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The evening gazette. (Port Jervis, N.Y.) 1869-1924, September 23, 1924, Image 6

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m m T <r CSlfi FAMILY TREE OF THE MIGHTY PEN Bone Stylus, Recently Dis­ covered, Believed to Be Oldest Writing Tool. Washington.—“Bebe Norris of New Vork, N. Y., is a stenographer, A. D. 1024. She .doesn’t trace her blood lineage to ancieat Babylon. But Bebe had what might be called a ‘pijo- fessionak grandmother,’ a hundred or so times removed—Bibea Narem, by name—who did precisely the same sort of work as Bebe’s for a prominent merchant in Mesopotamia’s greatest city more than two thousand years be­ fore Christ. “When Bibea’s boss clapped his hands or made whatever signal. Baby­ lonian bosses made in place of press­ ing a buzzer button, Bibea grabbed her stenographic ‘pad,’ picked up a stylus and hurried in to take dicta­ tion. ““ Murashu Sons, Murashu Building. NiT)pur; Honored Gentlemen,’ prob­ ably began the dictator, addressing the historic banking firm which held the place in '•Babylonia that the Roths­ childs have held in Europe. “As her employer dictated Bibea rapidly jabbed her stylus into the soft clay of her little ‘pad.’ For like all her stenographic sisters of 4,000 years ago, Bibea was literally a ‘pencil pusher.' The stylus was^a little rod Of bone about six inches long, triangu­ lar in cross-section, cut off sharply at one end so that when this end was pressed into damp clay it left wedge- shaped impressions.” World's Oldest Pen. Such a bone stylus, described in dis­ patches from Bagdad as “the oldest known pen” has just been dug up on the site of the ancient city of Kish and gives archeologists one of their best specimens of the tool with which the priceless cuneiform tablets of Babylonia and Assyria were made. The discovery of this stylus led the National Geographic society, in tlie bulletin quoted above, to reconstruct with actual names and facts gleaned ^from other recent discoverie.s, a scene ^in a typical business ofiice of 40 cen­ turies ago.” The discovery of the bone stylus at Kish, the bulletin points out, discloses a class of implements that has been more important to the development of civilization than perhaps any other group of tools. “Man is even more truly distin­ guished as a ‘writing animal’ than as a ‘speaking animal,’ ” continues the bulletin, “for it is the gTowing fund of knowledge set down on various sur­ faces by various implements and .so passed on to generation after genera­ tion that has made possible develop- atent in the arts, sciences and indus­ tries. Back of the Kish stjdus are more primitive members of the pen fam ily; chisels to cut into stone and wooden tab lets, thorns to scratch on iihies, flint splinters with which to fur­ row cave walls, bones and sticks with which to make probably the first rude m arks of all in sand or dirt. In a parallel line, stretch back the fewer ance.stors of the pencil, bits of lead, lumps of chalk and soft earths, and the .ends of charred sticks. “The descendants o f th e B a b y loni­ a n stylus and the scratching tools that p r e c e d e d it p r e s e n t a startlin g array Of implements and mechanisms. In China and Egypt paper .and papyrus were invented to supersede the cruder andt heavier w r iting su r faces and tlie great forward step was made of apply­ ing a third substance, ink, by means of a brush or pen. The Egyptian reed p e n made of a hollow tubular stem may be looked upon as the direct an­ cestor of the modern pen. It had prac­ tically the form of its present-day de­ scendant, being pointed and slit to make it pliable. “The early Greeks and Romans, how­ ever, did not use any material com­ parable to paper. They first scribbled with chalk on broken bits of pottery, or scratched with pointed metal rods on wooden blocks. Their next step was to cover the blocks with wax and scratch their messages in that materi­ al. Their styli had knobs on one end «sed to smooth out erroneous marks. New wax could be applied and the tablets .used over and over. The metal fityli were truly as mighty as swords, serving as daggers when desired. Ju­ liu s Caesar is said to have been stabbed to death with such pens. F r o m F lint S p linter to Printing Press. “When papyrus reached Greece and Italy the reed pen and the use of ink went with it. This combination was also used in writing on sheepskfin parchment and vellum, and in the hands of slaves, and later monkish copyists, went into the making of the world’s most highly prized illuminated tnanuscripts and hand-wrought books. “Quills, chiefly from goose feathers, furnished the next source for improved pens. Not until the Nineteenth cen­ tury did detachable metal pen points exjrae into general use and shoulder quills out. Now something like three tnlUion gross of them are made year­ ly in the United States alone. “The steel and gold pens and even the latest models of fountain pens do not complete the pen genealogy. The far'-off bit of hone or flint used hy the less dumb savage who recorded an im-' Important event many thousand years ago was truly the original ancestor of out typewriters, our etching needlps. the light rays and acids we have har­ nessed to make our halftones, -and the gigantic, thunderous printing presses that grind ont their millions of oew»- pitpers^ magarines 'and books.” .riLEVFMNT.r.A PORT ERVIS. N. V. I TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 23,1924 .sic - s e l S ^ w o t baking poda t AQusehold am m o iiia,follow ed b ' ^ 8 © i | S '4'/ V a r o R m f MOST FUGITIVES IN 1 » GAME Generally Flee to Distant City, Hoping Search by Police Will End. New York.—How does it feel to be hunted by the police? After a man has committed a mur­ der and he knows that he is suspected or is likely to be, he probably will go as far away from the city of the crime as his funds will pt^rmit. He prefers a strange city, or one in which he has few friends. In such a cit.v he decides he can wait until the police .get tired of looking for him. If he decides not to seek safety in flight from a big city like New York he persuades friends to harbor him. He remains indoors during the day­ time. His friends keep him informed of the progress made hy the police on the case, and if they find the trail is getting warm hC moves to other quar­ ters, He remains in hiding until he feels it is safe to flee to a distant city. Prefer Cities to Small Towns. Most criminals, when in flight, pre­ fer cities to small towns and villages. A stranger in a sizable city attracts little or no attention. But in a small town the residents are curious to know all about strangers. A young holdup man, sitting in the detectives’ room of a station here after being captured, told of his experiences after fleeing from a western city, where he had committed a robbery. His train stopped for repairs at\a small station. He decided the peaceful village was just the place where his pursuers would never look for him, so he dropped off the train and entered the station to get a drink of water. He had fir.st slaked his thirst when a po­ lice circular on a wall attracted his attention. He thought it strange to find a circular in such an out-of-the- way place, and curious to see whose picture it bore, walked to it. To his surprise, it carried an excellent like­ ness of himself. Tie was glad that the train was still at the station and, as he hopped ahoai-d he resolved that henceforth he would stick to the cities. But although he kept his resolution, he got into the toils after all.. Another .vouth eluded the police for a year, visiting a dozen lar.ge cities and doubling on his tracks more than once. It was rou.gh going. The police gave him little peace of mind. Once he barely escaped them hy jumping i out of a window, and was laid up for j several weeks. Later he made his i home in a quiet little hotel. Just as he was beginnin.g to think the police j had given up the pursuit, he recog- j nized a detective who had arrested him ! a year or two earlier. The detective i happened to be en.grossed in a news­ paper in the lobby. The youth lost no ' time in checking out. j “I've Got You at Last!” j As the months slipped by, the con­ stant strain he w a s under began to affect his health. He was unable to sleep at night, A knock at the door, or the voice of a stranger, sent a shiver along his spine. He in time b e c a m e su s p iciou s of everybody. He finally told himself he was going in­ san e , .then plucked up courage. It was late spring, and perhaps the balmy weather had something to do with his returning spirits. Deciding it was foolish to worry, he went to a ball game one afternoon and was rooting for his favorite team when a hand was laid upon his shoulder. Glancing around, he recognized the detective.' “Well, son,” the latter rem.^rked, “you have led me a great chase, but I’ve got you at last. You can see the game ont If you like; then, I reckon, you’ll have to be a good boy and come along.” The youth was glad, neverthe­ less, that the chase had ended and with it the prospect that he would lose his mind. The fugitive often resorts to dis­ guise. Realizing that the police cir­ cular, besides carrying his likeness, will describe him^ physically, he attempts to appear different. Hence, if he is clean-shaven he sometimes will grow a moustache or a beard. He has been known to dye his hair and stain his face, and if he has a scar that he can conceal by letting his hair grow long he will do so. If he may be recognized by some peculiarity of dress, he does not hesitate to change his mode of attire completely. But the average fugitive from jus­ tice plays a losing game. He is pretty sure to be caught eventually, as the police receive information of the whereabouts of criminals from many sources. work this trick during straw-hat sea­ son. One of the most daring of rwent thefts occurred in a department store in an eastern city. A nian wearing no hat approached a negro porter em­ ployed in the store, slipped 25 cents Into his hand and asked him to help roll up a very expensive oriental rug lying on the floor. The porter, pleased W'ith the tip and assuming that the man Was an employee because he wore no hat, helped him roll up the rug and put it on his shoulder. Several floor­ walkers and store ofiicials who saw the man walk away with the rug thought he was an employee of the window trimming department. They reached this conclusion when they saw the porter helping him. The man disappeared around a corner and leis­ urely walked out of the building. Shake-Down Game. A shake-down game was recently worked on a department store in a Middle West city by a well-dressed man who stepped up to the counter and asked to see some gloves. He fried on several pairs, glancing around nervous­ ly. His furtive glances attracted the attention of a detective, who took up a position at the next cfounter and watched him. While the salesgirl’s back was turned the man put a pair of gloves into his pocket. He then told her he saw nothing he liked and started walking out of the store, fol­ lowed by the detective, who stopped him at the door. He became indignant when the detective requested him to accompany him. TMie detective, however, was insist­ ent, and the man was searched. A pair of gloves similar in color and design to those on sale at the counter was found in his pocket They bore, how­ ever, the mark of another department store in the same city. The man said he had bought them there the day be­ fore. He took the detective to that store with him and the salesgirl at the glove counter verified the sale. The man again became indignant and shook down the store for a tidy sum on the ground of a threatened suit. His little ruse of first ascertaining what kind of gloves the store was sell­ ing and then purchasing a pair like til Gin and laying them on the counter while he talked to the salesgirl worked. —^New York Times. Plan Champlain Isle for Honeymooners Only Burlington, Vt.—Dreams of honey- moonei’s for an isolated island are on the way to reality, Mrs. Frederick Welles of Burling­ ton, owner of an Su-acre island in Lake Champlain, has received bids for it from six different men. The island is equipped with a house of sixteen rooms, luxuriously fur- nishoii. It has four baths, e:^tensive servants’ quarters, a deer park and a yacht. The house was erected at a cost of $100,000 and will, it is understood, be sold for approximately $00,000 to a company which proposes to rent tlie entire establishment out by the day, week or month to honeymooners only, at the rate of $100 a day, with an ad­ ditional charge for servants and for food. A week’s honeymoon there would cost about $1,000. Mrs. Welles in describing the island “Young people will have 85 acres to themselves. The servants’ quarters are in a separate bungalow. As for the house, it is so large that the honey- mooners could lose tbemselYes in it, so to speak. The living rooms, dining and breakfast room are most artistically furnished. The baths are spacious, equipped with large showers and marble floors. “Then there is the deer park, a beau­ tiful shaded retreat with winding paths shadowed -with big trees. The yacht will carry them,back and forth to the shore, the trip taking about one hour and ten m inu tes, a s the island stan d s in the middle of the lake, far removed from the curious.” The place is known as “Stave Island.” Mrs. Welles recently bought a larger isle somewhere in the lake and accord­ ingly has no further use for the honey­ moon island. WRKUYS Chew it after every meal It stlm n la t e ii r ^ l ! e p p e f i t e a n d Aids d ig e s t io n . It m a k ^ s y o u r food do yon more flintnnyiffinrnnnnl good. Note liow It reliev e s that stntty feelin g after hearty eating. A. JDAlilNG lYKuYMA. It is an n o u n c e d that “R a in ” the p lay w h ich, m a d e th e jad e d N e w Y o r k critics sit up a n d tak e n o tice is to be presented by Sam M. H a r r is' a t th« N e w T h e a t r e T h u r s d a y evening^ Sept. 25 th- So daring in its treatment, so abso­ lutely true, and so analytical of human nature did they find it that it was not dismissed with one review but was written, about and commented ■ on for rtiany, many weeks. The scenes of! “Rain” are laid in the Southv Seas at Tutuila, one of the islands of that ro­ mantic spot which is under the domin­ ion of the tlnited States. It was orig­ inally a short ’ story called “AHss Thompson” written by W. Somerset Maugham and was made into a play by John Coulton and Clemence Ran­ dolph, two aspiring dramatists who liave m a d e th e ir p o s ition secu r e throu­ gh this one great work. It will be presented here in the same carefui manner as during the long run it en­ joyed on Broadway. ‘‘OBEY NEW UW ANB SAVE LIVES!! I GOVERNOR'S APPEAL TO MOTORISTS A Spreading Use of'Coffee I’hc use- of coffee* in Abyssinia was recorded in the Fifteenth century, and was then stated to have lieen prac- liced from time immemorial. In time the practice spread Arabia. The plant began to be cultivated there, and the u.^G of coffee a.? a national bfeverage became as inseparably connected with that country as tea is with China. .. STA T E OF NEW _ E x e c u t i v e j C h a m b e n ^ O A lbany . N. V. O . jfO.THE tlOSISSD MOtOR YTEHICtE m V E R f * Under the authority of the new lavi) by which you have been licen s e d to operate A/ lootor .'vehicle. Hew York S tate is going to Make a new effo r t to SAVE liOMAH LIVES, Yott)*. ' undoubtedly are fam iliar with most of the , * important provisions of the law. What 1 would lik e to ask of you day, as the Governor o f the Stat?, is your '•hearty cooperation in the enforcement of th is law. If the public w i l l give f u l l cooperatioH|> ithe o f f i c i a l s o f the Motor Vehicle Bureau can enforce it* . When i t is enforced I am firm ly cons^ Winced that the t o l l of haaian liv?« taken in autoMobile aooidei!&*’<w w i l l be reduced, or a t 'le a s t i t w i l l so t be constantly counting highest «nd higher, as i t has been day in and day but* year a fter year, ever ninoe motor veh icles began to play so ii^poftant a part in our liv e a and work* r \ The State o f Mew York ds going to do’ I i t s share in th is task of 8AVIMG BUMAW XIVXS. ‘ Svery c i t i s e n oust help* but automobile drivers^ ' can help • more than any other cla s s - by I jOBSYIBG THE LAW and a s s istin g in every possiblm 1 the . o f f i c i a l s charged with i t s enforceasnt* aiooerely yours. Copies of this appeal are being dis­ tributed to all operators licensed under the new motor vehicle law of the state. It is estimated more' than 1,250,000 operators, outside of the metropolitan district of New York city, will have to be licensed by October 1/ After that date persons who operate motor vehicles without licenses will be subject to arrest. Pum ice W idespread Pumice is volcanic scoria or lava, .sponay or cellulai* from bTibhles of steam or gas which it contained dur­ ing liquidity much used as a pobsh- ing material especially when pow­ dered. In minute fragments it has been shown to have an ^exceedingly wide di.stribution over the earth’s sur­ face. It occurs in all deposits which cover the floor of the deepest porti-ons of oceans. ' N a u tical Ternt Plimsoll line is a name given to the marking on the'hull of a vessel show­ ing how heavily a, vessel may be load­ ed with safety. Many vessels having been lost through overloading, Samuel Plimsoll, a member of the British par­ liament, prepared a merchant ship­ ping act, which became a law in 18T6. The act has been amended since, but forms the basis for the load-line marks of vessels.- LEGAL NOTICE. IN PURSUANCE of an orderrder of Hon­ orable Blwood C. Smith. Surrogate o ith. Si of the County of Orange, notice is hereby given to all persons haylnv claims against Wladyslaw KUlakow’ski late of the City of Pqrt Jervis. Coun­ ty of Orange and State of New Yqrk. to present the same with vouchers thereof to the subseriber at his place of transacting business at the office of Messrs. Gregg & Feuchs, Hubbard Building, Port Jervis, N. Y„ on or be­ fore the 1st day of November, 1924. Dated, at Port Jervis. N, Y., the 11th day of April. 1924. JOHN L. SLOAN. ~ ‘ Administrate’ Gregg & Feuchs, Attys. for Admr., * Hubbard Building, Port^ Jervis, N. Y. Find Aztec Markings on Nevada Cavern Wall Reno, Nev.—^Discovery of figur­ ing in Aztec characters on the rock wall of a cavern in eastern Nevada, near the Lehman Caves National Re­ serve, was announced by Dr. B. F. Sebappelle, University of Nevada, ar­ cheologist. He described the find as one of the most important of its kind among western archeologic discoveries of recent times. The tracings are said to be the farthest north Aztec mark­ ings discovered. Rock writings re­ sembling Egyptian hieroglyphics also were noted by the expert. Members of the exploration party expressed belief that further investiga­ tion would uncover an underground city among the caves and on the banks of, an underground river. In a burial cave with a four by six- foot opening at the surface, leading to a large underground room, five human skeletons were found. The bones were badly disintegrated. Live angle- worms were discovered 190 feet under ground in the caves. Human Newspaper Dead Fremont, Neb.—John Hauser, “the huihan newspaper,” is dead. Hauser ' ran an unpretentious book and station- ' ery store, and dug up more news stories during his career than any re- ’ porter in town. He wrote what he found in longhanll and hung sheets of news in the stor^' window. In a short time his store became tbe mecca for every curious-minded citizen. | HOUSE WIVES Watch this space for tomo^rohi^s annouficernent in this paper. h A

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