OCR Interpretation


Ithaca journal & general advertiser. (Ithaca, County of Tompkins, N.Y.) 182?-1847, December 31, 1845, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83031162/1845-12-31/ed-1/seq-3/


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u r iraA & A J :d ipN A L . ' J . H . SEtKafiG^E: HXOK. \ ^ y 'e t l i U ‘Sria> , 3 1 . a g ^ u e r i t e ! ionliis past a notice, ba i been kept a t the head ?ahd\ ' first a r ti c le o f th e trea ty of: G h e n t , w h ich tbfm i- , n a ted h . th a t ‘-all te r r ito r iU , places, and posses- sions w h a tever lalicii b y eith e r p a rly from th e o th e r d u r in g th e n-ar, o r w h ioli m a y h- taken a fte r liie s ign ing o f the trea ty , e x d e p tm g tlie is!, en d s hereafter iw ^ u io n e d ( to t h e B-iy o f F u n d y ) s h a i r he re s t o r e d 'w ith o u f ljd e la y .” U n d e r th is • p-(ivMsioa, A s t o m wa§ f o rm a lly restored,; on the , fi J i oftOotolKir, 1818, to .ai^ aWent— w h ich p laced our possession w h e re it vvatf before it passed into subjieqts. S u c h a re th e I oiirtL-tauris t < p r io r ity c f rCT'S' S?™ , asarfe this twhee has been v/c i- s t cou-tL-tauris 1-. p r io r ity c irselves d .sc u r e r y andd prio r .or ry yy off e^-ploralionyplo and snn i, p t o e rat ,l j 11i (.»I • a I Oi. * t u u i, * 'm i t o f th e R o c k y moa-ni =a=c=i - S o u t h betw e e n t h a t r r o f F r a n c e ‘^ 'T ^ t h e s e w e have a d d e d 'th e c laim s o f F r a r I th e po£ tfled in 1819, JxteTiding t o th e pum- a ips, a n d stre tc h in g id th o s e m o u n ta in s to issessio.as o f S p a i n , tl|e lin e betw eei a f te r w a r d d r thrinin- ariijsoftjhe t'v p governm e n ts , f e lativ e to open in g ^ m o o n ta in s , b v resto r in g to n s th e im p o r ta n t lin k thonegociation for s e ttlin g th e b o u n d a ry. T h e n j o f c o n tin u ity W e ,s tw a rd to fbe Pacific, wh,ich had foHow'seredIronderencee betw een th e A m e r ic a n . b T l u S r e r t h o t m l ^ b S ^ s w .li Secretary o f S t a te am U h e B ijillsb pienipoU m U a . j c d n lin u ity f u rnisl.qs a j e s t f o u n d a tion for ry, in which propositions f o r a se ttle m e n t w e r e | a claim o f le r r iio r y , in com n txiou w ith those o f made and rejected by th e r f i p c c tiv e pa r ti e s . . I n id'»c the course o f w h ich c q n f e r ^ o e s statements, o f | ^ ■ 'h e iivccnpteet. o ' c e llfe n itu r e o f th e c la jnih am o e s statements p r e te n s io n s o f th e te r r iio r y , in co m n txiu u w ith tho se ind o c c u p a tio n , w m i!.t-4eem nb<lue-‘ tio n a b ie. . I t is ad m itted by all tliat ne ith e r c. is lim ited by th e precise sp o t discovered o lied. In the case o f a 'land j n j d is c o v e r y I tio n a b ie p t i s t e p w A l p w a . f m e i O f their slatem enft,. w e give below a b s tr a c ts ------------- •• ------- Ip th e c a se o f a n is it h a s pften respective governm e n ts w e re m a d e , w h ich_£ 0 £n. j u '-uahy inain‘ta:n< li in the p iac c li c c to ex ten d il:<- il to e x ten d ihetn it— 1 p ia m p a n c y to U h o f a jr i v e r , it he e n tire reglo o f a disci e w [lole.— s i f they should read th e e n t i r e e o r r e s p o n d c n c e . \ and region W h e n th is m to .the ------ which wilt give our read e r s a n opp o r lu r iity to [by it— m o re especially iu'caxcs o f a disc o v e ry and g-h w h ich dt a int d in g p a riies, in th a t respeetj bein g to p r e v e n t d is. [ e ider it, afte r i t s h a ll bo a ttem p ted to be show n p u tfs and ditToreupes a n d tU l\ r ii iie - s a-nong th a t >u h, in rea l.ly , w a s ih e tlfc c t. ihem srlV fi?. , ■ U n d e r d a te o f l i i t h J a n i l a r v m S . M r . i a c k e n . er m goU a tnin w a s enm m . good, in te r i r n u a tid In ren e w in g , on ibi- filli ■•t 18d7, tip- ihiixl a i t i d , ot the coM .cult-i, ul I 5 i » , , U n ite d 'S tates '5 \ - M ,. j la r y o f S t a t e resum e d th e n e g o t i a f t i ^ prior to Us CSpira.uoJji'i d f tin it e e.vu n s i# n o f a ll liio provi artu-lf o f i:,a t COD’. .T tieij; an d also p a rty n r .',:.' ' r-rvinaie it a t an y lih ie they h ” t, i til, by g iv in g one y e a r ’s nolico , a tier T !|m c ,uidut i.co Ihr Iro m i h i o g r c d t 'v ■ i. t n g ih e n e d ih e m , since tliat perio since c e then e n , the treaty o f F l o r i d a tran s ferned . i Cl.‘4,uriotii. . —b.i.' h trai- the controversy, and on the 21st January A ' 4 gn-'’(, 181o, M r. C a lh o u n declines to do.so, on the p a r t , ’ o f.the U n ite d 'S tates. ''’,v!won.sof Uie tniro 1 9 'h Ju l y ’45, M r. B a c h a id a i for, s in th , th e trea ty o f F l o r i d a tra n s f e r i to US a ll th e rig h ts, claim s , and p r e tension s o f i m p a i r i u g o u r d a i m s , a m , sinc e tlia t p e rio d , bus been stated . to u s a ll th e r ig h ts , S p a in , to the w h o le territo r y , a In con s e q u e n c e o f t'lis, our c laim s to iho p o rtion d r a in e d by th e C o lum b ia liv e r — h a v e been m u c h stre n g ib e u e d . by g iv in g us the iiicontesi claim to the discovery o f th e m o u th ot the i by Ilc c e i a , above stated. . O u r vvrll.fouindrd •oundfciou d a i m , gr n d e d c I ■” >\» « » * Tiea-i ry — itj? g r e a t the Mi-ssicsipj \'-cility :ssibi. M r . P a c k e n h a m r e q i u s t c d t b e A m e rican Sec- reia r y to m a k e a pro p o s u ion o u t h e p a r t o f t h e U S t a t e s f o r a com p rom ise, and also to sta t e W'hat claim s the U . S . h a d to oth e r p o r tion s o f th e O r ­ egon te r r ito r y . ' M r . B. th e n proceeds to preseflt th e cjainiB o f Ihe U . S . to the te m t o f y N o rth o f th e O p ium b ia adid u d then proposes te r m s o f se ttle m e n t.' m o f iy o f the n propose s te r m s o f s e ttle m e n t.' ry o t th e m o u th o t th e r iver title o f the U . S l a te s to th a t pc tla ie d O u r vvell.fo u the O rego n T e r r U o r y ly ing h a w e e n t h e t a con tinu ity, has g r e a tly | C o lu m b ia an d th e R u s s ian line. 5.4 ^ 4, Dy th e Fap. i »r i » . r . , ru • b > . i ‘ iiicrea.se, especially in the valley o f j ty* II ass tliclic gro r o a tlyly m c ri-aset pj>i —as Well a t g a t m facility of passing to ihe territory by more ac. cessihl.i ruote.s, and the fat' .slnjiig'T and rapidly o f p o p u lalio 'i lh a t h a s recim lly com - roote.s, an d th e ta r .sirmig.T an d rapid ly C o lu m b ia and th e R u s s ian line, iti 54 d tg . 40’ rig tide of p .v u .a l i o i l.ia t a a s rece n tly co m - N o rih latiluU e , is r e c o rded in F l o r i d a - lte a iy ___ niene. o^ilovr.ng i n i o i t ^ , U n d e r th is trea ty , d a ted on the 22nd Fejbruafy, Mr.. P a c k e iih a m r. pl:e» 'o M r C a lb o u n , t h a t irf-p , S p ^ in c e d e d to the. U n ilea S tates, a ll hep the c la im s of ilu L . S . to ill. p o ilm n ot teniito. »ng|,iK , efaim s and pretensions” to a n v te r n t o r v ty drained by th e C o m m b ia river are divided in . j W e s t o f tiio R o c k v M o u n tain s and N o r t h o f the to those addne^o by th e U. S . in th e ir o w n prop- , 3 o „ d paraiJel o! ia lilu d e . W o contend l|hat, n t Iro.n it,e o f th is cession, fe'pam had a gap d title, doration o f tile ri v­ er rig h t, a n d those vvhicli they have derived F r a n c e and S p a in . •nier, as a g a in s t G r e a t B r ita in , th e n g r o u n d o a p iio r it y o f d.scovery am i p n o .i l y o f c.xploration and seU len ient. Tbo correspondence o c c u p ies o v e r 2 4 e q ln m s o f the largest daily a n d is n o t o n ly beyond , ■ nous as to deter m o s | p e r s o p f r o m th e a tteiU p t d isc a v e r j, a n d m a d e se ttle m e n ts on th e e r a t t r n to road it. ' c o a s ts o f N o r t h A m e r ic a .. T itey claim e d for Akifact f f S t a t m i n t A ., m a d e by M r . C a l . se ttle m e n ts, u s u a lly , Bp.c.fic lim its a lo n g j th e c o a s ts o - b a y s on w h ich they w e re io r m e ii, boan to M r . B a c k e n b a m - o f h is v iew s o f tu e a n d , g e n e r a ll y , a'reg m n o f c o rresp o n d in g w idili, e s tc n d i n g acros.s th e entirct c o n tin e n t to th e P a i ' fie o c e a n . S u c h w a s the c liara c te r o f th e limi 'a r f f t n l h e claim derived fmi m m F r a r d by F ran lilt a itU o e f d ’.1 s orig in a lly po.ss- s i i d by F r a c o te n th i s c o n tin e n t w a s fiifst di3C o v e rcd,S p im j n l t i r w a r d tra n s l l r r e d to S p a m , ihL-n u U n e r d ed th e ly h o lc , in v ir tue o f the g r o u t of i I k - i by .’'p a m to F r a n c e , and uiliiiiaU iiy e td e d by li . EngliSrid and France^ a t an early period. | l a tte r pow e r to th e TJ. S , did not exten d in claim softhe U n ited S t a te s y j t h e p o r tio n o f th e territory d rained by th e C o lo m b ia R iv e r . Tfio British-gefierajl proposes l o l i m it the; nor- yy o f tli{ehe 0 . S . by a lin e d r a i them boundar o f t ' ''.ocky ,m o u n tains a io u g th e 4 3 l h p a r - j _ j 'ee lio th e n o r th e a s te r n m o s t bram c h . , ■ ■ ' ; d o w n <b« H o w stro n g she le a n . S u c h w tied by E n g la n d in th e c h a r ters w h ich site from the R o c k y .m o u n tain s a io u g allel o' latiiu d to th e n o r th e a s te r o f the Colujiibia riv e r, and th e n c e dovvn th e m id. die of theriver to the s e a — g iv in g to G r e a t B r it, ain alU h e cou n try no r tli. a n d to th e O . S . all a ll MUlfi, o f t b a t l i n e , e.vcapK a .detached te r r ito r y fcstending o n the P a c if i b a n ^ . t h e s t r a its t s o f F u e a , frfrffi Bttltfinch’s h a rb o r to H o o d ’s c a n a l. T o whioli it. in proposed, in addiU o u^ to m a k e irce to the i l . S - i u y p o r t w h ich th e t l . iuent m ight desire, ei! .detache d th e s tr a i whieli i t in F<>P' . .T i Cl ,vnj.{^ w h ic h t h e t l . S . g w i e itlier on the m a in la n d oi Vaneanvci’s I sland, s o u t h e f la titu d e 4 9 th deg, T h is proposition M r . C a lh o u n declines. Our claims to th e po r tion o f th e terrifoi Irained by the C o lom b ia r i v e r m a y be d i . a.ssjgne t g r a n t e d t o h e r f o rm e r col S t a t e s , w h e n there th e U'liK* d reasons for o n g sh e r e 'g a rded h e r c laim .to th e re- lyed by ftiese ohiarters, an d ex ti n d in g )f h e r sei e ttle m e n ts, t h e w a r b e tw e e n h e r ,ho treat 11 stra ti gioii convey w e s tw a r d o f h e r s and F r a n c e , w h ich w a s t e r m in a t e d by tl o f P a r is, 1763, fu rn islie s a strik i n g ilhi T h a t g r e a t co n test,w h i c h ended so gloriously : E n g la n d , a n d effected so g r e a t an d d iu a b ie ch a n g e on t h i s c o n tin e n t , com m e n c e d in a cr fiict betw e e n h e r claim s a n d those o f F r a restin g on her side on tin s very rig h t o f c o n i w c s tw .ird from hi ;a n , an d on the pa ;bt. b u t exU iuIiiig :erly d ir e c tiou beyond th e R o e k y m o u n tain s . T lio t . a t th e irm e 'w h e n L o u isia n a wa.s ecJed to the U . S.,, its ack n o w led g e d vvistepQ boundary Avas th e R o c k y m o u n tliii.s. S u c h ap p e a rs lo hav e been th e opinion o f P r e s id e n t J e f f rsori,un­ d e r w h o se ausp ices th e acq u isition o f L o u isian a w a s a c c o .m p lished In a le tte r w r i tte n by him in A u g u s t, 1S03, a r e to be found th e fo ll.iw in g w o r d s : “ T h e boilnd.ilne'y (o f L o u isia n a ) w h ich I deem n o t a d iu iilin g o f q u c s l.o o , are th e liigji la n d s on I W estern « t® ‘ o f th e M ‘’'’*issip'pi, in c lo s in g all waters-— tho .\l;.s,-.ouili. o f cou s e —und tcftn it^ l Ltory s a iy ! souirce imi. Gr< itiiig in p o i f i t o f t h e L a!(i>-of ilje W o o d s to tlie uta.'-cst lately settled by i'-y. e.xtendiiig w c s tw .ird fro i tn e Pacific M t tt OlfUtS to th e p a r t o f F . a iicc cessio n , S p a m iiaa a ga p d ti as ag a in u t G r e a t B r ita in , to the w h o M P r e g o n t'lrriio r y ; a n d , i f Uiis be e stablished, the question 13 d e c ided tn fav o r of-the U n if th Siale.s._ 4 _ B a t th e A m e rican title is iiqw encountjered a t e v t i y Step by d e c laratio n s th a t we bold itjsubjeci lo ail th e con d tlio n s o f th e NootJta. Bouipd]coti. veniiori betw e e n G r e a t B r.fain aniT S p a in) signed a t the E^icufial on thq tiStii of O ctober, 1790.— G r e a t B r ila m contonils th a t, under th is cbavcn- liun, th e title o f Bpaiii w as lim ited to a mqro cum m o ri r ig h t o f j o i n t occupancy w ith nefsolf, over l!ic wiiole te r r ito r y , lic u c o i t is t h a t G r e a t B ritain ha.s n e c e s s a r ily Innited h e f c laim to a m e re lyglit o f jo i n t occupancy over the w h o le - Jtj.ose we have derlVe-d from F r a n c e an d tx-pai , ,Ws rest our c laim to d isco v e r y , ps a g a i n s t her, , o u that o f O a p t. G ia y , a eiltzc-n o f th e U . - S . , whdf'in- the ship C o lum b ia, o f B a s tu n , passed its bar a n d anchored in jdie r iv e r , le r f m ite* a. hove ite m o uth, on th f f T itli, o f M a y , I7t{.2ffantl who a fterw a rd sailed up th e n v e r 12 or l o y i u K s , and left it oti tbe 2 9 lh o f th e sa m e m o n th , c a l ­ ling i t ' ' ’'CofttroMtt.’* a f te r h is snip, whiich n a m e . it atill retains. O il U iese& c ts Qur c laim t o th e discovery a n d en trance intii'tiie r iver r e s t s . T iie y a r e too vrel! . a U tslcd to be co n troverted. B u t Uu y have bi e n Oijpos’ d by the atieged discoveru-s o f Mu res Yanooover. f t is t r u e i h t t the f o rm e r expl.-in j* portion n f t h i coast thro u ) th w inch th- C o l u t t i l flow f in to th e oc'-an, in 1788, ( 5 yea.'-s beiore G a p ^ in G ray crossed th e b a r an d anub o red in) , ihcnt'er,). in o r d e r to a.sceriain w h e t h e r ttic pnnlrary, he expressly declares, in his a c c o u n t o f the v o y a g e , a s Ih r re-m lt o f hiis obs.- th*t “ roe c a n naw safety assert that tut im k rveee a s that oJ f ifie S t . Roc, as l u ft down in 1 41,c, U,H iUitt W 4«C AJ4. aivi-, UCS 4 OrllWJif in ihe Syanisk charts;'^ a n d , a s i f to p e r p e tu a t e his d isap p o in tm e n t, he called the prom o n tory ly in g tn d iaeayer ft,^ a jie U f s a p p d iiifm u f iK • a n u llfT T h le t itst-fi; Deception B i y . |;^i3 al'O. true t h a t V a n c o u v e r , in A p r.I, 1792, fxpibred th e s a m e c o a s t ; b u t i t is no iess so il.at iiefnilediefidled too discoveriscove th< n l t d o^'rt journal fu r « i s hlus ‘ Jence, a s vvell as his . such river e.xisted. S o i that, w h an fie full in w it! th e m o st com h is s tr o n g conv icti that, w han h e full in w ith C a p tjain afterward, and w a s info nm r le ss so o f whici! Ids iieluxiVw tv f- tiiat no hhf' betw e e n the dc on th is co n tin e n t , i o f F r a n c e w h ateyc have h a d t o th e reg i topiM. I t o f cau£s,e S p a in — the only oU u i s in f o r e d by him l G r a y , .sh.i.tly terwafd, an d w a s bsea o lt t h e m o n th o f a rivur, in i.u u J . ; 45 dxg. Id mUTUtes, w h o se o u tle t .w a s so stro n g prevent his e n ter n g , he-rem a u iod still incredn. least and ■,strongly e x p ressed h im s e lf to th a t eff. ect m his jo u r n a l . I t w a s sh o r tly a f te r th is iu- lerView th a t C a p ta in G na 1 , crossed its b a r , an . A f t e r he kaaouiid, w h e re he ca oiu ium m un ni ic a led d h is discover­ ies to Q,uadra, th e S p a u m h c o m m ar n d a n t a t th a t p th e river,ai visited N o p t erView t h a t C a p ta in G r y a g a m visited i noiith, crosse d its b a r , a n d s a iled u p t! been s ta te d . A f t e r h e le f t i t , he v aound, w h e re h e c u c a le to Q ,uadra , th e S p a n m h c o rn m a place, a n d gave him a c h a r t a n d dcscripltion the m o u th o f the riv e r . A f t e r b is dep;a i . ' ’ V aosouvcFarrived th e re, in S e p t e m b e r ; w hewas i n f r a ied o f tlie discov e r ies o f C a p t . Gray,, and obtained from Q u a d r a co p ies o f th e I o chart he had left w ith him . In co n s e q n u n e c o f | -Ihe infijTjnatlon thu s o b tain e d , he w a s induced then j o visit th a t p a r t o f th e coast;. I t ‘ m g this, vis'tt th a t he e n te r e d th e rivei d mad i o f p r tu r e . Froinihusa f a c ts if-’ is m a m f - s t th a t th e a l l e . id discovery o f M e a r e s a n d V i. ie o u v . r ea.ijnut. It d e g ree, sh a k e th e c laim o f C a p t. riority n ty o f in the slighte st d I G ray to prio o iclasive is th e evidience -he ain G ra y to prio rity o f disuovury. Indued, .s conclusive is th e evid lu his favor, t i n t it lias been attuin ded to c»vado o u r claim on thi- novel a n d w b o lly,unt«nable g'-ouod th a t bis dis- le, not in a n a tio n a l , b u t a p r iv a te covery wi .Nor is the evidence o f th e p r io r ity o f o u r di.s- coverj of the h e ad-branoh.es o f th e riv e r an d its cxplprattcm less c o n c lusive, B e fore th e tn aty w a s faiified by w hich w e a c q u ir e d L o u isian a , in IS03, an expedition w a s p la n n e d — a t the , head o f which were pla c e d M e r i w e th e r Lr w is a n d W d h a n i Clarke— to e.xpioru th e so u r c e s and T) t.hen to seek a n d trace to its t e r m in a t io n in t he Pacific somel. streanr, “ w h e t h e r th e C o lu m b ia, ■ the O regon, the C o lorado, o r any o f tdhieb m ig h t offer th e most d ir e c t a n d praptie:ai nicatiqn across th e e o n tin e n t , fi Cominetce.” T h e p a rty in the '^®»ehed the head w a ters o f th e reached Uie K o o skooskee, in I 3 I ~aBScended tlU t to th e p r in c ip a l w anch, follow ed th a t to its Ju n c tion bv ttn: .M ississippi and n« w a ters, on t! n d .o t'se t t i e n i i 'i i t am i wxj)lnr..iinn Th- ir r leotive c laim s , w h ich led to tb I t is, th e n , o f th q first ittipo should a s c e r t a in th e tru e c instruction an d rnean- Tfig o f th e N o o tk a Sbuiid convention. I f It should ap p e a r th a t tins treaty w a s tran s - u n i in Its vfcry n a t u r e - - i h a l it conferred on G t. B.\iiain no rig h t but t h a t o f m e r e ly trad i u g w ith iiie I n d ia n s w n ile th e cou n try should r e m a in u n . Si n il d , and m a k in g tlio necessary estab lish m e n ts for tin s .purpose— lii(it I't did in terfere w ith tlie u iln n a te sovrcigiiiy o f S p a in over th e le r r ito . ry— a n d above all ib a t it w as a n n u lled hy the w a r betw e e n S p a in and G reat B r ita in in 1796. and has nev e r biiice been renew e d by plC pa r ti e q — l eii th e B .i tish claim to any po r tion o f th is te r r ito r y w ill prove trj be destitute o f fo u n d a tio n . I l is u n n e e e s s a iy to detail the cireuin s iancp s It o f w h .eh tin s con .-entiou arose. I t is suffi. it pow e r III 17b2, cieui to-'sa.v t h a t J o h n M e arcs, a B r itish subject and o f c o m ,4.- lu .•jin e ’.subj' c t to th- p.-ovn.s ons oV | s a iiiiig u n d e r th e Portugese flag, landed a t N o o t- th e trea ty betw e e n S p a in and (>re.il B r a a iu o f j h a Sou n d , in 1778, and m a d e a ten 179 ), •w h ich e iije tu illy alu i.g ite d llie ci.iini o f 1 h.-.h.in.lit there tor ihu purpo.-^e o f biud S;>ain t>M x c lh-nve dom .ilum over m e uiioeciipied s c l ; a n d liiat iSiu ,rt r t ! o f the A m e rican c o n lia c u l. *' ' sion o f th is o.slab'li;shm T h a t all)i.i’ by the trea ly o f 1819 S p a in t o f th e M ssissipnt, G r e a t B r ita in liml th e U n ited Sti FrOiii the aeqiiiji.tM O . fi> n, o f L a m s ian a , .as received irom F r a n c e , it si t i n s elcar I 'n t U . S c a n d-'du^c iu> c l.tiui to te r r ito r y w e st I. B u t tv e n if It w ere claim o f F r a n c e , w h a l tv e r it ii jts.sarilv t.-antfi rred lo S p a in i ci-dcd to th a t po w e r in 1762, th e I m ig h t 11 -, wr w h e n Loui->;a the R o c k y m o u iita'n s . olherwi.sv-, tin iin s , w h ic h ied to th e vv;yr, firsLcla.sii- ' S;>ain t>i c.xcl'J-ave do n i.ilu m ov e r tlie u n o c c u p ie d liie O h io n v e r , tiie w a ldrs o f w h ich th e p a i o f th e A m e rica n c o n n a e u i . *' - te m p o r a r y f b d in g unial c h .u ie r s , in their v\«.sterii 'ered , b u t w liieii F r a u e n hail been ur.u'ji s lio n . 1 , ^ . ,e first to SI itle a n d explore. I f th e rt la. ■‘i^ h t, y e t by th e trea ty r e n ^ h ot these d fiurfii't e iaiin s m a y be t f s - ' of 1^99 acknow ’ledged in G r e a t B r itain . th e r e s u l t ot t h a t rtyuarkabiq c o n test, llrat j c e r tain rig h lj w ith n s p e c t to th o s e p a r ts o f tlie confcm toty w e s tw a r d m m d be pro n o u n e e d to ! vv. : , u r n eoa.H -if A rn e ,.ca n u t a lr e a d y oeeupled. E n g la rid has tiad a t , , , e , ' , , “ • •• ' 'T n a t ’tn e admii'.^ion lit the fae* lh a t t'lc m o n th o f t ie ( ’oliim b ia ■ r iver wa.s first discovereii by H e i e i a is altog.-llier i m c o n e i iab l o w ith a claim to priorMV or uiscovery from r.iiyii,ing aceoin- o lishtd by C a p l. G.-ay. B it it i.> a rguc.i t'la t tlio U . S . repr, s e n t boili t i t l e s - I h e title of H e c i ta and the title ot G ray ; and, th e refo re, tiiat, un- j I d e r one or liie other, it im iUers no t vvh.eh, en- 'm i . ( h e a n be show n to establ sh a cas\ o f p r . o r discovi r y , as agam.- l G r e a t B r ita ia . T h is m a y I far as I'.lai.es to the a c t oi’ tirst .seeing j be th e strO riger o f the tw o . lo be foreclosed ag g a in s t contesting^ le a s t tiie a d v a n t a g i to be foreclose d a p a r ti c u la r l y as again.st us, m u c h to lh a t resu lt, and on w h o r and herV .xam p Ie a n d preiension?. seltK iiient ot’ o u r c o u n tr y ,h a v e eoiiilrib pPesi It so,d e e p ly a n d indohbly. o f tile i-csull a n d w o u ld seem 1 pnncip l'e rib u ltd so w h o m th a t con test, fion?, from the li.-st lia v e e o u lcd lo i m - f|es4 It so ,d e e p ly a n d indelibly . . B u t th e trea ty o f l763,,W h icIi te rm in a ted tha t m e m o r a b le and even tf u l s tr u g g le , yielded, as ha; bifen Staled, th e eiaiitw ritiu ail the chai ritghts o f t i l t coionifS bel'ond th e Mis!- T h e se v e n th a r ti c le cslablisbea t h a t n v p e r m a n e n t hou h d a rv btdvfeten th e possessioni G re i{ B r ita ia and F r a n c e on iflis .coritiiient. T h i s im p o r ta n t sitipulaUon, vvllicii thus estab - Hsties th e iM ississippi a s the fine '-fixed trrecoca- hh f' bets v e e n th u dr. m inionb o f th e tw o countries. i l elR 'C t,extinguishes in fav o r -, r cfam i G r e a t B r ita in i on ly in g we.st o f th e Mil li guuerl le daiigi r d f ip'pi. — I as lilt! “ “ 9 first e n terin g the nioulli o f thu C o lum b a ‘ bu t if th e .Spanish claim to prior diseov m a y thereon be if d a i m w e s t ed the rig lit o f e o n iin G r e a t B r itain from tran s ferred it to F ia n a restored and vt|-ti m ly in g we.st o f th e M i m u ld n o t a ff e c t the r igh t ;r n a tio n w h icti bad a n y pie- (}ft la l r iver ; but it prevt id- u itv prcvioii-siy claim e d by ixlehdirig beyond it, and itiqp. T h e trea ty o f L>>uis- a restore d an d v ^ t e d in tbeU n iU -d S u i t s all c laim s acqul by G r e a t B n l a ii tie a t y .to the iiountrv aiiiiiiig olher.s, the o C e r tain it is tliat o f c o n tin u ity in virl siana, and the e.xt ngUisliiment o F .i.g liiid - 'b y .th e tjja l y o f 1763, to the w h o le roiintrv -vest o f he R o c k y M o u n ta in s , and ly in g W e s t o f L o u is iana, as a g a in s t S p a in , w iiicli E n g la n d had to llie coun try W e s tw a r d o f the A lb g i a n y M o u n tains, as a g a i n s t .F r a n c e — w ith tiiis differt nc\ th d t S p a m had n o th in g lo oppus© to till! c laim o f F r a n c e at li.scovurv ; and even I led ;,wbi'.e F r a n c e had E n g la n n , in her cast tioii and .sell lenient. IS 1 1 p rei founded are nece s s a rily resinc'.i latfons o f the tre a ty o f 179J, cia m to exclusive po.ssessioii. I f the a c t O' G a p t. G r a y , m p- ;actuai(y e n te r in g the river, is lo suiicd di.sL'overy o f th e e m r a n c e — vvtiicli is al. a t t n b u le d lo H - c . j a —|,ljen th e p.'-in.c.iple o! gre.'.sT-vi- o r g r a d u a l dnjeov.-r.v beiuj ' eM o liv ty iiig . in pi bv F i a n c e an d s u r r e n d i m l id t r th e provisions ot' th a t o f the M ississippi,an d , le in questio n . F r a n c e had th e sam e rig h t isessionsessi o f L o u i. ! o f lier pos UisliimPiit o f t t the tim e but th e n g h i lh a t E n g la n d had sitiec lo.sed lo the rig h t o f ■,f,\plor< denie d 111 , in he id .soil leiiif-ni. ut IS. th e n fore,- r rp r i s m g lhai, F r a n c e should qiann tin? 'e s t oT lhe R ) ■' •eat B r .t 1 had oppo.sed lo I ', th a t o f d,iSco\'er I IS, th e n fore,- --------------- e n tr y lelty .M ountains (as m a y be infer- laps.) on the sarjii! p r in c i p le th a t G r e a t B r .ta m liaii clai.n. d and dispossi s s e d her o f th e regions W e s t o f the A h a g h a i.y ; or th a t the U n ited Stat* .s, as soon as iljev l a d .-lequircd the lig h t s o f F r a n c e , should isse r t the .same claim , a n d ta k e miMsurt-s nm n d d ialely afto. e.xp!oro It, vviUi a View to occupation and T h e claim w h ich w e have acqiiired from Sp.ii betw e e n th e RoeUv m o u n tains i a n d tne I’ n-iil •lO 'i t v h f \iseov ,u purpose t lard-s, 111 1789, took posse i e n t under th e orders o f th e vrqy y f .M exico, w h o claim ed for B p a in the e.xclabive sd v r e ign ty o f the w h o le terxilory ( tbo n o r th w e s t c o a s t o f A m e rica up to the R u s,i; line. .Meares a p p i a l e d t o the B ritis h m erit for r e d ress .a g a in s t Spain , an d th e o f w a r b'tw ’con tin; t'v o nations becam e III 111 . T ills Was prevented by th e co iidu the N o o '.ka .Sound coiivcnliaii. T n a t co tiveniion provides,.by its first a n d sec- orid actiiflo.i, fo r th e restoration of th e land an d b u d d in g s o f w h ich l!ie subjeois^ o f G r e a t B r itain had belli djspo.sseased by tne S p a n ia rd s , and the p a y in e i.t o f ^uii in d e m n ity for the itijuries n taiiK ii. T i i ’io in d a m m ty w as no b u ia e .e a t eviJciice ha.s b een adduced, U h r N u o '.ka .Sound, or any oikcr spot upon th e coast,'.vas t v e r a c tu a lly surruntiereu by t h a t povv. - j e r to G r e a t B r ita in . A ll wo know w ith certain - I ly IS, Uiat S p a in conilnue.d in |)o.ssessioii o f j N o o tk a S o u n d u n til 1795, w hen she v o lu n ta r ily > • t!i st- »ild' ' plach. S in c e t h a t period, no at- b ich ioiLid a ^ he< n m a d e (unless very recen tly) by ‘‘ ‘ ‘ ' G.-i a t B r ita in , o r her subji'cia, to occupy eith e r y Ollier p a r t ot Vamconver’s i.sic for th e in ju sus. .3 p a id by b p a i n ; b u t en adduce d , tb a t c i ............ ... o lhi.«. or a n v oilie r p a r t e t Vamconver’s i.siand. ' con v e n tio n R ■ ' i , I l ' i c h , „ d , tow s *‘A r t . 3 J . In o.^der ! faonds_-of j rm g , r . 'l u c iV iy in g . in p .o p o r lm n lo 'u n - e s ^ f i u ^ iai^scov T . ’o v : 1 I riem lsh .p , and m presi erv or . .xplor.atio:,, s u p 'n o r rig i i K ih ■ ..p - : i t i .. ., a h a r m o n y a n J goo d u n d e r s t a n d in g ... . . .... iho p r e s e n t d. sctission w ill be f o u n d th e 5 ih articles, i ’an d i T iicy a r e as ful- ilrenglheii the fu tu r e a isoquci .jid e r tb ie iiii.j, vvviiij, as a n eessary'cc su p rsed^ th • c.ia.lovcry o f C a p ! . Gi n o tl.m g of t ‘i 3 a c t o f ta k i n g poasessn-m (le 'of his --.iv I 'r c g n — w h icii c e r e m o n y vv :}o r,i,.u .. ■! i a iilh i iilicaliy r< e o rih d 1). C a p l. ■oiivt f . T l i a t w h e n l.je U n ited S t a te s be­ cam e an m d c p o n iji n t n it i o n , th e y possessed no claim , riirert or in d ir e c t, to th e C o lu m b ia lerri- t.j.'V. T lio ir W estern bou n d a rv in those d.iys w a s defined by tiic trea ty o f 1763'. G r e a t B. it- al.i, on the c o n tr a r y , had a t tim e alread y di.-cct- •illicm to the norUlvve.st c o a s t o f A n ier. suffi-'ii.iitlV show n by Ibe vo v a e e and discoveries ot C a p t. C o n k , w h o , in 1778, visited o f i lj 'f io m latitu d e a n d fcxpiond a hr- a t portio 44 deg. nortlivvaid. - T h . discove.\ o f M e a r e s , in I7S.S, anil the com p lete survey o f the ooa.st adja.reril L .lands, vv'oe.'i w as eti. e led by C a p tai.i V a n c o u v e r , in 179'2, ’93, and ’9 4, vvoql l b p p e a r to give-io G ie a t B r ita in , as a:;aiiist t h ’; U n ited b ta te s , as siro n g a uiam i, on lue g r o u n d o f d .s e o . ■. ry and cxplora- i on coastvvise, as can vviil be im a g in e d . I o n .ted Illy by w h a t w a s a c m m p .isiied oy C i p t a i n G ray L the m o u th o f the C ’>lii'ii;i. i — •.vliich, as f a r as SCO,-. IV is ci.mri r in ij, torm s the .slroiig po in t on 7 Die A tiit-rican si 4p o f the q lestion. I T h a t Lcvvi.s and C lark e w ere n o t th e first w h o ‘ \ I I g .- c tid a pa-'-sagH ■ a ci OSS Hit- O regon T e r n l o r y ■ I tio i n tlu- R o c k y m o u n ta in s to the Pacific, A s a n d tn e ‘i’.ir t 'l e k as 171)3, th it f - j i In-1 b-cii aeco rn p h s li. rest on lier p n o 'i t y o f d .-ry. N u m e rous vo v - i ' ^ iae k e i .a.e , a Bi iiisl. sul jt c t. a g e s 'o f discovery'.coinm e iiciiig viih th a t oi .M J i J seu lt-in e n t is the third plea on donado in 1.527, and ejidm 'g w i . n j h a l umi, i-'Ja ! \9-\-’’ A n u rieaii e.altii piop-. i n m a i’e l.j rest. V a ldes in li9 2 , vvero uiidertak, n by In 1811, an cstabiifdiin. iit fo r t!ie pui-pi,;. s o f .4 .1, , . 1 ot'111,-Coliltn- lia n o and her a u th o r i ty , a to n g llu ; nortl ■in ' T h ; led the O rtg o ri T e rr r ito r y , ShTsl N o r t h A e n e s piored n o t ontv a i i i ■ ■■■' r T e r o r th , is a f a c t too vvetl i rrte d a t U un ' tla y . i ’i perform e d w ill aeeorditi]igiy 1,0 yi^O g . fie f p i m o u lh, b •t r tam A m u i'iean ■ iss.-il .lu r ing ih'! il ) U.d h i n d s o f B ili-'li f-u'.je.-ts ; Lilt it 0 ) -td to Ml. A -ii'-rl.-aitgovei iiirii n t in tl.e r I .s lb , by an u.. n rstandi.ng bclev.i n tii.; tw o b i i i c the-n. It ii.iH not, how e v e r, mpieii by A n i,-ricaiis. T i n s is y o f Settiennent. a r r y in g liieir resp.'cliv’c su b j.c ls shall i i ed o- iriol'.’ftted, c .tlier in n a v ig a ti n g on tlieir f is h e n e s - in liie Pacifia O ca. S o u th S e a s , or in iandm -g on th e co a s ts o f tliosc .seas in plaoin n o t air.ea.iy occupied, •'for th e pur- po-ie o f carry i n g on th'-'ir c o rnniercei'w iib lije tia- live.s o f the C o u n try, or o f m a k in g se ttle m e n ts th e re ; the vv Uoi.- s u b jeJt, ncverliiele.ss, to the re- stn c U o iis tp e c if .id m th e three follo-.vmg- arii- t-les.” T ile in a icrial one of w h ich is— “ A r t . 5. Ai. w e d in til-.- pl.ic- a w h ich are to be restored to th e B ritish subject.^, by virtue o f th e first article, as ill all other ju r i s o f th e N 'orthw e stern Coasts o f N o rtii A n u i i u a , or o f ilie islands a d jac e n t,sit­ u a te to till! N o rth o f th e p ^ r l s o f t h e said c o i s t a l - ready occiipictl b y S p a in , v.herever th e subjects o l'eitlicr oi th e tw o po'.vers sliall have inrtde set- tlerrieiils since t a e m o n th of A p r i l, 1789, or s h a ll h e reafter m a k e a n y , th e subjects o f th e oruer sh a ll hav e ft-ne acce.ss, a n d sh a ll c a r r y on th e ir trade vvitiumt a iiy 'd istu r b a n c e o r m o lestation .” I t m a y be observed an a st m u s t have an Im p o r laiit beiaring claim o f G r e a t B r ita in , tn a t w h ich w a s d ic tated by hi-rto S p a in , c o n tain s no provision im p a ir in g th e u ltim a te so v e reignly w h ich th a t pow e r had asserted for n e a r ly I h n e c e n tu r ie s over th e w h o le w e stern side o f I A m e ric a - a s far n o r lli as the 6 t s t degree ot tude, and w h ich had never been seriously qi Uoned by any European nation. W e find ourselves dven w ith a n a b rid g e m e n t s tr ik in g fa c t w h ich b e a g a in s t the^ th is conventfoij f N o rth : lau- obligcd to leave |h e co O ' ! ' : ! ” p-obabilitii w n A T T O m S o m e '^ I m a t i a c i { t l ■ 1 8 4 6 - 7 . ■ € I _ ___ L.. J , _______ __ AF/ 1 ded in ^Ticl^^gan ; -andtot.iHeTesfiitJony tp beng^d in anv Oonrt or Wr nivy porpose jit that S istr, ' ' ^ o f Culve. ’g (qp slabs.) 71 ;!,!itliJ I S ^ i t i 3 . S H A W , C O U N S E L L O R ■ ■; C h a n c e e t , a icbij ™ n ' r l l Deeds, Bond-saod Mortgages, .Articles ‘“ •'‘■ l . ' s a ’S M S ! ”'''*” ' ” *\''; w . s a X t o x , jn f o -in’his friends a n d the piibrip ge-cS ' ja llr,- thafhe4>ti8onehf-fla New and H lib io c k H; ne« ,rff,d maiittfactnred th e bes% of Agreeiaent, &C. ’Co’i Bookstore on Owego street, whejo he w P A R K & i S I O a G A S , dyfrShiitb& Rice’sistoto, would icspectfaky atmpwo^ tb thcl*-illzensoi'ribaca and the public;geiierally,ihat tliev have pertnanemly loceveilthojnselves and are prepared to execale all Operations conueejed with tlieir jirofessioO. (whether eur- gicaloy inechanica!) in ilio latest and rnoBl apjiroved Btylb'i AUo CarioosTeetb Filled . . . . manner that will eiuiroly arrest ^^ Afl opera'ions carefully performed upd warranted to stand StJ-TO DCN'l’iSTS.—donstartflv fm hand and for sale, - .ton s aial -Ucock s superior jnco?ru^ible^^tal^nd Pi- seomtnendafions.-'-Tbis mav certify that we have fre- [lai ' fo ly rocomm»nd tl.em to the confidem-e and nawonflge of the ■■ the Work of Drs, leo- mmeiid them _. ..._, ___ ....— o f Toinpi'ins li fully and cheer ' ___________ J.A.HOYSY, M. D. I t h a c a F r a n k f l i i I r o n W ^ y k s . N E F F B . I 'T Sc C S f s t o r e . O K E N N I I^ G , ( Isieol t h e f l m j n f o -in h is Iriend s a d d th e pobfip ge-ce T A J B O B T N ' i t E S T ^ ^ t B E l S H t o l f T r ' ' JyQ. -Cfi ln?tafrv^i»vo-e _ i rp U E S o b s c i - a that'lheir ofurJCjaiiflil bi npi G ilto s irifija alLoj abJo Xer4iis;. . . Fam c iilar A uention p d M jb C D T t lN G f f lili l'n «U cfBesGaruiieillB w u if a iiied to itll-p r e p e flv mjrfo. . liliaco, May 2S. -,1845. ■«? Teeth cleaned, so aa to destroy a Jeiid breath,, and restore I' F I R K t N S i ' S IncyrtuptlbleTeetli insertedin all the variety offorms. -J'- t p ®. . ’ O a M P .& W IN T Q N . ForSaie by the Boxen or Oroei', at'tj,e BooWstori'</f ' t : I ' I ' . i, ■ l T K 2 A p . i , > l E A T M A K K E T S , ' N o . 9 4 Ow 0 ^ o stTset, a n d 3 3 A u rora-s^recL I'.:.; l-iiey siHl c ontinue tlieir MAR- K E 'f S n f th o ofiovfe stands*!!wd iliose wiio fuuy call season, viz: L e e f f r e s h a n d t o n Veal, 4 -e. I . \ ” ' ■■ ofiovfe stands^e wiM-i nlwnya be-found «n J iandtu fjirnrhlsr 11 with e v e ry kind pi M E A T in Us -ned, P o r k ,A ? v tid n , Z a m h j Sa u s a g e , Mams^' & 6 i ' i. veil ,-uid ill ilie best con- H O M E O P S T . N I C H O L A S t P R E S E N T S F O R T H E H O L I D A Y S . A LL the Liul- Boys aiiit t ^ l s and ail the Lads and Mie L A . aes, expect sorneuiing nice for the Holidays. C’lo M 'eea.J.-jn. f jS44. Ithaca. Den. SO. li^45. TV7ATEa. C H E M I C A L L E C T U R E S . rp H T . citizens of Ithaca are respecUully inlormed that a X Lcctlire introductory U> a raiinteol iwetures .and L.ti.er- iments on the subject of CHEMISTRY, vviJl he given at the A t the close of the Lecture soma portion of the apjo l I - 3-n. and the nevviv discovered power o.' Eieerro-i m will be ilhistraied by the use o faa Klecta-o Magnetia. me moving uiiun a circulBr rail. Adimuaiice to iho first Lecture, grataitous. A gene­ ral attendance is invited. S - A r \ * ' '\ 7 7 N o . 6 0 O w e g o -S t k e e x , I T H A C A , 'H ^ A VR Lately received a large addition to their assort- V / I N T L f B * G 0 0 D S . Families (and Dealers vvi Ling tp \ replenish tlioit FtocksJ are requested, lo call and e.ti minafor themselves. Our assortment of Dry C code is ex-easive, er. tvle,S lor 00 Dec 5. IPJ j . J ¥ J E G r e a t B a r g fan’s v/ear. wi-u & rfiiOOij, &u:. t G € P & M S . ktNs FOR C ash ! & C O . , puHic ilmi li.eyliave jiisl j! ol New - Y o tk, will, an tx - rR 0 C E R I E 8 ,< h c , iiiiU i-.ivg t|»rriFri 'I (, Jiiijr 3 . O u r p.i uv Ca^hsjtsU'Vi. I*.ir Hirtutiily L-i ouytrjjf Cxi I^beroc'-iving V full c<i- Market. iduding ktlcr of ihe cor- rt’spondencc,—Mr. Biichaiiaii’3—over until our r w ith E n g la n d ii'iu a i uiui, 1 - (y a. uiiderta k . W( s tern coasi eovcre.l an 1 < x. “ f w liat IS i.o.v )')t Still fariln r ed to be c o n ir,). ’ w, wiiicii liit’v I yt p a s M -tio v r prese n t w ith o u t being parlicu'Jarly allm b .l to, ' h i n .i w a t e r coinm u - w ith the r-xeepiion of tliat o f f l e c - t a . H .s ih.s! I ' ‘• f u r th e purpi).-;!' o f ic o v e iy o f the m o u th o f the CoU im b ia nv< r has j su m m e r o f 1^05, { b e en alread y r ferret! to . I t vjlas m a d e on th - j ^ . C o l u m b ia ; llif-y 15th o f A u g u - t . 1775— m a n y | oars ar.i, n o r f . ‘''’i’h'.s : . j G .-eat B n l a in . -Those w h o suppose t h a t th e ex- itu d e 4 3 d e g . 34’ j th e voya y ag gi'i i's o f .M eares and Vunitiouver, am i w as { T im con v -ntiori o f 1799 r c la tfs w h o lly t o o t h - ; tensive o p e ratio n s in the L o n d o n D o c k s and the iiilaitis n o t a vvor l in n 1 .--eiice j increase o f th e B r itish N a v y in d icate a c e r tain oni,-.--suT.-m .-iu\eVm o f E n g la n d to ag a in w h e re they landed and * u s, vvuh aJl others b d o n g - n g to her. by :lu. tr,. j ,.ih • w, founded Am-.-riean elaim.-i to p iio n t y o f j s tr u g g le w ith ua,- s h o u ld rem e m b e r th a t a large h o t be. a . p o rtion o f ih e s c .- p r e p a rations w ere com m e n c e d the O regon question, arc discussed a t larg e . in the lead in g j.Jurnals o f the city, and .the opin- , ions o f t h o s j vv'ho believr there w ill o r w ill not I be a brush , are given aj; len g th . F o r ourselves I th e v o N o i th e m • p r ior lo Coi e o f priority o f S e ttie i 1 we have never en u - r ta ij^ d a serious fi-ar-'of ruji- T \ the letter o f M r. P a c k e n h a n i.M r . C a llioun ( tu r e betw een th e tw o g r e a t pow e rs, the U . S . & S . H A K I P ERKBY. inlorn, tin -O . an iv.rl I'l-mi (lieG it liiivf* «ccnrtM «^nt »'f D R Y G O O D S , * 'ijiiil'i hi ibe i„wt-si S'.i-eiii No. 60 O-v.-I'l',-!!i. hiisinrss I«ll|c N .Yi.rli ! rs WI 1 now lihv.* oil p II ulv i,.),v prices III hil.llliuiilii mil- piesi -t <!iock wc phnil .111 Jim.s, suppln-s of WEVV G O U D S , Ul,:ei n is in the c i’V of ‘Jew V.i‘» c.jn'in niq- oh II e U\d G llK \ ^ JO K N G .H A R U I S i Idn.iH, D 19, lo-'ij. 1 N A T I O N A L ' l o a n I V u N D L I F ^ A S S U . R A N C R S O C I l T Y O R L O N D O N . !6 C o r n liill.— E in p o w ired by A c t o f P i r i i a m e n l X 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 0 , o r 5 0 0 . 0 0 0 . 1-',M1-',RAL Agent for h>! UniHti yi.-,lcs,ai,ri Brn- x j r isii IS i ili Aini'rican Colonies, J. LcrtMlcit’r i; tui-, 6 Z, W all -I , Nevv Y ork, Pii -s'ci ui h r Tompknis c... J.-t-H o v '-y, uffiic, CliiUot House, Ithaca. D .W .H a le Agl. o4 Ort r?o s liecl i Dii-pctom—New-Y'ork Branch. Jacob Il.-irvey, Ksq., c.-i’p, John J. Pih.isr E.q. Jonathan Ooju.iUc, L^q. Join's Booniiaii. hsq. (,'eo. li-ircUv, Ksq. ^am'lel A Hmvland, I G irliai.i .y.vVor,.! Eiq. Kamk .M. Fox, C«-<j. The rati.-oof this Socie-y are asloiv aa lho3eof.H,e .Anior- icai! Conipai.iep, and !o-.i e-r tlian the scale adoptc-ri by fliaiiy IsOlulon Octic-id. Loans granted t.) the extent of jds the a- mountof iireraium p.iid, after the lap.-t- of a year. I’ersunb insured lu the L'nitc-d Stales on L'a-scale of “par- *;cipaliou,\ ...... ...... enjoy the important advanugc-s ol s'lari.i.i in the — .... i., tec^ ex- _____ ____________________ _______ _________ tlicir loaiuieiiartrnent-L'c.oredeciding lo insure elsewhere. Thel’ohory.ng arc .umo.ig llie aJva.it.iges hold o n by this I ia'-litutioh.ivliidi will bo fqjiid roosy.ivnrabie to U r - .- ibsu - _re.i. and .......... erespecirmiy Ihib: id Kstahdishment is now nilfull open I F u r n a c e df M a c h ine Business, edrrirdon in all tkoir vanous braoches. The .kEsoitHient o f Fh'lTLR-N S onhandts very extehaive. ecrapiisiOgth.ve ii- leOld FallCreek Furiiace and at the ateam For fnerlv carried on in tliis Village. A New F.ngmi e c s h e l b ' S ' o a t s w ,M r f „ , i , , ‘ S T O T i f S . Plater, Pioiigdi Castinga, Fash Weights, Uoller.s ibr fciliding ^ L - laLRRAN is now .recei-Viug a t liis DRIlC^ Doors, f«i. .Uso manufacuiTed and kept consinntly on hand I V / * S fO R E , iij flic new Bficlf Block, A tloors Iriioa W agonan^Pipe Boxes,>xes. Fanninganning Mill Irons,rons, &.C.c. vvoo.t F Mill I & Idea, iden improved.Livingston county. Onondepa countv, and Com P|ougira ; Edges, a large assortment ; Cultivator Teeth, to. !Articles Articles in the above Lin.; a-a ofitr-'d to puroha- at low jjrices on acconitoodaiing Terps. .\U orders for ';e.VecuteJ. in Bcrs at low drices on aci ■'‘S s f e S i i j ; ? -fif^Old liWn. Copper, Brass, Coal, Wood, Lumber, an most kinds o Produce received j t k e a . J_alyJ,_ 1845. _______ , F a l l F u r s f o r I 8 4 5 - - C ) . 1 E O R G E H E N N I N G h a s X p leasu r e o f m f o r m in g h is frif d ;l.e pu 'he g. fici-i.lly, ll;.»i he lih.s iiie.iji^ied ho., ilie city w.'th g (arge qsteusive assmtment of FU R S S which may be fonntl S E i ! ' - a li.sejirik les hijycaHbeeiipiiicliaBeOfiir C a k h ; fc w h l l.e sold low fo-i-GVah or 'appi-oyfed eredtr. jSily-t. s a - b i i t E S . , . ,1 A T T B B S I B N O r T m A m j L . j Most approved Pattem*. Awfaligtheir Assoittoent .^laj: he ; ; ; | ^ 7 ' ' i i jr.s; j do do L do. .willi elevated ov#n. .- 1 ami I Bsttern do , ' I dpseripti C A T S , ij.-ir+en arc iiiqaesied Aisii lU ts olr iliepi'e^i fa&hion. Itlinca, 'r<.w| 3. 184:,. _______ ______ ____ .aakee Battern PSrl..^ ^ ^ do * B O O T S AND S H O E S , A t G '. A R V E R ’S b o o t e^' S H O B S T O R E ailiiis C o . B a n k . and Children’s 2 D o o rs jvve.st o f T o m p i E V E R Y D e ^ ^ n , | < j n ^ . t eonstartly m ho: d. Also, an elegant article Boots with Pater t E bisitc i Bools and S i dtmnks. made to Order on the sho.ne.«l notic\ IIin hem? paid to ensure a Hvi,U 8 oiu.o an •gam article of Gentlomon’s Particular all Fashionable, yet Tne above men loued diiite supervision i f tie give sneb entire satisfaeti caU.aaain. G. AllV _ltWa_, Sepf aSlJfM A ____________ _ __________ l; -tieleo being made under their h-criber, be ran guaroiilee iht entire sa is!aetii/h to purcbascrs.aS tn induce meni to t S , ' \ t r e m a n V E X T K F Y r t U kd. 1 ^ 0 0 0 of EnRiish and Americaij PTl^NTS, hf 'nfvh L < HEAP jubt received by lUCE, .N g .90 P a y U p , a n d S a v e C o s i s . A JA. Acountsiand Notes due the E.state of CHARL.Ii'. r a W. LORD, if not settled soon wiil ba left vvi'.i. i; (Iusuce fur collectuia. C. W. LORD F 0 R ~ ^ A L E . One Lumber ?LtR<LI, and all necessary .tnie'es for ear ti wijoie ba&>ir .-h as are r,liVrti: by n the L'. ri.. v.z : [Dost fiivorahte tc o otlfl-r Life Insu 1 bv the be uses of .M eares an d V uii;bouver, a m i w . rs j T im co n v -ntio ri o .% w h o did not rearth the iiortlu.c.su \ cr ^ ii'ij.. is, and uOml Did 1778. T h .- c ialiins it gav.- to | l-. ( tu - c laim s of s i 'a V Wine ti-ai-.M, .-t d lo . Iriat t ’l. .•. miii I i - i -. s U i follo w ed t h a t to its J u n c tio w ith tb e j e r n co.i...t u n ttl 1778 . ’I h . - c h great N o rthern L r a u c h , and t rence r lesccm lcd to i S p a in o f j>\ior.ty ot discov.-ry vv tuoulE o f th e riv o f r w h e re tlic y lande d an d * u s, w ith i l l othcr-s b d o n g - n g to he r. by tin, t r j w . founded Am-.-rtcdn claim .s to j. _Win{ete{l, T h e n e x t S p r in g they c o m m e i x - e d 'ty o f F lo l- ida; w h ich, a d il'.l to t'u-i;..-.eovi-i s of^ m sfovi-rv. W .tlioiil it, th e re vvo-alu meir returny a n d conlintied th e ir ex p lo ra t on i.p ■ t ’ajrtain G r a y , places our n a l i t to t..e di.~ o in r v , p .au o b le t,hj-clioii Irfi to tiicn i. I j,,. . pmoj. and before lh \ r e w a s an-y I,'-i n x p lo r a ^ io n .- T h .i t;.e d l i . O reg o n ^ q u e s tio n ..: Li order to p r e s e n t m o re fully and perfectly I ® rif M i-Ri-iuio ot I razm r’s w e re an infer!- ; gre circ u m s ta n c e s quoted a n d sp o k e n o f . w h ich o u r claim to tlic rtp i g io on n m I ^'■''*'bni,a;-aming the N o r t h e r n portion o f the .R’lnbsr, i s o s . -It f tas this' i m p o r ta n t expedition 'to thq know ledge o f th e w o rld t h i s he inoutii aird etitraiu e io ta th e i.i!ci and riv- :oiid all e o u lr o ’^x-i w h ich bro’l ( gr< a t tivi-r— th e w e s tern side o f th is j q .u ,s nerh u s b r a n c h e s , am i th e ; back h’ic ic it.It flow s, above itie j u s , ‘U iider.tiie provisions o f tlie tieaty i I a n d to trace vvli.it has s in c e ocruirred bet at proseiit. in tlic L . tl.. v .z : '£iie ppcoliar auva’i!igi-v sorurp-I to t'.e .-iSKiirod principle of tlie Loan Dc.urtniin:, thi.» Liendioj tbo a Savingb Lank, with LiR Ii.-'-ii-ai.i-e. A Slim to be ppc-m.iR nly lave.itii m the U. 8 ., in the nauiusuf three of die L j O k Direct.ir.s, as 'l'^Ustee^— ivaila I hk-alvvaveto tlie assured ui cases of disputed claims (si.ouid any sui-li arise.; nr oilurwise. -'rbcpayiii 11! tifpr.inmnia, l'airyp..r!'y. quorterly, or month­ ly ; at a iri.Omg advance upon l.ntai;..nai rate. No charge lor stamp duty. 'l-hirtv riais allowp'i utier each payment of prem.um be­ comes d-ie, v'-itlioutfurfeitu'o of pnltcy. ^ 'J'ravelii.ig leave'exiensive and liberal, and'extra pterai- _ ums on tne mn,t moderato scale. ; Conrtiiions in the policy less onerous to the assured thSin usual 111 ca^esufl-ife .Assurance. The actual .nd dcrlm-d proU-.s, fpidd iteports) atiurdi.ig sure dafi tor calculain tbe \huiius\ 111 this institution. , ------- -r 1 . I ....... ajp than th|)se of mg Life Insurance m Now 40 th q kno w ledg e o to? greatest by f a r < oonnnent-s-,w n h h s Vast regions through w h l t d t flo w s, abt points to w h ic h G ray an d -V a n c o o v e r bad ded- I t look place in-aiiy y e a r s before it w a s vis. ited andsexplored by any su b je c t o f G r e a t B r it­ ain, or o f l i i y other civilized iiatiofl, so f a r as w e a rs inforiacd. I t as c learly e n title s u s to the elaritn o f priority o r discovejy, dis to its head b r a tich is, and th e exploration off ihevriver anfl ta o r e g iq p tbrongh w toch it p.wses,’ a s th e voya- - S p a n ish nav ig a to r , “ s to priority m reference to its N o ^ i s ^ r p '^ / o ^ A ^ ils c h a n n e l. jS stabllshm lU n u so a vvliicii o u r oiairu lo u ic r i to Ib.m iine w m - r L l o i - ^ r v v r s ^ L i o v 'r i o ; t-xploraUQii , ^i,g in f e r e n c e th a t in s tead o f I h c 'U . S . ‘U iiderijiie provision s o f th e tiea ty o f G 'i-i.t, i ' >a oy L - w s &. C iark e . i b e ing tiie po.vvr they either fear o f a re d e te n n in . i'li» I sHtiPineni and i.oxsesdon .— T h a t it is ' i. it in FV-mop T b o if w a r m y ste.-iously by the E-aropean jo u r n a l s , w h ich m e rit l e s s - c e r t a in . » oiir p riority o f seitle m . b y a com p a n y ,_at the bead o f wlucli w a s Jo h n g o t 18 1 1 th e y w e re visited in Ju ly fol,owin,r“ L a t r North west T h o ii|ip-o i n , e f t h e ig“ by M r, *t conipfiny, and his y th a t cpnioa. p a r t y . Tl^ev had been se n t out by^ V f ta -fo te s ta il Uie A m e rican com p a n y in oecu w m f t h e m o u th o f the river, but found the,,, ifeives d e f ^ tfid in U ieir object, q’he A m e n c a i pom p a n y fort?icd tw o o th e r con.iecletle.stahhsh m e n ts h ig h e r up-t m iles a b o v q u tsijir miles-abovCr- j postal passed G r e a F c r h a i n d u r i n g th e w a r w h ich w a s der ied th e acxfe y e a r ; b u t it w a s provided by Cl. The A m e ric a n con.iecletle.stahIish . ,-th e r iv e r , o n e about six hundred and: the other,, som e fifty o f *\the lory by G r e a t Br r i l a i n .. .o o all h a v e since tak e n place. T h e ri s toratm n o f A storia took place, iin d t r th e provi.sioiis o f t h e Irt day o f O c to 'ier, 1818— 1 p u t M r . F r e v o s t, t'le tw o Countries Hi yeft rCHce lo tin) ipqinrc w h c tli. r t : i t i r respective c la afl'ceted bv tlic S d lik a i e ti ts sioce m a d e iti j h c \ a a i i L r tho o e c u r rao c c s I r t a i y o f G h e n t , on the 6 lh ■the elFect o f w h ich w as to t'le a g e n t au th o rised by our g o v e r n m e n t ,io loceive it, in possession o f the e s tab li|h m e iU , w ith th e rig h t a t all tim e s to be rein s tate d a n d considered the p a r ly in possession. T h a t nogotiaiio n term in a ted in the con v e n tion of-the 20fhf o f O c tober, 1818 - the th ir d a r ti c le ot w h ich is in th e follow ing w o rds : “ I t is agreed th a t a n y co u n tr y th a t m a y be c laim e d by e ith o r p a r ty 03 t .e N o rtin v e s t coast o f A m e ric a , W e s tw a rd o f the S t o n y in o u n tains, ahaliv to g e th e r w ith its harbors. bay.s, a.id creik.v, a n d th e na v ig a tio n o f a ll r iv e r s vvitiiin the sam e , be free a n d open, f o r the te r m o f te n y e a r s from th e dale p t the sig n a tu r e o f th o p r e s e n t conven- lio n , t.i th e v'essels, c itizen s , an d subjects o f th e tw o p o w e r s : il b e ing \veli un d e rstood th a t thi,s a g r e e m e n t is n o t to be c o n s tr u e d to th e prejudice o f a n y c laim w h ich c ith e r 6 : .the tw o hig h con- tracting parties m a y have to an y part o f tho said country; nor shall it be taken t o a f e c t the claims of any other power or Slate to any part o f said the only object of the high contract- ( ■LiimUia by L-vv s &. C lar k e . .l-5(vG c s.'(L V w e 'i(and!.o.w c .sw ’on.— T l i a t i t i s | e a to p u n is h , it is F r a n c e . T h o w a r , if and n o t .. riii-J th a t vve tirsi s- u l, d th e c o u n tr y d r a in- 1 should com e betw e e n the U . S . & G r e a t B r itain 1 C ih.ii by the treaty ofi-^vould n o t certain ly be a co n test upon th e soil G i .i n t , we are>ei.|'t’. H . alth o u g h j o f the la tte r , an d y t l fortifications a r e b e i n g e . It is a i u m p i c d 10 w e a k e n tho clTccl o f th e ir im - 1 reeled and w o rk s are in progress w h ich c a n be plivd adm issions. c a lculated foi: n o th in g el^e t h a n to repel in v a s io n ; A s to our r ight from Sj>ain and France .— T h a t ' and such an inva.sion can o n ly com e from by th e trea ty ot 1763, G r e a t B ritain fixed the j F r a n c e , w h o h a s a t all tim e s a l her c o m m a n d an M ississippi as Its-W c.vtern boundary, and th a t i array of 400,000 fig h tih g m e n . B u t sh o u ld G t. w e hav e acq u ir e d ail th e rig h ts o f S p a in a n d * B r ita in choo«-j to em b ro il h e r s e lf w ith our ow n IreaH e s. j jjj c laim in g a title by d isco v e r y , explo- T h a t M r. J e ff e r s o n ’s object w a s to sta te how ratio n , or oth e rw ise, to O rego n , to w h ich tlib far tho unqu e s tio n e d boundaries o f L o u isiana ex- R u e r s o f C a lh o u n and B u c h a n a n sh o w c o n c to . tended a n d n o t w h a t w a s the e x ten t o f c laim s ac- sively she has n o t e v e n a s h a d o w , s h e w ill m e e t country i, i quired w ith it. stro n g a r m s a n d determ ined h e a r ts, aind in the . . ........... ,-Json’s i B a y ? or expelled F r a n c e fr.-in th e Ea.-<t side o f a n ti-w a r m a n in th e w h o le-U n ion.” irie .Mismppi, in th e w a r w h ich term in a ted in m - iB g r t- - 17 6 3 ? - A s to th e a s s u m p tio n o f th e c o u n ter-stalem e n t 1 IE?' T h e R e v . A . D a v is -will by req u e s t r e p e a t th a t L o u isiaijp, Wliile in tb e p o ss-ssipn ot S p a i n ! ' his L e c tu r e o n th e R u ins o f C e n tra l A m e ric a , D .C. 50 . y . t .,0 A . . 0 . n . , S p a in to th e te r r ito r y . incl«du..g those with Loui$iana—iit will be-ftnte ' h is L e c tu r e o n th e R u in s o f C e n tr a l A m e ric a , . T u e s d a y E tho se a.fqu\^rtd rccom ''m endaU o iis, & c . , see bills d is. en o u g h to c o n . t trib u te d t h r o u g h o u t tbe v illag e . “ huuus * Ul tllH Uirvtllut _'iiu rales ‘-Ib lile vv.tli , any other tbreign Company eilectu Riles, payable annually, on 8100 on a sinsle Life. ;e. I vear. 5 years. Lite do.vvilli profits ,i- I i f i i - « : ; 3 _ i i ! 3 - iiU II t s S i l l “.Yn Ae.t in respect to inshrance for liv® married women.” —(PasJtd bytheLegisla 1 . it shall bo lavvful for any married woman by herself, and in her name, or in the name of any third person,wuh liis assent, as her trustee, to cause tu be insured, for list sole use, the life of her husband for any definite pe nod. or lor the term of his natural life ; and in cate of surviving her husband, the sum or'heit-amouut ot tlie insurance becoming due and pay­ able by the terms of the insurance, shall be p.ayable to her, to and'for her own Use, free from the claims of the represen­ tatives of her husband, or of any of bis creditors; but such exeiilption shall not ap, ly where the amount ol'premium an- of her husband, the amount of the insurance may be payable after her death to her cliildren for their use, auu 10 their guardian if under age. The recent case o f Amory Cfaajnn, Esq., of Providence R. ai exam])le for others to make similar provision. His executors brought in their claim in due form, and the same being a])- for wbat cost of his means but 8372. a a i: ety’s ijates, together With blank forms and tft< ation, imay be obta,ined en application to any fte^raaces, of the.highest cbaiactor in the United Smte^ ipohcanW, if r^uitja^ns to thBStaijdtaS.wp^thand given_^ apylican-^, if roquij^aR I It for Tompkins county. € ! j a « > V E H H E E D . nt CAM ” I't V /rxT O ^ '-^. C -T I x '& S B E E T 1 R O N , A T NO. l G 5 ^ ^ i ^ O ^ S T R £ E T , IT H A C A . Subicnbrtliasin cimtiexion with his JL Foundry: and Siolrte.Busine.ts, oponed a stiop for ihe Manufacture of Coj.pcr, I’ln and .“ hert Iruu Vt'ur.X. iM a.l iSs varii'us lira.ie;ies shJ i now piej.an J , to ext-i'uie all order® [that may be oiiertd, aiidN i^ njv,- 11 , . hand a \a tJai zVab(irMnent of - T I N w a r e , f-.'.i. lonale at w' t-bS\le ot re’aii at the iovn He I.a. al.-o 00 Ii.tJ en.) w.!l !it rei-eivnig di NSA¥ L ilA T H E R ST O R E r p H R 'fU B S G R IR F R AT T H E S I G N O F T H E JL G o ]dsn B o c tf N o , '95 Ozeego S t r e e t ’, Oiiftdnoit Ensr o f t„p Bank of Iftmoa, hae opepod a C 0 3 i M S S S l O N l u E A T H B H S T . O R E , wiierfi he wi,\ vvan o tinll 3 wlto may wish any ihinu in Sole Leather, Upper Leather, tipp.. C a l f If Me 'rocco S iins.Linw ff,B inding, I'hicad, Pegs: .-CNibAP FOR G A S rt. He wi/i iT c iveHH In, ds ol J.enther from raii.ner-’ at u D m ibiiLetoSELL ON GOM M ISSlOftL L ^ g s i i a l . \ e i v Lo<r /orG aeb ni H a u d /, B R A S S C L O C K S , —20 dozen first quaJitv O .^a'e at i’rfi-c.- Li.v.er than ev\r befoteW-Wn In fiiU m a A «' i s y o u r C h a u - c e . ■ i |] - ib I '•1 , f ever s.nce I have done business in Ithaca.so that any oCtcai, j-.idgc inr tl.em.elvcs whetirei mv busines.s i s ----- ' C O P A R T N E R J - i H i P , g Vv'.^ 8 A )IG & G . <^ 1 G . P . \A-ILLlA ftS have'asBc.ri iii-oi H u r a c e M.aciv, and w 1 str-ie i a i l.iuiibt-r, Pioduce iind forwai-u I- Iinsiiiei-.-.-II Ioil! s-iiiiil (lately occupied by T. •> \Vi!li ..... ) 00 i-i- me hr.,, Go'., Ilhi . ami G. F. W .Ilian. & G.. . Ai'ianv. Toepalionage . the pubiu; isidJfrecLully soitciied. . fii.n,.., I f );;■ HORAGEMACI v . I 100 l> O L L A R v S R E W A R D . I f ^ n K 'S u f s ’T.ber.'-Tnnnt-rj having been broken into 1 ., ij. il . : i|rJ the .'tteam Engine and Machinery brokei ■ . mai.\ -. b..! - r • d futs tshen „fi- „„a Tools. &.c. tlirmvn 1 , I '-.e-Vai,. iii.ili.’.U. fomul 1,1 t!ie m nor store sod „ of !,!■ arsor.imat o'. in tills I- a;kit terns, viz; ;i .-'Inniifa rtnre tie mo,-t g ner.il I '- e veu .. i i-.HinFi^-loenr KTSlY f-lM < n r o.-'er :, m - . . ; : , iijpijior.ig 1;:8 1 -itett and i.io, I approved pa;- i'*\ ’ Go's i:ti;Srovcd pa'cnt foel s-,-.;ng us;-n -i.ii .ipy,!■ Ji»ry. Railway Coni.ii.g Ptoves, i ^ i j - i . ' i r / r i-Hj-^ __ x J.Creen's improvt 1 lift-.* ir, do ■— * Buckeye hoiarv tup do Piirlnr O ld: 8 ’oVt s''wit!i elevated Oven, Fulii Bi ;l r I’rerf . |!.i do do rarliirbpoic-s t.ew 40 .d elegant pattern.i, - -foe.-. ;h <■ ., A irb?)t parl'ir a > do ‘ li-. ,-, n - . 1 I’an-ii-Ibinibt'.toi-eii, - 1 ' ' . ' * a,x j.I.-ile rio rdpizer. | Nit ju do heav\.. lorGhuic* ei-P-I-oo’-nou- — ------ - &.C. tlirowu 1 ; . f(.-iiui 111 t!ie ti| per ftorv and a i , . r •,).- f, 11 , 0 p.nt slick. The fire a ;• i-ie s'-.i-irg-i end giuKiout. ‘ u.i. be paid on d<u,vwtion of the dep-.. ■ i - L o t K i - r n o o s n Jo p l o u d I :*.e purhouses. h'^Av \ lor G’ . lief. r.Ci- of .N I V.- ( IrlCL.TiI A u J r c w J a c k ^ i n , of l.i -1 Indian Cam^bgr-r. .’.bd imineroua'anei-dntei. riripi.ii'; Pins.'I’m'v, Zin;, i.lii-k-Lead Puts Castings and Mfclifij ordJr oil short nonoo. All artucle-s in theabpvi ejt prices and on action ari., Brass Kelt '• C 'a i U m d Line are offered at the very !ow - - er,i*L, ,uii\'.reii ■ t..O Bol asiii 1 . ... the L u los^df Ron; ... ..... ‘■■“'” i i . i . « ; « s s r s i ‘c o . . I t O P R K T a K S . Air, « ^ * W d > a O B . atle p s iim d s o f W O O L . W A N T E D , A T G R A N T S ’ F A C T O R Y , rriH E S u b s c iib e r s h ien o v .' [.reperio? lo F.XCHAS ge t GbpTH-a.AT M0JOUCED PRICES, for U OOL on a s gohd 'Terms it iiui belter,Ilian any other Pacioiy 'h itlie Sl),te, a n d T iuet persons wistiing to Exchange \Villl call and e xamine lor llieinsefves beiore Trading ■je h.esf'rimet’U\'^!)! consist in rm-i of Grnr C M e b ratedSheep’s G r a y C L O T H , Mi'- . ................................................................ . 50 , a general Asboit^neni iff Black, B lue-B ik| Ade­ laide, Invisible G een, Brown and S.eel-M ix'd B R O A D - C L O T H S . itsrs can qeBbz4 Iroin 20 lo 25 per ct. morellian lyldisposina of i f in any otlier w ay. M e hope yon m' I callisnd examine the w eight,body and qubotily of stock in'each yardlof tbe above menuoned ctolhe. be- for> I^rcbasing eleew|iere. G R A N T S * CO . I^O lline dvi-ecilly opposite the Bank o f Iftiaca. May 20 . 1845. 49 , KETTLES, \ SU P E R IO R Art|iclemadofrom best Pigl'-on,and £ % keptf.ousia.itJy fo|, saleaitlioItliBca kept fousiaiitly foil Wi>rk»,tby 1 -Mjfch l&,19|t3 tojjs, Satin Brocade d< i. just opened and for '8 No. 90 Owego street. Itiia- F A ’ n m F x M ^ A L L H A I L ! S Q U I R E S & W O O D , ■VVill pay the Higlifsl .Market Prices in C a s h or Gooi 5.000 Bushels WHEAT, '\r ■ 3.0tfe ” OAI’S, , l.w p ” Firkins Dairy BUTTEE, ____ \ S O . I Q g OwegO“ S t . ; n e w b o o k s . NAM’S Library of Choi as follows: mice Beading, ie, snrnamed the Great, M O K E Specimen's of English Dramatic Poets who lived about the •Wiley & Putnam’* Foreign Library, aa foUows: Father Kipa’s residenca at thocourt of Peking, triaslatai M A V a S i - l ' . , , ORIGINAL s I t AINED !1

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