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The journal and Republican. (Lowville, N.Y.) 1860-1909, April 04, 1860, Image 1

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;-> r v ffe piiri^F „ POBU «il!PBVJtBrW*tt««»iTlldmWNO. AT LOWVIltlS: K. V., BT H. A. PHILLIPS, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR, Q, S. BAILEY, ABSOCIATK EDITOR. TEBMJS.-One Hollar at»I FIOj C \ ~\~ H paper* will bo ill~ci>nlinuri! UMIII i paiv!, except at ilie option of lbs Publajfaer. JOB PBIJITflMlt Alt KOTOS OP JOB^Bflrailft 0«I W *• » The Inirnal & R^pirtli^AB Ofllte la WW | W iil, a new and targe a sortmom of Job am T )P f All Job . rinilng'will be e*ecutrd w;th Cjjoite f flttrg To Oh! i Tlv We'd A* \ Ora Arn .WI To Moni Brit nmkc n it rami dirjil f ii wore He , good and g jjet uj> such never yet «\« nd-Mnraliul a „£e another •'ielJ wonSd 1 ride alon- in s, no doubt, < nful of love And Willis, I'rum ! Invi Hulfc (W< Aw! I AllL But, « We Willi . We'll te hei to Ilia ck would sei >u!d Bryant .es!ie-« artist 1 post tier lb 1* the Quern 'lfcumpliiueilit jur usual qu blow up lial r Mojo racioii. n »l>\c Vntes\ •fit*; cud lie would and g, lu^ lill. place [ her u »et her sskeu rough i can't . hev 1heir inide f a dos Or bum the Citv„ Hall, Just as we did a H •Tide ., Ill V . Kty, i Cincoii tucle ' und Hudson wot ir \ that barouche, write an ode, MVlld, i> inverse. down T) :li lier lace, the town. ,-ome herself, vice,, KHlMMta . ?'°- Wi i jops will'till present— bouquet* .' Aide Tli Will ttienbrtfig up the renr. he Major will ask •• ilia-Grace ,( *i And muko a speech as well, nd him bis daguerreotype, We'll take him V To Black well' the Hospital, > and Sing Sing, e deaf and dumb, Anil show liiui everything. A grand know-nothing meeting- will Arrange.a fancy 1*11, And nil our wives and dnugeters run Tjmakc a friendly call. ,\\VH blow up n balloon or livo, And sail to Wttshiiietoii , Present him at the seal of tear, And let him hear the (ui? : ID short we'll do the thing in style, Just as we always do. And (akin? (as the prudent should) Time by the forelock too— I- how • elcc piscellantflits. From the New-York Merc BEAUX l.\D BROOMS. WUUIS:$t,50 I S ADVAHOE \ 9l iffei^ty j^h^l *f £oiiiics, =Ke«3 v Jfcfehtftfe, ft-i goUf.ee,. ftgHe nifqlre ^3 Injfy. REP1BM€A\ JESTABIISHIIJ P IX 1838. < $1,75 AT END OF THE TEAS VOLUME 1. y tOWTlLLF, •• Cyme h.-iv. you. Madge, you high fiver, rind tell me what you've been about!' said Captain Mumfurd to his daughter—a wild, hoydenish miss in her teens, who had, in some unaccountable way. smitten the hearts of two worthy swa:n-> of the vHlage; but both had met that morning at- the Captain's house, on the same errand, viz. : his consent to their union with his daughter. Each had jealously watched the move- ments of the other; and they had come purposely at the same time, to pour their tales of love in the father's . ear, each hoping to enlist the sympathy of the worthy man in their cause. The tales were soon told : and when the captain left them, standing beside the garden fence, to question Madge, one amused himself by chewing a chip of birch, while the other whittled a hickory stick into a walking cane, and wh^|tled \ Oh, carry me 'long.\ The captain, who was fair in his deal- ings, didn't like anything thai looked like deceit or coquetry in either sex ; and when, as he propounded-the ques- tion, Madge saw the anger in his «y'es, she blushed, hung her head, and remain ed silent. She had seen the approach of her two lovers, and readily guessed their errand—for she had with a maiden's love of adm ration, encouraged both to think themselves equally dear to her. Stamping his foot, to give more force to the expression^ the captain continued : \ Jf you've been fooling with'both these fellows, Maftte, you shall have your pay for it—d'o.you hear? They *ve both come to tne with a long rigma- role about the attentions you have re- ceived from them; and both insist on being favored with your hand. Dunn says he knows you prefer7u»t, from the fact that you accepted a ring from him last week; while Dobbins thinks you never would have taken the chain and locket from him had he not been the fa- vored one. In fact, Madge, both think themselves good as engaged to you. A pretty how-d'ye-do fur honest John Mum- ford's daughter.\ ' Both ring and locket were glistening on the fair person of Madge, as she re- plied^ \ Really, father, I didn't think it a se- rious matter. I'tri sure I have never en- gaged myself to [either.\ \Ah Madge, jo&dge, no such paltry excuse will smooth oyer the matter with me. You've encouraged the attentionsj of both. liave yon a preference for.ei- ther, Madge ?—ibr I will not believe you have the same regard for both. 7 ' Again Madge blushed and hung her head without replying,, and the captain turned on his htefel to depart; but, ere he had reached the door, a trembling hand arrested him, add a voice scarcely audi- ble, said: ! \ I like Charley best, father; please give the preference to him.\ \ You do, eh j Then why didn't you tell him so in pie first of it, and give Eben the mittjen at once, instead of keeping them both along as you have done, you wickep little minx •? But your confession has come too late. As you have dealt even y with both, so will I.— They both starti out peddling brooms,to- morrow; and the one that disposes oT his four hundred first, and returns with the most cash, shall be rewarded with your hand. Dp you hear?\ \ Yes, papa; I but Eben\ has the advan- tage, having followed peddling for four years and upwjards, while Charley is a novice in the bfrsiness. This is his trial trip.'- \I can't help that, Madge. I shall make the offer} and if they consent, I'll see to it that yjou abide the decision; so let me bear tlo whim] very comfortable around the heart? while Captain Mumfiird made the proj o\ [ sition to the two admirers. It is needless to add, that it was.read- | ily accepted by both \Dobbins and Dunn. ' The former, though inexperienced in 1 peddling, felt sure fie could manage 1 to sell the brooms somehow, and he has I tened home and loaded his cart-'-whieh had been purelitiscd tho week before, by his father, aud, with a suitable nag and harness, given to him ns a kind of set I ting out; tor, as he bad just turned twen- , ho was expected, by Father Dob- ] bins, to do for himself. Eben Dunn, showing none of that iter I vons excitement which characterised the J movements of Dobbins, made cool prep- iratious for a start; and, two hours after I Charley had set off toward the setting I sun, with his load of brooms, he turacd s horse's head toward the east, and, I confident of winning tho prize, took his departure from the little village of Wild >od, in fine spirits, soliloquizing, aa h'is | nag rambled along over hill and dale: \Four hundred brooms is a master j pile to sell in a week, but 1 believe I can They ought to bring two thil- lings apiece; but, seeing there's so much I at stake, I shall put them down at twen- ty cents, or eighteen shillings a dozen.— Small profits make ready sales now-a- I reckon Dobbins-ill wish his ns somewhere else before he ped- J dies 'em all off; he looked sorter chop- I fallen at the cap'n's propersition, but as it was his only chance, he didn't care to efuse. Madge is a smart glirl for bizi- less, besides being pretty l; jest as if she vas a going to throw herBclf away upon I Charley Dobbins, when she has a stand- ing (jifljcr from Mister Fbenezer Dunn, Esq.! Hip! g'lang pony !\ Just then, he came in sight of a farm house, % where, an hour after, he sold half) ii dozen brooms, at twenty cents apiece; and then', at the request of the farmer's rife, who had four grown up daughters on the; qui vive for husbands—dined with I the family on corn'beef and boiled pud- I f l'\g- \I have sold you the brooms rcmark- I ably cheap,\ said he, rising to depart; \but I have four.hundred to, dispose of| and I am in haste to got rid of 'em ; you see (casting his eyes around on the four •etty daughters) I am anxious to settle down, and take to myself a wife.\ Don't you think you could take an- other half dozen?\ asked Rose, blushing like the fair flower—her namesake—as die edged up to her mother. \Well 1 don't know but I might,\ said the nigther, looking from her eldest to ; the keen eyed peddler ; \considerin' the sarcumstances, I guess I will, brooms all the better for seasoning, as I often heard gran'ther say ; you may count me ut another half dozen, if I can pack 'em nway somewhere, where tho mice won't get at 'em, they'll keep. And then, who knows but one of my darters may chance to get married, and want a set of brooms for herself?\ True, madam,\ said Dunn, glancing j first at the mother, then at thergirls; \ if [ they remain single it will be from choice. for I know of opportunities clpse at hand whereby they may change their state of le-blessedness, but modesty forbids to say more. (rood.day, madam ; good day, young ladies.\ -t But the voice of tho t kind-hearted^old lady stayed his departure, bidding him count out another dozen and a halC-of! brooms ; for, said she, \ If the , rjght chaps should come aloug, and the girls should take it into their heads to get rried, I'd like half a dozen for each.\ 'Madam,\ said Dunn, squeezing Mr. Barloe's fat hand, t: I'm under a thousand obligations to you for your, liberal pat- mage. That eldest daughter of yours i a jewel; tell her I say s\>, will you, and that I shall think of her till we meet \ I told you that your brooms wen good for nothing,\ said the lady of tho house, on Dobbins' first appearance the following morning, .\ one is broken al LEWIS COUNTY,^. Y., ^DNpSDA^ , APRIL 4, 1860. eady. \the r.e !ext time I come along I'll biing you the handle for it,\ said Dobbins, by way of conciliation. . \ You'd better, and; bring brooms with good hickory handles, too, if you expect to keep me for a oustomer.\ \ Yes, ma'am,\ sa4d Dobbins. \ I'll have some made cxpeessly for your use.'\ And, as he spoke he glanced at hor hus- band, who raised his shoulders and drew in his head like a mud turtle, as If he felt the weight of the hickory broomstick de- scending upon him with every word she uttered. After breakfast, as Dobbins was pre- paring to commence his journey, the old ,n came slowly up, aud touching him the shoulder, said : 'Make the broptns you bring for the old woman a leetle heavier in the corn, and be sure to put in white pine handles!' Yes, .sir,\ Raid Dobbins, giving hjm a knowing wink, \now that I know 1 the use she makes of 'em, I'll be sure and obey your instructions.\ The old man gave him a cordial shake of the hand; and getting soon under way,, ho reached Aidortown, a snug little village with a half dozen stores and gro- ceries, before noon. Here ho determin- ed to make a trade in some shape, and by using his oratorical and p^ttsuasive powers in an emphatic manner, at length persuaded the. proprietor of an institu- tion, a kind of \ dry-goods, grocery and hardware stote\ into making him an. of- I fee. , , '• 1 will tako your whole stock of, brooms,\ said the seller of tapes and mo- j lasses, \ allow you three dollars a dozen ' for 'em provided you'll takei half cash, J half store pay.\ I I Dobbins looked around upon the stale groceries and smoky prints, scratched his head and said : \I'd take you at your i^fter, but you'll want me to take my pay in unsalable articles, and tuck on a prof- it at that.\ \ No, indeed,\ was the reply, \ you may select anything you please from my stock, and have it all at cost prices.— Here's Java cofiec, New Oilcans molas- ses. Muscovado sugar, and just the finest Dunn i again.\ Thank you,\ said Mrs. Barloe, cour- tesy ing. \If you should find trouble in getting rid of your brooms, don't mind coming iback this way if you do have a few left. ' I calculate I could dispose of 'em among ray own friends.\ With thanks for her kindness, and a wave of the band, the peddler departed ; and at alj ; houses where they had gr up daughters, by his tact, ljie was sui drive a good trade. His brooms disappeared rapidly, and on the Monday following his departu from Fieldwood, he found himself wi about fifty brooms, and the proceeds of] his sales in hard cash in his overcoat pocket; so he turned his horses head homeward—thinking, by taking a differ- ent route, he might dispose of the re- mainder by the way. Charles Dobbins, as we have before said, ^fas a novice in the art of peddling, and as he mounted his cart, drew his reins through his hands, and cracked his whip, he felt some slight misgivings as to the result, yet determined to do his best. \ I say, Charley, don't get the dumps if busidess don't flourish on the start,\ said his father, on parting. I \Stick to the good old price of twenty-jfive cents a broom; give your tongue full .play at! every^ house you come to, and you'll come out all right and get tho gal into the bargain.\ Though Charley that day found plenty who were ready to give him a shilling, j or even eighteen cents for bis brooms,! he determined to follow his father's ad-1 vice, and stick to the old price; conse- quently, when night cams on, although he had traveled many miles, he hadn't sold a broom. H e had, toj be sure, a hard dollar in his pocket, yejt he determ- ined not to spend it for a nighl's lodging. So he continued to ride after Ithe sun went down, until he came taanouj, of] the way place, where a woman offered to keep both himself and the nag over night for three brooms, provided they were good. , Dobbins assured her that they were the prime article—A number one^—but only ocular demonstration would satisfy her , so she followed him bat to the'eBrt and selected three, with good strong lain dies-—greatly' fearing ah? the fiine that they were not strong enough for her use. Dobbins wondered greatly, as he led his nag to water, what use 'she pat her brooms to, that she needed such strong handles; bat ere morning bis wonder\ ceased, for lodging in a room d^reetly over taM occupied by bis hostess and he be«rd about midnight, sounds lHte the whaokia* of » htroooa- etick, and the stoggering J*i t of a person who—from the stop* aad sounds of voi- ' to ba d<*6gb% ajboat *to . 1W If Eben comes bat victorious, you shall f calicoes and ginghams to be fi. this side of New York.\ \So you say I may select from any urtieks you have for sale, and have'em at cost?\ \ Yes, 1 do.\ \ Well, conic on, then, and help me unload ; it's a bargain.\ Both went to work with alacrity ; the brooms were soon unloaded and put up ; and the merchant, stepping nimbly be- hind the counter, placed the money in the hands of Dobbins, and said: '• What can I show you in the dry-goods or grocery line?\ \ Well, stranger,\ said Dobbins, glan- cing around the store, \ f don't see any- thing that suits me better than brooms, as 1 know to a tee what they cost, I'll take the balance in brooms ; so come on nd help a feller load up.\ The merchant had nothing to say ; he helped Dobbins load in silence : then, as the peddler mounted his cart, and wish- ed him a good day hesiid: \ Whenever you have any more brooms to sell for ' >re pay, just give me a call.\ Dobbins promised noi to forget him, and drove off to the next village, making a similar trade there. And so he con- inued, till on Tuesday, the following iveek, he found his stock reduced to twenty-five. Then he found it necessary to go into the retail trade, by peddling them •from house to house, and as his route that>day lay some miles from a store, through a sparsely settled part of the country, he found a very good sale for his brooms ; so much so, that at night he found him- self reduced to two. These he expected it would be difficult to get rid of, for they were the poorest of the lot. and remarkably weak and slender in the handles. But fortune lied him to the door of a woman, who being a widow had no use for broomsticks, save that of sweeping, and who relieved him of the last of the four hundred, \ as they were light\ and handy—just the thing for her use.\ Dobbins, as may b( not long in making his way back to Wildwood, and when about ten miles from home, he was surprised by the ap- pearance of his rival, Eben Dunn, who, in his peregrinations, had got on the same road as Dobbins, and was also hurrying back to Wildwood to present himself to I the mistress of his heart. Driving up alongside, he took a peep into Dobbins' cart, and was surprised to find it empty. \1 reckon, by the looks of your cart, that you found a ready sale for your broo'ms ?\ said he. \Yes—I experienced no greatdifficul. ty in getting rid of them. But I see you're empty too.\ \ Yes, and have been this long time.\ Here both parties whipped up their beasts ; and, as if by general consent, a race commenced. The road was wide enough for the two carts to proceed abreast—and the race was kept up with spirit until, meet- ng a vehicle that two gentlemen occu- pied (one as a driver, the other a passen- ger^) Dunn did not give quite room enough in passing, and the consequence was, his cart was upset, aud himself roll- ed into the gutter by the wayside. Ile a rose with resenttnent flashing in his eyes, and with the true Yankee spir- it, threatened to chastise the author of his calamity, who, being a heavy, broad- shouldered six-footer, desired no better sport than a brush with, the peddler\. He accordingly gave the Ihies into the hands of his comrade; leaped to the ground, and meeting his challenger half way, gave him such, a dressing that he avoid Ihe Wows. And he occluded that the •delinqWirt spouse, who had gone I to towrit marr.y him t o banish yon for ffirthari\ rthey si y up' in that temperance i Madge weni to her room, not fceiing 1 Massachusetts—\ tight\ ^ it evening, pin tha t hid returoed—4s| didn't open one eye for at week^aftar,and the other was surrounded with a black circle as if mourning the loss of its fel- low. ' , Dobbins halted to see fair play, but drove on toward home before Duntf bad righted his cart and tied up the thills, which were birbken. H e had not, however 1 ,' proceeded far, when Daa a again overtook him, and; with a woebegone took, cried Q«t that he had been robbed, and called oa PohbiBS to return with him on the road the shar- pers hud taken, and bd p Mm to 'recover the money—* fraction less ttsra eifltky dollars—the proceed* 4>f hi« four hun- dred brooms. . ','... \And is that all yon have made oa your brorjpisr asked Dobbma,«Brpr1sed. **A11! Tea. \1 reckon Wi more tjiai* you have made. ' \Bu t I've got a'hundred, dollars in clean cash, in my pockets, barring the five I've paid out for hiding and meals,\ slapping the chinkiDg <:< in. \ So, if you , 've only made eighty dollars, you've lost the gal.\ \ . I \I reckon her decision will settle the; iriatter,\ said Dunn, *' without any re-; gfrd to our broom speculation.\ \ Well, that's just ijrhat I was tbiukin' j of when you came up ; and if you like, we'll say nothing about our week's job j of paddling, but go to the gal and tell her to take her choice.\ ! Of course Dunn was plensed to ac- cept this proposition >of Dobbins, but; he insisted on deferring the visit one week, to give him time to recover both his eyesight and h'rs money. Dobbins didn't like delay, he wanted the matter settled at once; but when he looked upon the swollen and discolored countenance of Dunn, he felt a throb of pity at his unpresentable appearance ; and so confident was he of Madge's pref- erence, that he consented to his wishes. \ Well, Madge, the boys have both got back to-dny\ with empty carts,\ said Captain Mumford to his daughter.— \ Which do you think has done the best businiess!'' \ I don't know, I'm sure,\ replied Madge, coloring to her temples. She had passed a restless and unhappy week, and n »w that they had returned, she almost feared'U) hear the result. The captain uniled, but made no com- ments when his daughter appeared at the table, in a pretty, white muslin wrapper, and a dainty hoquet'of wild roses and eglantine peeping from amid the folds that crossed on her bosom. She was nervous and excited and salted her fath- er's tea and sugared his toast, beside, committing so many blunders in her speech, that the captain, with a : merry laugh, said : \This having two strings to one bow, isn't so very pleasant after all, is it, Madge?\ To avoid her father's well-timed jests, Madge made her escape to the garjilen, directly after tea,whereshe flitted amund among the flowers till twilight deepened into night, and neither of her expected lover's made their appearance. And so passed a week; Madge shed many tears in secret at Charley's neg- lect ; and she began to fear—as her fath- er said—that both had, alter a deliber- ate view of her conduct, given her up for some more stable fair one. In her dreams, she saw herself a tall and wrinkled spinster, with a long, sour visage and querulous voice;' even ..in her waking hours, these visions haunted'her until she began to consider herself an unhappy, misucd, neglected maiden; and thus was she sitting alone in the tidy keeping room, musing over her misfor- tunes, when tho two lovers appeared at the door. A flash of pleased surprise lighted up her face as she responded to their saluta- tions, aud-offered them seats; and her father—laying aside the book he was reading—said : \ Well, boys,\vhatH3 the result of your trip?\ Dobbins was rather slow of speech,.; and taking advantage of it, Dunn said, stepping in front of the captain, arid as- suming an oratorical air: \The fact is, sir, we consider (hat an unjust way of settling the difficulty.— My friend Dobbins proposes that we say nothing of the broom speculation, but allow tbo maiden to.say for.herself which she will honor with her hand.\ Having delivered this speech, he step- ped back on a) line with Dobbins, and twirled his cob.r.'d moustache; while his fellow wooer, abashed and somewhat dis- heartened at the boldness of Dunn, drew his boots nearly out of sight in his broad pints, and hid his huge hands underneath his broad-brimmed straw. \ Well done, boys, you have given the j:ide a plagued sight more consideration than she deserves ; and so you have both resolved to abide by her decision V \Yes sir,\ promptly rep!ie4 the confi- dent Dunn; while the \ye s sir,\ of Dobbins was so faintly uttered, that it seemed but the echo of Dunn's voice. The capt'n looked at Madge,who stood as if not knowing what .to say, while her countenance changed from red to pale. \Come Madge, speak out; il'allrests with you,\ he said, \ you who don't de- serve a husband, can't take your choice between the two.\ \I'm very sorry,\ she began. \Sorry for what? That you can't marry both,\ asked her father, wi-' loud laugh at his confusion. \ I'm sorry I received the attentions of both,\ said Madge, \ but I did not think Mr. Dunn, in his intentions, was actuated by any feeling save friendship ; I trust he will not take the matter to heart, when I give the preference*) Charley— that is, Mr. Dobbins.\ Charley's feet crawled out of his pan-' taloons in double quick time, and drop ping his straw hat on the carpet, he made 0119 bound to the side of Madge, and clasping her slender form in his brawny arms, he pressed some half dozen kisses on her crimson cheeks; then, turning to Dunn, who stood with open mouth and eyes glaring, said : ^ \ Come, old fellow, can't you congrat- ulate us V \ Outdone, I STOW !\ he ejaculated, as he disappeared through the open door; nor did he enter it again on the wedding of Madge and*\ Charley, though he re- ceived from the bride a polite invitation to be one of the guests. Two weeks after, the gossips of Wild- wood were startled out of their usual tranquility by the announcement, thro' the village paper, of the marriage of Miss Rose Barloe and jEbenezer Dunn, Esq. The paper did not give (as iq the mar« riage of the Princess Royal of England) a description of the trousseau; but we have no doubt the fair bride was supplied by the generous mother ; with a good, stock of brooms, and other housekeeping utensils. inimi << NE W SERIES—No . 14. tkUiiif Atoaad to Her J0MS Prftndl dmlr, nrhH;h is always to be let for a A SKETCH OF LONDON. Here lam, |my dear children, in Lon- don, that, place you and I have so longed to see. ! We reaehetj here late at uight, and alighted under the shadow of .the dome of St. Paul's. But how could I sleep ? My h^ad reeled with the multitude of thoughts within me. Visions of kings and queens, oft lords and ladies, of coron- tions, ofimposing burtal.<|, of imprlson- d princes, aw} of mournful executions, all rose befont me, and for a long time banished slecpjfrom my eyelids, But at last, for very weariness, I did close mj eyes, even in London. The next day was the blessed Sabbath. It was pleasanp to find that the roar of business was hpshed, that the great heart of London throbbed gently, on this sacred day. Wc drove to Surrey Gardens in the morning, to Hear Rev. Mr. Spurgeon preach. Here, wo found the great Music Mall filled to overflowing with some 10,- 000 persons. It was a beautiful sight, to see such a throng of people, all met to worship andtpifay, a thrill of joy seemed to pervade my whole being. The ser mon was earnest and plain, such as you children might have heard and under stood. In the afternoon, we went to St. Paul's. As we entered: the noble building we as- certained that jiot only was tho good Mr. Melville to preach, but that the Lord Mayor was to attend the service, in com- pany with all the judges, in their robes of office. This j$ an annual custom, and was a grand siih'ti' for me. Imagine the jLord Mayor entering in his scarlet robe, richly trimmed with fur, a heavy gold chain about his neck, the nicest of lace aldorning his bosom and wrists, and a huge wig upon his head, j apparel •ceded by a dignitnry bearing the sword j them from told, and mace of tide city, the judges similarly a gold chain, andl some of them with \black robes, (each carrying, even to the Dean, j S beautiful boqhet of flowers, tastefully; arranged in lace papers. I could hardly^ believe my eyes, and had nearly forgot^; ten that I was in the sanctuary. j Soon, however, all was still, and the I beautiful serviceof the Church of England . commenced. It was not, however, read! as you have hea r d it, but »)ear!y all sung ! by little boys in white surplices. This . is called the choral service. I cannot say ! that 1 like it performed in this manner ; . llicire seems too liule heart about it, thdugh the rich tones of the organ, as: they are heard pealing through those lofty ! arches, cannot fail to inspire one with! devotional feelings. The venerable Mr. Melville did not fear to declare the whole j counsel of God. though in the presence i of so much earthly dignity. It was re- 1 freshing to see his calm, devout manner' in the midst of such a pageant. * Strangers are not allowed to go about trifling sum, and for an hour or two wi watched the j thousands of carriages and riders on horseback passing and repassing before us in the rounds before the Park. Many, ladies left their carriages for a time, and proinor.aded through the broad avenues on every hand. This is a bril- liant scene, and I many times wished you all by my side to enjoy it with me. It\ is decidedly the place to see London.— Here were lords and ladies without num- ber, with powdered footmen in costly livery, each vleing with the other in seek- ing to make the most display. Here, too, tho merchant princes of London congregate, and make a more gorgeous appearance even than many of the nobil- ity. Between five and six, we wei the Queen would soon make her nnco for her daily drive, so we stationed ourselves by tho side of the great arch, through which she must pass, and waited patiently for her approach. The ci \' policeman near us said wo should not be obliged to wait long, for the Queen was alwaysprompt. He told us we should recognize her carriage by the\ scarlet out riders and footmen. Very soon we noticed a general stir ; the people were ordered back from the railing, and be- fore we had hardly time to tumour eyes in the fight direction, the horses came prancing past us, the Queen smiling and bowing as she recognized the uplifted hats and waving handkerchiefs. The view was a hasty one but good. It is singular that though she daily takes this drive when in town, there is always a crowd to see her pass, and a general shout of welcome. Prince Albert usual- ly rides on horseback by her side, accom- panied by one of his gentlemen. On this occasion, one of her ladies wa's seat- ed by her side, and two of the Princesses opposite. There was nothing in their K appearance to distinguish ther ladies, and they would fcowki frjtt. I LM OH the Motion to Recede from the feuate intendments to the Railrotd Toll Bill. 3\*P ,•! *i StorHstttj.' •]**\^ !4il 6,00 . 8.00 li-,00 • SSO.OO . 4S.U0 .2$ » 40,0() U.J00 15,00 fat LefM Notice*, the rate* allowed by law -w Ten liuetmake* (quire, nad where a notice Is IPSR than* sifMrettb charged u one, unless a special agreement n made to the contrary. The Journal and Republican ha* • Urge circulation— us aflbrJIdj* a desirable medium for advertising. Fuiid, due July 1, 1800 200,000 00 After him follow | only be recognized by their appoint- •raved, saving ^ the | ments. The Queen is more pleasing in 1 countenance than I had supposed, and I her profile is stiking. I have since had a j better view of her, while walking in the Park, and in return for waving my hand- kerchief, received a bow and a smile all to myself. Perhaps in a sudden fit of democratic pride you say, \ Oh, a Queen is nothing but a woman ; I wouldn't care a fig to see her.\ True, she is neither more nor less than a woman ; but God has placed her over that great country, which now embraces so large a part of I our globe—the eyes of all nations are upon lier, 9<nd no laws are mad* even an appointment given, without her royal signature. She has great power for good or f;r evil ; and, what is better, we see that she exerts that power for the 1 enefit of her people. She is a nobh woman—a true wife and mother, and, like Queen Esther, whom we so admire in Holy Writ, has the f God before, her eyes. I confess to you children, that republican as I am in feel IN SENATE, March 22. I regret exceedingly to witness Uie want of harmony that is so apparent in the majority of the Senate, on this bill. It isi, in my opinion, one of the most im- portant, if not the important measure of this session. Senators may honestly differ in refer- ence to the mode of replenishing the empty treasury of the State, but there can be no difference of opinion in regard to the imperative necessity of providing means to pay temporary loans which the financial officers of the State have been obliged to make during the last year, to save the State from repudiation and bank- ruptcy, and to meet the obligations that fall due within the next forty days, and throughout the year. Sir, if you will examine the Comptroll- er's Report recently transmitted to this Legislature, you will there find that Comptroller Church was obliged to ''shin \ as the hard pressed financier expres- sed it, among banks to meet the interest on the indebtedness of our State since the first of July last. On the 18th page of the report you will find the following : \ Prior to the first day of July last, the Comptroller addressed a letter to the President of the Manhattan Bank in the city of New York, stating that the Legis- lature had made no provision to meet the interest falling due on that day and sub- sequently, and asking whether the insti- tution over which he presided would not make the. necessary advance for that purpose. He promptly answered in the affirmative, and that institution has paid th<j interest for the State since that time, and will pay the January interest. The amount advanced is as follows: 30th June, 150(5, $30,000 00 20th Sept., 1850, 177,500 00 Required for Jan-oary, 1860, 177,500 00 the building on the Sabbath—a most ex-j ing and in principle, I could never see cellent arrangement—but the next morn-1 her frank English face, nor witness the ng we turned our steps there again, to ' joyous demonstrations attending her ap- survey the vast pile more minutely. Wi ere more than repaid for our trouble. One mav enter the. cathedral, and pass entirely around it, and by so doing gaze at the many noble-monuments that have been there erected to England's best and bravest so|us. After ascending many teps you reach the. whispering gallery, which passes entirely around the dome. By puttirtar^ouif ear close to the wall you can hear trip slightest whisper spoken on the other side^ though the distance is great. The vidw from this point is very fine, whether you look down tothepave- ment below, or up to the top of the mag- nificenP- dome. W e then ascended QLO \ ho golden gallery upon the outline lofj the oujtside of the building, and for once\' London was for a time quite clear of fog. We had a splendid view of the whole city—the Thames, with its far-famed bridges and boats ; the lofty towers of Westminister Abbey and. the Parliament buildings, with the beautiful suburbs, and the Crystal Palace in the distance. But the finest (tight of all, was to look down upon the crowds of carriages and people that thronged the narrow streets below. The distance was so great that the people and horses seemed a race of Tom Thumbs. Underneath the building s the crypt —that is, -the place where those who are buiijd in thecath,edral are .laced. The body of Sir Christopher iVren, the famoius architect, who planned and Superintended the building during the entire thirtyrfi ve years of its progress, r ies_buried here] Ai flat stone is placed over his rcmainjs, such as was common in those days, si) sunken as to be even with the pavement. Directly under the cenj.ro of the dqme is the tomb of Nel- son; the great naval cotnmander of Eng- land, and near it that of Lord Colling- wood, his particular friend. The remains of the late Duke of Wellington are also placed near these.- Many other distin guished men lie i n different parts of the crypt, such as Rev. Thomas Newton, and the great painters—Reynolds, West, Laurence, etc. Though I have not said half that 1 might about this wouderful buildiig, I must hasten on to tell you of ^>ther things. J j As this is thelgay seasqii in London, that is, the tinW when the Queen is hold- ing her court, and Parliament is in. ses- sion, we hoped f|br a sight of Her Majes- ty and some of the distinguished peoble about her persoiji. W e therefore, in the afternoon, drove) to the West End of the town, some two i or three miles from St. Paul's. We alighted at Buckingham Palace which, you will recollect,, is the town residence pf Her Majesty. This building, 1 fiuicyL would hardly come up to your idea of 4 palace. It ia, however, large, and occupies a very fine situation, with St. Jarue's Park in the. front, and very extensive abd beautiful grounds in-J J&e rear. When the Queen is ia town, * {lie royal stanfla^d is seen floating from. f the centre of the (building, Disectly before the.Palaoe is a broad GKMS OF WISDOM.—Few men are s i £r%«eMroftd fdr driving—then a high, utterly reprobate, so imbrued by tlwra^jy^'^-lfc 1 ^ ^w lmfo vices, as uot to have some lucid, or at ling ; b*fore tbiarailjng aoldjwrs are con- j least quiet and sober intervals V w d lnS»>tl y patroHu^foy f^ nfcht, t© aee! auch moments few can stand up unshaken pea t ho one mtrudea npo^i fte premwes. against the appeal to th^ir own eaipisri? tM^M^isifcifiii •I*!.': , ^/aperies|cam e to fc r $ttd; ilMi *re Iplease, «o^^'~ittnft&^ let ns, in befitting of questions that ask h Secure against any iS home the proof of the poalfio be vicious is to b e wretched : fea^ l corollary, that if even IUMK. ww. „ _. vice is fouird to be mu*ry>bs t muri H[^ not be h W'tofirf r to ^dWt^wlMledouto:J9^#\ «r%\05m.^'.-Wrtl nothing of vice remain* but its guilt and {m tr^ latter pert of the day of all the I misery.— Cotridge. _ ! faristocracy oTLjmdon.^ Here we took - pearance without feeling a soft moisture gathering in my eyes. But I am telling you a long story, and must leave the rest for another letter. Sn good-by, and forget not YOCR AUNT v. A Sensible Young Lady •Said a young lady, who was fashiona- bly educated at boarding schools, and in- dulged in idleness at home, so that there was neither strength nor elasticity in her ifr \ I used to be so feeble that I could not even lift a broom, and the least phys- ical exertion would, make me ill for a week. Lqoking one day at the Irish girls, and noticing their healthy, robust appearance, I determined to make a new trial, and see if I could, not bring the P s_'s to my cheeks, and rid myself of] the dreadful lassitude that oppressed me. One sweeping day I went bravely to work, cleaning\ thoroughly the parlors, three chambers, the front stairs and hall, after which I lay down and rested until neon, when I arose and ate a heartier meal than for many a day. Since that time I have occupied some portion ofj every day in active domestic labor, and not only are all my friends congratulat- ing me upon my improved appearance, but in my whole being, mind and body, do I experience a wonderful vigor, to which I have hitherto been a stranger.— Young ladies, try my Catholicon.\ Punishments. From the early records of Maesachu setts we learn that the following singular punishments were inflicted in that colony two hundred years ago : Sir Richard Salstonstall, fined four bushels of malt for his absence from the court. Josias Plaistowe, for stealing four bas- kets of corn from the Indians, to return them eight baskets again, to be fined £5, and hereafter to be called Josias, not Mr. as he used-to be. Thomas Peter, for suspicions of slan- der, idleness, and stubborness, is to be severely, whipped and kept in hold. Capt. Stone, for abusing Mr. Ludlow by calling him justctts, fined £100, and prohibited .coming within the patent. Joyce Drawickfto give unto Alexander Becks 20s., for promising him marriage without her friends' consent, and now refusing to perform the'same. Richard Turner, for being notoriously drunk, fined £2. Edward Palmer* for his extortion in taking ^2s. Td for the plank and work of Boston stocks, fined £5, and sentenced to sit one hour in the stocks. John Withe bound hi £10 to good be hnvior audi not come into the company ofj his neighbor Thomas Bell's wife alone, . 0i»iBTiANrttr.--Ti>e defensive jarmor of a shinking of timid policy does not I [. suit heif. Hera Is tho naked majesty of| ' truth}\and with afl thejgrahdeur of age, but with none of its infirmities,^ha*^ she come down to $ 4 •odgather** r*twngth from the many battles she baa von is tho many, eontiroversie* of many generations. With such a relk'roo as Oiaft&re is notfa- f ing ISO hide. JOTstduid fee above board; 1 a**!tWfer*ad«tKghtofday should I be \ \ ''^f n %f *° circulate thro' heraecrecies. But secrets she has ( lfc —--TT P>.her belong tho frankness and r#ipHi#k y of conscious greatness ; and' whrfhsr she grapple it with pride -affkH mm was ft©, hat I KQ^mm W ;*W»I ^m?™!* w oonscious greatness .\ an a tlierefleetoonthat every.o«mt*y hxa* bef w%**r*e grapple it wrthpridettffhi - Irmh&om C 1^ ft upon her own strength, and i the props and all ateauJtllfiittes , M Y stU'ron «vtav fr4rt n>r.-^4J!)r. Oh'vhk&s., J^f^rper-j *385,000 00 Too much praise cannot be avowed to the Manhattan Bank for its promptness in commg forward to pay this interest, and thus saving the State from the dis- credit of not fulfilling its obligations.— And the Comptroller willnot permit him- self to doubt that the Legislature will not only provide for promptly reimbursing the advance, but paying future interest on this debt. < As a question of mere expediency, the practice ofborrowing money year after year to pay interest is so abhorrent to every principle of sound finance, so sig- nificant of impending bankruptcy, and so humiliating to the character and dig- nity of the State, that thtfOmptroller is #3,020,000 00 This does not include anything for pro- eeding with work on the canals. If the l^ame amount as was last year levied shall L be raised. (1850,000), it will increase the above sum to $3,870,000.\ N ( And whatever sums may be appropri- ated to Susquehanna and Chenango tolje added. • , With <thesc facts and figures on the files before us aud staring us in the face, is it not surprising, sir, how any Senator -urn withhold his vote from a measure hat will, return the revenues to our can- als which have been divested out of their legitimate channels for the benefit of railroad corporations. All the fine speeches of the Senator m the 27th, will be unable to blot t this indebtedness. It can't be ex- plained away. It must be met with over three millions of hard dollars, and it must be met now by this Senate—by these Senators. The only enquiries that are pertinent to this subject are, How- can, How should this enormous sum be raised ? Several Senators have said by direct taxation. Do they fully understand the extent of such taxation 1 ? A moment's calculation will enable you to see that to raise this sum and further amounts which you propose to appropriate to the canals —to the Susquehanna Railroad—to the Chenango Canal and for other purposes, would require the tax on every dollar of real and personal property in this State to be dfcuble the amount it was last year. Will the people tolerate this? Should Ijthey be required to? ' Sir, there is uot a man in this State-, who reads the newspapers, but knows that the greater portion of this sum should be paid from our canal revenues find they have spoken in unmistakable terms upon this subject, during the can- vass that elected these Senators to the seats they now occupy. Sir, the people have declared. that the legitimate reve- nues of our public works shall not tiu farther absorbed by railroad ««Po , ' a ' tions. If there is any one thing ' w ' llr •'\^ tr# people of this State demand, and *;>- petSt of this Legislature it is, that the\ canal revenues, which have been diverted Mnce 1851, shall be restored to the treas- ury. Now, sir, in our efforts to carry, out this reasonable expectation of our constit- uents, let no Senator say, even in the ex- uberance of his rhetoric, that this Legis- lature is acting the part of the highway- man in this matter. Look at the h-gis- | Intion of this State on this subject fur tie.' ' last ten or fifteen years, and you will then find how the people have been cajol- j ed and thimble-rigged out of the inclined to attribute the neglect of the j nues which the Constitution had set apart last Legislature to- a feeling *f timidity i to meet the interest on these debts as in imposing the- necessary tax for that \ they may become due, and to provide a purpose, rather than a deliberate inten- ! fund for the final extinguishment of the tion to fasten upon tbo State such a pre- , principal. cedent—a precedent which practically , If any State or Nation on earth ever overrides every safeguard of the financial entered into a solemq contract with its article of the Constitution, and dooms the people on any subject, this State did in people of the State to ever increasing and relation to its Ganal revenues. From never ending indebtedness. : the time the firstdppropriationwas made A moment's reflection must convince j under Clinton to;„the Nine MilMon Loan. every one of the folly of waiting for the revenues to reach an amount which will pay the interest on this debt, lt^will re- quire $2,760,000 jpf surplus revenues, or $1,797,990 33 more than was realized the last year to accomplish th's result. There has never been but two years (in 1847 and 1851) when the necessary amount was received. The existing and constantly increasing competition, and the consequent and necessary reduction • of tolls, renders it impossible that any- thing like that sum will ever again he realized from the canals, consequently no part of the revenues can be applied to the payment of interest of the new debt until the old canal debt and general fund debt, amounting to more than eighteen millions of dollars, is paid off, which will require, taking the two past years the people have^een solemnly assured that all the revenues that these public works could be-made' to yield, should be ' preserved inviolate -j' not. only'*>fco. meet the large sums borrowed for their con-. struction and-enlargement, but' the sur- plus shQufcl be appHeofto pay the'eurrent. expenses of admir&strating the>'*goverri- • ment and thus relievo ^he people, 1 for all future time, particularly* those,residing in the;extremte'counties tff/'the State, who'... from the locatiah*could not be so dir^ctly benefitted by the \construction bf^thesoA public worksjfpom at least a; portion of their taxation, .Why,- 9ir, so clearly was this policy defined and so fully under; stood by nearly every tax-payer through- out the State, that the .'reyisors of, our Constitution in 1846, dare .not violate this compact with the people. Therefore •iterion, nearly forty years, by which j we find ft rightfully incorporated i; time, if money is continued to be borrow- ' ° uU * •'••-'—f^-'- =—*-• •«<• ed to pay the interest, the new debt will have swelled to more than on§*-bundred million of dollars! The Constitution contemplates the pay- ment of the principal within eighteen years after the debt was created, and of course the Sinking Fund on the credit of whith it is proposed to borrow money, can have no existence after that period, and prior to that time it 4s certain that the revenues will not reach it. But if this was not so, the credit of the State could not besustained under such a policy for one-half the period it would require to pay prior liens upon the reve- nues. The only resource then would be the power of taxation to pay the interest, which would be so largely increased as to render the imposition of taxes intoler- able. And yet it has been claimed that State officers should loan money on the credit of such a sinking fund—a \ fund\ hopelessly destitute of revenues, present and prospective. \ Here you have the plain assertion of the financial officer that the State is una- ble to meet its obligations from its pres- ent revenues, and that the imposition of taxes sqfficient to pay the interest would render it intolerable.- Whysir : \The gross revenues of .the canals for the last fiscal year was $1,850379 63 Expense of repairs, &c., 897,878 96 Surplus revenues $962,000 00 The sum of $1,700,000 is appropriated by the Constitution to pay the interest and principal of the old canal debt, and the above amount of #787,999 33. The interest of the old canal debt, as seen above, is $614,268 04, which leaves of the surplus revenues the sum $357,- 737 68 only to apply on the principal. The surplus revenues being only appli- cable to the old canal debtjj tho interest on ihe remaining indebtedness of the State, of #21,648,239 86, rruist be paid by taxation. The annual interest on this in- terest on this indebtedness is $1,242,- 895 88.'» .\ ' ! , farther on in that report, sir, *fe, are informed that the immediate wants of the State are over three millions of dol- lars, aa follows, Viz: i Eor the ordinary support of the govern- ment forth* fiscal yea* i. 0 on tha 1st dmyofOrtoNr-Wtt, tedud- ing ^te»,9»ff* to***?o * m G«n- ef& ^«tt l Bish*«rf <**« deb*, the interest on which is payable, from the GetieralFoad $1,400,000 00 otifiew Canal ' of#12 ) 000,000two ,430,490 oo the Seventh Article of th'at instrument Had it not been for the cupidity of the Central Railroad Corporation, whose . agents beseiged this Legislature year after year—first asking that they might be permitted the privilege of carrying freights over their rdad during the season of suspended'navigation, with the pay- ment of canal tolls; then that they be permitted to carry it during the whole lyear. Emboldened' by the success that attended every previous application, in 1851 they made the magnificent attempt to divert the freight from our State Qan- als and the revenues from our State Treasury. Need I stoxi here, sir, to say i with what suecess ? Let the declining i revenues of our canals, another empty ! Treasury of our State answer. Nay, sir , let the exhibit of the present condition of ''our State Finances, recently submitted to this Legislature by Camptroller Den- niston, answer. Therein we are inform- ed that \the statement which ° truth re- quires him to make to us, is that the Treasury wants $5,450,000 immediately. And unless canal tolls are imposed oti freight carried over competing Railroads, most of this large sum Mill have to be paid by direct taxation. But he says, \restore the Railroad tolls to the Canal Fund and adjust the tolls on the Canals to correspond, and we will receive from tolls, say f3 t 600,000, which, with the levy of a 24 mill tax, (the same as was levied and collected last year) the State will be able to meet its Obligations, sup- port-its schools and in two years com- plete ite canals.\ Now, sir, is there anything wrong in all this? Should this time-honored principle be characterized by the Senator from the 27th' (Mr. Hamilton) as high- way robbery ? As taking the railroads by the neck and squeezing them to dis- gorge ? Why„ sir, the figurative lan- guage of the Senator will fall strangely on the ears of those -who are familiar with the #ctf. It is not true, sir, that a departure from the ^sound policy that prevailed prior to 1851 for the benefit of the railroads, has well nigh ruined the State, Senator* understand this, and rise in their piaees and proclaim that they \a#« iaftvor of tolling the rail- roads,** bujt when their votes are called for.thai purpose, we find them in favor o( tolling the people still more for the benefit of the railroad* For what else in the second section of tin* bill from which they Mt^Mm ditevniitted not to re- cede, hut fortW 4«* on the people.^ A roil*o*4*««*pWtt bf%iioe; and a genUeraip#»»c b lBidWgW»«*«l«in- ^•*^m^^*rs25 before him, writes roe, the m- S^Meriaaf a cent per mile pro. tfided for m this WH would yield that yoW'iTiy *#IWM*»»0.tW\amuim—or over

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