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The journal and Republican. (Lowville, N.Y.) 1860-1909, February 29, 1860, Image 1

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asn »e Journal & Jlcpul IS POBUSHKD XVSRY WEDNESDAY MORHIHO, AT LOWVULB, jr. r., BT H. A. PHILLIPS, EDITOR * PROPRIETOR. D. S. BAILEY,! ASSOCIATE EDITOR. TERftW.-Onc Collar and Flfljr Cetils, in »dn™ N rpajwrs will be dUcooUm paid, except at lha option of the t JOS PRIWTIUC. ALL KOTOS or soB-nafaxovtm m THE BBSTtmS. The lournal * Bepttbllcan Office Is now prepared wilhanewand Larje assortment of Job anil Fancy Type. Ail Job Frlotioj will be exetated wilb neatness aqil on Reasonable Term». €\tkt frotrg. GERMS OF THE BBtOTIFUL. Srilter the germs of tli* Beautiful — By the wny-aide let tliem fall, Tlilit Ilia rose inny spring by the cottage gate; And the vines on the garden wall; Cover the rough and rude of eurlh With H veil of leaves and flowers, And mark, with the opening bud and cup, The march of Summer hours. Scalier the germs of the Beautiful In the holy shrines of home ; Letthe pure and the fairand the graceful here Leave not a trace of deformity ! Jn the temple of tire heart; Put gather about its hearth the germs Of Nature and of Art. Scatter the germs 6f the Beautiful In the temple o f our God— The God who starred the uplifted sky, And flowered the trampled sod ; Whe n He built a temple for Himself, And a home for the holy race, He reared each charm in symmetry And covered each line with grace. Scatter the germs o f the^BeauUftil Tn the depths o f the bumble soul ; Thev shall bud and blossom and bear the fruit While endless Bges roll : Plant *ith the flowers of charity, Hope, the portal of the tomb, And the fair and pure about thy path j In Paradise shall bloom. mm JOURNAL ESTABLISHED IN IS**. •I JEtgyHHl.ICA^ ESTABLISHED HENRY A. PHILLIPS, EDwqa & fawwrwi* PHILLIPS, EDMOB f\ pointing to a village ft itfe^fljoq^.of ftUilw, Ytt*. tifoiftf*, ftrt,' 3|c!e«|ce, Ig* ^ e # %i£ hfmnLhi^i^ja *#> w% N. . *T WB3NB E^PAT, FEB. 29, ts<3b. is«IIane0its.\ 4 TRUE STORY- \ARP TAYLOR. On the 15th of- October, 1856, a cele- bration of a peculiar character w\as held in a small village near Jenna. - It was an occasion of an entirely local nature, and might have passed over unobserved, and unknown to all, except the immedi- ate vicinity, but for its connection with the batt'e which fifty years and one day before annihilated the'power of Prussia. Aa account of it, however, was publish- ed 'in, most of the German newspapers and this circumstance the sequel of tire story I am about to relate was brought. on. At the time the celebration took place, I was residing in Gotha, not more than fifty miles from the spot, and re eeived the story almost in the very words of the chief actor in it. I am sorry that; his name and that of the village, have escaped my memory. All other partic- ulars made too deep an impression upon me to be easily forgotten. i We must first go back to the 13th of October, 1806. On that day the windy I ' uplands northeast of Jenna witnessed the j brief but terrible combat, which result-1 ed in the triumphant entry of the French army into Berlin eleven days afterward —during which time Prussia had lost 60,000 men. 65 standards, and 600 can- non. A portion of the French army was encamped ou the battle-field, or quar tered in the village around. The poor inhabitants, overwhelmed by this sudden avalanche of war upon their quiet fields —where for a hundred years or more, they h'ad reaped their harvest in peace —submitted in.helpless apathy while their houses and barns were plundered by the lawless soldiery. The battle was over, but there was no lull in the blast of ruin. Through the clouds of cannon smoke which settled into the bosom of the deep valleys as the raw October ev- ening came on, were heard in all direc- tions shrieks of fear, yells of rage or triumph, and cries of pain or lamenta- tion. Davoust—the \Butcher of Hamburg,' as the Germans called him—took up his quarters for the night in one of the most convenient and comfortable houses in neighborhood of the scene of slaughter. Here he rapidly issued orders for the disposition of the forces under his com- mand, gave directions for the morrow, and received reports from his adjutants. | He had taken his cleft, and was about retiring to an inner chamber for repose,: when an officer entered, \Pardon me, general,\ he said, but there is a case which requires attention. The German canaille must be taught to respect us.— Ten soldiers of Company r, of the Fourth Infantry, who quartered them- selves in the village of Waldorf (let us say) have been driven away by the peo- ple, and two or three of them are severe- Jy injured.\ f Davousi's cold eye glittered, and his moustache curled like the lip of a mas- tiff, as he turned, and halted a moment at the door of the bed-room. \ Send a lieutenant and twenty men to the village —pick out ten of - the vagabonds and shoot them down !'* was the brief order. iah obtr Waldorf J m the left. \EnavantP And in fif. (Jeeriminutes more the'Frenchmnn march- ed into the little hamlet. ' Halting in an open space between tlje church and tho two principal hocr sa- loons, the officer summoned the inhabit- ants together. The whole village was already awake, for few had slept during the night. Their ears were still stunned by the thunders of yesterday, and ions of burning and pillage still datlccd before their eyes. At the command of] the lieutenant, the sergeants seized all the mile inhabitants, and forcibly placed them, in lino bafore him. The* women and children waiftd near in terrible ety, for no one understood the words which were spoken, and these ominous preparations left them to imagine the worst At this juncture, the son of the village pastor appeared upon the scene. He was a yOung man of twenty, who/\was studying theology in order to become tyis father's successor, and fortunately had some knowledge of .(.French. The ap- pearance of things, without the cries and entreaties of tho terrified people, told him that his help was Wanted. He im- mediately addressed himself to Lieut. Lamotte, and begged for an explanation of the proceedings. \ I am ordered to punish this village,\ answered the latter, \for your treatment of our soldiers last night. The marshal orders that ten of you must be shot.— The only thing I can allow you to do is, to allow you to draw lots among your- selves, or to point out those concerned in the outrage.\ \But continued the young man, \your general has been misinformed.— No French soldiers have visited our vil- lage before you. We havfe truly been in great fear and anxiety the\whole night, but the valley is deep and the village is partly concealed from the woods on the side. There are also the villages of Mid- dle and Lower Waldorf, which lie fur- ther down in the open valley. Yt scon satisfy yourself, sir, that thi general distress, uttered loud cries and\ prayers for mercy. Tim young man knWtdown in front of therd, paying to the officer: \Id o not kneel io you, but I will pray to i*od that he will remove tho sin of slaughter from yourfsoul.\ As the officer met Ws itwrriest 1 eyesj full of sublime, calmness and courage, his own suddenly filled with tears. He turned to his men who stood drawn up in lino bef.irc him, but no word was spo- ken. Their hands Were in their proper places, according to drill regulations, and there wero drops on many cheeks which they could not wipe awa/y. There was a silent question jn the officer's eye] —a silent answer in theirs. Tho former turned hurridly, beckftricd the young man to him, and whispered, in an agitat- ed voice: \My friend, I will srfvo you by strata- gem. Choose ten of your most coura- geous men, place them in a line beft and I will order my soldiers to shoot them through- the head. At tho instant I give tho order to fire, they must fall flat on the ground ; my soldiers will aim high, and no one will bo injured; as soon tho volley is fired I will give the or- der to march ; but no one must stir from this place until we are out of sight.\ These words were instantly translated to tho people, but so great was their pan- that no one offered to move. The pastor's son then took his place, alone, in tho vacant space before tho lino of soldiers. \ I offer myself,\ said he, \as one trusting in God that We shall all be saved ; and I call upon those who have the hearts of men in yoiir bodies to stand beside me.\ Young Courad, a sturdy farmer, and but newly a bride- groom, joined him—rcasting as,he did so, a single encouraging look upon his fu- ture wife, who turned deadly pale, but said not a word. One by one, as men who had resolved to face death—for the most of them had but a trembling half confidence in their escape—eight others walked out and took their places in line, can T' le women shuddered and hid their eyes; j. I the men looked steadily on in the fascin lage is entirely innocent; and I entreat you not to shed the blood of our harm- less people.\ There is no time for investigation,\ said the officer. \ I was ordered to pro- ceed to Waldorf, and I am guided hithei atNm of terror; and the little chtldi awed but ignorant curiosity. Tho place was as silent as if devoid of life. Again the lieutenantsurveyed his men. \Take aim!\ he commanded. He con- tinued—\aim at their heads, that your I will wait till you make your choice of I work may be well done !\ But though ten men to be sacrificed, but have no au- thority to do more.\ I By this time the people had learned the fate in store for them. The women in tears and appealing gestures crowded around the officer, begging him to spare their sons and husbands—the men stood silent, with bloodless faces, and dumb, imploring eyes. The scene was evident- ly painful, both to tho officer and.the soldiers, accustomed a s they wor e t o tm unmerciful code of war. They were anxious to put an end to it and leave; but the clergyman's son, inspired -vyifcrj the belief that the fate of ten men rested upon his efforts, continued to urge his plea with a zeal and eloquence that wo'd not be set aside. Lieut. Lamotte strug- gled awhile betweeu his sense of duty and his natural humanity, Jwhile the young advocate appealed to his conscience and to the obedience which he owed to a higher cdmmander than. Davoust Fi- nally he consented to wait while a ser- geant was dispatched to headquarters, accompanied by the peasant to show him the nearest way. A few lines hastily penciled stated the facts in the case, and asked for further instructions. Meanwhile the inhabitants waited, in a state of suspense scarcely to/toe endured. Lieut. Lamotte—who, as a thorough Frenchman, soon wearied of a painful I emotion, and shaking it off at the risk of appearing heartless, said: \The morning: i8 keen, and a walk before surrise does; not dimmish the appetite-r-can you give us some refreshments from your hidden supplies**' A t awordfrom the young man, many of the women brought to- gether the coffee they had prepared for their own breakfast; with black bread, mugs of beer, and a small cheese or two —sufficient for a rough meal—of which the soldiers partook with the usual laugh- ing comments on \te cuisine Allaman- do.\ The company of victims looked on - m # s11eno|8, > and more than once mut- tered, gloomily: \W c are feeding our executioner*,\ \ Even if that should be trae,*£. said the young taan, \ft is hut doingas Christ his voice was clear and strong, and the terror of his words not to be tajstaken, a clairvoyant flash of hidden meaning ran down the line, and the men understood him. Then came the last command : \Fir e !\ bu t in th e second which inter- vened betwee n the wor d andHhe ringing volley the te n me n wer e already falling. Th e crack o f musket s and sound o f their bodies wer e simultaneous,. Withou t pausing an instant the lieutenant cried: \Righ t abou t wheel! \ \Forward!\ and th e measured tramp o f th e soldiers rang dow n tbo narro w villn^e «*»•«>*. The women uncovered their eyes and I gazed. There lay, the ten men, motion- and apparently lifeless. With wildj \ Where is Waldorf?\ he added, turning] &*» taught-us. Whether or not we ob- to one of those useful creatures, who are 1 &W* Christian charity from these men, always willing to act as guides, arid yj-iletna, at said he, \I JJIVO never beard of him. I , did not even learn his name;' and be is .. ever remembered in my prayers. MoBt likely he died a soldier's death on 6no of j the many fields of slaughter which iulir- |'i-nod .between Jenna and Waterloo; but if he should be living, it would cheer my last days on earth if 1 could reach him with a single word of gratitude. In tho same year there livad—and, no doubt, still is living—in Lyons r an inval- id and pensioned captain of the Napole- onic wars. After a life of vicissitudes, he found himself in his old age, alone, forgotten, poor. Men bo bettcir and braver than he, had achieved distinc- tion by some lucky chanco; fortune had come, to others,' and others had begotten children to cheer and vitalize their de- clining days. Him the world bad pass- °d by, and for years he had been living a quiet, silent, pinched life, by the aid of his scanty pension. His daily resort was a cafe, where be could soe and read the European journals, and perhaps, measure tho changed politics of tho present time by the experience of his past life. One day in November, 1856, he en-1 tcr|pd the cafe as usual, and took bis ac-1 customed seat as he was wont to do, and! picked up the nearest paper. It happened to be tho Aug6berg A lyemeine \ Zeititny; but he had r spent some years in Germany,' and understood the lan- guage tolerably. His attention was, attracted by a letter dated Jena. '• Jena 1\ he thinks, *' I was there too ; what is go. ing on there now 1 He reads a little farther. \Celebration at Waldorf.— l Waldorf! The name is familiar ; where have I heard it?\ As he contiriucs his perusal, the old captain's excitement, so j unusual a circumstance, attracts the at- tention of all the other habitues of the cafe. \ Grand Bieu, Davoust—Waldorf, —tho ten men—the pastor's son ! Did 1, dream such a thing, or is tliis the same ?\1 Forgotten for years and years—effaced by a hundred other military adventures —overlaid and lost in the crowded stores. of a soldier's memory, the scene came to light agiiin. The pastor's son still lived, still remembered and lhanked the preserver of his native village] Many a long year had passed since such a glow had warmjed the chambers of the old man's heart, That evening he wrote to Dr. — J in Leipzig. He was ill, and but a few month's distant from his last hour, but the soldier'^ letter seemed like a Provi- dential answer to his prayers, and brigh- tening %he flickering close of his life.— A manly and affectionate correspondence was carried on between the two while the latter lived. Tho circumstance was made public, and the deed was officially jecognized in a way most flattering to the pride of Capt. Lamotte. The Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar and the King of {Saxony conferred upon him the orders of | theif respective houses, which were fol- \(iffl-eastujn aTterwara \tjy tTO'crosa of the: jWion of honor from Louis Napoleon, ^hd' an increase of his pension, which as- sured him ease and comfort the rest of tiarrlative, published in the French pa'- | fpejfs, drew attention tojhim, and he was ^to longer a neglected frequenter of the • jCflfe. He was known and honored, even /without his three orders. \Cast thy bread upon the waters, and thou shalt find it again after many day: terpreters for the enemy itt their own' land. \ There is a village called Upper Wal- dorf which lies near tho head of a MBSII valley to the left; Middle Waldorf is on Christians. Hiis rebuke nad \its effect. A, few' of] the men assisted j n entertaining the sol diet*, and tfce.Utt^r, #^ : ,|ija # fccil&y, for fraternization, soon* made themselves* the other side of the bill, and Lower £** home. A * tlwstoraBc*ftttethfr heart 8)90 enlarges, and the niep D«g*n to say among themselves: ,\Tt is a pity that Itwaf M* tertg fcefot* <b# sergeant and %t» gofiU «*?««*£ ^^irtr^ ban- jded tVlJ«u|OTaaV4note TT i '' Waldorf about half an hour's distance' beyond.\ The marshal, not caring to annoy him* self by more minute inquiries, went uA bed. If ten men wefe shot, that' wa« sufficient. The next morning, at sunrise, Lieu- ily .ttphopm nsjl.lesii\: tenant Lamotte with twenty men mareb-1*° P\\**?4 ed over the trampled hiU«.to~scek Wal- j >« ptroisfed} an **§*£* u*Mm dorf. It was a disagreeable bosibewJj 0 W-W ***** \-\\ T \~ and the sooner it was osr«r* tfce better J«> ^m^i^FW^^F\' ^T4 On reaching * ridge «M* ^I**ed4* - »€agtrt mm<toim#**a &e toWrottoft <* t* 0 or *b^*fe*sH ! l%^ft^ W t more than one village was visible «JeM ois teeft \to \ _^ the cold fog now beginning to riae.4—j heart. But now the lj u Quieti Wa&ti/r* inquired the offieeiH 0 ^ afresh-' The i of the man wfatt h« be*} impressed hy j tne I i way. M A» V answered thrtean, cries they gathered around them; bu|$jiis life. A translation of the doctor's ere their exclamations of despair halli turned into those of joy, the last of tb.41 soldiers had disappeared in the woods; Then followed weeping embrace, as all- arose from the ground—laughter and sobs of hysterical joy. The pastor's s^n uncovering his head knelt down, whil| all reverently followed his example^ : and uttered an eloquent prayer of thanks-?} Modfrfl PMSOHMS. giving for their deliverance. What this young man had done was no ft suffered to go unrewarded. A ble; rested upon his labors and his life. In the course of time ho became a clergy- filling for a while his father's placeJ for the people he had saved, but was a£ terwards led „to a wider and more ambi- tious sphere. He was called ip Leipzig, received the degree of Doctor of DivinV ity, and finally became known; through- out Germany as the founder pfthe Otis^ fav Adolf Verein, (Gustavo* Adolphus Union,) which has for its object the dis- semination of Protestant principles by means of voluntary contributions. In some respects it represents the Home Missions of our country. Many church- es,, built by this association, are now scattered throughout the United States. The inhabitants of Waldorf never forgot their pastor, nor he them. He came back from time- to time to spend a few days in the quiet little'village of his youth, and where the most eventful cri- sis of his Hfe was passed. In 185a, three ont of the ten pscudo victims of Davoust wero still living in 'jjafecir old homes, and ttw peop themta»at<hes»*mi-ceBt«inittl anniversary of saca aa event deserved aepedal eele- bration, .Dr. —, of Lefprig, ffcr- ijraerry the p**tor'*.*wj « M invited to ' He wkh then. He CJUWJ he would have came from the ends ef the and after a aofenm religion* AeWte* in the church, proceeded to &Ur«$§ v 4yot on which he had stood ; «B4 ( iysfi tin French muskets, ar4t^er»*l»rte4*»the [ifailclretj Sod grandchildren : of ti^ e he bsvl.sav^ t^arrativ e Jtave bew^gj- .through the agonies of a thousand deiths, more slowly, but just as surely, to his] grave, About teraperance pledges, totel-absti- nenco associations, and prohibitory legis- lation, there muatalwlays be great differ- ences of opinion; but! about this matter of selling poison—njot figure-of-epeech poison, but the real, bona jfofe stuff, as chemical tests have demonstrated a thou- sand times—of selling poison, we say, under the, guise of gin,! rum, and brandy, at three cents, orsix cents the glass, there cannot be more than one Opinion. The adulteration of liquor ought4o be visited by tho severest penalties which tho law can impose. We can hardly imagine any offence more diabolical than the dealing out to the public,under false pre- tenses, these \ doctored\ liquors. A writer in HarperS* Magazjpe states tho philosophy of the thing in a nutshell. Almost all liquors, before thoy reach the consumer,, havo to pass through many different hands—the, distillers, the im- porter's, the wholesale and retail dealer's. Each of these, supposing, as we must charitably imagine, that he is fho sole adulterator, and naturally anxious to get all the profit out of the article that can possibly bo made, alternately weakens the spirits with water, and,\fetches them up,\' again with drugs,, until by the time jaches the stomach of the imbiber, hardly anything of the \original Jacobs,\ remains, and tho mixture may be safely warranted to kill at forty paces.\ The writer shows, at the same time, 1 that it is no longer of the slightest consequence to dealers in wines whether tho grape crops in France, or Spain, or elsewhere, be arge or small, or whether in fact there be any at all. The druggists and chem- ist now L a-days manufacture a capital ar- ticle at infinitely less cost and .trouble, it having only the inconsiderable drawback of being a slow poison. But perhaps the orst feature of the whole business is, that the medicated liquors, \warranted pure,\ which under the guise of health- restorers, find their way to the sick-bed of the suffering, invalid, are said to be quite as bad, if not worse than the com- pounds that are consumed by dram-drink- ers and revelers. It is stated on good authority, that men who have become wealthy by the extensive manufactu and sale of these \medicated\ liquors, are enabled, by their enormous frauds in the article palmed off upon the public as genuine, to \rush\ their compo'unds into ulation at.prififta.nlisuii'Jljt tu>L»w w k»t the pure article would cost, as to neces- tate the conviction that but an infini tesimal portion of the contents of their bottles has really any claim to the title on the label. If the pnilauthropic gentlemen who worked so hard to obtain the passage of a prohibitory liquor law in time past, and who, after all, failed to accomplish any- thing worth mentioning, had devotejd j tii^;^ —>«-H><» w «•>•*: itiurougn ventilation) of this matter of adulteration, and to the making and carrying into effect of laws visiting with the severest penalties those who are engaged in it, they would have had the sympathy and efficient support of every decent and right-minded man jin the community, and undoubtedly might have done some practical good. A s it is, there probably never was a time when more liquor was consumed than at pres ent or when the quality was so abomina- bly and insufferably bad.— Brooklyn Times. , -. VOLUME I^-NEW SJSBIES—NO. 9. many of t Rome had her Borgias; Paris, her Brinvilliers. The crimes of these mon- sters were comparatively isolated, and have been handed down to us on the blackest pages of the worldls criminal record, as exceptional instances of what |f depth of depravity human nature is capa- ble of reaching. But in our own cities, which claim to be centres of civilization *nd intelligence, poisoning is carried on by wholesale, and modern poisoners form a large and money-making class by (themselves. They pursue their avoca- jfcion with the most unblushing publicity. Our hospitals and grave, yards are I crowded with their victims ; and the ranks of the unwary and reckless, who swallow their deadly compounds, are quickly recruited with fresh candidates for destruction, as they are daily and hourly thinned out by the hand of Death ! Against liquor adulterators uj£eheral, we have no specific charge to make : it >», that, they do not sell rum. If the stuff I which fills their bottles and decanters were resitty what it purports to be, ac- cording to label, the business of* rum- selling would, wBen compared witkj its present standing, rise to the level of a re- sr>e*tableo<wupatk>n. Deplora»e«s are the effects of the abuse of alcoholic stim- ulant*, and destructive as is the practice cYemm-drteWngWd+rwry etreumstu ees, yet the terrible eftfete of strychplne, eOHthu -indieut, and the \other deadly poledhs «sed to ti e adultenWon of 4ta. J 6r«,- ftuAe Am worse. An£ ^hysielaii wi*tes«fy4h«t mama a pot* wWfirtn erly » sulfjaratfarely Mm «MN*^ and qsfe-Wilfah there* * ef prefer rew*- #* Avttoprevia*fci^pjfc^- -^«KrttrtNaf«, tnd Utmto* t * 4 t^ltmtim m*A T . >9« •\'' 1 IfraW ^IttaSiaf] '1W j •TsP'B- TjWBnsBPav ' asM f?$»tto'«t«*fcdfe Nrtfc^3i^ io -Jtotmf, L ^ ter»wtffb# \ \*' A '^McacM: m* • fioecdole of Patrick Henry. Three Baptist preachers were brought to trial, in about 1775, ^or preaching.— The indictment brought against them was, \For preaching the Gospel of the Son of God,\ contrary 1 to the statute in that case provided, and therefore disturb- ers of the peace. The clerk was reading the indictment in a slow and formal man- ner, and he pronounced the crime with emphasis, \For preaching the Gospel of the Son of God,\ when a plainly dressed man dismounted from his horse, and entered the court room, taking his seat within the bar. He; wrs known to the court and lawyers, but a stranger to the mass of spectators who had gathered on the occasion. This was Patrick Henry, who, on hearing of this prosecution, had rode some fifty or sixty miles from his residence in Hanover bounty, to volun- teer his services in the defense of 'the prisoners. He listened to the further reading of the indictment With marked' attention, the first sentence of which ^hat had caught his ear was, \For preaching] the Gospel of the Son \ of God.\ When the indictment had been read, and the 1 prosecuting attorney had submitted a few remarks, Henry arose, stretched out his hand and received fte paper, and then addressed the eofori \ Stay it please youjr worships: I think heard re*6*ny the prosecutor as J et^tei ed this louse, Che paper f now hoty} in my hand. If f have rightly unders&od, the king's attorney of <&s colony j has |,¥Kmed>an indicfanentj for theparpow of| racin g and panujimg by imprison- enflnrei inoffensive persons Wpre the i . Jr^ato'cditrt, fcr L ~«- : -* L -\ ] fef^\^\' ^afcistsOtedr ^ f*^etm^Mwm WW&A yOWWOT%B|Jp| a aWls muneifflWM>i',w'e fwhat r and eontimiingln «1 stomach, nnd condtsct* IrWF astonishment of his beftrers, he slowly waved the paper three times . aroumjl his head, then lifting ijip hia hands and eyes to heaven with extraordinary and pressiye energy he exclaimed, \ <$reat Gfpfl f\ The exclamation, the action, the burst of feeling from the. audience, were all overpowering. Mr. Henry re. sumed : ^ May it please your worships : In a day like this, when truth is about to burst her fetters—whe|| mankind are about to be raised to oteKJm their natural and inalienable rights—when . the yoke of oppression which has reached the wilderness of America, and the unnatur- al alliance of ecclesiastical and civil pow- er is about to be dissevervd—rat sucn a period when liberty—liberty of con- science^—is about to. awake from her slumberings and inquire into the reason of such charges as I find exhibited hare to- day in this indictment!\ Another fear- ful pause, while the speaker alternately cast his sharp piercing eyes on the pris- oners and on the court, and resumed: \ If I am not deceived, according to the contents of the paper I now hold in my hand, these men arc accused of ' preach- ing the Gf spel of the Son of God.'— Great God?\ Another long pause, dur- ing which he again waved the indictment around his head, while a deeper impres- sion was made on the auditory. Resum- ing his speech : \ May it please your worships : There are periods in the his- tory of man, when corruption and de- pravity have so long debased tho human character, that man sinks tinder the Weight of the oppressor's hand, and becomes his servile—his abject slave; he licks the hand that strikes him ; he bow's in pass- ive obedience to themandatcs^ofthe des- pot, and in this state of servility he re- ceives his fetters of perpetual bondage. But, may it please your worships, such a day has passed away ! From the per od w'heu our fathers left the land of their nativity for settlement in these Ameri- can wilds—for LIBERTY—for civil and • religious liberty—for liberty of con science—to worship their Creator accord ing to their conceptions of heaven's re veaied will : from the moment they placed their feet on the American conti- nent, and in the deeply embedded forests sought an asylum from persecution and tyranny—from that moment despotism was crushed,her fetters of darkness were broken, and heaven decreed that man should be free to worship God according t« tko fiikio. AJT^ a ;» j—* e-~ <4.i«,, m vain have been taken the efforts and sac- rifices of the colonists ; in vain were all their sufferings and bloodshed to subju gate this new world, if we, their offspring must still be opproessed and persecuted. But, may it please your worships, per- mit me to inquire once more—for what are these men about to be tried 1 This paper says, 'For preaching the Gospel of the Son of God. «*~»' -G«^ /—-For preaching the ^avior to Adam's fallen race !\ After another-pause, in tones of thun- der he inquired—\ What law have they violated 1\ Then, for the third time, ii a slow dignified -rnanner, he lifted his eyes to heaven and waved the indictment around his head. The court and the audience were now wrought up to the most intense pitch of excitement The face of the prosecuting attorney was pale and ghastly, and he appeared unconscious that his whole frame was agitated which alarm ; and the judge in a tremuldus voice, put an end to the scene, now be- coming extremely painful, by the author- itative command—\ Sheriff! Discharge lpt« & /-farm. : : ;-rW ::::::.::;• ?*£ 26,00 40,001 3S.00 16,00 fihSwd' 1 * 1 NoUoe, > ,h e «««• •\owed by law\ wll\te • iStoVeUaWrr Sayings by Prentice, of the Louisville Journal. —AN impudent anonymous corres- pondent, signing himself \Ned Bucket,\ expresses the wish that we were dead. Very well—let him show himself in person, and we pledge ourselves to \kick fhe Bucket.\ —A lady who could not conceal even from herself the plainess o f her face, boasted that her back was perfect. \That is the reason, I suppose, that your friends are always glad toseeit,*said one of Iter listeners. t . —TatetK is no music sweeter to Our ears than the first peeping of the frogs in the early spriag-time. W e never lis^f ten to diem without heartily wiehmg them m safe deltverenoe from all m's chievdosboys ast hunger Frencbmerr. ~A distiagwiabed Eoglfch novelist has recorded that, in trttvelRhg through the United States, he found but one ho- tel* where he was sopsfited Wtih water enough to wash hianelf. He-mast be a dirty follow, if ever them was one. -^ A frtead of 001% w4o has been bes. Hating whether to keep » matrimonial engagement, infonn* as that he bm at last betfpok^ bis weddmg sate He evi- den*$y> * » te* w*n*e, ptvftre, the bread* ©fit. Where the CtracroiGo«. Competent judges estimate the corn- crop of the United States the present year at 900,000,000 of bushels, which at an average price of forty cents per bushel, would be worth $360,000,000. As to the consumption ft this vast pro- duct, which is quietly gathered and pass, es into the general current of commerce, the statistics of a single corn growing \ate may be a matter of interest to the reader. In 1858 there were 700,000 hogs killed in Ohio,and in some form exported. It required 8,000,000 bushel of corn, be- sides other; food, to fatten them. This corn made the pork, lard, oil, candles, etc., which were exported from Cincin- nati and other ports. 10,000,000 bush- were raado into fat cattel; and thus the surplus corn of Ohio was manufac- tured into various forms of food, light, and liquor. The Farm and Garden. One of the ! course of lectures on ag- riculture, &c, delivered at Yale College, was read last Tuesday^by Mr. R. G. Pardee of New York, on the Strawberry We give an abstract of his lecture : He came, he said, to speak of facts^-l not of theories. He had tried to grow strawberries for many years liy high cul- ture, but without success. He deter- mined to experiment till he should dis- cover the cause of the failure. He liad done so and could now grow them as cheaply as potatoes. The following, ac- cording to his experience, is the best method : Select a warm, moist, but exposed situation; for early perries let it slope to the East or South, for late ones, to the North. The soil should be a fine, gravelly loam. Avoid high, barren soils, and those which are wet. To pre- pare the soil, make it clean ; underdrain, leaving the drain open at; both ends to. allow the circulation of air. Pulverize at least two feet in deph, making 10 per cent, of the soil as fine as superfine flour. For manures, apply 30 bushels of lime slacked with water, holding 3 bushels of salt in solution to the acre. Transplant- ing should be done with great care, and rfie rootlets of the plants injured as little as possible. The best time to transplant in the Spring, though the lecturer Said h e would- in firj>\*!ws » «« « \Oca place the plants three feet apart each way, and allow them to spread till they, were only twelve inches from each other.' Nearer than this they should never grow. The beds should be mulched with tan bark, straw, or some such\ material, to the depth of half an inch, or more. This keeps down weeds, and keeps all but the strongest runners from taking root Water may-W added with, great advant- age in large qualities, except during the flowering and ripening period, provided always it does not stand and become stag- nant on the soil. After this preparation little attention is needed. The hoeshould never be used about the plants, as it in- jures the roots. Field culture differs little from garden culture. The pro- ductiveness of the strawberry about New York does not average more than 40 bushels to the acre. There is no difli- iulty in raising 150 bushels under the cultivation he recommended. In the winter the plants should be lightly cov- ered. J The strawberry may be mad« ever bearing by entirely preventing the grow- ing of Runners. This may be done by planting in soil composed of th*[ee-quar- ter woods-mould. This dwaafs the plant and makes it ever-bearing. The stam- inate and pistilate plants need not be grown within thirty or forty feet of each other. Seedlings are easily raised. The analysis of the planV differs in different places. The best six varieties are Wil. son's Seedlings, Hooker's Seedling, Long- Worth's Prolific, Hovey^Seedling an^ Burr's New Pine. There are many others nearly as good. Wilson's Seed, ling is very prolific ; 260 berries, many of them large ones, have been grown on a smgle/plant. deafly li e ferrt^WJsite^^vy^tie,« For prt^Khg •The wheat-crop in 1859, the report states, it is ascertained, was better than in previous years. Either the frost or better culture kept back the insect If a good wheat-crop distinguishes the har- vest of 1860, then it maybe hoped that New York shall hold high grade again among the wheat producing States, and the fame of the \Genesee .Valley\ be as it'once was, associated with the whites^ of flouf, the most successful bakings. ^Perhaps one of the meat f»aih!Mng incidents of the report was ie* eeeteinent of the fcet that the-^itf'faelteral **&*• E lta^oa«>h#-4*n*wiaen mechanics, af- *h»,,i!*>d*i * America* heaters , firsts the world. The American .^A-:a>iisaJ>i iBWn»pcH*d»o4;. .Aggse^a.Uitfp•* • met the smile of the Beg- «fris» sa»-w«sh 'sh. willgk * * r *jUsfc*«iw , and even hie enrhuaistic Ms*. : WeAs l to dBtyhia»ai»aSsf?W^pj>oct The reaper was th*piee»er PWfcJsJM fcisiiaif aMtl^^a^.streWyTi n the long list of the >*»* * jeMtfcso HINT Wftamtoi**** *m* +# multii^th^nkn^wer^th e w«rf4< 4J . 4ta«M.<i | til U-JuJa^ai **«•<*«*«. I I _ \ ' P1BMLIFK. The men who! have left their mark up- on ages in which they have lived, have done a great and noble work for the race, have been, with a few exceptions, men of noble physical mould. The foundation of their greatness and of their fame was laid in the patient training of their phys- ical powers. Such a man was Washing- ton, and most of the worthies who were associated with'hini in the struggle for our liberties. Such were Clay and Webster, and many of their contempora- ries in our national Senate. Their early days were spent upon the farm, and the thoughts of their declining years were given to the employments, and the culti- vation and the embellishment of their respective homesteads. Ashland and Marshfield will long be scenes of pilgri- mage to the husbandman as well as the patriot. The whole tendency of farm life is to dcvelope the body healthfully and sym- metrically. The child is not pent up in the narrow back yard of-a city dwelling, nor turned into the thronged and filthy streets to pursue his sports. His eyes open first upon the green fields and fra- grant meadows, and his first footfall out of doors is upon the matted grass, be- neath the shadowy trees of his rural home. He drinks in health from every breeze, and all the scenes around him call forth that playfulness which per- forms so important an office in our early training. So this leads us to speak of the influ- ence of farm life upon the home virtues. No occupation can be more favorable to the cultivation of those qualities which are the charm of the domestic circle.— The farYuer is much more at home than is possible vrfti any other man. How many there are in our cities who only see their families at evening, or on Sun- day ! They live for^bheif business* and this, from its location, takes them from home early and late. How many, from the same cause, forsake housekeeping, and huddle into boardinghouses and hotels, where the charm and beauty of the family, as God instituted it, is entire- ly lost; and children fall under a thou- sand unfriendly influences that would never touch them at home. With the best arrangements wealth could com- mand in the city, it is well nigh impossi- ble to keep children nnder the influence Qf their parents- so that they shall Haw o distinct family character,and bear a mora! as they do the physical j image -of their progenitors. Parental'influence is dissi- pated amid the\ varied social influences to which they are subjected from their ear- liest days. Then what perplexities, harass the man of business in the city*—his, capital often r invested ittprofitlessfenterprises, exposed to the depredations'-of dishonest nj«ai,. be-.' trayed, cheated and.^uined by knaves \ and bankrupts. Fjomlhe very\ charac- s ter of his Business, ha\ - has to trust c faf\ more of his available means teethe .integ- rity of his fellows flfen the^cultivftfeor.—* His. debfe are often scattered over*a wide;- *'--•- extent of territory,\ stfd coUectjons. are not only expensive, but exceedingly-.un- certain. But his commercial credit often depends upon this uncertainty, and he is often compelled to fall back upon nothing, a ruined man. '-\ ' „ Ninety-five failures in ft hundred, among most business men in *he city, , tell a sad tale of the perplexity and sor- row, the corroding cares and anguish of mercantile life. : How can a father, goad- ed with these anxieties, from : the begin- ning to the end of the j^ear, do justice to his children, even if his business allowed him to be with them a part of the time 1 ? He is not in the frame pf mind to super- intend their education, and to perform a, father's office. The form preserves the family in its integrity. The Jioirie has. in it that charming Word, and that'more charming thing, the fireside,'around which parents and children gather, and where the bright and cheerful blaze upon the hearth is but a true type of the flame of love that glows in every heart. The parents have been drawn together, not by sordid motives of wealth, or the ambitious desire of «• sooial display, but by the personal quali- ties seen in each other. The glory of I the fireside to the husband, is that the wife is there; and to the wife, that he is there who is-head of that home circle.— Here they gather at morning and evening and at noon, ^ei r board is almost al- ways surrounded with ifhe same circle, and hare they spend the long winter evenings together.— American Journal of Education. ' —The paragraph that has lately been going the rounds of the press in relation to wool-growing is not true. Dr. An- ^ derson, in a roemorial sobjoihed to the •'Report of aCbminittee of the Highland Soeiety, M provleslTom liiiiitpiitable reo- oi-dsthet from the earliest time down to the reign ©f Queen E&abefth, the wool *f. Grea* tMM&l tree no* briy eoperior to that of%ah)l, toft aetxnmted thehest ia she sfcivese*. So fe from Spain being the. doty eoeatty in which, fifty jeers ago, woo* *e*rt**a j **«•?«**- tkmfrom EagUnd, ai^y*g?f rf^wW^M^S^J^ ^, t***feed on »mii > rtlhe place of holding the next State Fair.

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