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Ithaca journal & general advertiser. (Ithaca, County of Tompkins, N.Y.) 182?-1847, December 26, 1827, Image 2

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1 ^ . ' B 4 S P I S . B iC M P J E ^ ■EOURSq;*^. JMEKI-V T^RNEW^VPR B^gps;, ■„!; .. Biwti H ? ' p i ? s r lastefBaitli Bn1(Bucks GetlysbxitgttBaiil Chaml|eisfiui :S i , M m„ g s ..ttsburgh do Fatm'i &Mech. , — |ilve)f Xake ^ 25 ; S S S S ’ I S I H t : , ' -\\ j S ; SornmmW or, SpirtCrset Brandi B^nk o f Somerset Cimjbprlaof! Bai k broker •Oirgtee- ; ,, do | 3 g r ' ? ; . . ' 1 S s t _ v ^ b 80 f a T B ilftf do> & M X to S S S & Jl, X JTci I ^ - I S j S u f too. Roiiu) I S S t t i S R ATHliBEItfe,., . , 1.5 a s s :\ : * * - . . , ^^,Mncuh-!Vhtis,--'>^ State Ba^rkal; Cam- ® « - OrniBofranffJJk. to2; . , , . t i wick ^irar ^ters& B k .,-: - 14 >iB. ai'i'wfttoti ^o ( e i i s - m - * , t m % < 0 A iL - fR O A 0 i r ‘'^XOi 8, III two previous nunibers,, t^Novembcr 213th and I>!oeniljep 5th,) rufe subiniltecl’tp- our reoderssucli ;:, particul'af? UP it. lia^j^^investigation- of the subjeol ; enabled; us-to oomptief relative t» the tnethod c^flStruotmg railways, a'nd tfieirgerietal irntlctMij. parativeadvantages.as meili«nijoftf(msp0rfation, 1-2' From the feet® thcrorpstatM^ it nsey be fitifiy and safely deilueed: That a tailway m«y b e constnicteddh any situs tion Where a good common road can be couStracted with facility: ^.^l^bttt-the materials may b e easily nml cbcnpiy protajretl in most parts of the United States, ami especially in Ibis section of the oounlry: iV.wr® iXp?Va. S J f n i Tkrolim JVbfti. Braiiohes |tc|beinand Sbii® Gmeotka JVb liBtlesloftjBks Grorgio dVhffj. k of Augusta ankoflMrien etslBank Bank ofChilicothe Bank b f Marietta , Bk oF Steubei'viMu Par. Me; Bank LancsEstorBank ;BkofSl.Claitsviile Bk of M. PleasnAt ; yy.vEef rve .Bank jCent«c% JVbfts. jjfcdfs:y..& Bruch. Bk eonirhbn-wealiJi - lR?n««s«« J^otes^ S. Bk 4 Brcbs. TfaslWlllel- - XPounaw i ffew-qdeaas 14. B: [ « . B a ^hbatm ATofUr. .... , GottnantdwtBiifc. dot -I---., fifejr.notes. . . ATpfa re^^tiveidf Bar, intUei^of JVbw-i'orfc m W M ? \ ' :iaii«3t— New Jersey Rranutactur-* ; i i ^ Ranking Co, Ho- Philacd. 4lhiUed Slates. ^Joriricli Bank. . U m K O X I T , © = ^ - “ n S S S # — !thmkvNoven*0FSl5t,182^1* - . 5 3 ^ ' - 'm w M ILLI-yER Y . 1 K 1 I & I ® fiSPEetFUIiLYiirfbrtoSherlViends ■ JEmr W'i Ibe phbtklt, thtH she ho? jusl tfitumetl froai New-VoFit witli im assort- ^ n n s u H i i f t ^ , ’ Araong w h ic h Is a .v a r le f j o f SiHrj, fetias, & 6 . & e. S a il jible for (be aeasw . j \ 1 so the latest 4 >hio 9 h s f a r tiRtlies’-Efiids, C aps, D resses, ^natSj D a h tts , & c, A c h o ic e a ss o rtm e n t I j e ^ h q m c i J ^ S i l l c M u iS i W ilt h e :kept for s jle, and j h e flatters herkelf he’etiabltd to p le a s e those, may fitvoor tmt with laiFed, trim teed, aiii 1(1 dressed m ilts upHEtrav iHiinacr. 'jpbose’indebted, are particulnfly requested to cafl and aetlle tbe dem siids againifc thestt, imtnedia{e9y. IthlMiai N o y . 14 , 182 *?, 535 tf RBEIEF. FQ t h o s e AFFI.ICTED .; s ■: iviT« \ comm M D C O m U f tlP T I O N S . . . COMMJtNlCA'OD. s».;; c o u ^ l r ^ O P s . cK&t;Sis|g|^lIsgSi a s i s s a s « | : | ^ \ i . J 2 , iPur.^ Alrtschw. E M t A G A J o b B j I A X EDITBD'OV EBENBEER b ^ r . kNES|D. Y, DECl lEMBEll . 26 , l« 27 . . ,n^ie STiiiluiU j iitout al;i luiiulrtJ and filtjf. ‘■feet 'in a diatance of ahdCt tsvelve fourteen; mites. The descent thonee OWego', is about ; one hundred eu<J eighty fe«l i and'tj»'8'iitit'facp 61 ^thegrcujid, aoil, and.bthcr circutualaciies, ara'lhe ■ ^ iiie aj before stated. Bet ■peea the comparative advantegei and oJisadyaiitespcs of these tiya roiites, it would be the, provinep Wf'C6mpetei)t|udgcs to. Upm tlieim n d poml of Jnqu-ir^i T h e oonpexion of theEirie Caonl With the wa­ ters o f the Susquolioiinab* for purpxoses of com cwrcial interoourse, hnshi therto been-docmcd dn oliject of greiut piiblipit importance. Several routes for Gsnnls,.enibruuing,thi» object,.have been proposed ; but the great elevations to be over­ come, compared with th« dia.tance, renders the' comrnmiic-atioti by canal 3i(lioUlt and expensive. These circUmstanqes, startling to the prudence and edonomy of one LogislutuE'e,.have preveutedhith. erl© any pablich appropria tion for a canal.^’ Agaitisl Urn propiosed coimesion liy Railwaij^ liowever. That when the line is once estteblisheJ by a ceitipetent eBgmecs:,BnJ the ptans aiidnicHtelama- I theseabjqctinnadoitct e^isl i and an impartial in- tufedv the Work may b e done by cemmeuv riKehan- : vestlgatipn of the sohjeat, mast conyitice eyefy tufedvthe Work may bedone hycemmpn. riKehan- iqlts and ordinary labourers i Thatthe.liVst cost o f a railway, with two sots of carriage traeka, pro-yided theraits are of wood capped with rallml iron, will not mueb exceed 'J 'tWife the cost of a good turnpike, and that the ex- pengtr of'repairs will b e ahoiif the samey and that figAtUr tm times the weight of tannage may be transported on a railtyay, with the same number of horses and In the same time, as can b e done on a tnrnpike road ; • That a railw-ay costs about half as much as n canal, in most cases; but in rough and hilly dis­ tricts, much less than half c that tlie expense ol repairs is greater on a canal; andtaUheugh .. horse on a canal, at a speed of two miles, an hour, ,jn draws the load o f three horses, moving a t the rate of three milesan hour oh a rail road, yet Whore tlie speed equals or exceeds four miles on hour, one horse draws more (for the same dumtion ofla- ■ hour) oh a level railway than on * canal: That the superiour weight conveyed a t the low- Oil rate on a cana), is jnore than, counterbalanced sed .7<fdd/QMfli»/ieedQf cbriveyanec. on a tail road; That, therefore, the di^rence in first cost aneJ expense of repairs considered, m d that the one om be used at a ll seasons, .while.-the ptiier is ieg- bound for half o f the yearf the rail way tony be ' -deemed in most casM equal, and in many saperi- our to the canal. T h e foregoing facts wehaveembodie«I,not only for the general information of our readers, bulfor the ‘purpose tfT aiding •nO interesti g tftein more TartbeUlaFlyMu^hediaVestrgatida of thaprcposed project of X rail road from Uhaoa to Owego. The time is near at hand, -when the application will be lyged before the Legislature; and if any thing We have loid, or can say, will contribute to inspire confidence and perseverance in the undertakings we shuB deem ourselTOS amply rewarded for ohr lubcar. — W e shall rtOTrTr?eoei[ fe itiquire t 1st, Whellier the sur^ce of the country and olher localities o f the proposed route, are favour­ able to the construction of i rail way, \wiBSordii- niry facility and expense i 2d, Whether the Jntcreourse to be promoted aiKltbe imprereiaent tobe effected, are rtf suffi- oleut magniluile and. importnne* to merit the aid and patronage of go-rerotaeni; and whether Ihc local advantages to be derb'cil ate paramount be* the local exertions necessary to accompHsli the ob- Joet? 3d, Whether the smexmt of transportBiion will lie salllcienl at- a moderate rale of loll, to yield a reMonahle dividend on the first cost, dr capital in­ vested? O n {he^rM.ppMl^ , “ The dlSWilce frotn the havigabre wufert o f Cey- dg» Lake, near this village, te khe 8u«l«eh'anrtah at Otyi^oi by tlie roale through Carolxne snrve^- qd by M r, Thomas in,1824,ia tweuly-seven miles.. The ascent from Ithaca to the summit IcvetfA dis-^ termerfleycn miiei, isfive bUlrfrcdand sixty.nitrt ■feer; ot an avm g e of eighty on« fee* ib a mile.. And there is ateo another impdrtant eonsidefa^ materially dimitiiehod v and thal the qjiakity pt ,, .tion, in which the State of New-York ha? a deep i Salt passing through the same'channcl faas varied, S am ^e^lm v ■interest. _ T he manuteot.^ cf Sdt and ip now.by means E q u a te to the increased \\ population, and the extended marketWhieh WoiiM in this State is yearly increasing; and the sup^y of fuel for\ll© works is rapiiilly diminishing.' In* is rapidly diminishing.' In. he secured to jt by the exclusion o f the irapoHed jleed,,as we und'ei'stanA sO'high as |2 25 percotd — • • has alreadyTjeen paid'fte\ Wobdat the Oonphdaga' works. A supply of seal ar€hps% Wdrits must therefpresoon hoifome a topst inaportantobject. In iiiliglitencd statesman aifcd citizen,, that not only jha proposed Miodq, but aolso the proposed potnts uf connexion, are those pointed out by Nature as the onost pranticable and Mve»tnSco«3. The Cayuga. Luke, 40 cniles in Icngihi nDtinecls by a branch or outlet 7 ra-iles long, With the Erie Canal at Montezuma. Il«re the Sal( region coniB ineuces. On the west bamk of the Cayuga, about 32 miles froov iu head, dhq piusier beds ato sit­ uated—the qtrality of U m Plaster superiour to any other found in the States, mul the quantity supposed to be. inexhaustiislo. Salt and Plaster a re the stapli|^^clos of com­ merce, to facilitate the ojcportalibii of which jato. Ilie States of Pennsyivariia and Mary land, the conoexiu^ qf Uie Erie canal willi the Susqueban- nah River has been piropUsed, Hitherto most oi; the Salt and Blaster for these , mnricete, have been brotaght n p the Guymga tBuke iiy boats to tlio viU lage of Ithaca, anil thctSce transperted by land ' ever the route of thQ'pisBqiosed r ii t way, to the iSusquehannah at Oweg^ TIus isthe natural end Ipng-cstablishedclKtnnelj and npo« thissource an oxt^sive distr ict of cuiiifetry along thb borders oi the Susqui-' animh is in tlcv habit of licpendiiig for aaupply of these necessary articles. At certain .pcHoda, iiideetl, the supplies fromithls source b“- cooacmostosscptiul and iraportaiit- Daring the late war, for insitince, when foreign supplies were cot; off, so great was the dom ©nd I n the Mates of Termsyivunia and Aiatylaiul few Salt and Plaster, and other pro«lu5e o f the laUe ’cotolry, that up­ wards o f five Iwndred teams were tlaily employed ■(in the Winters of 1C13--I l> on the portage be­ tween Itheca and Owego- Many o f the citizens of thoxe States in vested their-money ia the tinUe, and actnnlly brought their teams a distanccof one hun­ dred and evem two bundred miles, to ns.'sist in the. transportation, Plastcr-5t»lil at Ihat tlmein Harrisf bargh, Middletown, andSolataabia.foriWeBlyBtWo dollar? per toft^-pund in Badtimoro market as high as thirty-five iSa31ars per tom, - Salt brought, in the river towns, from ten dollars and fifty cen-’s to thir­ teen dollars i>er barrol i and t-wb arkToads which were taken to Balt finores and' thence into the m-; teriour of Mmrylantl mul Vir^iiia, sold as l%h ns seircnlccfl ^Hjars per bdcrcl, Should the sanac ffoiStln^ency agom p resent- should TOr o r non- iiitercouroe (and Ihe late pro kibitlon Ilf ifee W u i India trrie ^ivci ?« Umelp learning vpem Ibis jiotnl) oguin c utoff a foreign supply, the necessity for o supply o f Salt and Th“‘ ter from this State -woulcihot oniy recur, but from the iiiereaso of populatron and tfie addifiohal fa- cilit’os o f fraosportatioH intotlieiftteriourof .Pm sylvaiiia end Mnryland, the quantity required to supply those maidBets -viould be much greater Ihu'i during the late wairi lls3;1rire,-that sibce llie war,,tire deuxand for Bioese articles- from. :lhe S-inte o f ffefe-lfoiitbBS much dimiritehed) ns the .inter­ nal improvenaents in roaLds uod canals itt Pennsyl- vajiia have eimWed the foneigrtSalt amt f a s ter Ip he hroughil farthnr ivito tlie irfierbur t #hile the Iranspoitation of otar nxlive ptoductidns has feef. ot an average a fexpenmby iuB5Rrt»i ?«««... ^ortttislaace of the village; auil taight thcre^ fore be; surmounted 'by one htatiorrhry- engine, oiher fixed machinery. And a s% e line -of th e tail road wouldh^ere bo near the banks of the S is .Mile Creels wdtef power could probably be ap- ;pfie3odvatageouslyfor this purpose. This wcenli Overeome, no othe? abstaele presents itsolfi From the summit level to -Owegp, a distance of t-wenty ttules, there is a gradual de.«eent of on? hundred ar«I sixty feet, forming a smooth regular inclina­ tion of eig/H feet to tho mile. No ravines are H he passed. The. two braDches of the Owego- :Creok Ste the. only alreams t«4e'€«)Stod, over. f. which, as thfi baftks are low, convenient bridges ;inay easily be construfifed, The surfnoe of the gr6.un,d is thqamfure'fiavourablc; and the adil.'bejHg gravelly; is ^ e lt atfapteil'to the forrtintipn of a so^foandatfon the fails, anifa fiimi d i ^ p i l i upon which the horses are tolraveL -^ith BCgMrd to snatepials, the nipsl durable of t S ^ P « ^ t h e bt« \ # Sftme4 iimibundimce upon the rout^. Irorii procufed at the Cheapmt rate in' rnarltet, may Se transported to Ithaca, at ten do!.: lars per tom Engineers, ai-tisb, ami lubourew, caWi be here procured, paid, and mainteuned, a(! Vateja a» reaspoablA as elsewhere. ifw b u lff therefore, Be difficulf to fmO' a foutb o f thesaifie extent, where the qrurface o f the grottml ktidi other local circamstaheei are more favourable, and-where a railway maybe constructed tvitli 'gX-eatel; CicMity with less expense, j, • And here it is proper for’ us fo^reraark, that thoro ia.anotberro«teihanthfrttmab«rte mention ©di I t k along- the* vialley o f tl» C $ y i|^ inle t tlitough the town of Spencer. The (KstaUce by this route, is about eight miles furdier ihnn |y th e other. The ascent from tthitea i? gre/tt^jv-ihu quarter. But should the earpanse of transgorlation be radiiced materially, am it would be by the coiiifFurtidH 61 th e proposed railway, o a r Salt and Plaster would soon exclude the foreiga articles froman extensive ;6rltet,anil be again profitably sold in aa groat quantities as during the most favouraifle period of trade, although rrol at aticb exhtotbitaftt priGes. It would be « hateckaseful: and permurient, and equitable arwl advanti^eou's both to the buyers and the sellers. Besides S alt and Plaster, inucb other produce, flour, pork, wiiisItSy,&o,.&c, would, as the Susque- ; hannah is navigable in the sp>nng inany weeks be­ fore the Erie Canal is o ^ n . seek this.channel fora ;nMrkeiin Pbnosylyaniat. ami Marylami, or to be '®. r e shipped t o the egstec-n markets. Nor is it chi- “ :OTeri*hl jo-uhlielpate a n early day, when tbe.ita- mensfr Walew-pj4^|o& by 'whiMi the Village ol was stated af eight thousand tons. Forabonthalf IthnCik8urr6unded vp;iLbeo.ccUBM with Mam season, we k.ept a record also of the Salt, Ithaea is surrounded), vt?ill b e p.ccupied with Mam 'UfaetoiHics o f variousikiands, and tho luaaufbictured .Mtioleafind. an extensiwemarket throaghthe pro- , posed mediiiuh of compaUnreation. Forthepro- d uce andproduotioq? Ibwia.iaatketed in Penhsylva- .i*ia arid Maryland, caste will Bo received, anil iner- chandwte and fawmii^eriafei purchased therewith. ,iu the city o f Ne-w-Yqrk j -whtefa, with the addi­ tional .emoAiat o f taerchandiise destined for the .nortliern.region o f Eennsylvania aud the valley-ol the Susquehnnnaiih, sirill serve ntateifially to in­ crease the transpottadion on the Erie eartal. .Many articlosalsot llie -pfOdoc'tiQrtS of the vklleyoi the Busquelianna.h and the contiguous eeetions ol FepnsylVflhiia, ntnortg which Ismber of various rleseriptions mny be tmentionedi-would: ht certain sensons.Of Fhe yehr anc3 when the r'«-er navigatiof failed, pass by die rail way andtbe Cayuga Lake materially aiminishod v and thal the quakitv Englkli'fiatea H article. It Will also be see'ii, that the reduction each direction^ and withift a short di'staricB ft'oni'i the point nt which the propoaed: r^U Waiy-wiil, strike the SuSquehajinnh, Goal is found in the vicin­ ity of that river. AtTbwamia, about thirty-six prices of trarisporting these products, is less than :t>roportiohate to® the oeduceU, prices a t ’ which they were sold ; and that the market from which they ha ve been excluded, is much-greater I in ektept than that which they a t present occupy, {^is therefore apparent from these facts, that a small reduction in the price, and acertain.fy aij,to milesholoW Owegp, prodqgtiiiue of our State to rb-occupy ajl the ground fi;oni which they have been expelled hy the facilities olFereJ to foreign competition, While they haveencouritej-ed and contended-with an un- gipnof thelLadrawa.xen anthracite coal also ap-^ ; certain a n d ^pepsii'e medium o f ttemportalion. ous coal exists, -within a. few hjiles of theTiver, arid in a cenvenient position. Some miles below this, coal may bo aburiiiantly procured imiuediate- ly on thebariljSof the river. The extensive re­ proaches within t-welve.miles o f the SiWquehaii nah, about thirty-six miles above Owego. The onterpusing-proprietors o f these coal mines, and the citizens in their viciuily, have for some time oast^tbeir-eyes in this direetion -, and as sows Uie proposed rail way is’cempleted, they ■will de- visc-and aecoinplish soiae mpfle of communica­ tion to iritorseCtit,arid?£6(i.lsibr^their valuable min­ eral a ami'ketiii our State. If these anticipatioHS; are reatiked, what an extensive item will thus be added to the transportation! arid what immense advantages •-will be thus s.eoured to the State at If is a natural, Ihwgh a pow/raMed suggestron, thalacomiexibn;of tte grid'Canal -with the Sus.^ quehantjah river, woiild divert much Iransporta- U ? n ^ il business from, the eaual. Brit it is appa. rent, that, even if the important item of'cnal :s excluded, the increase ip some bVanehes will, equal in arndtint the decrease m others. And were not this ttie case, the diminution apprehend­ ed would he more .than counterbalanced by the benefits reSalting to the State b y an increased mar. for Salt, from which i t derives a permanent re­ venue; ami from Iheprospcrity which would be secured to an in^qrlant section of the State, tijrough aefcoice jif markets and increased fooili- tiesof intercourse and bsteinesa. If, tberpfojo,. the' foregoing views are correct, the proposeil railway will be an improvement of immeuso magnitude and imporlanoe. It willcf-: .'■f-ct an extensive line.of cointaunication, and.open facilities of tiwle ami intercourse, from wbicli great publfok advantages may be derived, such, i t dcinnnds the attention oi individual enter­ prise and publick spirit, and merits tho aid and patronage o f the government of the State. In a local point of vie w, the foregoing remarks will also apply. IVo will only add, that to the villages of Ithaca amlOwcgU peculiar advantages would result. Situated as they -would be at Bho tvvo points o f junction, they would become places of depbsite end exchange for all the pro­ duce and merchahilize which would pass in each direction. The eiSipteyment thus aecured to business men and labourer?, the impulse which Would bo given to industry aridenterprize, -would: ^ u r e to these villagca s degree ofTimprovement rind prosperity beyond -what .wo'will attenapt to anticipate. From lliem, thofofore, a concert of means anti vigorous e-a:ertic»is may be expected, towards the accomplishment, o f the object. We have next to inquire ;' |3d. U'keilicr Ihfi amount o f IrnnspottaCir n cti ilupropos^ rail road,iczU be sujfcienl ala mode rpc rp.lt ( f tolls to yield a reasonable dvMoni on the first cost or anoimf of capital invested. It is dilficU f to estimiate with any degree of cer­ tainty the amount of hsinage which jnay be reli­ ed on intliG cemmencctrrent, or to fix upon a fair ratio of increase. \tVe shall endeavour,.howt noj to transcend the bounds o f truth and probibahil^ ity. .And-we will here acknowledge out indobt- not edness for many of Ihe folio-wing particulars, as well as some of the forgoing, to J ohn R. D hake , Esq. oneof the corresponding committee o f Owe- go, to -whom wo addressed a letter for information upon-thb subject. lU8 ealitnated that there was transported from the head of Cayuga.Eakc to Owogo, and Ihcnoe dotvn the Sosqliehannah, V iS;-'l£-'Er’-5K'- J SS ' : S S i S . g ...................... . S i J - S I : S S Halil ::!§ 1 li i i « ' S : : S ; - S I ; £ S £ 3 1 5 “ l!t27, 2,5Ud . 5,got? 500 10|o 500 4,.;oi) ; The above, we ore confident, will fall short of, tuthev than exceel, the true estimates, In the boating SEsison o f 1318, we \kept and published, record, as 'nccurately a s cciuld bp obtained, of a!l > record, as nccurately a s cciuld bp obtained, of ai the Plaster hrottght'up the Eake and destined’ for the Susquehannati market; and the total amount seasoti, which amounted for that par t of the season only’ to four thousand barrels. » In 1015, the prico oFtrai'isportotlon from Ithaca to CtWegb, was six dpUurs per ton, and the ave^ rage'price for which Plaster s*ld down the Susf quehannah, was eighteen dollars per tori; of Salt, four dollars per bmT6], io 1818, transportation’ was reduced to three dollars fifty cents per tori; Plaster sold for fourteen dollars p e r ton, and Salt for fem-.dollars twenty-five cents per barrel. In, 18^, lire price of transportation is three dollars per ton; Plaster has soljfor from nine tb ten dol- rlars per ton, and Salt for three dollars twenty-five Icerits to five dollars p e r ’barrel. Salt and Plaster, sold ia 1815, as for dowu.-the Bttsqu'ehainriBh as CDhtmbia. T h e past season, they were marketed no lower, down than Junlatu. - I t -ri'ili bo perceived frpnfthe foregoing state' I was dreadful, fi ish yessels; in one of the, k Yci-kAdvertii 1 teeing suddenly brushed to the dri Albw To (he causes alr.eady assigned forthridiniinu- . tion of this importantlirai'i^ of our inlernal ' merce, vie may also add, that'this diminution m.iy in part be ascribed to th e 'd i l i l ^ ofohtaining, transporlatioD a t the jh-esent redoceJ rates, to the lahprious natuVe nijd: uncertainty- of the^ode, and to the small inducement held out, undertbesedis- couraging circumstances,to capltaland Sn&prise, , The eonstruetion: of ths ’ proposed rail-'^ 7 , would obviate all these dlfficiilties arid ditoourage- ments. It wpifid reduce th& price o f ‘transporta­ tion from the C a y u ^ to the Susquebannah, to $1 or 2S p e rton; and renderthe couimunication equally cheap, oxpedilioas,ap4^onvenient, at all seaapns of the year. Mari o f enteipriae arid weans would engage inthe trade. The reduStion in price would enabtoour Salt and Plaster, in tho most fa- voui-ahto periods of foreign intercourse, successful- jy to compete with the imported articles; and this useful and resusoitated comnierce' would again enliven the whple, valley o f the Susquehannab and; ■ its tributary waters. » We niday, then, s ^ j y p u t dowBthe arilicipated tonnage of Salt and Plaster, a t a great increase over the-qmntiiy which is annoaliy takSn by the present mode o f conveyance. Since tho completion .of the E rie Canal, a very conaidetable and incroasmg qaanlity- of merchan­ dize has passed through this place to Owego, Bing- haraton, and other places on and contiguous to the Susquehannah. This species of tonnage would be greatly iaoilitated end Increased by the construe- tion of the rail way. But the greirtest increase: would be, in (ho artiafes o f produce, -wlioat, flour, pork, whiskey, io. &o. which would probably ex- ceedin the coiamcneoment, three tiroes the annual araonntberetoforc psBsing from this region to the Susquehiuinah. - Thoamounl of annual tonnage oie Ikfrmil way, for two or three years after Its completion, we shall-therefore estimate as ftlloxyB: Plaster oncLSalt, ,, nQn Wheat, flour,., pork, and other ■ m S S ; . . s Lumber, and misceUarieouK, 1,000 nO d aten?.. Iraito ■ a8 milos, at$4.GOOpcr .on the above estimated amount of tonnage, t7,0O0,toas, at 2 cents per ton per mile, ^^,5# 00 Deducting for suporintcndcncD and re- : 1,700 00 Tlie proceeds per ann'im would bo 7 |ter cent, on the capital invested, $7,840 00 _We have not, ini the foregoing estimate, taken into consuleralion Die article o f coert; which we are persuaded, would within a few years after tiie impleUon of llmrail way,bcceme ?t veiy Consid­ erable item of tonnage, Nor haye we gnticipalad the froa of Pennsylvania, whidi’must eventually find jls way intoour State tliroagh the same ohan- We have thus endeavoured loprove, that the construction o f a railway Jrom the Cayuga Lake to the Susquehannah afrOw^o, is prarticable ; that it is an objeot of great puiiiek andlooalim’. portance; and that it must eventually yield a suf- fidfent ihcometeretmtocrate thd exertions and ex-' penso necessary to its complctioti. This number has extonded to a greater length than we anjtlci, pated, and the facts and illustrations we have en- deavoured{to-siteItove'be0B4i-ti<re'and indigested. Weshafl therefore feel obliged to o te friends who may investigate the subject for any correction which they can make, or any omission of fact by ' argument which they can supply. To the advocates ^ thus iraiportant object, and to those deei-ly interested iaifa i wo say in ooiicliisian, PERsEVEREi effort isseconded by corresponding exertions 011 the part of the State of Pennsylvania. That State is progressing in its projecteij improvements upon the navigation,land aloog the borders, o f the' Susque­ hannah. A letter frrim a person of high standing and will meet us at , hep southern houndaty. Pennsylyanm wants the Salt and Plaster of New \ *t, in quantities vrhicb tbe facility of- SVmntif'ltonnsyTvSw^^^ jlns p s s S d ie ■|is gi-eat impr • ........ . /i» however, the State bark her ca p it lift raehtine wliiehe so deeply-kiter .that the enterprise immedialelyinti :m ^ r t t w b i h s o ^ e a u S ! i |l ! i ^ ^ ^ iply-kiterested,. there can be b ut litt _______ he enterprise and means o f the couhtry more' lediately interested, will :accoiaplish this »reat .ai-4 onlyfromi pies ; and' snakifell barhairoiis Cxtenaim tferee. jgreab^ navral poweyafUf Europ oxiceondiedde of .justice and hiwanitjry i Turkzsh m d E g y p itm this dny to aanounce another artfe triimxph 3cliimil bj the .BritisTi 'lf S k t S to® be the^iwi perfotme and for t ipttlatii &ei3pat( ^at t b e A^hDiiKfl) I Hodiren i k m o r o i D g j e c i S Yehn/>i‘t,E. hiJil of N h variBo,. bjr th e i S t s«i; s ; S i 5 \ ® « * » '|ly t S I»^.v * i e d e a l r a t for c e g . ^ d A f t h e r e b l h i ' :. m w t s h M ^ c e - - ^ T b r e ^ a i t s ': o f bieta line^- foiSr frig-atfeg^- b o e j ^ v e t t e , a nani •hrig»., ^ \ rtad | F r e n c h iQree-r-nlhpe^BaUs two Irigtotes, two s c h o ^ e w . ' ^ Totaf 'of A e Allies—26 snas. Turkic Flirfe-t^Three auils teP line* foar double fiigatesi tiineteeti gjites, fourteen brigs, twenty-foair- Tette9,six -fire gbipg. T « tnl-^?D s a ils. two ^ d riren on s^ore,. w re c k s— o n e *.4 le frigate aiink 5 one e ti s h o re , a -wri a the'll S S‘ s § \ I a ......................... u n | a. j one eti shore, a vrre I tivo ouroett-—iifreett frigates burnt S sunl? i tlrge on shar^ wreckf* t ont eliore, naasts standing— Sfteeo eprva lime nrigs oawjt and sHtyi:q*MrBe on masts gtatMling~eiat-fire sbt|ii .destroj ■and t h r e q Ira t j s p a i^ • ' . So that it .appear^' :th|it of the t«l seventy v & s e k b t iv e ir d n ^ 'd lg h t of smaller «la8B w6f,e afloat^ which is ih. bitbly | o be- :hccotjDted'4or-fi:onr 4 -and -vvhiGli appeato io h a v e b e e n v e r y i . 'm id ab )e« . ter, We reg to f to S a ji-lH u tthe lo e s .of; Allies Ej,ts h e e d cpasiderable, the tiotbing like whet m ig h t have ntonaeride superk o f |b e eaem y T n ttA the e b s linacy.ef re-e tuwieYstnnd that th e B ritish has b e e n a b o u t 70 killed .aod l OO wm ed, ' T b e only o fficer o f high -fqnifc\ si Captaiit t o u r s t , of the 61! .1 -eil, nmk 140 wcttuaeB, ‘We havti . 5 , heard tiie loss o f t h e R u ssians. ; I t is s t a t e d ,’ t h a t affitlrs W ere bVOi • « to this crisis by th e bad faith and 4 elfy of IfeVahiih Bnchat, who, fiudis(g'j 3 he wvould net he ail6W^4o' «n^H to H ynl toetilllies, rM o lv e 4 r a deahtuis o'l j S artMstic^AFnd' ifi hredfeh- lof h i s sol ; “i nices, t(i wreali ^ ‘ dete rtoiaialbn he w k - h a f ry in g itito e | ! by b u rn in g h o o S e s d e s f fo y ih g Hgncn)| cte 'and tre e s , and even m nssacreing ffo ig 'S l childf ■ng.w^ areftsot the aliies,-geGoading t h e indij iiiei *'*“ jd ‘E # o p .d , ’ h at - rare ; tioi la of civilized‘Etjrop.d,' haife notil . , .,;.*pyerh;T geance Upon the perpetrators ’ o f ' iaiiitCB Osa^tie EziMSfatoayjr, Neveroliaribil Ills Jtojosty^shjp-Asia,■ the btUtelwar of exterijfinatM, .anesprege „ _ Ihe smaller Sues, ih aitcoe •ip -the ititcrvals. Tha.coMibinedi ion, vithin lKe^'iP 5 |

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