2 THE EAST HA M P T O N STAR, NO V E M B E R 5, 1909 WE OUGHT TO LIVE 150 YEARS So Says Professor Fisher, Ex pert on Longevity. $250,000,000,000 OUR VALUE Y a le Statistician Gives Th a t Figure as W o rth of Lives to the N a t ion — P r o s - eia F a r Ahead of U s In the Matter of Conserving Life. Human life 1 b Increasing In length at a very rapid rate, but the span will have to go on Increasing for a long time before It becomes even normal, for the human being ought to live to about 150 years If he did himself Jus tice, says Professor Irving Fisher of Yale In a remarkable study which hus Just been Issued by the national con servation commission. The commis sion believes that the greatest asset of society Is human life. Professor Fisher In a book of 12.f» pages says that after most careful study of vitality and health statistics he concludes that about. 350 years ago tiie average span of life began to In crease, and it has been gaining ever since. At the end of the seventeenth century the average life was about four years longer than at Its begin nlng. At the end of the eighteenth another four years had been added to the average. Then came the nine teenth with its great strides In science in all departments. In the first three- quarters of that century the average length of life Increased at the rate of about nine years to the ceutury. Pru s s ia Far Ahead of Us. But Jn the lust generation the in crease hus been faster than ever be fore. In Massachusetts the average length of human life is now increasing at the rate of ubout fourteen years per century. Yet Massachusetts is not making so good u record as Is present ed for Europe, ns a whole, where the present Increase is at the rate of sev enteen years In a century. Prussia, the land of greatest advance In medical, surgical and hygienic science, is In creasing Its uvernge longevity at the rate of twenty-seven years per cen tury. Professor Fisher quotes the result of Metchnlkoff’s Investigations to sustain the contention that a normal age for men should, be alpout 1CVO years. Metch- nikoff round that mammals generally lived about five times the period de voted to growing. The one exception is man. The growing period of man Is about thirty years. Therefore If he should lengthen his life up to the aver age of other mammals it would bo about 150 years. Professor Fisher does not think that 150 years will be by any means an impossible attainment when the unexplored possibilities of science, sanitation nnd social betterment are developed. Century and H a lf Not Im possible. The present average age at which people die of old age a fter having been fortunate enough to dodge automo biles, diphtheria, tuberculosis, hunger and the other causes of death is stat ed as eighty-three years. The economic value of human life and the advantage to the social whole in increasing its length are discussed most entertainingly by Professor Fish er. He points out that the sustaining of youth and old age is a tremendous onus on the producing capacity of so ciety. As civilization becomes more complex a longer period must be giv en to preparation for the reul work, consequently there Is need for a com pensating length of the period within which the Individual, having thus been prepared at the social expense, may work for society In order to repay its Investment In him. Professor Fisher summarizes the va rious statistical estimates that have beou made of the economic value of u human life. The American nation is credited with the ownership of $107,- 000,000,000 worth of property, but Pro fessor Fisher reaches the conclusion that the human beings are economical ly worth somewhat more than $250,- 000,000,000 more in addition to this. How a Life Grows In V a lus. In the first year of existence the economic value of a life Is only $00, because the Infant life Involves the great burden of the long preparation for a period of producing usefulness. From this year on the average value of a life Increases until it reaches its maximum nt thirty years, when it is $4,200 for the average American life. At that age the period of preparation Is past, the time of greatest producing capacity is fairly being entered, and the expectation of life Is lurge. Every immigrant coming into this country is worth $875, says Professor Fisher. That is tho minimum tlgure, representing the labor value. The ar rival of 1,000,000 immigrants adds to the wealth of the nation $875,000,000. Takes Snapshots of Miorobes. Before the Paris Academy of Sci ences Jean Comandou announced re cently the discovery of a new method of photographing bacilli by tho com bined use of au ultramicroscope and a cinematograph. The discovery la considered of first importance, open ing as it does a new field for the study of mlcrobic action. How many things, both Just and un Juat, are sanctioned by customl—T a r •act. PARIS NOT SO VERY GAY. C a n 't Hold a Candle to New York, In Mag6on’e Opinion. According to Charles E. Magoon, for mer governor of Cuba, American dip lomat and globe trotter of many years’ standing, Paris, with all its reputed gayety and folly, Is not to be com pared In these respects with New York. “New York is a bigger place In every way,” says Mr. Magoon. “Her build ings are bigger, her people are busier, and her lights—why. there Is no com parison .between the lighted thorough fares of Paris and those of New York. “The glare of Broadway has no equal In the world, and the promenades of Paris, with their centuries of fame, are not to be compared with America’s great Broadway. “A n d -ns for the hotels—everybody knows that New York hotels are big ger and better than anything In the world nnd Infinitely better living pluces than the hotels of the French capital. “The night life of Paris Is that of a remote village compared with a night OUA11LKB K. MAGOON. in New York,’* said the governor. \By midnight the Place de l’Opera and the Rue de la Palx are completely deserted nnd us quiet as well regulated grave yards. Why, the doors of my hotel In the Place Vendome were closed at mid night. Imagine such a thing In New York! Just picture a New Yorker who would have to ring at the door of his own hotel to get in to bed a half hour after he had left a theater!\ THE TROUBLE IN GREECE. Failure of Hellenic Cause In Crete H a s Brought About Disturbance. The enuse of the naval revolt in Greece which led to the 'fight at his toric Salnmls Is to be found probably In the receut failure of the Greek cause In Crete when the powers upon T u r key's protest removed the Hellenic flag which had been holsled in Kanea. For this failure to secure Crete for Greece the blame was popularly laid to governmental Inefficiency, and as a result several weeks ago two bat talions of troops at Athens mutinied. Retiring to the suburbs, they demand ed the surrender of the high places held In the army by Crown Prince Con stantine, commander In chief of the Greek army; Prince Andrew, u cap tain of cavalry, and Prince Christo pher. a sublieutenant In the Infantry. The cause of the malcontents was espoused by the powerful Military league, which on Get. 15 forced the chamber of deputies to vote a meas ure abolishing the right of the crown prince to hold the post of commander jn chief and of the other princes to hold military commands, King George earlier in the day having persuaded his sons, the Princes Constantine, George, Nicholas and Christopher, to resign their com missions. Before the passage of the military bills in the chamber of deputies thirty royallHt mombers showed their disapproval by withdrawing from the chamber. These loyalists Insisted that the Military league was determined to force the king to abdlcute. To some observers it seemed that the crisis lmd been postponed by the retirement of the princes, but to all It was evident that It was likely to grow acute again If the Cretans returned deputies to the chamber at the next election. Meanwhile the Military league, not satisfied with the humiliation of the royal family, Issued an ultimatum de manding the enactment within twenty- four hours of an ordinance suspending all promotion for five years, the aboli tion of tho post of rear admiral, here tofore held by Prince George, together with two vice admlralsbips and fifteen positions of lesser rank. The premier offered a compromise in the form of a bill altering the age limit for super annuation from sixty-five years to fifty- eight years. This was not satisfactory to the league, and thirty naval officers retired to the Island of Salamls, upou which Is sltuuted the urseuul which these otllcers seized and where pre vious to the engagement between the fleet and their torpedo boats they in trenched themselves. MAXIMS FROM BEVERIDGE. Indiana Senator G ives Som e of the Rules That Guide Him . “I never knew any other way in polities except to trust the people, go right to them with my story, and to h— with the bosses!’’ “lu politics be for the things you w a n t your son to remember, take them to the people and let the consequences take care of themselves.’’ “The business of the men lu politico is to make the lives of the vast masses of the people easier.” HOOKWORM, FOE OF SOUTHERNERS Disease to Be Fought toy Rock efeller’s Million. DESCRIBED BY DISCOVERER. It W ill Take Tw e n ty Y e a r s to E r a d i cate M a lady, S a y s Dr. 8tilee— C r ip ples Its V ictim s Bodily and M e n tally. Can Be Cured Easily. According to Dr. Charles W. Stiles, the discoverer of the hookworm dis ease, to eradicate which John D. Rock efeller has given $1,000,000, the mal ady Is confined almost exclusively to the southern states—chiefly to the rural districts. It can be easily cured and easily prevented. Yet thousands of southern country school children are dwarfed both physically and mentally by this malady. “Children who attend rural school^ in the south are In many Instances so enfeebled by the disease that they die before coming of age,\ says Dr. Stiles. “The south is educating rural children between the ages of six and twelve and burying them before they are twenty-one, thus putting their educa tion into the grave. Cause of Poverty and Distress. \Hookworm disease is one of the principal causes—by far the most im portant single cause—of the wretched physical, mental and financial condi tion of the ‘tenant whites’ of the south. It Is not their fault that they are lazy, shiftless and lacking In am bition. “By reason of their lack of decent sanitary conveniences many of the country schools and country churches In the south are breeding places for this malady. Whatever they may do for education and religion, they are in their present condition a menace to public health. The Reel “Negro Problem .’’ “The real acute ‘negro problem' In the south at the present moment Is the problem of the hookworm, for the negro is the principal scatterer of the parasite, propagating und dissemi nating It wherever he goes. The white people are the sufferers, particularly the tenant whites. “The south does not need a higher birth rate, but a lower death rate, in cidentally, if the hookworm mischief were wiped out .the labor prpblKv of the Houth would be solved by 0 $Vlng the children. “The lenders in southern thought are showing an acute Interest lu this sub ject and are co-operating in a move ment to better the conditions of their much misunderstood, misinterpreted and misrepresented neighbors who are in less favorable financial circum stances. Southern physicians, espe cially the state boards of health, are alive to the subject, and many physi cians are giving free treatm ent for this disease. The better class of south ern newspapers are taking a live in terest In the matter and are spreading the doctrine of proper sanitation. W ill Take Yearo to Eradicate It. \The difficulties of the situation should not, however, be underestimat ed. It will take twenty years to erad icate the disease, but results slioukl begin to show themselves in about five years.’’ Medical research in receut years has shown that cases apparently hopeless can be cured easily and quickly; that a couple of simple drugs will relieve a victim and ordinary sanitation will eradicate the hookworm in a neighbor hood. All needed for a successful battle against the disease, according to skill ed Investigators, were money and prop erly applied energy. Both are now at hand, thanks to Mr. Rockefeller. A recent article on the hookworm dis ease stated that $2.<XXUXX) would wipe out every vestige of it In America. Those who heard of Mr. Rockefeller’s gift confidently believed that If Ids $1,000,000 proved as efficacious as was expected lie would give the other mil lion readily. The hookworm (unclnuria is Its med ical name and uncinariasis that of the diseuse) is a paruslte, which may be roughly described as about the thick ness of a hair and the length of a pin. It is plainly visible without the aid of a microscope. Doctors believe* that it was Imported to this country by the slaves from Africa. The worm fastens itself to the walls of the Intestines. There it justifies Its name of “vampire,” for it lives upon blood which it draws from the delicate membrane, which it punctures. One end of It—the book end—bolds it so fast that considerable effort is needed for its dislodgment. Sometimes hundreds of these worms afflict a victim, lu an autopsy 8G3 were found. Affects Body and Mind. Not only do they draw away the life giving blood, but they fill the iutes- tlnal wall so full of holes that its functlous are interfered with, and they withdraw so much blood that the vie* tlin’s mind and body alike are affected. A gnawing is produced, which is re lieved by the eating of common clay, mortar, cloth, even human hair and soot out of chimneys. “Eeholia,\ a mentul disease, follows. If a question la asked. “W hat’s your name?” tho Victim replies, “My name?” then thinks a long while before answering. Even tually there is a complete mental and physical breakdown.