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The evening post. (New York [N.Y.) 1832-1920, June 05, 1888, Image 7

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Persistent link: http://nyshistoricnewspapers.org/lccn/sn83030384/1888-06-05/ed-1/seq-7/


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1 “ I I p i i & i i i s i ' « Is I i t ■ j )S 4 M m TM M m m , . 5 Ittstahtly kill- is ejQSely tdllowsd by the de«th of Mr, ipitleta front of 200 Bowery tmd of William jiurrayat 616 .SfOadway on, May Til, and any daymayacldmew wietims to the list, After every such aecidehfe the newspapers cjamor to ^ave the wires placed under grouhd, while the eiectripisns eonnectec hold telepl a t fault throw the blame on; the il the .matter hat been )n-sense regulat jossible to Mil a & of a few conamon- make it almost impossible to Mil a man from an aro-llght current. It will not^ do \for electriqians to state that they ‘Mon’b>,, know what Mlled that man,” for unless they take prompt measures to make their business safe some tdrrible accident-yvill cause the adoption of laws to regulate electric lighting, which, be­ ing framed by their enemies, -mil cripple or destroy their business, So, a t the risk of oSending some corporations , Slaving hoary investments in unsafe systems, I will venture to state, a few facts .which I ti-ust the press will bo kind enough to publish - ----- \ed ician wilh loly, as no disinterest electric deny my statements. ■ ■ It is well known that a continuous curr®; of “ low tension,” such as Is used by the Edison Company for .incandescent lights, is perfectly* safe as far as life risk is concerned. From this fact the false popular impression has arisen that all incandescent systems are safe and all arc systems dangerous. But it is not to the “ low tension” alone that this current owes its safety, shfbe a factor fully as important is the even, steady quality of its delivery. That ‘is, a current of “ high tension,” but unbroken be,o, perfectly ■ continuous, may b p safe if ■ properly operated, while ' a cur­ rent of lower “ tension,” but' wavy or pulsating, is always dangerous. And when these pulsations rise in speed and intensity the igerger increases,eases, until-thentil-the climaximax iss reachedj fit b.” ii in incr u cl i re what is called the “ alternating current,’ which Impulses are given nrst m one direction id then In the other several thousand times a luute. , To understand the reason for this it is nbees- lemberember thalhat sary to rem t when a cuiwent through a wire or other conduotor is made or broM i in the _ opposite current in th e _ opposite direction i? “ in­ duced ” In any parallel conductor; the same effects are produced in a less degree when the arsi current pulsates, but are intensified when it is alternated or reversed in direction. Any onS' who has held the metal handles of a “ medical ” (Qalvano-Faradaio) batt bad a practical expi of induction and pulsation ; eperienoe of apparatus the ■\ current from ' the battery itself is so feeble that it cannot be detected without the use o l instruments, ex cept by the metaUio taste when the terminals are touohed'by the tongue. This InsigplflcaBt current is passed through a short piece of in­ sulated wire coiled around an iron core, and is \interrupted by Arapidly vibrating armature, thereby inducing in another and longer coil of wire surrounding the first a series of shocks ' whose Intensity can produce most intense suf­ fering or even death in' a human being Who • forms a portion of the, ^sircultl' I t Is this ra­ pid succession of shocks that kills, wMle a siugle steady impulse of the same intensity would do little damage. Two of the leading aro-lighting systems have dynamo-electric • generators provided with n as “ open-circuit armatur* a pulsating current somew kind to the one just described, a m ? n W X O m , T t J E S - B A T » \ j 0 H E . ' 5 , ' 1 $ 8 6 , cotton uud expbfee tbo a u d i t s Alto-' gather unfitted lor .outd.oor u^ . Atnopg elec­ tric-lighting in e a - it is approwiately called: “ uudeftaker’s wire,” and th® frequeut fatedi' ties it Causes justify the name, .Even with the m o st CphScictitious electric- lighAsuperintendent, who tests his circuit care­ fully for grounds” everyday; beforestai-t, ing the generators, there is uc||sUrety that dur. ing the ruu:Some telegraph 'Wire may not drop miles away from an electric lamp, ’ The .condition of the oleotric-ligVt circuit the lower p art of the city is simply dlsgri ful, as has been previously pointed out. Most of them were first ppt up years ago; they have, been cut and patched until full of joints, f .-Which the tape flutters ; the insulation- off in plac( tirely worn off in places or hangs in shi-ods, and few circuits are fit to run with safety for a single hour. They cross and recross the structures of the elevated roadsds ; theyey sway iu loose loops, andAre Intersected a t all ; th sag aj intersected a t t s by telephone and telegraph wii-es. C I of these circuits two or more dynamos are run in series, tl risk, and it is in series, thus more than doubling the life is almost certain that it was these overloaded circuits that kUlcd Streifler and If the Board of Electrical Control cannot force the -wires under ground, they can at least condemn these lines, which the companies oar for theil underwriters underground cir ought to have an eye to this also, for every bare or poorly Insulated spot is a menace to property as weli as life. But if “ influence ” prevents the wires from being replaced, and it seems to pOTmit the tension of new -wires elsewhere, there are a few simple precautions which, it enforced, will make fatal accidents almost impossible. A1‘ the deaths due to arc lighting, as far os report haveave beenen causedaused byy thee victim’sictim’s breaktejal receivg the fatal “ <xtra-current’’.thus ed, h be c b th v bre the circuit and placing himself in the break to eeivg the fatal “ e caused, by his making a “ grorlnd” connection With a circuit on which there was another ‘‘ground.” Both of these dangers can be avoided by Very simple apparatus. If a voltameter, or a circuit of very high resistance, be connected across the -notes of external circuit every' arc-light dynamo, the may be opened without producing the death- flash, as most , the “ e,Mra current ” will go through the -by-pass. This would prevent a large proportion of the fatal accidents. If every arc-light dynamo was also provided with a wire of very high resistance leading from the circuit to the “ ground,” upon-which was interposed' appaj-atus to shut off the pro­ duction of current the instant a second “ ground” occurred, no deaths could be caused foolhardy carelessness. The latter : ing was held a*: BlrminKhi the licensing clauses. The \V. Si Caine, M.l ! a t liberty 1 the questloi except i sed to shuji al circuit i should be similar 1 what are which produce a pulsating current somewl powerful. I the deaths though a thousand times more powe to this current that nearly all ( caused by arc-lighting systemsmust be attri­ buted. These “ open-circuit armature” sys­ tems were pioneers in electric- lighting, and at the time they were Invented i t was supposed that the “ olosed-clroult armatures,” which produce the steady and .safer current, -could not be made to develop sulBcient electro­ motive force to operate a number of ore lamps upon one circuit. Bub the recent advances In the science have made possible “ olosed-oircuit (u-maturo ” generators which give the same amount of current and, h less'expendi- eloctro-piotive force, with a much , so that ison for the e rith its pulsating *nd Id o not mean to have it understood that the ictro-m< re of motive power, so tha there is now no valid reason for the existence of the old type ts pulsating a dangerous enrre “steady” current is always safe or that the “pulsating” is always unsafe, for any current with more than fifty are lamps in series is dan­ gerous and should be prohibited ; -wl “ pulsating ” emrent, if its circuit is k roughly Insulated and carefully -watchc tested every day, may run for out a fatal ai remains that “ steady ’’ circuit,ircuit, hi rent, with fifty or less lamps in c has had, to my knowledge, but four victims against the scores killed and maimed by the “ pulsating” eorrent. And even these four, were responsi­ ble for their fate, since nil were employees and should have known better. Three of them tried to disconnect apparatus through which they . knew the current was flowing, and tlius got in­ to the circuit, while the fourth received the full current while trying to repair a broken, wire which he knew was charged., But the persohs killed by the other system^ general thing, have been in no way islblo' for the accidents that caused tl iths; they 1 ’ - . • touched or run Wire when standing on touched a t the same moment some dentally charged with the fatal current, some other conductor having a “ ground ” _ Mr. Witte. 1 do notiieliei with extremists that the “ pulsating ” current I do think thi sponsible for the acc deaths; they hive, as did young Streiffer, mtly harmless ainst an nppar 1 a damp place, or ha ent some metal ac neetion,' as, did Mr. Wltti xtremis »f safetyt should be rigidly enforced should be prohibited, but conditions of s le authorities, the circuit carrying the “ pulsating ” c accident is likely to occur. he insulation or a heavy rain, a But if, throbs : of the insulation or a hea ton between the circuit wire “pound ” is formed, any one who touches the wire and a “ ground” wUl receive a portion of R ' j'he current; if he happens to be near the other “ ground,” he receives but.a small shock,' but if the other ci ■e a number of lamps between him and ir connection, tlie shock may be fatal. Of course the reply will be Inade that all the ®ro-lighting stations in this country use insu- , latedwlrei “ just where a g ceen made, and the sooner this is corrected the etter for the cause of electric lighting. It is . 1 Secret among electricians that w e .known as “ underwriter’s wire” has a ■tery poor insulation, even when ’’ cuntry -- as required by the underwriters,” “Ut here Is ju st where a great'mistake has been made, and the sooner this itterfor ' ■tery poor insulation, even when new and tturing-dfy weatheiybuf pmclically no ifisula- Ion at all during a rain. The paint dries out M it after a few months’^ exposure, ofher mres rubbing against it- toon 'wear away the current in cose the external bx'oken. With these precautions, and with the her of lamps limited to fifty on a single circuit, I “ pulsating” current would bo fairly as the stations are now operated upon circuits with frayed and worthless insulation. even the safe, but they are a constant menace to all who walk the streets, use a telephone, or touch a -wire. In regard to the popular impression that all incandescent electric lighting systems I am sorry to say that recently sevei who have'more regard for the t safety of id the “ alternating ” emrent almighty public,' have It for incaur adopted descent service. If the “ pulsating” current is dangerous,' then the “ alternating ” can be described by no adjective less forcible than damnable. With the “ pulsating ” current three contin­ gencies must ordinarily arise to produce fatal results: there must be a “ ground ” connection uu iit; t ; a person n at some distance fromm on the c irc lUst touch the cirenit > the first “ ground,” and must at the same instant be in connection -with o “ ground,’’ himself. But the “ alternating ’’ Trent produces fatal results by simply touch- s togeth- • every house, ccount of its danger they do not permit the ‘ ‘ primary,” death-current, to enter the house, but supply from the “ secondary” cmTent. )so two circuits is ihter- an a thin la; silk insulation, and, as has haj Its supporters may say that er they do not permit 1 i-curre the lamps True, but between t the “ secondar 1 these •e than again, it requires but' a flash oi little n tppened again 1 of lightning or a little moisture in the convertingapparatus to bring the death-current to each lam; ing\ operating excuse for the use of the fatal ternating ” current is that it saves the company it from spending a larger sum of qulred • the heavier required by the safe That is, the pubUo to constant danger from sudden death ■’in order that a corporation may pay. a lUUe larger dividend. I do not know of a sjngle dis­ interested electrician of high standing who does not condemn the alternating system. Siemens & Halske, a firm of electricians -with a •world- Tvide reputation, have spent years of experi­ ment upon it, but have abandcined it as unsafe, and say that its use should be prohibited by landescont sys i, which are of Electrical Control should forbi the fatal alternating current, and legislatmes. that stringent regulations be passed to prevent his- wholesale risk of human life. The placing the ivlresof the alterSating system un­ der ground.wouldmnly intensify the di r of the alterSatin; inly intensify the danger : ight^ be used, while its u .bouses where it mi; like this Is as ppwder fac­ et the adoption and enforcement of regula- 3 ns similar -to the following, they will nOt IU7LES FOn STATION LIGHTING. Not more than fifty arc lights shall be o -rated upc used excl wooden poles; in t leiksixty.eiksmy. exce . All outdoor arc-li{ vided with waterpi ■light circuits must be pn iroof covering hav ing a'n ifl is than one-.half sulation resistance of not Ic Any circuit falling below this must megohi not be used until restored. No arc-light dynamo shall be operated 'ided with a voltameter across its ter- the extra-current caused by opening the exter; nal circuit. No arc-light dynamo shall be operated unless provided ivlth m.ean.s tor antomaticaliy stop­ ping the. production of current the' instant gi'ound connection is made upon its circui ; the. production of current the' instant a and connection is made upon its circuit. 0 arc-light dynamo shall be operated unie: provided: with means for automatically breal tug or short-circuiting the field circuit the ii stant the external circuit is broken, in order t prevent a current from being built up by tl broken circuit ends falling upon some condm No aiteniatiug current with a higher electro- otive'forcq than tfiree huiulrofi volte iiball be H aeo AB P . fihO'vvN, Bteotrfcal E ngineer, ^ 201 WEBr’FjFtv-rohhTH S'rmjiSToStft-w York, M.aj\ 21.. f j i ' j i i o u s J O J E S . — T here was a long and aerlmonlous debate In the Fronoli Chamber yoatetdav over Gen- 'Bou­ langer’s motloti far conatitiitlohnl ravlslon, b u t e motion, was finally roJe?tpd by 377. nays to 8 yeas. The chamber then resolved, by u . Vote o l 335 to 1*10, that tbe speech of M. F loquot. should bo placarded pubUoly throughout France. There Was slight oxoitoinent outside the Cham­ ber on the dopartm-e of Gen. Boulanger. A few persons wore arrested for refusing to disperse. ’ Walsh, the man who, was suspected -by the ..British police o f being implicated In a plot simi­ lar to that which led to the murder of Lord Frccl- eriok Cavendish and Undor-Bcorethry Burke in Phomlx Park, Diihltn, finding hlmsolf dogged at ky footstep, accorded an interview In Paris to agent from Scotland Yard. He said he had convinced himself that the police bad discovered all tbe details o f the matter In ivhioli ho was lu- steamer La Norn)andie on Saturday, taking terqsted, Walsh suited from H avre foK..Ntiw York steam er L a Noriifandte on Saturday, taUii sago u n der the name of IValters. Previout departure h e spent money lavishly. .London nows- lolatlon between - “ Twenty years ago,” says a ne know of tlie assoo onsumptlon and a istios have ful.y proved the connection, iish town paper, “ n o o n e pulmonary consumption and a damp subsoil; but statistic age. In Salisbury tho deaths from consumption fell 49 p er cent.; in Ely, 47 per coqt.. and Mer­ thyr Tydvil, which gained least, had its death- rate from consumption lowered by 11 per cent. By statistics wo were pointed to tho high mortality from consumption In tho British army, and especially In the Guards, due to oonflncd air —amovtality xvhlch has boon so affeetod by bet- itilatlon of barracks that tho consumpti’ JJtpiN :SEI lORK, 234 St.,. lest, [“Tste^iotT*’- PARIS, Sbis, Rue Martel. W E w i n , O F P E lt o r i U N O TIULS W E E K AN E E K « A N T fiTOCIC OF FINE TRIMMED E iiM B o ti Bats, IS NEW TDRBAS- SHAPES, lAlKlSG BATS, &c., At the Reduced Price of Wftli fully $10 and $15 respectively. death-rate fell in the Guards from 1S5 in 10,00! 1 the year 1858 to 10.0 in the year 1875; that i 3 say, the dcayis from consumption alone in thi lunrds In 1875 ivas less than a seventh of tin — Tho dissident members of the British Par­ liament nt u conference yesterday decided thbGovenhb support t Government on the llceMiugquf tlon if modified so ns J o limit the period of coi ponsntion and prnvhiH t.bnf fi,R pu,*f-l,ns» n3*-”icy- bo obtainedibtainod byy an Im-rpasedrpased llconsoconso tax.ax. A mcot-co b an im- ll t A m P ,, claimed tl to vote against the G I to protest against ■ was muchdlsord Mr. \V. Si Caine, M.P., claim ed that the TJnii iststvero a t liberty to vote against tho Gove; ment on tho question. Ho said that if the elausos were passed by Parliament, ho would introduce a bill for thpir repeal, and would riiiso a tcrtipe ranee crusade such ns no govornmont coub withstand. wore passed by Parliament, Tho American fishing-schooner Hmbrnse H. Knight, of Gloucester, Cnpt. Diggins, master, and the crow were arrested at St. Johns, New­ foundland, ye.aterday op a oliiirge of smuggling 0 the French bankers a t St. Pierre, In con- bait to the French bankers trnventionof thoNo^foum tTiilted States Consi No-^foundland Balt Act. Tlio nsul prooared bail, which was annual report of , the French wine t o f that in 1880 by i ms. I n referoncoto this, Mr. Ward, French Finance Minister, t •nslonally yqars, even phylioxern, when th( duct of last year fell short o f th a t in 1880 by ov 16,000,000 gallons. I n referoncoto this, Mr.Wni tho British Consul at Bordeaux, remarks there were occnslonoUy yqars, even before the times of tho phylloxera, abnormally small. In 1854, less than half last year’ example, it H shot by nearly 600,000 gallons, that to Germany by 330,000 gallons, and that to-Ame- rica by 255,062 gallons. Tho wide-spread taste fofo rr obampagnebampagne Inn Englandngland hasas alsoso o I E h al had on effect in reduping tho import of claret. Tho tqtal money loss to Franco from tho Introduction of the phylloxera in 1873 £400,000.000. IS been reckoned at — The Dominion Government has sent orders to Manitoba to rearrange the frontier pat protect Canadian terrltory.^-ftom United States marauders. A largo slice o f Canadian territory dleged that. T, 6 , SELLEW, 111 FlltBH St., S, Y, E U K O P K A ^ p i . . ^ CHINA ■■ MATTINGS; C t t w r o i a n o i . T H E C O r S T E Y NORTH OF THE HAPvI.EM RIVER ^ ALOKG THE Ll.NB OP THE liE W YOUK & N O R T U E ItN RA ILW A Y . Every person sliould take a day oft and visit tho country north of tho ll.nrlcm Elver, the great Groton watershed, the boaulltul lakes and hills, the constrnetlon of the now aqueduot, oto, FIrst-dass equipment, hard-coal burners, no olndors with the 6th and 0th .Vvenue elevated roads. Get a time, table at any of the west-side elovatod railway stations. Handsomely lllustratefl book descriptive of this country may bo obtained from all nows stands at hotels and elevated railway atntlous. North Cape, Norway ; MMrdg^ht Sun, 1888 . THS first - class , l I r O e T COMFORTABLE. AND FAST STE.AMER3 OF The Berg'euslte and tho Norden- Qeldslto s team s h ip Companies -----------Itnn-^Yioe a W eek During the Summer Season of 1888, takhigjthe Special Tourist Route , LYNGENFJORD, NORTH OAPE. to a n d B a c k to NEW YORK, NEW H'A.YEN' ■ AND HARTFORD R. B. ON AND AFTER APRIL. 33, 1888, ANCHOR LINE. CENTflAL- RAILROAD OF NEW JERSEY. PACIFIC MAIL S T E A M S H I P C O M l'A N Y L I N E S OB SANFRANiTSCO.vir SAN MAKOOS Falls From SAN F'llANC CITY. Mnolauil, ■CITY OF SYDNEY saUs.T'ni-.sda.y. Jiiuo la.Ur. M. j 4:oii, il;uii, ibif,, X1;15 a . m .; aj«). -laiii. 8:30 f. M. tor Free- Savannali Fast Freig h t and Passenger Line, p o i t hi T a n m TR,Y -W E E K liY lilNld. F rom Now Pl<-r 31 irlng„St. For L akewood, T om a ith e r, a n d IJo ru eg n t l:d 0 a . si ., iPEBiflH l E E i i o r T i r r a T ; mjilerlW.N.R. EEIBIE 15 . WEST PQIT, UB POEBHfflSlE, It Sundays), by tho fast west of Wlnnli>eg, Is well-tlEq.bered. Lumber In that section is scarce, and It is alleged that.largo pkrtiea of timber pirates make regular trips to tixo region, steal timber and carry it Una to the States. across tho S t c a m U o a t o . PALL RIYER LIIE. — Gov. Hill has elcotricitj punishmi r. Hill has signed tho bill subsUtuting 1 er''?)“dc.dour.'.rm\g«n^^ ty for lianslng os a means of capital | ^ “ -Hcw itt r e p . J y . i c x . a y to i Boixrd of Electrical Control that be would n ot , ^ “ ‘ ' ....... ‘ \■ • L. C O N N O R , C .P . A . subways nr There wili''be no | money to do the work unless the Commls- ' slonerof PubUc Works applies to tho Board i Apportionment f o r a tKnnsftw of oTipropriatlo Indicating the fund from which it can bet run — Eleven lives were Inst hotel atKockdale, Te.v., yost THE NEW ROCTE. For BOSTON, An elaborately worked altar-cloth hu,s ber-n j steamers RHODE toLAND and MASsArHCSETTS lonted to St. Panl’-s Cnthedi qstersof St. Marghret, at the E;;[n;:J:::;;.l;d' ! ! r . School o f Ecclesiastical Emhr --- ---------------------------------- dory, 8 t ......... — ^ ne’s, Queen’s Square, Y*. o,, it arc repre-i 'nted;the atoning of St. Ste]vhen, St. Paul be- j Boston 7:15 a . si . : tie Agrippa, and St. PnuFroeetving the crown , n k ht’s rest; sh.irt ' dally, except Sunday, cor at steamer’s wharf j with oxpresS'trqiu for.Boston lea, lui 5 A. M., arriving Pullnmn cars, new equlpmpnti full fournrohangels. The silk, and has taken ei'glil embroiderers three and a half years to complete. ^ t 0 c c U a n c o t t 0 Jl& i?’t 0 . The G-reat Secret may never bosolved; butthatAyex V igor preserves the hair in all its beai anti luxuriance, and even restores it, thin and gray, is Well Kiiowh. HaJsonRfter by Daylight DAY LINK STEAMERS. NEW Y O R K or ALHANY. D A ll.Y (e\c(>;d sundnys.) sis' of the natural color. ” , J. 'f. Gibson, $)6 Hope St., Huntley. Staf­ fordshire, Eng., sayst “ I have seen young men in South Australia quite gray whoso hair has been restored to it-! natural eo|..r after using ijgt one bottle of Ayer’s Hairi PR O V I D E .N C K Ixl.NE. avldonce D irect. Frolglit IJcB’t. m XH LT n e ’ KOK BO Ayer’s Hair Vigor,. --------- i)V, Agent. TltOY BOATS.' s a g i s f p s ■ j r T T T Q J ItoncliPs, Betl-Biigs, lints, i x l D l l l J Miec. Lice, Ficus, Gnrilen In- aedios. Ciurbellzi pressure New York C’entral and H u d soa Kivor Kailrofid. : FASioi’s VESTiBrLEi) rn f o A ' AND M'r. 1,0riH L ia ilT E I) . ... 'S i S W i B ; ', ? S E i i i s I g s For pnimnitt^mra^frel^hfrnwi'n gom'ral Informi Wilson Line of Steamers., Direct Pa.sse'uK<r Scrvi.-o to i 2 iKLSs 9 s 2 to ^ S u I auc S J ^ m ^ s ; T e RNOV II. BUOWX & CO„ Aaeiits. l ^ s f A I A V. S. UOYAI- mail STEA.MI'.KS. FOR q r E K S s'i’OWN AN'IX LIV k JU’OOL. imna Her. foot HATUriDA’ . . . ,.„„ „ is : 'iM isi;: ........ r?; = A. .H. i;.N D E H II/LL Ar GO., J Enilgr.mi 1 lc,» t ..m < i as I,-(iar |. .A Brondw ay, N. V. ^ riw Ni«v 3 ,n k Tniiisicr i icpi 'j ' “8 fur aai* I ..-11. I’AfiM-iigcr .Vgciiu. ch.^ma'|ig;Mr..min,m t.nuMfil .'.iMitfffr. r..0 M>-, BiiiTiily, K i-iii-'i-r.Kiisnc|i,|..iillrIi|gc,Nl- liS i i S l i ® i r s m s s s ~ z : . : i.L.iLHiAv,! ; R a u r o a s » . I ,-,\ u \ i Y V , . ..... ... ‘^\'rrk.LA h;E n:'.i...,..M -.t.cat, _ _____ __ .') %tii , -•rlnii A . Ni»w Y' rk. ^AichUon. tiio M i \ V Y O U K , 0 \ T \ i n « A \ \ KSTERN i r V . I ......r.r,-to-alw.„.x.x,„„d la, s.„ \o rn P a c in o 1 U '^1 st a m ; iny .vt.,7; - u . m , fnrMM-lJ.%- /to!.;!’ ________________ CARE CHARLES ROUTE I ’ ' O L D P O I N T C O M F O R T , N O R F O L K , PO R T S M O U T H ) A.'^iD T he 80UTH. I ...... LL. Y. I vJlUmK LINE--ALL-KA1I, K iii\IK ' k iih ■i.’Sirou li. G. r uud 1'. A. J . r ''^ ' Vr row,v houios nv l.tsiu ,S.. t N kw V oiik . . ‘' henry MnNETT, Gcn'l Passenger Agent. PEOT-SYLVANIA RAiLEOAD. Un and alUr May ll. t<tn. > AND VNiU U h-r.VTEK^amiL^OUTE. Fur\tliui li’( ir>, except Suiulay, 1 r. M.; thruughFar- J’i>i I'ape May'll :(ni 1’ wepk ilnys* F ( ) K / P I H I . A ] ) F . t . P I I I A , txpu'fl tralna K m ' o m \ v York,' vlu D<>bbro»ia>s aud I f/t iiiiut)i strft'i fe rrhft, um 7. ?}. IMP n»tO igo lUnilMil ami U» \\ ‘“\I I >* •.>: y t i . r ' 'tv-i . »♦.'.! I *'’■ r i-l r r l :

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