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The evening gazette. (Port Jervis, N.Y.) 1869-1924, November 10, 1924, Image 2

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TWO THE EVENING GAZETTE PORT .lERVIS, N. Y. MONDAY, NOVEMBER lO, 1924 . ........ . ....... . '■■■\I I §mn I J ANNIVERSARY OF CEMENT OBSERVED The World Thi^ Year Pays Honor to Unsung Stone­ mason of Leeds. Washington.—To Joseph Aspdin, an unsung stonemason of Leeds, the world pays honor this year for his discovery which literally cements the foundation stones of civilization. The one hundredth anniversary of Joseph Aspdin’s experiment producing artificial rock, yellow like the rock from the quarries of Portland, is 'marked by the erection in Leeds by the American cement manufacturers of a memorial tablet to one “who made the whole world his debtor.” “Greater tribute to the vision of Jo­ seph Aspdin are endless white ribbons of concrete highways, the annual in­ crease of which in tlie United States alone would build three continuous j Lincoln highways from New York to j San Francisco,” says a bulletin of the | National Geographic society from its j headquarters in Washingtoiji. { “Cheops’ great pyramid at Gizeh, | covering 18 acres and towering 4811 feet, is still considered the world’s most colossal man-made structure, yet the little lump of stone made by Jo­ seph Aspdin in 1824 has grown so great that the United States is esti­ mated to have poured in a year suffi­ cient concrete to erect 30 pyramids like Cheops’. The 90,000,000 cubic feet of the pyramid represent only three-fifths of the concrete in the Pan­ ama canal. “Aspdin must share with imperial Home part honor for giving the world liquid stone. Rome used hydraulic cement in her famous aqxieducts, and it was in search' of Rome’s secret, lost for ten centuries, that xYspdin and others worked their way toward mod­ ern concrete. Roman masons found that by mixing lime with volcanic ash from Pozzuoli near Naples a mortar impervious to water resulted. On this discovery rested much of Rome’s glory, for the magnificence and extent of the city was physically impossible with­ out a water system. Unconsciously Aspdin imitated Nature; the volcano was nature’s kiln. The stonemason, by baking his materials in a heat which approximated the volcano’s heat, created the principle found in Pozzuoli ash, a substance which hard­ ens on contact with water. Lehigh Is Cement Valley. “Although Portland cement is pro­ duced in 27 states, the Lehigh valley of Pennsylvania is the Pozzuoli of the United States. Silica, calcium and alumina are the necessary cement in­ gredients which are contained in rock formations ‘made to order’ in this 'valley. “Crushers in the Lehigh valley take blasted rocks as large as five feet wide, three feet high and . ten feet long and munch them readily into bits. Other teeth grind the stone to powder, which is mixed with water to form a sloppy ‘slurry.’ Under air pressure this is blown into the man­ made volcano, a cement kiln, the largest of which is half as long as an average city block and has a diame­ ter of ten feet. This tube is lined with firebrick to withstand the ter- ri^e heat resulting from the burning of coal dust blown into the kiln from the other end. In the throat of this volcano a reaction occurs, transform­ ing a third of the stone into the active principle of cement. An endless belt brings candescent nodules out of the kiln to more grinders, which crush them to the fineness of flour. Six hun­ dred pounds of raw materials and fuel are required for every 376-pound bar­ rel of cement. “Cement has itself created a sepa­ rate industry which has im portant bearing on the prosperity of the south­ ern states. Annually it requires thirty million new cement sacks of finely woven cotton. To make these, 60*000 acres of cotton must be grown and 1,600 looms operated every day of the year. Woven in one piece, SO Inches wide, the cloth that goes into these sacks would unroll for 17,000 miles. “Much as the Roman aqueducts were the necessity that mothered the invention of the first hydraulic cement, canals have produced modem cement. Aspdin’s Portland cement was first used extensively in the Thames tunnel. Early American cement factories can be traced by early American canals, /^notably the Erie canal, which popu­ larized the product in the United States. “Aside from its irreplaceable value for a thousand uses, Portland cement is saving millions of dollars to civi­ lization by cutting down the require­ m ents for power. Scientific tests show th a t it requires nearly three tim es more power to move a ton over a gravel road, and two times more over a macadam road, compared with th e 27.6 pounds necessary on a level Stretch of concrete. Matting Steel and Cement. “A French gardener’s flowerpot with Imbedded metal parts was the simple origin of reinforced concrete, whose vast possibilities are sounded scarcely more than the mysteries of the heav­ ens. Steel and cement, experts find, are happily mated. As in all good famili^, the qualities one lacks the other has. Concrete is noted for re­ sisting compression and does not eas­ ily break down under batterings of weather. Steel protected by cement will not rust away, and its elasticity mitkea possible an id'cal building ma-^ fire 1 terial, strcmg, light, permanent, proof and yet not brittle. “The highest monument to con- i cspete’s value is a great chimney iw i Japan, fifteen feet higher than the Washington monumept. It with- j stands frequent earthquakes. Lorado i Taft’s towering statue to ‘Black Hawk’ j above Oregon, 111., is a true monumeafi j to concrete. The material is used for • levees on the Mississippi. It is shot from guns for broad surfaces. Ships and barges have been made with i t Skyscrapers find it a stout foundation. Farms alone* use nearly one-fourth bl the .United State.s’ cement for innu­ merable purposes.” rymmng GOOD AND BAD Psychology Simplified for Poiicfe by Boy, 10 New York.—-A group of thirty men was gathered in a lecture room at Bellevue hospital recently listening to Dr. Menas S. Gregory, director of the ; psychopathic and alcoholic service, j lecture on psychology. j They were members of the New i York police department’s training school for detectives, and their ex­ pressions indicated that they were not absolutely sure whether psychology was something in the police regula­ tions or not. But before they had left the room a ten-year-old boy had given them a demonstration of applied psy­ chology which had more force than weeks of theoretical lecturing. Doctor Gregory bad noticed that the men were not completely grasping the meaning of his talk, so he sent word to have a boy who was being held as an incorrigible brought to the lecture room. Then he called for o' member of the class to step to the front. The boy was told: “Suppose that this policeman had just arrested you and you are trying to get away. What would yon do?” Then the boy was put in custody of the policeman. He scratched, bit, kicked and struggled until he wriggled 'loose and ran between the policeman’s legs and upset him on the platform amidst his brother officers’ guffaws. Doctor Gregory questioned the boy, saying: “Now tell us just why you did the things you did. Why did you scratch the policeman?” “Aw, that’s easy,” replied the boy. “When a cop’s got me I’m gonna fight to get away. When I scratch his face he puts his hands up to cover his eyes and when he does I’m gone.” You know there are the twins wha live in some of the story books and they have a per­ fectly wretched time of it. They have an­ other home, too. Their other home is a vine- covered house and there tliey are kept by vines which won’t let them get away for real fun. They have everything so snarled up— they’re not pretty vines at all. They entangle themselves about everything, for they are the vines They Must Be the Twins. Men Bigger and Better. Liars Than Women Berlin.—^Never believe a man, ladies. Lucifer, the father of lies, was a male and so was Ananias, legendary cham­ pion of untruthfulness. Not only are men much bigger liars than women, but they are better liars. All persons, without exception, lie more or less frequently. A man lies either from habit or to further his in­ terests. A woman lies to extricate herself from an embarrassing position. Men are more original in their lying because they have had more practice, j and “practice makes perfect.” These conclusions come from Pro­ fessor Bhlers, a well known Danish physician. Being masculine, he ought to know all about lying. The professor was among the con­ tributors to a symposium with which a Danish newspaper tried to answer the question whether men or women were better liars. Most of the con­ tributors, mostly men, agreed that ev­ erybody lies. The observations of professor Ehlers, however, caused the most comment. He says that women usually fall back on the same thread­ bare lies which bear the stamp of lies on their face. Farm Wife !s Mother of 18 at 38; Hubby is Maid Flat Rock, Mich.—While Mrs. Hen­ ry Brunette with her eighteen children undoubtedly has set a record for the mothers of the Upper Peninsula, Henry himself is acquiring laurels as a housemaid. Mrs. Brunette is thirty- eight and her husband forty-two. Fourteen of their children, including twin boys, who arrived recently, are living. Brunette owns a farm, but finds time to do considerable of the house­ work. His wife does all the family washings and ironings, her own bak­ ing, ministers to the family, milks four cows and feeds 52 chickens every day. Mrs. Brunette was married when she was fourteen. Her first husband was killed in the woods when she was nineteen. Mrs. Brunette had three children then. She was married to Henry Brunette a year later. Nine of the children living are hoys and five are girls. The ages are twenty-three, twenty-two, eighteen, fifteen, fourteen, twelve, ten, eight, six, five, two, thir­ teen months and four days. Snakes Used in Japan for Food and Medicine Tokyo.—^More than two hundred snake dealers in Tokyo supply the city’s demand for snakes as food and medicine, according to figures gath­ ered by Jiji Shimpo, one of Tokyo’s leading newspapers. Tokyo citizens consume about 40,- 000 snakes each month, says this pa­ per. Snakes, mostly of the kper fam­ ily or garter snakes, are either eat^n by invalids needing the nourishing factor which science has labeled vita­ min A, in which these reptiles are supposed to he rich, or they are con­ sumed as a drink, made by burning them and dissolving the ashes in spirits. Such consumption of snakes Is due to old superstitions and does not have medical Indorsenjent, of untruth and they work quite un­ fairly. The twins had once told their story to the boy and girl adventurers, but they wanted to tell it again, so when the Fairy Queen went a-calling one day she stopped to see them. They had asked if she would come to see them and they had sent their message by Master Thoughtfulness. They were not having- quite such a hard time as they once had had and they were hoping before long to be free. They thought perhaps they could get the Fairy Queen to send messages to grown-ups for them, and so they want­ ed to see her and ask her about it. They had heard from Master Thoughtfulness how lovely she was and they felt sure she would take their messages for them. She wandered along some distance until she found their house. It was so covered with these entangled, snarled vines that she could hardly see it at first. Then she could discover from an upper window two children who looked almost exactly alike. “They must be the twins,” she said to herself. “And this is just where Master Thoughtfulness told me I’d find them.” “Are you the Fairy Queen?” one of the children called out. “Here, come back here,” said the other, and one twin gave the other a great push. “I’m ready to help you, dear,” the other said. “Don’t be unkind to me. I’ll forgive you.” The Fairy Queen thought the twins seemed very strange. She didn’t like the one whose voice sounded so sweet, nor the one who had given the push. The latter seemed so cross and the former seemed much too sweet. But the Fairy Queen managed to get through the vines with the aid of her magic wand and she went upstairs to see the twins. They looked nicer to her now. “We’re both sorry,” they said to­ gether. “Now we’ll tell you our story* “We can’t help acting like that at times. We don’t want to, but we can’t help it. It has become such a habit.” They both talked together a good deal of the time, or one spoke and then the other went on with the story. This was their story. “You see,” they said, “we are the good little child and the bad little child of the story books. “We are kept here by vines of un­ truth and the only way we can be free is if people who tell our stories will only tell the truth about it. “For so long we’ve had so wretched a time. One of us always has to be so very, very bad, and the other has to be so very, very good. “Now we don’t like that. If the one of us who is bad wants to be good it is not allowed. And the good one can’t be bad. “You know, Fairy Queen, that isn’t fair. WeTe both good and bad—both of us. At heart we’re quite natural. “And oh, it is so unfair when these Story books are made up and we’re forced to do work we don’t want to do, We’re forced to be very good and. very bad. “You know chil­ dren aren’t like ^ that — any more than grown-ups. “There is bad and good all mixed In together —and no one feels like being better when they hear of any­ one like the good twin who is so good that she just Isn’t^ n a t u r a 11 That isn’t the way to make anyone want to become so good. Goodness shouldn’t be so sugary and pleased with itself. “W e 're Both §or- ry,” They Said, dull and Goodness should have life to it and joyousness and all such things.” So the twins talked and the Fairy Queen promised she would do her best to see that they were given a fair chance, for she thought, too, that it 1 pointer on tobacco: Coiiapaite, the taste ^ 4 ^ 4 % the c u t adiuige ^ ^ ^ ^ P ■ / (hangar Rou^Cut ’-‘ ■made and cut exclusively f i r pipes Elgin to Freserve Trees Over 1,000 Years Old Elgin.—Cedar trees that were good sized saplings during the first cru­ sades, according to foresters, have been turned over to the Illinois Nat­ ural Study society of Elgin by the city, and will be cared for in perpe­ tuity by the society. Only one other large grove of arbor vitae, or white cedars, is said to exist in the state. Foresters estimate that many of the cedars in Elgin are more than 1,000 years old, and that very probably the present grove is a part of a large woods which was well developed in the Ninth or Tenth century. The trees belong to the same family of plants . that include the famous cedars of Leb-; anon. Scientists say that, barring ex­ ternal accidents and dise^ise, there is no reason why the trees should not live another 1,000 years. The society, according to Carl F. Gronemann, president, plans to place a permanent label on every tree in the 121-acre park, and to maintain the | grove as a scientific preserve and as a public show place. Sunday Thought Pleasure that eOmes unlooked-for is thrice welcome; and, if it stir the heart, if augnt be there, that may hereafter in a thoughtful hour wake but a sigh,’ ’tis treasured up among the things most precious, and the day it came is noted as a white day in our lives.—Rogers. Churches Solid Foundation, The foundation of St. John the Di- ine church in New York is laid on solid, pre-Cambrian rock, among the oldest in creation, so that it is iikely to endure longer than many of the old-world cathedrals that are in dan­ ger of collapse because of sandy or 'wampy bases-. Coax Alaska Hen to Lay . With Electric Lighting Anchorage, Alaska.—The domestic hen in the interior of Alaska, accus­ tomed to take a layoff during the six months of night in winter, will have to do her steady shift at producing eggs, from all. indications. Electricity has come to the aid of the Alaska po’ultry farmer. By the aid of light and heated quarters hens are being made to lay at a time when in the past the egg supply hardly has paid for feed. Dairymen are constructing a type of chicken house with a basement in which a large air-tight heater is lo-* cated. The coop is wired for electric­ ity, so tliat it may be lighted during the “daylight” hours. With a marl|et of 58,000 cases of eggs and prices ranging from 75 cents to $1 a dozen in winter, the poultry In­ dustry premises to become one of the most remunerative In the government railroad belt. 98-Lb. Actress ‘‘Guilty” of Whipping Six-Foot Man New York.—^Vera Milne Hall, an ac­ tress weighing 98 pounds, was con­ victed in General Sessions court of whipping Edward S. Hurley, a six-foot motion picture agent, in his offices on September 8. Sentence was suspended. Miss Hall admitted in court that she became excited when she visited Hur­ ley’s offices to make him retract al­ legedly disparaging statements about her, and that she lashed him with a tbree-foot dog leash. She declared, however, that she employed the leash only when Hurley made 'a gesture which l?id her to believe he Was going to attack her. Deer Attacks Car Libby, Mont.—John Wotring of Warland, while driving In a forest Ji MM. ^ ^ ^ ^ S road, came on a deer which appeared ----- - ftg he passed a sharp turn. The wasn’t fair to have them as they v/ere, *nlmal, a large buck, lowered its horns, —the poor good little child of the story v *nd charged. When the dust cleared , book and the poor bad little child ofj away the buck wa« minus its homi^ the story boo^ *■ ^ J. M. DEWin 83-85 Pike Street Port Jervis, N. Y. CopyrlgLt 1524 H art ScHaffiiftf St Ms FINE CLOTHES DON’T COST THEY PAY Fine clothes aren’t luxuries, they’re economies; Dollar for Dollar they give you more for your money in long wear. They pay in respect, too— self respect and the respect of others. These Hart Schaffner & Marx suits for fall and winter are a paying proposition at $ 45.00

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