J i l w i k l e * V O L . V I . M O U N T ^ T E R N O N , N . Y . , O C T O B E R 9 , 1874 . N O . 264 . THE CHRONICLE. S. WOO®, Editoi- & Proiprletor. PUBLISHED EVERY ERIBAY. TERMS: $2 por Aimiiaa; Slnslo Copies, 5 OenSw. OFFICIAL LIEEOTOEY. B T . VSEIfOH BOARD OF VILLAGE TRUSTEES. JPresUieni—Azvo Fowler, FourieentE Avenue, near Second Street. SVusjees—Chsis. B. Rajmona, Ninth Avenue, neuy second S treet; George E, Crawford, Stevens Ave- A. Baylis, Fifteenth Avenue, ntar White Plains Road; Jacob Jaeger, EastMt. A enion ; Wm. P. Esterbrook, Second Avf ., bet. Second and Third Sts. ; Bcekman Van Gaasbeck, Fifth Avenue, bet. Fifth and Sixth Sts. John Berry, Fourth avenue, near First avenue, Corner Boston f o td; Fourth Ave., near Third iiect. rleoeiver -—Johsi C. Rankin, Tenth Avenue, between First and Second Street*-.. street Oinirmssioner —R. Uude'-hin, Fir.st avenue, oet. Second and Third streei PoUcti J>isLice .—Samuel T. .iw.-miug.-. Sixth avenue, bat. Fourth and Fifth stree Sterulva~ea, Sixth avenue _ . . ____________ ighi. F .o enue.nearthc Repot, MOUNT VERNON BOARD OF EDUCATION. Preaiefen* - J. H. Zabnskie, Fiwt Avenue, between Fourth and Fifth Street -. Becreiar>j~aen]. W, Tilton, Fifth avenue, corner ot Fourth street. 7 Barr, Seventh avenut i streets; Jos. s Gregorv, Third avenue andnd SL*cUiixth streetstreets • Matt’iewatfiew Morrison*orriso bet. PiP.b a S s • M M Lite, WasbingtonviUo; Benj. W. Tilton, Fourth st., corner OJ Piftli a v eaue; William Howe, Second ave., bet. Second and Third streets. vr—John Berry, Uniou Hall. CtVr.’c--v/iUiam P. Sleiuht. Fourth Avenue, ne.vrthe WEBT MOUNT VERNON BOARD OF VILLAGE TBUSTEES. P5*c.sido5d—Jos. Belleshelm. John Hjutg, Jacob Hartman, Geo. Weltz, rringtiOn, H. B'lhrr Ifiaac Farriu! Zrt-asuv/ ____ , . .mZUL.^. Sireri Omihitfis-ioner —Michf-Sl Nolan. Oerk^Jah-a Zimg W S S I MOUNT VEEIION BOARD OF EDUCATION 'ir»?t-’es--Jobn Ziilig, tt. E Berrine, Henry C. Apti, .luaspb Bellesheim, J. Van Saulvoord. EASTCHESTES BOARD OF SBUGATIOH. Nathan Johuirvon, David Cromwell, John G. Fay, John Shearwoud, Andrew George and James G Min.'.rd. BSONSVILLS BOABB OF EDUCATION S. M. Ma'itertou, president; Francis H. Bacon, ^ C ^ t a r j ; F. J. B. Oppendick, Silas D. Giilord, W.*a. •WATBRLEI AND ^BASTOrOL BOARD OF EDUGATION. Juince S. Toung, J. Fitzsimmons, A. S. Bates Tiios. Looi'Xft aiHi'Thos, 0 ’lieil!y. S E S E T I l f G S . AtOUNT VERNON. Jhard of L’-hication—meets tlr -.t Friday of every raonth, at » n .v., in the school home on Fourth Ave. Board of Vdi-iqe Trushfs—ruootb i.i ii«: room on First ttre *t, near Fdth aveau*-, on the First and Third Tue.uuy.-' o f evervmontti, at7^ o'eJ.r k- itar the Depot, on the Fecond anu Fourth S\ eriuf ^yevoaivigs o f every month, ut 8 o’e'oek. day evcaivigs Ai.iarf'e lernple 'A Honor^ Ko. 1“.— weet^ in O.JJ Fellu'.v^’ Hall, Fourth Avenue, every Tuesday evtu- ing, at S o’clock. Firsecf-mnce Lodge, No.hoO, L <J.of (4. 7.—meotJ In Odd Fellows Hall, Fourth Avenue, every Friday evemiDA at H o'clock. Orion Co'incd o f 'Buqi'an,, ATo, It, meets in Odd Fellows Hall, IVmrth avenue, st’-aud Wednesday evening of each month, at eight o’clnek. Sami MaWieip T. J . B. A.’Cieu/—meetc! at the Temperance Hall, ntar Aie n«pot, on the lirst Vfelnesdav evening o f every liionth, a» So’clock; ami every 8auday afternoon, from J to J omock. oitizrn^' •\s^cciuiion~Ti vtA'7 at in rooms, in Eerberieh’n H-rJl, B'ourth Avenue, near the depot a the c.tli o f the President. Washhvjloi^ B'ljinp. Gr*., A’o. 1—ihctiT.’? on the first Monday of each month, at the engiae liOUiermFiftn Avenue, at k o’clock, (yj:j-ju B. and L. fb.-.Meeto at the Trtiek Hoa=!0, on the Third Friday of each month, at.Sv.M. WEST MOUN t ' v ERNON, Board o f rjnzst*-.*.—meets the first Tuesday in th month, at s o'clock, Board of Bduoatton—vm'nA^: the flisl Monday even ing of every moMb, a t 8 o'clock, at ^he -ichool Germania Lodj> Xo. 8, O. S. V. 31. orf.:Ty Tuesday evening ,it 8 o’clock, in Diecbm.wJ;i Hall, Mount Vrnv'u ifitortetio Chi'/—meets every Wt dues ' ' an^d Sunday evening, at Soheurman’e. Hall, at af 8 o'clocl Jfount Verunn 3Ia:/i?tCi->'7tor—incets every Fridtiy id Sunday evening, at .Dieckmann’s Ha'.i, ai 7 kb Hilhsc Bund m eets every Saaflay, at Ostei'j Hall, from 2 to 5 o’clock. 6. A. Hoerst, Agent. 7,farlle Zodqe .4. 3L o f Tuclcaho^ meet', at their Nev; Hall, near the Depot, the 1st, Od. ^»dh£h Monday evenings of every month. OHirEO.H^EVIGlS. m m t VERNOH. ^ METUonisv—Mr. Dickinson, Pur tor—lOj A.M.and7A p.n. y.vbhath School at 9 a . lu B apttsx —Mr. E. F. H iseox—lo t ana 7 p. ?t BAPTTSX—Mr. E. F. Hiseoj SubkatU School a t 2 J e. U. CHrr.cn. Mi itnjouM”' Pa!=?iOji -11 / CHrr.cn. Mr. IJunciiis H. Hnttori A H., and i r . A . Sablnah School a 5 T SI m S L E e S f 1 ’ mchlng In the e,v<ning. ’ School at 10 A.it. METHonisr Preaching In tke eve WEST MOUNT V e BNOH. HnxnEnAK (German.) —Mr. Berokemeyer, Factor a . m . Sabbath cchool a t 0 a , h . T U o iS o E . S t . Jomrs E piscobai .—Mr. A. M. Ivcfi, FcEtor—lOJ A.H. Sabbath (school at 0 40 a .nc, MiiTHOMST-^Ir, J. W. Ackerly,Pastor,—W SO a .M. had.7,30 F.H, Sabbath pchool at 0^ a . m . EZiST lSsT E B , EriiiCOAAJ,.—Rev. W. S. Coffey, Rector.—10| ami S P.M. Sunday nelioal at 9 a m Servlcskf aim on 'Wednenday a te %*. j i , ; Thuraday, 7 M r. H .: and Frf’la:<% at 9 liO a . m . ilVt'sutmitx. ^JnEtw. O. Worth, Pa:-.tor. wivEELY. C atholic — Mr. MacBvoy, Fa -:tor. 10 a . jl F B L H lS m L E . CrmncTi oy thb RnpEi-fricn.-—Sc Saftbith School at ym. IPB.'fMcn.—•Servico a t 3Ca p,.m From the Westchester Mews. THE EEAL EST.ATE MARKET. OlSclal record o f transfere. From Aiiga-st 31 to September 12k E amchesxer . Union. Street, Wed Mount Vomou, nfirth-wcr.fc .•side. 100 feet fniih-wost of Bridge str. it, ZQx SCO; August Lentz, to Anthony Deetjen, of Ensichcster * Nonh-east comer of First avonce and Second street. Mount Vernon, 39.5x157.5; TUcodefia JVatlace, to Ch.aric.', Kebscy, of Mt. Vernon.... 3,110 H. Morton, t > D.aniel C. Hickey, of Easteheotcr SCO \ J o S ' & ' V K S s ? , ‘ Ohnstead, to Gerd Mtirtero, of Mt. Vornoit,... gSrS ttil TiSb-i’r north of.scci'nii street, 10-0x105; Fre<iei j< k ' k Bi«* hoiman, to Lucia M. Halo, et al, of Mount Ninth Avenue, i t .uni Vernon, west side,' ffUfeet north ot SJeventh street, lOi-xlOS; Francis W. Moleter, to Ilenrj H--ilmeier, of Eastchestor.. 175 Filth aveni'e, Jlount \ f rnon, west side, feet ionrth avenue. Mount V'emoii. M'l St gMi*. 37.> ifot north o' Sec ■/ ’.-t .street, i.xiOS; JVm. H. van Arsdak, to Ferdinand Holm, of East- yne..ter OjOSi Ninth avenue, Oeutral Mount Veriion, wcAsMe, S’ &.T 5 £ 1 o r h ........ . .................... . ......... . ................... . .j ,509 Xmth aven.-e. Mount Vernon, rvest M<Ie, ‘ii'J ihet north of .Oir,-**; street, 11)0x105; Hr. M. P.i j/neU, to Juhu J . Di .%vd....................................... . BLi<rota>. Nino acres south side of the road irom Hovt’s J»ril] to Cross Rncr, a-ijoining ianci o.t EJit.ih kop.rh.via X. Main <^treet, P. • kskill, south xidc, 79 feet v.-e a of Fifty v'ercs nr the Fivo-miie Turnpike, and\ I'oi*- 13,000 One acre on the road from the Yorktown Meet- Savage, of Y orktowa................................ i,o.*A» GitEKseeruii, S S ? . Ev.ans, to Samnel Campbell, of New Y-rk..., 16,OW Mum Strwt, Dobbs l-erry. north sMe, Vj Art east ot Broa-lw.vy, .50xiC'i; John Ntw i-un. to Maurice Cnr.-v, ot Greenl-uryh ................ 2,500 kett, to tliu Rev. John M.-ijio-key, of kev,’- Central avenue, T'lrmown, ^oith’siVt'e’,'isi ' .v'\ ^ last of Ann 'tree', JAxlb': Murciu cMib, referee, to Jami;'. **. MiiCiiell, of Tarvit-j-vu .. .1,250 MASI »r.ONEi'K. rehreih to Mar-uerite Gerardon, of Muoi;jrt*- G.-and ftree™VI’rVhi’de s ;'iji 73-103 of au acre on the south-east si 1.' ,.f Ua*.* avenue, Lar.-hr.irri t.; L ot'^e rUclan, to K-M.cV r.roiVJh of PiiDUeM, J'/iirm* Ceimt:., y. Y.... Mo... ^1’ Coiicso'a';, uuc,’■ KotVh Tam i.w Tunylown . ............................ . ............................. C '.'trat urenue, I'Jeast-ntville, v att aide, adn.in- mv lan-l of H-jury Romcr, .ueixy Lome?, ^ to Ell /.ubeth Bruudegc, of Mount .Storms flo'ibe, (;djoiniii' land of .km.c-< F.ev- i.ohpj; Frrncis t.arkin, to Peter Mriultn..‘k, . i;w R ocheij ,:.-. ]^j.rt, et al, to Chuile\ ,H. l..ji kwood, of New fcct^south'of tiic New Haven RaiU-.jad Company’s land, 59x1.50; Maw Power?, to Xhoma. L. Di-brow, of .New Barrett, tt al, to Ciiarie.s I J. Jung, i.i .Souiera Jh-lOO of an acre on the vou<? from H.iijte;vl B. Hallock’s t«i Somers Vdl ig... adjoininf- k.U'l tjf Benjamin Dayton: Meliza-mith, to Rchecc.a Baixctt, ..if Putnam County, X. 1’............................ -.TCHEKTElt. AMWAIVJ -U»«1LU MA UVf-’XilUJj S'Kita-caff corner of Sixth avenue and Fourtii street, t-monpon, lUs200; William D. Baxior, to Je.m'e L. Parsons of Bmokh a .................. 2 ,m I ' S E S i S s a i K S ^ i.phwyleV.itrcptV.;huyiV^^^^^^^^ eiU.'.',:., 'ii'ei l^OEITJie.llL SiCEJHS. A political temperance convention of tempeximeo men of thin county met at Q'emperaace Hall, in Wliito Fiains, last week. G. K. Tremper ’ivas seiectecl Chair man, E. A. Hill Secretary. After an address had been read by'the Chairman, it was moved and seconded, that the con vention proceed to nominate candidates for county officers; v/hieli was carried. The motion tvas, however, subsequently re-con- sidered, and, in its stead, a committee, composed of tjvo delegatef: from each of the Assembly districts, was appointed, whose duty it shall be to issue a call for a county coiivenfion to meet on the 14th inet. The Boinocratio Assembly Convention of this district v/ill meet at the Central Hotel, W h ite I^htins, next Tuesday. The Demooratio Assembly Convention of tho First District yvi U meet on the same day at Pelham Bridge Hotel. The con vention JvlU also elect eight delegates to the congressional com'ention. Tlto Demoemtio Assembly C<*nvention of the Third D lstm t met last week and nominated John Hoag, Esq., of Sing Bing, as their candidate, unanimon-ily, I,Ir. Hoag !.5 the present supervisor of his town, M i- ing been re-elected to that office at the la /c. town eduction by a handsomo vote. A XilTJBBART O U K IO S IX T . It is said that a lady occupied a whole year in searching for and fitting the following thirty-eight lines from English and American poets. The names of the authors of the respective lines are appen ded. The whole reads as if it had been written at one time and by one author. It is indeed a cariosity: Why all this toil for triumphs of an hour ?~Yonng. Bilc'h a short aiunmer—mOn is but a fiower;—Dr. John- Thoustii a But lik'bt The bottom ij but ehallow whence t I man’s lif e may seem a tragedySpencer, earea .speak •when mighty griefs are dumb- jDan^I. consc.—iSir [ Walter Kalctgh, Your fate is but Iho common fato of all;—Lonfi/eilou'. Unmini-led joys here to no man befall;— SoutfnoeU. Natuvo to each allots his proper sphere,—Confrere. Fortune makes fi'tlly her peculiar care Churchill. Cnstora doe.s often reason overrule,—JiVcftcslcr. An.J throw a crih-l huudiine on a 7oo\.—Armstrong. Li . 0 wt U—how 1. mg lir short permit to heaven.—JDBKon. They who feirgivo niw3d shall be most forgiven.—Daffey. Sill may be clasped so cloae tve cannot .see its face,— [JFrencTt. Vilel intercourse where virtue has not pluoe.— Thenkeep o.achpcAsion down, htnvevcr dear,— Thou pendulum betwixt a smile and tearJSx/ron. Her Benenal snares let laitble?B pleasure la- M itli craft and skill to mitt and betray.-^Cr Soar not too high to fall, but stoop to rise V/e......... masters„— grov; ef all that we despig i.—C Oh I then renounce that impious self-csteei .......... ..f all that we despig i.—Urotelw. Oh I then renounce that impious self-esteem ‘~Bcattie. , Riches have wings, and grandeur is a dream.—Uowijer. Think not ambition, •wise becauBe >tl.s brave,—5tV Walter IDavenuni. The paths of glory lead but to tho grave.—Gm,v. What is ambition ? • Tis a glori'/us cheat,— Willis. Only dostrucUve to the brave and great.- Addison. What’a all the gaudy glitter o f c r o w n 7—Bn/den. Tuc n-ay to W m lies not on beds ef dov/n.—FritKcii [Quarles. How long -wo live not year s but actic ns tell;— irofWns. That man lives twice who lives the first life well.— [Herri-h. Make, then, while yet ye may. your God jour friend,— [ Wm. Masem. rehend.—Ifilh Whom Christians worship, yet not compre The tru’it that’s given guaro, and to yoursi “I S : For live we h«w wo may, yet die wo must.—<Shabi- l^eare. JSUTrCATXON IN T IZ .I,A G E S . Our rural readers are well aware that there are, in every village and small to'wn in this State, a considerable number o f chil dren who are groing uj> somewhat pke our street children in this City. They differ from our -waifs in this, that they \have a known home, and parents or relatives who still profess to control them. But their time is spent quite as idly, or even criminal ly,-they are as utterly destitute of education and habits of order and industry, and they are quite as much inclined to petty crimes as our own little vagiant.?; indeed, it has S'jmetimes seemed to us that they were bol der and ruder than the vagabond children, of the City. Their offenses are not quite the same, but they are epualiy annoying to property-holders. They rob orchards and hen-roosts, instead of pockets and stands. They gird tree j in place of breaking 17111 * doTVS; pisture the inevitable goat? on gen tlemen’s fiower-g.jrdens, or fire their hay- i^taclvj for bonfires, or milk thdr coy / s , in stead of practicing more formidable mr<- chief But they are growing up to make the ruffi.ans and abandoned women so well known in our river towns and inland vil lages. They are ignorant, lazy, dirty, and untrained, and are to Le quite as “ danger- •ous” a class as our City youth. Tim parents are often honest but very liestitute people, vrho have lost control o f their offspring, and erm ne-!. er induce them to go to school, or to learn any good habits. The law’ does not touch them unless they commit some unusu ally glaring offense, and they come up to maturity as a kind of pariah or outcast race of children in the respectable village com munity. \When they have become old enough they are soon* felt in crimes against person or property through their whole neighborhood. The village communities, bo long cursed by this class, have at length an opportunity offered them of reforming the evil. The School Trustees of each school district can, after the first of January next, make “ such rules and regulations in regard to all chil dren between the ages of eight and four teen,” 'who are wandering about the streets or lanes during school hours, or are “ grov/- ’ 3g up in ignoranoe,” as they may deem best. Tliey are permitted to call on the consta ble to enforxj i their rules, and they can fine the parents and imprison or detain the chil dren if they ,ire not obeyed. There are cer tain strictly defined conditions in the axecu- tion of this iaw^, which it is not necessary here to detail, but the gist of the ne%v act ij.that the School Trustees throughout the State can enforce education and break up vagrancy, or truancy, in their respective vil lages, and introduce such a reform here as has never deen knojvn in education. The duty of edftcating our loTvest class is put everywhere on the schoorauthorities. But to force these officials to discharge this im portant duty, all the fxionds of popular education v. ill be obliged to strain every nerve. AVe greatly lear that the School Trustees and Boards of Public lustniction tiiroughout the interior o f the State are not sufficiently aware o f the stringent character of tho new lajv. And we still iurther fear that our village residents do hot properly appreciate their hounden duty to apply this law to the young vagrant' class forming in their neighborhood. There ought to be no hesitation in the mattor. Every cow-boy .and young peddler and little beggar and chioken-tFiet and factory child in each vil lage M’lio is o f school age should be informed that he xnust attend either a night-school or a halt-time day-Rohooi Or a -whole-time school ibr a certain period. The parents must de compelled to school their children or to pay tho fine. Universal education should DO tho rule throughout the State. As a preparation for the efficient execution of t ie law, wo should hope that the State .Superintendent of public,Instruction would cause copies of it to bo sent to every School Trustee or member o f boards of education throughout the State. Then the clergy, Catholic and Frotestant, should fti’ouee their floeko a*j to their novj duties. In the elections for School Trustees, care tdiould be taken to select only men who will be in earnest to execute the law. The Tru3t«cs thomselvesmust bc.willing, in maDy aims, to propos'i a Kinall additions taxt'j tho Boards o f Supon isors to pay the expt nsy of tho night Fvhools, which will bo necessary. This for each village, during the twenty-eight week required, need not de more than $160 or 200—a sum whose equivalent will be soon returned to the dis trict in the increased safety of property and the greater public security. We trust, after the 1st of January, 1875, to hear that, throughout this great State, there is not a child in any village or town Yvho boes not receive, for a portion of each year, a good common-school education. And with education will vanish much of vagrancy and juvenile crime. T H E O B J E C T O E A B V E B T IiS IN G . Tne New York Neiospaper Reporter has a thoughtful article on the object of adver tising. The argument is from the very sound stand point that the merchant whose transactions are largest, will under the gen eral circumstances governing the trade, make the most money, and reap the largest per centage of net pi-ofit. Every man must realize the truth of this who is patient enough to take all the facts into consider ation. W e quote one of the several exam ples given : “ In the same town, in a similar store, B, an older merchant, longer estab lished and better known, sells $40,000 per annum. B gets along with about the same rent, clerk hire doubled, costing him $1,000 M’here A pays but $500. B’s entire t x- penses for the year are $8,000, while his profits are $10,000 gross, $7,000 net, or 17 1-2 per cent, on the business done, while A made but 15 per cent. net. Any bus iness man of experience will pronounce the above exhibit fair. A plan which will en able A to increase his business to an amount equal to that done by B -without reducing his per centage of profit, will be v/orth $400 a year. If an expenditure of $2,000 a year in’advertising will do it, such an expend iture would be justifiable. If an expendi ture of $4,000 -will make A ’s trade double that of B ’s, then such an expenditure vrill not be imprudent; for on the $80,000 of business there will be $20,000 profit, from Yvhich deduct the expenses, increased lo $-1,500, and $4,000 paid for advertising, we will have $10,500 pi’ofil, or $3,500 more than made by B.” Emphasis is placed upon these tjvo requisites—that advertising brings the customer, and that he must be retained by being well served. The news paper is the best of all mediums through which to reach him ; goods sold according to representation the only method for re taining a patronage once bestOM-ed. no v m m m is^T jsxPBNBiTUKESe Prof. Elliot, of Waf^hington, has recently compared the follo-v.dng comparative state ment of the expenditures of the Govern ment per capita of the population, in periods of four years each. The dates taken for convenience lap two months one way and tiie other on each Administration for most c f the time, and four months one way and the other for the rest of the time. But practically, the lap over is so inconsiderable that it may be disregarded^ in estimating these expenditures an applying to the suc cessive Administrations. The table shows that except during war periods there has been a great uniformity of expenditure, rarely exceeding $2 per capita per annum Bales, Administration. Avera; capita, 1 Jan. 1,1701, to Dec 31, 179'3 ....... Latter yeaw WasMagton, 1st term... .?1.38.0 years end ed Dec, 31, 1793 ........ Washington, 2d ter It to ........ J. A'lams... .......... ; annual ture per doi- i ; 1840 ......... FI ■’K S . ii ;; S s a l f i S ■,:i.,arperl..af8i&’2l S S ., Menj'oe, l?t term.. Monroe. Odterni.. .. J. Q. Adam s...... Harriaon and Tyler.... i ■ s t ! : f t ? Tavlor and Fillmore., Fierce . ................... . Bnchanan . . . ---- .......................... .. ia» ............. ....... • ■ Deducting expensej grotvlng the Cun’ency 1.S3.0 1S73 [Same period as the foregoing (or gold.. 1.63.G W E S T C H E S T K B COENTIY T E H F E H A H U E UO N V E H T iO N . The order of Sons of Temperance in Westchester County, held their regular Quarterly Convention on the 24th ult. in Portchester at the call of the District Deputy, C. A. Morgan. The session was opened in the usual form by the G. w , C., S. L. Parsons Bro. Wm. S. Pinch, of 122, Ymi appointed to act as Secretary. The attendance was not as large as usual, there being but 30 or 40 delegates present, and only four divisions, represented as fol lows: Yonkers, 04 ^ Middle Patent, 122; N il Desparandum, 213, Portchester; and W hite Plains. 28. After hearing the re ports of the Divisions, the Committee on Hesolutions consisting of Bros. Miller, 21.3, Derby, 122, Treniper, 208, Rice, 228, and Griswold, 213, offered the following repoi-t; which, after being discussed by Bros. Sours, Tremper, Latour, Morgan, Pollock Glenorosa and others, were adopted. G L IM P S E S OF TM E W EST, It would never do to mention tiie Mammoth Cave Hotel in the same breath with the famous hotels of our land. Its structure is pi'imitive, and its present condition tends to decay. It is said that the family n’lio own the entrance to the cave expend nothing of any account in repairs upon any portion of the property. We pass beyond the hotel, and, turning to the right, take a path which winds around the side of the hill as it deicends, and at an opening before you is the entrance to this great wonder. From tlie i WHEttEAS, We are sorry that our County h not bet- !r represented in this Coavention; and, W hekk . as , We are eenclble that a house divided against iteelfcanimtetond; therefore, Fesolved, That vronse our ntm.ict endeavors to prp- mote harmony ill »U our Divlsiona; that it i3 the unty of Tcmporancomc!}! to perfarm earnest labor for tee caueo. both in and ont o f tho Division thereby maho tho pentJ i and eomrounity feel that tney aro deeply lu earmjst in this matter; , . , iS'.TOIfcriS, That inoderato drinlong Is Die prim ly couveo of drankcinie33; that wo doploro tho drinsing usagoB of eocisty j le the greatest obstacle to tho progress Of tme Christian ijiyiI5/.'.».tion, and wo corowwid to all tho pledge of totah ahstincnce irom alcoholic l^uors as » beverage, as the onl: That this convention tudorcco tho resolution of tho Grand Division ? o f iiai-tcm and Western York, that the legal prohibition of the manufacture anti sale of intoxicating beverages is the true and most ef- ficient remedy for the evils resulting trom its use. Fesolved, That we heartily endorse the call for a Pro hibition Convention to be held at White Plains on the 30th inst., at one o’clock, and would recommend the delegates present to urge upon their brethren in their several Divisions the importance of attending said Con vention ; Resoired, That we accord to our G. W. G., those essential elements,that befit him for the position which he holds, and that we tender him our thanks for the encouragement of his jiresence to-day. In the evening a large public meeting was held in the Presbyterian Church, and addressee were made by G. W. C., Sami. L. Parsons, G. C„ Chas. Latour and C. 0 W3I. S. F inch , Sec. of Con. Ample preparations were made for giv ing the visitors dinner and tea in Temper ance Hall. The tables -were, .as usual, well loaded with everything nice and good and served in a very efficient manner. Hand some baskets and bouquets of fiojvers were placed on the table, and a number of the members of 213 attended the guests. The music at the evening entertainment was excellent, and not the least feature of the affair. Some ot the selections were admir ably sung. The editor o f tue Progress made one of his progressive speeches, keep ing the audience convulsed with laughter. -Portchester Journal. ' ms great wonder, fro m the gromuj we the descent is probably about eighty-liVeftot ;l the path is quite pleasant. After you have reached a point about fifty feet below the I ca el of the hotel, you come at once into the cold atmos- fiere which in summer constantly issues from e cave. The afternoon was warm, the thermometer nging eomep’here about ninety in the shade, id, as the temperature in the cavt is always lOUt fifty-nine degrees, never varying nioxe than a degree or two 'at most, the change was as marked as though we were walking into a bath of cold water. Passing down a flight of stairs on the right side, and behind a small stream which drops upon the rocks below, we entei* the cave. The passage contiucts for a sliort dist.tnce, and liere au iron gate is pa.s.«ed. At the entrance the lamps are all lighted, each person carrying one, and, under the guidance of Matt, the oldest colored guide, an'i tY’o others, we proceed. The rock from which this vast cavern is f« >rmed is a limestone, and the entire excavations, tvondcrfiil as they are in form, variety, and extent, are due solely to the mechanicul aud eliemie..} action of water. The chemical action is due to tire carbonic acid contained in the water, which, disKolvinn or mechanical action o formed these ;-'tup-endous scenes ' iroiigh which our walk, gazt But ive hud just passed the iron gate, and o. one of our party receiving a number (so that (ily discover when one should hi we are to] might easily < Strayed avv ay), seven of us;'wi at evt r entered me cave A very short distance’ bt hen on old thatt should have. i there are Ldxty- is;'with one exception, the largest paity i-ntered the cave at a single time. rery s h o r t ----- -------- ■■ . --- find e.xcavutiou Qg1 hereon a h cave was n ■e scale. [e a recept the Confedera .altpetre wun manufactured (Dui-iug the rec.ent war, the sptacle for thehe sufipliesupi of a Grt.en, t s portion of the Confederate army, Bowding Gre one of the leading post? in Kentucky, being but a short distance from here.) As we pass on, we enter the Rotunda, the ceiling here being about the floor, and the diameter int is nearly two hundred said to be \just underneath dining room of the hotel. There is great wtainty about the locality of some of the points of the cave, as compared -with the outside world, as it never has been carefully emveyci.l, and the owner will not permit siuveying instru- rnenta to be taken in. Beyond this is Audubon’s avenue, named after the famous naturalist, and at the farther end of this wc pass tvu/ buildings of stone, which our guide calls “ the invalid’s cottages.” Some thirty ycarii ago an invalid came to this locality to stay for a while, aud pasised much of his time in the cave. Hi.i health improv ing, he naturaliy uttributed it to the influence of the even temperature of the cave. This apparent apparcni % numbej iomethu'teen The result of was, however, disrstroui-’, and the long ago (ILsappi’.a’ed. One of the igs winch remain was used as a dining the experimi frame houses long ago clLsappi stone buildings winch remain Our party, led by tants, press on, and our the Methodist Church, a laij Our party, led by the gnide and his assis- 3, press on, and o attention is called to the Methodist Church, a large opening in the rocks some eighty feet in diameter, and forty or fiftj\ feet high. From a ledge of rock about eighteen or twenty feci^ibovc tiiu floor, preacli- ing services used to bo l a id for the benefit of the saltpetre workers in 1813. Three yean ago some of our members, on tin Ir return from the meeting in St, Louis, visited the Mammoth Cave, and, it being Sunday, they had a part of the Episcopal .service read in this portion of the cave. It Was a memorable seem-. Besides the oil lamps, w ith which our party are all fura- ishea, the guides occasionally throw on some overhanging rock a package containing mate rial for colored fires, and two of our p arty (our jovial member from Boston, who is “ suspeet- a good judge of lager) are abundantly pro with magnesium lights and colored firt rovided with magnesium lights and colored hres, so that we enjoy peculiar facilities for observation. On our right the guide tells iia to observe the “ Giant’s Coffin,’’ an immense rock about forty feet in length, twenty feet wide, and ten feet high. It was at some far remote period detached from overhead, and lies here now, a wonder and a curiosity. It has some slight resemblance to a coflin, and from this obtains its name. Just lieyond, on tlie ceiling over head, a formation of effioresence of dark lime stone on a surface of white, has a wondeiful resemblance to the ant-eater, and is so called. There are o ther formations of similar substan- cci? of curious appearance, and have each a name indicating their resemblance to certain fancied realities. N ot far from this is perhaps the most bril liant and attractive feature of the cave—the star chamber. The w idth of the passage is feet, nearly' as high, hundred feet in length, 'pendicular; tlu here about seventy-five feet, nearly as high, r, , - F I.. -------- jjj length, ceiling almost as level as those of our own and about five or The side avails are almost loms. As we pass along, the guide reqiieatft 5 to take seats, said scats being a place on some long logs*, and then gathering eight or ten oil lamps in iHs hand, reijuests ull othem to be extingurffied. You do so, apd,‘ on looking overlTcnd, directly through the opening, in the rooks and beyond, youyju^ the r.ky and stars. It is a dear, starlight night, aud you vto them as plain as can be. B u t i t is not so! The illusion is perfect. The sky overhead is the rocky roof, and the stars are simply spots •where the black gypsum has scaled off, and the white points beneath i t reflect the light so that you cannot at first doubt but th a t you see real stars. The guide now disappears, and as he recedes behind the rocks, he moves his lights in such a manner as to sho-w the apparent movement of clouds in the sky, and the approach o f a storm. But another movoment of the lamps, and at the same moment ho assures you that the clouds have blown over, and starlight again is seen. He then disappears by some unseen ; ^ id into the v( of darkness. You ^ v a it calmly h In the distance the crowing heard, then the barking of dogs, the lowing of cattle—all betokening the rising of the sun. A moment, and a .streak of light indicates the more not his lami moment, early dawn. It grows brighter, and in a moment \I sol” appears, but old Matt and 1 , ax>parentl.v, he feels quite as we compliment him on his excellent in tion. W e remain a few moments gazing on that wonderful retemblance to the vaulted more than a few of the wonderful things that are be seen, nor can any one reproduce, by the aid of pen alone, any adequate idea of the wonder, beauty, gran- duer, or vastness of the scenes through which we pass. I feel as though i t were a hopeless task. But w^e pass on, and enter a passage ■which is three quarters of a mile in length, about fifty feet to the ceiling, which is quite flat, and the w idth some one hundred or so. Our Boston .friend illuminates some of the magnesium lights, aud the sublimily of the scene is more apparent. We pass into another rotuuda, some four hundred feet in diameter, with a flat ceiling, but the floor of which is so irregular that it varies from ten to fifty feet in space betaveen floor a ud roof. A moment more, and we approach an opening find a natural breai 't oo lookook throughhrough before us,, and,nd, byy thehe aidid of a bright illumina- 1 breastwork, so appear t l t a window a a b t a c tion, Ave see an openmg beyond, nearly circular in shape, -with apparently carved columns of elegant design. Peering over cautiously, you look down, and below you, at the depth of about one hundred and twenty feet, is the floor, while tho dome overhead is fully eighty feet above you. The sight is awfully sublime. No words can do justice to the scene. Mammoth Dome, another similar wonder, is still larger, for it is some two hundred and fifty feet in height, and probably over one hundred aud twenty feet in diameter, the sides of it having, in one place, some columns so wonder fully perfect that they are called the Corinthian columns. But I fail to recall the order in which these scenes \were viewed, and can only recall them in general. Another point of interest shown us on the short route was called side saddle pit, fram its iblance in shape to a lady’s pit is about one h-undred feet deep, and tw e n ty'w ide; and, passing over a bridge, we see another dome, smaller than the ones pre-viousij- described. Ha'ving viewed these and some other wonders, we return to the hotel, hating been gone some five hours, and travelled about eight miles; and, enjo 3 iug a wash, we sit down at ten o’clock at night to supper. After supper some rema'In on the piazza listening to th.e m u sic,' and shortly after we induce a young “ fifteenth amendment” to give us the regular “ Yirginia breakdown,” which he did to the pleasure of alb That hour on .Lt.. J ---- i.. /■ ---- approach to “ southern style’’ I saw in my trip. Om numbers thin out, and I seek the room assigned for my frail body. The room is capacious—one of the largest in tlie house—but its adornments and convcuiences are sc.anty. It is the ball room, and some fifteen are assigned to pass the night there. Five o f ns OH t m irmttrems, and all delicate youths like myself. At early m<>rning we are called, endure another poor meal, and at a little after nine o’clock our p arty start for the cave to take the “ long route.” There aro fifty-seven of us in all. Among tim number are some M r friends fx'om Cinf'iiiKatti, 'New York, Boston, Philadel- pliia, Louisville—twelve in all—and bravely they w.'.‘nt through the jornmey; yet I doubt if any one of them AAmuld take' a mile walk at home We uwm a part of the route of the preceding day, until, reaching “ the Giant’s Coflin,” we turn through ri narrow’-passage, aud enter the “ Deserted Chamber;” thence to tho “ Wooden Bowl C a w iian d quitea w’alk before us is without any particular interest. At times we clamber over rough stones which seem thrown about in a very promiscuous manner, and in a few moments are on .% good gravel walk. A t other times \we piiss through places ■'.vhtre the floor is strewn with ineriisiatious ■mhidi have fallen from the roof overhead, and a short portion of our route is a miry clay. Minerva’s Dome is small as comiured to others in the cave, being but fifty feet high, and not over fifteen feet in diameter; but when illumi nated by the magnesium ligffi, has an exceed ingly handsome appearance.’ Some distance beyond this is the. Bottomless Pit, -which is nearly tw-o hundred feet deep, and about ■^vhen the gui _ . ~ , r and throws it down -into tile abyss, small dome, called “ Bhelby’s Dome,” is said to be directly overhead the Bottomless Pit. and, as the dome is some sixty feet in height, and there must be quite an Inten'ening space between the two, besides the space between the top of the dome a n d the surface of the ground above, it is safesafe too sayay thuthut the floor of the Bottomlc t s t 1 P it is over four hun dred feet bedow the level o f the ground over it. Revellers’ Hull is a wild, large room, which is frequently used as a lunch room by parties who axe visiting the cave. on. We come to a winding, sunken walk, which reminds one of a brook forming a series of windings, something like the letter S; and you walk through this' dry brook. The rocks come up from two to three feet high on either t one hundred and .«iev£aty-.tivo and in some .......... '& SPclettags. '' Fat Blan’s Misery.” extremity the celling ig very low, fmd the trill ones of tho party -were- kd’ch dcK.A, m 1 had my revenge. But f have eke:edcd tlw limit yew’* paper has assigned me, and, having readied a place where thora is raom onouch foi* a-H cur party, both tall and fat, the rcimuaing portb iu of our walk wHl be described m xi: .‘-vri:. F. W. B.