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Rockland County times weekly. (Haverstraw, N.Y.) 1889-current, January 13, 1894, Image 6

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TOPICS OF THE TIMES A CHOICE SELECTION OP IN- TERESTING ITEMS. Onmhuli mil Orlimtmi Imd Upon 1k» H>ppa«ill|l of thr. I»tf Ulitmletl Maw* Mob*v A man whose ideas arc very vague concerning everything else, has a »err clear opinion of woman'* duties. Aok and experience are the best tMchers/ Now much more we learn each succeeding day. A better way tc put It would bo to say, how much less we know each day While Italy is reported upon the very verge of bankruptcy she goes right along expending millions for a great standing army, and millions more tor armed cruisers. Europe never before so bristled with arms. The world of men will naturally ask, What does ft all mean? Did you ever stop to think that In less than one hundred years from now none ol us will be worrying or both- ering about the putty trials of life? I write these few lines tor those who are continually fretting themselves ?bout mere trifles. It don't pay; they don't amount to anything after all. The editors of morning papers in Germany leave their offices at (' o'clock, and the papers are on the press at 11 o'clock. By 12 o'clock even the printers have gone home, and when Gen. Von Moltke died at II o'clock at night there was only one Berlin newspaper that had a line about it in Its issue next morning. Phoplb writing abroad should never add \Esquire\ alter the name on the envelope. Foreign postoltice people are so ignorant that they fre- quently take the word \Esquire'' for a place, the consequence or which is that scores of letters go astray in the course of a ye;ir. Don't use \Es- quire\ at all; io is bad form: \Mr.\ is the proper affix to an address. One of Itudyard Kipling's neigh- bors in Brattl.borois William A. Co- nant, who might justifiably be called the \American Stradivarius.\ For more than fifty years he has made very excellent violins and 'cellos. He had a hi«h reputation in Boston and New Xork for workmanship as far back as 1841, and since that time he has manufactured as many as 700 violins of flrie quality. Mr. (,'onant Is now 89 yoirs old. Stradivarius made violins when 92, and it would be a proper thing for Mr. C'onaut to continue at his trade for three years to come. Tub Medical Record ot New York is obliged to raise its voice demand- ing police protection lor the doctors, who have been systematically robbed by sneak thieves in that city. The thieves assume the character of in- valids, in which they enter the of- fices and residen es ot physicians and vteal everything in sight. The Becord says that \if the police would be a little more alive the doctors would not have to put combination locks on their front doors and chain their overcoats to the hall tree after having chained the tree to the bal- ustrade. ?' It appears?from Lady Burton's life of her distinguished husband that when he was in thedinlomaticservice In India be grew tired of the society of men and collected about him forty monkeys of all ages, races, and spe- cies, with whom he dined every day, each simian having his proper chair, plate, and food. Sir ltichard sat at the head of the table, with a prcttv little monkey ori a high baby-chair at his side. He gave each of the ani- mals a title, as doctor, chaplain, ald-dc-camp, secretary. What an op- portunity this would have been for Garner to forward his study of mon- key dialects and manners! The expense of having the unsold World's Fair souvenir 50-eent pieces recolnod was $40,1100 and the com- mission has paid the amount. The Government declined to bear the ex- pense, and had it not been paid by (be commission the souvenir coins would have been put in circulation at ttieir face value. As the coins un- sold amounted $1,700,000, the issue of this vast sum at the face value of each piece would have been a great! injustice to the people who had pur- chased coins at a premium. I'nder the circuuistaucos it was eminently j proper for the commission to pay the j cost ol recoinage in order to protect! those who had in good faith pur- chased the coins at a premium. la-really appears very extraordinary j indeed that iri. Groat Britain at the j close of the nineteenth century there can exist and agitate a considerable number of people who honestly be- lieve that vaccination Is not only not benetlclal but positively Injurious and often fatal. Vet :iuch is the fact, for we are informed by the press dis- patches that \anti-vaccinators as Miey call themselves, actually over- powered and beat back a large force ?f police which had t been ( ordered to calm and', if necessary, '* to dis- perse a meeting of them. . We in America havo come to regard vaccina- tion as unquestionable and to submit lo it in perfect confidence that it wilf work us no Injury and w|ll infalllf^ t 'J protect us from smallpox contagiotJi In this view and in this confldeuH «re probably are right. fl The of a inuW (lerous bomb In fche Fltench Chamb'rT of Deputies la but another proof that anarchy is everywhere the same bru- tal combination of a vile minority to slaughter Its opponents. In Franco the liberty of speech runs to license. The discussion of tho theory of anarachy has gouc unchecked In Paris. Anarchy hat> had Its candl- i dates for the Legislature. It has as- surned all the functions of a party. It cannot be urged In mitigation of I' the discharge of the bomb that there was a real or mistaken fear of police prevention of freedom of spcech. The murderous conspiracy In I arls was of a piece with that in Chicago It was the crime of men whose Insane wickedness had been permitted to develop by careless aut.horltes, and it stands as conttrm- atory evidence of the need of \short sharp, and decisive\ methods of deal- ing with anarchistic asrembllcs, ii \u25a0 \u25a0 ? Dr. Joiinson says that no man ever became great by imitation, but the experience of Itcv. Isaac David- son, colored, of Alabama, shows that an imitator may obtain a certain de- gree of notoriety combined with more or less pleasurable excitement, lar- son Davidson had heard Sam Jones at Birmingham address his congrc gations as dirty yellow hound dogs and imps of hell, and upon returning to his (lock decided to adopt a siml- lar style of oratory. He had an idea that it would stir up the brethren. it did. Mr. Davidson opened the campaign by announcing that Ws parishoners were black devils and imps of hell, whereupon the parish- oners arose as one man and one woman with the avowed' intention of killing him. He escaped only by pleading temporary insanity. This teaches us that though you may learn to squint by looking at squint- ing people, you had best be sure ol your squintee before exerc sing youi powers. Mil. CiriJMLKV, the Yorkshire farmer who recently declared at the meeting of Lord Winchclsea's National Agricultural Union in London that he would not be a party \to any scheme by means of which the farm- ers are used to bolster up the decay- ing squirearchy,\ seems fully to com- prehend the purpose of the gather- ing. The union was founded about a year ago for the special purpose ol saving the landlords. Some of the wealthy farmers were admitted to the organization, but only that they might assist the landlords in their schemes. The landlord orators in. veighed against the tax on land then as they did receutly, forgetting that the heaviest tax levied was that for the landlords' benefit. It was notice- able too at this meeting that the resolutions were cut and dried affairs offered by Tory landlords and sup- ported by Tory squires and landlords and some of their favored tenants. It Is becoming difficult to prop up landlordism even in England. One of tho saddest mistakes evet made was when the devoted wife of John Tyndal administered to him an overdose of chloral for sulphate ol magnesia. \My paor darling, you have killed your John,\ the dying man said, when Mrs. Tyndal told him of her mistake while over, whelmed with grief. The chloral and the magnesia had been kept side by side, and mistakes in similat cases aie frequent. ?s'o one has the heart to say a word which could In the remotest degr< i reflect on the poor widow. Johr Tyndal was an honor to this ag i His scientific achievements are world-wide. His bad health would probably have car- ried him hence soor. The ago will miss him. Among the mysteries is the departure, by seeming accident or mistake, from the earth life ot really useful men. There does not seem to be a reason for it unless, in- deed, they are wanted elsewhere. Otherwise blind Fate rules us. There seems to lie some things which are permitted for wise ends. Go to the Mole, Thou Sluggurd. A mole's life is by no means a gen- tlemanly sinecure, according to the Cornhlll Magazine. \u25a0 He has to work harder, in all probability, for his pit- tance of earthworms than any other animal works for his daily bread. His whole existence is spent in per- petually raising and removing large piles of ear.h by sheer force of mus- cle. In order to sustain such con stant toil and to replace and repair the used-up tissue the mole requires to be always eating. His appetite is 1 voracious. Ho works like a horse and I eats like an elephant. Throughout j his waking hours he is engaged in j pushing aside earth and scurrying after worms in all his galleries and tunnels. Tho laborer, of course, Is worthy of his hire, ,-uch ceaseless activity can onl / be kept up by equally ceasloss feeding, and so the , mole's existence is one lorigsavago al- ternation of labor and banqueting. His hoart and lungs and muscles are working at such a rate that it' he goes without food for half a day he starves and dies of actual inanition. He is a high pressure engine His drinking is like his eating; immod- erate in all things he must have his liquor much and often. So he digs man i pits in his tuiiuele I ground and catches water in them to supply his needs at frequent internals. He doesn't bellevo, however, in the oarly closing movement. Day and night alike he drinks every few hoi|rs, for dav and night aro alike to him. He works and rests by . turn, after the fashion of the navvies employed in t'jfcjtiug tunueljAMAuMisures his It bj^mtw^of FOR THE FAIR SEX. SKASONAHfjK HINTS AND MAT- 'l'KttS OF MOMENT. Women versus Warriors?A (jucen'i Refuge In Miilnn?Women's Clubs In Germany?A Queen's Hobbles-Yel- low For Pftff.y Ureases?Kte., Ktc. FASHION NOTES. A dress of olive-green cloth has collar, vest, shoulder-ruffles, folded belt, cufTs and skirt-trimming of the richest blaok moire. A on pi tal way of trimming a plain skirt is with nn enormous piping at the extreme hem, lmlf an inch tniok and covered with satin or velvet. Black satin knickerbockers buckled to the knee are the latest, fad to wear under skirts instead of petticoats. They are extremely warm and comfortable. Everybody is looking up their long deserted ermine mulls and bong. These need no alteration, for they are worn in just the same shape and size as of old. A new bodice is made of poppy red, accordion-pleated crepe do Cliloc, with full sleeves of surah in the same shade, finished with deep ruffles and epaulettes of black lace. \u25a0 A young lady's dress of heliotrope Henrietta-cloth hus trimming of black lace set on over bands of pale-inauve silk. The blccvcs are in very fine ac- cordion-plaiting. Chrysopruse, a charming light green tintei stone, is the particular favorite this winter. Double hearts of it sur- rounded by diamonds are the prettiest thing to be imagined. The horseshoe is introduced into vurious styles of dress. The horseshoe crown is one of the newest forms for bonnets, generally supplemented by Mercury wings in front. Fashionable hairdressers say that hair brushed to a satin finish will be worn in the near future, although the fringe of short curls about the face will be re- tained, as they make a woman look more youthful. New moires show novel and attractive patterns. They are ntriped, shot, flowered, dotted, or barred with velvet or aatiu on either the large-waved antique grounds or the moire Francais surfuoes in tiner ripples. The skirt of the duy is no longer lined with stiff stuff, but is wudded up to the waist with very thin wadding, and, of course, covered with silk or satin, the softer the better, for it is no longer good form to have the gown rustle. Artificial flowers are worn on evening dresses, placed as if they were growing at the side of the skirt, but nearly always mixed with ribbons. Large bunchea and large trails are uaed, and only the most natural looking flowers are worn. A new visiting costume is of otter- colored velvet. The corsage has the favorite basque of the period. The vel- vet sleeve is draped over a lining of the ordinary shape, and is surmounted by capes round at the baok and full in front. For young ladies the evening gown is usually of light, transparent stuff over a silk or satin skirt, but matrons are more inclined to employ the light and rich brocades, as admitting of a greater ele- gunce in decoration aud more recherche richness in effect. Everything that is waved is fashion- able. Worsted braids waved come in all colors, and a design in waved velvet with a jet edge hus jet sturs worked all over the velvet. Somo of the braids have a waved edge crocheted in silk, which makes them very handsome. A dress of white camel's-hair, with bell-skirt, full-topped sleeves, very wide slioulder-ruflles and high, olose collar, trimmed with galloon in white and gold, is worn with a wide sash of gold-colored ribbon, with loops und ends falling almost to the hem of the skirt. The tirst thing to be remembered iu the making «f children's gowns is that tho little maid of two wears the longest gown. It readies quite to her shoe tops iiud the shoes are not high. Tho girl of sijcteen wears a dress about the same length, the maid of fourteen oue two inches ihorter, and the dress shortens as the years lesseu until the little maid be- tween four and eight wears a dress quite covering Uurkuees lu the French fash*«\ from the storms of the revolution. It may be nothing more than n tradition, but certainly quantities of rioh stuffs, furniture and sliver fit for royal use were transferred to the Now England ?manor house, and efforts were made to bring the pretty Austrian to this country for safety. WOMEN VP.USUS WARRIORS. At a recent meeting of ft woman's club the discussion of sooial customs in Ger- many, following a delightful paper read by Mrs. Haynrd Taylor, brought out from several speakers the opinion that in a country where the soldier is so marked n figure in affairs the status of womnn is not apt to be prominent. Sho naturally suffers by a oontinual, if in- voluntary and scarcely recognized, com- parison with the sturdy aud stalwart warrior. womkn's cluiis in gbrmany. German women may not be exnetly club devotees, as their American sisters are, but here is the account of an organ- i/.ation which Is not to be despised. It is the Vnterland Frauenverein, now numbering over 100,000 members. There are seven smaller similar societies, all with the sumo objects, which nre: (J) To found creches and orphan asvluins; (2) to work in sewing schools. Sunday- schools and similar institutions; (il) to help the deaf aud dumb, blind nnd men- tally deficient; (4) to assist in promoting homes for servants and\ work girls; (5) to succor those rendered destitute by Hoods and fires; (6) to start nnd maintain soup kitchens and dinners for the poor; (7) to bestow Christmas pifts on the poor; (8) to care for patients at the lying-in hospitals; (9) to find employ- ment for old nnd invalid women, and all out of work; (10) to found libraries for the working classes; (11) to support the families of invalids, soldiers and militia. A DAINTY SILK WAIST. This winter we bavo seen the most swagger waists, made of exquisite mate- rials, lined, boned and trimmed, until a ball bodice does not receive more work than the oft-quoted silk waist. \I think,\ says a young lady of our ac- quaintance, \there is nothing prettier, and surely nothing more coinfortble, r.nder the heavy coats, than these waists, but now they are an absolute luxury, as they are made of silk, which is not only expensive, but does not wear very well. I refer to the stiff taffeta silk, which is the most effective material, and which cornea in all shades of the changeable effeots. Home are wonder- fully beautiful in coloring, and worn with a black skirt, are quite bewitching. ''I haven't had a thing this year that has attracted so much attention as my new silk waist. One grave man, who doesn't ktrow a gingham from a satin gown, looked at me quizzically over his glasses and said, 'Awfully pretty rig that. You look like a beautiful bee iu it.' A man's praise, I thought; but then even to attract his attention was something. \Another old bachelor, a doctor, wrote me a note a few days Rfter 1 had luuclicd with him at a friend's house, nnd said he would like to know what tlint basque, waist or jacket I wore was made of, any- how. He had beea trying to describe it to his sister and had failed, and so extravagantly had he described it that her curiosity would not be appeased. Fancy that, and all because of a dainty, exquisitely shaded silk waist, the colors of which ran from sunlight to magenta, with the whole taking on a tone of green.\ \How was it made?\ \Oh with a full French back and gathered fronts, and two great flaring butterfly-wing pieoes, which forme) u jabot down the front. The collar is a full, soft one, and the sleeves?well, they are stunning. Great, huge ones, that fall so prettily and arc finished with a soft cull of the silk. The bodice Is sharp pointed back and front, and hits the new bias ruffle, which gives quite a jaunty finish to the waist.\ So here is your chance, girls, for pretty, attractive waist. a qukbn'b iiouuies. The Dowager Quecu of Portugal, Maria Pia, Ims a good many seemingly conflicting tastes. She has a passionate fondness lor flowers, especially for deli- cute maidenhair fern and lilles-of-the- vallev, and she is also devoted to manly sports. She hunts admirably, and at her country place on the seuboard at CaUlas she used to amuse herself by shooting from a high window at bottles floating in the water She very seldom missed her unstable marks. Philanthropy is another of her hobbies. She is at. the head of all Ijenclleeiit in- stitutions in Portugal, and is known affectionately as the \Angel of Charity.\ When her husband was alive whenever she left tho cathedral after morning service the poor people knelt and kissed the hem of her dress. Those who hud petitions to protont gave them into her own hand, und on her return home she caused them to be thoroughly investi- gated. In uddition to these titles for distinc- tion, the Dowager Queen of Portugal lias a fondness for looking extremely well, and, In consequence, is considered one of the best-dressed women iu Europe. YKI.I.OW FOU PAItTY DUKSSIig. Yellow is a color which is becoming to but few women, yet it bids fair to be the rage for party dresses both for young and old. To wear yellow effectively one must have clear black or durk brown hair, eyes of darkost brown, a golden brown skin with n vivid warm color in the cheeks, and flue white teeth. A strikingly rich dress of rich amber tauellow recently worn ut a No- fnnllke insertions of chiffon was a pale yellow silk poppy with stamens of gold. The waist was a decolbte basque of the brocade veiled in the yellow chiffon, which was laid on thobackof 1 in soft folds. A curiously pretty collar of gold mesh, in which was wrought dinmond shnped designs in white duchcsso lace, cncircled the top of the lmsque from between the shoulders in the back to just beyond the arm holes in front. It was edged with soft folds of the chiffon. The sleeves were balloon ! like ones, veiled in chiffon. CONCBIININO THK HANDKERCHIEF. The handkerchief is, in its way, a I thing of sentiment from which one may read a little of my lady's character. For the dainty woman nlways has a delicate, snowy bit of linen edged around with lace, delicately perfumed, and with a certain freshness about it as if it were never used but once. Indeed, Japanese ladies never do use a handkerchief more tljnn once, any more than they use a toothbrush the second time. A tiny bit of n paper handkerchief is that affeoted by my ladv of chrysanthemum land. It is tucked into her sash or obi and used, if necessary, and thrown away. For morning there nre fine and thin grass linen squares, with a faint bit of color In the border, and very smart they look tucked inside the coat or peeping from a waistcoat pocket. And for the afternoon there are sheer squares of the lawn, most delicntcly embroidered in fine aud close rather than elaborate patterns. For evening the tiny squares are edged nround with real Valenciennes lace, and very tiny they are, too, for there is never a pocket in an evening gown, nnd it is well to have the linudkerchief small enough to be tucked away in a small space. For some reason a fine and pretty handkerchief will nlmost redeem an old or common-place toilet. Somehow, iu the eyes of her sister women, the girl who is dainty enough to carry always something nice for a handkerchief, even with plain attire, rises several degrees in regard. And to the lover there is a great ainonnt of sentiment attaohed to the little filmy trifle he finds in her book or behind her chair, redolent of the per- fume she always inhales and warm from the touch of her hand.?[New York Ad- vertiser. ORIGIN OF VEGETABLES. t'lacos from Which Sonic of Our Pop- ular Fruit Plants Come. Spinach is a Persian plant. Filberts came from Greecc. Quinces came from Corinth. The turnip came from Home. The peach came from Persia. The nusturtium came from I'eru, Horseradish is a native of England. Melons were found originally in Asia, Sage is a native of the south of Europe. Sweet marjoram is a native of Portugal. The bean is said to be a native of Egypt. Damsons originally came from Damas- cus. The pea is a native of the South of Europe. Coriander seed came originally from the East. The gooseberry is indigenous to Great Britain. Gingur is a native of the East and West Indies. Apricots are indigenous to the plains of Armenia. The cuoumber was originally a tropical vegetable. Pears were brought from the East by the Romans. The walnut is a native of Persia, Cau- casus and China. Capers originally grow wild in Greece and Northern Africa. Garlic came from Sicily and the shores of the Mediterranean. The onion was almost an object of worship with the Egyptians 2,000 year* before the Christian era. It first came from India. Asparagus was originally a wild sea- coast plant of Great Britain. The clove is a native of the Malacca Islands, as also is the nutmeg. Cherries were known in Asia as far back as the seventeenth century. The tomato is a native of South Amcrion, and takes its uaine from a Por- tugese word. I'arsley is said to have come from Egypt, and mythology tells us it was used to adorn the head of Hercules. Apples were originally brought from the East by the liomans. The crab ap- ple is indigeuous to Great Britain. Cloves coine to us from the Indies, and take their name from the Latin clavus, meaning a nail, to which they have a resemblance. The cantaloupe is a native of Amer- ica, and so named from a place near Home, where it was tlrst cultivated in Europe. Lemons were used by the liomans to keep moths from their garments, and in the time of Pliny they were con- sidered an excellent poison. They are natives of Asia.?(Good Housekeeping. Not Going to Hurt Him. Iu the oflicial ceremony the Chinese diplomats are striot observers of the very letter of etiquette; in private life they are simple and unaffected, with the joy- ous dispositiou of a lot of schoolboys. A young lady was walking in the Zoo. logical Park a few days ago when the Chinese minister passed her going out. He was followed by a lot of boys. Tho young lady wus worried lest the boys were about to do something rude to the minister, and she culled one of them to her. \Do you know who that is?\ she asked. \Yep; Chinaman,\ was the laconic leply. \110 is the Chineso minister,\ said she, impressively, \und you must be very ourcful not tn bo rude to him.\ \Oh wo ain't going to hurt him,\ answered Young America. \He is all right. He has been plu.ving football with us down iu tho park.\?[Washing- ton Post. A Lesson in Thrift. Guy, tbe bookseller and the founder of the great hospital in Loudon, was noted during his life for his niggardly economy, lie never married and lived usually in the back part of his shop, lie was accustomed to sleep upon a bench, and to use his counter for a table and a newspaper for a cloth. One evouing a well-known miser, named Hopkins,called upon him to gather some hiuis i» the art of ecouoiny. Mr. Guy lighted a candle, inspected the visitor, aud asked his busi- ness. discuss your methods of savwa the ru^^^WejaJHM NEW USES FOR MAIZE. I ALL PARTS OIT INDIAN CORN NOW UTILISSKD. Bread Made Out of tlic Leaves?'The Oerim Yield Oil lor llluinlnntlon aud Machinery?Tho Cobs and Husks. The demand for paper in the world is growing greater steadily. In Older to ! supply it many new vegetable materials have been made to serve as stock, rags to day furnishing only n minor fraotion of the raw stuff employed for the pur- pose. Among these substances wood I pulp stands first. A very Important con- tribution is made also by the famous es- parto grass of northern Africa and south- western Europe. Hut the timo is ap- proaching when the leaves of Indian corn will be utilized in this way to an enor- mous extent. In Vienna the manufac- ture of paper from maize is already con- ducted on an extensive scale. The Al- legemeine Zeitung, a scicntific journal of importance, is printed on sheets of this product, the yellowish tint of which is restful to the eyes. It has a number of other advantages. Very little sizing is required; it bleaches well and it is stronger than rag paper. No machinery is required for tearing up the corn leaves. The latter arc merely soaked in hot water for a few days, after which they are easily separated into three parts ?the large veins nnd ribs, the material between the ribs and a coarse paste. The first are utilized for making gunny sacks, cordage and certain kinds of cloth; the second furnishes material for a pecu- liar sort of bread, described as havingan agreeable flavor; the third is employed for paper pulp. All of these uses for maize are now, as is likewise the process of obtaining a valuable oil from oorn. For this last purpose the grain is crushed, and the germs, which contain the oil, ore sep- arated by winnowing. The germs are then subjected to hydraulic pressure, yielding 15 per cent, of oil, which is of a pale, golden-yellow color, and has a pleasant taste and odor. It is employed in dressing wool and to lubricate ma- chinery. The yield is sixteen pounds to every one hundred bushels of maize. Maize oil is well adapted for illuminat- ing purposes,giving a bright, white flume. It is also good for heating, developing a high temperature in burning. In the Wist, where the supply of fuel is often precarious, corn oobs arc frequently used in stoves, three tons of them being reck- oned as equal to one ton of hard coal. Sometimes, when there has been a fuel famine, the whole ear has been employed. In France the cobs, saturated with resin and tar, are utilized us fire lightors, fetching, when thus prepared, from $2.40 to $1 per thousand, according to size. The husks arc used for packing oranges and cigars, as well as in stuffing pillows, mattiesses and lounges. As stoppers for bottles also the cobs are sometimes em- ployed. Toasted cornmcal is utilized in some parts of this country as a substi- tute for coffee. The cobs yield a largo amouut of potash. A mill shelling 500 bushels an hour turns out 7,000 pounds of cobs every sixty minntes, or 70,000 pounds for each working dny. The cobs arc consumed ns fuel in the mills, and the refuse ashes are collected for the ex- traction of the potash. A factory of the above-mentioned capacity will furnish as a by-product 635 pounds of potash per diem. Science has devoted much attention to finding out where this most valuable of American farm products bad its origin. An overwhelming weight of testimony goes to show that the earliest home of maize was the highlands of Central Mex- ico. All of the plants closely related to Indian corn are indigenous to that part of the world. It is believed that the vege- table originated in a circumscribed local- ity, above 4, GOO feet elevation, north of the Isthmus of Tehuuntepec and south of the twenty-second degree of north latitude, near the ancient seat of the Maya tribes. There is hardly a doubt that the Mayas were the first to cultivate maize, and thut they distributed it in every diroction. From them the use of the cereal spread north and south. It is considered probable that the plan was known along the liio Grande by 700 A. D. Three hundred years later it had reached the coast of Maine. In Peru the Incas used it before the year 700. By the time of Columbus it was found every- where. It was one of the produots of American soil which the great navigator took back with him to Spain and showed to Queen Isabella. From Spain it soon spread over Europe, and in the sixteenth century grains of it were sowed in Italian, French, German and English gardeus. Before long it was cultivated upon a larger scale in the fields. It became widely known as \Turkish wheat,\ be- cause the New World as confused in the popular mind with the East Indies, the trade of which was carried on by way of Turkey. The ancient Moxicans, to whom the development of the usefulness of Indian corn is due, were a highly civilized peo- ple. They were skillful builders, made utensils of copper and tin, worked gold and silver into ornaments, had an elab- orate religious system, preserved a large literature on parchment, of the maguey plant, kept a calendarand understood the arts of agriculture, rais- ing beuns, pepper, gourds and many other fruits of tillage. Their country was so densely populated that floating gardens were constructed, on which all products of the soil known to them, particularly muize and beans, were sown. These gardens wore constructed of logs over- laid with earth. They have been de- scribed by historians us \ fairy islets of flowers overshadowed by trees of consid- erable size.\ Even to this duy suoh float- ing islands are built and anchored in Mexican lakes for purposes of pleasure. The ruins of great irrigation works testify to the extent t.ua development of the cultivation of maize by the ancient Peruvians. Their tombs commonly con- tained corn, either in the ear or the grain. The bodies of these people were buried in a squatting positiou, with the knees drawn up beneath the chin, and were rolled and tied up in mats. Heads of corn and copper agriultural imple- ments were included in the rolling. With the corpse were usually placed a water vessel and a pot with grains of maize. All along the coast of Peru for 1,300 miles are scattered thousands of such prehistoric tombs. Darwin unearthed some ears of corn on the seashore, in a stratum which had evidently been raised by geologic action from nearer the sea- level, and to them he assigned a great antiquity.?[Washington Star. Thirteen thousand dollars was the price paid by an Englishman at un auc- tion sale for tlio famous Hindu god Liu yum. The image is only twelve inches is quite rich in hammered gold Hard Times. Politicians may debnto and Congress may legislate, but thorn In one element of dlstrcsn Whloh makes thetlmcs very hart Indeed, and that Is a cold winter and physical suffering. Pains and aches nrn not set down In any tariff list, and there is on« reformer, St. Jacobs Oil, that dons not dolay a prompt cure of sucli evils. SUPERSTITIONS OF THE SEA. Blffn* thnt Terrify Jack Tar* Who llrlinv* In Witchcraft. A sense of unreality, weirdness, and sometimes of uucanny feeling actuates nearly every one connected with the sea, this being particularly . strong on a moonlight night, wfrcn' the water of the ocean looks more cruel If, withal, more beautiful than at any other time. Then It Is that a ring around the moon is frequently to be observed, and the sailors believe thnt this is a sure sign of bad weath- er; while Longfellow, In his \Golden Legend,\ interprets It thus: I pray thee put in yonder port, For I fear n hurricane; Last, night the moon had agoldon rln*. And to-night no moon we see. We have often noticed how quaint the flsher-folks are who live in soli- tary placcs near the ocean, and this is true to a greater or less extent of all dwellers by the sea. It is believed c*i Cape Cod and in many other dis- tricts along the New England coast that a sick man cannot die until the ebb tide begins to run. Watchers by beds of sickness anxiously note the changc of the tide, and if the patient lives until the turn, he will live un- til the ebb. The best educated and most intelligent people on the New England coast arc not entirely free from this superstition, and to them there is a vivid meaning in Dickens' description of the death of Barkis, \And It being high water, he went out with the tide.\ The belief that the ninth or tenth wave was more powerful than the oth- ers has existed since Ovid's time, who says: \The wave that is now coming o'ertops all the others; 'tis the wave that comes alter the ninth and be- fore the tenth.\ Even nowadays at the seashore you will hear people counting the waves and saying that the next one will be the biggest Fishermen on our own coast think that the swell sometimes noticed during a fog is cau-cd by it, and they call it the fog-swell, while In reality it is simply the incoming tide; but fog is associated with such terrible disasters in the minds of fishermen that it is little wonder it is believed to have power to raise ?he waters of the sea. Woman, though bringing good luck to man on land, Is proverbially the opposite on the sea, and at a certain place the waters of the oceau are re- puted to enrage themselves at the sight of a woman. Storm-raising witches are quite well known to New England. There was Polly Twitchell, who lived in Casco Bay in the seven-: teenth century. She was said to raise storms, wreck ships, and put to sea In severe gales. Goody Cole, In Whittier's \Wreck of Rlvermouth,\ prophesies disaster. The skipper says: I'm scary always to ase her shako Her wicked head. The ballad recounts that she was jeered at by the pleasure party, and in revenge predicted the loss of the boat, which occurred soon after.? Boston Transcript ' >> j V) The Mont Pleasant War Of preventing the grippe, colds, and fevers is to use the liquid laxativelH- edy, Syrup of Figs, whttnever the system needs a gentio, yet effective cleansing. To be benefited one must get the true remedy manufactured by the California Fig Syrup Co. only. For sale by all druggists in 00c.' and |1 bottles. ' \ ili M Ortciicta £. Alien Si.em, Mich. \ Liver and Kidney \ trouble caused me to suffer all but death. Eight weeks I lived on brandy and beef tea. The doctor said he had not a ray of hope for my recovery. 1 rallied and. commenced talcing Hood's Sarsaparilla and from the first felt better. I continued and am now able to assist my mother In Iter house- work. 1 owe my life to llood'a Sarsaparilla.\ OtiTKNciAjS. AiiMK, HOOD'S CUBES. Haod'a Pills cure naus> a, sick headache, ludl- g?tloii, blltuunae.-\. Bold by all druggists. A Weak Digestion strange as it may seem, is caused from a lack of that which is never exactly digested?fat. The greatest fact in connection with Scott's Emulsion appears at this point ?it is partly digested fat ?and the most weakened digestion is quickly strengthened by it. The only possible help in Consumption is the arrest of waste and re- newal of new, healthy tissue. Scott's Emulsion has done wonders in Con- sumption just this way. Pwp»rtd by Boott k Bowne, N. Y. AlldrnggUtiu_ any one double vre can euro thp I BLOOD POISOMI I A SPECIALTY. I lodldopotMwiuni, ?araapurilla or tuaraiitee * cuio?and our thing that «ur# ?vatod. Irtw.

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