- \ - .Wlkt rna,iiw|ib hs» any; fcieftrtgs of justice or hbnoyi«nApr9udly_ claims RU fight tp.vPtCf\vbnld refuse to\ pajf liis.jlist prbportion.for Hip support ..of *Iib : gpvc'rhijieni .'in- liis cfibicoJv JPawv very fe^'iiid c eed;wpu1d'bc Witling tpchierfafiisiielt •lia Opinioa of themselves;'' or to. publjj&Jiy|tfho r wbrl3; :•:•••'' * \ :•' ^^.'•^T. \\ Jf'tho.'irubjiSyt'of tKis cooiraunica|lp4Jhalrao. ducmctt worth Bueli' cpiwiaeratuSn,: t shquld^tilcb !;fbawHdwqtis'wd^ii-tlieReformer. And'-thaxtr : r\'(!'ntui^4.<to-givb solnotof inf thSuglits.--'o«. it, in \'•tlifi hppbtl.iittrfp Ed)t«rs nnd'other^iivmeh-bettof »PirP. ifp.'A'*^.d nil ^itli ,?up.eripijl4x9J 1 ; fe>gCSi^^ ijuipjtjjd^es tb„a.itbAdv ;'c!i!i .lm<ay dteover ; a ja^lUfiabJ'^ojisbi* wby.'thejr. Miopia be\ jtkfjd to;;mipppf| -aeade^ies, wjiiclj iheir ,shildr\ep .may ijopfcW.attend,.\ Tl# ean\ Ifclbarfy-jsee #rt .\t.liQ.^lslisatipn 'pf ^is $30,000 Jtp.cpmi)W ^o^^^°>b|#M?l| .»?1>?Vg.thoni'.: dqjnicili. Students somb 'thrbe or-^'feuF .times as ! )n«eh as acpmiMftsqhbol'siM^^ •\. 4.'. i!l\e ppo^lb.a>e ,; ^Hmgrtp^%a^tiio,.'$S?s>^ OOOhefetoforo appljed to ^iepiircljase' bf l&.rary ' Jiqpks shpurdnie^ ers? wage'sj fefernng^the 'Jf^M.''tQ djstricts. to tax themselves for• tliejurppse; p'f purchasing Ji- braiy books; anp^; alsp-£iying < ,pb.wb,r tP Jo'vyn', Snperintendpnts,. tp -exch'aiigf' library books «-• itiqng districts; \ •. ? '•'/.. • . ; Aftoi'the;oomm6brsclibpl 'fund; shi;l|liave been; •increased' by \these apd Ptlibr avaijalite'meanSi :,$100,000,ormbrt!i the people are ready and \yil- , ling to have the Manee, necessary to support an § months schpol iu every district,'raised' bjca state tax, levied upon the. phtirirprbPQriyj both real and personal, to be found \a its. bprdcra, as- sessed under a new and just systotii i ; and for which they daily wart. IJlie people; are.desirous' also of hav;ing the vpresent^steiuii.fWpervisto'WlfSige^ yf toyvn superintendent to'aii' officer -ejected for three ycars'in each' Assembly district r Iby which :means they ljppe to^secure a competent nnd ef- cient superjasintEdfithcir; .school^.- Dinbr>n^^f#ft^^^^^^*^ ? aBi%bse ! d-at|i50p:. ;Hisdebtaarp;jus^th,at-«»nn, 'but\ HwT&m&te}m&mnottisand bo&^awm• te^bnbbibiaebfihpugh onmteres^ mm- iiscswd,\ andi 'A-gpft ficnrly ten tlmysand; ; M v ^L^iW^rlo^ra^peityi Escapes ta^WPWete; tirplyy 'worbcoiyesCtKeJJcnefit of Ins • indbbtedr npsa M :bobk>acppn^;ffifca^idjiiwlNWk ojf hi9-«^ iiess'me'n^ n'nd j»e siim^idije, oji qcqpunt are/rated ,iibybri'^'.' , '\v^' : 'Vr.>r:i;;:4'-'\'/' ,\ ; ' '' ; ~,.1^^ s «tej^^J.^s^Kto,^a^^^*•^^''/' ,r ^. ,i ^... !:• T|ioGomptrbiler pf thisfS'lfttb, iii his aniiua) ;»eib)rt to.'thp.I*^lature,.atthp opom'pg pf v thp : , system \ot. Mae^inent,.rpmarks as.fpllbw*:; ' .le'ja pf.tu'e'first/impbr^HCd^th^ principW>pf vrtiiuYtiptt;,shb^uld , b > piifprtecd thyoawrbut the Sfhtbf^hb.ja?tico and equity .of tfiis:''pX6ppsHion'afo,<#b.bliyipus as ; to cpriimaijd umver'sal: assent'^Jih.d we\ icaijjpbt.' doul?t that #; \^jit.o'e acqnicScedlh'bjfpiirciteejisr , .,. ' : iSpt jyljilb^bmo-c'puntle's : ;y<^c^jlie5!ir,.98>ew^'' epnttties;\a^^ . nsago • as tfio phjy\ttfoani of self^efenco, unfiF at jengthtlfeass^s'pr's;yield to-li^lnflu^ : »-fl'a;^he.'Jfo,te^-gse^<!>>fc b'ebpnibB; stronger; -than the positive injunctions of the .law.,,The eyiUiwo'advortcd to^quires-tlioearly; attenlWi: of thb, .£egi?liiture». Who,Cpuiptrpllw.jyoftrd; recommendtlhat tlib errfjrelaw.reg^ : .^gg^' '$jS4'.tiEi^ii$i^v ma\^-1geiaiii3^':'fflB»' J ;»5bj56t,'pf ; careful Te'v:ib^|ind' : rpvisi6|^. .jn additjp'n. to tljb '•• usual' oiithi of oflice, 'tij&a^sc^sors.aipuldbb re- qiiiredj' after cPniplptihg their! nssessmentSj to '^^mak'e jiiu>.theCbatli v ^ia«^l.t^.8uT^'iVt r oferty,^ i the tp#n lin8:b%eH;,eStihiiitedfjit^.its^itll'plubiaiji: ; cordi!ig,t(} : 'thcu- Uosfcjffdgikbnt.,: The'eprnpt^l,-.- ler would alio sjaggcAttliiit ^omevnfew provisipfis • of ]a\y;»\re heeded to regujate the assessment of corporations\ pl^uch^embarrassmonf-has been- -experienced by assessors, 'afld by tliisr-Pepart- ment, ih epnsbquaflbe. of tbc^inappUcaliility of theJJcvised Sta.tutes*b new classes of'coVpohu v t!.bns,.;bJ- Tecen,t origin- nnd ^fevelppiiacijt. A, 'compVh.bPsivo, r equitable arid well defined.system for thc^assessment pif the capital of railroad, plankrroad, telegraph .and insurance corpo'ratipns; .is.,deenjed.indisp6ii.sab;ie.. ' •\. • 1?ho.tax payers of Jefferson,, conntv-ywho niet ^attlie GputtJlbustj bn.the31st,ult, will fmd'.np cause to distrust the correctness of their yiows, seobndfidas ihoy are, in so-many material points, . . T\ .' n\ r ' •: • •., rf i t -hy so. distinguished a financier -as WASHINGIOJI TheMe:piPvisipns,judieionslynieoTpoTatcdiiito £• ^ & ^ ^ : tb.o-W!libo1~to^-wbu1d-fWove-ll^gene^^^^ =— ~ — • — ' - ' iplaiut, ami all cry forrimpalr-tliBlE^BieaiS- : ^^|!scb|lbnCy,'.',M BftVcrnpj-, : regard^ the principle *f*Fxee-,Scho'6li'a3 jiayjng been settled, *54;thuar«penfca in:bisT^sago}r • ' ;j «^jio* vote, ot\$A% \in. layer of the Free : &hbbri**,l»rid the itiafe sfeceri't vote, \by a ro- (locednia'(orit^i nigajrji|t its' rep'eal, ought, dpubt- Iess,tb bo'jogardfcd Jisa re-affirmation: of'tliis impSfUint ; pniieipl'e; butiiot of the provisions. Pf the bill, Waving it iiiciiuibbnt on the Legisla- ture, in the exercjse of ix sftuud discretion, to . mako s.ue.h .enactmepts ns will accoiiiplislr thfr- gonoral • design without ipjitstice to any pf our citiietis:\.''.\; • . T'ho Qpyorhor dra\ya the correct, conclusion, from the votes, on. tlie .question, explained, as they- n'rgrby #e idstoTy ot the'dScusjIbii.-rr- TheI'l'ostiVoto'fy* a feiaflirmatibh of tWinipprtarit Irths of. the lavv in detail.\ Bht.tlib Hegistor on tlie contrary thinks tlie conclusion unwarranta- ble, and seems ill a t ease with' the views of the Gpyenjotv To help'himself but of tlie dilemma, Jip.cTaims. that tlft ciiy-pf Nevy^ork, riot being interested, had no right to vote onjjje*qfl\6stion > and that withCut the vote pf Ipjatcity the major- ity would-have bqCli the Tliqro are tgjfcififHSos in this assumption. Istji h^idJJieTfilyority been for' tire repeal o'f the. bchobl liHVj'it \vouId' havo rjoeii errenepus tjp conclude thH tite people were opposed to. the [oolunsr with anxjety to tlie Legislaturefopttoso. amwulme^sTT'oey' a^lj for nmen¥inentK~B u T Ihpy haVe«-ctPcdiany repeal, They ask not the \Legislature to go backwards, but to correct what they liaye not done well. • '\ .-' -It Would seem that tlie .legislature could not b'a'niistaken as io the'iiiie T of itsdUty. Progress of ^Pnbtic Opidioii on the Necessity of a Revision of the Assessment I*aw pfineiple of free schools, for the ; discussion be- fore cIcctiorTclearly sliowcd4' m t the pppp.sition i^^wn^-to-tlie-^etbilso'f the-lanTWid not tplGe prihcJplo'iV intended to carry out, Besides *hc. .. 0 -discussion.'- -Should siicfn . Bo t!i'e\rcsnl| the bBjcctliwdin viojyvyili bo at,' j the vote of 1819 ifuliy estahlislied J t!ic fact tfiat taihed, , . • • , . .- .•':•.-. '•:• 8, ' ' • - • i Jn. Ills. iirst:message to the Legislature, ho re- peats his request that the assessm.ent lia\ys may •earty--reeewe-!Legi8kUye~consideratibn r -in—the, following language: -.y—. • ; ' The oppressive-.and;unequal operation of the laws regulatiiig the assessnientof prPgert^is a 'subjectpf general and just'complaint A Targe share'of tho. persopaV Jrbpefty-escapes-assess r incnt altogetlier, wnile in many portions \:6f the StsfeTrosFestate ircstimstc*.by thb ascsscrs at less than half its iictuahvaluei To the extent syjiltbafiqlw^ « §H^ii|^-fa|fy>^ Viewed! in. this %hti it^tpd l»y 4|nl!tUlcj,.a;na' thelabPra of tliq.mpstrenp\vned Jp))Htic1i^'r;efo^ers'. sihririk to very moderatp; di- ^phsWjj's' BCMP the labors of FatiM3|^^thjj*yia. Ming)8ye.iti!nlbjis pf hisjrotlireii frppj4he4egi. pidivtipnandpoyei'ty of^^drujkcRno.s^tp^brijjty n|fd cqnipetenco; , ' ; ;,. <]&VQ^clrsQeVe>'pra'^^^ or^^ noisy c«uciis candidates, for sonib tp.^ij o^ 0 i may' ctj_ M insignificance;\ 'against.tli^^teniperaiico ' oritcrp>ise,,tlvby carniot rob. tlio^au'se'pf ,itf ij|g» nitjr, i|piKJibc>''laVor^r»''triewi^.pf ri fljoij' ijojy^rol-~ • 'Gicsar iiepr^yon. .triftinpha.^ rliog\«si ^atijpg Jl^tiiPX-,, V. ^W foftWr-<*JBj»ali, ••hiiflvp riiiHip)tis,(tb v 0 hit^ors^.e;4^ ^ainyC -jWow. afdViiagie '^r^^p^liQ^^'j^^^iyli^c^' world, Jfprj hi^philaiitlMpjc^eff^ thycpndifibn'of.t^ .. tpimprispnmontlp^ .•_ enteri>.rise '.$peksr^^tbjsayl; roon*'f|o%.Hb^a%mpiht\ Byieallinytiie^^pTiy^^^ . :usefut.ncS8;.. Is\it-besccssarytpftrrayih.g.iip^iijling 'staMstkf, of misory^ pauperism and crimp which , , l^yo thMr ojigin intte liso of intoxic;iting.dirtnk»,., ,tpgonyincb. thj •seoffei; that tno.8ucc,e§jipf t^ia. 'reform mfflsg^tybyifciptfxi'jtt wretchediiesV; from, .tho /earth.jthii^ flesh 'is bthpr'wi.sei hoir;'.J« J . iot him lbpl at tji«.t. nm£e>£fgrty j^tj^niBcinky pritsin tiiisjstatp.alpijiejliiit^^have^.J>p.p'n,-1je3fito the ' prison libjise for criiiips.pcmmittei- \vjiile , under. .tho influence^ • Lot him^goJfb,. imr; ebuntyj \ alttisJipUsej; to ,thii; •. State, and there\lopk-in. «DPn the yietims of \vant,rcduccd to beggary by the intonipcranca of a husbahd^and parcntfand wliilo the tear pf.com- passion, moistpns liis pitying byo,.,ifi^ jiim look , iri0 the cheerlessabodpsef .:ppvprty,_9pat|ered; in l; unniiriibored prpi'^sipn th^p^gJiea|,..o^r.jai^a..'><j. il .ties ajnd tpwns^^ ibginnjatesj^^ reducedI -4^^f^f.«%t|oi!t-'a{iA:.tro}li(ig: J! '|n^.. filth^peppliiig these styep!iketpnenipntAb«ctiS»a : an inbbri.ate'Jinsband .and./ather' squanders, his : own and family's earhing$,fpr tjiat \yiu'ch,,'ia-,not bread and wiucll.aUikfyotlu;npt:^:Sut^hic|l-«t> T last bitoth like a sofpbnt and stiiigcthlike an ad- der.; and then;say, if l)o caiv ao fih.d- it in.liif,,-' heart;' tlj^tfib^cmp^rance enterprise is a. -f petty i hobby.'r.'Av^freak pf fancy,\ an •^uisignin&t.» r . J\ uicvcmcnt. fl i'Sj^-^Hhat a portion of the taxable property of the -„, „ - . . „ , , , <T State escapes assessment, tiieturthpn of taxa- . Epr-n-fow-ycar8.past, there has.been no time •• - - - \'• •• • ' but what tbe'-most iiidiileront could be brought to admit the propriety of amending the assess- ment la^ys witiiayiewto make taxation more equal, \But fill very lately there have heoii but Tevv who did.net deem its accomplishment's a tbingimpqssible, regarding the law as a.settled wrpng Which future goiicratipiis must eiidurc. Tliis sleepy conviction had stolp ever tho ini'nds of mdiv-uhawnres, bnditayas npt until the yoke bccTTmB galling \fb\tTie necks of the! wearers* that the thought was really entertained thata remedy ^<ri^feajpp\Vob;; • people-have generally rognrd- and still too much regard, tho tegislathre as a creature above, and irresponsible to tfioih, instead -of a.creatureof their owm foEination,,and direct- ly accountable to thum.^. This popular error, onpo rcnioye'd from tlie public, mind, and we can. CSnoeive of no law of legislative brigiii which niay not be made to cpnformto tlie public will. It may require a desperate struggle of right against might, of poverty against monopoly, pft -simple, untitled justice against the intrigues of lobbies, tlie subsidy of wealth, and Iho dignity -pf place and titled nobility; but tho right of universal suffrage onceseeured, and all these'op- posing ob.3tacles-to refenn maybe made to yield to ttio popular \vil.l,as thcrush, yields to the blast. tion is unjustly increased, on'the remnindor.-^- These evils demand an effective remedy. A Careful revision of the, existing laws hits bcepmo indispensable, and\! trasf thesubjoct will engage your early and earnest attchtien.. But evidence t>f progress does not stpp he'rp. Already hayo'two or three bills-been introduced Hut ho Whbj.j:pntemptilbivsJ^ wPrkji need net turn away, for the want of other . . eonvjneing tests,tl)ijt.itjs not of thatepiitcnipti* Lie character which his. inditVcrenco haa, aougiit , f 'to, stanip;upon it. • : \ ';: * • \•\ \. v .- \. Ruupbrejnlist be-supporteojimd criminals pun- J ishca.- .Ttpife thai] twoiniifians of dollars noun- 'j nunity .yyrjiiig front ,thp- seber citizens:- pf- tlj»-7- state; tp'Jmytjio expenses of pauperism which has its origin in tlie. use pf ardent,spirits; and more than one million more to pay tho police and. the expenses of criminal justice, arising from tho same fruitful source. A scheme which should; embraee no grea'ter ends, than that of saving three millions „of money-to a State like Noyr ihto-tlio Legislature,\ tflnclung-this^ubject^-pne-JC<Srk» may-jhtJeast bo dignified by'oppel.lativcia- to \^arneha the assessment' laws,\ another to above that of \insignificance.\ ', _ ~ To these thtoo.millipiis, oxtortcd from tho peo- ple to pay the expanses of inebriety, we may. TKeC«i*e iWcinytd«. 1 >•'•*>:'. ..CuYarpXjJanuaryjl.stjlSSli-;- .MESSB». Eni^Ks^Itiodi/liaiimd rofim r aml lliillk iljjj. jilliiiiiiaimaaiifinn! I.\ I 1 \ 1 i» yftnf'pa- jHir ymvmay^lnacrl,-itiJ-^T '• .',1^ ' . [' .' ,'. :; ., Qiifthd fith bf April.I«i«t,:tIforo -tvirt mat-ifu'tea Jin this-yiftngbf a Djviwpn of tho Sons, of-Jem* j&ehinebj «ith soycntccir- charJ«Sr^Somber*; Tltr t>lyisiph,ha8 T prp*j^red;4eyTBi^ the nibst sanguine; tyb Wow liiimbbr ever ei|ht/ members, »nd havenomc fifteen yet to initiate, ^vhp' iiayo- Jieen proposed and olected;' We have ihadtipuViolitipria;. i|rid wo:do : npt expeet tp Kiive, *HhpUgh : tlib ^etitter'* is veryihbap, arid 'I: think ^IrSbn of Teiripsra^fecbul'dgcitho^rat gtit8,i''fbr riflljuhgi indeed, it^naaHbben offCTed toSoiiiq of ttjem?,irnd' :biyo licSifllfesscl! fmrd -W bike it, hiMiby'tP\^mah ip, far resisted. I say we do Sot exppc?t\ij6;hn\-e-aiiy Violations, from the fiict. tTia't oiirri£ot.nbcfti are all workiiig Tein]H>rnnco, men.'afidbw motto' is. ftpcass so liardjiie inatt .fallen'sp.JfdW'tliiit ho may uofbtt'sa^qd We hive 4$6ijVl>te)^tf£igiBi'tfie '^'riCtai'.'6Jr**-thct-' Tnta-Xeitsrs^ we Jinvpilipm frptn: thetlitch, and we have those tlint ijbvQpsoJpSjMwh^ndJyg^nj^^ orinearlriuijiittcna ournieetiiii^^gularaiidare all; resolved to stick Id tjfe :gbod slijp Tcinpcr- a|lcQ'n«:Jbn||tt ; thM & a druiikard tb save; bra TWir-ItPl&fe.at'op.\ '- -' --' r^.s..i.*V<i ; *.L i i-/i.-' Public mental slid moral lethargy is tho only. . --- ..,.—, --._-,...„. ,..j .. „..„„..,. rpsist|pg^force that can rotard the p'rogrcss^of j^piioplo wcre_uftm'uiU>keably attached to., tlie free any.desiraljlc reftrm, where the inestimable right scupot.principlo. - , 4:pf ttniversal suffrage, is canstifutionallyisecurcd; 2d. Anptlier fahlcy in the Itogistcr's assump- Afewmontli^ since, and tv re form in the assess- t'i6n:is5that Now- York city has no.intercsf'in the. question, A mouiont'a examination will; show j^hiit .8hels jii^t as inufch: infercsted as' Albany, county; pTJbyelrabnrbrnnyVther. ^f^y^jrjajrntj? in the-State, New.York, as well jftiy pr'Jenersbh,. is entitled to its propor In ncljtjbjitn'*ir>i»f«iftii VifiliivS^n. \f-Tp'nv pcrartcoi \% „ %.*:Sp**fi TillagB;' Sons ant Weasilf^y Tempiira'iice IlPteVkfept '*&L G;. afori*ATi, of this p^-£iqt!or,. j'pined liis Twjipcja.nce: bbusoinnd is ;niod;\W 'Triiyeleft and iy f.iy()r ;, liim with it call Jrptb«c'M0j|da*ipj^ fjbliMjwmoadled'tJiii' ih$i(lfc,.iaiid cnlsrgcdihfedi- OTng'*OTm)k iiiid «8h^ccbmrnpaate arliirge party, ja^W»4iW\e-'fein!tl)l)- b*iit; : ns miihy cart testify *tOj .'«jh6;SjrBj*ratt'illJ» d^i'psrtj^a8teyeriitig,and thc;.e6oliing deliarliftijhf ulider' tlie direction, of Mi$••Mqmt,mVbi '.cprtdnete^Hn tlieWsiposr ^ISibmHftrmrV(ii!J4ioybasb:tte ^r«;*iof i^*t v*b^b:'ibf 3^tlj8^-hia«p:8ud : \®Nj^ijo;pAWs^ :J»eiiedini«|HiOTll$g^]^fp^^t»jpao)fe l»BI».I^-ir,.A l T-M-.4»3it*-iii J .ii«.-. .•^Viil|-iiw2ia,T.i.l-.-.tIii-^Kli.^ll':.iB^^^Hi--_-ji,T-i 'Mi^|^«ia;Ji)W*^jij^!iE. : ^ tion, -at the state school fund;_and_all_of-4lie--roadiii'ssombevidences of the final success that money necessary to ««fry on the schools : in any cpunly,' after the application of the state school money;Ijuis to be raised in each cquntyby,itself, That is, the coiuinon school \money is appor- tioned to every county atjcording to its ratio of ^opulatiPn. New Ybrk county (which is the city) receives in this\prbpbrtioii 3 and jeiferson county the same. All the money that New York gets, aside from this, she is obliged to r.iise within her ovvft borders, and the same with Jef- ferson.. - ' Their interest in the question is the aairtef except.. sn far-!ii»_ili.Htjigt_fag4'jb - WJ ^nf e- ebneemed, But the act establishing, free schools- 'thrbu'glioUfctUoSfaite.niakos.n^c.yeeptioii of any cities that had nQfcgneoial provisions regul.iting their schoois,and_fi.vnressto provides.that-jnatt of thaii \free ami-gratuitous education shall'be furnishea; to all the childrqn'thcrem,\ The citi- zens of New.Ybrkf then, hud jnst as much inter- est in est«blish!ng\fi'ee sehols williin her borders, as Jefferson courity has in\ liers. The question .\Vas_m(l)mittod as a-whole for the Whole Sbtt«, yet comities are only effected individually by the \proylsibns of the law. Arid -it is just as\ con- sistc'ntto say that Jefferson lias no interest in iho.qiiestionas that New York ha»not. . TBntitis presumed that the Le^elaturc, not- •Syitiistahdihg the Kcgistcrt aMivfeio disregard the votes of the people wUl ,*»« |j* Siiy in anbthier direction. ' Koi fa j&jtiwrftpg (the &w. uient laws, though .of admitted propriety, was regarded as a. hopelqss.thing; but-the prospect is now somewhat changed. »No sooner does the public mind begin to awaken, than budding signs of success appear. 'Our purpose in this article is to sliovv to our Jisyaits them in thi^ reform^ The Onondaga Standard, n'paper of extensive circulation, published-at Syracuse, afterpublish- ing the call for a \ Farmer's-Meoting \in Water- towiij (which mefeting has been held, and its do- liberatipns laid before the public,) remarks— 'The abeve notice is signed by about one hum- dredprpminent citizens, who have felt called up- on, in tlda public manner, to express their hostili- ty to the existing laws relative to taxation, and to demand a thoroiigh reform.. This is a. movement that has Ipjig been de- jnanded-bjLthe-nnha ting to 'tjixatibn tee \both grossly unequal and \equalize taxation.\ What tho result will he, cannot how'be foretold. .Tim success of the re- form depono* ni a great measure lipoo^lHo Will of the p'ebplo'. If \they pray witho'nt ceasing for redress, it may possibly be obtained this year; but that there will be a longnndseverc struggle between the power of wealthymd the claims of jiisti.ee , We entertain no doubt' No^nrtifice will be left untried to stave off action, or to prevent all essential modifications of the eld law by neu- tralizing antidetes, or by providing subterfuges for a too easy virtue to evade the spirit of the now law, should one be enacted. We rather expect defeat this ycar,-hut wo bei iicve fliosB who coritribhte to if, cither directly or indirectly, will bp called upon to \ stand from under\ tlie popular indignation next. The-Temperance—Enterprise A « Petty r . It is ncpiciv thing in«ihc annals of refbrm, for opponents to the suefcess of any measure of hu- mart limeliomtionj to belittle it, if possible, in tho eyes of those who vicy* it with favor. No man, how zealous soever he'may be, wiliheartily chgageinany cause if he entertains the \idea that the Cnd he' is \seeking is really of trifling imporr. Cancc. '•;.'. The nroit grand and' 'sublime moral move- ments of the last four centuries have \becirtreat- ed by opponents as\ 1 \ petty hobbies,\ mere clu-, moras of too frivolous a nature to engage the attention of any but vvcak and'iinrroW minded. men.* \ * To talk\6r think of strilung a deadly blow at ourlicrnse system, which regula tcs the traffic in ' millions of dollars worth Pf intoxicating drinks, richly entitles ene tp the appellatien of a \wild enthusiast^ .\ \ reckless' innovator,\ mid to the jeers, ridicule, contempt and abuse of all oppo- nents, from the judge robed in his ermine, and the •senatpr in his gowrti down to the noisy constable that prates at our eni^nsp\ f\?d/\\\' add annually §ao,000,000 voluntarily paid by the votaries of drink to gratify a vitiated appe- tite, which the tumperauce eilterpfisc wouldturn\ to some more commendable use.—i If temperanceis-a \hobby 1 then it is one of thp most sublime and magnificent' that evor aU trnctcd, the -attention of the : soyereign pcp|>ie of ' this State, or the world, it' strikes at tlie very root of the hugest vices, the most revolting; brinies,the lowest poverty andwretchedneaa r and • the most enormous, expenditures, and seeks tp renibvo;tliemall. . ^ a . , . Who is notwilling to share in all the contempt . and ridicule that can be heaped upon a cauao\ like this. Who willshrink from a classification ' Unjust.Tand need a thorough revision. .Itis-mfty\ m\wh%gCTyntetccttons. a favorable.period totakestepafor tho remedy of this evil. The pooplo in all sections of the State ascLidemanding action:- smd by a cofrcerted eilbrfc this. Win tor, the Legislature may be iiiduccd tp griint \yhat is v desired. - . The Madispn County Whig has the fb»ow- ing:^. WEqtTAUTY OF TiXATIOS. £ \Vc do not knfliv that \vo have ever said that not ono-thitd of the personal.property pf this county is ever taxed. If we have iiot-sald hVwe are froe to. say it now J and a cursory examina- tion of ttfB assessment roll for thisyeaf corrobo- ratcstheassertien. In two years tlicassessmeht of personal property has been'imreased in Citz- enpvia §167,000, and in tlie balance of the coun- ty only #6,824! The assessment of Hamilton inost valorous things in the cause of democracy with such-iranies asKcuben H. VValworth, The-, pdbrp jprelitighuyseii, Lyinan' Beecher,- Juatni Edwiirds, ( Thegbald Mnthew,' John B; Gough, Horace Eaton, and the last si.v emineift men who have filled the. Presidential chair of the'United^ States, and prominent amongyyhose deeds \waa the signing ef the temperance: pledge. If we, as temperance men, must bear the ignominy of .\trillcrs\ ahd.\hebbyista we may' at least consofe ourselves with the somewhat'ploasjng re. flection that we have illustrious, names # shan» with lis tho obloquy^ iwzss BBUCI snroBjta.. SK^VVe imvojtho gratification of informing ottr^e:idcr.s that .-tlie ^celebrated Swiss BELI. RISGEHS will favor our-Citizcris with two of their charming musical entertainments at Apollo Hrill r . on Monday and Tuesday evenings next The novel and astonishing performances of thiscom- pnny have been received with the greatest ap^ pliiusc throughout this country and Europe. It Will'be seen by reference to their advertisement, •that in \ndditiontp . Bell music they liavea Quar-' tetfe Band, and the \ MAJOR;\ their ngpnt jJU .y._ ney win on this dcCasioij siiig their celebrated -fab in tli^s period gene down sixty per cent., ex- cluding g4O,O0O. bank stock breught thero fcr -,. ... . tji . - ., - ; , .mrcstment Sullivan returns 20 ^per coni less butrn amending jJ*4tfefc-faiie ^leSUils 4o ctuaport personal proi>crty than jn: 1848T^bcTrOT reports withjifeffe*a^i&ew-3Hijftfe||miyfl.e. jadearcage of $14,000; ether tovyns exhibit t-. If tlifi 36»^B!iif«ai5e- *if tfliSlLitg.e||/ttjtW 1\ftVp jMfiSJ* 1 '^^-:^\ ipi'|p!i ,^!g^€\t6» at>» flute^Mt^iiijWftl'ftfe que* L oaa j or Such W-as; the portion of Murtin Luther, for deekring tlfe freedonr of conscience, till more savage means were found hecossary io crush his \heresies. Such was the opposition that Samuel Romily and- his wadjutore encountered,\from I thojfear 1806 to 1818, in their perseTering but Vain efforts to soften and reform the criminal code ef England. That lavir, then- *' the perfectipn of human reason,\ hung 'poor sailors and sol- diers for begging bread in the streets. The un- fortunate culprit who should shtfot a hare in the park, of a hbbleman, was hung lip by tho neck tillhe was deadi Yet who hut a \ wild enthu- siast\ would attack a iaw revered for ages, and sanctioned by the judges of the law for ten cofi- :CAi.itpBslAgos6 i descripth'c-ofg voyage to and \ life in tho \ digghis.\ Tjie^PTHptiiy will, visit Copenhagen, Lbwe* ville and IJponville on their route to Rome. • • =*__ Fire at JJiica. The First Presbyterian Church atUtica'wrt Consumed by fire on Monday morning last, at about one o'clock. The building was insured for $10,000. The cost was abou\f 30,000. Nothing-is known of the. origin of the )fftt»; * but the city watch had only a,^fqw momebts be- fore arrested a-coiiple of men for an attempt to fire the Welsh Congregational Church, on the same street. There was\ an organ in the churchy which was «ligftt iraprovcriieiits. iovia has tWOrfiftliabf the assessed peri m^fem«t»^^ iiiieiiineietetfle^ireajlKC - \j' :Ba * * rho *.a^juainted with tiio wealth aniresoiir- •orjsjlmals^oje!* 88 of SmitMcld or .Stockbridge, boiicves they ' m s&fmd' at oacrqoarter their true value ?-^ Who tint has tra-vcraed those towns and \wit- •P^^f i^Skl^f#' ^P«Sl ** ; * i#»^#%fr .fif -linpncShuMimrt «rf *he+iS\fe \dfepfay of'pe^l we'alto on everv tuiies? Naught but ridicule and abuse for a ', also destroyed, and also a small hcuse, pecupied jon a -timo were awarded to Shafpe, and Wilbcr- ! »)' the. sexton,, adjoining.' forcci-lnd others, fpr their humaiib attempt te | * \ '-<—•—~~*~~- ,.'•'\ ^ abolish the Slave trade and slavery.- Itewland ' I*»E&utAwiY: OF. THE MAIES.-r-Since tho Sill, for his scheme pf penny ppstage in Eng* J cpmmenceitient 64the storm about Christmas land, wasridiculedby'the whole bevycfpfficials } we -knew by e.xp.eriencc,iri the receipt of our f as a \ visionary dreamer/\ But there nro but j mails from a distance, that greaWttegularity <sx- - ,«.»*«.« .!.—•- i ,w n oceiisioh, a pprfibn ofpurNe*- '^^Mii^m^^yM«^r-^eiiit!g *p,^i) f#».,_teni»-<>f catttc, flock* of *hecp,\stores~ me J \ \'\ liJgaii^i'^rgKte ;%^i«a;taid-^fa^ ••-\-^- - MtiKO^WtyW^owMti^ mlim; a * t *'* s ' «*n*«ii toiittii ojtte^pfi't|| ; -*:t^ few cases 6n record where reformers have been treated witliauch cool contempt, and more bpast- fully defied than Adam Smith,. Ricliard Cpbdeii and their co-workers, in their attempt to rontove the duties: on^ciulstuntimportcd into England. ^™fe&y^^ amounts inv«te#l| All of thgse great measures, which ne* re- \ ' ^.r*r*A^* r , hs,a& ** n * ™ tt g a g<*' mM <Mtiinate I fleet bono; ^ar^;n9»iB:Wlib 1 Ii*y(S 8W!ar*feggbt^1u, n T ^»^dm^mf^mrtiihSr'pim»m\ propertyluriowas *25o66l {.....-^a!^- ,^1,^.. .„-...«.. •'M.^...-. s m gji^f^ W i tb no ioviai^ajji,,.. same remarks apple to nearly every -, - , ™ an \\\sSratiDn of the system of under^l!^^^!;^!!^ flung^te the teinire^roteTrui taxahon hpon real .estate. In addi- mmgm&i! mmi*,-Ut&mw di^,p^l& infe] tion to thefacility witl! wbieli personal p'rhftCrty .«%f,'sr&o Kin in &e »<re*t*, and aiiieai selectl^ ^ bdiicealedprits amonnt withheld,, it is en- •elM»U%,teth*agffcw!fairfdWdkt»«Il thatdt^w H^a*i?\S i '*' bao,f ^ the «n>'onntof the owii-* p,A«c:mP B ey,»pd more too, attend m common \ ^^^^^'^Stft r upon their originators, and bring mi? immbercd blessings to those enjoying the rich reward pf their labors, Were \potty hobbies > y in the ayes of their Ppponenta. Yet we speak less ien we say that the greatest-iof these is lossin importance tip mankmd,in atem- poral point of Viow, than the •suppression 6f ,in- te'mperance. The importance of any ineasure is t o l)e tt-st- cd by the ampmit of Iiuman suffering it alle- iyts. On one York mail tamo in from Ogdensburgh several days after it was due.. Seme times; papers\ of a later date arrive befera ethcts from the same press of an earlier date., Freni pur own oxpe-^' ricneeih tliis-mntter, we judge that pur readers\ ' may experience like incorivehipneo. If they dbj, we are Confident that it is nttributablc to tho bad road*, and causes incidental thereto. Papers frdni this pffiaejutt-maiiwl wifl^sinuek-pTOiiiptr-- ncss and care asfbrmerly, and Wpdottbt not tb^at postmasters arc attontivo in' the discharge of. fhoir'duties. We think what irregularities bavo occurred must be attrlbutablo tb the roads; cefc tainly they are boyottd oiir presbht means of Correction. THEODORE ' ( A, S. B>i This is tl Wtioii pf b SIRRUSO. fttdimentso •cioace, Whi ,c ceivcdbut \the beneficii opontho mi Wceivb. Tl »ttribntedj \^\^ffilFaUnpl :'» Wr ~s^ :!»••' i^'-' ts *M'-

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