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Evening post. (New York [N.Y.]) 1850-1919, March 02, 1850, Image 1

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t a f i POSTs N i w t o i f e S iT t r R p j y . MAKCa i 1850 . « x ^ i tft!sBdUI«]^rfi>iu,«Tlb«f(Siffldi]!tbe kArxaUt- j«ortl»pr«efettfnO T e jT rline*r!i!ai«fltsiB l^tj- h ost <rf «»ifetfc»e*i®^tj^Icaay»njnI»II»ieB^lie bjsptisgg of OTcr wSss^and.'lib«zaI:&X33l-of Oovcxauaeni- 7. E a f if M . TkiiU&^fcB*btaHle*W* e * iiic ! t « « i U *ttee«limaeT, ttis Q wenuaeiit wai e reiflna lui augncat- Sog snloitfaQuig aonrce ol pnbUc roreime i ItesolTed, That the txrtto aa3 htSartfcii tHatflcS' of this Meeting be and are iereby extended to Senators and RepresentatiTes In Congress Tibo. c a tc to g the first •Jnanifesfatjoaof thearJahes of the irotkinfemen of the .sjomaaiaity tefisTor of the distrilmtion of the nnblie tctoaS telUeTainqnantitieB snffislentfbr actual !es,h*Te already m o redintlhiicfficiilstations ^ ^^eompHshnient of t i l s ^great parnoae, and that sofflcersof thisweetine be directed to conmumicate eai proceedings to those gentlemen. EesolTed. Thatwe ^ p a t h z i e with George Copway. 'the eloqnent Indian Chief, who mtraTelling to this city to aditeeMf thiSmeeiSng,SnetwlthaseTere accident, which \eampeft his absence. Several spirited speeches were made in the eonrse o f theeTcmag, b y Mr.!Greeley, J 4 r . *131018*8 Gf. M r. L . B. Shepherd, Tomlinson, Mr. Cochnn, Mr. De- BsQ send others. ,*¥IO i £ d r J t^ iaC A . . - Si>4asa1»-wKj Jan. ^ ,1850 - 3n n iy liatt c o m m ^ c a f iOh t stnted th a t th e Jocta legislattM of tiuaiaUnct h a d n elther theindependence hor-thapbw w n e e e ssM y tom a k e it, to any extent. repre8tota.tiveof the people. A fetr& c ts will show the f mwioC w h a t l say. T h e I d a n d is d iT idod ^ into twenty-two parishes, a# they are caQed, each of which sends two, and ^glteh iS p a a isid o w n a n d P d rl Beyal,one additional delegate to the AasemUy, malcing the aggregate forty-seven, wrhen the House is fnlL Every member^ before taking T.Tw ceot, is re<|tzired to sweer that be and his wife togctbvr, if ho have a wife, are worth a d e a r income of f900 a year, from real estate, o t that they own real e state worth $9,000, or real and person­ al estate together, worth about $15,000 ; he gets his seat he is obliged to discharge without legislation,: parstivolyrich, andeiclndes in. This, of course, 1 t into the bands of the landholders, any compensation. This, of course, throws dation, not only into the hands of the com- THE EVENING POST SATURDAY EVENING, MARCH 2. ST^JCNTSTG p o s n r JB oo I c and. J o h Pzrljatlne *We beg ear snhscrlbeM and fWends 1« beer in mini ihat attached to the Evening Post Office is a well ap­ pointed Book and Job Printing establishment, prepared to execrate any kind of printing that may be required - Books,.Cataiogues, Circulars, Cards, Showbills, Handbills LabeU, Bill Heads, Bills of Lading, Entries, Manifests. Contracts, Mercantile and Law Blanks, Checks, Policies &c. fee., executed at the tiortetC nstice and a t the lo Special attention will be given to the printing of law cases and points with accuracy, neatness and der^atch WILLIAM C. BRTANT a CO., 18 Nepean street. According to a statement in tho speech of Color el Into the American Bissau, pablished in the Evening Post of yesterday, f cenntry belonging to the s< iltted ij population was, > arriyal of emi- issell, pnbliei 0 extent of cenntry belonging to the seventeen states which have been admltt Union since our constitution was adopted is appor­ tioned thus : The new free states are 333,259 square milea in extent ; the new slave states 730,376. these arrangements, as in a ll others, the slave states have had the a d v antage. The free from the beginning, increased by lh( grants from Europe, infinitely faster than clave population and their owners, yet when we «ome to calculate the extent of the country assigne as the abode of the free laborers within the Union, a'jice the original thirteen states formed their confeii- oraoy, we find that notwithstaeding their superior aum b ers they have been p ut off with less than third of the land. This is a natural consequence of the predominance o f the slave holding power in Congress. “ They will take, who have the power.” The slave states, not- 'withstandlng thesmoUness of their population,have an equal representation with the free states in the Senate, and in the House of Representatives, the 8laTes,chough they have otherwise no political existence, are repre­ sented as well as their masters. The article in the Independent, a weekly print published in t ^ s city, states the inequality arising from this arrangement in such forcible terms that we are induced to copy it, vritluthe remark, that the present,struggle is not to get rid of this inequality, but simply to make more endurable by eonflaing the instil its cause to its present limits. ititution waieh is £,: -.a s s men. But by the census of 18-10 the number of • slaves waa returned at 2,487,3.53;- t h e y are there­ fore of equal weijght in determining the number of members of the House of Representatives with I,- 492>,413 free white persons. As 70,680 persons are entitled to one representative, the addition made to the representation from the slave-holding states in c ^ e q u e n c e of their slaves, is twenty-one members. freo state of Ohio sends only twenty-one members. Pennsylvania sends only twenty-three members, ■wMoh is only two more than the slaves send. The great states of Indiana, lUinois and .Michigan, toge ther, send leaqthan twonty-ono members. “ Let as take one or two instances in detail, which wiB show what a prolific source of power this regula tion is to the slave-holding interest. South Carolina, Representatives, and left an overplus of 55,320 per­ sons. Four members were awarded to her on the ba- tion, would give her two members, with an overplus of 5 4 ,8^. She has in the House seven members, and must therefore have been awarded four members on the basis o f her free population, and three on the ba­ sis o f her slaves. But the whole seven weie elected Soutn Carolma every 38,194free persons send a repre­ sentative to Congress ; while in the free states only 70,680 persons elect a member. Thus the slave­ holding interest has nearly double the representation inlhe^H o ^ e , that the same number of citizens of a tion was therefore ojiiy 28,700, and yet - i-’- presentativ© in Congress and two Senal Such discriminations, of course, are as pernicious as they are absurd, and have reanited, as any man of sense could have anticipated, and as was probably designed, in subordinating the interest of the com­ mercial, mechanical and industrial classes to that of the large landholders. AH the energies of legisla­ tion are exer ted to promote the growth and sale of t there is no party in the Assem- 0, they sugar and bly inquiring about the inexhaustible o and manufacturing resources of the island. In spite of these conditions, imposed by Ic candidates applying fir seats in the legislature, might still possess some of the more important func­ tions of a representative, if their constituency were free, and if the righ t of suffrage was liberally extend­ ed. But here again we find a characteristic distrust of poor man, and a truly English anxiety to guard the landholder. E v ery voter must own a freehold estate worth $30, or payayearly rent on real) estate of not less than $140, or pay yearly taxes to the amount of $15. The first oonscqaence of these restrictions is, that the pujple of the Island are not only ineligible ts the legislature, but they have nothing to do with making a selection from those who are. 1 say people for of conrsa the great bulk of the adult population poor ; they are colored people who, only six- n years ago, were, with no considerabl ne popula- ihich is a slaves. Of the 400,000 people who, according to ceived estimate, constitute the present population of Jamaica, but 16,000 are white. The remaining 3tH,000 are colored and black people. A census, taken in 1844 fixed the proportians of these as follows; colored, 68,529 ; blacks, 293,128. The average vole of this entire population, white and black, I understand, has never exceeded 3,000—or, three-quarters per cent.— The city of New York, with about tho same tion, usually polls over 50,000 votes, smaller proportion other county in any But this is not all. W hen the legislature is chosen, it has no control over the questions of fundamental interest. The heart of its legislation beats in Lon­ don, over which it has no more control than the fin­ ger nails have, over the circulation of tho blood. The island legislature can levy taxes for local pur­ poses ; it must raise money to pay the officers sent out rule over it, it can keep the highways in condition > nust support the established church, it 1 vide public instruction, it may establish a po even these powers it exercises subject to the approval of tho Queen or of Parliament. The organization of their local government, tho .appointments to fill the various executive' offices, and the taxes payable upon imports and exports, are all matters with which the island legislature have nothing to do. But even in its local legislation I have not exhibited aU itcimpo The Governor is vested with power “ to adjour prorogue, or disso/rf” the Assembly at his pleasni and is invested with almost the entire patronage the island, which is altogether controlling. Some notion of its extent may bo formed from the follow- : items, which have fallen under my observation, appoints the Vice CbanceUoi about §12,600 a year ; two salaries of $10,000 a year quarter sessions, a t $6000 a year each ; tl mg b arristers to canvass tho votes of the island an­ nually, at $1,000 a year each; a commissioner Of three official Assignees of proprietoirs all the w< liament, M ttins forth thfi evil* mrident to Out p r«ei?t oix»nii»tionofthoConaeil, «sd reqaetting it m » j bo cb»B|:0d in «ac!x a way as to prereilt“tfe>»e members whose ineome « retrenchment bill would affect, from having the power to defeat iU pawage. This memorial baa been the prosunent partj of the last seseion e f the Aeeembly Of coarse,: resisted hy the administration with all their p I t passed, however, only two or three days since, by a large majority It is to be sent to Lord Stanley^ la the Hoase of 'Lords, and to Mr. Roebuck, f think, in the House of Commons, who are expected to present R to those IxSdi^ respectively, with a speech. Xliis been-Ahe promizxent qaeation of the last SeesiOB. . i t they earned their retrench­ ment bm, they would ea dollars a year, scarcely n ter, one would suppose, to make such a pother about A n d y e t it is the most direct mode left to them, of promoting their prosperity by legislation A better illustration conld not be desired, to show the utter ipotonce of this Assembly, and the over-shadowing ithority of tho government. The country party embraces most of the English planters. Tho colored people generally support the government. This surprised me a t first, b ut I soon came to understand it. In the first place, English ito are tho natural enemies of the operatives world over ; in the next place the government have felt the necessity of conciliating the colored men in Jamaica in every possible way, and hence it is that this part of the population fill at least nine- tenths of all the offices. I think there has been sincere desire felt by the heads of the government in England to have the blacks prosper and vindicate the philanthropic purpose which secured their liberty. political appointments to ho made from that c But tho political and physical strength of the blacks has become formidable, and if those people were become thoroughly alienated from their allegian the island would very soon become nninbabitable to English people, a u dits commerce would be ruined. C ondition of the S treets . - it seems to be rule with the city authorities that, a t certain seasons of the year, no attention is to 'be paid to the cleanli­ ness of the streets, whatever may be the accumulatU of dirt, and whatever may be the facility of its re­ moval. During tho greater part of tho present winter it has been quite as easy, and all keep the streets perfectly clean, the filth has not been fastened down and rendered in­ offensive by being frozen. The oi'y authorities, how­ ever, have been grossly negligent, and impurities, of ail sorts, have been allowed to accumulato for weeks, and in some places for months. During the whole of the month of February, Broad­ way has been enveloped in a cloud of dust, except i mediately after a shower. Until tho rain of night fore last, which washed the streets, and floated off a considerable part of the dirt, the wheels and wind together kept such quantities of it suspended in air, that the fi -W** inliai doito Douil^Waess, They lousd Wi with the Sat, ’SKissJufttipiStr\\' For thamwavpeafc—orhoia our tongue*, FoEthaoiwe turn lad twist. We Join tluBt iu thrir howl against Free soH and “ ab^Kitni,” Tbst firebrsad—that icnSfe— WMeh sish oux Und’s eoBdiUoc^ And texYa no of lif© to any Dongb-FKB politician. foot pas.songer wa petual shower of gravel, a.-hos a mentionablc filth. Toe st former condition, and to-morrow will bi ;n; lary of three revis- six chairmen of stamps, at $2,500 a year insolvents, at $2,1 to regulate the landing Senate theleso ^ ,760 persona have as oil the inhabitants of the la □ Qch political power as adl th e inhabitants of tho largest state in the Union. If tho state of New York sent a. member to the House of Representatives for every 28,760 persons of her inhabitants, instead of having thirty- four rmembers as. a t present, she would have eighty- “ Now apply the eame fact to the election of a President. Each state casts as many votes as it has Representacives and c^nators in Consjress. P'lo- rMa. with 28,760 free whit© persous, gives three votes. whUst New York, with 2,42S,D21 inhabitants t t tho last eonsns, z m a only thirty-six votes. Tho inequality in the vote of the two states is as one to twelve, whereas the inequality in the free inha­ bitants la as one to eightv-fonr. Delaware presents another iastanca of great inequality, and Texas an- “ Take another view of the question of power. In the free states 70,680 persons sendene Representative to' Congress. Now the number o f slave-owners is es- tim atca a t nearly, 300,000. ThMo persons therefore Bond twenty one Representatives to Uongress through thoirilares. This la in the - -------- ------- - ------------- 'her to 14,285 persons. “ Agam , six New Knj 3 proportion of one mem- on of the south is n free states send _ I, six New England state: members to the H o u se ; ihree : ty-threa, and six western ' whilst fifteen ilaTe-hold: members. Deduct twen , score o f slaye representation, a n d ' bcia sent by thejQreo white popnls seventy. In other words, the fifteen free states si to the House one hundred and thirty-nine members, -and the free population of the slave-holding states sendsserenty membors; whereas to the Senate tho fifteen free states send thirty Senators, and the fifteen slave-holding states send thirty Senators. In whose hands is the sceptre of tho nation 1” T U E W H I G S US TAMMASY H A L L . Two weeks ainee, it will be remembered, a meeting of democrats was held a t Tammany Hall, in tht c iursa of whieh, some troublesome fellows, who sough to disturb its proceedings were forcibly removed fron th e room. Having discovered, some days previously th a t their faetion embraced but a minority of the General Committee, and that their powers of mis­ chief through that organization were gone, they pttblio moot 1*1 CoBunitt Unwilling to relinqr suedsued a second T h e y were properly compelled to have is i IS purpos d coll for a meeting this e her equal condemnation o f their coarse, they have enlistee 1 their cause. \We referred, a day or ir call of sons who have spent their lives in denouncing thi 3, they oning, nee, to several names appe ms who have spent the ir lii mocraoy'of T ammany H all, and w' not, mpst cheerfully given their leaded to their a who have, we doubt mpst cheerfully given the ir names and their money to encourage this soheme to sow dissension in onr ranks. The whig jbumala have shown an unusual concern lest Mr. V/al4h a n iM r . Sickles, a n d M r. Brady and • Mr- Strahan, should not have fair play, a nd we pre- K m e , from th;o note of preparation which is heard, h has been levied from the sub- proonre from the _ = .-iriy, that kind of Aid wliich IVXc£5rs> Stokl&3 & Co. appear to stood most in need at t'lie former meeting. _ Tho whig papers jsall these men tho police. We never heard them called by that name before. They are more familiarly known as “ peace makers,” a class o f men who, for hire, will procure such an ex- pien io n of opinion from pnblic meetings as their em­ ployers desire, without regard to the number of broken beads and disfigured faces which the effort m a y jiyolve. T h e primary elections of the whigs last fklL enlargedthenum b e rof this class of opera­ tives coniidKably, and in tho Twelfth W ard, the leridenoe e f om? m fleiible sheriff, Mr.. Camley, i aitjd th a t nearly two hundred were under fight orders a t one tim e. Since then, they have h ad ‘ of using them in a way to 3 of our party, is too » tojio, a nd th e opiwrtunrty ^ promote disturbance in tbb tenk s o f our party, ^valuable tqbe neglected. *Eheip fetrices, however, will not bo i/ej»-eanbojiom ore effeci disposing of than to N yhan’s who infest the democratic Camp, im /% o n a chance tb be h eard, a n d assuming, their wing allies haW lfired the etening, we tm s t th a t t h ^ may have a n tWhk, which win not §2,UO), an^ ly, ho has year each ; nine water bailiffs la and discharge of vessels, with la t h i s discretion; seventeen health officers inJ an indefinite number of assistants, at undefined ialaries ; an agent general of immigration, at a sal­ ary of $l,.'>b0 a year ; an inspector general of police, at a dUoret.'onary compensation ; an inspector gene­ ral of prison.s, at a Salary of $3,il00 a year ; a super- it at $1,500 ; an auditor of accounts at and some fifty subordinate officers ; and final- tias the extraordinary power of suspending any member of the Council, and of appointing a new i^ember in his place. This reminds me that I have no^^et said any thing of the. third branch of the government. The Council is the upper house of legislation in .Tamaica, and is composed of twelve men appointed by tho crown, of whom the Lieutenant Governor, the Chief Justice, the Attsrney General and the Bisht are ij-officio members. All bills originate with tl lower house, but they must pass the Council before they go to the Executive or ckn become laws Uf course nothing can pa.i this body, thus constituted and aip.uinted, which is not perfectly satbfactory to the Colonial minister, uor docs any thing ever pass it against the withes i f the Governor. It is nomi­ nally a branch of the legislature, but in fact is nothing but a cabinet or sort of privy counoU, with which the Governor consults, and which ho uses as a sort of breakwater between himself and the lower house. They are an independent legislative body istioDS in which the Governor has no inter- fill parpoeea of ro« spendent legist upon questions in which the Governor ht ost, but they are as ii gistaDoa to him as hii From the illustrationa here presented, it is appa­ rent that the executive patronage reaches every point of influence and every interest worth conciliating or promoting on the island, and enables the Governor praotically to dictate its legislation. 1 need hardly say t thus constituted and rest to strangers, and furnish a very narrow theatre for the display of oratory or statesmanship. The questions never involve any principle, and the dis, contains many gentlemen of telent and high rank in their respective professions, they never find occasion to display it here. Their debates are quite as infor- nal and o( ' Isgislaticm disposes of far less consi- its in the course of a year. e deliberations of a body i8s but little int y narrow Iheat ,nd colloquial as those of yonr Board of Alder­ men. and the ir Isgislaticm dispose derable inter|sts in the cbnise of It is'difficult to convey any satisfactory idea of the state of political parties here, for they can hardly be said to have any state. They are not arrayed upon of the issues which classify the inhabitants uf the British Parliament in which they have any inte­ rest, they are for the most part agreed. Colonial as­ sistance of any kind all desire, and all are hostile to free trade. The appointees of tho present govern­ ment have prudence enough not to proclaim their sentiments upon the house-tops, but even they do not disguise them a t the fire side. It is to free trade they ascribe their ruin, not to tho abolition of slavery. I did n ot find a man upon the island, and I was assured by numbers, perfectly informed upon the subject, that there was not in their opinion a man residing in Jamaica, who would restore slavery, if it was in his power. They say that if they only had the pro­ tection on the staples of tho island which they en­ joyed with slavery, they would prosper. It was tho removal of that protection, added to tho advanced price of labor, ocoasioned by the emancipation of slaves, which compelled them to surrender their ac­ customed markets to the cheaper slave-grown pro­ duct ions of Cuba and Brazil. The party lines are most distinctly drawn here be tween what are known, the one as the ‘ K ings House,’ and the other, the Country Party—the former being thq admLoistration and the latter, tho opposition par- e prominent measure pending before them of a strictly p arty oharaeter is the retrenchment of salaries. The country p arty is composed mostly of the planters a nd large proprietors of land, who in­ sist that in the present depressed and impoverished of the island it is impossible to pay tho enormous salaries which were g ranted in the days of their prosperity. They say, and with reason, that forty-thonaand dollars a year is too much for a Gov- of four hundred thousand people, when the President of the United States, with twenty millions of subjects, receives only twenty-five thonsand a year —that fifteen thousand dollars for a Chief Justice of J amaica, and ten thousand for each of bis associates^ is extravagant, when the Chief Justice of the high­ est tribunal in the United States only gels $6000; and BO on through a succession of salaries all propor­ tionately enormous and equally unnecessary. The administration party, on Che other band, say that none of those holding office find their compensa­ tion excessive ; that a residence in a hot climate, and distant from home, deserves good s a laries; th a t they accepted office under tho present rale; a n d they have vested interest in their salaries,which ought not to bo \\ ntry party, not satisfied with these their biU. moiety of their income, took good car© that the bill not pas*. T i e country patty seat a memorial to Ministei; for the Cdoni#*, requ#*ting th a t tho mted in a way i violated. T h e' reasons, introdnoed from four or five of whom it would cut off an i I O n ^ e f o u t i^ a i m e r c t e J nfiG. Council B it be re-eonstitnted i t way to onablo presnon- isteif8iAHe,an theB rem iecint The memorial was throw n tmder t l isteifs t*H e, a n d * speech about the eolbhlei^ froid w hidi a © th e Honso o f CommbB*,fnaortEfmj thy and figures, was aU tho satisfiMUon i msmofiallatB obteunscl. The -Vftr Orkar I’lCiiijunc, m commontiDg upon the declaration ef Bi'm en, that Georgia would “ never consent” to the admission of California into tho Union, with her present constitution, likens it to the case of the Massachusetts Legislature, which de­ clared that it would never consent to tha annexation of'I'exas. Tho Picayune proceeds thus ; “ But Texas was annexed without the consent of Massachusetts ; and, having refused that consent to the last, that prudent state, finding the deed done without her, quietly submitted to what couM not be helped, and lurgot that she had ever talked ol di.s- solving the Union. Tho opposition of Georgia to California will probable be of the same character and have tho same end .'^he will never consent to admis­ sion So long as it is an open que.stion upon which her votes are called for : but when lllo decision is given, sne will yield acquiesiencc, a.< .Massachusotls did — The idea of dissolving tho Union, or withdrawing from it, because Congress may have admitted a new state into the I'nion, with a eonstilution which is un­ questionably republican, will not, we think, bo seri­ ously entertained, even in Georgia. Constitutional hostility will bo exhausted ; but there, wo believe, lieorgia will stop, and we do not suppose that Mr Berrien has intended to express any thing more. “ The constitutional right of Congress to admit California is past dispute. There is not a disqualifi­ cation alleged against her, which has not existed quirod by treaty, so were all tho slates west of tho .Mississippi ; if she ha.s never been subject to tbo au­ thority of Congress, either as a territory or a state, such was the condition ofT e.vas , if she has framed a constitutioa without any pretioiis .saDction of law au­ thorizing a convention, so of the states within the original limits uf the Union, did Tennessee and .Mi- chigan ; if she has boundaries whieh are di.sapproved, so had Iowa and Michigan These states are not constitutionally in the t nion, if such defects form constitutional disqualifications. If they all e.vist, as against her, they would strengthen the gronnds of expediency for refusing admission, but they form no obstacle which it is not in the compotenoy of Con­ gress to overlook. Tho precedents nave established as a fact, that there is no uniform rule, other than the discretion of Congress, in the admission of states which offer republican constitutions \ N ew P u b l ica tio n s . irARTAi.N’'- M aga /. ine . , FOR M ari h , has been is- Dewittewitt A\ Davenport,avenport, of this city. Among sued by D A D its articles is one on the \ Hungai its Consequences,\ by 1'. .1. Ciuni agai. a the Austi despoti.-^m .d, illu.strai made oonspicnous G oiiev '-- L ady ' s Booh, for M a K' H, issued by H Long A Brothers, of this city, has its usual profusion of embellhhments. Among them is tho portrait of the musical editor of the periodical, J uUan Cramer, a young man apparently fitted to make an elegant figure in a drawing room, who writes verses, as well as composes music—and the sample of his poetry in the present number is really creditable. Am contributors are Simms, Tuokorman, Mrs. Iho H ot , Dr, Cheater, iVc. iVc. . _ T he LrjRG.NEi rE, .\'o. V'., has been published by Henry kernot. 1 his little work, consisting of lively sketches of the follies of New York fashionable life, ■ittracts, we are told, much notice among the class whose peculiarities it de.-nirihos. M ii .. van . ’ s KoirioN OP C iiiii .. in . ’ s D e ' PINE and F ai . i , op T he I voman E mpire , is in the course of republication, by l^hiilips, r-ampson A\ Co , of Bos­ ton. Tho Crst volume is published, in a convenient duodecimo form, with a readable page, and the work is to bo comploto in six volumes. Burgoss &: String­ er are tho agents here. T he M- yrch N fmher of the N ew Y ork J ofr - .NAL OF M edicine , edited by Dr. S. Purple, and pub- R. F'. ilndsoD, is on our table. It contains ioal notice of Medioal Soieoco in Massachu- :, by l)r. S. W . Williams, a Medical Sketch of Southgate, and many other original papers. The de- cign Medioal Hetrospeet, ,h diligence, and has much partment entitled the Forei( appears to bo compiled interest for general readers. The Albany ^ tla s publishes a review of Ham­ mond’s Political History of New York, in which the merits of tho work are discussed at a good deal of length and with ability. To the impartiality of Judge Hammond, the reviewer gives just praise, and says truly, that if any errors are to bo found in his narrative, they are not owing to political or personal bias. We have read, for our own part, few historical tion as from this’work of Ji larly the earlier portion of written with more freedom and s] nuoh instruo- adge Hammond’s, particu- it, which, it seems to us, is Tho Hon. II dward GiLBKRr, one of the delegates I Congress, elect from California, and one of the proprietors of the Alta California, has accepted an invitation, numerously signed by tho most prominent citizens in Albany, to reeeive a public dinner in that city, a t his convenience. Mr. Gilbert was a practi­ cal printer in Albany, only three years ago, and this ation is an honorable tribute to the character he has earned for himself among her citizens. A mercantile friend furnishes us with the following obituary notice of a very useful man, lately lost to the community ; “ Died on tho 25th ultimo, in the sixty-first year of his ago, WiLi,iA.M WiuGHT, of the late firm of Isaac W right & Son, one of tho fqnnders of the present system of lines of packet ships, and, as I sincerely believe, the pfincipal cause of their success. “ The first lino of packet ships established between this country and Europe was what is called “ The Black Ball Line,” plying between this port and Liverpool. It was founded by Mr- W right and his associates. It was his indefatigable industry, a ttention to bosiness, and pride in their p unctual sailing on the day fixed, that g a vetopaoketsthesaperiorityin public estimation to any other convoyanoe. W hen he had, in this man­ ner, convinced the public th a t these regular lines were preferable to transient vessels, others stepped in and bonafitting by his enterprise and industry, established line after lino of ships and steamboats, to almost r port in Europe and on our own coast. For this, 1 r.M.nlc, the citisens of New York are as much in­ debted to him as to Fulton for the propelling of boats by steam, or to Morse for the invention of the eleo- trio telegraph; and no one ^oubts our obligations to them, however much their inventions may bo improv­ ed on hereafter. I t is true that M r. W right never pushed Jumsolf forward a t a Castle Gard< meeting, never solicited a friend to g e t him member of Congress, nor made himself conspicn- * t Wjy public p oliti«ri assembly ; but, in a ci •ew ipointof viow, h e did more for the #ella« this city than any five men now living in it. iteta mitda tbemselTeii more talked of, b u t i & r b ehindhiin in what they did. Tl te b p c e ^ e d to bis igrave without even lie li»#d.|afirrf,*hd w i * The “ vesnar party naagea” For ns, and no new Issues'.” Moving and bartering nigger slaves WUh“ the two great parUes Is very different ground. Beyond all such we know a term t harming to ears and eyes, TNJwing up' ind tongue o&nnot touch us ; &nt gain wu heod. Xlaen, •Ol'together, Dough-Facea ' ^ T h l \ r r ; i r w ‘u r : h a t s ; “ ’ Take heart, then, sweet companions, We do not ask a bold brare froint; W'e never try that game , T would bring the storm upon A huge mad storm of shame F.vado It brothers-subterfuge irave fro PArMiSOK FA T A L EXPLOSION ON T H E CAQtDEN K A L IRO A O . The twelve o’clock morning train of oars from Phi- liuielphia, consisting of three first class, one second class passenger car, and one car of baggage crates, drawn by Engine No. 29, eight feet driving wheels, left Camden at twelve imnates past noon yes­ terday, and had proceeded ifs far os tho small village of White Hill, on the Delaware, twenty eight miles from Camden and one mile from Bordontown, when tho boiler of the immense erfgico exploded, causing the instant death of two engineers, and dangoroiuly, if not fatally wounding tho ^ a istant, a fireman and The train had just passed a curve, and was probo- tho rate of about twonty-fivo miles per momentum of the train carryizg it about eight rods from the place of explosion before the oars brought to a stand—tho engine being thrown off tho track at right angles, crushing one of tho mammoth wheels on which it fell, and dragging after it the baggage oar, the crates of whieh wore tern to pieces and piled up in frightful conlusion. All tho remaining cars kept their place on tho track, and no bly going s hour, the b M i . Boyd, tbe sMoncl mate of the lUiode M * n d ,' WM examined 1^ great Jeogtk be^oce tbe United StetM CoQuakdoner^ y a ^ r d a y , batnolK m U re e^> dsneewai obtained e t to the oante of the lom of th a t vemeL H is tactimony gave tb s same aeconnt of the aband(mment.of the ship a s b a t been given beffira in the newspapers ; a n d U was confirmed by th a t of J ohn iHavbt, a fireman, and Robert Boyle, another of tbe persons who waa on board. M r. Boyd was of course disphargeCt. f o t EntJCATldW will ann adjourneddjourned meetingeeting thishis evemne, a t 7 o'clock. expectiedto T hje N ew Y oe X A cademy bold a a m t in the ehapel of the York Lfnivarrtby. Qaesrion for disfinsriou—Do our colleges answer the demands of education in this country 1 Mr. James N. McEl- ligott is expected to open the discussion. Professor Cyrus Mason, and other distinguishod gentlemen are ic t speak. Great interest has been mani- !d in the discussion of this question, in conse­ quence of which the debate has been continued.— These meetings are open to the publio. Those inter­ ested in the progress of education are invited to afe- A noble new steamship, of Collins’s Liverpool line, was launched this morning, from Webb’s yard. There were thousands of people gathered to witi the sublime sight. A t 12 o’clock precisely, she was struck from the stocks, and moved down into the water gracefully, amid the repeated shouts of the spectators. This vessel, tho Baltic by name, is one of the most beautiful models of a ship we ever saw. H er tonnage is more than three thousand tons, and furnished in every ishod in every part with the utmost ele- jance i«nd neatnesS' In appearance she equal to any of the English steamers that Bertucca’s benefit last evening drew together irge audience at the Opera House. Tho play was isini’s Otello, which was given with admirable ef- venlng drew togeth a House. Tho play itello, which wai ot by the principal artists ive Don Giovanni again, on the occasion of Sanqui lee delightfulelightful melodieslodies in whichi tb rico’s benefit. Th d me in wh genius of Mozart was so prolific, render this opera tho most popular one that can bo put upon tho stage. Mr. Elder, who was charged with embezzling the fnnJs of tho Butoher’s Mi further hearing yesterday. >d from tbe te ing Association, had a lestimony, that he retained alleges to be due him as com­ missions on his purchases for the company. The in- Tho examination of Wm. E. Milligan, Esq , who lablishingi a libel upon the character is charged ^ilh p and capacity of J i intgomery, respecting the :ploded boiler in Hague street, was to have been resumed yesterday morning, but was adjourned ijO consequence of Justice Lathroj with business. ustioo Lathrop being overrun Suprem e C o u r t—O e n e rol T e r m . Befum kilmoaiis, Preniding Justice , Edwards and Mitchell Justices Dzcisiocs. .March '2, 1M50. il up in frighlfi kept their plaoi serious injury happened to any person but those o lire wing in the ex- the engine and tender. Not so with those on the engine—the spectacle pre­ sented by tho bodies (dead and dying) of those blown le engine and tender, was harre Martin Fisher, the engineer, who had road about five years, and had tho reputation of being one of tho mo.st careful men in his profession, some distance beyond where the landed, struck on hU feet, life yet remaining, ai m.'itant more he fell a disfigured corpse. He waa about thirty y.jars ot age ; had no family. Jame.- .'■'oward, formerly an engineer on this road, wa.s on the engine ami killed instantly ; his body was found under tho driving wheel ol tho engine, by tho side of a largo stone, on which tho wheel struck, and hich prevented hia body from being smashed to toms His aoath waa oauaea by ablow on the right frontal bone. He waa 25 or 30 years of age, and most afflioting to state, he leaves a wife and two children ; 8outh Amboy. John Flannigan, a brakeman, aged about 28 years, as on the tender at the time. Hia skull was frac­ tured in two or more places, and bosidos this, his right frontal bone was laid entirely bare. At first he 3 supposed to be dying, but the speedy arrival of 8. C’ook and Fahnestock, of Bordontown, (whence CDginc bad been despatched as soon as tho eiplo- siin was hoard,) who dressed his wounds, caused some hopes to ho indulged of his recovery. It was mely d'.ubtful, however, when tho train left, an hour ami three •(uartcrslatcr, whether he would sur- He leaves a wife and three children, as wearo Enoch Greenleaf, a stout boy about 16 years of age, who acted as assistant fireman was very badly scalded, and hia face covered with blood—ho was thoroughly dronohod with water and steam, and his cries were most heartrending. Before we left, by sur­ gical aid and the influence of opiates, he had become quiet, and it was probable he would recover. His widowed mother, with two or three children, lives in .-Joulh Amboy. Tho father of this lad was instantly lulled by a collision of two freight trains, which oc­ curred at I’rospect I’lain, three years ago. William Ford, tho first fireman, was somewhat scalded on the back, bat not so as to prevent his ■alkiiug about. No one else was injured, with tho exception of Mr. Edward Muschamp, tho gentle­ manly sonduotor of the road, to whom tho passon- I wore much indebted for doipatohing them by ihor train, He was on tho platform of the second class car, and reooivod a severe bruise on the head. Although all tho rubbish had to bo cleared away, and baggage recovered, the train was delayed less n two hours. We do not undertake to say what 1 tho cause of tbo accident, as an investigation will probably take place to-day, when tho engine will be thoroughly examined. The whole crown of tho furnace was blown out. It was one of tho only throe with e'ght feet driving wheels on the road, was made r Norris of Fhiladelphia, and had re weeks. It was apparently one of those unm ij remarkable occurrences which no official fore\ jht could have prevented. Jt was lamentably fa- ,1. We were all sincerely thankful it was no worse. We have these facts from one of our reporters who happened to bo a passenger in the train. inning ausual A n o ttaer Fliaae o f A n tl-R e n tU m . [From an Occasional Correspondent.] larch 1st, 1850. Messrs Editors ; “ A lbany , Ma Messrs Editors ; Tho clause of the act pnblisbed by you, in your paper of Wednesday last, having maker, anti-ronter. \ uu will perocivo that it is fully os objectionable\ as the original clause. - I’iease bear in mind, that the land owners pay a tax on all rents reserved by their leases, whether col­ lected or not. To the surprise of most of his friends, Senator §tanton, shrewd and clever as he is, seems to identify himself with the anti-rent oioitemciit. An- ’ ■ ‘ These clerks being elected by tho anti-renters Kesolation offered by Mr. Sch9#9«ll§r. Strike rat the whole of tho 1st section a o i ^ p ^ . on any covenant or reservation contained in any grant proceedings u ntiithej [See article o*firs$ page.—Ed. £y . Post. T ee Rspfiwl^iOrcovKRT of D r . F arkman ’ s B ody .—T hejpIlM ^os story published yesterday, of dy of the Uto Dr. Farkman, le Boston Foit, reoeivsd hut •* Y esfe^y-forenoon the remaii Cartnejr, cirnago amith, missing l _______________ combed uut, WBro found floating in the water near RoxbjSfT^ibearra. Ho disappeared a few days after ■ ■ ^ jijo y e r , Mr. Wilder, in Hawley street. tSft hr‘h* 5 “no\thTnge t Ute telght “ as well step out” —a verycom- with him. His remains were indenti- lemOranda in hia wallet, havise his name on id (bowing that he b ad worked in Cambrige iond, the day lothing to Uvo ir F ost O ffice in W estchester C ounty . 1 office tuu been te-establisbed a t Golden’s 1, Westchester county, on ths line o f tho Hsi» n R*iiroRd, a o d O n i n F n th s line o f the Frost, Esq., appointed reiidant Toylor g*To * dinner on Friday to ths soil politicians. Hal weiftprpfeat. H alo,' GiddiDgs, Tuck, and 10 other defend- you oaa a take piraoy out o f this,, y o u < ^ 4 o teo thw i jjiBC judges have ever dona npoh ths latf agitinst « lliort. And is not the T ribune mittalcen pttbliriiiis^'his statement of tboisase, Tm akotli stsiteiaent Jn justice to Captain Widteman, Yrho is IS tbera has been a wanton ■ T C a p t ^ W akeman.— is captein and mate are 0 « i WHO K nows . ivF »n ntn M ' : . s SrKsg. “■ S S ’S S S ' s S ------------- ----- ‘isssu.essiSi T H ta n .. oirculfti lE liSr-'”\'”;:':::::\ I Should not hare twen bo particnlar In publishing the l©tails;of my expenditure if I had not been informed that ----------------- -------- ” WATSON O. HAYNES. We would have our readers attend the large sale'of valuable property by A xthoky J. B lezckik , on Monday, Inst., a t 12 o’clock, a t the Merohamt’s Exchange, ing of two splendid building lots, sltuatsd on 28th street and on 2d avenue. The house and lot No. 75 3d jnue ; one lot on 31st street, near 7th uablo lot, beautifully situated on 17th street, (Ui Square.) between Broadway and 4th avenue ; the house and lot No. 126 Amity street, between MoDougal street and 6th avenue ; also, the valuable house and lot known No. 223 Broome street, corner of Christie street one building lot on 44th street, near 10th avenue one lot on 12th street, between 2d of most of tho auction room No. 7 Bi street, between 2d and 3d aveDues. Maps above property can be obtained at the Wo invite attention to tho sale of houses and lots M onday , March 4th, at 12 o’clock at the Merchants’ Ex­ change, by C ole h C hilton , Auotioneers, situatod and known as follows, viz ; 2 four story houses Nos. 63 and 66 Seventh street, near 2d avenue | 3 story brick bouse and lease of lot 194 East Broadway ; 2 story brick houses 223 and 223J Division street ; 6 frame houses and cottages In 36tb street, between 8th and 9th avenues ; six 2 and 3 story brick houses and lots in Smith and Baltic streets, Brooklyn ; 1 lot on 10th avenue, near 48d street ; and lots 43d street, near 10th BVenrae. appeal grauteU. anless tht* appellant within ten days « r n i t r a u : t r r u K i r k ^ ' s * J v i r ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ fr«»m a docroe of the Surrogate refuBing to otimit a will to probate, when the decree haR been set aside, and a feign­ ed issue has been awarded, the case U in this court only lant. can be disposed of only in tho Surrogate’s Court - In suits or proceedings ponding on the 1st July, 1848. V-. w.je pr'*jrrefls of a suit Such an an­ swer will not however b« strioken out where it is veri­ fied according to the code, nor when* there is any ground toheliuve that itibas been put in, in good faith, or baj» any probable foundnUOD in fact Order of special term reversed, without costii. Warner, vs Paine and others.—When an appeal has been acquiesced in for two years, and the parties have Dunham and l>nnon» vs. Jarvis and others.—Where a and al'uw the majority of tho owners to emplpy sel at their own risk, pending a suit, on glTlngse return the vessel into tho jurisdiction of tBs _ , for an injunction in such case, It is not nec«B*r*'-o pass inent of the vesse final hearing and then rork-— i*he Comi imon Council 'o^tTD6r*'of*pri- TA r i gr°^?lBg have bis remedy by suli for hle'flamageB, am Biggs TB. The People.—AU Indictment for an offence «r the judgment to^ie given. Within this rule a count afllrmei ay bsfilartgardeJ. Judgment itants of this city its businesa is transacted between New York and Tho meretants of this city are much indebted to Hamden’9 Express, for tho promptness with which Boston. Dior are they House officers of the lat odsar itb which goo —Cctlins Lci of Marylf as Bdrvoyor of the Port less indebted to the Custom city, for tho promptness 0 passed by them, been confirmed, it is said as Dis- Fletoher 'Webster, of B o ston-Folk, for WU- trict Jttorney of Maryland—D. Fletcher Webs rvoyor of ~ miygton, Delaware. —-The Legislature of Maryland, have refused 10 fubmit tbe Sunday lieense law to the general vote' of tee ■eapectablo young man, named Granger, was arrested at Charleston, on the 1st inst. for presenting three forged checks a t the Union Bank, two of which were cashed. —Col. I’rinco, a member of the Canada House, from Essex, has just published a bold and vigorous letter in favor of the independence of the colonies. —I’carson, who has been on trial at Boston, fer some days past, for the murder of his wife and two twin children, was found guilty ol the same on Fri- day, b u t was unanimously recommended to mercy, by the jury, in consequence of the weakness of his mind. W hy do magistrates and clergy allow such half-idiots te contract marriage T —The new steamship Republic tween Baltimore and Charleston, has boon purchased by George Law, for $135,000, cash, between Panama and San Francisco. blio, lately running bi in purchase iship Repo id Charles! $135,000, i San Frai [For the Evening Post] S team e r New W o rld. Mr. Editor—1 notice in tho Tribune of February 27ih, a statement that Edgar Wakeman, captain, and Edward H. Owen, first mate of the steamer New World, have been indicted for piraoy, in forcibly ta­ king that vessel from the port, whilo she was in the custody of the law ; that a sheriff’s officer had been on board the New W orld for two or three d a y a , ^ ving been p nt ine harge On an attachment for $50,000. ottM conntofbaU dingand fitting the vessel, & o — Nowall th is'- - sHo 5a a mistake, a mere fobrication. She mta not in debt, and no claim was made for bills againvt her. Nor waa she attached for any such pre- teneo. and it is not known to the ownsrs or captain that she was in the custody of the law, in any way, or H , Brown, the buUder and owner, whilo she was be­ ing constructed, and William F. Furness, entered into an executory contract, Mr. Brown to sell, and Mr. Fumis* te buy, one-half interest in that-vessel. Rut some controversy subsequently arose between tha eontraoting parties, and iwr. Brown neglected or refused to transfer th a t interest to Mr. Furniss, un­ der bho oontmet. Nothing has ever b e in jaid by Mr. FnnuM on account of the contract, ffilreotly or indirectly. He,how$Ter, insists upon baTing what of that w rit. These papers were terred b y t f ’ ty sheiiir. M r. SamuM Cunningham, on £ eyening, Februaty 6th, and she jpqt to. sea t morning. T h e y were the only .papers mi known to M r. Brown or the oaptsia, to exi tb* THnd p a t tq m », u d they g»Te tli9 i] young author Infinite honoi -----------------------------, T he L adies too well understand that they can find all they want iu the Dry Goods line, at Hitchcock & Lead- beater’s 347 Broadway corner of Leonard street, to make any rccommendatton from ue either necessary or impor­ tant, and ibureforo w« would only say that by referring to th<»lr advertisement it will be perceived that they have already received thoir new Spring (»ood8, and that they are seiling, very cheap, splendid new Calicoes. Ginghams. Muelins. De Laines. &c- kc. Gentlemen ’will get their ir«der ShlrU, Drawers. Cravats, Hdk’fs, &c &c , much cheaper there than at thotientlemen's Furnishing stores. those who wear . z a r i e t y » e r n r ”“ ar Broadway ClMpman'8 Celebrated Sbavlng Cream, put np at his Razor Strop Manufactory, No. 102 William st. This article is decidedly the best in use for making beautiful latherand aoftenlogthe heard Try I t THU P A S T O R ’S W IF E . The Pastor s Wife —.4 .Memoir of .Mrs. Martha Sher­ man, of Surrey C hapel, by her huiband, wUh a p ortrait; Scenes in the Life of a Clergyman, by the author of Lady Mary, &c , \6c. Mark Wilton, the Merchant Clerk, by the author of Lady Mary, tc , 12mo, 75o. Religion, Life in Italy. 16mo. 6.3c. Hawketone—A tale of and for England, by Prof. Sewell; 2 Tols 12mo. 7th thousand 81 50. Lady Mary , or. Not of this World, by author of Mar­ garet. &c , 12mo. \6«. Published by SI’-ANFORD & SWORDS. 137 Broadway. IN PRESS. 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WATEE-Cpre JooENAi.; anilHeiajlfiBf Beferms; dero- tedtoH y d r^thyandM e d lcalB i^m A $L Reside t}ie.abOTe, aU forks athy may be obtained of fe 2S fit np FOWLEBS % WEILLS,E ISl KUMf 1 rjiyrioIogyandHyaro- I W ^ S , EOl Tl T H e ^ K U S T - , (Jr^^SItetehea of Travel in Egypt and the Holy Land. L \ BT ItEV- A. A. aVEMCE*, M. A^ a e New TMtamcnt in Greek, with Engiiih Member of the New York IHstorical Society, * e .,*e^ , Splendidly Rlustrated with Original Drawings, fivo p p .a » . Uniform with “ Layard’s NineTch,” “ Hawks’s Monnmsnts of Egypt,” te . CONTENTS. lYPT.^AlexandrIa.—Tbe Nili Esnsh.— ^NfldropoUl of mak.—Dendeia, Es-siont, Beni-h^on.—The MelrcrpoUs Of Egypt.—MOSkS, Git- aflel, ^Heliopolis.— Coptic Churcll, Public Mcli & THE HOLY LAND—Life In the Desert.—Palcstii theHiU Country.—The Holy City.—Gethsomane, t Mount of ORves.—Calvary and the Holy Sepnlohre.— Bethlehem and its Vicinity.—The Dead Sea and the Jordan.—Judea, Samaria, Jacob’s WeR, Nabnlns. Sebaste, Tabor, Tiberias Nazareth.—Mount Carmel. St. Jean d ’Acre, Tyre. —Sidon, Beirut and its 'Yicinity. —Appendix, Notes, k 1>-Al*xandrla.-Tb e Nile and Its Pyramldp.— Pirramlds and their BnRders.—Life on the Nile.— Phllael Syene. Elephas Thebes.—Lnzor and 1 155 Broadway. D . A P P E E T O J V ^ CO.’S L I T E R A R Y AJY~ J S O V fiC E M E J Y T S . NEW WORKS NEARLY BEADY. I. Woman in America, by Maria J. McIntosh, 12mo, II. Woman’s Friendship—a Tale b / Grace AguDlar, au­ thor of “ Home Influence,” 12 III. Notes on tbe Miracles of onr Lord—By the Rev. R. C. Trench, A. M. 1 vol. 8vo. I'Y. Morton Y. Tbe Law Student—By John Anthoit. 1 voi. Svo. Yi, The Theory and Praclice of Naval ounnciy—By Wm. N. Jeffers, USN., with plates, 8vo. iblished— in Montague—Or a young Shristian’s Choice. I. The Modern Housewife—ly Alexis Soyer, edited by n Ameri— ” ---- ’-------- -- ----- ■” ^ S S ? S £ n i n g F r e n c h - W l t h V A L U A R L E A T iD P O P U L A R W O R K S . JOHN T A L L IS & CO., PU B L ISH E R S , 16 John street. New York, and London, Beg to Bunounce the fbhowlng new and valuable illus­ trated works iu parts, a t 25 cents, and divisions, hand­ somely bound, at $1 87^ each, with beautiful and costly maps and superb illustrations, by first-rate artists— THE HlflTORy OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, by John Howard Hinton, A. M., from the earliest period to the present time. THE HISTORY OF ENGLAND, from the text of Hume and Smollett, eontinoed to tho present time, by Thomas Gapsey, Esq. THE HISTORY OF IRELAND, from the earliest pe­ riod of tbe Irish annals to the present time, by Thomas Wright, Esq., M. A., F. 8. A. THE UNIVERSAL PHONOUNCINO DICTIONARY and General Expositor of the English Language, by Tho*. Wright, Esq., M. A., F. S. A , being a complete literary, classical. BotentiSc, biographical, geographical, and tech­ nological standard, also beautifully iUustrated with maps and plates N W est ' s F irst A ttf . h r DnAiviKo—W. G O D E V F O R M A R t ANOTHER TRl O.NE OF W. E. TUCKER’S BEAUTIFUL PLATES. T he C onfidant — a line engraving, by W. E. Tucker. T hk Y olnu A ngler —An engraving in gemograph, by P ortrait of oi r M i sn. il E oi ior —W. O. Armstrong. W edoino COBI L MLS—A truly beautiful plate, colored, by J. J. Pease. Ml sii — H figh . H o —Julian Cramer. C hildren s F ashion ' s —Six figures, by W. Croome. COSTFSIES OF ALL N ations —Ay, reguloT series, by J. S hort of F uel - W. Croome. T he S phere of W oman — Ditto. C age B irds — J. Frost. T he W ork T arle — Kelly. CONTRIBI TORS-Mrs. E. F. Ellet, Mrs. J. C. Neal, Mrs. S. J. Hale, Mrs. L. W. Stewart, Anna C. Austin, H. T. Tuckerman, Prof. C. E. Blumenthal, D. Bates,R. Coe, Jr., Julian Cramer, H. B. Hirst Capt. A. T. Lee, Rev. Alber Chester, W. Gilmore Simms, J. Clement, Edgar ier, and other authors of note, are the contributors to this number. Price 25 cents. For sale by ■ ' I O.NG & BROTHER. 43 Ann street. N. Y. WARVCTt' t S W m S ' WM. H. CAEY & CO. »o..'S5«3 fw«L SL*5 i*xxyrkm Joair anb FosTdirsinx;***’) witexofcrcncote-theconTplenoeoriht^R^^^^ The lepurchasi 100,4200 kaHJydiLSlfcfleoi 200 yards, 3 and 6 cerds. different lengths. ^ rixes and qnaUties. in great variety, plidn and semitone. ! colors, spools [ponndi d Trimmings. Alexander's “ Common “ , “ Tapes and Bobbins, Tooth and Hair Brush© Accordions, Violins and B ottb , HarmonioaR Ferenssion (Japs, Shea^and Scissors, Purse Twist, Steel Beads, Bag and Purse Clasps Steel Pens, ■Various - ,— French Soaps. Many different s^les. do Perfumery. Lnhins, Mangeiiet^ind Con- [dlS^& o . Brown TYindsor. porfames I Superfine Paint- Fans. plain and carved sticks, a rich and large assort! Combs, Buffalo, Tuck and Dre; And new styles of Fancy Goods by every packet. ALSO AMERIC Shell Combs, Horn do Pocket do Ivory do Buttons, Spectacles, Looking Glasses, mey Goods by every pac GOODS, viz ; jrTrf-iKH. firae^t SS® 55S,’ IJ te 4J inch. ll} v t G U a n d o , B ^ W a saver and German S i ' j 4 i t ; i A L . T J U L i E G R A F H NOTICE. Baines T e l^grapb.» Office of t h e N o r t h A m e rican T e l e g r a p h Com ­ p a n y , No. 29 'W a a a t., opposite the Bank of the State of New York. Tho pubUo are respectfully informed that the now Line ’Telegraph, extending from New city, has been completed, and that no expense has been spared by the proprietors to make it the most perfect Line Of Telegraph in the United States. The wires are laid BS the North River under water, to tho office, No. 29 Wall street; and increased dispatch is hereby given to the messages forwarded by this line. to Philadelphia, ington, Baltimore, and Washington, aa it is the irect and certain line. NO DELAY need occur from rewriting, as the opera tors at the various stations are enabled to telegraph reot to either of the above named places. spatches for the West are also forwarded by I line, in connection with the O’Reilly Western Lines, to Pittsburgh, Wheeling, Cincinnati, Lonisville. St. Lonis, New Orleans, and aU the intermediate Western stations. It is tho intention of the proprietors that the business at the various offices shall be Conducted with \M . f p S - IV E W M O N T H L Y W O R K , B Y M R S . E L L I S Author of “ Social Distinction ; or. Hearts and Homes,” he. Sio. Just Published the First Number—Frioe 60 cents—to be Continued Monthly. MRS. ELLIS’S C O R N IN G C ALL; A T able B ook of L iterature and A rt . It -wl'l be conducted by Mrs. E llis , and open with a new work of fiction desoriptive of domestic life, from her admired pen. Tales and sketches, by the ablest authorr of the day. will appear in its pages, which will be furthe illustrated with engravings by' the most eminent n artists, embracing everything that can interest the mother, the wife and the daughter ; in con­ nection with the fine arts and elegant literature. JOHN TALLIS S CO., fe33 Imnp 16 John street, New York, and Loudon. L i l F E l I N S U f l A N G B C O M r A B l . In tine c ity o f N ew Y o rk. FRINCiPAt OFFICE !8T WALL STREET. Ut7AR.Al«TXiXi C A F IT A I. ............... $100,000. The whole of which is paid in, and invested in the publio stocks Of the Uidted States, and of the state of New York, as required by tile proviBlouB of tbe general iusuranoe law of this state, under Which this oompanj S company makes insurance on the lives Of indi- iB, and every iururance appertaining thereto, or connected with life risks and grants, and purchases an- Farties insuring upon the mutual plan, participate in the profits of all the business transacted by tho com­ pany. in which case, eighty per cent, or four fifths, U car­ ried to the credit of the assured, and becomes payable in addition to the sum insured, at death. Tables ore prepared for Those who prefer to insure at very low rates, withaut participating in the profits. DIREL'TORS. SHELDON. J HlTTEiviORE. F. CARMAN, ;t SHELDON, Preside! ['E'WAB.T, Actuary. r a f t f - FREDERICK S JOHN A. STEW J. EADIE, Jr , Secretary. At the office of the i G. P. CAMMANN, M. D., Consulting Physician. EDGAR S. VAN WINKLE, Counsel. Prospectuses, with rales, and every information, can be ad on application at the office of the company. No. 27 WaU street. mhl np OFFICE OF THE E a st River Insurance^ Company, . 69 W A L L STR E IB M PA NY, W IT H Cash Capital^ CONTINUES TO INSURE AGAINST FIRE AS USUAL. JOHN BROUWER, President. C harles H. B irhey ,Secretary. mh2 Imnp Office o f th e F c a n k lin F ire In­ surance C o m p a n y o f P b llada. FEBRUARY 38,1850. r n H E businesa «f the Agency of this Company a t K*vr X York will hereafter be conducted by Mr. PETER NOTMAN, at No. 44 William street, comer of 'Wa» street, where all applications for insurance may be ma2s. mh 2 I w n p ______________________________ _ N £ W SFR IN O CiOODS. H itch c o c k & Z i^ d b e a ter, j y o e 3 4 7 B r o a d w a y ^ (CCRNEB OF LEONAIID STREET,) jcei-ving their splendid new PRINTS, d e L a i n e s , GRENADINES, ORGANDIES, SIIJC TISSUES, JACONETS, , to , and are prepared to serve their patrons with THE MOST BEAUTIFUL STYLES, of various Fabrics ever seen in New York. They have also just received » few jneces of beatiful BUFF, SALMON b PINK MERINOES, nd Cashmeres, tbe oU prevalting and desfrahle goods fbr OPERA b EVENING DRESSES Sc CLOAKS, which, added to their stock of Scslet, Crimson, Giaen, fcc, fee. makes the bast sasortment in New York. YARD WH)E \YELVETS OF ’YARIOUS COLORS, DELAINES. ONE SHILLING A YARD, BEST KID OLO-YES 4i. A PAIR, GENTLEMEN’S FOBNISHINGS, prices fer below tbe usual lates of Gentlemen’s fotnieli. ; Stores. f«9 PORCELAIN. D . G. & 'D. HAYILAHD, No. X7 JO H N S X B B E T , IMPORTERS OF FRENCH CHINA,soUcit attention te their extenalTe srtock,^ of recent importation. Th« have now open, tho best auortm entvrer before in eonatry, in white, or ifllt, or deoprated goods. Besides their minal stock in white, they h a re on hand RICH DINNER, “ DESSERT, TEA SETTS] ■ W M a t b f f A B r a i t o l l l ^ the wires in condition for the prompt transmis- all despatches entrusted to their care. A share of pnblic patronage is rospeotfully solicited for the new line of telegraph. HENRY J. ROGERS, J28 Imnp eod_____________General Superintendent. rill he used t/SJLB R O sr m o NO. 72 JO H N STIUCEiT, ARE NOW RECEIVING INTO STORE FROM THEIR Factori'es at Elizabethtown, N, J., a variety of new a original patterns of H e a y y Floor Oil Cloths, in sheets of 18 and 24 feet in width. They are also ceivir.f, from the Lanslngburgh Factories. ftiedium Floor Oil Cloths, in si leets of 18 feet in -width. Also,narrow goods, in -i riouB widths, 3 feet, 3.9, 4.6, 5.3, and 6 feet. They have also in store, L ight Floor Oil Cloths, of fhe Brooklyn, Newburgh, Albany, Lansingburg ca and Maine manufacture, in various widths ai teLTiB. Also, Tatole Oil Cloths, pi ain and figured, 4-4,5-4 and 6-4th wide, of AMERICAN, G-J2KMAN and ENGLISH manufacture. Also, Carriage Oil Cloths, All of wliich they offer to the trade on the most liber* ^ 6 eod np Cm U T IO JT.^^ ofnles Jorgensen’s W a tches. TPHS; SUMSCISXBERS, having been infomied that ions are offering for sale factured;bj the celehratef T ? certain unprincipled persons Watehes purporting to. be manufact “ JaAes Jurgensen,” of Copenhagt T inform ■e above fr house 44 Merchants’ Exchange. ■ N.B.-Chronometer, Duplex, and other fine Watches, Diamonds. Jewelry, and Silver ware, when quality isoom- Rarcd, will be found very low. ____________ o27 np eod TO MLHCHA-i^TS & OTH E R S , S. « E .m O E m E S . NO. a a J O H N STR E lEiT. A « faR ^ fi^^rann?i?ar?ooW fre SPRING TRADE, to which they respectfully invite the attention of merchants and other purchasers. Iriah Linens and Sheet* Drapery Mnslins. *°fiu L' Furniture and Can Table Cloths, Napklixs White and colored Satins. Ac. Welsh and other Flannels. Blankets^ofallkin^_ ^ Rich Gros de Rhine SUks, '’\with a*variety of other goods in ther line, at the low- ®\kte'eod up S. R L, HOLMES, 22 John st, CHOICE s F R m c r e o o i r s T ^ s e a m a n ” fc MUIR, H A V E IN ST O H E , And are daily receiving, a full and varied assortaneat of Dress and other Spring D ry Goods, To which they invito the attention of WHOLESALE PURCHASERS, And the public generally. fe4 E J T O E E S m R R U T T S . Stunt, Baniels Co,, ■ ■ A V E just received per Sheridan, John R. SMddy X l and. Comstitution, a great variety of ENGLISH PRINT'S, suited to the spring trade, and of very beautiful styles. They also offer 9-8 English Prints/or Export, ex- nWAcelv Fn'Sm ^V.nA 2-14 __ Barker M itts JViaiis, FOR SALE BY THEIR AGENTS, No. 73 P e a r l a n d 4D. S tone s tr e e t, fell np E . S P R A G U E dc CO. Clothing a t Wholesale, so if th e r a S f w e s t ^-^h^^aferTaTwjfe* fel4np ___________ oppoBlte'’R a th b tw 4 ^ ^ ’el. -.FiUiD PLUNKETT, i ^ o r t e r , . 1©4 Willian 104 William 8 Lr sortmentfrom _ . A ^ SPY GLASSES—A complete as- »h ejt makera, for sale by JLFR e D PLUNKETT, linporter, I _____ 104 wmiam UM BR E L L AS & FA R A S O L S , 63 W illiam S t , cor. Cedar. HOUGHTON, iMTPiTttfiRT.t. Si c o . ■tTA V E now ion h ^ d ihe largest and most complete XX assortment of umijTeUas and Parasols that can be found in any nt|iex e ^ b lisbm ent in tbe Union—ail made carefully by bqind fend no steam), which in Itself is ------- ----------------- e the quality, w e most respectfully istemeis, and aa many new ones aa rapbreliaa and parasols 10 to 15 per centflossthantlhey n&Td been fiormeriy paying at other establishments, te call and examine out gooda and prices, Umbreilas of an e i^rs and prices—2s, Ss, G, Be, 6s, Ts, Parasols, ParSscdlet^,and Shades, t o n m a n y ^ l^ and too nruneronsto meimon prices—^but sayfrom I te.te $3. Gentttoan, come and see. HOLfGHTON; MEBKELL k 0O.t Manufactory an^ Warehouse, 63 WJlUaJniftyeet, fell eod nptsw ■ ____________ o o f ^ C e ^ st. ACKEBI^AN & MIXER. Drapers and Tailors^ H A V E R E H O 'V S IP T O JVo. SfctlS B roadway, O ltPG S ialE T H E C iTY H jtiLL, feT a rnS r*^ m m v th U r iasr or star.) W d rddi^ B r i o e r SAM’L WAHD, iaOUMAN M. BRICE. in d ©(ffibsted. . | = S , 5 afis best article in ui 6BBMICALS, ’■1 C E B E S d k B G - , m u . t i . Mead » Co., s o and 8 2 Cherry stieety C O R N E R O P JADEES S T R E E T , N . T „ -------- - p s s - g i n ^ therity S ^ ® ’ < ^ « “ tff\«Kties a d ^ t ^ I T F T I S X S l l 5 b / ° 1000 pair Demin Trowsers. T b . ^ e a e o g ^ b e t e l d f o r c m f e o r a p p r o v e d P«P«- ______________________________ jain p Clothing Eshnhlishmont H . & D. H . Ac CO., 116 a n d 118 C h e rry street, C o r n e r o t C a th e r in e stre e t . N e a r T o d k . T J E G L E A V E T O ACH,UAINT T H E P U B U o X> that their present Stock of Ready Made Clothing for the Spring and Summer sales is more complete thni. Business Coats of various descriptions, with correspond­ ing Pantaloons and Vesta. Also Spieg Over Coats, in great variety. Fine Dress and Fiock Coats, togeftcr with every thing belonging te theirline ol bUSineiB, ©ffsted at favorable prices. FANCY AND F U R N ISH IN G A R T IC L E S . Cloths, CoEsimeres and Vestings, by tho pleoeor yard. The Department for Merchant-Tailoxtug wUl presmt all the most approved and desirable styles of Goods for the season, among which will bo many of their own hn- pertation, selcbted for thoir special trade. AU measures are kept for reference, and orders from distant places .falthfoliy attended to. felt JtmsLWJvs. FRENCH TARLATANS, plain and sprigged. R O S IER F . GERMAN Hose and Half Hose, white, brown, nixed and fancy. ENGLISH three-thread Cotton Hose and Half Hose; Silk Hose and Gloves. ENGLISH \ - The most varied and extensive assortment In the Uni­ ted States ■ SlXiK H D K P S . AND CRAVATH. PONGEES, Spitaifields Twills, Corahs, BrocadeSiFanoy and Black Cravats, of every price and (mality. CAQIBRIC ANJD CLiBlAR IdAWfit HDHLFS. Plain, Hemstitched, Rivier^ Embroidered and Printed. BAREGES, SATIN VESTINGS, SERGES, VEL­ VETS, Crepe Lisses, Plain Taffeta ond Satin Ribbons, For sale a t the Lowest Market Prices and op tbe usual crediL by J. R. JAFFRAY & SONS, ^SBroadway. STU tE W B O O B S , WILDE, H A V E J E E i^ d V E D T O iV o ,, l ^ ' l ^ r o a d w a t y , C O R N E R LY B E H T Y S T R E ) ^ , Bodedroy, Sillem iSr Co,, R A N R E R S A N D COJUaf/SSlOiV M E R C H A N T S , NIANTIC FIRE PROOF WAREHOUSES, SAN E R A S CASCO, UJPjPER CAX.IFORNXA. -ALFRED GODEFFROY. (of Hamburg.) . ................. . .London.) m : ssu ii.2as.1£YiSrL»7.. JVew Trimmings, Springr a n d Summer Dresses. T. C. & D. D. FOOTE, 100 W IL L I A M S T H E E T , IM P O R T E R S , A R E R E C E I V I N G T H E KB W E S T STYLES of DRESS URIMMING8. Also .WHITE and CO­ LORED COTTON FRINGES, UPHOLSTERERS’ and CARRIAGE TRIMRUNGS, ZEPHYR, WORSTED, STEEL GOODS, &o. &c ; to all of which we invite spo- cial attention. ____ follnp LO V iV TerC O ’S CALIFORNIA EXPRESS. PER STEAMER GEORGIA TO SAIL MAR. 13 th . Express Freights, Packages, no., -wiil be reoeiTed a t our office until tbe day of sailing, ahdferwarded to San Fran- ei.oo and aU parts of the Mines, in charge of • special OBZiEANS ASD Contracts for packages, Trunks, and Freights, to New Orleans and Havana, and then thence to San Fran- f..aa.p AH8ERT WELLES. 'of 20 th st c m c c E m R . •RA E S S R S . D E IifrU C & CO . respectfuUy . ±VX their: friends and the pnhUc, that they have aNEW PRARM a CYonthe4ihavenne,cornerof2_____, where, as In their two other well known estabUtbmenta, ■will ho fodnd oil kno-wn Fharmaceratical preparations of the best gtiaU^, prepared by themselves or ohtMned from the best European markets.- Tbe p e r f u m e r y is of thitir own importation, and of the finest quality th a t can he procured. The DISPENSING DEPARTMEN'T will bernnder the direction of one of the psrtners, and assisted hy none bnt careftu and tiompefent persons. All articles coming from their estahlishment Trill he. cAnEFuntr xabeu . co , and bear theiratamp. By c o ntinned'att^tion and ears, Messrs. DHlno & Co. hope to r e tun the liberal feyors they have heretofere en- joyed from their friends. F. DEELUC. M. DELLUC; 581 Broadway, 250 4ih arenne and fc28 IStnp _____ _____________ 2 Park Row. r i Bingham, Beynylds, Bartlett St Co,, — — - i m m s s i o N m e s a i f k G E m s , __________________ , C A L IFO R N IA , • t I T I I i t . take charge of aU consignments or bnrinaw V V whieh may he entrusted to them, on liberal tem u . - ■ MES W. BINGH.AM, FRANCIS A. BABTLETT, SON A REYNOLDS, -W-ALLON BARTLETJRi XEFEBBltCEl IS KE.W lOkX.' HntehinsonfcTlfhny, BuIMeyXClafliB, C. F. Llndtiey, H. J k m m JohnFaloonKfcCti.. Cr9mw<^Haig|it»i?o, Daniel Ebbets. Cashier UnJonBuiiaq New Toric. C. H. rire e t r J M i ^ ^ J. Yale, Jr., & Ce.,Magarine Street-New Orleans. I \ consulted on allm a ttersrria& g to the ht^M lir o house, hy letter ot otherrrlse.atNo. fiS Cedat Stteet. New York. Jan. 1 1849- n3T h d td n m i^i Hie COWELL&BUOKELEW,. CmEEEOBJri^, B U R T , BRfYrHRiRS * C O ., M A N W A C a m iag o w SOOTS AND SHOES, « ™ = s » S 5 * d a s S ! ' 1 OEMs, , American and

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