OCR Interpretation

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. (Brooklyn, N.Y.) 1849-1938, August 10, 1886, Image 2

Image and text provided by Brooklyn Public Library

Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83031151/1886-08-10/ed-1/seq-2/

Thumbnail for 2
I m TDESDAY EVENING. AUGUST 10. 1888. Xbls paper teas tlio ijiurircsi Circular. *lon of any Eveiilnir Paper Publisliod Sntbe Puited States. Its value a s a n Advertisins Medium is tiierofora ap- poreut. Collector l ia n ie l Maa:one. Collector Hedilen’s resignation has boon ac­ cepted. Daniel Magone, of Ogdensburgh, 1ms been appointed bis successor. Mr. Magone 1 b an American of Irish parentage. Ho is a lawyer, about 55 years of age. He is in con- viotion a Democrat, and in Democracy i e has been “ a Tildon man from back.” His later afhlintions were ■way -with Mr. Manning, and he was always Celled on to see that v^ficn It. D. Flower car- xied Jefferson, St. Lawrence, its sister Repub­ lican stronghold, sent an opposing deleg.-ition to conventions. ID. Magone was the lawyer member of the Canal Commission of Inves­ tigation, whereof John Bigelow was the pres­ ident and Alexander E. Orr, of Brooklyn, the Jjnsiness member. In the work of exposing abuses which were stopped but not punished, the Commission bad the aid of Deputy Attorney General Charles S. Fairchild, now Acting Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Magone was a suppor­ ter of Cleveland's nomination for Governor and for President. He and the Bresident are intimate friends. He and Mr. Fairchild are even more intimate friends. That is the kind of nppoinfmentthisis, politically considered. In the combinations or inter party contentions of the State Democracy, Mr. Magone has al­ ways been anti Tammany and County De­ mocracy. In the old Tildeu times lie had for the Brooklyn Democracy a strong regard. With them he had a complete understanding. He is in principle a thorough Democrat. In temperament and feeling ho is so intense that he dislikes such Democrats as he iielieves to be jobbers much more than he docs such Republicans as ho believes to be honest He is a man of strong resolution and of incorruptible integrity. He has had work of investigation and work of adminis­ tration to do on a targe scale repeatedly. He ■will not hesitate to take any re.siiousibility. He is a believer in Civil Service reform because it is tbe law and because it is, in bis opinion, light. With the Customs laws he is thoroughly familiar. AVith the ways and relative weight of politicians ho is familiar. He will not come ns a stranger to his duties or to Now ■JTork, for his business has brought him there very often, and oil the leading ineu there know him ivoll. Mr. Hedden will carry back to private life the record of an honest official, a diligent Bervant and a gentleman who has been not sustained against unjust attacks as he Bhould have been by his official superiors. The man of iron who succeeds him will suf­ fer HO Buch want of support from Wiishington. He ■will command it, or he will got out, and he Wfill have the faithful service of his associates, or they will have to get out. H « S .o v e d A l l tU e P e o p l e . T h e p u b licatio n of M r. T ild e n ’s w ill can n o t fa i l t o occasion su r p r ise t c -die g e n e r a l p u b lic w h ich know of him on ly so m u c h as he chose to disclose p lu s t h e form a l and p e r h a p s m is­ lead in g glim p s e s i t g o t o f h im am o n g affairs. I t is D r . H o lm e s , i f w e re m e m b e r a r i g h t , w h o declareB t h a t th e r e are tln e e o f u s alw a y s , o u r s e lves as we see ourselves, ourselves Bs o th e r s sco us, an d ourselves as we »re. SD. T ild e n t h r o u g h o u t h i s life w a s o f a B u igularly p r iv a te t u r n o f m ind. H e r e v e a led h im s e lf i n so sm a ll a degree to h i s fellow m e n th a t th e p o p u lar id e a of him co u ld n o t bo o therw ise th a n strik in g ly differen t f r o m th e a c ­ tu a l p e r s o n a lity of th e m a n . T h e w ill is in p a r t a rev e latio n o f his in n e r ch a r a c ter an d w ill go fa r to w a r d co r r e c tin g som e of th e grosser m isconcep tions, an d yet even t h a t is lik e ly to do h im in ju s tice. T h e su b je c t is one w h ich c a n n o t f a il to i n t e r e s t oven th o s e w h o , f o r rea- Bons n o t w o r th discu s s in g , se ttled dow n long ag o t o stu d ied d e tr a c tio n of h im an d find it d if ficult now w itho'ut con f e s s io n o f e r r o r to re g a r d h im fairly . The world was right in regarding Mr. Til­ den as one of its richest men, but even in its estimate of his wealth it was at fault on the material side. His fortime turns out to have been about $5,000,000, a vast sum compared with the average human possession, but mod­ erate when sot beside the hundreds of millions of a Vanderbilt or even the tens of millions of Gould. This fortune ho has bequeathed, in brief, as follows: About one million goes to the maintenance of his relatives, every one of whom, as may pres­ ently appear, is comfortably provided for, and in a greater or less degree through his generosity, expressed in his will as the lost of a series of benefactions. The remain­ der, including his books, is given to the establishment of a great free library and the support of other public institutions. It is not necessary to particularize, for it is in the general testament that the material is to be found for a more truthful estimate of the man than his compatriots have been enabled to form. That Samuel J. Tilden was, in a high degree, a public spirited man was undo- niable. But the limitations set by his adver- Baries to his philanthropy did him injustice. One of the most bitter and pertinacious of these, one, moreover, which erred in spite of better knowledge, maintained that hia benevolence was bounded by the narrow lines of party. His generous donations for campaign purposes long after he had ■withdravm himself from active life and ■when no charge of self interest could possibly stand against him, extorted an ad mission ■within party limits. His gift to the ■whole people through his will ought to si­ lence that calumny forever. It is needless to enlarge upon the theme. To a man of pro­ found knowledge like Mr. Tilden, a well ad­ ministered library is the richest and most fruitful bequest to a people. And, not in the gi'ving merely, but in the administration he has provided with characteristic foresight, for each of throe eminent men he has called ■npon to give practical effect to his directions IB supremely qualified in his own way. A man famous in letters, another unsurpassed in financial affairs and a third thoroughly familiar with the estate, have been cbosen to perform this office for the dead philanthropist. Under a social S-stem 5 which is based upon the family as the integer, public opiuiou nor­ mally favors testamentary disposition which pro-vides for the family. The man who is good to his own merits and receives ns his reward the approval of his fellowmen. The disproportion apj>arent in Mr. Tilden’s legacies to his relatives and the people, may in this relation challenge criticism. But an understanding of the circumstances of the case -will not only answer criticism but will throw another broad ray of light u))on the -wisdom and prudence of him whom men truly revered as a sage. The inheritors ■who have been provided for are plain, substantial, unpretentious Americans, to ■whom superfluity would be embarrass­ ment, and who, in the shares that he has allotted to them find a generous ampli­ tude. It is not in one of that fine, sturdy stock that the germ lies of the parvenu and ■voluptuary. Their democracy is of the very Bpirit of American independence. They have enough and to spare, and if there is one of them -who grudges, on his o-wn account, a dollar of the munificent sum aet aside for aU the people, we may bo sure that his dissatisfaction is not drawn from Til­ den blood. But lest this should seem to bo proof weakened by ex post facto discovery it is fitting that we should remind our readers of an episode of Mr. Tilden’s earlier days, to which we have made passing reference above. When ho started out in life in hia chosen profes­ sion his older brothers were engaged in a large manufacturing enterprise, up in New York State, where they were solid citizens of the an­ tique typo which the dead leader so well rep­ resented. They prospered in their way, as he in his, and their factory is yet among the im­ portant concerns of the State. But there came a lime, somo forty odd years ago, when the industrial world was seriously troubled, when the soundest institutions Buccumbed, and on every side bank and factory, merchant and speculator were all alike involved. It was in the midst of this tempest that the chemical works of the Til- dens were in extreme jeopardy. Thoj' had grown to great dimensions and the liabilities, which in fair weather wore well in hand, Were now tbreateDing destruction, The genius for turning opportunity to account, as well as good fortune and conservative employment of hia own inheritance, had rendered Samuel J. Tilden then a rich man, richer indeed, in proportion to his times than he was at the day of his death. For he was the possessor of a fortune worth three-quarters of a million. It was indeed well for the fam­ ily, for the whole of that noble sum was placed at the disposal of his brothers. It gave stability to their credit, met their obliga­ tions and carried them thi-ough the desperate times that followed. Then was the time to test a man’s devotion to his family. He met the test by throwing his entire fortune into the scale for their benefit. Peter Cooper himself could have done no more. It would far exceed the limits of a news­ paper article to narrate, even briefly, those characteristic acts of liberality and unosten­ tatious kindness done by him which tho Exor.E knows of, and it is aware that, com­ pared -with the whole, they must be few. In the account which our faith bids us bear in mind they are all recorded to his individual credit. In a naughty world, good deeds, the poet tells ns, shine like points of light, and happy is the community' whose way is illumined by exam­ ples of beneficence and thoughtfulness for the common good. It is in harmony with Mr. Tilden’s inscrutable life that the public re­ joiced in the light that he shed without see­ ing the hand that held the candle till death, which ends most mysteries, rovo.rled it as his. W u r d e n O r o e u a n d tU « I'e n i t o M H a r j r . It is to he hoped Warden Green will recon­ sider his intention to resign the charge of the Penitentiary. He has made an efficient officer, and he is as honest as ho is capable. Tho ex­ penses of tbe institution have been reduced, though it has been maintained without a ne­ glect of any of its wants. The income of the place has been increased, and the in­ mates have not 'been overtasked to accom­ plish that result. Thera has been more systein in sp.ving, and there has been more system in labor. The morale aud discipline of tho county prison have decidedly improved. There is no suspicion of politics in its management. There is no graded con­ sideration given one class of convicts over another, except such as they earn for them- selves under tho rules and the law by good beh.avior. Tho bane of ‘‘infinouce,” as the word is understood when ynit in quotation marks, has in past times in otiier penal estab- lisiimenls been observed even in the case of felons. If they have h.sd money, they liavo been able to buy consideration with bribes. If before incarceration they were active in the polities of cities—a politic.s which has had uses for which criminals can bo employed—they have boasted even in custody an immunity from many of the penalties and from many of the losses of privilege which imprisonment prescribes. All those forms of favoritism for felons have been unknown in AYnrden Green’s administration. Because tho prison ■which he governs is in easy distance of great cities the difficulties of governing it are increased. The inm.ates suc­ ceed now and then in indirectly communi­ cating with the criminal classes outside. The large number of short tenners who regularly rotate between the Penitentiary and tho slums, to which they depart in their inter­ vals of liberty, are tbe means or messengers of such communication. The seutimontalists and the cranks, tho school of legal sharks and the politicians who are unintelligent enough to suppose that there is capital in attacking or find­ ing fault with well conducted prison manngo- meut combine their activities. They make tho position of AA'ardou Green more onerous and the wear and tear on his nerves aud strength greater than c.an be predicated of any other AAku'don in the State. He has stood those te.sts well. Though as a result of them out­ breaks have been plotted and attempted, ho has put them down summarily and thorough­ ly, albeit be, so to speak, carries his life in his hand, night and day, in his work of oon- troling tho hive of malefactors, soparatod from the community, yet confiuod within it. The AVarden assigns the strain on his mind and body aud the nagging opposition he has had, aud seemiugl 3 ' expects again to have, from some elements in the Charities Board as his reason for intended retirement. The public has sustained him in the past against such annoyances and injustice. The majority of the Charities Board have also sustained him. The public can bo trusted to sustain hiiu in the future, and tho words of tho president of the Charities Board indicate that that body con be trusted to do so in the future, too. Speaking with purposed deliberation, we say that we think the public opinion of Brookljm, uttering itself through the press of Brooklyn, can m.ake tho members of the Charities Board, pVesout or to come, realize that a man of tho typo of AVarden Green and a Penitentiary administration of the type of his . cannot be dis­ turbed in this county. AVell doing is a record iu action and competency shown bj' experience is a record in oh aractor and claims which ■n-ill not be ignored bj' any set of poli­ ticians in this county, when tho press takes a hand iu seeing to the business and enlists the people in a work which is truly their work, done for them and in their interest, by those whom they have cause to trust aud reason to uphold. AVe hope AVarden Green will bear these facta in mind. He may be sure of public support in his administration, for he has de­ served it. No new man could do what ho docs so well 08 he does it now. The possi­ bility of a lowering of the tone of the manage­ ment of the Penitentiary or of a return to out­ worn methods which have been set aside in every well conducted penal institution is not to be patiently contemplated. Let the War­ den stick. I i i H a i t i t y ’s C a u s e s a n d V i o i i m s . The list which the E agle published yester­ day of commitments by Judge Van Wyck of insane persons to tho asylum at Flatbush is a melancholy reminder of one of the saddest accompaniments of our modern civilization. This list included no less than eighteen per­ sons, of whom thirteen were women, all of whom were incapacitated from being of any further service to society by reason of having lost their mental balance. But society, mer­ cifully organized as it is to help the un­ fortunate and prevent those from suffering who cannot help themselves, charges itself ■with the core of these ■wreoks of humanity, supplies their wants, keeps them from injur­ ing themselves or others and makes the best provision, possible for their restoration to health. Unfortunately, the proportion of those who having once lost their mental bal­ ance are restored to their pristine vigor is comparatively small. The greater number, after two or perhaps three partial recoveries, finally relapse into a state of hopeless im­ becility. Insanity seems to be one of those diseases which increase with the growth of civilization. In this respect it differs from most other maladies which show a tendency to decline under similar conditions. Our ancestors looked upon this form of misfortune as a direct visitation from tho Evil One, as some­ thing abnormal in nature and' they treated those who were subject to it as if they had been faiious, \wild animals. Tho state of the insane in all countries, until\ within less than a century, was more deplorable than almost anything a man of the pres­ ent day can concei've of. Modern science has demonstrated clearly that insanity is simply ft diseftse, one that can be diagnosed as readily as any other malady aud which can be usually traced to its appropriate cause. It is, as a rule, a disease which affects the gen­ eral physical system almost os much ns it does the brain matter which is ft part of that sys­ tem, and which in a majority of cases results in an early death from decline. It is a rare event to see an unsound mind in a sound body, nltbough iu actual life we sometimes gee a strong mind in a weak and sickly frame. Tbe mind and tbe body constantly act and react upon each other, but the mental force is the greater aud sometimes keeps itself un­ impaired while the body fails. AVhy is it that our modern life yields so many mental wrecks 'i AVhy are the sands of time strewn so thickly with tho remains of what wore once reasoning men and women ? Some attribute it to tho great strain and pres­ sure of modern life, but this is simply a sec­ ondary cause. AVere it the primary cause we should see the conditions of insanity as it exists among us precisely reversed. The men who become insane are not ns a rule those who are subject to the greatest mental pres­ sure, business men who bear the burdens of o Titan upon their-ehoulders, and who have to carry constantly inN^eir minds the complicated details and ■worries of an exten­ sive business. It is very rare to see a man of this stamp, no matter how much pressure he is placed under, become an inmate of an asylum. AVe might say that it is almost never that such a thing occurs unless bis business troubles have led him into excesses of some kind to the dethroning of his reason. This fact shows clearly enough that insanity is not a disease of strong minds, but of weak ones; that it is a disease not of minds that are ac­ tive, but of such as are sluggish; that it pre­ vails least among those who are subjected to the greatest mental pressure, and most among those who have hardly any thinking to do at all. Looking over the melancholy list of eight­ een published yesterday we note, as before stated, that thirteen of them are women. The description of the particular manners in which the insanity develops itself suggests. the im­ mediate cause of the insanity in most cases. In six of them, at least, religion seems to have been the influence which showed the weak­ ness of the patient’s mind, and, consequently, the insane delusions are connected with im­ aginary interviews with spirits and similar manifestations. In no one of the thirteen cases does love appear to have been respondent holds to tho belief that it will be unlike all previous French revolutions, in that the control of affairs will be exercised not by the Capital but by the Provinces, Boulanger champions the policy of the subordination of Paris to Franco. cause of insanity, although love is a passion which is supposed to bo more influential in the lives of women than any other. In sev- ei-al cases there are suicidal tendencies, an almost invariable accompaniment of those cases which mark the incipient stages of soft­ ening of the brain, where life has become a weariness and a burden, and the mind and body decline together. In tho oases of the men alcoholism seems to have been at the bottom of the insanity of two or three, while simirle origi­ nal mental weakness appears to have affected the rest. Insanity then results largelj’, if not wholly, from a low tone of living which dwarfs the bodj' and affects the mind, especi­ ally when aocompauied bj' very slight use of the thinkiugand reasoning faculties. The mind which remains unused, like an arm which is never emploj'od, is weakened and in two or three generations we see tho result in insanity in some descendant. Alcoholism, also, has been found to be a potent cause of insanity not onlj' in thesubjecthimself but in his children and grandchildren, and excesses in other di­ rections produce similar results. The obvious moral is that the proper means to adopt to stem the increasing tide of insanity in our cities is to elevate tho material and mental condition of the workers of the laud. To teach them not only how to road and write, hut to think. To exercise their minds as their bodies are exercised, and thereby impart to them a strong and henlthj' tone which, iu the majority of cases, it is impossible they should now possess. A R o v c l a t i o n o t R e f o r m , S o c a l l e d . The testimonj' of AVilliam M. Ivins, before his business partner, Mayor Grace, in the of- ficiitl inquest on Eolliu M. Squire, Monday, revealed an extraordinary condition of af­ fairs. Mr. Ivins is a young man, barely 35 j’ears old. Ho was a clerk in the employment of the American News Company when a youth. Stud- yiiig law, he became associated withp a Brook- Ij’ii firm of attorneys and identified himself with sotne third party movement here in local poli­ tics. Ho attracted the attention of Mayor Grace, who made him his private secretary in tho first term of his Mayoralty. Abandoning tho bar he learned the business in which Mr. Grace is emploj'od and became a junior part­ ner in his firm. AA’hen his patron was' re­ elected Mayor, after Mr. Edson’s season of tho office, the community was surprised by the appointment of Mr. Ivins as Chamberlain of tho City of New York. His youthfulness was a cause of sur­ prise. His entire unfamiliarity -with the methods of the office could not be aflirmed, for ho had some chance to observe those methods when he was private secretary; but a position of which the responsibility would tax the judgment of a financier and of which the dignitj' and importance equaled that of the presidency of any of the great banks of the metropolis went to one who was a little more than a lad in years and ■nhoae public service had been merely clerical theretofore. It would be -wrong not to saj' that ID. Ivins had shown ability. There is ability aud ability. The kind he had shown was such as made him the faithful and alert imjfiemont of the purposes of an ambitious patron. His appointment ns Chamberlain was the use of a great position as a personal perquisite by a Mayor elected on a reform issue. It was an act dangerous to New York, perilous to tho reputation of tho young in­ cumbent, hazardous to the success of the Mayoral administration and a satire on the theory of public office as a public trust. Tho testimony of Mr. Ivins referred to sup­ plies the reason for his appointment, or at least shows on what duty he has been employed since bis surprising appointment. He has been a detective. He has been a spy, pre- Bum.abij', in the public interest. He has been a plotter with plotters, a cronj', confidant and chum of jobbers aud conspirators, suiiposnbly for tho public welfare, certainly for tho interest, in tho polic}', under the or­ ders and with tho direction and approba­ tion of his political employer and business partner, Mr. Grace. Having been this, he now heads up as an informer and so puts his testimony as to make or to try to make him­ self seem a reformer. It is entirely |possible that all this work was necessary and justifi­ able. It is entirely probable that Mr. Ivins went into it with upright motives and emerges from it with clean hands. It is absolutely certain, however, that it was discredit­ able and disreputable work for tbe Cham­ berlain of tbe city to be engaged in. luspecter Byrnes or his men can do or under­ take many things and in the \effort can sink dignity and veracity and simulate a kinship with vices. It is their employment. It is with­ in their license. But it would qualify none of them to bo Chamberlain. It would inspDe confidence in the adminisDation of none of them as Chamberlain. Mr. Ivins has success­ fully engineered a tremendous put up job. Has he augmented his repute as a gentleman ? Has he added to the publio respect for him­ self ? Has he increased the confidence of the public in his administration of his high office ? Has he added to the number of mer­ chants or statesmen who want his peculiar talents for use ? Has he but begun or has he ended hia career in any public service but that of his patron ? Mr. Ivins testified that he knew of tho let­ ter of Squire for nearly two years. He went into conferences nearly related to conspiracies with Flynn and Thompson to oust Squire without the letter and then to oust him with tho letter. He similarly conferred with Squire, so os to play him off against Flynn and Thompson. He observed and fomented the break between all throe. He entertained proposals and he made tentative proposals of various names to succeed Squire, at a time when ho could not but be understood, rightly or -wrongly, to be committing the Mayor of Neir York to his network of alternative scheming. And in it all he was the Chamber­ lain ! He narrates conferences between him­ self, Squire, Flynn, Thompson, Martine and the rest which need only a name to be clearly discernible as consiiiracies for plunder, gar­ nished wth something very like the com­ pounding of the legal offense -which the mak­ ing and nse of the guilty letter -was. So long as tho Grace interest in the aqueduct job was dominanl, there was no break. When that interest ceased to be dominant the Dap was sprung. Ivins emerged as a detective, Squire as a pricked fool, Flynn as a caged trickster and Hubert 0. Thompson ns a man who had satisfied himself that tho letter would be made public, having done which he -was found dead the next morning, his unsuspecting physician sleeping in the next room. From ns much of this as Squire and Flynn represent, deliverance is asked by tho metrop­ olis. From as much of it ns Grace and Ivins represent, what is the deliverance ? The vote of the people in November. They are a sorry lot. The Governor indeed has a task before him, when in order to reach Squire he must hand over the Publio AVorks Department to the influences which traded with him up to the point of breakage of interests, and which now unravel a two years’ oonspirnoy as an as­ set in pseudo reform. In another oolumn will bo found an exceed­ ingly interesting letter from our Paris cor- respoudent, devoted to the lion of the day in France, General Boulanger. It gives a graphic sketch of the man’s relations to tho present situation, explains the elements of his popu­ larity and discusses the possible object of his ambition. Should arevolntioii ensue onr cor- Lord CbarchUra Laiaba Still Vswatlatad W ltb Blood. Religious intolerance is a dangerous mon­ ster to in-voke as on ally, as tho Tory Goir- emment is fast discovering. The scenes of riot and- bloodshed in Belfast, a week ago, ■which must have startled and per­ plexed the new ministry, are dwarfed and made insignificant by the dimensions of the conflagration which now challenges aU the strength of constituted authority to extin­ guish it. The city is in a state of armed re­ bellion, the two factions of its populace fight­ ing oue another to the death and making com- mon cause against the police and the troops, who, unless the dispatches err, are about ready to fly at eaoh other and make a quadrilateral contest whose end cannot be foreseen. As to the causes which have brought about such a state of things there can he no question. The Tories and more particularly tho present Prime Min­ ister and his chief lieutenant, in their mad cru­ sade against Mr. Gladstone and his measure of pacification, had recourse to religious hatred as a means of turning tho scale against him. They pictured tho consequences of Home Rule in Ireland os the establishment in power of a religious system that would oppress and tyrannize over those who did not bow to it. The Protestants of tho Northern province were worked up to frenzy by the fierce appeal to them fears, and the latent sense of hostility which tlie true statesman would have aimed to starve out of existence was carefully fed and recklessly stimulated. The result was inevitable. Had Mr. Gladstone won his battle tho consequences would have been little different. In that case, however, the Tories would have been able to make a plausible defense, oue at all events that their supporters might accept, that the Protestants had risen in de­ fense of their rights against a danger which, if not real, was at all events possibly threateuiug. But Mr. Gladstone lost, aud lost through tbe appeal of his adversaries to the very passions which are now making Belfast, the protestant metropolis, a scandal to the century and to civilization. The demon that Lord Randolph Churchill invoked to de­ stroy the great statesman who stood for jus­ tice has suddenly turned on him. The Orange­ men of Belfast are in a conceded majority. They began tbe war,with no other provocation than the hatred which had been stimulated in them. They were presented to the world as lambs whom the majority, if intrusted with power, would devour; they are seen to ho tigers. They were told to arm themselves against their fellows; they have obeyed the order. It will not be pretended, we Bhould think, even by Lord Cburcbill that a worse condition of civil war could have been precipitated by the establishment of Home Rule. Lord Randolph Churchill has an in­ teresting job on hand in explaining it before tho House of Commons. n r i d s f o - F n c tm Sbovrn by B r i d g e F i s t u r e a . The statement of tho bridge receipts for tho month of July, which the E agle published 3 'ostorday, shows the growing popularity of that means of going to and coming from Now York. The receipts for the month just ended from all sources were $58,171.19, against $46,901.35 for July, 1885—an increase of $11,270. Of this increase tho greater share goes to tho credit of the bridge rail­ road, the receipts from which were aug­ mented from $40,028.60 in July, 1885, to $51,091.37 in July, 1886, a difference of more than $11,000. The receipts Dom the carriage way were $5,429.77 iu July of this 3 'ear against $5,104.12 last j'ear. The prome­ nade declined from $1,768.63 in July, 1885, to $1,650.05 in the July just ended. This at the one cent rate of fare would represent a reduc­ tion of 11,858 persons using the promenade, or at the commuted rate by tickets it would represent a rednetion of 59,290 persons. The comparative sale of tickets as compared with one cent fares, however, shows that about half those who cross pay the one cent fare. By striking a mean between the two results we reach the conclusion that 35,000 fewer people walked across the bridge last July than in July, 1885. Ou tbe other Land, in regard to the bridge railway the statistics show that the total number that crossed last July in that way was 1,846,829, an average of 59,575 a day. More than half bouglit their tickets at the time and did not use the commuted rate. It^ therefore, results that 410,000 more people used the bridge cars last month than in July 1885, an increase of more than 13,000 daily, or deducting the loss of promen­ ade passangors a net increase of 12,000 a day iu bridge travel. Every one will admit that this is a surprising and gratifying result, a proof alike of the rapid growth of Brooklyn and of the popularity of tho bridge. It is worthy of note that everything that has been done to popularize tbe bridge has made it financially more of a sncooss. In July, 1884, under the old scale of fore for promenade aud railway tbe daily average re­ ceipts were $1,307.90; in July, 1885, under the reduced scale of fare the average daily re­ ceipts were $1,512.94. Last July with the same rates but improved facilities for han­ dling Dains the daily average rose to $1,- 876.49. Mr. Blaine in his “Twenty Years in Con­ gress\ makes an admirable analysis of the character of Mr. Tilden: Adroit, Ingenious a n d -wary, skllKul to plan and strong to execute, cautious In judgm e n t a n d vigor­ ous In action, taciturn and mysterloua a s a rule a n d yet singularly open a n d trank on occasions, resting on tho old traditions y et leading In new pathways, surprising In the forse o t h is blows and yet leaving a senso of reserved power, Mr. Tilden unquestiona­ bly ranks am ong tho greatest m asters of political m anagem ent that our day has soon. That is the testimony of a critic who has tried bis judgment in the fierce crucible of political opposition. It is an acute and candid adver­ sary’s tribute to a great man. A report is going the rounds of tho papers that the President is in the habit of swearing. It is scarcely necessary to contradict this. The President is human, he has much to worry and displease him and it is very probable that at times he loses his temper. Under such cir- cumstanco* his remarks may be occasionally emphasized by quotations from the speeches of profane men, but when his emotion sub­ sides he is perfectly willing to acknowledge the plagiarism. He has no knack of violating tbe third commandment. Hon. Blanche K. Bruce, ex-United States Senator from Mississippi, and ex-Register of the Treasury, goes on record as a prophet. He says Mr, Cleveland will be the candidate of the Democracy In 1888, but that Mr, Blaine will run and boat him. His reasons for think­ ing that Mr. Blaine will be stronger two years hence than he was in 1884 are not stated. Perhaps he has none. At any rate, the honor­ able gentleman talks as if he had been living in a Texas bat cave ever since he left Wash­ ington. The work of “ sizing up\ Mr. Evarts as a statesman progresses. The conclusions reached are singularly unanimous. He is not like the Sphinx of Gizeh. The more you dig round him the less you find. Lord Churohill's Ulster “Lambs” appear to be all goats, and A No. 1 “butters\ at that. BOULANGER. The announcement by a Philadelphia paper that John Roach is to resume business will quiet any fear felt that tho recent efforts to compel him to fulfill his contracts with the Government had sown in his system the seeds of a fatal disorder. Homo Secretary Matthews holds that Ire­ land’s great want is “ peace end order and freedom from the political agitator.” Grant it ; but how are peace and order and freedom from political agitation to he obtained under a policy that persistently scatters the seeds of dissatisfaction ? The jiig will squeal until you let go its ear. CoiiloiMporary U iiinor. “ The Saengerfost at Milwaukee was a grand sucooBS, I hoar,\ observed a citizou to a Tou. ton who was there. “ I should shust say it VOS. Vy. aoh toausand kegs of beer vos drunk .”—Pittsburg Chronicle. Liquor breaks up families and brings grief to homes, and it must be expected to split political parties .—New Orleans Picayune. It is a curious fact tho sun never shines so hot on the base ball grounds as it does on the harvest field .—New Holland (Pa.) Olcrrion. Several minutes have passed: since another Myra Olarir Gaines’ will has been found and her heDs are getting nervous. — Bits, Is the French Secretary of War the Coming Man t Hlg Beforraa !■ tbe Army—Speonlatleag as to His Fatnre MoTements—Will He Orertbrevr the doTernaieiit and Beceiae JDietator J—Victories of the Prorinees Orer Paris. the provinces to do the work. I t will be a new revolution, n o t only in Its episodes b u t In Its obai- aoter a n d in Its aim s, a n d It will be the m en who are for sighted enongh to see its results who vilU possess the power to become Its m asters.\ BuHA B ullet . CURRENT STENTS. [Correapondenoe of the Eagle.] P abis , July 30, 1880. la General Boulanger th e coming nian iu France? Since ho has been nom inated Secretary of W ar he Alls the papers of every party and color. He h a s tho knack of exciting publicity. W ith the princes, who a re now expelled from the arm y , a n d Sarah B e rnhardt, irho had a fight vritb a sister astress In Hlo Janeiro, ho 1s filling the colum n s ot news searching papers, crowding out the fam o u s sea serpents a n d other S u m m er journalistic legends which a re y e a rly revived on the advent ot d u ll tim es, General Boulanger has sprung into universal pub­ licity In a very short time. Many accuse him of a thirst for n ew spaper notoriety, and by his enemies he Is called General \Reulam o.\ It Is probable that his show of brain activity and dispatoh In executing plans aud decrees in this preseut snail pacing governm ent are such a wonder that tho Messrs. Slow cannot bo witnesses a n d attribute them to other but selfish motives. The general hails from Brittany, that northern province which still produces strong, m u scular, God fearing men If still existing In Franco, It Is In that northw est corner of It th a t bravery and patriotism are found. By h is adversaries he Is called a turncoat, accused of having been a Legitimist, a Bonapartlst, a n Or- leanlst, a Catholic aud for the present he shows the colors ot an extrem e Republican. In tho arm y , some years ago, h e was under tho direct o rders of tho Duo D'Aumalo, who favored his advanoemont and showed him m any favors; like their country. Republicans are ungrateful, a n d Boulanger's first exhibition of power was in expelling his form er protestor from tho array. However, Boulanger Iramodiatoly a fter his nomi­ nation began the work of reform ation; but a groat hue and cry was set up when It was rum o red abroad that tbe Secretary of AVar Intended to Bupproes the celebrated m ilitary sohool of St. Cyr—the French West F o ln t Ho Is of tho opinion th a t St. Cyr only m akes exercising puppets not fighting soldiers: his Ides Is th a t of Napoleou, to have the prlvatp soldier win his epaulets on the battle field, also to study aud apply tho sclonco of war in the m idst of action; then he deem s tho coun­ try too poor to sustain thooiponseof a sohool whoso graduates spend their tim e in dress parades and show. This serious Innovation dem ands time, how­ ever, and nothing, a s yet, has been done to furthor Its exocutlon. In tbs m eantim e, sraallor m a tters have been attended to; an arm y law was passed th a t tho a rray should go Into full board; several millions of francs would be saved every year by the suppression of a rm y harbors. But w h at will become of tho llttlo French eoldier without the faeclnation of his m u stache ? The right of the m ustacho has b een handed down from conturlos; it has always been one of the chief physical oharao- toristlcs of tho Gauls aud F ranks of old. AVoll, republics do away wUh national identities, every m an m u st look as one of the universal family. TUo organization of a m ilitary club for the French a rm y and navy was the next thing th a t on. grossed Boulanger’s attontlon. Hotel Splondido, in the finest q u a rter ot the city, opposite tho Grand Opera riouso, was leased, f urnishod a n d comfortably fitted out for a ll tho French ofQcers. It was o rgan­ ized a fter tho pattern ot the English arm y clubs, and resem b les a ll the clubs, only that gam b ling Is strictly prohibited. It was Inaugurated with all the groat show of flags, d rum s, feasting and speeches which sang tho praiao ot its founder. General Boulanger. A fow weeks a fter the planting of that feather in his hat, tho General received the written congratulatlone of President Grevy for Ahe dibol- pllno and the correctness with which tho review was m ade on tho 14th of July. The white feathers of tho General like those of Henry IV. of old wore omniprosont, showing the way to honor. Proudly riding on a spirited Arabian horso, stationed in front of the presidential tribune, with hat lifted high iu hand, ho chivalrously beckoned to the President when It would be his good pleasure to have the review begin, after an assenting motion of tho latter, the General gave the signal In a n at­ titude of such grace and m ilitary authority that the dense crowds of spectators all united In loud Bhouta of “ A’^lve Boulanger.\ Love of chivalrous, warlike show haa always taken with tho French, and ho who knows how to feed them on th a t la a auccossful m a n ; at least for a time. Tho boom of tlie 14th of July was hardly over When new food was given to French tongues and journals. General Boulanger challenged Baron Larelnty for having inaulted him In the Chamber of Deputies. Deputy Larelnty belongs to the Right of the sham b e r; that is, to tbo Conservative Or- loanist p a rty. In hia speech ho hotly ooudemned tho Extrem e Left, for expelling tho princes from the a rm y ; expressed it as tho act of a coward to execute such an order. The Secretary of IVar, a few years past, had not disdained the support of those h e now ignominoualy expelled; not six years ago, he, in a letter, had expre.^sod h is gratitude to tho Due d'Aumalo, and blessed the day when he would again serve under the orders of his Royal H ighnesa The upshot of this speech was that Boulanger sent his seeonda to Baron Larelnty a n d an oncountor took place with pistols a s weapons. Both of the m en have previously fought d uels, aud their bravery is linquestlonablo. N either was In tho mood of wounding the other, th a t is the only excuse that can bo ottered for botli coming home from the duel safe and sound without the slightest aorntoh. Larelnty took atm, but d eviated th a d lr e o tion of the pialol wtion ho fired. Boulanger snapped twice and missed fire. Fortunately, that is the usual results of present dueling, but then the ques­ tion arises, Why challenge a t all ? AU the above feats, you will readily perceive, hardly w a rrant fear on tho side of Boulanger’s a d ­ versaries, a n d hope on that of the allies. Still, It Is probable that those straws show which way the wind blows, and that Boulanger’s plans a re big with coming events. Expectation is great, m any are on the qul vlve. Clemeuceau, tbe chief of the Extrem e Left of tho Chamber, Is Boulanger’s brain; ho conceives and Boulanger acts. But all these universal vivas for the arm y a re antagonistic to a ll Communistic demonstrations. Tbo a rm y haa over been on tho side of conservative ordor; BoOlanger personifies the arm y more than the republic, and In principle It represents order, discipline, tho sen­ tim ent of duty, passiTO obedience and patriotism . All these sentim ents are In direct opposition to Communistic diaordera Tlie nation, in rallying round Boulanger a n d the arm y, feels com p aratively aafe, for a m an who cries \Long live the a rray” never accompanies It with “ Long live tho Communo.” But those speculations give n o Inkling to the n ation as to w h at Clemenceau’g and Boulanger’s future Intontlons are, both are dum b when consulted. Pessimists fear th a t one fine m orning France will awaken with a new coup d’ etat, lu which Boulanger will bo pronounced dictator. Every French paper has its own speculations as to the final re i u l u ot this u n u sual political stir. The Oaulois, In a very able. Im p a rtial article, shows w h a t the consequon- ceswlll be If a pronunclam ento Is m ade, a n d w h at Im p o rtant roles the Provinces would play toward the deoentrslizatlon of governm ental power In the Capital. It says: “ One m a n only has tho r ight to declare a pronunelamento, th a t Is to say m ake a m ilitary coup d’ etat, which throws all power into bis h ands, a n d that is the S ecretary of War. In tho French Republic, the head of tbe State Is n o t tho head ot tbo a rm y : It h a s only one chief, tho Secre­ tary of AVar, a n d to throw tho President of tbe Re- publiu, the m em b ers of the Cham ber and of tbe Senate Into prison, he only can give the com­ m and to the arm y ; the arm y Is an hierarch­ ical order, and whatever political bearing the order m ay have, It Is Included In the m ilitary sar- vlcs a n d tbe a rm y will execute i t The constitution of 1875 h a s suspended the sword of Damocles over the head of the republic. Tho more the Secretary of W ar will advocate Republican principles the m o re tho republic m u st be susplolous of his zeal, for, if h e does n o t strictly lim it his attentions to the duties Incum b ent upon him as Secretary of W ar, If ho does n ot barber projects against the govern­ m ent, why a ll those Republican dem o nstrations? They can but conceal tho first steps toward a pro- nunciam ento. The Secretary of W ar, who m edi­ tates a pyonunclamento, will seem more republican than thaRopiibllcans; tbat Is tb e a b e o f t h e ^ a r t to play. The Duke d'AudlCtret-PasquIer foresaw that, when h e pleaded In favor of a civilian to aot a s Secretary of W ar. Taking tho intrinslo Interest of tho arm y Into consideration, the idea Is a good o r a bad one and we will not stop to discuss that question; hut it cannot be denied th a t in that case a pronunclamento would be alm o st Im­ possible. Oambetto, when acting as Secretary of AVar,could n o t m ake a p ronunclam ento, a s m u ch as he desired to do so. If he had been a gen­ eral, that Is to say, tho m ilitary as well as the political, he would not have perm itted a m an ot letters like Jules Simon ts direst him of h is power. Suppose, then, th a t the Secretary of W ar delivers a pronunclam ento wbloh p a ts all power Into his bands. ‘It Is a n easy m a tter to out the cloth—tbe difficulty Is to sew It u p again,’ say the Florentines, and In politics n o thing Is more dim cult than to sew up again, and saw u p tig h t Is General Boulanger equal to that? T h a t Is tho question. <> T he a rm y is compoisd of two k inds—the aotive and the territorial. During war these two elem ents fight the enem y In common. But on the advent of a pronunclam ento, the active a rm y will have taken a political role to play, and the territorial will want Its part also. It will not be able to enter through the sam e door, n o r play the sam e part. AVhen tho active arm y will represent tbe centralization of power p u l Into the h ands of tho Soorotary of War, the territorial arm y will roprosont tho Provlncos against Paris. We will then see w h a t we h ave not heretofore soon, decentralization against centrali­ zation. The Ropnbllo now represents a substitution of the provinces to the Capital, tho Government con­ sists of tbe Chamber and tho Senate, th a t is to say of the representatives of the Provinoos. But this reaction which has taken place a g a inst Paris, which now Is only the seat of governm ent and not govornraont itself, does not satisfy tho Provinces, they want more. Thus, a fter tho proclamation ot tho pronunclam ento there would be two political adm inistrations, a s thero; a re two arm ies, namoly, tho adm inistration of tho Provinces In Paris, and the adm inistration of tbe Provinces lu tbolr own land a g a inst Paris. The General Convention which le to take placo on tho 1st of August will be of par­ ticular Importance. French voters m u st no longer view Its m em bers as m ere reproseutatlvos of can­ tons, whoso ohlof occupation Is to put ordor In pro- vlnolal finances; they m u st be looked upon a s fu­ ture prefects, legislators aud constituents. Now that tho hypothesis of tho dispersion of power Is agitated by tbo press, tho country m u st bo on Its guard. Tho coup d’etat of the 2d day ot December was p repared after a little discussion. The question to discuss now Is, If Boulanger rips up, will ho bo able to sow up ? W h atever will be done it Is a great mlsta.ko to believe th a t the next revolution will bo like tbosepf 1870, 1850, 1848 and 1830. In those conflicte Paris plkyod the principal Dart, and: torday. the present republic arm e d Eighty-one deaths Dom cholera ooourred yesterday In Italy. SirSamnel Ferguson, president of the Royal D ish Academy, Is dead. The volcanic eruptions and earthq'uahes in New Zealand continue. The new Anglo-Spanish treaty of commerce will go Into force August 15. Mitiime Lnlonne, the celebrated French etcher, died yesterday In Paris. AVilliam Bussell, ch ief g a r d e n e r of St. Elizabeth's Convent, a t Madison, N. J ., committed suicide Saturday by poison. Dr. Horace B. Pike, who served as a sur­ geon during tbe Moxloan War, died at Yonkers on Sunday, of apoplexy. John Hanning, of Jerome avenue and One H u n d red a n d Seventy-fourth street. Now York, was k illed by a railroad train yesterday, at Bello Dock, New Haven. John Rusldn has so f a r r e c o v e r e d Dom his Illness th a t his physicians h a r e pronounced him convalescent It is thought in ATashington that the Presi­ dent, who goes on his vacation next week, will re­ main away until October. Dr. Samuel J. Allen, an eminent physician and surgeon of Vermont, died on Sunday night at White River Junction. Tho annual race of the New Haven Yacht Club yesterday -was won by tho AVlld Pigeon, the Flora coming In eecond a n d the M arguerite third. Eliza Murphy, a woman over 80 years old, was arrested on Sunday for p icking pockets In tho Church of the Transfiguration on Mott street, New York. Her portrait is In tho Roguos’ Gallery. Superintendent Murray in New York yes. torday began an investigation Into the charge that tho police force connive a t gambling. Tho testim ony of ton captains was takon in socrot session. Fire early yesterday morning destroyed the stables of the Springfield avenue Horse Car Com- jPaiiy, in Newark. Fifty horses woroburnoil to d eath. Serei-al dwellings adjoining were badly damaged. It is suspected that the fire was lighted by an incen­ diary. The report reached Quebec yesterday that an unknown steam e r had gone ashore in Fortoau Bay. She Is said to h ave a black funnel a u d a white stripe, b u t h e r n a m e bos n o t been ascertained. Officers of tlie Pennsylvania State Board of Health visited West Elizabeth, near Pittsburg, F a ., yesterday, and discovered that im p roper drainage was the m ain cause of the opldomic at that place. Another now case of the fever was reported yester­ day, m aking a n aggregate of twenty. The steamer Flamborough, from New York, went ashore on Sunday night on the northeastoru roofs of Bormud. 1 . Tho paisnngors wore taken ashore in the lifeboat. On tho following morning, with tho old of the stoam tug Gladlspon, tho Flam - borough was got oil tho reof and procoodod to Ham­ ilton. Gloucester City, N. J., is excited over a re ­ port th a t tho late City Treasurer, Albert J. Grooue, Is a defaulter. A shortage has been dissovorod in his accounts and tho City Council haa ordered an Investigation. Jlr. Qroono occupied tho offloo tor fifteen years before h is death. Tho main sttiblo of the Omaha Fair Associa­ tion, a t Omaha, containing sixteen valuable iiorses, was struck by lightning yesterday morning. Eight of the anim als, iucluding some of tho moat costly, wore e ither instantly killed by electricity or burned to d eath. John Simpson, a groom, who was In tho building, was b adly injured. In Paris yesterday the striking waiters m ade another diversion. They hold a m eeting at tha Halloa Centralles la M o n tm artre a n d became so disorderly that tlio police were compelled to dis­ perse them. Several of the strikora wore arrested. Tho Canadian detachment won tho first prize for shell firing yesterday at Sbooburyuoas, England, but failed to beat their opponents in tho repository drill. In a speech at B irm ingham last n ig h t Mr. Matthews, Homo Secretary, said that Ireland’s greatest want was peace and ordor and freedom from the political agitator, so that bad men might be punished and the good bo permitted to follow thoir vocation unmolested by a tyrannous organiza­ tion. These ends tho Government would try Its u t­ most to achieve. In the single scull race between Edward H anlan, .lames Ten Eyck, George H. Ilosm er and John McKay, off N antasket Beach yesterday, Ed­ ward H anlan was the winner. The contest was for a purse of $1,100. and thediatanco a mile and a half, with a turn. H anlan led from start to finish, bis tim e being 21 m inutes, 55 seconds. McKay covered tho course In 22 mlnutos, 5 seconds, and Ten Eyck in 22 m inutes, 6 secouds. Hosmer’s tim e was not taken. Mr. Henry Irving and Miss Ellen Terry ar­ rived yesterday by the steam er Fulda. They wore m et a t Q u arantine by Mr. E.\A. Buck and Mr. A. A. French, who took them ashore In tho steam yacht Loando. Mr. Irving wont to tho Brovoort House, and Miss Terry went to the residence of Jlrs. Lock- wood, a friend, in New York. T h e r e w a s n o r e n e w a l of th e rio ti n g i n B e l­ fast up to midniglit, but much fooling was dis­ played a n d tho situation was regarded a s decidedly unsettled. There are now 5,500 e x tra m ilitary and police quartered in the city aud other reinforce­ m ents a re on the way. Fifty rioters h ave been sen­ tenced to term s of im p rlsonm o ut ranging from ono month lo six months. If rioting breaks out again, it is likely th a t m a rtial law will bo proclaimed. Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Chief Secretary for Ire­ land, Prince Edward of Saxo-Weimar, Conirnaiidor lu Chief of tho Irish forces, a n d Sir liobort Hamilton, Under Secretary tor Irolaud; held a conforonoo at Dublin yesterday, at which it was decided to Invest the superior m ilitary officers a t Belfast with magis­ terial power. E x c item e n t a t E l P a s o , T e x ., ov e r th e C u t­ ting case rose to fever host yesterday. It was re­ ported from Chihuahua th a t Governor Maceyra h as ordered the Paso del Norte authorities, In case of an attack from Texas, to out ott the prisoner’s heod and dollvor it to the Americans. Eight hundred Mexican troops a r e said to h ave loft Lagos for I’aso del Norte on Sunday night. A report -was also cir­ culated that a second dem and for Cutting’s reloaso bad been m ade, a n d tliat American officials had been notified to leave Mexico. At last accounts Cut­ ting had beon called before the court In Faso dol Norte, and Consul Bingham was iu attendance. R e p o r t s se n t D o m AVaahington la s t n i g h t say that Collector Hedden’s successor has been de­ cided upon, and t'uat his oommlsslou has bean drawn up a n d signed. The President declined yes­ terday to reveal tho itamo of the appointee- It was regarded a s c e rtain, however, that tho new Collec­ tor h a d not been chosen from among the subordi­ nates In the Custom House a n d also that h e was n o t a represem allve of Tam m a n y or the County Demo­ cracy. Among the nam es canvassed in counectlon with the a p p o intm e n t were those of J. Edward Sim­ mons, President of the New York Stock Exchange; Assistant Secretary Falrubild a n d Wilson S. Blssell, tho President’s law partner. M r. T ild e n ’s -will ■was r e a d t o h i s h e i r s y e s ­ terday In the library at Greystone. Tho value of tbe estate is estim ated at $6,000,000, and outside of the Yonkers and Gram ercy Park real estate. Is nearly a ll In personal p roperty. Fully $4,000,000 Is bequeathed for the esm b lishm ent of public Insti­ tutions and the disposition of this money Is left a b ­ solutely lu the discretion of three trustees whom he nam es, John Bigelow, Andrew H. Greene and George W. Smith. To Mrs. PoUon, his sister, Mr. Tildeu gives the house in which she resides, 88 W est T h irty-eighth street, a n d the income of $100,- 000. For each of the otiier relatives he seta asldo a certain sum to be held in tru s t by tbe executors, the Income to be paid to them during tbolr lives, they, however, to have power to dis­ pose of tho principal; at death. AU tbe rest of the property, Greystone and the Gramercy P a r k residence Included, is left in trust to the trustees, who aro also oxeeutors, to bo applied to several publio uses. They have absolute power to do or n o t to do a s h e suggests In the will. Provision Is m ade In tho wUl for a froe public library and reading room in New Lebanon aud another free library and reading room In Yonkers. Mr. Tilden further suggostod that a good free library, to cost probably $3,000,000, be established In Now York. If, however, the trustees decide n o t to establish the library they m ay use the money for any o ther char­ itable o r educational Institution they m ay prefer. Li the race of tho Now York yachts from Newport to New Bedford yesterday m a n y surprises occurred. The ru n was probably the fastest ou record. Of the four big sloops regarded a s possible competitors lu tho International race, tbe Puritan showed h erself to be superior. She boat tbe o thers into New Bedford, finishing 1 mlnuto a n d 29 seconds ahead of the FrlseUla, 3 m inutes and 13 seconds ahead of tho Mayfiowor a u d 12 m inutes and 25 sec­ onds ahead of tbe Atlantie. The Sachem was In first of tbo seboonors, with the Montauk second and the Fortuua third. SHELTER ISLE. Nathaniel Sylvester’s Haven of Eefuge. Where Heerre Fox, Lawrence aud Cagsan* dra Southwiefe Found Safety from Parl- tan Persftcutiong — A Beautiful Spot Full of Hittorle Memories—The Old Manor. QUEENS COUNTY PRORIBITIONISTS H o ld a Convention in Jam aica* Candidates to l>o Nominated* The following notice has been mailed to Quoons County ProlUbllioulsts : D ear s i r —The Queens County Prohibition Con­ vention is horoby callod to m eet in tho Town Hall a t iTamalca on Saturday, August 21, at 9 o'clock. A. to nom inate candidates for county ofScere, to choose a new County Central Committee and to transact such other business a s m ay p roperly come before tbo convention. Iu the laolc of any Pi'ohlbl- tlon Assembly District Committee, I hereby call the Assembly District Probibitlou conventions of both the Assembly d istricts of Queens County to meet in the Town Hall at Jam a ica ou Saturday, August 21, im m ediately a f ter tho County Convention, to uoml- nafo candidates for Member of Assembly, to choose Assembly District committees, and to transact ouch other business as m ay properly come before the conventions. A convention of dologates and m ass m e e ting of Prohibitionists from this Congressional District has been called to m eet iu tho sam e plica on tbo sam e day a t 11 o’clock A. M., which will bo addressed by II. Clay Basoom. Every town and ward of a city is entitled to five delegates to eaoh of these convonllons, aud all Prohibitionists aro urgently Invited to come. Please toll o thers of the m ass m eeting and oonventlonB. J. E. PUBLrs, Chairm an Quoons County Prohibition Committee. J amaica , August 2, 1880. 1 Special Correapondenco of the Eagle.] SnBLTBR I sland , August 7. T h e r e is ao m e thing ab o u t an isla n d t h a t ia very attractive in the Summer. Many p ersons who are anxious to got away from tho cities d u ring the healed period a re also anxious to g et olt the m ain land upon somo pleasant island retreat, where, for a few weeks, they can throw care and business aside and have perfect rest. Somehow upon an island ono haa a feeling of separation from tbo binding d u ties of every day life th a t is not experi­ enced upon the m ain land, whore tho telegraph can reach you any mom ent and the whistle of tho locomotive sum m ons you to return. This is, p e r­ haps, a sontim ontal way of reasoning, but never- tholfiss a mile of water h e lps m ightily in the heroic attem p t to throw off the shackles which for tho greater part of the year bind men to tho store, tho shop, the ofQce a n d the forum. As I write the rain is falling iu torrents,'m aking pleasant m usic upon tho window panes. The last boat for the night haa left the dock. No one venturos out of doors. Tho guests of tho hotol a re am u sing them selves in vari­ ous ways, some dancing In tho parlors, some p laying checkers a n d chess a n d others spending tho time In pleasant conversation. There are no noisy trains, no rum b ling of omnibuses, no clattering of horses’ feet u p o n stone pavemoutd; all isquloi without save the ceaseless pattering of the rain: within evor^ oue is happy a n d contented, with llltle thought of busy m a rts and crowded cities, for tho lido m ust rise aud fall before the little ferryboat will come to take the unwilling guest away from bis Summer paradise. It Is no wonder that Block Island has long been a resort for Connecticut and Hhode Island people, that Boston m erchants have sought rest and quiet a t tho Isle of Shoals, that New Yorkers have built cottages upon tho Thousand Islands and that Brooklynites b a r e come boro to Sboltor island. W here are there o ther resorts to compai'o with these for people who love tbe water and never tiro of the ever flowing sea? Yea, tho Sum m er settlem ent at Shelter Island is one mostly of Brooklyn peo­ ple. Soven-elgbtbs of tbe coitagea are owned by Brooklynites, while tho hotel registers show an equally large proportion of guests from tho city of tho bridge. Here are to b e found some of Brook­ lyn’s most p rom inent clergymen, some of her ablest lawyers and physicians, her best known politicians and m any of her wealthiest citizens. A duplicate city could be established boro with men to fill every departm ent. ’Why has Brooklyn sent so m any rep­ resentatives out this way? Bear with mo a little while aud you shall have the answer. Shelter Island! One would naturally suppose the nam e was given because the island is so well pro­ tected from tho storm s of tho ocean, lying as it does between tho two forks of the eastern end of Long Island. Not so. Tbe nam e has a deeper a n d more significant m eaning than this. When tho Puri­ tans of New England, who had fled from per­ secution, became tbomsolvos persecutors of tho Quakers, this island of M auhausett became shelter for George Pox and bis followers, and has over since been known to the world as Shel­ ter Island. Nathaniel Sylvester, lord of the manor, though not a Quaker him self, greatly sym p athized with the persecuted people and furnished thorn a harbor of refuge in bis island homo. W biuior h as told the story of tho sad puulshm o u t of those hon­ est people a n d tho welcome accorded them at Shel­ ter Island: Over tho threshold of his pleasant home Set iu green clonriugs passed the exiled Friend In sim p le trust, m isdoubting not tbo end. ‘Dear heart of m ine’” h e said, “ the tim e h as come To trust the Lord for shelter.” One long gaze Tho good wife turned on each fam iliar thing— Tho lowing Ulne, the orchard blossoming, Axiu ivnuju ivxuu, luo ulcxia The Open door, that showed the heart’s fire'blaze, a. II<^ will n»*nvMA.” And calmly answered, “ Yea. H e will pi'ovlde.\ Silent and slow they crosssed iho hom estead’s bound, Lingering the longest by their child’s grave mound. • Move ou o r stay aud hang!” the sheriff cried. They loft boldud them more than home or land And set sad faces to a n alien strand. So from his last homo to the d arkening main, Bodeful of storm , strong .Macy held nis way; And, when the green shore blended with tho gray. Ills poor wife m o aned: “ Lot u s turn back again.” “ Nay, woman, weak of faitb, k n eel down,” said he, “ And say thy prayers; the Lord Himself will atoer. And led by Him nor m an nor d evils fear.” So tho gray Southwicks, from a rainy sea Saw, far and feint, the loom of land, a n d gave, ^Vllh feeble voices, thanks for friendly ground, Whereon to rest their Weary feet, and found A peaceful d eathbed and a quiet grave, Where, ocean walled and wiser than his age, Tho Lord of Shelter scorned tho bigot’s rage. HE WAS A HUOOKLYlf BOY. P r e s i d e n t C leveland y e s terd a y ap p o in ted Mr. Michael Qlennan postm aster of Norfolk, Va., and did a good thing in doing i t lir. Qlennan is proprietor a n d editor of tho Ftr£rtm’an, tho a b lest of tidewater papers, and a sterling Democrat. Ho is a Brooklynite by birth and a little under 40 yoara of age. IH b newspaper career began lu Brooklyn more than twonty-fire years ago, when h o was a n E aolb newsboy. Mr. Glonnan is a prom inent - CathoUe ond an aotive m e m b er of tho N ational B&M yolony 'Lwo y ears ago a m o n u m ent was erected on tho island a s a m em o rial to N athaniel Sylvester and as a testimony to the Quakers and to tbe sheltering care of the sect so nobly given by Sylvester. Before we exam ine this interesting m o n u m ent we m u st m ake clear a few historical facts and go back to the tim e of Jam e s I. When Jam e s loft Scotland and became King of England, William, the E a rl of Sterling, a poet farm er, became one of the King’s favorites and was mad© Secretary of Scotland. At that tim e wonderful stories were bojng told in Europe about the famous City of Norum bega situated somewhere in the New Continent It was a second El Dorado and m any adventurers started o u t to find the m ysterious city. John Cabot located the place on oue of bis maps, but the only knowledge ho h ad of it was what he ob­ tained from tho Indians. Sterling became anxious to find Norum bega and had the King grant him a vast tract of land which he supposed would include the city. Ills grant oxiendod 300 miles on both sides of the St. Lawrence River, the lakes em ptying into the river, a n d tho same distauce on both sides of a ll tho rivers em ptying into the lakes. This was a very generous slice of land for the King to give a n d has only be07i rivalled by tbo United States in granting lands to somo of the Wostoru railroad companies. W hen tho French and English settled up their little difilculty all these jiossessions given to Sterling rovortod back to tho French and so the King gave Sterling Ix>ng Island and all the islands east of I t Norum bega was novor found, b u t Pro­ fessor E. N. Horsford.-in an able paper recently published by the American Geographical Society, discusses the subject a t length, a n d arrives at the conclusion that tho placo called Norumbega by tbo early navigators was on tbe Cliarlos River, Massa­ chusetts, between Illvorside aud W altham, a t the m outh of Stony Brook. Sterling never came to this country, but h e sent Jam e s Farrott as his agent, aud gave him the pick of two of the Islands. Far- rett selected Shelter Island and Robin’s Island. Sterling soon a fter died and Farrett, who had bor­ rowed money on his property, was obliged to re­ lease tho Islands to Stephen Goodyear. Iu 1652 Goodyear sold Shelter Island to Nathaniel Sylvester, an Englishm an, who had been a sugar mer­ chant at the Barbadoes. The price paid for tho territory was 1,600 pounds of m e r­ chantable Muscovado sugar. Mrs. Sylvester was the daughter of Thomas Brinley, a u d itor of Charles I. and II. Brinley is one of the prom inent characters in Scott’s “ Woodstock.” It was largely through his Influence inspired by a letter from his daughter th a t Charles II. s e a t o rders to the a u thor­ ities o f M afsachusetts to h ave a stop put to the per­ secution of the Quakers. W h ittier has im m ortal- Ixed this In hlo beautiful poem, “The King’s Mis­ sive,” the last stanza of which reads: W ith its g entle mlBsion of peace a u d good will The thought of the Quaker is living still; And the freedom of soul he prophesied Is gospel a n d law where the m a rtyrs died. The inscriptions on the m o n u m ent above referred to commemorate these events. It consists of three heavy brown stone slabs piled fiat on the ground with four p illars a t tho top, on which rests a large white m a rble slab bearing tho following inscrip­ tion: “To N athaniel Sylvester, fli*st resident p roprietor c.* the m anor of Shelter Island—under grant of Charles II., A. D. 1666,—an Englishm an, intrepid, loyal to d u ty, faithful to friendship, the soul of in­ tegrity a n d honor, h o spitable to worth and culture, sheltering oven the persecuted for conscience sake, tho daughters of Mary and Pheebo Gardiner Hora- ford, d escendants of Patience, daughter of N a than­ iel Sylvester and wife of tho Huguenot, Beniamin LTIommedieu, iu reverence and affection for the good n am e of their ancestor, in 1884 set up these stones for a m em o rial.” Tho tablet also recounts the line of descent from Annie Brinley ou the fomnleside, a u d the succession of proprietors from the M anhansett tribe down to 8am u el Smith Gardiner. Among tho interesting inecriptlons on tho stops a re : “ Of the sufferings for conscience’s sake of friends of Nathaniel Sylvester, most of whom sought shel­ ter here, including: “George Fox, founder of the Society of Quakers. “ Lawrence and Cassandra Southwiok, despoiled, im prisoned, starved, whipped, banished, who fled here to die. “ Edward \WhartOD ‘ T h e m uch ecourged.’ “ Daniel Gould, bound to tho gun c arriage a u d lashed. “ Samuel Shaltuck, of ‘ T he King’s Mission,* “ These stones a r e a testim ony.” Also the following: “ The P u ritan in h is pride, overoome b y the faith of the Quaker, gave Lexington and Concord and Bunker Hill to history. The blood and the sp ir it of victor and vanquished alike are of the glory of M assachusetts.” Professor Uorsford, of Cambridge, lives h ere with his fam ily during the Sum m er and oocuplos the Shelter Island Manor House, over one hundred years old, and near by is tbo site of the original Sylvester mansion. The professor Is arranging m a terial he has iu hand for a book giving the his­ tory of this interesting place. It will certainly be a most v aluable addition to the records of the early sottlemontB in this country. He kindly perm itted me to see some of h is v aluable relies and old letters and documents—among the collection being a letter from Mary Dyer to her husband, written just be­ fore she was hanged on Boston Common; the orlg- nal deeds of tho island, 230 years o ld; a snuffbox ‘given to George W ashington by Lord Fairfax; a knife and fork, with agate handles, given by Charles I. a t tho christening of a child, and a piece of the gold scarf left by Captain Kidd on Gardlnor’e Island. Near the m onum ent which has booh d escribed are several old grave stones, dating back over a hundred years. They are inclosed by a substantial fence, and the cem etery is called Woodstock. A little distance beyond is another old burying ground, which has also boou preserved by Profos- Mor Hereford. Hero aro burled m a n y of the slaves of Sylvester a n d his descendants. This island about which clusters so m u ch of his­ toric Intorost is about six m iles long a n d four m iles wide. At the West la Peoonlo Bay, a n d at the East G ardiner’s Bay.SIlt Is less than a mile from Groen- port, from whloh place there is frequent ooromunl- catlon by f e r ^ . Shelter Island is com p aratively a new Sum m er resort, and Us a d v antages a r e n o t gen­ erally known the public, for If they were the . l u ent size. There Is no anxiety, however, on the p a r t of the residents th a t the place will not grow fast enough. Its growth has already been som etblug rem arkable, and it la certain to continue for m any years, for there are attractions here which have only to b e seen to be appreciated. Those who in their ignorance of Long Island and Shelter Island m aglne this to be a barren waste of sand, to be reached only with difficulty, will find them selves sadly mistaken. It is a n Island of fertile farm s, of hill a u d dale, of dense woods with every variety of tree and shrub, of charm ing sylvan drives, of rugged cliffs and headlands, of creeks and bays and inland lakes. Nowhere on Long Island Is there to be found a place with greater variety of n a tural scenery. Tho best of b oating facilities are a t your feet. Large sized vessels can anchor h ere, and the bay is per­ fectly safe for the cruising of sm a ll craft. The air is pure and bracing and well protected from ocean blasts. There Is excellent fishing In tho neighbor­ hood and good bathing. Inhere is a splendid class of people located here; there are no d isturbing ele­ m ents n o r bad elements, a n d tbe m a n a g e m e n t of the place Is as near perfection as could be desired. Mon leave their famllios h ere, feeling confident that they are perfectly safe and no harm can com e to them. Does not this answer tho question why Brooklyn people h ave como h e re In such large n u m ­ bers ? I think It does, and in m y next letter 1 will describe how the Brooklynites live aud what they do hero. HATTER CRBHAN WON. A b o u t tw o h u n d r e d m e n an d t e n o r tw e lve ladies g athered on tho g rand stand at the Brooklyn ''Atliletlc Club’s Grounds, at the corner of Classon and DoKalb avenues, yesterday afternoon, a t 5:30 o’clock, to witness a ten mile race between Robert B. Harvey and M artin Crehan. Ilarvoy Is a light haired young man, with a broad chest and big, well rounded limbs. Ho is thick set and below medium height Crehan is about 34 years of age, perhaps six years Harvey’s senior. He la of me­ dium height, and girth, neither stout nor slim. Both mon aro finishers in Dunlap’s hat factory in Brooklyn, but a re employed in differ­ ent room a Harvey claimed the long d istance cham ­ pionship of Newark, aud Crehan has won prizes a t Caledonian sports in W ashington, D. C. Tho ques­ tion of long distance running arose In tho factory during working hours, and Crohan’s roommates put up $25 to make s. match with Harvey. Harvey’s room mates raised a sim ilar amount, aud then tbo rivals bet 125 each. Beside there wore m any pri­ vate bets among the workmen, about $200 being put up In this way. It was a fter 6 o’clock when the mon came out on the track. Harvey was laughing and seemed full of confidence. He was dressed In white guernsey and tights a n d black tranks, which sot off his neat figure to advantage and m ade his friends cheer. Crohan also wore while tights and guernsey and black trunks, but be did n o t look so beautiful. S. C. Austin, of tho &’porttn// irorW, was ciioson referee and William Robinson tim er, and tbo race was started at 6:15. Harvey let Crohan get five yards s tart right a t the beginning and then wont lu to dog him. Crohan sot a slow paeo but bold him ­ self well and moved with a good easy stride. H ar­ vey ran on his toes aud soomed to only move his legs from the knees down. He held his body up very straight while Crehan bent forward into an easy n a tural position for tho pace. Tho first mile was ftniehed in 7 m inutes and 25 seconds; Croiian siill holding tlie five yards lead and Harvey secMning distressed for want of wind. They kept thoir relative j)oaitions until the end of ilio sovonth lap, when Crehan lot him- solf out in response to advice from Robinson. Harvey attemiJlod to spurt after him, but gave it up aud soon d ropped half a length behind. Cro- haii wont well to two m iles and was thou a lap ahead of Uarvoy, who began to walk. Before the nest lap was finished Harvey dropped out of the race, but Crohan kept on for a n o ther lap. He had a bet on the lime In which ho was to run the ten ralloi, ho said, and the track was cleared for him. At tho end of tho next lap the m an with wliom ho had been bolting cam e out and told him to slop aa he would forfeit the bet. lie stopped a n d was lib­ erally cheered. Harvey's friends explain that ho sprained his ankle yesterday m o rning by slipping off tho curb­ stone after ho came out from practicing on tho Brooklyn Athletic Club's grounds. He certainly lim ped a good d eal a fter the last mile. About $;10 was taken In for tbo runners at the gate, and so tho winner got nearly $150, of which ho only slaked $25. He h as to provide a supper for tho workmen of both finishing rooms next Thursday ovouing, though, and so most probably ho will be out of pockot on tho whole. Harvey's friends a re not satisfied th a t Crohan can boat their m an when both are in good condition. Both sides have got thoroughly excited ou the sub­ ject of athletics, and sovoral more long distance matches will probably result from this state of feeling. BRIGHTON BEACH RACES. JB a y K e b e l , M o n t a u k y F l o r e n c e lliclilield f JPInk CoUaffe aud Ton Strike tlie Victors* A very large and well entertained crowd vlfllled tbe Brighton Beach race track yesterday. Tho weather was delightful, tho track slow and heavy, but the racing excellent. The winning horses were Bay Rebel, Montauk, Florence M., Richfield, Pink Cottage and Ten Strike. M alaria finished second lu the third race but was disquali­ fied for a foul and the placo given to tlie third horse, Woodflowor. Tho first race was a t three-quarters of a mile for horaos that have run and not won a t Brighton Beach in 1586, will! allowances for those that have been beaten two or more times. Tho starters wore Al- lauoke, 110 (Crittenden); Pat Daly, 110 (Harris); Bay Rebel, 121 (UarrUon); Governor Roberts, 110 (E. Brown); Lulu, 101 (Charleston); Incousiant, 105 (C. Taylor); .'(aud 5., 86 (DeLong); Gobliu, 110 (G. Tay­ lor)? aud Embargo, 106 (Palmer). After a long delay at the post a fair start was eLCooteU, witii Aiianoke first away, followed by Goblin, Governor Roberta, Bay Rebel aud Lulu. Embargo ran up very last ou tho backstrotch. At tho half mile Governor Roberts was in front, Bay Rebel, Embargo, Goblin and Lulu being his adjacoiit neigiibors. On tho way to tho throo-quarlor post Bay Rebel took tho lead, aud at th a t p o int showed first by half a length, Embargo second by a bead, UoTei*iior Rob­ erts third, three lengths before Lulu. Bay Rebel came away In the strotch aud won by two lengths. Lulu second, Pat Daly third. Time, Curiifi- catoa $9.50, $5.05 aud $23.50. Tho second race was a selling affair, distance seven furlongs. The starters were King Victor, 105 (C. Taylor); Bowen, 100 (Palmer); Rouick, 85 (De­ long); .Aleck Ament, 101 (J. Johnson); Sylla, 105 (Cfiitondoii); Little Sam, 95 (VV, Morris); Mon­ tauk, 164 (.vfcKee), and Buccaneer, 103 (Camp). King Victor, Aleck Auent and .Montauk were first away, but Sylla showed at the quarter first Mou- tauk aud Renick ran up lu the backairetch, where they were orjcoud and third respectively to Sylla. Thu latier q u it a t the Mable turn and Montauk took charge of affairs, Renick, Aleck Aneui and Banore closely attsudiug him. Renick shot his bolt half way down the stretch a u d .MouUvuk won uftaily by half a length, Aleck Anout second a neck before Buccaaoor third and vory lame. Time, 1:32>j. Cer­ tificates $22.00, $9.95 and $11.55. Tho third race was a t seven furlongs, selling al­ lowances, with the following to atari: Joe bawyor, 95(.McClay); Bello B., 107 (D’N g HI); Malaria, lOGX (Camp); M artindale, 103 (C. Taylor); Lutestring, 98 (Mehan); Florence M.,95 (Palmer); .Marniaduke, 102 (Watson) and Woodfiower,95 (Boy’©). Martindale led from the start to the bacxsiretch when Flor- onco M. took tho lead by a short m easure, and after a brilliant struggle with NVoodfiower Malaria aud Belle B. iu the strotch reached the winning post by over a neck, M alaria second a nock before Wood- Uowor third. Belle B. fourth. Fifiy yards from homo M alaria crossed Woodfiowen The fudges disqualified Malaria, placing Woodflowor second, Bello B. ttiird. Tim e 1 :S2. C'ertiflcatos $9.55, $7.40 and $22.35. The fourth race was a selling race for three year olds; ono mile. Only four faced tho flag, vis.: Richfield, 103 (Nevlus); General Price, 94 (Lane); Dahabloh, 92 (Carney), and Voucher, 9-1 (Palmer). The race was of no account. Voucher took tho lead at the approach to the three-quarter post and wou easily. Dahabieh was in front from the turn by Da­ ly’s stable to the n ext turn. Richfield was driven iu the strotch. Voucher won by a neck, Richfield sec­ ond, Dahabieh a bad third. Time, 1:48. Certifi­ cates, $8, $6.45 a n d $15.65. The fifth race was also of a mile, a handicap, with the following at the poiit; Pink Cottage, 113 (Turner); Emmet, 105 (Palm er); Keokuk, 102 (Nev- luB); Treasurer, 97 (99>}); Hickory Jim , 17 (Boyle); Battledore, 99 (Meehan) and Uaroliue, 90 (Delong). Tho start was a good one. Hickory Jim , Keokuk and Uaroliue was the o rder in which the line broke. Keokuk was in the front a t tho quarter a length be­ fore Hickory Jim , Piuk Cottage third, thou Haro- Uue, Em m et aud Battledore. On the baokstreich close o rder was takon, Pink Cottage leading by a head, Hickory Jim was a head before Emmet, Keo­ kuk next but soon dropping back, which was the fate also of Hickory J im on tho stable turn. Emm et hung well to Pink Cottage m u ll fifty y a n ls from homo when ho swerved to the inner rails. Piuk Cottage wou by two lengths, Emm et second four loughu before Treasurer, third. Time 1.45k,'. Cer­ tificates $10.85, $470 a n d $6.85. Tho sixth race was a t a mile aud a sixtoouth, for all ages, Co c a rry 105 lbs.« with allowance for sex. Tho horses to como to post wore: Fanatic, 105 (Gamp); Petersburg, 105 (Watson); Trafalgar, 105 (CharlGston); W iudsall, 100 (Palmer), aud Ten Strike, 1U2 (Meoban). Wiudsall led at the fall of Hag,.Petersburg at the stand. On the back Wind- sail took tho lead ou tho backstrotch, and was iu front until past tho stable turn, where Ten Strike headed her, and wont in and wou easily by four lengths, Wiudsall second, five lengths before Pe­ tersburg, third. Time, 1:52. Certificates, $6.76, $6 and $9. SEA D5A0B ROAD AFFAIRS. A I j O hs of IVezurly S4«000 for the Q u a r ter E n d int; J a n e .30« The report of the New York and Sea Beach Railway Company for the q u a rter ending June 30, as filed with the Board of Railroad Commissioners at Albany, shows: Gross earnings from opsratioa ...................... . . 818,007.18 Operating expenses, inoladiug all t a x e s . . 18,307.12 Loss from oporation ............................... . ....... Inoome from other souroea-tban operation.. 209.94 10,196.15 9.B9C.24 Gross income from all sources .............. . Deductions from income as follows; Interest on funded debt ............ .....84,006.89 , . j.K * 55 35 6,249.56 3,536.38-313,848.11 lutorest on fiosting debt, iboat dopartrepartment...., ■ property. Expanses steamboa' Expenses terminal i d GOOD GAMES Loss from nil aources......................................... $3,951.87 Tho general balance aheot b U owb : Assets—Cost or road and equipment, $932,903.78: stocks a n d bonds of other companies, $74,700; other ■mrmanont luvestm o n ts,$4,111.24; supplies on baud, i'2,993.15; duo by compaulos and Individuals on open accounts o ther than traOio, $22,517.45; ca.sh on baud, $713.59: profit and loss (dollolonoy), $60,355.58. Llabilitios, capital stock, common, $500,000; funded debt, $'139,6.38: loans and bills payable, $70,236.59; Interest and fimded dobt duo and accriiod, $30,274.17; duo for wages and supplies, $3,105; due compaulos and Individuals on open accounts, $41,144.03; Im­ provement loan, $120,000. Accompanying Iho foregoing report was tbo fol­ lowing letter from A. H. Man, m anaging director and treasurer of tho Sea Boacb Company, addressed to tbo soorotary of tho Hallroad Commission; Herewith plenso And our report for tho quarter oudlugJune 30, and In this oonnoctlon we call a t­ tention to tho following facts: 1 . In 1885 both railroad and boats wore oporatod by this com p any from tho boginnlug of tho quarter until May SO, on which date tho o peration of tlio boats was discontinued. In 1888 tbo railroad only was run from April 17 to the end of the quarter. 2. The Itom, “ Income from other sources than oporation,” In tho report of 1885, Includes a largo am o u n t of prom issory notes taken from tenants during tho q u a rter, for rant earuod lu siihsoquent quarters. In 1888 n othing but cash actually oarnod and paid during this quarter is inoludod u n d er this 3. Tho Item, ‘‘Expensos Steamboat Departm ent,” Inoludos insurance for tho eutiro year and the a n ­ nual Spring repairs to thothreo steam boats boloug- Ing lo tho .company. Tho Item, “Expenses tormina! property,” Inoludos a lterations to tho term inal prop­ erty m ade for the p u rposes of the Exposition, which have n o t boon charged to oonstruotlon. „ , if extraots a re taken from the report, I shall be glad i t you will allow the persons m aking such ox- tzaots to refer to this letter, lu order th a t BO fal*e Flayed on the Diamond Yester­ day. GoTernorHlll Sees the Detroiters Whipped. Brooklyn Bealeti at Cincinnati—A LI to - ly Contest at Louisrillo. Hitt Opponent Kfarvey Dropv Ont on tlie SecoDil m ile* There was a great base ball gathering at the Polo Grounds y esterday a n a a most ©xoUIng con­ test gratified the crowd exceoiilnply. GoyeriiorlllU fiat in President John B. Day's box next to Mre. Day, and John L. Sullivan was the hero of tha crowd on tho grand Btancl, among whom were Aider- m en, AflBomblyinen) bookmakers and tavern keep­ ers, while Wall street b u lls and boars were In their special box. On tho field oncircliug tho diamond were some 5,000 of tho masses. Altogether it was a great crowd for a Monday's gam e, though not more than half of the num b e r which would have been thero had tho w eather beon fine on Saturday. Tli© contest was ono full of incidents iu the game, al>- Borbiug in iutereatand such a t to keep the crowd on tho very tip toe of oxcitem eut from the opening Inning to the last. In this respect it was as If nine exciting x*ac65 ou Iho turf had beon rolled into ono great event, with nine finishes a t the last quarter Birotch to keep up tho interest continuously, with­ out any of such intervals of suspension as m a rk ordinary racing events. Tho two team s were o u t In their full strength, the New Yorkers saiiguiiio and hopeful but not too con­ fident, whllo the dofoais tho D etroitshad sustained in Philadelphia and Boston the previous week h ad evidently taken the nervy confidence which their strength as a team w arranted out of them , and they wont into the fight too fearful of defeat to p lay up to tho high m ark they did out W est The contest opened vory favorably for the homo team , a safe two base h it by O'Hourko, which under tho rule of tho day gave him three bases, followed by Ewing’s clever tap ot the ball to short center, icoring the only earned run of tho game. Itw asnok until tbe fourth Inning that the Detrolts were afforded a n oppor­ tunity to score, and they got In a single by two safe hits aided by Conner’s fum ble of a ball, there­ by tioiug the gam e 1 to 1. Tho score rem ained so until the sevonih inning, when Connor’s wide throw of a ball to Welch, who r a n to first to take It, after Brouthers had mado a safe hit, followed by an error of W ard’s in failing lo hold the ball Ewing threw to him to cut off Brouthors, let in an un­ earned run, thereby giving Detroit the lead by 2 to 1. In this Inning, on tho other side, after Ewing had boon thrown out, Ward hit a aot bounder, which wont through White, and then Richardson was given his bauo on balls, W ard going to second. 1 lion Dougun lilt a short ball to Dunlap at right short, which tho latter muffed as KIchardaeu ran by him. fly ono of his tricks Dunlap tried to cover up his error by an appeal for judgm ent on Richardson s allogod “ h inder,” and during tho kick tln\e not having boon caliod—Word stole home and Richardson lo third; Dougan then tried to run down, and on a high throw of GaurelPs—who had taken Bonnett’a placo, tbat noted catcher splitting a finger—Richardson scored and Dougan stole to third. He tried lo run homo, b u t was p u t out there, and this ended the inning, Dunlap’s error and his double blunder in kicking on a tricky play, followed as It was by the sharpest kind of base running, lost the gam e for Detroit and wou it for New Y'ork. After securing tho load the homo team played up to the higlu'st murk, while tho visRocs “ failed to rally for a cenu” BaldwiiTs pitching was a feature of tho game. Ho is cool aud deliberate, uses his head, has good command of the ball, and does not rely upon more force for success. In Philadelphia yesterday, tho Chicago cham- plojis came near being shut out by H a rry W right’s finely managed colts, tho visitors p laying wretchedly In the flold. In fuel they virlually gave the gam e away in the second inning by thoir poor fielding, tho “ Phillies” scoring five runs in this inning. After that tho gam e ceaaod to bo worth looking at, as tho home team had It ail thoir own way, they winning by 12 to 1. Clarkson was badly punished for seven earned runs off sixteen base hits, tho Chicagos only getting five hits off Casey’s pitching. At W ashington yesterday the wretched m anage­ ment of that team led to their p u tting in a played out pitcher against the weakened SL Louis nine, Fox, of the old Pittsburg ulne of some years ago, being put on the box he giving 11 bases ou balls and four wild pitches. In fact, ho lost the gam e for the Washingtons. Heally pitched for S t Louis, and only 4 hits were mado off his delivery. Oldfield caught finely, putting out eight men. At Boston yo.storday ^U o home team s were whipped by tho K a n s a s ^ ity team by 6 to 5, tho pitchers being Whitney and Radbourne. It m u st bavobeen n treat for Boston’s old “ p a c e r ” to de­ feat tho Reds with Radbourne on the box. Tlie games In the American arena were as fol­ lows: At Cincinnati the Brooklyn team, with Har­ kins pitching, lost tho gam e In the first Inning by •1 to 0. Afterward Brooklyn scored two runs to the Clnclunatls' throe. Mullane put tho visitors out tor five hits. Smith played a great gam e a t short, but was h u rt In tho seventh Inning and wont to left field, Terry taking bis place. Hero is tho score: CIKCINNATI. I BSOOKLTK. R.lB.P O.A.K.; B.lB.PO.A.8 \ 1 0 0 0 Pinknoy.3 b ... 1 2 2 3 0 0 0 4 OlMoClellan.’ib . 0 2 6 1 0 1 3 4 l!Swartwood,r. f 0 0 1 0 0 Cork lull, r. f... 1 Cnrp?uter.3b.. 2 McPhoe,2 b... 3 06,2 b... 3 1 3 4 l!Swart%^m»u,i Jmies.I. f ......... 0 3 1 0 OPhilHps.lb. . . 0 0 5 0 0 R”i l l z l b ......... 1 ^ 6 0 lTerry ,lf ,8B ... 0 1 3 0 0 KwIniS-LVo\ o“ 5° S S o\ “ \ ' T o tal .................. 710 27 17 s I to U!., 0 0 0 0 0 D 0 0 2 5 24 12 3 C/ineinn.\.ti..........4 Br.-oklyn ............ 0 scons nv inninos ,. 1 2 3 4 5 6 K.arncd run s —C incinnati. 2: Brooklyn. 1. F irst base on bulls—Off M u llaue, 1; off llarkius, 6, pire—ilr. Waltjli Umpire—ilr. Waltjli. At Louisville y esterday a great game was played, it being ono of the finest fielding exhibitions ever eeen on the homo grounds. Both nines fielded au- porbly, McLaughlin a t second and White at short particularly difiiiuguiihing thorasolves by brilliant work. The only error of tho gante was Donahue's- muff of a long lly, which was excusable. Ramsey pitched very ©ffectivoly, but three of the visitors gauging hia delivery, Orr h itting safely ©very time he camo to the bat. Browning led for the homo nine with a single, double aud throe bagger. The eerloa with the Brooklyna, which opens to-day, Is awakening groat Interoat in sporting circles, as the Brooklyna aro a sm all percentage behind the home nine for second placo. Score: LOUISVILLE. ) METBOPOUTAN. K. IB.P.O.A.E B.1H.P.O.A.E. 2 2 16 1 O NoLion, 3 s.... 0 0 1 2 0 1 3 1 0 OlRortowanriL ... 0 0 0 0 0 >Vhito,a8 ...... 0 0 3 0 Orr, l b ............... 0 4 13 0 0 Werreck, 3b.. 0 2 0 1 0 Harkinaon. 3b.. 0 2 0 3 0 Wolf, o lf,rf ......... 0 0 0 1 0,Donohue,c. f.. 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 7 0 0 Brady, rf .......... 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 0!MoLausldin,2b 0 1 4 4 0 2 0 0 0 OTlolbert. c ...... 0 0 6 3 0 1 1 0 2 ulMays, p .......... 0 0 0 3 0 Totals ............ 6 9 27 10 o'Totals .............. ]) V 27 TsT 6COBX liX XEKINOS. wln'to,' in6i c.*.... Bnnvning, I f.. W rf.. C.iok, lb ......... Mock, 2 b ...... Sylvristur, c £.. Kamsuy, p . . . , LouisTillo ......... 2 Metropolitans. 0 2 - 6 0 - 0 itarned raa^—LoQjgrille, j. Bases on balls—By Mays, 2. Left on bases—LnuisTiile, 7; Metropolitan, 2. Passod balls—Korins. 1. Time of game—1 hour 46 minatei, Umpire—Mr. Bradley, Tho Baltimoro-PUtfiburg gam e resulted as fol­ lows: BCOBE BY C m iK O S . Pittsburg.,, Baltimore.. Earned rims—Pittsburg, 2. Passed balls—Miller, 2; Fulmer, 6. Wild pitches—KUroy, 3. -OffOff M orris.rris. 2;; offff Kilnilroy. i—P ittsburg, 3; Haltimc Wild pitcl First base First base on orr< Double plays- ler, and Muldoon. Umpire—Mr. Kelly. ou balls— M o 2 o K 1. irr irs—Pittsburg, 3; Baltimore,* 'Whitney, Smith and Shombor 1 . rg, Macul- No gam e was p layed !n St. Louis, so the Athletloi escaped defeat. Ixf&crosac* Tho T o ro n to cham p ions re t u r n e d tho oom - pUmeut paid them by the New York Club In Toron­ to last June, yesterday by defeating the Now York twelve at Staton Island by throe goals to none. Nearly 3,000 people were present To-day the Irish champion lacrosse team play a picked twelve of the United States and Canada, a n d the vlaitors will be badly w h ip p e d ,______________ C r i c k o t * The Staton Island C lub’s eleven w ero badly beaten by the visiting Canadian picked eleven, call­ ed the ZlngarJ team, by over nljioiy runs. A fea­ ture of the contest was the bowling of Wilson, of Canada, who took nine wickets for seven runs. The ManhaUaus had a pleasant p ractice m atch at Prospect Park yostordoy, Brooklyn vs. Flatbush, whlob tho form er won. WORKINGMEN’S STATE CONVENTION. D o lcsfateu f r o m A ll L a b o r O r g ^ a n i x a t l o n s to Ifle e t i n S y r a c u s o N e x t n o i i t l i * Tho Executive Cominittoe of the Political Branch of the Stale W orkingmen’s Assembly has Issued a call to a ll labor orgauizations to send dele­ gates to a Stale convention which la to bo held in the Syracuse City Hall, commencing Tuesday, September 14. It Is intended that tho con- vonlion shall review the action of tho last Legislature upon the bills presented by tho W orkingmen’s Assembly last January, together with the pledges mado last Fall by candidates to the Executive Committee upon such m easures as the State Prison bill, the Arbitration bill, the State Printing bill, the Child Labor bill and tho Twelve Hour bill. The consideration of the new clause in the Penal Code, declaring boycotting a crim inal offense, will also bo a n im p o rtant p a r t of th e busi­ ness of the couveutiOQ, a n d it Is recom m ended that the delegates d em and tho passage of a n act prevent­ ing any conspiracy on the p a r t of speculators and corporations to fix the price of coal, wheat and other uocossarios of life, a n d m aking it a crim e to water stock. The Brooklyn m em bers of tho Executive Committee are John P. Egan, Jam es Graham and Bernard T. Degnau. UNION GUARD TARGET SHOOT. Giehl & \Wissil’s Park, on tbe Cyprees Hills road, was thronged yoslorday afternoon and eren- Ing with tho nierahors and friouda of tho hnlon Guard, who were celohrnting their twonty-flrat au- n\iRl target excursion. Whllo the meinhore busied tbomsolvos In ehootlug for valuable prizes, the m a­ jority of tho guests crowded the platform aud danced. Those who managed tho oxourslou woro John Kort, captain; Joseph Wlttmau, orderly Bor- goant, and Qcorgo Grau, soorotary. CnA.IOKD TUE MKE’S HAME. Tbo Orm lBtoh Dnsa Ball Club, of tbe Twon- ty-flfth Ward, has ohangod Its nam e to tho Corn- well Base Ball Club, In honor of their new m a n a ­ ger, Thom a . J . W. Cornwell. “Corny” h andled t h . hall yeare ago on tho old Echford nine, and la tho present constablo a t Justlco Konna’s. U r o o k l f n it e s Who desoH thott city residonoes daring cite heated term and who wish to have a knowledge of their neighbor’s do Inge and city affairs in general can compass this end only in tha columns of the EauLG, sont to any address in the United Btatee, both daily and Sunday includwi. for pst Bonthi postage piepMd. ■'J i I - 1 m . , ■ :

xml | txt