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Westfield Republican. (Westfield, N.Y.) 1855-current, March 05, 1856, Image 1

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VOLUME 1. WESTFIELD, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 5, 1856, S NUMBEfe 46. \ W_ BOLD THESE TROTHS TO BX SIU-EVHaSTl THAT ALL MXH ABB CREATED EQUAL; THAT THET ABE XN-OWB- XT THKHt CEEATOR WITH B_T*\* INA_r_NAB__ RIGHTS; THAT AMONG THE8E ABX LIFE, UBXBTT, AND THE PURSUIT OP HAPPINESS.\ The Westfield Republican PUBLISHED WEDNESDAY EMBNTNGS, At Wtftfield, ChsvtaafM County H. T. BY M. C. RICE. TERMS: i $L50 per annum, efc> hi advance; $1,76 within nix months; and $_.t_~ceforwarri, to the close of «_e year., Village .subscribers who receive their 'paper* from the carrier, will be charged 60 cents in addition to the above wt<\- No paper discontinued until arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Publisher. TERMS OS\ ADVERTISING. Advertisements inserted at 50 cents per square .'for the first insertion, and 25 cents for each snbs- '. sequent insertion. A liberal discount to yearly ' advertisers. _ -0_ OJIK 8QTTARE. ,11 yew.. $8 00 *• g months 5 00 - 3 months 3 00 \S weeks 100 60 POK TWO BQUBES. 1 year $12 00 6 months 8 00 3 months.... 6 00 1 month 2 00 1 week 1 00 JM WfBf Sixteen lines or less constitute a square. i JK5* Advertisements inserted under the head _l Special Notices will be charged 50 per cent ^more. ?gr Yearly Advertisers at no time to exceed \two squares, $12 00; and to be limited to their fuunedidte business. . f&~ Advertisements not having other direc- tions, will be inserted till forbid, and charged ac- ' cordingly. fSf Business Cards not exceeding six lines, 'inserted at $3 00 per year. ?3f All Communications must be pe post-paid. JOB PBJjrrHi'G: such as Books, ; Show Bills, Bank Checks, i'umphlets, .• Concert Bills, Notes of hand, JHnndbTUs, 1'rogronuiies, Certificates, OrcuHrs, | Invitations, Ball Ticket business Cards, Address Cards, Order Books, ilili Meads, Law Blanks, Check Books, Executed with neatness and despatch COJ.OBED FEINTING, and Printing in Sold and Br_ae,e_ec-ted to Order BUSINESS DIRECTORY. CABINET WAUE BOOMS, At THOMAS SHAW'S, on XortU-Portage-rt, op- aositb the Westfield House Block, where may tbefound all kinds of Cabinet Ware, of the clioi- •cest kind; erabnicin.f Chairs, Sofas, Sofa Bed- j|-rT Mahogany and JUack VUlnut Bureaus, Centre Tables, Splendid Box-wood and ttahog- «*lnk Cases, Card Tables inclosed Wa_- _ tanda, and a variety of other articles, too nu- meraaa to mention. Also, Collins constantly on hand. Please call and luok for yourselves. 42 \ 8. V. B. WELUS, ~ Dealer ta Watches, Jewelry, Silver and Plated ware, Kasical Instruments, Ac, North Portage street, Westfield. 37. W. B. MOBSE 4 CO. 'General Healers in Staple and Fancy Pry Roods, Groceries, __, (\ash paid for Butter and most kinds oi rtreaty produce. No. U Main Street, Westfield. W. It MOHSK. tf-37 T>. KKXYOX. JOSEPH T1NNEV TEI.ECBAPH OFFICE. NO 23 MAIN STREET. Westfield. 3G STANFIEUJ * BROTHER Bculers in Harness, Saddles, Trunks, Whips, Net- ting Ac. The above firm would say to their friends and the public, they have now on hand Carri- age Harness of the latest style and pattern; al- so, Team Harness made of the best materials. with due regard for neatness and durability.— Shop on North-Portage St. Westfield, g OGLE A BOOTH, Dealers in Boots Shoes, Dry Goods, and Groec- ries, No II) Main street, Westfield. DIXON A BICE, Attorneys and Couucelors at Law. ARK AM DIXOK Westfield. K. <'- RICE. L. F. PHELPS. Dealer in Harness, Saddles, Trunks Ac. Ac, 22 Main street, Westfield, N. Y. WILLIAM SEXTON, Justice of the Peace. Office on Main street, over Babcock A Smith's Store. 1 WAYS A MAltVTN, A torneys at Law. Ripley, Chant Co., N. Y. _ i. WATS. (1) S MARVIN- JOHN SPEXCEB, M. D., gUEOIOK AND PHYSICIAN. 21 Main street, Westfield. N. Y. J. HAH1UXOTO.X A CO, Manufacturers of Copper. Tin and Sheet Iron Ware, and Dealers in Shelf Hardware, Stoves Nails Pumps l-*ad Pipes, Ac. JASPER HARRINGTON I). C. IIARBINfiTON. SMITH A CHAD WICK. Attorneys Counselors Ac, at their old office, on Main.street, near the residence of Austin Smith. Westfield, April to, 1855. 1 ArSTAIN SMITH, !___________ WINDOW SASH. Window Sash and Doors a jrood assortment con- stantly on hand at the Gun shop, South Por- tage st, Westfield. All orders for Window Sash, Doors and Blinds promptly attended to. A. MONFORT, Agnet J. H. CLARY Attorney at Law, Miaeral Point, Wis, will effect loans on Real Estate security, at 12 per cent per annum. Reference Hons. G. W. Pattersons A. Dixon, A. Smith S. H. A J. Hi Huugerford, and W. S. and J. (5. Hinckly, Esq. 1 A.L. WELLs GENERA], INSrUF.ANCE Afl-NT Agent for the Hartford and _tna Fire Insurance Companies,' and many of the best Companies in this State.' Office in T. Si Knights offiiee, over H. M. Babcock's store, on Main-st 1 WESTFIELD BAKERY. By J. S. BARNES cor. Clinton and North Portage streets. Every variety of Bread, Cakes, Pies and Crackers constantly on hand or made to order. None but the best materials will be used. Supper and other parties promptly supplied. • Yeast twice a week. ROBERT WOLFERS. Designer in Architectural Drafts of all kinds, Spe- cifications for the same,' and Estimates and to rai-jv out the Design if wanted. Residence on . Eagle Street, Fredoma, NY a W. PARKER A CO. Successor to S. Burnham, Tin and Coppersmiths Dunkirk. A general assortmentof Tin and Jap- panned ware, Cooking, Parbir, and Box stoves Stoye Pipe, Ac, kept constantly on hand and for sale low. Job Work done at the shortest noticed W, a HOLT A CO. At the Steam 1 Turning Eetabttshmopt, No. i Cen •or Block, Center Street, Frcdouia, aw prepared to torn Black Walnut and other Newel Posts, Balasters, and all kinds of turning to order. They have also on hu_d, Bent Felloes and Car- riage Bows. •HE DIED, YET WAS NOT DEAD. SHE died, yet ia not dead! Ye saw a daisy on her tomb; It bloomed to die—she died to bloom: Her summer hath not sped. She died, yet is not dead! Ye saw her gaizing toward the skies, Bnt heaven beamed ne'er on mortal eyes: She lingered, yearned, and fled. She died, yet is not dead! Ye saw her jewels all onset, But God then made a coronet, And pot it on her headl She died, yet is not dead. By pearl] gate and golden street She walked her way with shining feet: Go ye and thither tread! LETTER OF CASSIUS M. CLAY TO THE REPUBLICAN ASSOCIATION OF WASHINGTON. , [Read at the Rebublican National Convention.] FEBRUARY 8. 1858.— Gentlemen: Your favor of the 25th December ult was duly received, but, under the pressure of business I have not been able sooner to give you an answer. Allow me to say that I approve of your central organization of the • Nation- al Republican Association,\ the expediency of its establishment, and the patriotism of its purposes. I regret that the causes which have so long delayed my answer, will not allow me to accept your nattering invitation to address your society during tho present session of Congress. Presuming, however, upon the language of your letter, that my \ position as a South- ern man,\ and \ tho circumstances of the present time,\ would enable me to do \ the cause more good than any other man in the nation,\ 1 venture to make some remarks which my devotion and long self-sacrifice to the cause of liberal principles will entitle to more consideration than any ability I shall be able to bring to tho task. I enclose you my speech delivered some years ago, at Lexington, Kentucky. In that you will find all I have to say of Afri- can Slavery and Emancipation as a \ South- ern man.\ I think I have there shown that slaveiy is consistent only whith a state of semi-barbarism. And before tho friends of Liberty in the South can bo driven from the field of successful logic, our opponents must denounce civilization itself. I have there proven that all material developement is retarded by slavery. Not only by a pri- ori reasoning, as much as slavery debases la- bor and makes it ignorant that therefore it saps the foundation of efficiency—but that tho experiment of free and slave labor in these States, in agriculture, in manufac- tures, in mining and in commerce, confirm the conclusion. The census, though necessarily imperfect no doubt, has driven tho intelligent men of tho South to acknowledge, that tho North excels the South not only in these last depar- ments, but that the South is second even in .agriculture; where before the stubliora battery of figures was brought to bear, she once successfully entrenched herself for de- fence. \ Cotton\ is no longer \ king,\ but gives way to eight articles of staple production— Indian corn, wheat, hay, and fodder, pastur- age, cattle, horses and mules, slaughtered animals, and swine! Tho value of horned cattl« is put down at $420,000,000, whilst cotton is only $126,000,000. The great cities—the exponents of the productive and consumptive powers of States —the canals, the railroads, the ships, of the North, had, to the philosophical mind, de- termined the result, long before statistics came in to silence debate. Boston itself is said to contain one-eighth part of all the capital of the nation! With a poor soil and a harsh climate, she has subjected the forces of nature, instead of her fellow-man to her will. \ Free Schools\ have allowed her workmen to avail themselves of the mechanical powers, of chemistry, of electrici- ty, of the winds, of the waters, and of steam. In Maine, in New Hampshire, in Connecti- cut, in Massachusetts, wherever manufactur- ing towns spring up, you will find Massa- chusetts capital. Her railroads extend into every land and her ships sail on every sea. All the South, with her superior climate, quality and extent of soil, variety of pro- ductions, and facility for railroads and ca- nals, presents, in approximation, even no such city as Boston. \ Cursed be Canaan!\ and ho is master and slave! Who shall deliver them from this death? In intellectual and moral improvement, North and the South. There are noble el- ements of character in both people. Bui the annals of these States give no warrant to the South to claim precedence in these over the freeman of the North. We can- not forget where were fought the first and bloodiest battles; and those ever-memora- ble sea fights where if anywhere, it can be said of America. • Erpnit sceptrum tyran- nii»P Neither is the u Logic of History\ in _- vor of the powers of slaveholding States.— The warlike tribes who overthrew the slave- holding and more civilized nations of Eu- rope, during the decline of the Roman Em- pire were not the slaves of proud tyrants, but stem freeman, following, voluntarily, the standard of elected leaders. So later histo- ry bears us out; and nations are now pow- erful, in proportion as they are free. Sen- timents of Liberty only impart heroism to tho soul; and equality and dignity of labor only give that energy and capability of physical structure, which are alike necessary to success in peace and war. So long as nations have been free in their municipal organization, they have rarely fallecn under foreign conquest Oidy when tho masses of the people have become senile has it been that they care no longer to choose between masters, and that their subjection has been sure. These, gontlomen, are tho views which, as a citizen of a slave State, I have so often and earnestly urged upon the South. As an anti-Slavery question, it can only be le- gitimately settled by the slave States them- selves. There tho founders of the Republic placed it, and there the wise men of the whole nation havo ever been willing to leave it for solution. But the necessary sequences of its tolera- tion has elevated this from a \ sectional\ to a '• national\ issue. It is no longer a question of \Slavery and anti-Slavery,\ but of Liberty and Republicanism on one side, and \Divine Right\ and Despotism on the other. The Slavery propaganda have re- opened tho problem solved by the evolu- tion of the centuries, and ignore \ a law of nature\ which our fathers of 1776 simply \ reenacted\ in terms in the immortal Dec- laration. The viper, warmed into life by our mistaken sympathies, recovers its an- cient venom and threatens to drive from tho home of tho United States Coastitution the rightful owners of the hearthstone. Slavery which was left only to die with decency, \ has becomo tho vital and anima- ting spirit of the National Government\— The oligarchy of the three hundred thou- sand slaveholders no longer conceal their purposes or deny their assumptions. Not only tho Blacks, but the |\Yhitcs of the South have lost their liberties. Nominal- ly free, they have long since ceased to be a •' third estate, 'in the Slave States. They have no social equality—no political force —no moral iufluenee. Steeped in ignor- ance and poverty, the privileged class nei- ther respect their opiu.ons nor fear th eir power. The ostensible representatives of the people in obedience to their masters, have not only reduced tho laboring masses to servitude but add insult to injury, by openly avowing that Slavery is the rightful state of the laborer everywhere, White and Black! All tho guarantees of English Liberty which wo inherited before the Rev- olution are stricken down. The reign of terror has done its dread work; from tho press, tho pulpit, and the stump, there comes no word of remonstrance. The hor- rors of the mob law havo crushed out the spirit of tho once gallant yeomanry of the South. Despair has seized upon the bra- vest hearts; weeping, bleeding, dying, we sink down into our voiceless woe! Marching from the field of home con- quest the three hundred thomsdnd take possession of the National Government— plant their flag upon tho capital of the Union—and by sea and shore denounce and bring to the block tho treasonable ad- vocates of Republicanism! Tho slavehol- ders have from the beginning been in se- cret rebellion against the government of our fathers; but now, seconded by attrociousjser- vility in church and State, they avow their supremacy and defy resistance. They con- trol our foreign and domestic policy, make war and peace enact and trample under foot laws and treaties and constitutions, as suits their despotic wills. Their avowals are no less insulting, than their acts arc in- sufferable and despotic. In the temple of Liberty, Liberty is herself derided. In tho Senate of the United States, tho dicta of Portage Street 3 doors south rian Church. TATO A. L. WELLS. there is more room for controversy. Yet Agent for the Montgomery, Chautauqne, Oenesee the conclusion is not far off, when the de- and Ontario and Livingston Mutnal iterance , . Companies. Office at the Johnson House, in fenders of SLavery denounce the newspa- Fredonia, and residence in Westfield, oa South „__ nn ™ ^J „\ ommnn c r ] ln ok as \ dam- _____ street. 3 doors south or the Presbyte- j W« P\** ana common scnoois as dam- nable hcrisies\ of progress, and in conflict with all true \ conservatism.\ Tho many u isms,\ in social, political, moral and relig- ions science of the North, which are so much railed at by the slave-propaganda, are the evidences of intellectual life—the scales which are wastefully throwu off from the the stimulated mind and passions, whilst man is being transformed into better metal and nobler structure. The \ conscnatism\ of the South is the quietude and homoge- ousness of the unwrought ore, which lies forever unchanged in the dark minds of ig- norance and despotism! When all these arguments are pressed homo upon the South, the advocates of tho \ peculiar institution,, venture to take ref- fuge in the alleged superior courage and gallantry of Southern men. It is not my part, myself a Southerner, to draw invidious distinctions, in this respect, between tho THOMAS JL'DD. ._ ki Wooden, Chain, Common, Iron and ffcroe Pumps, Hydraalic Rams, Lead Pipe, Bed- stftada and Lounges. Shop at Frcdonia and PortlaMK.Y. •__ PA-IEL SHERMAN, ney a_*C->»_eU_r at Law, Forestville, X. Y. ee one door.westof Cnlvill A Hopkins' Store. „. *?.. A WELLS, TUftMXC of aU/hu-ds done to order, on short notice and ia tte tret possible manner. Also RAWING, u-uaily done with* circular Saw. r_r >Vork< at th. OLD OIL MILL, Westffeld. CASLBI— _ CO, Metehant Tailors: dealers in Clothes, Cassimcres, Kilts, Satinc, -hirts, collars, and Ready-Made , Clothing. Ho. IX Mato-at, Weitfleld; If. Y, 1. ft, ______» i. H. C A R I.1M.E. 39-tt WILLIAM * JAMES JOHNSTON' faoaeral Dealers in Staple and Fancy Dry Goods Oroeeriea, Crockery, Class-ware Ac No. 7 Main-at WosUM\ . *l-tf CROBSGROVE, KIMBALL _ WELLS Wanutaotorers of Machinery anj Castings gener- ally. Foundry at the foot of the h' 11, near the The friends of liberty, driven from the capital, take refuge in the States; but there their tameness of spirit and ignoble obscuri- rity cannot shield them from renewed insult and determined extinction. Laws, mon- strous and unconstitutional, pursue them to their homes, stain with blood the sacred hearthstone, and compel them to complici- ty in the greatest of wrongs, which is capa- ble of being inflicted upon human nature.— If the codes of antiquity were justly de- nounced as bloody, which, for one crime in- flicted one penalty, by the hard depriva- tion of one right, what shall be said of this statute, which without crime, exhausts all penalty, and leaves the bleeding, mutil- ated, dying victim, not only without a single right, but without clainHfor a tear of sympa- thy !Xo wife, no husband; no parent no child; no sister, nor brother, nor lover, no houses no lands; no property, no privileges; no will no pursuit\ of happiness, no house, no country no Bible; no God! In life no se- curity, in death no redress! And this, not the deed of a State reluctantly performing in her sovereign right a constitutional obli- gation ; but in hurried obedience to despot- ic will, neither the rights of the people are respected, nor the decencies of outraged justice observed. Chains, unhappy em- blems, are thrown around tho court; and hired mercenaries obstruct the rightful in- gress and egress from the temples of jus- tice and tho legal pursuits of ordinary life. Alas! that the moiuments of other days should ' look down »pon deeds of tyranny, more infamous than those which in times past, caused the glory of their erection! The antecedents of our history are re- versed. Slavery ceases to bo \ sectional,\ and becomes \national.\ Wherever the flag of the Union is displayed, ther Slavery is legally planted. Tho barriers of three generations' solemn decrees are broken down; and, in the name of \popular sov- ereignty,\ are the liberties of the people de- stroyed Tho peaceable occupants of the Territories are set upon by armed forces from the slave States, tho ballot-box des- troved, and ther_sclv_) conquered and sub- jected to laws of foreign legislation, never before, for long centuries, attempted to be enforced even in monarchical England; and wnich, carried into effect, will make the whites of Kansas equal slaves with the blacks of Missouri. The blood of peaceable unotfending citizens, cries aloud in vain for vengeance. The Executive „ the United States whose duty it is to see the laws faithfullv executed meanly shirks his oath of office; secretly encourages the font} a__i_st Freedom; and. with the instincts of a servile spirit whirls his denunciation only against those who, by blood and slavery. are suffering the penalty of his folly in pol- icy and criminal weakness in action. Gentlemen all these things accomplish- ed, and more threatened in the future, compel me to repeat—\It is no longer a question whether the blacks shall bo slaves but whether the whites shall be free F— What was \fanaticism\ yesterday, is fact to- dav! Republicanism, then, is to be saved or lost Wo are no new party, we avow no new principles; we want no new name; we make no new issues; we desire uo revo- lution. Lovers of law, we stand by National and State Constitutions, in the wise compass of progress and reform, with which our fathers framed them. Conservatives, wo believe that justice is the highest expediency; that Right is the eternal basis of safety. Pro- gressive, we abhor bloodshed and war.— Trusting to the force of reason and lilicral sen- timent wo patiently await the beneficent influence of the centuries. Democrats, we vindicate the rule of the People against the usurpations of tho few. Whigs, we contend for privilege against power. Republicans, we are no propagandists—daring to live out at home and abroad, the fact of our pro- fession, we avow ourselves the friends of the People, and tho sworn enemies of tyrants the world over. Men, we acknowledge no dictinction of clime, of color, or of caste, but declare the universal brotherhood of the hu- man race. Lovers of the \ Union,\ we make no false clamor about dissolution. Distinguishing the shadow from tho substance, we will de- fend it so long as it is worthy of defence, and to make our loyalty, immortal, we will trench it around with the defence of justice, liberty, and law; and, by securing others^ rights, make them the battle guards of our own. Born free, we call no man master. From the Milwaukee Sentinel February, IA TRUTH STRAHGES THA1T PICTIOlf. THE B0T WHO COHQUERED. Parson Davis, acitizen of Wisconsin, res- ident for some time at Milton, Rock county and afterwards in Marquette, has just been pardoned out of the Louisiana State Prison after a confinement of one year and a half, under circumstances which demand more than a passing notice. Some two years sinee, Davis was keeping a wood yard on the Mississippi River, in Tensas parish Louisiana. One night there came to his hut three negroes, fugitive slaves, with bleed- ing backs and lacerated limbs, hungry, na- ked and athirst They stated that they had been raised in Kentucky and recently sold south; that they had been put on a cotton plantation and set to picking cotton; that this was new work for them, and they made rather a poor fist at it; that the overseer by way of quickening their faculties, had them flogged, severely and repeatedly; and that at last, maddened by such undeserved punishment, they had flod and were striving to make their way to the north. Davis, forgetful of the respect due to tho \peculiar institution,\ but remembering that injunction of the \higher law,\ which commands us to feed the hungry and clothe the naked, ministered to tho wants of these poor fugitives, furnished them with a little money, and bid them God speed on their way towards the North Star, that bright Star of Hope and Freedom which had shone upon their dark pathway. But the pursuer was on their track; bloodhounds followed them as they fled, and ran them down; and under threats of torture they re- vealed the name of the good Smaritan, who had bound their wounds, relieved their hun- ger and clothed their nakedness. Davis was immediately arrested, tried lor the high crime against the Jaws of Louisiana, convict- ed of the felony, and sentenced to twenty years imprisonment in the State Prison! The intelligence fell upon his friends in Wis- consin like a thunder-clap. They could not behove that in this boasted land of Freedom a man, guilty of no other offence than the exercise of his christian charity, was to be incarcerated in a dungeon for twenty years. But tho fact was indisputable, and their only appeal was to Executive clemency.— Accordingly, a brother of the prisoner went to Louisiana and labored, all through last winter, to obtain his pardon—but in vain. The interests of the \ j>eculiar institution \ forbade the release of the victim. This winter, the aged parents of the prisoner renewed the effort to obtain their son's pardon. For this purpose, his fatlu r went to New Orleans in December and has been ever since using all the influence and arguments he could command to etlect the object so near his heart. At length he h:is prevailed. A telegraphic dispatch received yesterhiv apprises us of the fact that Par- son Davis,is again free, after an imprison- ment of otic year and a hall in the Louis- iana Slate Prison, for the high crime and misdemeanor of relieving three poor wan- dering, naked, bleeding and starving fellow creatures! What a story is this to tell of \ the land of tho free and the home of the brave!'' What a frightful commentary up- on tho fundamental troth proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence, that \ all men are created equal\ and endowed by their Creator, with the inalienable right of \Life Libertv and the pursuit of hapinessf What a foul blot upon the boasted escutch- eon of Southern Chivalry! What a stigma upon tho wholo American Feople! What can bo urged in defence, or excuse of an in- stitution which constantly and inexorably demands, as tho indispensable conditions of its existence, such an outrage upon human- ity, such a violation of private rights, such an insult to Human Statutes and such de- fiance of the Divine Law. SOME few years ago, a lad who was left without father or mother, of good natural abilities, went to New York, alone and friendless, to get a situation in a store as er- rand boy, or otherwise, till he could com- mand a higher position, but this boy had got into bad company, and had got in the habit of calling for his \bitters\ occasionally, because he thought it looked manly. He smoked eheap cigars also. He had a pretty good education, and on looking over the papers, he noticed that a merchant in Perl street wanted a lad of his age, and ho called there, and mado his business known. \ Walk into the office my lad,\ said the merchant • Til attend to you soon.' When ho had waited on the customer, he took a seat near the lad, and he espied a cigar in his hat This was enough. • My boy,\ said he, \ I want a smart, honest faithful lad; but I see you smoke cigars, but in my experience of many years, I have ever found cigar smoking in lads to be connected with various other evil habits, and if I am not mistaken, your breath is an evidence that you are not an exception. You can leave; you will not suit me.\ John—for that was his name—held down his head, and left the store; and as ho walked along, tho street a stranger and friendless, the counsel of his *poor moth- er came forcibly to his mind, who, upon her death-bed, called him to her side, and pla- ced her emaciated hand upon his head, said, \ Johnny my dear boy, I am going to leave vou. You well know what a disgrace and misery your father brought on us be- fore his death, and I want you to promise me before I die tl_t you will never taste one drop of the accursed poison that killed your father. Promise me this and be a good boy Johnny, and I shall die in peace. The scalding tears trickled down Johnny's cheeks, and he promised ever to remember the dving words of his mother, and never to drink any spirituous liquors; but he soon forcrot his promises, and when he received the rebuke front the merchant he remem- bered what his mother said, and what he promised her, ar_d he cried aloud, and peo- ple gazed at him as he passed along, and boyes railed at him. He went to his lad- ings, and, throwing himself upon tho bed, gave vent to his feelings in sobs that were heard all over the house. But John had moral courage. He had energy and determination, and ere an hour had passed, ho made up his mind never to I tosto another drop of liquor nor smoke an- | other eigar as long as ho lived. Ho went 1 straight to the merchant Said he, \ Sir, i | you verv properly sent mo away this morn- I ing for habits that I have been guilty of; i but sir, I have neither father or mother, | and though I have oceasionr.'ly dono what j I ought not to do, and havo not followed I the good advice <>f my poor mother on her j death-bed, cor done as I promised her I would do; yet I havo now made a solemn vow never to drink another drop of liquor; nor sni'>ke another eigar; and if you, sir, will only try me, it is all I ask.\ The merchant was struck with the decis- ion and energy of the boy, and at once em- ployed him. At the expiration of five years, this lad was a partner in the business, and is worth now ten thousand dollars. He has faithfully kept his pledge, to which he owes his elevation. Bovs, thiuk of this circumstance, as you entt r upon the duties of life, and remember upon what points of character your destiny for good or for evil depends.— Northern, Farmer. soil is said to be unsurpassed, there is a good supply of water and timber, the cli mate is much milder than in the same lat- itude on the eastern coast, and there is prob- ably no portion of the Union which ia so free from diseases incident to new countries. When the lines of railroads which are now projected through the Tenitoiy are complet- ed, as they probably will be within the next three years, its progress in population and general improvement will be far more rapid than ever before— Fonda Sentinel. HOME. its founders are denounced as a lie. Tho , celebration of the fourth of July, in all the | Trespassing upon the r slave States, is looked upon as little else than a treasonable emeute. The laws of Congress and tho eonstitutional^ privileges of tho citizens of the several States are aliko denied validity, when conflicting with the opinions or interests of the Oligarchy. 'Courts of Justice which are denied in one State for the liberation of a citizen, are per- verted in another to tho destruction of the liberties of all. TLe great writ of Habeas Corpus, which we vainly imagined ths sheet anchor of our freedom from arbitrary pow- er, has been by pur highest j_ficc*_rned into an most facile and terrible instrument of irresistible despotism. The right of pe- tition^ and remonstrance against these judicial tyrannies, once forbidden by the record, is now no less effectually struck down by proscription. Tno defenders of the rights of man are deemed unfit for place outside of Congress—as belonging to an unhealthy organization,\ they are excluded from honorable position in it will defend our own. Standing upon the defensive everywhere, in peace and war, let us meet our enemies a<? becomes the presti- ge of our descent and the glory of our cause. Gentlemen these are my ideas of what is to be done, and how it ought to lie done. If the • Republicans'' inscribe them upon ther banner, they will havo many an abler but no more devoted follower than Your obedient sonant. C. M. CLAY. Messrs. E. M. Joslin and L. Clephanc, Committee, tfec, Washington, D. C. •!'••» THE WISCONSIN GOVERNORSHIP.—The Judiciary Committee of the Wisconsin Sen- ate have made a report upon the contested election case between RARSTOW, the inter- loping occupant of the gubernatorial chair, and Mr. BASHFORD, the Republican candi- date, in which the whole question is elabor- ately reviewed. The Committee come to the conclusion that Mr. BASHFORD is enti GOOD APPETITE.—The Barro (Down\ East) Gazette tells the following story: \An imbecile lad in this village, about fifteen years old, who has a. propensity to swallow everything witliin his reach, came across a quantity of wooden balls a little lar- ger than ordinary sized marbles, and pain- ted in variegated colors. The owner of the balls soon after missed them, and sus- pecting this hid, accused him of appropria- ting them to himself, little suspeeting, however the manner in which ho had done it, till the fellow began to exhibit evidence of severe internnal pain, when a powerful emetic was administered, which brought to light twenty-three of the balls. This being but part of tho number that were missing, another dose brought up thirty-one more, making tho number of balls he had swal- lowed fifty four, which corresponded with the number missed. Tho boy is well, and the prompt remedy administered probably saved his life—and restored the balls their owner.\ MINNESOTA AND FREEDOM. to g3T The discovery of the open circum- polar Sea appears to have been made by a Russian officer thirty years ago. This was Lieut. Wrangle, who somewhere about the year 1824, advanced by sleds across the ice from tho northern coast of Siberia, due north to tho open sea. Lieutenant Wrangle (now Admiral) Wrangle took frequent sounding during tho trip and found water shallow, with a mud bottom The climate became more moderate as he made northing. According to his estimates of his position at the margin of the open polar sea h e must have lteen near the parallel of 82 de- grees north,on which Dr. Kano was when he saw tho same sea, almost on the oppo- site side of tho Pole. Lieutenant Wranglo concealed provisions in the ice as ho advan- ced, which he cut out for supplies on his return. The party slept in lodges warmed by a spirit lamp, which _bo cooked their meals, Their sufferings were not as great tied to the office, having received 35,872 I as those of the land parties that havo gone legal votes against 35,523 for BARSTOW, ' out from the British exploring ships. As our readers well know, Slavery is pro- hibited in tho Territory of Minnesota, and the consequence is, that it is rapidly filling up with an industrious population of free- men, before whose energy the forest is fast giving place to cultivated fields and bounti- ful harvests, and soon it will take its posi- tion as one of tho States in the Union. According to the last Census, tho Ter- p ritory had a population of 55,000; and at tho past rato of increase it will number 100,000 before the close of tho session of Congress. Had that Territory been dedi- cated to the purpose of Slavery, how diffe- rent would havo been its condition at this time. The free laboring men at tho North, as well as the emigrants of Europe, would havo avoided it and sought a homo where Slavery was unknown and unrecognized, and instead of its present prosperous condi- tion, it would have been laboring under the paralysis of tho peculiar institution. When wo contrast tho condition of tho Slave States and Territories, with the Free State and Territories, and see how in the case of the former, prosperity and plenty are invariable accompauiments, and ia the other, that desolation marks tho progress of THERE is one word tenderer, sweeter than all others,—the most affectionate word of human utterance; the word which carries the heart around the whole circuit of love at one sweep; what is it ! Reader ask your heart, Is it a husband,-wife, father, poth- er, brother, sister, child friend ? The word- are brimful! of tenderness. But is there not one word that means as much as all of them; that mingles in its chalice of sweet- ness the richness of this whole family clus- ter ? Yes, there is, and tho word is HOME. Ask tho lono traveler, when far away in foreign wilds, for the word, the very utte- rance of which unseals tho fountain of tho heart and he will teU you it is Home. Ask tho bravo mariner tossed upon the deep, amid a thousand perils, where storms and billow and thunders move him not, what word will unmovo him and make him a very child, and with quivering lips and lov- ing forms floating before his teary vision, he will tell you it is Home. Who would not have a home, and five there thankful of its rich enjoyments ? But to have a home is something more than to have a staying place,—a place where one can eat and sleep, and say he has a right against all the world; where no invading foot may tread, where none may venture to dispute authority with its lord. Though all these prerogatives and privileges belong to home, they do not constitute that place and condi- tion of the heart which is meant by the word homo in its high and.proper sense. A poet has said, \ 'Tis home where the heart is.\ And there is much significance in this beau- tiful expression. Where the heart's dear ones are, where it loves to linger and and repose; where associations , cluster sweet with beautiful memories; where hopes in a bright train come tripping and singing of 'a good time coming,\ of happy days and love- lit faces yet to bo enjoyed, where sweetness breathes as naturally as fragrance from a wild flower—there, there is Homo. Tis where the heart is. It is true, homo is a place, but every place is not a home., The world is full of staying places, but not so full of home. There is many a gilded pal- ace and seat of wealth, many a house- of luxury and place of worldly comfort, this is a world-wide distance from homo. . People. live there and shine and smile, but are far away from home. Their hearts long and pine for their homes, even if they are but humble cottages. Where affection rears its cottage or palace, prepares tho frugal meal and smoothes the pillow of rest where kind words are always spoken, and good offices always performed, where forgiving love and weeping sympathy aro tho guardian house- hold god, there is Home. It is a placo where rudeness would be ashamed to enter, whero one unkind word would be like a clap of thunder in a clear sky, where, the impulses of passion are unhallpwoa intru- ders, where impatience, coarseness, vulgari- ty, reproach, slander, and all .unkind evils, aro like hawks in a dove^cpt or wolves in a sheep fold—for where, such dwell home does not stay. They never dwell at home. When they are in our-dwelling places, they turn out home. When they come in at one door, home goes out at the other. Into tho heart's homo they cannot intrude.— Then, affection's dwelling place is Home. A PAIR OF INSANE LovEBS.^In the Lu- natic Asylum, at Columbus, Ohio is a pair of insano lovers. Mental anxiety of a pe- culiar character is supposed to havo deran- ged tho intellect of tho young man who was sent to tho Asylum, some time ago, cured it was hoped permanently and sent home. While at home he fell deeply in lovewith^a young girl, who returned his devotion and they became tenderly attach- ed to each other. But unhappy the mala- dy returned upon tho young man; he was separated from the object of his love and sent back to the Asylum. Left to herself to muse upon her beravement, and the sad destiny of her lover, the mind of tho girl became also affected, almost as it might seem from sympathy—and it Was not long before she too was immured within tho walls which sheltered him. Thov are both there now. Occasionally they seem to have recovered their reason, and are per- mitted to hold intercourse with one another.; In one of these, the poor girl bogged her lover to marry her, but he replied with a Slavery, wo are utterly surprised that any I molancholly, real enough to bring tears well-wisher of this country North or South, should desire to extend the domain of an in- stitution that is so prolific of evil. It seems really strange that any friend of our republican institutions should favor a system of policy so derogatory to the teach- ings of tho early fathers, and which was so sincerely deprecated by them. The growth of Minnesota during the pres- ent year has been surprising. The great advantages of Southern Minnesota have be- como more apparent to settlers during the last few months than ever before, and mul- itudes havo been flocking thither. The from the listeners. *-You know we cannot bo married, Ellen we are unfit for that hap- pinoss—poor unfortunate features that we are!\ The contemplation of a fate like thjs.ber falling this young couple ought to teach us. to bear with less impatience the little, ills and disappointment- of life, wide* it sum- med* up, both good and eyfl, would be found full of blessings.— Santkuty Begu- ter. ' \.; DCEING he year 18M, th_ <j3__I Com- pany's steamers took ^j^ 1 * 1 * \•* China silver to the vah__Nrf _B and a half sterling. It weighed abo_f ) tons. . M

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