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The Geneva gazette, and mercantile advertiser. (Geneva, N.Y.) 1829-1833, October 10, 1832, Image 1

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^w* •*y 'V TMJQ ^i*«^»v'--^. t 5 wS j aat elJTM MEMC^^TILE olWMRTISER. 'm NO. 19.—VOL,. XXIV. S*L * wr fci» -BY PUBLISHED ON WEDNESDAYS JA1VISS BO&ERT, AT HIS PKISTISG OFFICE, BOOKSTORE & BINDERY, itfatn-Sfrcef, nearly opposite the Hotel, GENEVA, ONTARIO COUNTY. NEW-YORK. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1832. TERMSi To village subscribers, $250 cents a year. To those living out of the village who call at the Bookstore, and to those who receive the paper by mail, $2. To Companies of not less than ten, §1 50 cents, payable when the papers are taken. Single papers, six pence. .O* No papers discontinued without payment of arrearages. ADVERTISEMENTS. Inserted at the usual rates. A liberal deduction to those who advertise by the year. !Cr Handbills, Cards, Blanks, and all kinds of MINTING, executed at tho. shortest notice and lowest nrices. T DVE WOODS- HE subscriber has just received from N. Y. a fresh supply of the following articles: O CO Curcuma, Crem Tartar, Red Tartar,' Extract. Logwood, Grain Tin, Cochineal, • Aq. Fortis, Spt. Sea Salt, Olive Oil, Jacks, Press Papers, Tentre Hooks, Brushes, Plates, Cranks, Screws, T Logwood, Fustic, Nicaragua, ' Coro Wood, Ilatchwood. Camwood, Madder,\ Copperas, Alum, Blue Vitriol. Quercitron Bark, Span. Fl. Indigo, Manilla do. Bengal do. Verdigris, • Oil Vitriol, Nutgalls, SHEARING MACHINES.\ Together with every other article required by Clothiers, now received and for sale by the sub- scriber ; together with a large Stock of DRUGS and MEDICINES, PAINTS, LIQUORS and GROCERIES, which will be sold very low for cash. II. II. MERRELL, No. 12, Seneca-Streets. • Geneva, Sept. 19, 1831. 62 NEW ESTABLISHMENT. JAMES CUXXhESPXi:, H AS just received, and is now opening in the Store North of James Bogert's Bookstore, on the Public Square, a large and very carefully selected assortment of aHOCERXES, comprising almost every article in the line; to- gether with choice Fruits, Preserves, Porter, Wines, Fish; Cheese, Dried Beef, Pork, Hams, Soap; Sperm and Tallow Candles, Brushes, Brooms; Linseed & Lamp OILS, Flour & Corn Meal; Common and Table Salt, Messrs. Miller's, and Chapman's and Sargent's celebrated SNUFF and TOBACCO. Also— HARD-WARE, CROCKERY, GLASS, EAIiTliTJlSl Of 'SlOu'rs-'njinb. ; Furnaces, Cordage, Manilla Door Mats, French Fancy Baskets, Willow Market-and Clothes Bas- kets, Wagons and Cradles, Toy Cradles, Wooden Butter Prints, Ladles, Spoons and Bowls. Also, an assortment of Children's TOYS, and Mantle Ornaments, &c. &c. The subscriber in thus offering Ins Stock of Goods to his friends and the public generally, would respectfully solicit a sliare of their patron- age byjassuring them that no pains have been spar- ed in selecting first rate articles, and none will be wanting on his part to give every satisfaction to those who may favor him with their custom. Geneva, May 30, 1832. 98 JOHN BACKENSTQSE, I S still up and doing a small business on the HtH. He has just received in addition to his former Stock of GOODS, the following Articles, which lie offers to his friends and the public at a very small advance from cost :— 2 hhds. St. Croix SUGAR, I do. P. Rico 1 do. New Iberia 2 do. New-Orleans 4 boxes Philadelphia Lump 1 do. do. Loaf 3 do. 3d Refined do. 3 do. common Lump 4 chests Young Hyson 2 do. Hyson 4 half chests Hyson 3 chests Skin 1 hhd. New>Orleans 2 hhds. P. Rico &s2800 1133 1140 2749 947 240 727 do do. do. do. do. do. do.atslp.lb.742 TEA. do. do. do. MOLASSES, do. \iiih<t LAMP OIL, (pore ;> 1 tierce Rice 3 quarter casks Port WINE 1 do. do. Madeira do. 3 kegs Ginger; 1 do. do. pure 12 half, quarter, and whole boxes Raisins C drums Figs; 2 kegs' Malaga Raisins\ 2 kegs Zante Currants 8 bags assorted COFFEE, - _ 1689 6 boxes sperm. Candles, 4's, 5's and G's 12 dozen Com Brooms, (Shakers). 2 kegs very best Plug Tobacco 1 do. do. Cavendish do. 3000 best Segars, (none better) 75 lb. Arrow Root, in lb. £ lb. and ^ lb. papers - 15 do. Patent Barley, J lb. papers 15 do. do. Groats, lb. and 4 lb. papers\ 40 do. Oat Meal; 12 dozen Magic Matches 8 barrels 12 do. 7 half barrels G do. C qr. barrels 6 do. No. 1 Boston MACKEREL 2 do. do.- 1 do. do. 2 do. do. 1 do. do. ° do. do. 4 barrels Connecticut tness SHAD, No. 1 12halfbrls. do. do. do. 1 &2 12 boxes smoked Herring; 1 barrel pickled do. £ barrel Alum ; % barrel Sal Nitre \ do. Epsom Salts; | do. Madder 25 pounds best Indigo. lie retnrns his sincere thanks to his friends in the village and country, not forgetting No. 9, for tho very liberal support he has received, and hopes, by offering the first rate Goods at a price that will not fa.il to suit, that he may (no mistake in JOHN) continue to receive the same liberal support. No-. thing shall be wanting on his part to please those that will look in upon him ; and should any article be wanting that he has not on hand, it shall bo had in a few days, if ordered. Geneva, September 12, 1832. 13 No. 30, Sencca-streot, Geneva. T ICKETS aiul3HAIiES.in.the New-York Consolidate* Lotteries, authorized by Hie Legislature, Yates & Mclntyre, Managers, will be kept for sale as they are issued from the Mana- ger's Office, at the Licensed lottery Office of R. M. BAYLY. ITNCURRE]^~Mol^Y~Bought and Sold.- A Premium paidfur GOLD, particularly SOV- EREIGNS. EF CASH advanced for Prizes as soon as the Drawing is received. Geneva, July, 1831. if33 POI\\SHTKETT1LES7 T \ KT»|HE subscriber keeps constantly for Sale, a 4a, supply of^Taberg ninety gallon POTASH KETTLES treble bottoms, being manufactured. ' tho best kind JOHN T.. DOX. ADDRESS, OF THE REPUBLICAN STATE CONVEN- TION, ASSEMBLED AT HERKIMER, TO THE DEMOCRACY OF NEW-YORK. Fiai.ow-CrriiSKK.'p— In September, 1828, a convention of repi^ean delegates assembled at this place, and recoawieu- ded to your support, ANDREW JACKSON, of the state of Tennessee, for tho offiqe of President of the Uuited States. Although he had done more in his military career to advance the glory of his country, than any other individual then living, he was, as a statesman, at that time, comparatively speaking, an untried man. Grateful for his servi- ces, and with full evidence before them'of the el- evated and uncompromising character of his pa- triotism, the delegated democracy of this state did not hesitate to advise their constituents to unite in placing in his hands a public trust, the highest and most sacred in the universe. Your exertions, in conjunction with those of your brethren in other States, were crowned with complete success: Our highest public functiona- ries were driven from their stations with unexam- pled unanimity, by a people whose confidence they had never possessed, and whose wishes they had utterly disregarded; and the destinies of the Re- public, so fur as'they are dependent upon Execu- tive authority, were committed to the candidate of your choice. His term of office is about to expire, andthe constitutional duty of supplying the vacan- cy now devolves upon the people. Notwithstand- ing his anxious desire to retire to private life—a desire naturully arising from his repeated and pe- culiar exposures in tho puhlic service—he has, up- on the cull of the patriotic state of Pennsylvania— the stale entitled to the honor of having.first brought him before the nation—consented that his name should once more be submitted to the nation. We who now address you, have assembled to express the united sentiment of the republicans of this state, as to the manner in which the duties of ihc chief magistracy have been performed by the present incumbent, and the propriety of support- ing him for a re-election. That sentiment, we hesitate not to say, is one of unqualified approba- tion in respect to his official conduct, and of deep gratitude for the deference he has manifested to the public opinion, in again sacrificing his person- al happiness to the will of the people, accompan- ied,by an universal and enthusiastic desire for his continuance in office. It would have furnished lamentable evidence of our early degeneracy, and have gone far to establish the alleged ingratitude of all republics, if it were not so. For never has so much been accomplished for a nation, in time of peace, and in so short a period, as has been ef- fected for the American people by the administra- tion of ANDREW JACKSON. He found our foreign relations suffering at eve- ry point, and our domestic concerns in the very worst condition. The former are now in a better state than they have ever before been in; and the improvements made in the latter, will, with ordi- nary good conduct on the part of his successors, be felt so long as our political-system shall be maintained. These are strong declarations, but they are not less true than strong. We invite your attention to the facts on which they rest; in stating'which, we shall not imitate the pernicious examples which have been set by our opponents, but shall adhere to the course of our republican predecessors, vyho have ever been induced, by a sense of propriety and a ins* \\\rr^™ -'.•'v character k the,people, to otter•nothing to thoir iBiioW-CfuZenB, ta Appeals of this nature, which could not abide the test of the most rigid investi- gation. Our adversaries, on the other hand, re- garding, or affecting to regard, the people as an ignorant, prejudiced and giddy multitude, haye usually deemed no absurdity too glaring, and no imposition too gross, for their service. This erroneous estimate of your discernment and capacity, is an inherent trait in the character of ancient federalism; and it continues to influ- ence those who, agaiht the lights of experience and of liberal opinions, still drop to the heresies of that exploded faith. What Napoleon said of the Bourbons, may justly be applied to them— \ They learn nothing, and they forget nothing.\— It is in no small degree owing to this obnoxious opinion, that the still struggling disciples of that faith have fallen so low in the estimation of the people. Hence also the striking fact, that although they have been able, through fortuitous circum- stances, and by the uuion of discordant factions, occasionally to possess themselves of the power of the state, they have never been able to retain that power longer than a single year. Guidod by the principles to which we have re- ferred, we approach you with an exposition of public affairs, to which we respectfully invite the dispassionate consideration of the candid men of all parties; and into the accuracy of which we challenge the severest scrutiny. Our Foreign Relations. Among the many interesting and important sub- jects which, in 1829, demanded the prompt atten- tion of the new executive, the condition of our TRADE WITH THE BRITISU COLONIES in ourvicin- ity^, was deservedly placed in the front rank. Ev- ery prior administration had labored to effect an arrangement, by which that trade could be placed on terms of reciprocal advantage. Their best ef- forts had proved unavailing; and although, from the nature of the subject, cither party might have originally declined any arrangement, and even refused all intercourse, without thereby affording to the other just cause of offence, the matter, du- ring the preceding administrations, had taken a direction which made its amicable adjustment in- dispensable to the preservation of friendly relations between-the two countries. Our government had, from time to time, abandoned the several points in dispute, until at length it had come dovv n to the terms which Great Britain had herself proposed. Even those terms, though twice offered by her, not only to us but to other nations, she now refu- sed to us; and refused too in a manner which, though courteous in point of form, had carried with it a sting but little calculated to reconcile us to tho result. So hopeless, in the opinion of the late President, had all attempts to adjust the mat- ter become, that in his last message upon the sub- ject, he not only announced to congress the entire failure of all previous negotiations on our part, but added that the British government, \ by the prin- ciples it bad assumed, with reference to the sub- ject, had precluded even the means of negotiation.\ Not apt to bo discouraged by adverse circum- stances, and sensible that his constituents would expect from him at least one serious effort to biing aooivWm equitable settlement of this question, the President bestowed upon the subject his earliest attention. It appeared from the official reports of Mr. Gallatin, that tho failure of his negotiation was principally chargeable to excited feelings on the part of British statesmen, which had grown out of the course of our government, and which had impressed them with a belief that we\ tfesirecr- to take advantiige of the supposed dependence of the colonies upon our trade for their necessary supplies, and to exact from them unequal and un- reasonable terms. The sagacious mind of tho President was not long in arriving at the conclu- sion, that unless these unfavorable impressions could bo effectually removed, no benefit could be expected from the mission of Mr. McLane. Sin- cerely desirous to cultivate the most liberal rela- tions with Great Britain, and anxious to place his country in this respect, as well as in all other mat- ters, clearly in the right, Mr. McLane was instruc- ted, in-conformity to what had always been the President's own views of the matter, and in uni- son with the well ascertained sentiments of a great majority of the people, to mul'.e such explanations as wore consistent with tho facts as they actually existed. In thus adopting a course, demanded by that spirit of frankness and sincerity which has so cm- inentlv distinguished his public conduct, the Pres- ident \did but act in accordance with tho practice of other nations similarly circumstanced. He was also induced by like considerations to provide for the event of the fuilurc of his efforts. With this i .:..,. sr- IU.-L-IO •• •>» ;v!::;.\;il \ nl; \ |lp \ state, that \the President would consider it his duty, in case the negotiation should eventuate un- favorably, to recommend to Congress an extension of the interdict then existing as to the West India possessions of Great Britain only, to thuso which she holds in the northern parts'of this continent, and the adoption of proper mgajurcs for enforcing its rigid observance, as a course which would in his judgment, best comport, in such an event, with the interest of the United States, and corres- pond with the respect which is due to tlio charac- ter and past conduct of this government.\ By tins ho intended to put to its only effectual test, the retaliatory system upon which wo had acted, but which had been hitherto only partially executed. The honest and intrepid warriorllien at the head of the British cabine'. who, whatever may have been the errors of his political faith, desired no un- necessary bickerings between the two govern- ments, responded in good faith to the overtures addressed to him. The,laudable design of the President was accomplished ; existing prejudices were subdued; a just confidence on the parlof tho British cabinet in the sincerity and rectitude of our intentions was established, and u willingness avow- ed to meet the question in a proper spirit. The principal difficulty was thus happily overcome.— The terms to which we had offered to agree, had been repeatedly placed before the British govern- ment by the late administration. The President was determined to accept of nothing less; and he vyould, as matters then stood, have made himself ridiculous by asking more. They were at length, assented to by Great Britain, and an arrangement, upon that precise basis, was finally concludod.— This arrangement, and the circumstances under which it was made, were calculated not only to secure to the respective parties the full advantages of a trade highly favored by nature, and which nothing but the pcrverseness and obliquity of hu- man passions could ever have interrupted, but also to establish thoso liberal and friendly relations be- tween the two.countries, which it is so much our interest and true policy to cherish with all nations. How was this result received by the leaders of the opposition ? As an index of character, and a test of their claims to public confidence, the-ques- tion is by no means an unimportant one. Did they, as good citizens, rejoice in the accomplish- ment of an object in respect to which they had af- fected so much interest and solicitude? Far, very far from it. The course of some of them, on the contrary, was marked by feelings and practices unworthy of the stations they occupied, and cal- culated to excite the deepest disgust in every can- did bosom. Whilst the negotiation was in pro- gress, and when Congress were asked, in antici- pation of the event that followed, to pass a .law which would enable the President to carry the ar- rangement into effect if agreed upon in the recess, the supposition that such a settlement of the ques- tion was at all practicable, was scouted at as a \ cunningly devised fable,\ invented by the ad ministration, and designed to, influence the then approaching elections! And although the com- munication of the papers was of necessity confi- dential, the names of members of Congress were referred to in the opposition journals, for authority that they had seen nothing to warrant such an ex- pectatoin .' When their worst fears were realized by the accomplishment of that very measure, the anticipation of which they had derided as unfound- ed and deceptive, every engine that party spleen and personal jealousy could devise, was set in motion to misrepresent its character, and detract ana\ speech^ wYtJiffnTOiSfv^y,? \.ifRSalVfe prove that a circuitous, and in its moral character, a smuggling trade, was preferable to an equal and direct, an open and an honorable intercourse; and that the arrangement concluded upon—for their efforts to obtain which, the (ate administration had claimed so much merit—was absolutely worthless! Finding that this palpable hypocrisy deceived nobody, and injured none but those who practised it, the more intelligent, though not more scrupu-, lous of the party, gave a different direction to the labors of faction. They suggested that the patri- otic and successful exertions of the President in this important matter, could not only be dispara- ged with the people ; but that other feelings could at tho same time be gratified, by rejecting the nom- ination of the fate Secretary of State, who had been a conspicuous actor in the negotiation, and who.m, by a strange and unnatural combination of interests, they had gotten within their power. To give color to tho act, documents which had been, twice formally communicated to Congress, once before and once after the conclusion of the ar- rangement, and which for more than a year had escaped censure or remark, were selected for per- version and sinister condemnation ; and the more effectually to conceal from the people the real mo- tives of its authors, charges of a sacrifice of na- tional character, and lamentations over the wound- ed honor of the country—of which it is hard to say whether the falsehood or the folly is most con- spicuous—were fulminated from high places, and echoed through tho land! Full surely did they think the game a safe one ; and already did they fancy their intended victim at their feet. But the absurd and hypocritical pretences by which the concealment was attempted to be accomplished, were, too soon for tfause vyho uttered them, expo- sed to the scorn and condemnation they deserved. Whilst the actors in this conspiracy were enjoy- ing, in anticipation, the fruits of their deception • and violence, THE PHOPLE were, in their own way, arriving at the real truth, notwithstanding. the artful disguises it had been made to wear.— The found no difficulty in discovering that the true motives which recommended the rejection to its | authors, and to those who sought to justify it, were to be found in a vain hope on tho part of some, that they might thus expunge the record of their, traitorous propensities during the late war with | Great Britain, by playing the braggart towards | her in time of peace; in an equally vain hope on j the part of others, that by raising a new and more | exciting question, they might divert the public at- tention from the contemplation, and consequent condemnation, of their official agency in the for- mer unsuccessful negotiations; and in the person- al hatred of others, who', like their associates, chose to regard the individual to be immolated, in the character of a rival. An interpretation, the truth of which is vouched for by the just judgment of the people, and which will be given to the transaction so long us its memory shall endure.— It is also gratifying to believe that the nation will soon place upon it an additional mart which will prominently and for ever shine forth in tne history of our country, to assure the faithful public servant that he may relv upon the people in the hour or persecution ; and to admonish unprincipled in- triguers, that thoir best concerted schemes, when directed to the accomplishment of selfish and im- proper ends, will prove both abortive and dis- graceful. Our claims upon FRANCE had occupied a large , sliare of the attention of Government, and been the subject of reclamation and discussion for twen- ty years; during which our ministers at the French court, Messrs. Barlow, Crawford, Gallatin and Brovvh, had successively been charged with their prosecution. -The best exertions of those minis- ters had not only been unsuccessful, but no male- rial advances h.id been made. On the contrary, the negotiation had in effect been for several years suspended, by a preliminary question, in res|rect to which each party had, to all appearance taken its final stand m f ivor ofits own pretensions. 'I he subject was spoken of in tho President's first mes- sage, in a manner which excited the lively sensi- bility of the French Government, aud attracted the attention of the European press. The new character thus given to the affair, was followed up by an active, and on our part, a persevering pros- ecution of the nogotiatiou; the preliminary ques- tion was disposed of without prejudice t'j our rights; and the discussions upon the merits pushed with WHOOE? M«p. im% this arrangement they will realize u very large sum of monoy, the receipt of which they hud long ceased to hope fur, except as the result of some unforeseen emergency in which the friendship of this country might be indispensable to France. Thus was another long-standing and fruitful source of irritation speedily and happily extinguished. But important as the adjustment of our claims upon France undoubtedly was, it was by no means the most interesting branch of thola'o negotiations with that country. Under the eighth article of the treaty by which Louisiana was ceded to us, France claimed perpetual pnvileges in our ports of entry within the ceiled territory; which Would have con- flicted, at the present tune, with many of our most important commercial regulations, and have cur- tailed jap-it iiijurioii-ly the power of our govern- ment Wer the subjeet in future; a claim which we contended was not warranted by a just con- struction^ nf that instrument, whatever plausibility it might derive from its phraseology, and to which nothing short of necessity could have induced tho United Htates to submit.\ This important demand was nevcrthcU'i.s strenuously insisted on by France, and had been wielded by her with so much success us to enable her not only to avoid tho settlement of our claims-, but also to avoid an admission, or even an explicit denial, of their validity. This interesting and embarrassing subject u'us also dis- posed of by the, tiealy, in which Franco relin-. quished for ever the claim referred to. By the same treaty, she reduced her duties upon our fine cotton to an amount which will place it in her markets upon an equal footing with cation of the same quality grown elsewhere—thus removing a discrimination which had operated very injuriously ceived, nevertheless, the early attention of Presi- dent Jackson ; and notwithstanding the proverbial repugnance of the Spanish government to make any changes in their commercial regulations, and the wefl-known difficulty of bringing them to a de- cision upon nny^subject, his remohslrances in re- gard to the duties, have been crowned with suc- cess. That government had given to the late ad- ministration an explicit refusal to satisfy our claim; and tho whole subject had been laid by the late President before Congress, where it remained at the time of Gen. Jackson's accession to office. Not satisfied with the reasons on which Spain rest- ed hir refusal to do us justice, the President di- rected the negotiation to be renewed, under new instructions, and it has ever since been prosecuted with unremitted attention. The question is now understood to be an open one, and to promise a successful issue. It only remains for Gen. Jackson to effect a sat- 3SO UJl- Bferrejd iv e tile isfactory settlement of these claims, and those u on NAI'LI: , (which were very until after an adjustment with France,) to gi crowning grace to his administration of our foreign European affairs; and, as the results of a direct and fiank diplomacy so creditable to our national ch:iractcr,.aii(l so much in accordance with the re- publican habits of p,ur people, to place our relations with all the governments of the old world, upon a ba*sis of durable honor and prosperity. . The state of our relations with several of the A- merioan States, was still more unpropitions.— With tiro neighboring republic of Mexico, they were of a peculiarly delicate and difficult nature.' 'Correctly considered,' more importance is to be at- tached to our intercourse with this'than with any to us—in consideration ofa stipulated reduction of other nation : for, in addition to other interests, our duties upon her wines; a reduction which it [ \' ' '\ ' ,-....... comported with the policy of the United States to make, and which subsequent legislation has shown, would have been made if that treuty hud never been entered into. The whole affair was also so arra/iged, as to relievo,the country frotn the em- barrassments which resulted from the treuty of 1801, by precluding all prctencb that any portion of the private claims had been applied to the\ ex- tinguishment of the d. inand.s of France; thereby avoiding those incessant applications to Congress which have grown out of that treaty. The whole matter, as well between the two countries, as be- tween us and our citizens, was forever disposed of, and the relations between the. furnicr respuct! from any incumbrance which might impede their improvement or generate future contention ; leav- ing Hie government and people of France most favorably impressed towards us, and sincerely anxious to extend their social as well as commer- cial intercourse with the United Staler. The results of this nesoliation were so brilliant, and to the oposition so overpowering, that in spite of their habitual proneness to misrepresentation, they have been compelled to allow the whole aflVir to pass to its consummation without cavil or oyen criticism. Although the subject was one of much complexity, and of great and conceded difficulty, no curiosity bus been evinced to pry into the in- structions and correspondence, to see how tho dif- ficulties, preliminary and otherwise, which here- tofore proved so insurmountable, have been obvi- ated ; andawhethcr perchance our national charac- ter may not, in some form or other, havo been compromittcd. The subject has been treated, as is the habit of republicans when the servants of the people perform their duties successfully, with geneial expressions of approbation *, and on their part, with sincere manifestations of continued!, ^nnctonce IV^* °\ l,,u,m ' \• P»\>>^ s\«u travel been accomplished by one of the opposition, what shouts of applause would their man-worshipping spirit have drawn out, and to what labored expo- sition's of tho various udvantagos acquired would 1 1 there is none which more directly tests the charac- ter of our government. Situated as vVe are in re gird to that country, an appropriate opportunity was presented for proving the truth of those pre- tensions to moderation, disinteredness and strict justice, which wo claim to bo the distinc- tive* attributes of a republican government, and which were so happily illustrated by the Presi- dent's rule of \-asking for nothing that is not clear- ly right, and submitting to nothing that is wrong;\ or on the other hand, for justifying the misrepre- sentations of the nature and tendencies of free governments, so constantly propagated by those whose interest and inclination it is to subvert them every where. It was evident that the course of affairs between us and our neighbor excited the attention, and was closely watched by some of the governments of the old world ; probably with the expectation, and possibly with the hope, that we would justify these aspersions, by the exhibi- tion of a desire for unjust acquisition, and a want of true respect for the rights of others. Unfortu- nately the temper and conduct of the Mexican au- thorities were such, af the time of Gen. Jackson's induction into office, as to render the establish- ment and preservation of a liberal and friendly intercourse with that country a matter of extreme difficulty. Tho deep-rooted prejudices of the peo- ple of several of the States composing that con- federacy, had been manifested in proceedings of tho most offensive nature ; proceedings which vi- olated tho rospect due to the diplomatic character, and placed the personal safety of our minister re- sident there in no small degree of danger; pro- ceedings which the general Government had nei- ther tne power nor the inclination to provent.— The ratification of a commercial treaty, which had been negotiated, under many embarrassments, with tho executive authority was for years suspen derj in ttieir Congress, and ultimately acted upot feeling a speedy settlement of tfi& i claims of our citizens ; in the abolition of the objlecljioiiable dq, ties, by which our trade l, a3 been\ so ifntf«?usly .affected ; and m establishing the most <H$8» re- lations between the two republics. We point, fellow-citizens, with pride anil grat- ification, to the elevated and honorable position. which, under the present administration, ourioy. eminent has assumed and maintained in its infer- \ course with all the nations of the world; 'witb, pride, as American citizens, jealous of the charac* ter and scrupulous of tho honor of oar country: with gratification, as the friends of tjio Patriot and Statesman, to whoso purity of intention, firmness ,and honest diplomacy, we may ascribe these great results.* Since tho foundation-of tlio government, no such evidences of universal con- fidence—of a cordial desire to cultivute friendly relations—havo been manifested toward as. la all countries the rights of our citizens have been, respected, and the character and conduct of flie President admired; and' in no instance, durjpg; his administration, has our national reputation been allowed to suffer, or-have our national interests been involved. The uniform results of his labors have been to removo old sources of dispute and; initation, without creating, in n single instance, except the stand taken in behalf of our hardy whalemen, now grounds of contention. Wher-. over tho rights of our citizens have been invaded; there also has tho protecting arm of the govern-, ment been felt. This duty, however, has been so performed as not to invade the rights of others; and although in a recent instance of prompt inter- ference in behalf of onr greatly injured country- men, it was attempted to make the severe but just and salutary punishment inflicted upon tho authors of the aggression, subservient to the in- terests of faction, tho experiment not only failed, but was made to recoil upon its inventors.. Soch, as we sincerely believe, was the state of our For- eign Relations when ANDREW JACKSON assumed! tho direction of them ; such were the difficulties he has had to encounter; and such are the signal* benefits he has achieved for his country. Tho limits of this address will not allow us to do any thing like justice to General JACKSON'S ad- ministration of our Domestic concerns. In tbo discharge of the various duties of his high offico,^* .3 there are very many of his official acts which, \ .j| though strongly indicative of tho character of tite, man, have attracted but littlo notice, from the lim- ited nature of their operation. Those who have attentively observed their general _ course/\ will have seen in them the evidences of an active.and scrupulous regard for the interests of the people^ and an adherence to the sound principWof tho ^ Constitution, that would havo reflected credit up- on the Executive department in the. proudest days of the Republic. A brief notice of a few of tho most prominent measures of his administration, is all that can be attempted. The Indian Question, Of these, his management of INDIAN AFFAUIS- is recommended to your special notice, as well by the extreme importance of the subject, as by the- success which has distinguished the prosecution of it. This matter having been unhappily connected with party politics, has shared the fate of all polit- ' ical questions—it has been made the subject of all sorts of misrepresentation, and has been subjected to a treatment in which the real interests concern\.- cd have been sacrificed to political effect. To theso ends, much has been written and more said; and yet tho merits of tho subject may be presented, iu. very fpw words. From the administration of Gen. Washington, to •ywent day., lha-ooiiuy of-'ihe federal- gavern- d'a the Indian tribes in any <lecre« sub- tlie public have been condemned to listen! Our claims upon DENMARK, wore not foss an-/ nanced by tho Mexican authorities. cient, and our previous efforts to obtain sutifaetion quite as ineffectual. Tliut government had offer- ed, as its ultimatum, a sum which the U'. States could not for a moment think of receiving, it be- ing considerably less than one third of the amount agreed upon. Such was tho state of things when the first instructions of the present administration were sent to our minister at that court. Tho whole affair was finally and speedily adjusted, upon terms which it was previously ascertained would be satisfactory to the claimants themselves. The sum of sU liuitHrcd and fifty thousand dollars was securred to our citizens, in satisfaction of claims which had,-for the last twenty yours, been the subject of unavailing reclamation. The course pursued by the opposition towards tho administration in regard to this uegotiatijii, is illustrative of that which has been adopted in al- most ull other respects. Not knowing that the a- mount agreed upon had received the previous sanction of the cluimants, the <. miitry was flooded With false and exugeruted accounts of the nominal amount of the claims, and the administration every where charged with having Sacrificed the interests of ourcitizensto promote its own popularity ; and to fill the measure of injustice nnd ingratitude, a vast majority of the claimants under the French and Danish treaties, who are beyond all doubt in- debted to the elevation of Gi-nciul Jackson to tho presidency for the millions they had looked upon as lost, but are now to receive, do, at this vrry: moment, countenance the grossest and vilest mis- lepresontatitins of Ilia character and of the metis-, urcM of his administration. To cenclude a treaty with the Sublime Porte,' by which our trado with 'IYUKF.Y would be plarrd, upon a favorable and permanent footing, and a . fiee pas-age to the Blarh r^ea secured to our nav- So extrava- gant had they become in this respect, that scarce- ly a meeting of our militia could take place on the frontier, which did not givo rise to reports of an intention to invado their territory; and the sailing of one of our national vessels, with tho design of touching upon their coast, was readily tortured in- to a wailiku movement on our part; und to con- summate the difficulties, the government had pas- sed into the hands of that party in the country, which then considered opposition to the supposed views of the United States as one of its most ma- torinl duties. The character of our government required, and justicn to all our public functionaries demanded, that the authorities of Mexico should be made sen- sible of theillib&riility and injustice of their course. It was matter of high obligation to make tbem understand that acts of suspicion, so extensively compromising our national character and national lights, could no longer bo tolerated. To do this effectually, and yet preserve what was so sincere- ly desired—pence and honost friendship between tho tv. o republics, called for the full but discreet exercise of that decision, energy and sagacity for which On. Jackson is so eminently distinguish- ed. Those invaluable qualities were accordingly most sucres-sfully employed. His expostulations with the Mexican ministry were of a nature to carry < onyictioii, to reluctant minds, of tho sincer- ity and fairness of his motives, and of his deter- tum.'!tii>n, at the simp time, to sustain at al! haz- ards the interests and the honor of hit country : and tho effect was nccclernted by their knowledge of his character. A radical change was effected. Tho new minister sent to Mexico was received with great kindness ; the commercial negociation which had been so long pending, was brought to a satisfactory ranclusion by a treaty, which has its power that woo Id condt&e^o'thetrWilfarey and in some degree atone for the injustice which our ancestors, treading in the footsteps of civilized man in every other country, had done to their race, has been omittod. Whatever those who envy and traduce us abroad, or fanatics and partisan,decla1rn- crs nt home, may say to the contrary, it is but jus- tice to ourcountry to affirm that overy administra- tion of the general government \ns, in this respect at least, stood without repioaoh. But it isequallv true, that tbo success of their exertions lias not been equal to their wishes, and that the condition of tho Indians has been every day growing worse. Tho futility of nil ottempts to. raise \then* to n commeico in the Mexican ports upon the footing of the most favored nations, contains several val- uablo stipulations for the security of the inland trade between the two countries; good feelings between the two republics have been restored ; and although disturbances have recently arisen in the states adjoining to us, in which Americans igation and commerce, had long been an object of been duly ratified, and vvhi'.h, besitles placing our deep solicitudo Willi our government, and had en-, --' ' ' »'-• : — —•- •'— <••-••:-- gaged its attention as far back us the administra- tion of Mr. Jefferson. Successive efforts had sub- j sequently been made to effect it, and more partic-j ularly by the late, administration und that which immediately preceded it; but though prosecuted' with assiduity, those efforts proved unsuccessful. ( , The negotiation, which had been rccejitly broken , who have expatriated themselves. Have doubtless off, was revived by the present Executive; and' taken part, against tho wishes of their govern- with that good fortune* which hns in so eminent a meal, the slightest suspicion of an interferancc degree distinguished his public life, und which can , on our part has never been expressed. Mexicans never long continue without good conduct, our ut- of all parties appear to entertain true views of the most wishes have been realized. Although there J character of tho President, and to place a prop- was some cavil in Congress about the appointment cr estimate upon his and the country's just and of the commissioners, the vast importance of the j f r j e ndly feelings toward? them. Although an interests acquired by the treaty, the well-directed j important question of boundary remains to be ad- ami ably-conducted efforts by which it was sccur-! justed, and although conflicting settlements have red, and the satifictory character of\ the terms been made u'ider the respective authorities, the of the agreement, have been usscnted to and quiet of l^,c frontier has hitherto been preserved warmly applauded by ull candid men. i by cor.'ccrtod action; and there is good reason to PomTf.Ax having fur u long time evaded the pay-' M> B%0< whoever maybe placed in authority in ment of claims upou her in behalf of our < inzetis,, \; ex i COi that the very best understanding will be which though imnnsidcrable in amount, were COD maintained between thn two countries, ceded to be just, had more recently committed - ,\- o ur a ff„irs with tho Republic of Colombia par- tensivo depredations upon our commerce, and ma!-, t00 ] c largely of the same character. Gen. Boli- treated our citizens, uiid«-r the pretence of alleged var, the rectitude of whose intentions, and, the violations of the blockade \of Terceira. fSh d a Uo ^ p Ur) ty and disinterestedness of whose patriotism prohibited the iiitrudiir tion of our lice, by th'i im- aro now, when selfish and party interests have position of discriminating duties in fn-,or ofthit of, been extinguished by his death, universally ad- Brazil ; thereby compelling our rrvvehtints ;, p H y milted, nt that timo controlled the movements of in money for her wine?, and '.endering our trade' that government. From causes which it is not with her unequal and unpr jfitable. Measures of now necessary to inquire into, he became im- redres-s were promptly r.-aotted to; and notvvitli- pressed with tho belief that our covcrnient was standing most of tin-, captured vessnli had been hnsfije to his country, and also to himself person- condemned in her prize court\ a fair liquidation idly... T(jg, S! MTie sentiment extended itsolf to tlio of.all our demands has been cfU'Ctcd, and the first mcrabet's &Rbfft government generally; and the instalment actually paid, as the remaining ones doubtless will be, whatever maybe tho result of the contest now waging for tho throne of that kingdom. A large reduction lins also been made in her duties upon our rice; but it not being suffi- cient to satisfy our just demands, the negotiation upon the subject has been renewed, and will, with- out doubt, eventuate in a full compliance with our wishes. i' In regard to Srvif, we have had to complain of cmbairassaient and injury to our commerce, from a pertinacious adherence to her system of discrim- inating duties, and from the imposition of such as such s-eul bv our minister, as to have left little ! were unequal and oppressive in her rolomes; ..- doubt of success when the revolution\^ ItflU | well as of her refusal to make indemnity Jo our broke out. That event of necessity produced do-; citizens, for the injuries they had sustained by her lay; but the business was resumed at the earliest practicable period, and as is well known, termin- ated in a treaty by which about ficc miliums of t'oHa^s wry -.»•• :J'\ !\? r-'J *C -\•* r \i' : -£ r -M ^7 extensive depredations upon our commerce, du- ring tier \South American war. Every attempt W bring her to terms upon either of those important F-j'^-cs. had hitherto been urn- a'.ling. I'' 1 -' :-\ - effect was visible in the feoling manifested to wards onr minister, notwithstanding the general mildness of his temper and the urbanity of bis manners—in n refusal to listen to the just claims of onr citizens—in the imposition of prohibitory duties upon our flour—and finally in othnr indica- tions of u decidedly unfriendly spirit. This stis^ picion was unjust. Tho paramount interest of the country required its removal, and tho meas- ures ileemed necessary and proper to cfioet it Were promptly adopted. A new minister was sent out, with instructions, (whether or not Ofa- nature to nompromit the national character, those whose habit it is to cavil about such\matters Iravo' not yet taken tho trouble to inquire,) throtfgh which, and by his own--good conduct, he succeed- ed in removing irijiirious impressions;; in calling Out from tho constituted authorities of Colombia, the strangest official mid imbltcejpressioiiso'fres; \oct for the cjan'r* und fbr the rresidcnf; in cf state of civilization, having been rendered obvious, to nil rational men; their unfitness to become the subjects of civil government, being equally evi- dent; and. their progressive degeneracy and de- struction, arising from their proximity to the white man, being fully established by experience; tho suggestions of policy, as well as the dictates of humanity, pointed to the adoption of some moro speedy and effectual remedy to arrest their increas- ing misery, and to prevent their early and rapid extinction. The one settled upon, after tlio fullest consideration, was their removal beyond tho Mis- . sisippi, at thn expense of tho Government; whore, effectually guaranteed against the approach of that civilization from which an overruling and ull-wiso. Providence bad exceed them, they might enjoy in peace the fraits of their improvement here, and} tno moro ample territory and advantages provided for ttiem there;. and vvfiere also tlie labors of phi - lnnthropy might he employed among Ihemnndor the most fuvorablo circumstances, and vwlh tlio best hopes of success of which their character ad- mits. In the wisdom and humanity of ! tB« meas- ure, nntil it was likely to become successful,'in tlio hands of Andrew Jackson, all men nnd : all parA ties concurred. It rcceivpd a largo share of atten- tion from Mr. Monroe's administration, by'wHfcH tho incipient steps- were taken; and under that 6f ' Mr. Adams, the measure wan pressed with gfreat assiduity. A report upon the subject, enrheslly. recommending; it, was made by G.en. P. Hi Por-: tcr, then Secretary of War, and a. eifizen 'of this state, possessing considerable experience; iii* \In- dian affairs. Tho opinions of\ Mr. Adams and.'bia Cabinet in favor of the policy, were fully avowed, and every exertion made by that able but imprac- ticable statesman to carry it into effect, but will- out success. Tho relations of the,General Gov- ernment with Georgia, wore deeply and danger- ously disturbed; but the Indians remained us they were, a distinct and savage people, in the nridst of surrounding civilization-, the sources of perpetu- al local collision, and themselves exposed to •tlieV wasting effects of the habits and cousequeuces in- cident to their situation. Gen. Jackson took the subject up wher* tljalatan administration had left it, and aimed only toenrry into effect the plans of bis predecessors, *»&-by the same means, viz: pacific, equitable, und vol- untary agreements with tho Indian* tbeinselves. As usual, his efforts havobeen crowned Avkb great „ success. Intimately conversant with tile Indian character and with Indian affairs, he finiqd npvdifi ficultv in making those natives vyho W.ererjgnt ab- ject to improper influence, upderstand 4iUi|Wm*| their true interests. The greater part \a£ \tli|g|ft| dians have signified their assent to aifd, ^fiji«^ tho desired arrangements., The.teriuswilfo^^ • pact which tbby have entered i.ij;to wifli ? tn« :gfy$ ,«. crnment, in regard to the compdnsiitipi'fbf flfipft improvements, tlio manner and expenses of ffeWi - removal, the provision trjadc for tnair ao&p'iMinpda-, tion beyond thpMiwissjjrj^ij.and'ltb^'.aftOtfftt'oJC^j. annniufs to be paid to (hem, have bedii sipnroveq , \,y lite Senate; and if any objection \yas.n(adh^i>. tboni.-it.wns Ibaltbey Were tdoliberiil oh the part oftlie'goviwninjW Not evert^ftlpijtjis^M imposition, coercion, or any unfairnes^jttHl«JiIca| . ings with them, W> over beep [matim.pgmm \.; the measure lias beou carried.into,e;8ect, stlfoSvoli „ fare of tho Indians bijs'ljecpip^ffiMed W 'thLe;,fX» tent hoped fi'rorexi^cte^;by;.th6 r pwc^inj^i^•;• ministrations* and by the same means contoui|Hat-r ed and in part unsutossftjly;emplp^i|^^ And yet a ^^ r ^Mmi9 n ^mmmiM been .misted m^m^j^^m^M^m^ anco of tbi8-sinHile.lj4KitotorMny^jte;g^iniO^ which, in.oddifibB46*n.s.p4iftiwn/jiil|it^ i ^ \m m a i»w. •nhinjj indicated neither a regard for the United States, nor a msposuion io «HTV«-«B«5 . ._ just relations with us. Suspicions and jealousies ment towarus *<s Indian tubes in any degte* sub- against our\ government, of tho most unfounded J | ct . t0 Il « oar , e ' Ims been one of active aniunqual- liarnre, were mreiy circulated, and not discounte- / i\ ed \PoevoJence. Notlimg within tbo seonj of im M m IContkuid cnitixi<§<^.% *Ns %L^*i,>M

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