OCR Interpretation

The evening post. (New York [N.Y.) 1832-1920, May 12, 1917, Image 15

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i 41 * km Ê im Ê tÊBm m iiiiirttfiriitr-'itttátewitgriir; ÉMU it+* ;'T\ .*'! TH E EVENING POST: NEW YORK, SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1917. ------------ * e wooden club», ause they think- cing-^ surface th e ;st,.io|, their Jong- hit thfc I? ciuti i s apt to leverage .by reas- I w ith t h e place rooked sh o t 'r a i 1 w ith th e very .- h a v e to marcl^ (f th e nex t jshot; ,t th e ln»tant «Hi, iiojisi ¿ijiiw, * 4th small-faced! raté golfe i-s. I he t r u t h of thaf^ days, an d -haye/. ■ with- woodeti more thati ,3 •he :ball. ■- Afte! correct spot ice into coir 38' - y o u - . h a # ^ he w o re likel; L . - • '<L: SHOOTERS.* D e lationGive A p ril. - _ * Trapshooter*s he campaign t ÿ | ce for the p u r^p len who cannot 3 , is awardin* turned in eaeht aijch organiza- I. of 118 m e d a ls I 1 medals we shooting, or- alph L. Spotte re of 1,455, 1 oils, Ind., for re also eleven- i a v e rage of 90 I In th is clïusâ < Ind., w as high d A rth u r S teeï I ■ond, w ith 951. m e d a ls w e r«l scores on 5ÔÔ' of Albany, •ealts; Thoms Cal., w a s A'oodworth, o i h 462. In th * • -six shooter#! îigh scorè was Kiilatn, of S t ? | ! bos Angeles, and H. Pflrr-T:/', s. Cal., third. loters qualifledi|*fc in th is class ¿if: b o a Angeles&^.'Ê; of Pittsburgh»)4 ad H. Fallrich*,| | th 460. \ i t I n t h e A u t o m o b i l e W o r l d - Ü # « TO BOSTON ARE IN GOOD CONDITION POPULAR ROADS, ONE ALONG 1 - SOUND, OTHER INLAND. intire, Trip from Nçw. York City Covers Distance of 249 Miles—Or­ ganization, in Road Work. lene . c o n sum e d by one explosion in th e cylfnîjér. F rank G. Carrie^ m anager of the Mar- mon New York Company, says th a t proper washing of the car will do more to preserve the finish and ap p e a r ­ ance than. anything else. Thoroughly softening the mud with a stream of clear,, cold w ater is always im p o rtant. >rtá. 4 . jlltan . Loula at fWM Chicago at; Soi- v >hln ------ Am&rlcjm ! i O u U, Bouton iago. Washington 5- y * I an charaploMBtç, j York touraam«* ,jv ly touranmént it, j- toui« at N«W XÌ Chl-cijto i t Bo«- Mn ------ American ; uls. Bottai «t isso, WanhlDglo» 1 iKiie, Newark u t 1 est Virginia « t } Jjattan, Nonrlcp | ;:y Nò. *# wool, ’reniti* heathers and «hi. : o ' > n-.. Wool Golf . brown iran 3,50 1 Wool Stock- ilte with Col-1 3.00 GoJf Shoes, , iiel Trousers, 50. •: ales Co. * th S t r e e t > ,N XI / S T . t - Ï 'V;v À 4 $; Although the season is unusually ¡ 5 ;,. backward, m o torists desiring to to u r from this city to Boston, or interm ediate p oints, need have t‘ no fear as to th e condition ;g. o f th e roads. Leaving this city there two popular ways of going, one a long Sotmd. and the .other inland, going- I . through Danbury, W aterbury, H a rtford, ,, Springfield, and W orcester. At present 'however, m ention regarding the to u r will be confined to the Shore Road. From this city the old Boston Post Road over Pelham Parkw a y may be used, the route carrying one through New Ro­ chelle and then on to Rye, Stam ford, a n d Norwalk. Up to th a t point the going is excellent, and if the m o torist wishes to \«top for a while he can And a good ho­ tel At Norwalk. Ju s t beyond the latter place the de­ tour, necessitated by the rebuilding of th e bridge, still exists; it is fairly good, however, and automobilists will doubt- ■jf 7 less be glad to learn th a t it is expected th a t this obstruction will be eliminated î early next month. Continuing on, one >’ goes through Bridgeport \to Stratford, ■ w here the roads are quits/good, b u t be- •f ' tw e en Stratford and Miliord there is a. “»•stretch th a t is closed far repairs, call- [ £<-. in g for a detour- south of the main road over a surface none toe good. Beyond Milford the route carries one to New H aven, and there again the road is in fine condition; in fact, no fault can he s -iotind w ith the surface a t any point ail i# w a y to New London. As to stopping placée, excellent opportunities are af- forded a t Bridgeport, New Haven, and N©w London. rt CHOICE OF ROUTES. Leaving the last-nam e d place there is a choice of routes to Providence. Une *■ continues straight along the shore, th r o u g h Groton, Mystic, and W esterly to ft* N a fragànsett Pier, anxi thence n o rth- w a rd along the shofe of Narrug-ansütt. ] te ’T3ày to Saunderstown. I t is at that point ; 3 /1 wîiGre or\e turns off to reach the ferry ■a? to Newport. From Saunders town the- w a y takes one through W ickford, and j; E a s t Greenwich to Providence. A some­ w h a t shorter route th a n this leaves 'ho ^ m ain road at W esterly and proceeds di- re s t to. Providence by way of Wyoming ~ a n d W a shington village. Both a r e in ' . f a i r condition, with occasional rough stretches. k V -t' Then there Is another way from New London, w hich m any prefer to either o f * th e previous ones mentioned. R u n n ing 'v' n o rth along the valley of tho T h a m e s - • Norwich- th e traveller can th e n proceed by w a y of Jew e tt City and j ^ C e n t)^.., Village to W a shington Village, w ith good roads all the way. From P rovi- £ -, ¿éhee to Boston Is a case of travelling over the m a in road, w h ich is in excel- f r le n t condition. Among the places w h ich one goes through are W rentham , W a l- _ pole, and pedham , to Boston. The dis- ^r' tance of th e en tira trip, is 249 miles. OOCiTRAOTOtf s - rOIXT ! OB' VIEW. W h ile, many- papers and books have S’; b een w ritten about methods of carrying . .. o n road work, it Is very rarely th a t any- \l 4 th ing o n the subject comes frôni a bon- j f iric t p r , although hô is thô m an who I ; I; ¿ o r a l l y plans an d conducts the opera- As a r«1e h e 'is so busy endeavor- h p j i ü f c tQ> complete^ h is roadb to the satis- r î'tla ç t û in . of th e authorities and w ith a to him self th a t he is disinclined ¿j to-spend any of M s spare m o m ènts teii- ' ifajg-- comments, and when he does so they are usüaUÿ;,.'laatruetiVB to the public whose taxes keep him busy. F o r instance, John H . Gordon, president of the New York S tate Road Builders’ Association, recent­ ly made some statem e n ts showing how th e character of th e labor employed on road work In 0 uence 3 its cost. The Tilti- ; m a te success of a contractor With flnan- f £ -cial resources sufficient for his w o rk de- ’ . p ende on his organization and his- plant, ? . according to Mr. Gordon, who ran k s the -' ' '-organization as the more im p o rtant of ythe two, because a good organlzfition will v’ obtain fair results even w ith 'mediocre ft- plant, while a poor • o rganization cannot 'furn ish good results under any condl- f .. tions. —: T h e re are steam -shovei engineers who . 'w ill get out twice a s m u ch m a terial in a ’ given time as their less skilled con­ frères. There are auto-truck drivers who * * 1 U g e t more mileage^ carry heavier loads, anâ WeserV® the Integrity of th e ir' ¡m achines im m easurably better th a n the less compotent chauffeur whose experi­ e n c e has been brief and often only w ith ' ' a light pleasure car. Theve are steam - ¿^roller engineers who are rta l road build­ ers, V h o know w h en the sub-grade is properly rolled,, w h en th e .ato n e is con- } solidated sufficiently, i n d h 6 w to roll dif­ ferent varieties of rock. These m e n are- i xare, and too often the contractor h a s to tru s t his expensive roller to a m a n whose . y '»lageriencet has .‘been • gained: in running • '» saw-mili or threshing engine, and who | k n o w s only enough to keep up steam ' 'a n d ru n the roller back and forth. Roll- I in g is perhaps the m o st im p o rtant class 'o f w o rk in building gravel and broken- «»tohe roads, and th e time spent in train- <'■ 'i n g men into good roller operators is ig-eneraiy w e lt'expended.! H i The appointm e n t of Fred L. Brano as wholesale m a n a g e r for the llarion-H a n d - ley product, and J . B. Schenck as m a n ­ ager of the wholesale departm e n t for Pullman c a r s ^ h a s been announced by Henry Drouet, president o f L. &• D. Motors, Inc., distributers for these m akes in this district. ‘‘The growing popularity, and this yeit-tvS record sales prom p ted th e N a- tionai\M otor Car & Vehicle Company of­ ficials t o 'increase the output to th e lim it for the coming season,\ says W . C. Poertner, th e local distributer. “They are confident they can sell all they can- m anufacture.” offered by the Duffy M otors Corporation at its new establishm ent, 1920 Broadway, Corner of 64th Street. The rem o v al into roomier quarters has been necessitated by the Standard Eight’s steady climb into popular iavor. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE GASOLENE TRACTOR EVOLUTION O F T H IS METHOD OF . TRANSPORTATION. Began W hen Animal Was Pound More Efficient W hen P u lling th a n Carrying—N ext Step Was W heel, Wheel. T ractor is defined in the dictionary as “th a t which draw s.” Therefore, the horse, the mule, the nx, the tugboa1-, and the railroad locomotive can be called tractors. So the history mierht be said to begin wheii the animal w is found to he more efficient when he pulled a load than when he carried it on his back. W hen the savage put the ends of two poles over the back of a horse, dragged the other ends o f . these poles on the ground, and slung his load in the middle, the development started The horse ca r ­ ried half the load, and the other half was hauled along fhe ground. The nc.rse Enlarged sales a n d service facilities are w as thus enabled to handle ju s t twice the burden. He carried half of it drew half of it. Then came the wheel, and, as this was before the era of w ritten history the Inventor is not known. The ohances are that the public at that time classified jhim as a \nut.\ Also, the chances are Richards, the I that nine iiundrc« and unety-nine out and i According to F. L. Scripps-Booth dealer a t San Diego, the ! of every thousand declared it would not cooling system of the car is such that the desert heat of 120 degrees in the shade has failed to produce any effect. This is largely because -of th e size and construction of th e radiation system. work, as it had never been clone before. The other one in the thousand probably condemned the inventor for suggesting a labor-saving device th a t would throw so m any men out of work. In. a n y «¡vtnt, the patents have all expired. The wheel The American business m a n has been enabled the animal, w h e ther horsp or taught a new standard of expenditure,” ox, to draw considerably moiv load than says W. J. Foss, commercial m a n a g e r lit was possible for him to carry F o r oft the Pierce-Arrow M otor Car Com - 1 thousands of years after the invention pany. He m a intains t h a t high price for > [>f the wheel—indeed until Mip railroad Once in a while, , .i’ :th g how he does things, ‘ ‘\'however .a contractor will make a few * ! I \Now is fho ■time' tq iray tiijes nod ¡save 1 m oney,\ says Jesse Froehlich. vlce-presi- •dent of the Times Square A u to Supply '•Go. H e adds tlja t | | ^ r i c ^ ^ m t e ^ j a a ¡ continue to soar m a n u facturers Wilt ¿be compelled to announce another ,in- • ] crease,, within th6-if!iie‘x¥ few !rc & i a * i ----------- 1 > Gadillac engineers .fiayfe Sgtfr^d i t U .t least so fa r as their own eight-cylin­ d e r car ls 'concernejli j u s t how ffiUclEeiai!- JploBlve force th e r e la in a drop of fuel. I i£hey knpw, howj m«tny g ^ a r ^ f e explosions | there are to a gallon of gasolene1, and {fa r th e r fh^n th a t the am o u n t of gaso- ;vi’; Overland \C o u n try C lub” given t o the A ctors’ F u n d Fair, which opens to-night, by J o h n N. Willys a good article isi n o longer a selling han ­ dicap. T h e A.- Elliott R a n n e y Company, D a n ­ iels distributers in the metropolitan, dis­ trict. announces t h e rem o v al of i t s ser­ vice departm e n t to the new building, 109- 123 W est 64th Street. Service has ever been the w atchw o rd of th is company, and in. tho new station room has been pro­ vided for the display of used cars: Prom inent in a list of instructions for 2 , 00(1 or more Maxwell dealers, who next month are to travel over roads every­ where in the United States a n d Canada in a national proof dem o n stration of up­ keep economy appears th e following: \Da not change any o f the regular factory equipm ent or adjustm e n ts in the stock car and you will be certain of the great­ est m e asure of success.” PLEA POR ORPHANS’ DAY. T a k e Aaaaciatlon. Aaka for Cara to C U lldrcn On P i c n i c . Before th e officials of th e O rphans' Au­ tomobile D ay Association of New York can complete their plans fo r the th ir ­ teenth annual O rphans' Day treat, they have a hard task before them . A large num b er of autom obiles are needed to transport 6,000 of New Y o rk's orphans to Donnelly's Grove, College Point, L. I., on Thursday, Ju n e 7, and unless these are forthcoming, t h e project may have to be abandoned. The cars are needed from 8:30 A. j l . un til 8 P . M. to tak e the “kid-, dies ’1 to the grove, w h ere the m o tors will be parked until the return trip is made, b ringing the youngsters t o th e ir r e ­ spective institutions a f t e r a gala and never-to-be-forgotten day in t h e country. Children irrespective o f creed or color are takêh ôü these annual outings, m any of them having never ridden in a real automobile before, w h ile hundreds o f th e youngsterë have never seen th e country Dr, seasW re. ^This i s evidenced by the m a n y letters received b y President H o r­ ace De L isser and secretary of th e As­ sociation; John J. Korbel, from th e youngsters w h o personally w rite to them , describing their trip, etc., and expressing their gratitude to a ll who help make these outings a reality after a whole year of anticipated joy. ' A substantial luncheon is given the children upon arrival, after which they are free to rom p in the spacious grounds, playing ...all aorta of games, enjoying th e usual funny antics of the clowns a n d oth­ er perform ers, and listening, an d in m a n y instances, dancing to th e strains o f the band.of, th ir ty pieces, which is the con­ tribution , of th e Interborough Rapid Transit dompany. Although the responses to the appeal fop* Cara a n d cash have been quite liberal in th e p a s t few days, more cars and cash are! needed; , This good- c h a rity of giving- the little unfortunates one of their hap­ piest days in th e year, .is deserving q'f the cooperation ,of all who have th e least bit of sym p a thy in th e ir hearts fo r the poor children. Who , wait twelve long m o n ths locomotive cam e into b e in g - m o s t trans portation on land was done by anim al tractors and wheeled trailers. The wagon of to-day i s one of the most highly developed, practical, and reliable pieces of m echanism we have, for it is the result of several thousand years’ experi­ ence. E v e ry useless frill has been elim­ inated. It stands up and does i t s work year after year w ith a minim um oi “x- pense. W hile th e wagon has been u n ­ dergoing its development, the anim al tractor has been im p roving also. It is a far cry from th e scrubby little, poqy, or slow-moving ox of antiquity, to the magnificent d r a u g h t horse of to-day. All development of th e horse for business has been along draught lines and not along carrying lines. I f one will only stop and think th a t it has taken thousands of years to bring the wagon and th e horse u p to where they are, and th a t the first practical motor-propelled vehicle for the highw ay made its appearance a few sh o r t years ago, he certainly m u s t realize th a t w o n ­ ders have been accomplished In a com­ paratively short tim e. W h en tre inven­ tion of the differential gear made the motor-propelled vehicle for the highw a y a possibility, the pleasure car took prece­ dence and occupied the minds of en­ gineers because th e public demanded i t Our pleasures, a f te r all, receive consid­ eration before our business. A fter the pleasure automobile was well on i t s way. thought w as given to th e business end, and the developm ent of th e m o tor truck began. The line of least resistance w a s followed and the design of the pleasure car taken, on the principle th a t if a m a ­ chine would c a n y a load of passengers, a larger machine of the same type would carry a load of merchandise. The principal reason for the existence of the m o tor vehicle fo r business p u r ­ poses, w h e ther it be delivery wagon, heavy truck,- or tractor, is economy. It m a y be of tim e. I t m a y be of money. B u t as tim e is money, it all comes to the same thing. The m achine th a t will do the m o st w o rk for the least money is w h a t th e designer is striving to pro­ duce. A fter the m o tor tru c k had be^n in practical use a short time it w a s brought p retty forcibly to th è m inds of the engineers th a t its necessarily high first cost, correspondingly high operat­ ing cost, and limited range of action would allow a v e ry narrow morgin of profit w h en 1 . w as brought in competition w ith the horse. I t would show a profit on long hauls, good road conditions, good facilities for loading and nnloading; bu t where the hauls' were short, or loading and unloading conditions bad, th e horse could haul cheaper. -The m o tor truck has been brought to a state of development. But, after all, it comes in the class of w eight-carrying, or paok, animals. The next step wa*> to m ake the truck do more work than it had liàen doing an d sfiow a greater profit th a n , i t had :fteen show ing; and th e only way to do th is w a s to make- i t into a tractor w h ich would draw' its load in stead of carrying it. The efficiency was ío r ^ t M 'tfne Ved-letter day. E n ter your ! g reatly increased, as in the case of the car, or, if th is is impossible, send a casli contribution' t o ’help the cause and ask your friends to do likewlsè. E n try blanks calliüg'for-bôth dar.4 a n d cash and all. in­ formation . can be obtained from th e Or­ phans’ Automobile , Day Association, 222 W est 59th Street, telephone Columbus 2417. horso, w h en he became, a tractor instead of. a carrier. In all the live factories to-day the t r a c ­ to r principle, is coming in for. special a t- tentkfn. W h y it delayed so long Is hard to vihderstand I t Is a Self-evident fact you have a bunch of m erchan- movH, and liave? a gdod road to .. «''7-* -\■* -I..-' - '• - move over, you would not put this m e r­ chandise on the back of a horse and carry it. W h y has not the same process of reasoning come into play long before With regard to the m o tor truck? W hy not utilize all the power th a t there is in th a t truck? There is sufficient power to draw over good going ibonsiderably more than the frame, springs, axles, and tires will support in carrying the load. In all the standard trucks to-day the transm is­ sion and driving mechanism, consisting of gears, shafts, keys, and all strain - tak i ing p a rts from the engine back to the wheels, are designed to w ithstand the power that the engine will develop. If a truck built to carry five tons be driven up to a brick wall with its full load on its back and the power applied, the wheels will slip on the dry street. This shows that the truck capable of draw ­ ing behind it ju s t as much as the tra c ­ tion between the road and the driving wheels .will adm it of. Thgigg^are two methods of m aking the motor TjSiek into a tractor. O n e .is the four-wheel'- trailer priniple, and the other is the two-wheel or sem i-trailer principle. Here comes in the traction problem; and it is one of the greatest problems th a t confront the designer and user of the m otor vehicle to-day. W h ere we. m u s t depend entirely on friction, as is the case on the city streets, where no cleats or spikes are allowed, we m u st use for a tire a substance that has a very high coefficient of friction. Much ex­ perim enting has been done with wood blocks, combination wood and steel, and other substances. But we have all come back to rubber. Now, about the only rea­ son for the rubber on a tire is for the ti action th a t it gives. The cushioning effect of solid rubber tires is of little values. Springs are made to take care of all road shocks, and do it very well. Steel tires have been successfully used fur years on draw n wheels, and i t is safe to continue their use. G ranting th a t the m otor truck is a highly developed piece of mechanism, it is limited in its carrying capacity, ran handle only the kind of merchandise for which its body w a s designed, and m ust wait while loads are being put on and I taken off; but when i t 4 s vised as a tra c ­ tor its field is widened, inasmMi'h as its capacity is doubled—it carries its nor­ mal load and draw s as much more on two wheels f'raili'ng behind. It can handle as m any different kinds of loads as there are different kinds of wagons to attach —low-bed wagons, end-dump wagons, bottom-dump Wagons, long or short wagons, or passenger buses. Half the weight is carried on steel tires; the to­ tal weight is spread over three axles; the truck and driver are constantly occupied —no w aiting for loads; loads may be left standing to be unloaded when convenient. While any m o tor truck m ay be used as a tractor in th i s m anner, far better results will be obtained i f the tractor is built es­ pecially for the work, w ith short wheel base, short-turning radius, ex tr a low gear, and other desirable features known to every designer. EXPENSES OF MOTORIST. IM P R O V ING COUNTRY ROADS. Grenfeat A mo n u t Spent on Tire», Next Cornea Gaaolene. The recent investigation, w h ich th é H a y n e s Automobile Company conducted am o n g some 5,000 owners, gave some re ­ m a rkably interesting figures as to the w a y th e m o torist spends his dollar. M any an automobile ow n er im a g ines th a t thé m a jor p a r t of th e outlay he tu r n s over fo r his m o tor c a r goes for item s like oil and repairs w h ic h he puchases frequent­ ly in sm all quantities. The largest ex­ pense in fro n t of th e m o torist is the four tires; even w h en the car is giving a tire mileage of nearly 7,500 miles. Tires which a r e good fo r a figure in excess of 10,000 a r e th e exception ra th e r th a n the rule. This mileage claim s one dollar of every four, w h ich the m o torist planks down on th e counter of th e equipm ent retailer. It is estim a te d t h a t th e cost of in n e r casings is approxim ately one- eighth of total tire expense. N e x t In Im p o rtance is the gasolene ex­ penditure. Fuel costs tw e n ty-tw o cents a gallon on annual average the country over and it takes thirty-seven cents out of every dollar to kee'p th e m o tor ru n - ing. T h e investigation showed a nation­ wide average of nearly fifteen miles to a gallon of fuel. W e a ther has an im ­ p o r tan t effect on the segm e n ts of the m o torist’s appropriation which the gaso­ lene and tire outlays cover. In sum m er, th e higher tem p e ratures give perfect conditions f o r vaporization in well-cooled m o tors. The w eight of demountable tops an d the addition of tire chains in w inter, c u t tire mileage one-flfth and fuel mile­ age one-third. T h e m o tor car’« repairs and replacem e n ts are third in Im p o rt­ ance. T h e y am o u n t to 8 per cent, of thé season’s bills w ith expense varying greatly w ith the skill o f 't h e Individual driver. The money spent for m o tor lubricants ordinarily am o u n ts .to only 4 peç cent, of th e m o tor oar’s total o u t­ lay . JOHN WILLYS DONATES A CAR. One of the Country Club T / w far Actors’ Fund Fair. John N. WlUys, president of the W illys-Overland Company, h a s donated a “Country Club\ c a r to the Actors' Fund Fair, whloh will be held during th e com­ ing week a t the G rand C entral Palace. The car Is attractively finished. The body is a gray, and the fenders are a light green. The top-boot and seat covers a r e also gray, w ith a fine hair-line green stripe, and the color and finish, together w ith wire -wheels, set the graceful lines of the car off to advantage. I t w in be one o f the centres of a tt r a c ­ tion at the fair, and Judging from the subscriptions which have already been sold, it is likely to prove one of the largest dividend payers there. D. R. Cain, instructor of the Goodyear T ire & Rubber Company School of Tire Repairing, says th a t when a tire re­ ceives a n injury extending through all the plies of the fabric, the repair m u s t be in tho forni of a section. EVERYTHING FOB Billiards' Price« and Term* to Suit REPAIRS BY EXPERT MECHANICS TIi* Brunaw Ick-Ballcé-CoHender Cfc, 2 » t + M W«t 82 d at., H m t Bnadwar, W o r k D o n e In Slon x City. la .. Shows Good R e a n lts. As a result of highway im provem ents by States and counties it is not uncom ­ mon to ride comfortably over good roads for m any miles and then encounter vei j poor entrances into a city. The contrast between th e good rural roads and t he very poor one$ w ithin city limits is yfton due to the laws under which road-im- provem e n ts in a city must be financed. In m any cases th e cost of the im p rove­ m ents is borne entirely by the abutting property, whereas, th e rural roads are im proved a t the expense of an entire township, often with county or State aid. The people of Sioux City, Iowa, had w retched roads leading into the country for a num b e r of years, although the roads connecting with them were considerably better. The Legislature was accordingly asked to pass a law by which these coun­ try highw ays w ithin t h e city lim its could be im p roved at the expense of all of the property benefited, ju s t as the wet lands in Iowa have been im p roved d u r ­ in g m any years by form ing a drainage district for each section benefited by a drainage system and distributing the cost of the work over the district. W hen the Legislature passed a Road District law for the im provement of the highways of Sioux City, a num b er of road districts were formed w ithin its limits. The work was financed by first de­ term ining the proportion of the total cost of each road w h ich th e city as a whole should pay; this proportion ranged from 32.8 to 49.35 p e r cent. The rem ainder of the cost in each district was then dis­ tributed over all of th e property within it, some of the property being laid out in lots and other parts W n g typical Iowa farm ing land. The distribution of the ex­ pense was first made by estim ating th a t the lots and the farm lands abutting on the road and m o st directly benefited should be ranked as paying a 100 per cent, assessm ent. Lots and farm s at a greater distance paid a reduced assess­ ment, and in th is w a y it proved prac­ ticable to raise the money in an equitable m a n n e r rather th a n by assessing the whole cost against the abutting property in the old way, which would have been impossible to carry out because the cost was far too great to be Dome by such property. Under this system farm land carrying a 100 per cent, assessm e n t paid from $12 to $20 per acre In the different districts, and there were a few plots, where the special benefits were marked, which were given a 125 per cent, assess­ ment. As an example of th e way this system worked out, mention may be made of a farm one mile from a road, which paid $12.35 per acre; in this district a 100 per cent, assessm ent wa3 equivalent to $19 per acre, and th is particular farm , on account of its distance from th e road, w as given a 65 per cent, assessm e n t; tho owner of th e farm raised no objections to th is levy. The districts had an are a ranging from one to eight square miles, and th e length of roads bu ilt i n a d is­ trict in th is w ay range from 0.83 to 5.55 m iles; in ail tw e n ty miles of t h e m ain routes into the city have been im proved ■with concrete roadw a y s in this way. FAST TIME BY CHALMERS CAB. ‘J o e D a w a o n F l l o t a S tock C k a a ili M ile In 38110. C. H. King, vice-president and general m a n a g e r of the Chalnjers M otor Sales Company, w h ich was recently opened as a factory branch in t h e Circle Building, th is city, received a telegram la s t T h u rsday, giving particulars of the r e ­ m arkable perform ance of th i s m a k e of car a t Jacksonville, F l a , on M ay 9. Piloted by Joe Dawson, the fam o u s Speedway driver, a stook ohassi« w ith its fan rem oved m ade th e fastest m ile re c ­ ord ever stored in th » 380 cubic inch and under clase. The tim e for th e mile on the wave sw ept sands of A tlantio- Paiblo Beach w a s 88.10 seconds. T h e trial w a s under oWcial American A u to­ mobile Association observation, Joseph Tracy, th e v e teran race driver, acting a s technical representative of the Contest Board, while the tim ing w a s done w ith electrical tim ing device. Dawson's m a r k is 2.2 seconds faster th a n th e record made by a 460 cubic- inch class N ational, an d w a s also w ithin three seconds of records made by the H u d son Super-six in the 800 cubic-inch clasa, the piston displacem ent of these m o tors being considerably g reater than th a t of the car in the recent test. Daw­ son m ade th e “speed baby\ m a intain a speed of nearly 95 miles per hour. VARIETY IN INKS AIDS GOLFER’S DEVfLOPMENT j CHANGE OF VENUE CAUSES PLAY­ ER TO FACE NEW PROBLEMS. A Course Is Generally W orthy of Con­ sideration Even if I t Possesses Only One F irst Class Hole. Since no two golf cour.se» 'a n i<o pre­ cisely alike it follows that a changi- of venue must alw ays bring the plajer face to face with new problems in the exeri ise Of his art. This is a distinctive and su r ­ passing m erit of the game, and one which it shares w ith no other sport. Billiard tables to be w o rth playing upon nt all, m u s t resemble each other piccisely in •speed of cushion and trueness of bed, the first-class tt^inis court is virtually the same everywhere, and one football or baseball field is aa like tc another as two peas in a pod. There may be difference of quality, to be sure, but never of kind. Good is good and bad is bad absolutely, and the tape- line and spirit-level are the all-im p o rtant factors in the case. How different it is with th e game of golf! H ere one finds divergences in both kind and quality. One course may be laid out on the flat and another over rolling ground; there may be short links and longer circuits; at one club every hazard and putting green have been laboriously created out of the rough, a t another nature has done everything. Y et a t all good golf m a y be possible; if not wholly, a t least in part. A course is entitled to consideration even though it ssosses but one first-class hole out of e nine or eighteen; tfct it m u s t have ■fae one. > Players who know no course but their own m iss one of the dearest delights of golfing. The new situations, the unex­ pected problems a re wonderfully fascinat­ ing, a n d in their quick and accurate reso­ lution tho golfer shows his class. It is almost impossible that a really fine golfer should ever be developed upon any one course no m a tter w h a t its individual ex­ cellence. H e m u s t broaden his concep­ tions o f the game by an excursion now and th e n into the wide World of golf. Infinite variety is the spice of golf as of life, an d the golfing pilgrim should be one of the happiest of men. It happens again and again t h a t golfers find them selves for a variety of reasons in more or less strange territo ry a t all seasons of th e year. If th e y have their clubs w ith them it ia only n a tu r a l th a t w ith tim e on th e ir hands, they should seek th e nearest links. B u t if they are n o t in the habit of playing over any cir­ cuit excepting th e ir own, they will find it a difficult m a tter to get th e ru n of the land. If, On the contrary, a strange links Is taken, a s a m a tter of course, th e enjoy m ent o f th e gam e Is intensified a h u n dred-fold. 05U.VDUUEIBS BBOOMB OBtfTIOAXi. Golfers w h o go from one course to an cither become more critical th a n their etay-at>hom e brothers, and in tim e come to the conclusion th a t the character of a course is determ ined by the position and guarding of its p u ttin g greens. If th e greens are in a n open position it passes the w it of m a n to m a k e th e course first-class. No course can be called a thorough te s t of the skill and nerve of th e player w h ich has no t so closely gtiarded greens t h a t on occasions there Is b u t one, and th a t a m o s t skilful shot by which the long a p p roach can be placed on th e putting g reen. In guarding the green th e m ain consideration should be to ren ­ der it difficult of a p p roach save from the centre of th e course an d from a w ell-hit drive. There la p e rhaps no s p o r t i n w h ich even a respectable player m a y become so u t ­ terly an d m y steriously off a s in th e gam e of golf, if, indeed, I t can under such cir­ cum stances be called a gam e a t all, and is not r a th e r to be designated as a fiend­ ish torture. Such bad fallings away, of couiroe, may be due to over-golfing one- Belf, or to playing in oppressing w eather, or -upon had greens, especially those far with th»ir hard lies in d ry MW) ': --ii- overgrowth in rainy weather.. U. persists In outraging nature, M must be prepared to take th e cons* quences; and to rest from golf for f.. little time is the obviousi remedy. But there are timea.when bad play caa. not ha ascribed to such causes -as theMk and when it is evident th a t the plajrei; XV doing things he ought not to be doinft and cannot expect to regain skill until, he has discovered his error. FSpsQiiM^. some of the prescriptions giyen 'here. may. be of help; w h a t is to be said can, hoi*K ever, only be of a general nature, stmM* faults are m any and ¡swings are. v arious. The subject also is complicated, erino*' there are m any sm all and apparently in ­ significant details, and one of w h ich m a j- be the cause of trouble. it might be well, as a ¿preliminary m e » , su r e , to consult some of those best ttfe quainted with your gam e and to ask t h e n if they can observe any alteration, e* ilistortion of style. It m ay even be pro*, itablo to consult the looking-giass and 'to- awing before i t having due regard ft* the furniture. In th is w a y it m a y ba found that there are m any things beta«! done in the wrong w ay; for example, t h a t ' the head of the club m ay be a fraction o i a second late in reaching the ball, a certain precursor of seriousr slicing. I t may be th a t the essential follow -through is lost a n d th e fact not known. T h is can-. , not be detected exwept during a c tual play,, but will be sufficiently obvious to t h e by­ stander. It m ay be th a t the grip lit slack, w ith th e result of over-swinging. The professional m ay prove helpful i t -nnsuLed in tim e; then again he m a y not. T a k ing the various possible faults to or­ der, first of all th e r e is th e shortened follow-through. T h is m a y be best cured by bending well down in addressing -th* • ball and -by keeping down w ith g r e e t steadiness of head till th e ■win*' is eoflk . ed. W h a tever lengthens th e DowwaB# - | swing m u s t also oi necessity b e benatt- .. d a l to the cure of slice. T h « slioer should, therefore, toe recom mended to s i t well down to his w o rk, and the increased ■ length given to th e sw ing will, in a S • probability, carry th e club onw a rd till I t l;aa passed th e point a t w h ich i t h a s been ■ accustom ed to m ake t h a t prem a ture, tu r n to th e left w h ich by crossing th e boll , im p a rts the fatal outw a rd spin. * N e x t suppose the golfer to be affiiofead w ith a m y sterious tendency to pull. Tfefta will m o s t likely be accom panied by n* t infrequent foozles. These- «re n o t ti** faults, but one. T h e pull, is th a rw m it , of a slight tuarnln« In of t h e toe of th a club perhaps begun a t th e m o m e n t o f a d ­ dress; the foozle tak e s plaoe w h e n th la tu r n has -been exaggerated so m u c h a* ' to sm o ther the ball. It will -be noticed, th a t a ball foozled from this coos* w fll in m o s t cases also travel to the left, ang; th u s Indicate its close relationship to t h a pull proper. Unless th e reason ia -tinw», stood, the golfer m ay - ,>ntinuo indell- nitely In th i s practice, and «ven when, he has discovered w h e re i.he fau lt lie * 1 m ay be a t a loss to know how to pre­ ven t screw ing in the heai. So all t h a t is necessary is a slight • . 'w a id tu r n 0 * - th e le f t elbow during tho address,- w iw A - will a t once tu r n the clu'ihead in a a out> w ard direction, th u s mal, fu r th e r » u u - ’ ing an impossibility. (A l w a y s t h e I e u o i o L a b e l ) OLD TAYLOR Bottled in Bond The L e a d ing B e v e rage W h iskey o f A m e rica {A l w a y s B o t t l e d in B o n d ) . ti i ti % *a ' \Vi ‘\'k- 4 * ’i ■’I f - A E. H . T a y lor J r . & Sóijs INCORPORATED D istillers Frankfort, K j . ■-4 NEW HEIGHT-FLYING RECORD. C a p t. R o liertao n R e a o k e a 16,400 F e e t w i t h P a a a e n g e r n t S a n D ieso. S an D ikqo , Cal., M ay 12.—All American records for altitude w e re broken yester­ day by Capt. W. A. Robertson, Jr., junior m ilitary aviator a t th e N o rth Island train in g school, who reached a height of about 16,400 feet. Tho A m erican re c ­ ord, 16,335 feet, had beefl\ h eld by V ictor Caitatroin, who w a s killed in a flight a t W w rport New», Va., on W ednesday. C a p tain Robertson and Lieut-C o l. H a r r y G. Boshop started from N o rth Is l ­ and to Calexico in Im p e rial Valley last Jan u a r y b u t were carried fa r from th e ir course and were lost f o r nine days in th e desert of Sonora, Mex. Captain Robert- *on to-day had a s a passenger Capt. C K. R h inehardt. They used a 300 horse­ power battleplane. Zero tem p e rature prevailed above th e 16,000-foot level and both aviators suffered Intensely. The Usco run of J u n e 10 over a route betw een Y o n k e rs and Albany on one side of th e H udson a n d return on the other side, will be under th e m a n a g e ­ m e n t of George A- Bills, of the U n it­ ed States T ire Company, State Commis­ sioner of th e Motorcycle Federation. It will n o t be an endurance affair, and the proceeds will be given to th e American Red Cross. •High Grade Automobile Répairs 205*213 East 47th St. CLIFFORD A. ADEE, Su p e r in tend e n t Telephone Murray Hill 280S. if know it is n 't likely y r u w ill «per see these chain»—a t leatt not i f you watt for trouble to tell j/o it they're there. The M ORSE tile n t chain power transm ission—the last word in the engineering science o f power transmission—is a feature o f the new B u p ; and a dozen or so other cars selling anywhere fro m $500 to several thousand more» Q u a l i t y C o u p led to G o o d L o o k $ T h e Hupmobile has always been b u ilt for goodneaa and performance. It always will b e. Those piopertiea distinguish the Hupmobile. T h e y stam p It a car o f •pedal values. They give i t a special, reputation. T o them is how joined the new distinction of style and extraordinary beauty. In this field th e H u p ­ mobile now stands as high a s it does in performance. Im m ediate deliveries now —b u t t h a t ’s no guarantee of the future. Five-Pans. Touring Our . . . S12M Sedan . * . .......... ,*1733 Seven-Pass. Touring Car..»1440 f. o. b. Detroit Also fu l l U he of d istin c ti v e c u s t o m bodies, in c lu d in g L im o u s in e , B r o u g h a m , C o u p é , e tc. C H A S . E . R I E S S & C O . , In c ,. PHONF, c i r c l e 1616 1741 Broadway, a t Sfitii S t, Five-Passenger Touring M odel, Price $1,285 mm ■ Isi ■41 f: • f .‘;*v •f - T f • * £ ' * \V-.vV:/ } A

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