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The expositor. (Geneva, N.Y.) 1806-1809, March 16, 1808, Image 2

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iff* HIS BTilTAN^lC MAJESTY, ICotidudidjhm test wed's EfepSfior.J s It is not, white a French mwy still ^oGc-u-- ipjes and jays waste\-'the remaining dominions of the King of Prussia, in spite of the stipu- lations of the^Prussian?tr^ Tilsit % whilr contributions are arbitrarily exacted by France from that remnant of the Prussian monarchy, suctt^lnits^htire & most flour- ishing state, the Prussian monarchy x>ould itave been unable to discharge; while the Surrender is demanded, in tune of peace, of; '*Trussian fortresses, which had not been, re- duced during the war-, and while the power **f France is exercised over Prussia with such shameless tyranny, a* to designate and de- mand for instant death, individuals, subjects of his Prussian Majesty, and resident in his dominions, upon a ,charge of disrespect to- wards., the, French 'government j it is not while all'these things are done and suffered,; un^er' the'eye of. the Emperor of Russia 'Cerent accnsajtfofii. by which the Racial* ^o- veinment laboTS to jhstiiythc rupture of a connection which has sufesiste4iQi|geS| ;i p^ reciprocal fdvahtage to Gf^at.fijpt|aiiv anjjl Russia j and attempts kb dis^use #e opera* tion'pf l$|t external influence; by^fcich §m* siais driven into unjust hostilities for interests not her own, . % - the Russjan declaration procje^ to• jwt* nouncc the several conditions dn^TiicE alone the>e hostilities can be terminated,, and the intercourse of \the two countries renewed* His Majesty has already had occasion to assert, that justice has in no instance been denied to the claim \of ! hi? Imperial Majes- ty's subjects, • * '.' The t^minatifin of the war with Ben- mark has -been so anxiously, sought by his majesty,, that it cannot? be necesiary for his majesty to renew any professions upon that subject. But his majesty is at a loss 1 *© re- concile the Emperor of Russia's present anx- kty for tbe completion of «ttch an arrange- ment with, his Imperial Majesty** recent refusal to contribute hi$ good office for ef- it. & without his iater&rence on behalf of his ally! that his majesty can feel%imself -called upon The requisition of his Imperial Majesty to account to Europe, for having hesitated to for the immediate conclusion, by his majes- repose an unconditional confidence in the, ek ficacy of his Imperial Majesty's mediation, . £Jor, even if that mediation had taken full 'effect, if a peace had been concluded under it and that peace guaranteed by his Imperial majestyr, could 0 his majesty have placed im- plicit reliance on the stability of any such ar- rangement, after having seen the Emperor of negociation Russia openly transfer to France the sovc-'.France was broken off upon points i rcigoty of the Ionian Republic, the indepen-i diately affecting, - not his' ' Majesty's ow dence of Which his Imperial Majesty had re* <ently and solemnly guaranteed. Byt while the alledged rejection of the Em- peror of Russia's mediation, between Great- Britain, and France, is stated as a just ground of his Imperial Majesty's resentment | Sis ma- jesty^, rejection of the mediation for the re- estabtishment of peace between Great-Britain and Denmark, is represented as an insult! which it was beyond the bounds of his Im- perial Majesty's moderation to endure, - His Majesty feels himself under no obliga- tion to offer any atonement or apology to the Emperor of Russia for the expedition .ay gainst Copenhagen. It is not for those who Were parties to the secret tirrangemenss of Tilsst, to demand satisfaction for a measure] have been recognised and acted uoon in \he tj, of a peace •with France, is as extraordi- nary in the substar|cis, as it is offensive in the manner. His Majesty has at no time declined to treat with France, when France; has professed a willingness to treat on an admissable basis. And the Emperor of Rus- sia cannot fail to remember that the last between Great Britain and imme- own ''in- erests but those of his Imperial Ally. But his Majeitv neither understands nor will he admit, the pretension of, the Emperor of Russia to dictate the time *or, the mode of his Majesty's pacific negociation with other powers. It never will be endured by his Majesty, that any government shall indeta- •hiry it:eif fop the humiliation of subserviency to France, by the adoption of an insulting & peremptory tone towards Great-Britain. Ills majesty proclaims anew those princi* pies of maritime law, against which the ar- med neutrality, under the auspices of the Empress Catharine was originally directed, and against which the present '-hostilities of Russia are denounced. Those principles to which those arrangements gave ris>, t and by which one of the objects of them has been happily defeated. •His'Majesty's justificarjoh of the expedi- tion against Copenhagen is before the world. The declaration of the Emperor of Russia would supply' whatever was wanting in it, if -anythingeoald be wanting, to convince the most cred»!ojjs of the urgency, of that neces- sity nnd.erwMch his Majesty acted* > ImT until the Russian Peclaration was published, his majesty %m |*o reason to sus- pect that any opinions which the Emperor of Russia inight entertain Of the _, transac-power tions at Copenhagen could be such, as to preclude his imperial majesty from underta-i king, at the request ot GreaA-Britain, that same office of mediator,. whichhe had as- sumed with so much, alacrity on- the behalf of France. Nor can his majesty forget that the first iSyn^ptoms of reviving confidence, since the peace of Til*it, the only prospect -of succcfss in the endeavors -of his majesty's. ainbas§a,dor.tcj restore- the ancient good/un- derstanding between Great-Britain and Rus- sia, appeared when the intelligence of the •siege, of <Cope£hagen had been recently re- ; ceiyed at St. Petersburgli. The InviOlabiiity »f the Baltic sea, and the,reciprocal .guarantees of the powers that frnffer jipon ity guarantees said to have been • contracted with the jknawledge of the Bri^ tislit/goveriimeiifc], iare stated as aggravations of his majestyjs proceedings in,the Baltic. It eanhpt be. intended to represent Hiss ma- jesty as having at any time acquiesced in the principles! Upon which the inviolability of the Baltic is maintained J however his ma- jesty may, at particular periods, have for- borne fbr special reasons, influencing his conduct at the time, to act in contradiction to them,\ 'Suchforbearance never could have appliedbut to a state of peace and real neu- trality frLthe.. f?orth -and bis majesty rhost assuredly could not be expected to recur tb it, after France has been suffered. to estab- lish herself indisputed sove^eighty along the whole coast of the Baltic sea, from Diantzic to Lubeck* * '• \' ' But the higher the value which the Em- peror of Russia places on the engagements respecting the tranquility \of the Baltic, which-,he describes himself as inneririrg fro'mf his imiftediate predecessors^ the' Empress Catharine and the Emperor\iPaul ' the less: justly can hk imperial majlsiyy recent'ilie appeal made by his niajesty as r the ^guar- antee of \the peace to Be 6oncludecl ? between Great-Britain\ 1 and Denmark.; In 'rnakiiSf, that appeal, with the utmost conficlence and ? sincerity, his majesty neither intended, nor can he imagine that he* offered any insult,'to the Emperor of Russia. Nor can his majes- ty conceive that, in proposing to the Prince Royal terms of peace, such as the most sue*- aessfui war on the part of Denmark could hardly have been expected to extort from Great-Britain, his majesty rendered himself li. Me to the imputation, either-of exaspera- ting the resentment, or of outraging the dig- nity of Denrnarki His M-^eity has tlius replied to all the dif- best peaods of the history of Europe j and acted upon by ho power with more strictness and severity 3 than bj Russia herself in th« reign of the Empress Catharine* Those principles it is the right and duty of his Majesty to maintain; and, against everyjonfederaoy his majesty is determined undei? the blessings of Divine Providence, to triaintain them. Tliey have at all tinies coh' tribnted iessentiaiiy to the support of the maritime power'of Great-Britain, butlhey are become incalculably more valuable and important at a period when the maratime of Great-Britain constitutes the soli remaining bulwark against the overwhelm- ing usurpations of France; the pniy refuge to wh|eli other nations may yet resort, in! happier times, for assistance and protection. \When the opportunity for peace between G. Britain and Russia shall arrive, his m* jesty will embrace it with eagerness. The arrangements of such a negociation will nei* ther be difiicuk\ pr compUcated. His Ma* jesty as he ha* nothing to, concede, so he has nothirjg to require. Satisfied if Russia shall manifest a dispo|itiOn to return to her ancient''feelings of friendship towards Great- Britain, to a just consideration of her own interests, and to a sense of her own dignity as an independent nation. Westmimter, tysci IB. ppurtb toMtiMku*! sftfttttf *k$ ifoff&ts g/* «il^-fclfl^%' -thegr»ce*bl , t __ the c|j|itkutio|4l the empire, •xnpo'c# of the $m<& *na *$n% of Italy i hating ffceii the firsriewstimtioiwl statute of our kingctom of Italy, of March 17th, 1805 j We have decree 5 |<jini do 4eeree as follows: '•-.,<* AM&&. We adopt as our son_Prii|et MitgrniMtftllTMi ar<;h*cha]qic*Uor of urate of our empire of France, *hd ficeroy of our kingdom iif Italy. «vll. The crown of Italj shall after us *«i l Oft papers i »••:•»_ >- iWv-iVI,: February %£% ; The f riti«h Bickec Lord Hobwt, feu'v It .this port yesterday. **he leftFahuoyth, the .Ifijtk of Jitnuary, but lv,i» br^«yhj only *k* day U^^,^mim^mfi mm V Aome .of ^to^*fflm0mm$ OToachr,-jg.i)egQcj!vuor|| for jujpaiwii^^u - that fplough ,^he P«;ofef ed,#e#*tic.»A„ s . toa wallrejjcted ^fthpBriis^lMin^el. m offered to treat directly with'f ^4 Bonaparte had acceded^to 4his n*n* m default of our male legitimate and natural children and descendants, be hereditary in j they 'M the person of^ Prince Hugene and of his^ di^- and (h^ xjouaparte i\m acceawto T ,„„ rect legitimate and natural descendants, from por*l, apd had sent rpasspsrt for th&S male to! male, by order of primpgeiilitiire, to sedE^l^y, ,.... / ' ^'f^'* Qm. leport- states, that, the- Btap<4rW .R^UsSsia had dfed very $ndd<snlyl'', • ' vf -' * '*•-'' Another, that Bonaparte b$4 fallen a ^ tim to assassination, on his return « v omita{ r to Paris. .'.-',- • • \ ** Another, that Bonaparte had beendrifto the perpetual excluiion of Females and their descendants. <« III. In default of our sons and liegiti matf and natural male deicendants, and of the sons and leg[itiu>ate anci natural inale de- scendants of Prince Eugene, the crown of. I- taly shalldevolve to the son or ntxtofkin to that prince of our blood who shall then *eign in France. **' EV*. Prince Eugene* our son, shall en- joy all the honors attached tp our adoption, « The right which our adoption gives him to the crown of Italy, shall in no case and circumstance whatsoever, authorise either him or his. descendants to raise any; preten- sion to the crown of* France, whose success- ion is irrevocably settled by the constitutions of the empire. «VVI. We do command and order that these presents the seal of state being first af- fixed theretOjr be communicated to the elec- toral colleges of our kingdom of Italy insert- ed in the bulletin of the laws, and addre.«ed to the tribunals and administrative authori^j, that they may transcribe them upon their re* gisters, obserte and cause them to be obser- ved. • .•.'.• << The secretary of state of our kingdom of Italy i$ chargld with seeing the present dispositions duly executed. « Given at Our imperial palace of the Thti- illeries, the 16th February^ 1800. (Signed) NAPOtEON, By the Emperor and King. (Signed) ANTONJO ALDIK?. December 25. His majesty the emperor, left yesterday at 6 o'clock; in the morning the capital of Italy, to return to that'oi his yas.t empire.' The discourse which his majesty pronounced at the meeting of the three electoral colleges of the kingdom, in the great hall of the palace, on the JOth of this month, is of the lollow- ing tenor t « \ I see you with pleasure surrounding my- throne, Returning here after. three years absence, it-pleases m#to observe the^prp- gress my people have, made r but how many things remain yet 'to lie done in Order fp wipe off the faults of our fathers, and render you worthy of the destinies I am preparing for youl „ • ' i; ,'• V The intestine divisions of bur ancestors^ their miserable egotism to cities, prepareel the loss of all our rights. The .country Was disinherited of its rank and dignity j' that country, which in remote ages, had (Tarried so far the honor of her arms and the splen dor of her virtues.',' That splendor* these vir- tues> I ma:ke my gtbry consist in recohquef- ing them. \ \ Citizens bf Italy, 1 have done much for you j -1 shall, still do more. But on your side, united in heart as yOu are by interest with my people of France, consi4er thecn^as your eldest brolhers. View Constantly the source of pur: prosperity, the guarantse p# our institutions ? and that pjt our indepen- JjL -^?, in the union of the iron crown with crown.\ by the fury of the populace from.Milan, and that he feliby the hands of an enraged^j, titude in Paris* _ .}* It is said the emperor of Austria has given » decided refusal to the demand of Bonanajtsf thett Trieste bhould be shut ^gai»3st.'the co^. merce of England. \\^~ Accounts from Holland state, th^t n'titU ous difference had ©ccurrecl between die French and Russian Emperors respecting tf\e partition of Turkey and the conduct o|,%. naparte towards the king of Prussia, Letters from Holland also announce that Talleyrand had arrived in that country with the ostensible object of .negotiating a loan;--.- and that king Louk was about taking his de»\\' parture for Paris. ^ - 1 « . » A paper of the 9th says—« On Thur|<Uj| morning several merchants and brokers wait* ed on the Chancellor of the Exchequer^ t^ request that he would prevail on the At||nj% ralty to direct our cruisers, after having ex- amined neutrals, a not tp write the word? SJEAUCKED upon their papers', as, sccordjfl^' to the Frehch decrees, tl?at actjwas su^ient' evidence for their condemnation on arriving at any-port under the control of France, The? Chancellor of the Exchequer, we understaftdi:, observed that no such direction would be| given by the idnjiralty, as government ha^ detennined not to reja,*. any of the «ieasure§ : adopted* in retaliauon of Bonaparte**-de- .crees^ ;/ I < >._ ' 1 '? r ' 7 . my i It is not yet known whether the ci-d^vint ,om of Etrufiawill he inc6rpc|fatM with that^f Italy, or whether his maje^i^ tends giving it another sovereign,, peati while we'give the following extracts of let-' ters from Florence,- concerning' the st?te o*f things inuthar country:'. '. \ $iomce y (Tuscany) Dtcmher 12. In consequence-of the: pi*OGlamation„issued the 10th by the Queen regent of the king- dbm of Etruria, • by which her majesty has announced to the Tuscans the termination Iranslattd jot the Metcattitlt Alvtri'utr from lait French papers* <.._ - 1 M!$rt»'(Italy}. Dee. 22. : The Emperor andjKing, , seated on his throne,'surrounded by the yicjsroy, the grand; duke of Berg, ( the prince of Neufchatel, the' high ofHcers of the empire^and pf the king- dom, the high officers of the crown, the counsellors of state the civil and military offi- cers of the royal household, received yester- day at private audiences the, deputation of the three electoral colleges. These deputations were intrcsduced one after the other by the master of the ceremonies; each of other government. tGeheralR iellecomman- ?nts pronounced a discourse suit- der of the Legion of Honor/ and of themil-* ... . . . ma-iitary order of Bavaria, ^niLrht of the-order jesty answered^a^manne^as honoraMe to.of St, Henri of Saxony,\ aid-de-camp to his the deputies ks it ^ras flattering to all hisT-!majesty the emperOrof theEreneh and fcini: tahan subjects. Mis majesty has likewlsead, of Italy, and his commissary to taU possesst ^ittedto the honor of being' presented toTion of the kingdpfn; of .Etruria, arrived at •h«a., * deputation from Tuscany destmed|Floren C et&\7thittst. arid formally declared henceforward to^ve^hder his laWs. By a'tp the royaPe^uncil that he was charge wMi royal^decree of the 19th his majesty has ^re- the taking that .possession, and to recede m ate4.1S new dijnitaijies, SO comnlaiideri, &;the name pf jiis imperial'majesty the Pathbf Sp^mghtsefthtiroacrown. - fidelity, submission : 3 nd'obedience. ; There^ Ihenext day by another decree, the mo->rrived also feeprfthe' 10th 6()0, Frenph n^reh hasprderecl : that the council of the] cayalry, 1200'infantry, and several pieces of t;o«^«/^or2-shoul'd cease icr make a part p# artillery. .<••,-\\..', r \ the state council, ^ should assume thetitle of: In consequence pf these arrangements,' her ••*••• \ \ the same day the numerous suit, carrying with her fifty Waggon,loads of her Congress ®f the Unptd&fatei . |. WhskwgtW) $eh 2,6f. I The Presideut this day communicated the.fok lowing important MESS4G^,tp Congress. To the Senate Mfdi Hops* of Riprestiniativtsfyf \ __. y.JbfU^eifitaiU** r ,.....-j.» \ The dagger's \of our tountryi*arisihg.'frofii; the contests of btlief riatidns, and the lirge'lt- cy of making preparation for*w|iatever\ even\ts/ eflr^ct out relations with .themfhave'beeW itf^;. ;timated in^preceding^Message's.to Congress. To secureiPurselyQS.bydcfeprecauiions, an augmentation of ou£ tttitltary*force, as well - regular as of volunteer militia/, seems to be expedient. 1 he precise extent of that augV mentation cannot as yet be satisfactorily sug*. ! ge3ted: but that ho time may be lost, and especUlly at a season deemed favorable to the object,-1 submit to the wisdom of the legits lature whether they will authorise a coini. mencement of this precautionary work't^j-i present proyisioii for raising and organ$ai&g some additional force, reserving theinselVel- to decide its-ultimate extent on such viewsef oar situation as I ftmj fee enabifd to preselp\ at a future day of the seSsiojrt* '\ '* ' \'' s \* If an increase of force be npjw apprpvedV J subm|t to, t'Se-ir consideration the ,oi|tlines- ;ofa plan proposed In the, enclosed letter from the Secretary of\ War;; r '' t , ',, ' .'..,.»,. z ^\ 'I reebmmend also to the attenfidn of coS». gress th«S term at which the act of ;Af riilCS'l '\\^ \\concerningthe raiiitia, will'expire,!^ feet of that expiratiph *\\ • -' ^ ' • TH'j'\ hr^5, 1808. •\ \' La**** in -CM* - y3 ised *si •ad'vija^ 'j if Wij ism itabl« ft %•<! u It is I 'j»sVbtate«, sand voluni motifs in xheteriu° '.c«s^the| direct '•> to . States^; aire respective \ three niont sect ytnier appoinsto J. |States} to furnished ] suit of uni four years*, or»and pa; respeGtive A sieticethe lencanipnies ftumlidttie, [tymiies t» {jnentsj no iflicted, bt« [close confir [fines, or ba [be .goveVnec I«stab|i9h6d ; [to U appbri |r|es, ift sucV •re'^iite,: an; lartiliery, ca •dent-of the lorganized ii liiients and I •be found ex lin each state led in the rei liueh-fime ai Pent of the Bmedireci* The six t ystoffiye i Iroent ot ri-fh jlery, and on Theregiii jsrtillery to c jllie regimen' The field tnr feist of' one c pnemajpis 'c pnapay-tnas nafe, one s hr serjeaut '< |th,fe regimen ; JTaclrcarn (to consist of i one second I fcmtj,- four pixty eight p 'Jachconr jraptain^one leiiantj two poralsy four fty-eighip! ^chcpin] kaj>taihi ori< lieutenant, o ofDorals; tw arher, A mfidetti $)&£~»jt tafe trie@eriy o| suggestW*Jw|l^ >•& Mresideht pf ther ? under4xistiB < g.,,6ir,eprn.sta^^^ not.,pe^Advisable tP|,p|9pbsp tp s Go|)fgre|i5 art ^ au|h>e4^tioh. of pur^/egf laf t|*oops^!i|s>5pon ; <^ • •mjpramicable j, and also the^enga^iqgfCi organiasing oi twenty-feiur -t%u^ff| : \'''v^llTnT\^ t^rs, on/thepri^iple^hayehidlik^ M iproposing,for 70W.fi°&lfe^^i£$%t n^ra|outiihes\of whieh.are ,cpnta,ined ihithef $ pjper'\marked Mo,\ 1.-, .,\'.. ./.. .,.'-, ,^..•.3^0^^ ' %e nurnbet of regujar troops I yrtnMdptBbft pO«e>ein| r4sed^ feifnidialel-y, j&' 0'W>¥ w rslhd, to be •cpmp^e^-pf ^ui^blg.^^|ir.tion«i- ,df ; infantry, 1 ||tt%f |a%alr| a|il flymen, landQrgani?ett as 1mt^^in J ^Ke.eh^oi^ape»|-v'/ marked No, lh' \''.' '.' ' \]. J* !,\j m ,t It may be presumed ||ia|: pre»i.pus,^% > ; ^he »• -close .ofthe' ;pregeht i-session,. Cpngi-es^'-fjljljj ; possessed of such Tartner inforniation in re- gard to our foreign reiatmrisi as^wil|: %|^« • % Cfessary,for foruii'bg an ultimate opin.i^pjft'. the expediency or ine^peUiency pf % greaM^ \ augmentation of our arniy than-is\ not^'prov 1 posed j and in the meantime measures may monstrance\- pritish govs: ht. Intel. E mtssa Nto cbtna Me, fin W M^mna pbjtafttiP ^osedsiy nd praying( lefence and fresidefit pf 1 The'•« bf ^erofir* prMthe' l!he '^blll Fim|brt'ati feted ifi fnei N States' tia F %'of ^ 2^2J^^^*™? X l 20th to tl ie volunteers, and natibhal &»rdi\^& be taken for the recruiting servi^ k.dife hree electoral colleges, is of- the teUpwing: ohthe royal squar^ ^ve the path of & ent pamof tb. V.B, ^^^ -»-««»S n?he\ 0 F^ojiThu ^gerWasatl F'Roseire< ^atcKes-he fi n i a wi< f ,( ;hw as .. CQ '^ things £ .|# l^ty to- his majesty- .the Empewr «f the In- the ..event of war, ft rtrjlj t prestige'Tte cpmiidgred m£mtfft&m<wQ(i our •mllwtsirjp. 1% #

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