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Evening post. (New York [N.Y.]) 1850-1919, March 05, 1850, Image 1

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W r: ' K f w k , ^ | m S : c /» 0 B . S ^ ^ .S li C M R JDJSmT-eooiSsSi y ^ a ffltOaa. 50 csnte; aecondai J J ^ ^ c e a f e i ; u d l ^ cents for r ilird __ ea&Be^oea^ inp ZXAffir—eons&eBgof8Ha<»orl« 60 e s |^ ; second and ^ z d insertions, — j.-,s4 ---- - ------ mbsegnent in- — number of times ]] be inserted and a the inside of the paper '^^^^K ^ iD n S B T fS E fiS , paper inoinded, $40; » Period t h e PROPRISTOUS are not responsible in damage for eirora irhich may ooour In adrertising. THE EVENING POST FOR THE COUNTRY, A T THREE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, U3UEO TWICE A WBEE. t h e n e w YORK VtEEKLY EVENING POST. AT ONE DOLLAR PER ANNUM. PUBLIC SALES iS'f'iH' »'.f .a-t The fi?e $»«ry bnck »inre and lot of jroaod. i i g i — s — - s s s ^Por^fortfcer guticalan apply at the o0ice of the eactioueer, ' 2 i i ' s k s s s s s s 'F•S|f^s,^matr^sa\».«.Cbnuts;tt PTOIJ 0 «AIJSS. ___ ______ fohnt, Aneti BY W IL&IERUINGS & StOTBSI B mv « p ' I ® ” - ^ I ^ O K ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ R - ^ n ^ ^ c e a Foteirn and Domadie Diy Akd. 35 eaae< luten, xoods.. co MM k o < Iriib Imnn. brown HoIIa<iHs,Dantalooo linens, sbeeanrs, diapKt. towellins. tabie cloths, paiUisr. haen cambric bdkft. etc. Atso, IS balea imitation Rnaia diapers ai Atse,.!i3cas4» black and &nc7 alpaeeas. oilaans cloths and moossehae delaines. A |^ ^^paea printed tewns, gin:hams and errandies S's'r’cr'Mde S>iM?*l'Sian b lack. eoPd ,. J > W 5X6°™A\r!i ^ 32^tse» plain, damejk and embroider John Kndderow.Anctlonoer. JO H N KUDDEROW <5 e C( Store No. 163 Pearl gtrest. T w e i w ^ d - ay — i f s s ; '■ C T tili'rn d s a *, receiver} pee late amvaJs from Havre, oi the most and samples on the mormng of sale. __________ .J ; . ? ... menonjI^lOO feet lOi-SSELIiVE DE LAiNEondTHl- For Inrther DartienJarj^. aojly I f . the ane'jonear. .No 7 Broad st. ^ IHO. J lots on Worth 4lh gt. and 2 lots on North 5th rt. between Aiixf. a lot? OQ £th street, batween North 4th aod North 50i “ T S ; ! tio ' boTO property, apply at the ol. r 5 liKri 7 iS'.r.;;;s 7 J;\K?^ j ^ ^ l l p S S v j S H a u2Ueet by 4U feel \a James M Miller. Anetionoer BY JA M E S M. M IL L E R & CO. Store No. 75 Maiden lane. Hardware, R e al E s tate. Leather, Boots & Shoes, 3?- i P - - \ — ot sale. CLOTHS. (A•ss'i >i'i:'it% > ' V kst I T n I?\'” trim 111 ni ; s . &r , together 'viih a general »ihsortm€nt of t’oreign and I»imiea. “'ca.'A:.'zi^'anil '- P '- ™ m ^ r o , e c .j, ,a,o. TO LET-The ad, 3d aixRIth front lolts of store No 49 Broad. B Y H A lii '. k '!? TV, i)R A P K R ° v \ j (LN ES. Store .‘>4 WilHam, comer of Pine st Catalo;{qesan«i samolfson the tn«>ming of ale. fVARP&TS.'nr(:’'^'^'\lU «n.l comptG.e an^tiftmeiil ofBrusi«'«. 3 ply and mgrain carrels, rugh. dru*;gtit<. Cala'offoes and sample*; i»n the morning o? sa'e. VOL. XLVIL NEW YORK. TUESDAY. MARCH 5 . 1850 . NO. 18 NASSAU, NEAR PINE ST _PUBLIC \ sa l e s . r wKSi\a.''Saa\“IS sr CO, _________ Office. No. 5 Broad street. between North 7tb aod rest wraer oTlit and North 9ih ita, S and North &ih su, 20 and North 10th sts. 20 of 2d and North bth North 7th iL between ht ide ol North sth »L between Ut and Riv* mth side of North 8ih st. 80 rt west of 2d Jir.SSS\ ..... - - ............ Also, 2 I .ti west of the ab<*re,2o hv lOO ft AUf>, 2 U»t« on north side of North Rlh ■!, b< North 9th Ht-1 lot on south Side of North 9th st 80 feet west of A'so,! tot adjoining 8^ hy l£X) ft, Al.«o 4 lots on oorth elide of North hjh »t. 70 feet eoatoflslst. “ g S S r / i t ,t7b'’..3r\of'?l'c;!.^?oS.- «. 80 n eo« of i | | P n S B S J ^ r - f h a tr o p e 'd ^ r !v7hfn'\t£^-^TnZ''^klk'’irum Feci » i i s s l l s i » s - S ! ■ ^ B Y V ^ L E i^ U in L T ^ (Successors to Edward H. Ludlow & Co.) H o a r d , , „ ' ^ a ' i ^ a l e l S S H 3 ^ ^ i S S S ^ i l hSjf full particulars tea special advertisement m thtt po per. Store No. 7 WaU at , comer of New st. Al 1P» n>'F,cY’at''ihc^afe'; fu»m,*’No7 Wall «. Cre<»nhoi)«e P'ani.*i—('ons»*i:nif in part f»f camplliai. omneo i'e'iToi’ J ‘ b \M\;r,^rBb';!;‘,;[“nTda”, ^K.,pmmecVuni'l^-;‘'dan 3 lots odjoining, on the 5th av. each 23 It Iront and rear by llO rl{fi 57 b%-;b:ro?elcTr^?.;on^a^^^^^ 25 the ■fhule^hnu3P. f'rnti n water introdnrcd. fSic : hoii-e 3i by 44 ction of 7*homas Carnley. } Store No. 17 V illiam st. FRKNriW^AlJlSHj^ZESZoo, aBBor,. Also, 130cases h»nvy ?afm d« chine, chameleon and satin fuir paraAols. ri •! ly I'nncpn nnd uf ihe very bp«r riiy make- (.'ataloguesaml siamiiie* * mi the m«»rnme <>i s.ale. r ' TK AO F. 'U'?, K 1 )F rt (tn'il)^“ li m I's,'rASf IM ERE3, - s 5 S ^ - £ = £ : : i : r ... . BY L h 5 s TE^°1^UN N uV ' ^ Liberal cash odvarc MA & H O (;U E T , ;oro No. 13 William street. s made upon ccosignmenU when ttr l Iruafai'^^^.LVafL&aad\ I?!; ......... Tl ul 17. reek before the sale, a Also, :^ca5e.s supern'r gmgham ambrellas Also, an invoice ofbl.ick whilpnorj cob-red cotton hosiery tab^.:.oeV.\rtlnTd:,Xl'il'^^ 7 A !s », •<© oases new spring styles straw bonnets :SH S '£f Also, on entire invoice of ti:fe lace and floss worked mushn Catatoffoes and samples--n -he mornms ofsale. - s s i l i i f e KITI.4H. GF.R ■sill Iront, &c . \do^\rjrrd%‘ont^amTnrA“ '\Terms—009 half of ths porahase money may remain an bond . ; i a l s ? s H S £ x S S a K £YyrsTs.’PL”ATr' Hftruwara. Crockery, and General Auction and Com­ mission Morohant. Auction Room, 23 Platt street, comer of Gold. PBIDAY.Sth ”BTHS‘Mlk‘M''o'aSA~ Store No. 1 Pino St. I F,o.vS!. 7 rrMLS.-;r.'!lU..,. Wercerat—Theiwntiory and a iiq brick hou?e No 21 Mercer lenea as above, aod der the ka me tegula- tl cash advances w:II be B Y ^ T ^ B ^ T L a f e S r e . . . Office No. 1 Bfoad st. 2 5 £ S S L ’k' 5 ,v'er 'f “ Ai$o.SlotsOD eastndeSecond avenue, between SthandlGth le direction- ol Thomas Carn!ey, Fs«j PUBLIC SALES. s k s s i M . . , - - - - - - - - ........ non c t i . e a l L l ^ ^ ^ a l i i S i l f l S . ' i ^ '^ J i l l d withoot a . C. K E M P , Auotu Calnlociiea nn the mornine of «nl«. Iron SnfU-l7s7lamVnde1rTro” 'Safei nnd'wOTly ('hesli, lui. \XrJ:rfeTo?b\,?.?!;.^Tfon\ttrcre;uTrnr.t rate atucle '“ThoHor.k ■•orBi.uolT'torgeonil well lelected annrtrnem ol fer^^T.7:'n7d'eB7“a'ble“ ?;l« f ': ; ± i r r : X l ; r , f ± 'w e . b b,f..r, Ib. „He„ P.n.e. are mv.Ud 1„ eell and .e.emme^he fum i.nr. s S S i S S r a s S S |s ' S E i H S £ - S “^ J!'i?; 7 aV:fcr,T,';Lisri»vTin 7 BY'WllT's'fflrF'gil store 36 Ann street. BT“£YrA'Sr 5 '\ASNTv’: Store No. U Platt street. Hardwaie. Hoot*. hoes, &c.—At lu ..•cl.»cR. at'ihe store of A I». Gnle 223 Pearl «rt*el, 300ca*ej h<H»t,, ,h«w«. l,rogn;». & lc . oomprmng a|eneraUK5o^tmeiit.nnd well adapted to the season Th*» enure (toi k of liiirdwuro Cntlc-y. Wrouehl Nails. Guns nod Pisf.ds of a ( -rman impo'ter. about to rotue iunu ' Ubiiioss, * 'ntaJogiic# will be ready one wct-k previous to the sale Fnrn,t,iraa..«Cnrr?Y'l!;\' ' ' “'^\ AT PKIVATG 8AI r< J Lh r--'rho_i ^U. J hn et. Kn«m I,literal <lis - _________ ____ _ _ Ad that e^on I undivided one ftn'd jmrt of nil that tract of land siiuHio n the 1*2 b ward of the ' ty of New Vork. and nenr the i-toiserrionof Il3’h nmllUth strer-- and the 2U avenue, con r III ing nrj<m> 2j -irres . ................. tv , March s. ^^,.unrame7.!^u;;'-ltler,;rd''^:7r'f' l'i.'omL\ra »KNERAL NOl'ICP^S. liping *8 fl 9 ill? on the 8lh uvenut*. -t on J9i.h st. un<l'J8fiH j ^\meme Omn-^nuler the Jiree'ion oiThmriai Carntey. r.jq, and known ii. No 13H Wnl 20th -trant. 2i feol by 91 le«l II , f?.)Urt ol t ‘..minon Pleas—I'nJer tne difein.ou of GKO. S. W A IU IL E d« CO.’S :■ H l. l F O H A’ 1 A K X /' H F > S imuB pvr pteamur ( htrokec. Wednesday, ubruary J The *uV>scriber will diHpafch a Bpocial R »rvHe for iforuia. by ihe above «teamer for Hinall pack Age.s «>nl> I in rharRi- of a responfrlMe mejwt.nger who -will personally 1 hoinas ^ deliver all parcelH entrusted to hl« care addreRHed to par­ ties rwiidinp: in San Krancisco Shippers by this Kxprofis may rely u[Min having their business correctly altonded Packages wiU be received at the offloe S W ARDI.K R8 .South at leqa, nol.oe,„ EYPre-.. | ----------------- M eelliig.- ‘ ---------------------------------- Fori Ricnmiiniliinil one hall mile Irom .New linst.ton, wi.h five , \ elorU P .M to K.trjf.t .u.-b m.-a-ur.-. a» may i ' icemed best towar<!« abolishing the Inhuman [L‘^^bj“oY-' Ship ami steamboat owners, eaptains of merehant v«s. '\';eXn;“t Y : a T x : d - I'SWoodhnn A.H Bradford ____________ Storo 109 W all utrool pproved endorsed notes. ,ir.T; 7 iTsi», vr.;;, 1 S m .“=SE\‘ aK.W fcSsi’\'' by catalogue day Wmiarn Adams ^rVBm'dT l>ennifl McMahon, Ji Joseph R Taylur H S P - ( V' Artderson Thoa Fessenden WK\ John Ward John LUinKston tJ J Bobbins John Irish E'or;'-’''” ■L'coltkl.e John L Rogers T B Sattorthwalte riergymen, ladi A H Bradford Thofl Brown*. Joshua S L-nderhlll U'^^lXon S £ r I'fnsra'\\ Hiram Ketohnm ?r“eran%'n‘nY Freeman ( ampbell fiurdon Buck.M D L 'J r o ^ r i Brown John Murray ‘lurlior, C ooppr k ( n ^“pTo^nle^n^d^\ I t ) perRons qualified to run them on the Lehigh. D» on through inthesorvicoo B'SSMSSfS.;, .. my. For further (Jg-Lorig u i a n u lu u i r o a a c o m p a n y .- A n Electioo for Thirteen Diroctora of this ( ompany wUl be held at their bfflee in Brooklyn, on Tnesday theOth day \'s^oT^a-I^l-re rnY:ri{^CoAhe'=^^^^ thU ( ompiiny for the choice of thirteen directors, sbaU f i r e l-H O W 7 ■*^*’* ^ ‘ MiLAfI, Ohio, N ot . 27th, 1849 ’^ % e a t^ S U ^ ^ tb o i t time since onr worehou^. with £ — piSK.'TfSsisaiirA-'SiSs: also how you wui eKChange for e new one of the ■ T RISH lANENS. 3-4. 7 8 and 4-4 common to »XU» X g ^ r f i n e brosni and blay Linens. X fnU assortment of 4-1 white Linens ly r n S Z ^ ^ ^ * * JsiMsand Robert Young, Bal- Table Uoths, of »p- Linea Cwnbrlo Hdk6 For sale by j*I2 WILLIAM REDMOND, 80 Rue « , 4> poblicauoiu. chiefly recent new O m c e or the D el aip ? H i 'U son 8 win be closed from the 22d to the \B^ie^GrpErf-i- /■qw s H i . i »t°i'iii itPSSE.&Cs-e-McniasctCharlotte V / Bnse, Jelly, Ice Cream and fruit Ices fornlshed a t can be ksd a t «U tlBM, ^ 3 ^ „ ^ . oppolUe th« Faik FoonUlBa _fe23 tmhI7 ^ n “ s EY4IOUR, Tz«urazer._ on- Company. With or without Conpons, as may be desired, bearing seiron^per c e n t^intcr^ payable semi-annaaliy, E jaistar J. M. HOPKINS, Treasurer. rd iS ”i-.”v.T.s,‘ir.)‘?,. 7 ri.r«*s: 7 ^ eonsideratioD the proposed amendments of the consum- SHEqoOUr.See’y Ijer- Ivektesre t n l.A u doii P e a t OlBeo.—Letters de- tained in the London Post Offlee, on account Of postage unpaid, ems be « WaR e tz « t jETstollag. in a upTraras. P V ^ I b I u ^ ---- tig h t Drafts £roa £ ail the towns of Great 20 , 0§0 S^ 5 LSSrmS^’’^or^ ofof thehe bestest styles,les, foror salee loww b:y t b sty f sal lo b the east! UNION INDIA RUBBER C MARINE LIST. CLEARED yE S tE B D A Y . Ship Snlliran, White. Charleston, T Wardle. Bark R Adams, Tbnxstm, Africa. Watkins a Co. Bark J W Dyer, Dyer, New Orleans, J W E3weA Brig Winihrop, Lamcke, Sacramento City. Itig Azores, Amesbniy. Cadiz. J W ElweU. Seb Le Boy, Powell, Apalachicola. Seh Helene, Griffin. Charleston .Sch Rhode Island, Fairfield Bostoi 7 TESTBRDJtr. Brig Manzanilla, of Prospect, Berry, NeuTltas, 10 days, Soh Sophia ColUns, Hays, Edenton, NC, with naval stores to the master. Sch Michigan, of Belfast, Shnte. Wilmington, NC, 10 ays, with yeUow pine to DoUner ^ ^ MEMORANDA. « : r ,5 . of deck load and very leaky, haring bean ashore near PHaiDKLrmA, Marohll-^Ar^brigrrhicopee. rilfford. Lrwi, DH Marchs, 5 r m -Sbipe /enohia for San Francisco, Delta for St Johna. NB| and bark* Kingston, for W Jndit^fl. and Lyra for Vura Lrua, went to sea yes­ terday afternoon j The Rteamsbip VTI i rod O Iluuit, fm NVork for San Francisc43. came to the anchorag* this morning, where •he remained up to the date of thi$ despatch, in co with B aitimobk rid 2d Inet sch Select, Tox, NY< 3d-A r sch Wilmington (JoRhoU. St Thomas SebH Uiumoad. Dana, aNVork; t'.mily Johnet Hu HMO-.1.—Ar 2d Inst, sohs John 8 H»i \ _ ^ - d ) d p , ; c b n i t ^ ^ i r B u ‘'i^;Osbor^ Schs Mary Jane, Bentley. NYork: St Mary West, do; Hy M Smith, k uxwell, do, Grafton. Seari, and Jas Henry. Baker, do. Wi-m-<,-To„. NC —Ar 2Sth alt, Br bark Brothers, (Iwnai.rTmvn SC Ar 27lh pit, brig N'anoy Ann. Pope, St iJcorge. (irenoda; arha Morea. Cotlrill. .Work. Age Isabel, uomns, H^Taaa via K oy \West. Br nblp Home M.ulr, Liverpool , Brera brig Francisco fl&to. Bremen, DanUh biig Haa- bet, KniHe. ( openhageu S avannah Ar 26th ult. bark Norma. Smith. Boston. Sid ^bip 7>oraont. Taylor.'ban Franctsooi Br brig Abel. ' “^ « V h ! .r ; ? '‘c^'\/rfetas M obilk - Ar 26th uit. Br ship 1) ('at ison Pnedi- Elisabeth A Harrison, Voras, Osborn, NY'ork, Hen- Ar ships Deron.shlre Strickland. NYotk, Tempest Fat- iwenra.«i8. 23d. bark NabhUBi CUfford. fm T.>w7d toTea'in^h s^^p G^rUre'^.^ii, Major ^.n8Uand aod Louisa Ar 24th ult brig Roland Philadelphia K a *. i vim » t l'eb2i-A rRcb Roanoke, S] Sl-l 2t^ih brigOlive. Sumner-N’- * B ai I AbT. ^eb 27 - Ar schs Ti a.,na •n, bark Branda. brigs 'ippecanoe Anderson, Car- . .Mar 1- rid brig Elmira, Sargent. Porto THE EVENING POST. S P H I E I G H H O N . J O H N c ! C A L H O U N , S l a v e r y Q u e s t i o n . D E L IV E R E B IN T H E SEN A T E OF T H E U N ITED STA T E S . niztrc& A, 1830. I b a re, Senators, believed frem the first, that the agitation of the subject of slarery, would, if not pre­ vented by some timely and effectire measure, end in disunion. Entertaining this opinion, 1 have, on all proper occasions, endeavored to call the attention of Doth of the two groat parties which divido the country, to adopt some such measure to prevent _ so great a disaster, but without success. The agitation has boon permitted to proceed, with almost no at­ tempt (o resist it, until it has reached a period when it oan be no longer disguised or denied that the Union is in danger. You have thus had forced upon you the greatest and the gravest question that ever can come under your consideration. How oan tho Union be preserved i To give a satisfactory answer to this mighty ques­ tion, It is indispeusabie to .have a s accurate and tho­ rough knowledge of tho n ^ u re and the character of tho cause by which the Uuion is endangered. W ith­ out snch knowledge it is impossible to prononnee, with any certainty, by what measure it oan bo saved, just as it would bo impossible for a physician to pro­ nounce, in the case of some dangerous disease, with any certainly, by what remedy the patient could be saved, without similar knowledge of tho nature and character of the caneo of the disease. The first question, then, presented for consideration, in the investigation I propose, in order so obtain such know­ ledge, is—what is it that has endangered t'no Union 1 To this question there oan be but one answer—that the immediate cause is, tho almost universal discon­ tent which pervades ail the states composing the southern section of the Unlen. This widely extended discontent is not of rocent origin. It oommenoed with the agitation of the slavery question, and has been increasing ever since. The next question is— W h at baa caused this wide-diffused and almost uni­ versal discontent 1 It is a great mistake to suppose, as is by some, that it originated with_ demagogues, who excited the dis- -Mwii W1.MVU lei.uuea. a uerv 10 uu luuuuai-iuu citoment, and exerted to the utmost to keep the peo­ ple quiet. The great mass of the people of the south were diyided, ns in tho other section, into whigs and democrats. 'Tho luaders and tho presses of both ■ tho south were very intand restore q u iet; ly approciate tho immeuse force which thiscauBO ox- q^i^l x r ‘s gfrnx.TtTasX sStif v r stcTr aud nooro powerful must exist, to produce a discon­ tent so wide and deep, tkim the one Inferred. The tbo southern states, as prevalent as the dtscunient it- next question, then, te be considered is, what has One of the causes is, undoubtedly, to bo traced to the long-coDtinuod agitation of the slave qaestion on tbo partof tbo n orth, and tho many aggressions which they have made on the rights of the south, during ibe time. 1 will rot eriumerate them atpretCnt.asilw iU the great and primary cause, it is to be found in tho fact, that tho equilibrium between the two sections in the government, as it stood when the constitution was ratified and the government put in action, has been destroyed. At that time, there was nearly a perfect equilibrium between the two, which afforded ample means to each to protect itself against tl^e ag­ gression of the other ; but as it now stands, one sec­ tion has exclusive power of controlling the govern­ ment, which leaves the other without any adequate means of protecting itself aga’nst its encroachment and oppression. To place this subject distinctly be­ fore you, 1 have, senators, prepared a brief statistical statement, showing the relative weight ot the two sections in the government, under tho first census of 1790, and the last census of 1840. According to the lormer, the populationof tho Uni­ ted States, inolnding Vermont, Kentucky, and Tea- Ar l.st Inst Hrhs Red Besrh.Small East- ■ “ isted at that time—a true, perfect equilibrium f rt for W o rk. Palos, Parry Suiii.au for do. Pioughboy. ! 8uch was tho equality of the two sections When tho Boston lor N York I states composing them agreed to enter into a lodetal f-iii B oar Ar 2CitL ult Rch Superior Smith N York ' I'nion- Since then, the e«juUibrium between them I iM.AiiTytk N -Ar 27th ult Rch '■rk for Frankfort via rortlantl •J'ith Ar HrhH Jc-„ph Farwfll, Lucy Blake Hawes, N Oregon, do ! BOuthorn States, (considering Delaware as neutral) A r 3d, schs Edward rharloston, ^loop Translation. .NYtirk By Tnlograph-Ship Bal.z«‘ 1st Inst M Marry, Philad, Rhide Island. Almira Rogers. :lg Elmira. Porto Rico, sch Adsms, St. Louis, Bunker, hence, at the southern states, (considering Delaware as neutral) 87 ; making a difference in favor of the former, in the House of Representative, of 48 ; the difference in tb'e Senate of two members added to this, gives to the siiii z ;;sa to tho Union ; Iowa. Wisconsin, Florida, and Texas. They leave the difference in the Senate as it stood when the census was taken, but add two to the side ^ H o t e ' ^ r u - s ' f r r ^ l f l o . r / t T o eleotorial college, of 52 The result ot the whole is to giVo the northern sec­ tion alpredominance in every department of the go­ vernment, and thus ooncentrate in it the two ele­ ments whioh constitute the federal govemmont—ma­ jority of states, and a majority of their population, estimated in lederal numbers. W hatever section con­ centrates the two in itself, must possess control of the entire government. Rut we are just a t the close of the sixth decade, and the oommencemont of the seventh. Tho oer«ns is to bo taken this year, which must add greatly ti­ the decided proponderanoe of the north in the Houv of Representatives, and in the electoral eolle vo. Thi in ik-t - t n.:ii “I * 7 A N TMU^Situations for a nomber of excellent t V girls recently arfived, free from city habiti. and wHlitt^towork for moderate -wagBS Application to be made a t tlie office of Of iLffilgiatlOn. N6 hlTgeB. _______ __ BhI4tI_ ■pOT W A N X E IT U I a raBixEBAL COISLSIIS- D SION HOC’S E One who has a fair public scW l educatlim, and can come well recommended by bis teajjp- ®r—about 15 yeara old Address box &49. P. U. in hand writing with refere: _______ to twenty four southern. This great in- I crease of Senators, added to the great incre ase of I members of the House of Kepresentatives, and elec- I toral college, on tho part of the north, which must take place upon the next decade, will effeetnally and eventually destroy the equilibrium which existed when tho government commenced. Had this destmotion been the operation of time, without the interference of government, the south would have had no reason to complain; but such was not the fact. It was caused by the legislation of this government, which was appointed as the common agent of all, and charged with the protection of tho interests and security of all. The legislation by which it has been effected may be classed onder three heads. Tbo first is that series of acts by which the south has been excluded from the common territory belonging to all of the states, as the members oL the feder^ L uioD, wkich has had the effect of extenHiag vastly the portion allotted to the northern section, and reBtrietiflff within narrow limits the portion left the soath. The next consists in adopting a system of revenue and disbursements by which an undue pro­ portion of the burthen of taxation has been imposed u p ^ the Eonth, and an undue proportion of its pro- stem Oi changed. J propose to bestow upon each of these, in the order they staad, a few remarks, with the view of showing that it ifl owing to the action of this government, that the eqailibriam between the two seotlons has been de- stroyed, and the whole power of the system centered in a sectional majerity. The first organized movement, towards it. com­ menced in 1835. 'n e n , for the first time, societies wore organized, presses established, lecture'— — forth to excite the people of the north, and inc add's wharf. East Hirer, Ali goods, therefore, not psrmitted, will be sent to pub­ lic store. mh4 A. WOODBULL. 87 South st ^ 8TC A B T ELPHON- will be eent to pub- _______________ A. WOODHULL, _ C H I P IHBaCPHIS, FR O M URUEA R b E AN n B , O is ffiachwglng at the pier below CUnton stiort, t i ^ (stave T lR I X iH H HHJP MOUNT S’ ^ j^ O N E , (row GI,!5§ow.-Cot A WOODHULL, 87 Scathet. U P M B M P H I8 , F R O M U B — J ffiacharging at the pier below CUnton s (stavt yard ) Consigneex toe req'nestek to attend to the receipt Of theirgoods. WM. NELSOI4, ixini South atreet. 10,000 AlilSw itha^ilfejRoelc ofiother goods I n the dothlng One.rorsalehy the s23 tf UNION INDIA RVBBBB CO, 19 Nassen Bt. ------ ------------ , ----------- lo intprnal slave trade _ - tween the stated, avowing, at tho same time, that their nltimate object was to abolish slavery not Only in the District, but in the states and tbroughont the Union. A t this period, the linniber engaged in the agitation was s m ^ , and it possessed little or no per- utnal infinenee. _ ___ , ___ ^ presented their petttlom! 1 ---- „ ------ -- _ lactance. Neverlhalcaa, as small and as Aonttmpti. bis as the p arty then was, both of tho great pwrHfs of the north dreaded them. They felt that though ucuttko, ana inns rne parry snoceeaea, m snoir ur tao^m ent, in what they proposed—a^p^tii tended ^ v e r Urn whole Union. ^ T his was the eor mencement of the agitation, which has eversince con­ tinued, and whioh, as it is now aoknowlefiged, has endangered the Union itself. As to myself, 1 beUeved, a t that e present eomething to feed the flame. T h a t was the time for the north to show her devotion to the Union ; but unfortunately, both of the great parties of that section were sO intent on obtaining or retain­ ing party ascendancy, that aU other considerations wore overlooked or forgotten. rnd.”;nth z v t o b e ^ ^ z a r o ^ i ; c r o T c o = f of both, and the great moss of the population of the tinotive organization, hardly ever faU, when it comes oTKLflteU^t lions of legislatures of the northern states, and po­ pular meetings, to exclude tho southern states from all territories acquired, or to be acquired, and t* prevent the admission of any state hereafter into the Union, which, by its constitution, docs not prohibit slavery. Is the original cause of the movement—that slavery is a sin, and ought to be suppressed—weaker now than at the commencement 7 or is the abolition party less numerous or influential 1 or have they less Influence over electioDB 1 or less control over the two great parties of the north in elections 1 or has the south greater means of inflaenj»Dg or controlling the move­ ments of this government now than it had when the No. No. No. The very reverse is true- instead of weaker, all the elements in favor of agitation are ir s s i i i T v f f i r J S fluence on tho part of the south are weaker, I again ask, what is to stop this agitation, unless something decisive is done, until the great and Inal object at whioh it a im s - the abolition of slavery in the south - i s consummated T Is it, then, not certain, that if methmg decisive is not now dene to arrest it, the uth will be forced to choose between abolition or session 1 Indeed, as events are now moving, it will uot require the south to secede, to dissolve the Union ; agitation will of itself effect it, of whioh its past his­ tory furnishes abundant proof, as I shall next proceed these states together in one common union, are far tQo numerous and powerful for that. Disunion must be the work of timo. U is^only through a long pro- important, and has grei ‘■X-cV.j.S.'K'tb'J-i u .g .ib „ ™ It various in character. Among thi only many, but some are spiriti . ,ual or eoolesiastical; some political; others social; others appertain to tho benefits con­ ferred by the L nion ; and others to the feelings of The Etrongfst of those of a spiritual and ecclesiasti- oal nature, consisted in the unity of the great rcli- giouB denominatiens, aU of which originally embraced the Lmon. All these denominations, with the ex­ ception, perhaps, of the CathoUcs, were organized very much upon the principle of our poUtical institu- organization terminated in one great central asseii- blago, corresponding very much with the character of Congress. At these meetings, the principal gymen and lay members of the respective denom tious from all parts of the Union met, to trar basiness relating to their common concerns. It was not confined to what appertained to the doctrines and “ S H S i S S B S i gether, formed a strong egrd to hold tho whole Union :Si S'LilS iroh. The numerons and strong ties together are all broke, and its unity ow form separate ohurohes, and instead g^S'Mirtigation’^a men property. The next cord that snapped was that of the Bap- romTa^Lt « T e Z the four great protestant denominations which re­ main unbroken and entire. T h e s tro r - ‘ ' ' political character consists of the mar ties that have held together the two j which have, w in some modifications, ...... ............ ... the beginning e f the government. They both exten- The firet of the series of acts by whioh the south provisions of the ordinance of 1787. Its effect was to s^i^utbX?,j,asrcrrd‘s^,iisS! sippi, now embracing five .states and one territor series excludes the south from the whole of the O i. gon Territory. All these, in the slang of the day, were what is oaUed slave territoiy, and not free soil; that IS, territories belonging to slaveholding powers, and open to the emigration of masters with their By these several acts, the south was excluded from S l i i s i E g i she should succeed, it wUl add to that from which ■ . .....................................-7,076 square miles. To this mu&fc be added the territory acquired wjth Texas. If the whole should bo added to thei southern section, it would ma^e an increase of 325,620, which would make tho whole left to the Bonth 609,023. Bat a large part of Texas is still in contest between the two sections, which leaves nn* certain what will be tho real extent of the portion of her territory that may be left to the south. I have not included the territory recently acquiroc by the treaty with Mexico. The north is making thi \'.ost strenuous efforto t c ---------- - *' ----- ■ If, b;^ ding the TOrtion which she may succeed in exolndine ui ^ m m Texas. To sum up the whole, the United States, since they declared their independence have acquired 2,373,046 square mfles of territory, from which the n orth will have excluded the soath, if sh” shoMd succeed in monopolizing the newly acquire< territories, about three-fliurths of tho whole, andleav the south but about one fourth. Such is tho first and g reat cause th a t has destroyed the equilibrium between the two eectiens in the gov- ................... iiem oir^Tcnue aod dwbarsement, irouIdDot & y e i dhlles'ireroi imposed, nOl for rOirentie, protection, that is, intended to pat m oney, not' into the treasmy, but directly into the pocket o f the man- nfacturen, some conception may be formed of thO immense amount wM c^ in the long mocse o f so ma- S s . Mountains, north of 36 30, i t Scarcely admits o doubt th a t she would h a re divided theejalgrat..^ with the north, and by retaining her own people, would have a t least eomalled the n o rth in population, under th e census of 1840, and probably .under thati about to be taken. She would, also, if she h ad re­ tained her equal rights'n those territories, have main­ tained an equality in the number of states with the north, a n d have preserved the equilibrium between the two BOotionB that existed a t the coriimenoemant of the government. The loss, then, of the equilD brinm is to be a ttributed to the action o f thisgovem- B n t while these mea librium between the t..„ ---------- — --- ------- , -- government was leading to a radical change m its character, by concentrating a ll the power of the sys­ tem in itself. The occasion will net permit me to trace the measures by whioh this great change h»s it«d. If ife did, it wonld aqt be diffi- powers, will scarcely be denied by any one conversant with the political history of the country, is equally certain; T h a t it also claims tho right to resort to force, to maintain whatever power she claims a gainst aU oeposition. Indeed, it is appa­ rent from_ what we daily hear, that this has become the prevaUing and fixed opinion o f a g reat majority of the oommnnity. Now, 1 ask, w hat im itation oan possibly be placed upon the powers of a government, claiming and exercising snon rig h ts! And, if none can be, now can the separate government of the states :t the powers reserved t the people of the sev Ich are reserved to I vuwui, vuoii sovereign powers, hy Vi.uiuu vucj lained and established, not only their separate te constitutions and governments, but also the constitution and government of the U. States 1 But if they have no oonstitmional means of maintainiBg 'them against the right claimed by this government, it necessarily follows, that they hold them a t its plea­ sure and discretion, and th a t all the powers of the system are, in reality, concentrated in i t . . I t also fol­ lows, that the character of the government has been changed in oonseqnenoe, from a federal republic, as it originally came from the hands of its framers, and that it has been changed into a great national conso­ lidated democracy. It has, indeed, a t present, aU the characteristics of tbo latter, and not one of the for­ mer, although it stiU retains its outward form. The result of the whole of these causes combined, is that the north has acquired a decided ascendancy over every department of this government, and through it, a control over all the powers of the sys­ tem. A single section, governed by the wiU of tho numerical majority, h is now, in fact, the control of the goveniment, and the entire power of the system.. W h at was «nce a constitutional federal republic, is now converted, in reality, into ono as a.t^lnte as that ot the Autocrat of Hnssia, and as despotic in its tendency as any absolute government that ever ex- A b , then, tho north has the absolute control over the government, it is manifast, that, on all ques­ tions between it and the south, where there is a diversity of interest, the interest of the latter will be sacrificed to the former, however oppressive the effects may be, as the south possepes no means by which it can resist, throngh the action of the government.— But If there were no questions of vital importance to the south, in reference to which there was a diversity of views between the two sections, this state uf things might be endured, without the hazard of destruction, by the south. But suohis not the fact. There is a ques­ tion of vitai importance to tho sontherh section, in reference to whieh the views and feelings of the two sections are opposite and hostile as they can possibly sponsible for suppressing it, by the use of and every means. Those less opposed and hestile regard it as a crime—an offence against h umanity, as they call it, and although not so fanatical, feel them­ selves bound to use all efforts to effect the same object. While those who are least opposed and hostile, re­ gard it os a blot a nd a stain on the ohacaoter of what they call the nation, and feel themselves accordingly bound to give it no countenance or support. On the itrary, the southern section regards the relation a • which cannot be destroyed without snbjectinj r.-.ri'n I’to S V T h ™ ^ s™ oi they made an impression on the minds of many, that there was littie or no restraint to prevent tho gov­ ernment to do whatever it might choose to do. ITiis was sufficient of itself to put the most fanatical por­ tion of the north in action, for the purpose of de­ stroying the existing relation between the two races But this powerful cord has proved no better than the spiritual. It resisted for a long timo the explo­ sive tendency of the agitation, b u t has finally snap­ ped under its force—if not entirely nearly st. Nor is there one of the remaining cords which has not , , that can with no propriety of lan­ guage be oalled a Union, when the only means by which the weaker is held connected with thestroqger portion, is foree. It may, indeed, keep them oonnhet- ed, but the conn^tion will partake much more of'the oharaoter t f subjugation on the part of tbd weaker lo the stronger, th to the union of free, independent and sovereign istates in one federal onion, as they stood in the eacjy stages of tbo goveniment, and whioh only is worthy of the sacred name of Union. Having now, senators, explained what it is that endangers the Union, and traced it to its cause, and explained its nature and character, the great qnes- tion again recurs. How oan the Union be saved 1 To this I answer, there is b a t one way by whioh it can be, and that is, by adopting such measures as wUl satisfy the states belonging tp the southom section that they can remain in the Union consistently with their ho­ nor and their safety. There is, again, only one way by whioh that can be effected, and that is by review­ ing the oanses by which this belief has been produced. Do that, and disconUnt will cease, bar ” ‘ ' testp e s teii^. Nor can the pla sraator from X e n tuc^^ S r w tiytothecdni tration. I, howei direct i viso, and thereby »i determined resUtan plioation, the &utlu>rit;f oi the territories, a nd olalms the right as helBOgihg ex- elusively to the inhabitants of the territories. B n t 40 effect the object of oxoluding the south, jttakeg care, in the-meantime, o f letting in emigrants fronx the n orthen! states, a nd other quarters, except emi­ grants from thefieuth, whioh it takes speciaTcare tor exolude, by bolding up to them the dread of having their slaves liberated under the Mexican laws. T h e necessary consequence is, to sjfslude the south from the territory, just a s effectually a s would the ‘W'ilmoe proviso. Tho only differenc* in this .respect Is, th a t what one proposes to effect dfreoUy apd openly, tho ----- -- -IT—4-•-^aireotjy a ndcovertlv. viso 'is more objeotiffuahle another and more imp^rb- er, to efifect its object, in- upon the constitution, t —,-------„ - ----------------- lates, as joint partners ar owners of the territories, of their rights in them ; bi it inflicts no greater wound thanis absolutely nece sary to effect its object. The former, o n the ebntra- hUo it inflicts the same wound, inflicts others Uy great, a nd if posdblo greater, as 1 shall n e x t ted to explain. claiming the right for the inhabitants, instead ----- Jngress, to legislate over the territories, in tho Executive pravise, i t assufises thdi; the severelgnty over the tem tiries ii Tegted in the former,' or,-to express in the language ufied in a rcBoIution offered ■ y one of the Senators fr apprenension oi aan_ question then is, By what means can — _ — , But before 1 undertake to answer this question, I pro­ pose to show by what it cannot be done. It cannot, then, be done by enlogies on the Union, however splendid or numerous. The ory of Union ! Union! the glorious Union ! oan no more prevent dis- nnion, than the ory of h e a lth! health! glorious health! on the p art of the p ^ sician. Can save a pa­ tient lying dangerously ill. So long as the Union, instead of being regarded as a protector, is regarded in the opposite character by not much less than a majority of the states, it will be in vain to attempt to concentrate them by pronouncing eulogies on it. Besides, this cry of Union comes commonly from those whom we cannot believe to bo sincere. It nsnaUy comes front our a ssailants; bnt we cannot be­ lieve them to'be -sjneere; for if they loved the Union, they would neoeS^rily be devoted to the constitu­ tion. ltm adethoU n ioD ,,andto destroy the oonsti- tutionj would bo to destroy the Union. B u t th o only reliable and certain evidence o f devotion to the con­ stitution is, to abstain, on the quo hand, from violai- ting it, and to repel, on tho other, all attempts to violate it. It is only by faithfully performing those high duties, that the Constitution oan be preserved, and with it-the thi \ ’ Union, then stands t aiiswar. a uilo wib , uua i^naa ib is sue umy iiisi,auce, (for there are many others,) b u t because the viola­ tion, in this particular, is too notorious and palpable to be denieA Again, have they stood forth faithfully to repel violations of the oonstitntion 1 L e t their course in reference to tfle agitation of the slavery question, which was commenced,and has been carried on for fifteen years, avowedly for the purpose of abolishing slavery in the states—an object all ao- knowledged to I . . . . . 4 t _x _ _ ______ LStitutio __ ____ __ __ iLem ekow a single instance, during thifl long period, in which ih e j hav«-denounced fchd agitators, or their many attempts to effect what is admitted to bo on- constitutional, or a single measure which they have brenght forward for that purpose. How can we, with aR these facts before us, believe that the^ a re sincere in their profession of devotion to the Lfdoi^ - or avoid belieying that, by assumijig tho cloak o f puf triotism, their profesBjoo is bnt intended to increase : . ’ the vigor o f their assaults, and to weaken the foide o f l - our resistance 1 Nor oan we regard the professioh of d e v a ^ n to the Union, on the p a rt of these who are sefb-OBr As­ sailants, as sincere, when they pronounce, oplggiei upon the Union evidently with the intent o f c h i ^ i p g us with disunion, without uttering, ope Word o i 8- pursue the course they obvii explain. N o r<»nthe Unton.be saved b y invoking the na of the illustriona aonthemer, g ipjoisorteiTemaina jpoeed by th e distin^i&heA nor tiiat o t tfie a toqnU tra- „.,ananro c c e a - of th e admlnis-- or^ha^**'’ distinguished and: w h ai^eV to inteiffiU to to f t o ’pl^L n ^ lf a v e adopted it, hecanso so manysenators o f distingntoho^ abilities, who were present when, he dsUvered his ( ^ e plan of the administration cannot save thcf nion, hecause itcan haveno effect towards *atisfy- g the^tcsw m p o siD g . the southern section ofth® Umon, th a t thoy can oonsistenUy -with safety and honor remain in tho Union. I t is, in fact, h u t a mo­ dification o f the Wilmot proviso. It proposes to ef­ fect the same object-rto exelnde the south from a ll the territory acquired: b y the Mexican treaty- It is> well known, th a t the south to united aeaanst thw Wilmot proviso, and h f ........................................... resolutions to r«fet,.Bhi south to united against _ __ tas committed itself bysolemn ution offen eneral Hon 2 sr.“K&.\ tice of the gOTernznent from its commeBcemcnc to this mosstroiis assamption. If tbo individuals . 10 have made this movement had gone Into Oalift r- ‘ nia as adventurers; and, if as sueh, they had con- quered the territory, and established their independ­ ence, the sovereignty of the country would have been vested in them as a separate and independent com­ munity. In that case, they would have had the right to form a constitution, and to establish a government for themselves; and if after that thoy had t h o n ^ t proper to apply to Congress for admission into the Union as a sovereign and independent state, aU this would have been regular and according to estabitobed But snch is not the case. It was tho ? K l \ . . except it can be she: been divested of tbei _ . Nor to it lass clear that the power of legislating over the territory is vested in Congress, and not, as isassumed in the inhabitants of the territories. Nono oan deny that the government of the United States have the power to acquire territories, either by war o r by treaty; brit if the jwwer to acquire|exists, it belOnga to Congress to cany it into execution. On'thisToinb the conititutioft eispi’eus* ihaU'haVepOwez^fomako n^^p^|eirbo constitution''in the governmenbof the United ^ a te s , or in any department lof offieersShereof.” It nmttora not, then. Where the power to v e sted; for if vested ah all in the government of the United States, or any of its departments or officers, the power carrying it into execution is clearly vested in Congress. B u t this important proviso, while it gives to Congress tho power of legislating over territories, imposes import­ ant restrictions on its exercise, by restricting Con­ gress to passing laws necessary and proper for carry­ ing the power into exeention. Tho prohibition ex­ tends, not only to a ll laws not suitable w appropriate to the object, bnt also to all that are unjust, unequal “ unfair, for all such laws would be unnecessary and proper, and, therefore, nnconEtitational. Having now established, beyond controversy, that ..ue sovereignty over the territories is vested in the United States—that is, in the several states corapo- sing theUnion—and that^tho power of legislating over them is expressly vested in Congress, it follows th a t the individnals in California who have nndertaken to form a c onstitntion and a state, and to exercise tho power of legislation, without the consent o f Congress, have usurped the sovereignty of the states and tho authority of Congress, and have acted in open defi­ ance of both. In other words, what they have done is revolutionary and rebeUions in its character, anar­ chical in its tendency, and calculated to lead to tho nost dangerous consequences. Had they a cted from, iremediiation and design, it would have been in fact: in actual rebellion, but snch is not the case. The blame lies much less upon them, than upon those who have induced them to take a course so unconstitu­ tional and dangerous. They have been led into i t b y language h eld here, and the course pursued by tho executive branch of the government. 1 have not seen the answer of the ExecutivO to the calls made by the two honses of Congress, for infor- nation a ato the course which i t topk, or the part rhioh it acted, in reference to w hat was done in Cali- omia. I understand the answers have not y e t been minted. Bnt there to enough known to justify tho iBsertioB, that those who profess to represent and a ct under the authority of the Executive, have advtoei^ aided, and encouraged the movement which termi­ nated in forming what they caU a cohstitutioa and a state. General Riley, who prefessed to act qs civil Governor, called the convention, determined on tbo number and distribution of the delegates, appointed the time and place of its meeting, was present during the session, and gave its proceeatngs his a nprobatioa and sanction. If he acted without autnorityj ho ought to have been tried, or, a t least, reprimanded and disarmed. Neither having been done, tjfio pre­ decessor. If from the former, i t would im p R i^e tb o preceding as well a s the present administration. If not, the refiponsihilityrests exolnsirely o n the present. It is manifest, from th is statement, th a t th e Execu­ tive Department has-undertaken-to perform: acts pre­ paratory to the meeting ofeUie individnals, tOJojrm their so called constitution a n d 4itate govennocht,. which appertain e iolnsivelyt* Congresii A d e e d they are identical in many respects w i t h t h e '^ v i r i o n s adopted by Congress, w h ^ it gives permissionTO- a te r r ito ^ toibrm -a constitntion and goverciaent, i a oid e rtd b e a d fm ttcA a x a stateinto the Union. HaviBgm&W .«b«viitbatt^e4sniBptianupoawhrcIi Ute Execiitiraaiidjih«1ttdi7idturis'{nUi^P^^^i!h^% ttoonghoB tabi»*b8W saffan¥lsM o i® « l,«B ito^^ ‘-'onal, and dangerous, i t remkuit-lbrm Kisi^lsw- ■ ‘ larks, in order to shoiHihat T r ii^ h a s , contrary to the entire practice of ^ o r e i v m ^ j^ ^ B p n its commencement to the present tune. ^ From its commencement u n til the timo thafM Ichi- gon was admitted, the practice was uniform. Torri- tonal govemments were flrstorgaBixed b y G on^ess- T b e government of the United S tites appointed tfie governors, judges, secretaries, m g n h a te, and qfhec officers, and the inhabitants o f theterriti^-w e r A ¥ e - presented by legislative bodies, wh'osewet* w:e}e. kub- jeot to the revision o f Congress. Thisstale df *Mngs continued u ntil tho government of vt teiritory ap­ plied to Congress to perm it its iidiabi a constitotion and .government, p admission into the Umon. The act to giving perHiissien, w as t d &sc< the inhabitanls were fiaffielfintly preparatory to T he preUminary l « - -.t-ither . ‘Orbain wheth. numotous to ite. This was done and tho ': t | 1 i - i ; -i.: i-

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