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New-York semi-weekly tribune. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1845-1850, October 02, 1847, Image 2

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S E M i - W l B K I T T R I B U N E . F R I D A Y M O R N IN a , O C T O B S a 1- THE NEW-IOBK'TRIBUNE. Th 0 commeiicenient of a New Volume of our W eekly and the approaching a««emblage of anew Congrea*, oloaely balanced in the attachment of its members to one or the other of the great Political Parties which divide the Country, impel us briefly to address the public. The fact that, through the ensuing W inter at least, a large measure of atten> tion, especially among the reading and reflecting ;} class, will inevitably be withdrawn from personal * and local mattera, from the pursuit of gain and the perusal of light literature appropriately so called, and fixed on National concerns and questions of the loftiest import, naturally suggests the expectation that journals like T he T ribune will be more ea­ gerly sought and more widely read through the year 1848 than in either of the three preceding. W e are on the eve of another Presidential Elec­ tion. Let none fancy that, since it is approached so calmly, it will be conducted sluggishly and ter­ minated without excitement. W hoever cherishes such an iflusion mistakes the character of the American People and the impulses which sway them. Equally idle is the imagination that Party lines are to be eflaced and broken down in this con- test—that the prestige of some heroic achievement or the glitter of an epaulette is to chase from the popular mmd all memory of the radical differences of sentiment which have so often arrayed one-half our countrymen in fierce conflict with the other.— Idle chimeras these ! offspring of an empty heart or a sickly b rain! W ith the progress of events particular measure may become more or less im­ portant, the emphatic assertion of a certain prin­ ciple more or less essential, but the question of questions remains and will remain. A t one time, the establishment or maintenance of a Sound and Uniform Currency ; at another, the upbuilding and cherishing of new or feeble branches of Home In­ dustry ,- at another, the proper disposition of the Proceeds of the Public Lands; at a fourth. Peace or W ar, Spoliation or Justice; but underneath all these, mightier than any, more enduring than all, lives ever the elemental difference in which parties have their origin—on one side the idea that Gov­ ernment should be C reative , C onstructive , B e ­ neficent ; on the other, the negative, sceptical, do-nothing element, whose axioms are ' The best Government is that which governs least,’ 'The People are inclined to expect too much from Gov. ernment,’ &c.—^which sees in a Canal, a Rail­ road. a Harbor, a Protective Duty, only a means of enriching a few individuals at the expense of the community, and which cannot conceive how any can be benefited by a public work without inflicting injury in at least equal measure upon others. The fundamental axioms of this negative philosophy are really hostile to Common Roads and Common Schools required and snstained’by Law as well to those elements of National well-being against which i t now directs the energies of a great party. The antagonism of sentiment growing out of these conflicting views of the nature and true ends of Government cannot, in the nature of things, be lastingly compromised; it cannot be terminated by the result of any one election. It must be poten­ tially felt in the party contests and popular agi­ tations o f many years to come. On thisiRnd all the g reat questions growing out of it, T he T ribune maintains emphatically the doc­ trines of the W h ig Party. It advocates P rotec ­ tion TO H ome I ndustry , wherever such Protection may be needed, and to the extent of the necessity ; a N ationai . C ubkenct , sound and of uniform value, composed of Coin and P aper in such proportions as public interest and general convenience shall dic­ tate*, I nternal I mprovement , by the General and S tate Governments, each in its own sphere, and by Associations, liberally incited thereto by such facilities as Legislation may safely and justly afford ; and such disposition of the P ublic L and P roceeds as shall secure the benefit thereof to the People of all the States throughout all future time. Above all, this paper will ‘ study the things that make for P eace ,’ and strenuously oppose the fell spirit of W ar, the lust of Conquest and the passion for Military Gtory, so mortally adverse to all those ideas of Social and Political Economy to which it is devoted, as a mildew to genuine Democracy, utterly at variance with Christianity, and as a scan­ dal to the Nineteenth Century. These views will be faithfully and fearlessly commended to public favor; while our opposition to the Extension of Human Slavery over one foot of soil whereon it has not now a legal existence shall be unsparing, compromising, and subject to no consideration of Party advantage or Presidential triumph. Far sooner will we sink with our principles than suc­ ceed without them, however desirable success how e v e r mortifying defeat. The Tribune is -widely known as hoping and la­ boring for improvement in the Social Relations of Mankind—for a gradual transformation which shall secure to every person bom into the world a place to live, a thorough practical Education, Opportuni­ ty to W ork, and a certainty of the fair and full compense of his Labor—and these not by purchase or on sufferance, b u t as the natural rights of human beings in an enlightened and Christian community. Among the means essential to the accomplishment of this Social Emancipation w e esteem , 1. a L and R eform which shall throw open the Public Lands to actujd settlers for cultivation without price, and lim it the area of Land which a n y one m ay hence­ forth acquire; and 2. I ndustrial A ssociation , or the union of m any families in the cultivation and ownership of one spacious Domain, with the pros­ ecution of m any branches o f Industry thereon, ail conducted with the w isest economy of labor, guided by the highest Industrial Science. Doubtless, the general realization of such a change is y e t far off, but the path of Human Progress tends thitherward, and a tm e Social condition, w h enever realized, w ill be one which g u a r ^ t e e s Education, Land, La­ bor and just Recom p ense to each individual, no matter how humble or destitute. Although the ' space which w e can devote to such topics is neces­ sarily limited, w e shall never c e a se to feel a lively interest in all efforts to improve the Social condi­ tion o f ' t h e disinherited classes,’ whether called slaves, serft, hirelings, farm-tenants, or something else. It is our deep conviction that the tim e pre­ dicted b y holy men o f old when ‘ every man shall sit under his own vine and fig-tree ’ ought to be near at hand in a country so free and fertile as ours, and that earnest inquhy and unselfish efibrt will h asten its coming. W h ether the p recise means that seem to us most foasible^ or others shall ulthnatefy be found jbest adapted to effect the n eeded melioration w e care not, so that the be fully obtained. —^T he T eibuni will endeavor to commend i|self to all classes of I'eaders by the fullness of its intel­ ligence as well as the fairness of its discussions.— W ith this intent one Assistant Editor will remain at Washington daring the Session of Congress, giv­ ing daily reports of sayingr and doings in the Houses and elsewhere; two European Correspon­ dents will transmit us regular dispatches from the Old W orld; while no expense will b e grudged in procuring the earliest and mostreliable information from all parts of the world. Re-views of New Books of decided interest and selections from the Popular Literature of America and Europe will be frequently given, with occasional reports of Publis L ectnres of high character; bnt it shall be onr first object to present a fair and full picture of the real world, only varied at intervals by excursions into the realm of the ideal. —T he N ew -Y ork T ribune is issued Daily (a Morning and two Evening Editions, in order to serve each subscriber with the latest news pos-' sihle) on a fair imperial sheet at Five Dollars p sr annum, or half the price of the great Commercial journals, by which it aims to be surpassed in nothing but Advertisements. A S emi -W eekly edition is issued on a similar sheet each Wednesday and Friday, and afforded to subscribers at Three Dol­ lars p er annum or $5 for two copies. The W eekly T ribune is printed on a sheet of nearly double the size of the Daily, and afforded at Two Dollars per annum. Six copies for $ 10 , Ten copies for $15, or Twenty for $24—pay ment being invariably required in advance. W hen the term paid for expires the paper is uniformly stopped, so that no man need hesitate to take it from an apprehension that he will be persecuted by duns or unable to get rid of aer when tired of it. This rule has given the papei offence to a few patrons of the non-paying order, but the great majority seem to like it hetter the old fashion. r patro but the great majority seem to like it b than It is not our custom to appoint Local Agents to solicit subscriptions, nor to place great reliance on But any personwho is well enough his neighbors may aid ns Agents at all. known to be trusted by h 2..^ WTvIl AVkJ Tv'iwvan ospeci Tribune to band him the moi if he will and help himself if he chooses, by taking this Prospectus and asking those who like The Tribune to hand him the money for a year, which he can remit at Club price and thus obtain pay for his time and trouble. Subscriptions accompanied by payments are respectfully solicited by G R E E L E Y & M cELRATH , 154 Nassau st. New-York. Notes of all specie-paying BanksintbeUnitedStates are taken for subscriptions to this paper at par. Money enclosed in a letter to our address, and deposited in any Post Office in the United States, may be considered at our ■'-\a de.-cription \ ■ - risk; bnt a des of the bills ought in all cases to be left with the Postmaster. G. k. M. Editors to whom we send our Semi-Weekly in ex­ change for a Weekly, or who think the exchange gives us a fair claim to the courtesy, are requested to notice this Prospectus ns they may think proper, quoting some part of it if they can find room. We do not ask them to pub­ lish the whole of it. Please murk a copy of the notice, so that itt mayy hee notedoted onn ourur Exchange List. that i ma h n o o The ConU'ollership. Mr. S amuel B. R uggles of this City, -who has been named in many quarters as a suitable candidate of the Whig party for Controller at the next election, po­ sitively deelinas—we regret to learn—to allow his name to be brought before the Convention as a candidate for that or any other office. Mr. F illmore , who has likewise been named imong the Whigs for Controller, has also declined to 3 to bo used—his whole time and nttentioi --------- 8 name to bo used—his whole time and _____ being now almost exclusively devoted to his own pri­ vate affairs. [Express. Presuming that the Express is well informed in the above statements, we trnst that the Whig Convention will not insist on thrusting so impor­ tant an olSce on any man who gives fair notice that he declines it, and cannot find time to dis­ charge its duties withoutdoing violence to previous engagements. Either Mr. F illmore or Mr. R ug ­ gles would make an excellent Controller—none better—^but the man who takes that office should have his heai*t in it, and his fall time to devote to it. Hon. F rancis G ranger is now the only man whose name has been suggested for this post be­ side Messrs. Fillmore and Ruggles. H e is a Statesman of undoubted integrity, decided busi­ ness talent and efficiency, and stands justly high in the affections of the Whigs of our State. Prover­ bially generous, he has y et acquired an ample com­ petence, and can afford to devote Ills time wholly to the discharge of any public functions he may ac­ cept, as he has always hitherto done. W e do not know that he would consent to take this or any office, but we can see no reason why he should re­ fuse. On the understanding that Messrs. P ill - more and R uggles peremptorily decline, and that Mr. G ranger does not, we think the latter will be the nearly unanimous choice of the Convention. D avid D udley F ield , wehear with hearty satisfaction, is to be the new Commissioner of Pleadings and Practice, in place of Nicholas Hill, Jr. resigned. Mr. Field is a good lawyer, a man of original thought and thorough culture, is master of the subject of Legal Reform, and has substan­ tially right views upon it. Messrs. Graham and Loomis will find in him an able and willing coadjutor. ClF* Gov. Y oung has removed the conditions from the pardon formerly granted to Smith A. Bmighton, Moses Earle, John Van Steenberg and Edward O'Connor, convicted of participation in the ‘ Anti-Rent ’ outrages in Columbia and Dela­ ware Counties in 1845. Delegates to the Whig State Convention, Onondaga Co.—H. K. Warren, Chauncey Amidon, Rob­ ert Gere, Wm. Richardaon. Niagara. —J. C. Colton, Morgan Johnson. Monroe.—3, Joseph Greenleaf. BP* R obert H. P royn is the W h ig candidate for Assembly in the Albany City District. His election is nearly certain. J ames K idd was chosen Delegate to Syracuse. B P The Whigs of O rleans Co. have nominated A rva C hubb of Gaines for Assembly, A ustin D ay of Holley for Sheriff, and chosen A. H. C ole Dele­ gate to the State Convention. They farther recom­ mended J acob H inds of that County for Canal Commissioner—an excellent man. Rensselaer Co.—A mos K. H adley in the First (Troy) District, and G eorge I. D enison of Berlin in the Second (Lansinghnrgh) District are the W h ig candidates for Assembly. 0 . L. T racy and T hos . H. F isher are the Delegates to Syracuse. Iioco-Foco Momlnationsp Orleans Co.—James Gibson, Sheriff; Wm. W . Ruggles, Assembly. B P I saac C hase , Jr. of Parma, is the W h ig candidate for Assem b ly from the Third District of Monroe County. T om R eynolds , the T ailor , M, P. for D ub ­ lin .—o*Coimell was often defeated by the Orangemen, In hU endeavors to get elected M. P. for Dublin ; but the times are changed. Tom Reynolds, the Tailor, O’Con­ nell’s Grand Marshal of Processions, got himself somi- nated for a bit of fun, as he makes a capital speech. He made grand hits at the Tory candidates, who expected no real opposition, and created ’ ras d( Sherm aemanaea lor ms anare. The citlzei raised It instantly—300 poU clerks volunteered, as d 260 carmen to carry voters to the poll. The Talk beat the Tories, and poor Tom Reynolds represenU, In the Imperial Parliament, the renowned Capitol of Old Ireland. Tom’s a Repealer, of course. BF* The Isaac Newton Btesmho&t was run into near Hudson Tuesday night by a sloop, whose bowsprit drove through a part of her deck worka, and made con- aiderable wreck, pasalng within a foot of Dr. A. B. El­ liott, the Temperance Lecturer, who escaped without harm. No one else, waa endangered. The Newton loat two hours by the accident, bnt reached onr City at 7 A. M. Hr. Elliott will lectare on Temperance on Long-Ialand this week and In New-Jersey next week In folflllmentof bis appoiutmenU. __ \ T he A merican F lora ,\ N os . 6 and 7, (Dr. A.B. Strong, Editor,) may be had of W. H. Graham, Tribuiw Buildings. N 6 w Theatre in New-York. The ‘Broadway Theatre,’ just opened in our City, is praised by our theatre going cotemporaries as unrivaled in the elegance and richness of its furniture,'the good taste of its decorations, and in the general excellence of its provisions for the ease and comfort of its visiters. W e presume these praises are deserved. On the- other hand, W 6 do not learn from any quarter that the quality of its performers andl performances is better than the pub­ lic had already beemaccnstomed to, b u t rather the reverse. It strikes us as noteworthy that, while very great improvement has been made in almost every other department of human effort, and while in all that is material and external improvement has been made in this, it is very generally con­ ceded by p l^-goers that the Drama of our day is far beneath the standard of the age of Siddons, of Garrick, of Racine, or of Shaktpeare,and it surely is a far less potential element of social instruction and enjoyment than it has been. W h y so ? To our mind it is clear that the Drama has fallen behind the times. Once, the noblest ideas, the most daring hopes, of those whose thought of to­ day is the inspiration of the millions to-morrow, found utterance on the Stage. Grave men went and listened expecting to be nerved for some deed of heroic daring, and were not disappointed. The Theatre was in its way a school, to which S tates­ men. Orators, Poets, Teachers, resorted, and came away satisfied. It is quite otherwise now. In an age earnestly striving to vanquish the ruinous se­ ductions of Intoxicating Beverages, the Theatre rarely speaks of Temperance save to libel and caricature its votaries, and keeps two or three grog­ shops within its walls (saying nothing of those which spring uip all around it, like mushrooms after a shower,) dealing son to thousandj thus starts on the roi ravages of Licentiousness are at length beginning to attract general attention, and men’s minds are opening to seek earnestly the m eanj of resisting and hearing back the desolating flood, the Theatre proffers to Lewdness the convenience of an ex­ change—a fair—a market, where the most degra­ ded and shameless of lost women resort in quest of ‘ the young men void of understanding ’ on whom to visit some portion of the retribution of their own irreparable debasement. The Theatre is the ready and constant resort of simple youth from the coun- tiy in quest of lewd women, and there are doubt­ less first formed thousands of intimacies annually whereof the fruits are depravation, shame, disease and early death. W e hear with sorrow rather than surprise that abridged facilities for this horrible traffic are provided and afforded in the new Broad­ way Theatre. A portion of the Third Tier, we understand, is set apart for abandoned females; and though, for quiet and decency’s sake, the in- terminglings and indecencies which often occur at Theatres qre here forbidden, it is not the less true that the attendance of this class is obviously in­ vited in order to draw after it another and more nu merous. Ought such things to be sheltered by si­ lence on the part of the Press ? —^Whether the Drama—(we speak of it general­ ly, and gladly conceding that many plays are emi­ nently moral)—be not intrinsically prejudicial to the w'elfare of mankind, is a question we have somewhat considered, without arriving at a posi­ tive conclusion. Certainly it would seem that an art calculated to contribute so materially to the intellectual expansion and enjoyment of mankind as the actor’s ought not to be necessarily demoral­ izing. Yet when we consider what, in view of the imperfect knowledge possessed by many persons of important laws of their own being, must be the natural influence on youth of the exhibitions of the Theatre in prematurely developing passions—when we consider ho w flat and insipid seems a day de­ voted to laborious drudgery for a paltry dollar after a night spent with kings and nobles in council, bower and tented field—when w'e reflect what has oftenest been the influence of the Drama on the moral character of its own especial votaries- are compelled to doubt whether a truly Moral Stage has ever existed or ever will. But we must think farther of this. J.owa.—OJJicial. Vote fo r Stale Officers, Aug. P hesibent . S ecketab Geovf:e W. JIndison Clmries nerce B. I’aul CoimUes. IVilioii. Sample Dagger. Corkery. Fagen. Brattaiii. Appanoose.. 30 42 ___ 30 55 ___ 25 59 Benton! ....... IS 37.... 14 39 ___ IS 37 Buchanan .. 10 38 __ IG 38 __ IG 38 r.Iayton.... 167 189.... 153 199..;, 159 188 Cedar......... 228 225.... 230 23G ___ 230 227 Clinton ....... 133 393 ___ 329 399 ___ 330 196 Dftvls ......... 343 332.... 325 345.... 315 361 Dallas ......... 15 5 __ 14 6 __ 15 Deamoines.. 943 1,011.... 944 1,008..,, 944 1,01L Delaware... 98 91 --- 96 92 __ 98 90 Dubuque... 61S 760.... 559 782 ___ 577 768 Henry ......... 653 462 __ 648 466 __ 639 481 Iowa .......... 27 40 __ 27 40 __ 27 40 Jasper ......... 55 17.... 52 20.... 54 18 Jackson ....... 261 446 __ 268 439___ 253 443 Jefferson... 602 602..., 559 665____ 571 679 Jones ......... 143 159 __ 138 162 ____ 140 160 Johnson.... 283 334.... 283 338 ____ 284 334 K eokuk.... 219) 322.... 211 329 ___ 211 329 Lee ............ 1,100 1,206,...1,104 1,208 __ 1,101 1,207 Linn........... 279 376 __ 184 421 __ 277 379 Louisa ....... 419 321.........420 319 __ 421 317 Mahaska . . . 331 319 ___ 364 329.... 374 325 Marfon ....... 200 205 __ 185 219 __ 200 211 M onroe.... 95 131 __ 93 132 __ 92 137 Muscatine .. 356 348 ___ 355 349.... 355 Polk ............ 183 119 __ 124 197 ____ 244 Scott .......... 330 338 __ 329 338 __ 330 337 VanBuren.. \859 906 __ 832 960 __ 792 1,009 Washington 355 263 __ 355 268 __ 354 269 Wapello ---- p23 407 --- 551 486 __ 542 498 Wlnneiheik. 27 53 ___ 59 __ 59 t.OCO.FOCO STATE CONY)ENTION., Old Hunkeribin T r iunpkant! From our Special Correspondent. SymACCSE. 2 P. M. Wednesday. A merely preliminary vote h u jo it been taken, and the HunJcers have triumphed by a majority o f TEN. T h e vote stood t S to 9 3 —eight too mam (there b e in g s o m a n y con t e s t e d s e a t s and t h e rivi elaimanto all voting. i c. [The Barnburners, it would seem by this, are one short of a majority even if all the disputed seats should he allowed tliem.^ But nobody can seriously contend that all theiur- sptitiouS Delegates were manufactured by the Old Hunk, fs. So that Flagg mnst he pulled down. What say you, Barnburners i Did we not tell you truly that you were beaten some days since? Try to have faith, hereafter, and we’ll give you the Political news lead of your own organs. JB^.] . F A R T H E R FRO M SY R A C U S E . H u n k e r Trinmpli Complete* SXBACUSK, Sept. 29,1847-10 P. M. The Democratic Convention met at 10 o’clock this lorniug, all the members being present but one. The body commenced biuiness by the appointment of Hon. Wm. C. Crain of Herkimer and Hon. Ausbum BIrdiall of Broome County as tellers, call the roll, and receive the credentials of members. Eleven seats were contested. Mr. Brady moved to appoint Hon, Robert Monell (Hunker) of Chenango County, President pro tm. After a discussion of three hours, a proposition to lay on the table waa lost—ayes 63, noes 73 , The great point of contention appeared to be as to whether the disputed seats should not be settled prior to the appointment of a temporary Chairman, or whether the Chairman should first be appointed as usual. The result was that Mr. Monell was chosen temporary Chairman—73 to 61—the contestants on both sides voting. A Committee of one from each Senate District was then appointed for the purpose pf fovestigating the cre­ dentials of those contesting seats in this Convention, one Committee for each County In whichseatsarecontested. Committees were then appointed to nominate officers for the Convention, and the body took a recess. In the evening the Convention was organized by the appointment of the following officers:—^R oxeut H. M orbis , of New-York, President; M. B. Hart, B. Bran- dreth, John Adams, John F. Hutchinson, W. C. Crain, Itephen Strong, D.P. Copo, Thomas A. Osborn, Vico ’residents. Ex-Mayor Mickle, James S. Wadsworth, John D. Coe, an d other Barnburnors, declined office. Three Committeea wore contested, and a new election will bo had to-morrow. Horatio Seymour got the contested seat from Oneida one from Ontario; and G. P. ose from Erie, omorrow. £ ‘»|‘ ................. !'• 3 7 0 \ \ \ : ; ; ; SS.’ oJ\’' ..614 370 Jasper......... Keokuk ....... Mahaska.... Marion Monroe :|E E i ^ 180 231. 87 140. ___ 04 M o n ro e ........... 87 140 _____ ... 4 Q' 79 Polk ...................... 141 176.................. 74' 78 Van Buren ............ 786 977 .................. 732 820 Wapello .......... . 509 520,........B O trflturned. \^Thompson’s maL^.l% 44 .'\’^^°BriVgVin’^^^ Mncu^l. ciJ^^^: ....... \ifi: .............................. . Delaware........... Dubuque ............... -.617 U « n ........................ 312 t ; E § i '1 374 \! 327. . I g 272 !.*337 DeiniomGSaaHaiiNiw*iaa947 IjOO^ _ | ______ T he O range R iots in N ew -B runsweck . - W e published, some months since, on account of a violent outrage and lost of life, arising out of the feud» between the advocatea off rival Roligioui, at Woodstock. The Grand Jury Indited the offenders, but it wouldOUia seeme v rraau «iurjr loaiiiea onenaersy out is W se that the authorities wished to give the affair the go-t for the-Sheriff not only omitted to file the proper list Jurors, but excluded from the panel everyperson In tl _ County understood to profess the Roman Catholic faith, or whom he supposed to be an Orangeman, and, inatead of making out a legal list, picked out a Jury «t hia dis­ cretion. After much argument, the trials were put off, °i? lor another year, unless Government thould chooM to call a special Court sooner. It is to luiywhare, are permitted it iSiywTe^a ^HUcid hnman Ihfe, although I n t e r n a t i o n a l P ostage .— Gen. Armitronor, our Consul at LiTOTporf. who arrived In the laat steamer, la now in this city. He expects to return to Liverpool in afewdsya. A sattof^tpry arrangement wiU probably be made by Major Hobble about the rates on letters car­ ried out by onr aitaamers. Onr Minister la London has done eTeiythioi iln bis power to promoto It. [Union, ■“ Iti » S tate Re] King of ty. Gen- mtlemen of the Press present, ^ore were Messrs. Croswoll of the Argus, Cassidy of the Al­ ston, &c. Among tl B y Telegraph to The Tribune. From our Special Correspondent. S yracuse , N. y .—Thursday Morning, ‘The combat deepens’ in the Loco-Foco camp here. The Old Hankers aro in the ascendant, and[ will floor Flag'g. They intend to nominate WM. F . H avemeyer of your City for Lieut. Governor, and call it a concession to the Barnburners ! The Barnburners have resolved to holt, organize a separate Convention, and ‘ go it strong’ on their own individual hook. They will nominate Flagg for Controller of course, Tildcn of your City for Attorney General, Hudson of Erie and Lee for Canal (Commissioners, and will probably repudiate Havemeyer and select a ‘new m an’ for Lieut. Governor— Bockee or some such. The explosion has not yet taken place, but is ex­ pected this morning. The Wilmot Proviso will probably give the signal. The contested seat from Otsego is now under discussion. Yours, W . E. R. EATE.ST FROM SYRACUSE. Loco State Convention not yet Organized! lin n k e r s Trium p h a n t! S yracuse , Sept, 30—lOJ P. M. The Convention is not yet organized! The whole day has been spent in the Otsego Contested Seat. The vote finally stood: 64 for Snow (Hunker) and 64 for Spafford (Barnburner). So neither is admitted. The Contested Seats from Neio-York are now under consideration. Th# vote upon one case (Twelfth Ward) has just been taken, and resulted in favor of Jeremiah Towle (Hunker.) For Towle 67 ; .^ndrew Carrigan (Burner) 61: Towle in by six majority. This puts the Convention completely in the power of the Hunkers. The asperity of feeling increases as the debate progresses. Every point is contested to the ut- ConTeittlon—Opening Debate* jported for The Tribune; S yracuse , Sept. 29,1847. The political excitem ent pf the whole State baa concentrated here to day. Among those present in earnest conversation around the hotels, I noticed several Ex-Members of Congress and other distinguished illemen. Among them were Hon. Preston Klni Lawrence, Hon. Geo. Rathbun of Cayuga, Atty. John Van Buren of Albany, Lawrence Van Buren, (Mt tin’s brother,) of Columbia, Ex-Atl’y. Gen. Qoo. P. B( ker of Erie, Ex-Mayor Mickle, Mr. PostiMster R. H. Morris, D. D. Field and Dr. Vachfi, all of New-York. Horatio Seymour of Oneida, C. C. Cambreling of Suf- folk, Hon. Stephen Strong of Tioga, Dr. B. Brandreth of Westchester, Hon. Mirtln Grover of Alleghany, Pet Csgger of Albany, J. S. Wadsworth of Geneseo, Li Ingston Co. Eugene Casserly, Alderman Pnrsei Hart,J.T. Brady, D. S. Broderick, Livingston igthe ger las, Francis of the Troy Budget, Welch of the Utica Democrat, Butts of the Rodtesler Advertiser, Bryan of the Buffalo BepiCblic, Gallagher of the Geneva Gazette, with the several Editors of the Syracuse papers, and letter- writers for the New-York Press. Several Members of the Legislature were only present, and among them were noticed Messrs. Devlin, Fenno, &c. of the House, and Mr. Clark and others of the Senate. Hon. Mr. Anderson, Judge Smith of the N. Y. Marine Court, &c. were also seeu in the Hall. It was quite amusing to hear the key-notes of “ New Men,\ ‘‘ Young Democrats,” “ Flagg,” &c- tfec. rising above the low murmuring sounds of this elec\ tioneerlng bass music. Some of the younger class were decidedly opposed to new men. To hear the leaders of the Old Regency going for new men, while the young men went for such youths as Azariah C. Flagg, &c. was quite amutlng. At an early hour the magnificent hall of the Em­ pire Hotel was pretty well filled with Delegates, and spectators. The Delegates, I must say, as a general thing, exhibited marked evidence of intelligence and influence. I have rarely seen a collection of men more striking in personal appearance. At ten minutes before 10 o’clock, Mr. D. H. C handler (Old Hunker) of Genesee called the atten­ tion of the Convention to a proposition to appeint tellers to receive credentials, and proposed Mr. of Broome, as one of these telloi Livingston, proposed W. C. Crain of Herkimer, (Barn­ burner,) as the other. These nominations wore to, and the credentials were received, but no taken on them, as a short discussion arose on the dis­ puted seats, in which Messrs. G. P. B arker , and W. L. G. S mith of Erie, J ohn V an B uren , and others took Hera Mr. J. T. B rady of New-York, made a motion that Hon. R. Monell (Old Hunker) of Chenango, be elected President, pro tern. This seemed like stealing a march on the younger portion, which brought out i short discussion between Messrs. Preston King, (wh< stoutly opposed the motion,) J. T. Brady (for), R. W Peckham (for), G. P. Barker (against), Horatio Seymour (for), Miller (against), Stephen Strong (for), J. J. Monell (for), &c. &c. A motion was here made by D. D. F ield , to lay this motion on the table, but the discussion was contin­ ued by Preston King, Churchill C. Cambreleng, (who seemed to differ from both, and advised unity, harmony, and compromise for the “ impeachable principles of the party i j ’’ &c.) He hoped the motion to lay on the table would prevail. Mr. D. D. Field, followed --JBgilng, during which, they did nothing but refuse to lay the first motion made on the toble, adjourned for one hour, st half past 2 o’clock, furious against each other and savage for dinner. RICHELIEU. P . S. 5 o'clock.—Tb& Convefitiott. is again iu Ses­ sion, having done nothing but elect Mr. R. Moi temporary ch»lrmf“ \ — thing but elect Mr. R. M onell Remainder to-night by next mall. WhlK Convention a t tSpringffi W ebsteP—S a le o f Coppep Tribune Correspondei (eWj M o s s .—N lry. !P O p O j & c . !orrespoDdence. B oston , Sept. 25, The Convention to assemble in Springfield to­ morrow is the great theme of conversation here. It will be distinguished in the political annals of the State. The Congressional Delegation has been sum­ moned to meet it. I met Mr. W ebster on his way ir E B there, as I arrived this morning. In this crisis of T ivinff Public affairs, the immediate delegates of the peo- “■ pie, acting for their constituents have cited the more remote Representatives to m eet them jo two proposed Mr. Birdsall J. S. Wadsworth of ons moijs Hon. G eo . A shmvn , one of the faithful and mem­ orable fourteen in Congress [who voted against the W ar] is expected to preside over the Convention— a position no less due his eminent ability than his wide-extended popularity. Before this letter reaches you, a Telegraphic communication direct from Springfield will proba­ bly announce the renomination of the present “ thy incumbent of the Gubernatorial and Vice- »eruatorial chairs. Their reelection of coars<» w immediately; the trick of the Loco-Foc< „ ^on of th- J,- ___ ______ ir years so ably maintained has certainly never met the public eye, will avail them nothing. Mr. Cashing’s warmest admirers will he the earliest to revolt at this gratuitous outrage upon his past ca- They fear the Greeks the. more when they make them. There will be a foil and strong dele- delegation from this city. From Springfield I will write at large. Maj. W ebster leaves this afternoon en route for Mexico. He goes direct to Vera Cruz where he lake Gen. Cushing. letely reestablished, giraent. Svery pom most. The session will be continued to alate hour, but i t is doubtful whether another vote will be taken to-night. [In the Otsego case, the Barnburners have the county and appointed three Delegates by a County Convention, hut one of the Assembly Districts is Hunker, and has cho­ sen a Delegare by a District Convention, unauthorized to do so by the County Committee. The same principle is involved in the Erie County contests, which have been de­ cided in favor of the Barnburners.] Ed. Trib, BLVSSACHUSETTS STATE CONVENTION. B y Telegraph to The Tribune. From our own Reporter. S pringfield , Mass. Sept. 29—6 R. M. The Massachusetts W h ig State Convention as- sembhed at thisplace to-day, has nominated G eorge N. BR. 1 GG 3 for reelection as Governor by 571 votes out of 593. Hon. J ohn R eed was unanimously nominated for Lieut. Governor. DANIEL W E B S T E R was nominated for next President of the United States by a unanimous vote. R ufus C hoate and W . G. B ates were appointed Diriegates at large to the next W h ig National Con vention. A Strong and cogent series of Resolutions was considered and adopted. m . W e copy from the Herald’s Telegraphic Dis­ patch the following additional details of the doings at the Massachusetts W h ig State Convention: S pringfield , Mass. Sept. 29, night. 10 delegates preient; Hon, George Aihmun President. * * * * Hon. Daniel Webster made a speech one hour and a half long, and defined hls position stronger than ever on the Mexican war and Slavery questions. He was in fa* vor of the Wilmot Proviso, and of Congress not voting against supplies fo the army and for the war. The resolutions of the Convention, which were adopt­ ed unanimously, were strong against the Mexican War and Slavery. Tho laat two related to Mr. Webster; the first speaking in his praise, and the second recommend­ ing him to the Whig National Convention as the first choice of Atassachuaetts for President of the United StBtei. Hon. John G. Palfrey offered the following as an addi­ tional resolution: Resolve. That the Whigs of Massachusetts will port no men for the offices of President and Vice Pi dent of the United States, but such as are knoi thefr acts or declared opinions, opposed i This was discussed In a spirited and able manner by Messrs. Palfrey, WInthrop, C. F. Adams, Wm. Dwight' S. C. Phillips, and others. Mr. WInthrop was the only one who spoke against the resolution. It was finally re­ jected. * * * Tho Convention dissolved at half-past 7 o’clock, P. M. The Whig 18tata Convention met here to.day. were about 700 delegates preient; Hon, George Ai own by tteuilon New-York Legislature.. ..S pecial S ession . SENATE.... A lbany , Sept 29—7 P. M. ow reported that the Com:mittee Qce on the general ManufacturinL in unable to agree, and the S enate voted to ap- im of ring bill had Mr. B a r l o w repc Conforence on the g( been unable to agree, a point a n e w Committet A resolution was adopted appointing D. D. F ield one of the Commissioner* oq PracticBt in place of N. Hill, resigned. The amendments to the Free Bank hill have been concurred in. ASSEMBLY. T h e R a ilw a y Committee reported against Mr. B a s c o m ’ s hill to rednoe fares on Railw a y s from the Hudson westward to two cents per mile. Anaong the m essagei received from the Senate w a s a MU for the formation of Literary, Religious and B enevolent Associations—a a e w biU in lieu of the Houoe biU. T h e Canal Appropriation biU waa passed in Committee of the W h ole. Before agreeing to the Retport o f the Committee, the House adjourned. There i s every reason to suppose that the report of' the breaking o f a Canal lock at Little F a lls is w Ithout foundation. There w a s a delay for about IKI hours on Sunday at Rankin’s lock, but up to 7 A. M. yeat«rdH7 «Il wm floor, and t)le length, __ _ _ ___ case now before the Con­ vention. fie W 08 as regular a Delegate as any man who sat on that floor. He referred to the “ impositions practiced on the Dei ________ - . onerato the gentleni , seat from this condemnation. He referred to Mr. Edwin Croswell Lichfield I This filling out of Mr. E. C. Lich­ field's name brought forth laughter from gentlen around the speaker, in which Edwin Croswell soi what bitterly joined. He would do nothing to create — visions in the Republican party. He bad learned, as well as Inherited, respect for its order and harmony, and for these he intended to yield in whatever the Commit- iing to create di- danger at this time of that happ; ’ ■ ' ' 's a very pradent man in every r< in all hi! lido were K worth. He 8 l ________ ________ „ _______ one teller from each side might appoint a committee to settle the different conflicting claims. jAt this Mr. Cros- woll shook his head. Mr. Van Buren continued: A gen­ tleman (he would call him so by courtesy) shakes his head. By what authority does he, not a Delegate to this Convention, interfere ? Mr. Preston Kl#g confirmed it Mr. Van Buren had said of the private arrango- it. Gen. Stryker denied that he, as one of the origi- _ „ Committee of Conferenco, pretended to bind the Convention by bis action. Mr. Van Buren continued : Ho would be perfectly willing to have hla claims settled by the Delegates to this Convention; he could prove his title to the disputed seat, incontosUbly, and that the op­ position was got up merely to prevent him from voting at the organization of tho meeting. He would prove this by facts not to be denied. It was a gross outrage on the Democratic electors of the 4th District of Albany, and ho would be recreant to his constituents who had sup­ ported him so long, and honored so highly one near and dear to him, if he did not pursue the course he was now taking. Mr. L efham of Ontario was astonished to hes of Mr. Mooro’s seat, from Ontario, being contested.— Judge Mitchell (Old Hunker) who, it is said, contests Mr. Moore’s seat, is not even here. Mr. B . C. L itchfieed now rose and made a ve­ ry spicy reply to Mr. Van Buren’s statement, which he called an outrage. Mr. Attorney General Van Buren ought to have conducted himself with propriety, if for no other reason, on account of the position he holds.— He (Mr. V. B.) had made a charge upon his (Mr. L.’s) constituents which he pronounced a gross and unfound­ ed calumny. Mr. V. B. explained. Mr, L itchfield said, when the members o Convention know Mr. Van Buren and his cool assui as well as I do, they will know better how to appr< him. Ho repeated, that it was an unfounded calumny, unworthy of the Attorney General. He (Mr. L.) was the regular Democratic Delegate from the- Fourth District of Albany. He pronounced the other claim emphatical­ ly, fully and unequivocslly without foundation. It waa a mere matter of taste with the Attorney General wheth­ er be included him in his denunciationi Mr. M itchell of Montgoi tion must have a head—a Chair have two heads, It must have two tails! Mr. S haffer of New-York, hoped that this con­ troversy would end. He wanted such action here as would send away the Whigs, who cams here torej( rejoice (In s was correct; lor we heard many rather w ’ and watery argm of hot water.) Mr. J, T. BR. iry said the Conven- m. If the Convention ereto over their divisions; with the impression that they heard something like the voice of many waters, , this he was correct; for we heard many rather weak id watery arguments. We think he felt the influence , T. ^B radt of New-York, now took the floor and made one of his eloquent appeals which he knows so well when and how to use. He would walk to New-York City to heal the divisions of the party, so that it might appear bow like a mountain torrent the ht appear how like a mountain torrent could sweep its foes before it. Bette f public and keep it in com __ oJguo, for he sometimes though He spoke, therefore, with a sincer tee. He was the People wrong, desire to heal and present the party in its power un< vided and unconquerable. After some remarks from Mr. J. C. S mith of Wayne, and Mr. M urray of Oneida, Mr. D. D, F ield took hold of Mr. J. T. Brady with some power. He said that Mr. B. had made great professions of fairness and willingness to make sacrifices for healing divisions, and yet he proposed as temporary Chairman tho very itnan chosen in a private caucus of a section of the party !— The Democratic party vias like a mountain torrent when united, but union must not be gained by sacrifice of principles. We must do our duty to a faithful officer. (Long applause, mingled with hisses.) discard a faithful public officer at the dictation founded clamor, you do wrong. If you choose bers for negative qualifications rather than positive qual­ ifications, y o u comm it an act o f Injustice. You m u st keep your party right, or the party will drop from the zenith of its p ower like a falling star I (Great applause.) Mr. O gden of Yates, was opposed to keeping m en in office eternally, and to m ake kings o f them. (Cheers.) He began a Democrat and would end a De­ mocrat, but he would not keep certain men for ever in office. That was not Democracy. The great father of Democracy taught us that “ rotation in office’’ was De­ mocracy. Mr. D. C. B ro ^ , C rain of Herkimer, be an opposing candidate for tem- poraiy Chairman. Mr. P reston K ing hoped this would be with- Delegates ---- again. He referred t he eulogised very hit he made a Gov. YouNi some remarks from Mr. B irdsall and J. S. W adsworth , several delegates called for the v The Hunker Teller, Mr. B irdsall , here com­ menced calling the names of the Delegates, and took it upon himself to omit Mr. V an B uren and Mr. Q agger of Albany, both of whom rose and objected to any other names being called till theirs were. Here evertblng was la a snarl again: Mr. Birdsall attempting to go on with his Hunker list, and Ur. Van Buren waving his hand and •toting. *' You had better n»t attempt that; you well'stop where you are, it’s no use.” ■ ' -------- ORTH said the ----------- ’ Mr. W adsworth said th ere w a s only one way to settle thli matter, which waa for Mr. Brady to with­ draw hit motion altogether. - » This Mr. B badt very promptly declared he would not do. It w a s then •anting themsel — J Buren, Geo. 1 ______ ____ nst their opponents being permit- . others rose and proteated against them. The vote w a s then declan So the Barnburners were t by a msjorlty of ten 1 Nine voles _______________ right number ( 128 ) as one o f the regyiaf D?|egates‘'d l d ____ ____ , , not answer to his name. Locknasstowl Is: Th^ Oony^ntioc, then, jtfter over four hour*' forfowryewil istituents ■emote Representatives to meel 'onvention, to take care the Republic receives no nment. xne presence ot men distinguished in National Council will lend a graver dignity to Convention, and render perhaps its delibera- ’ imn, and its resolutions better ad- expects to overta His health has been compli he is anxious to join his regin rMgemei pany, 1 understand, are making definite am tor the construction of Smelting Works on W . .uu»- tions. The Ontonagon Company, also at work on Lake Superior, have already purchased the materials for the coDstraction of a furnace for smelting operations. A go belonging to the Huron & St. Mary’s Company George Sand’s New W o rk. THE JOURNEYMAN by° F rancis ^E o . S hai ^ (Pp. 895, 12mo.) W i n . H. Graham, Ne-w-York. It is given up at last that George Sand’s hooks w ill be read; therefore the,blank denunciataoG which has hitherto been oppoged to them w i i no longer serve its turn. To say that she [for the reading w o rld knows that the m asculine cogno­ men is assumed, and that the person behind the mask is one Mad. Dndevant] has violated the ac­ cepted laws of Morality in her own life, is, how­ ever true, no suflicient answer to her searching criticism on those very laws, and on most of the in­ stitutes and obserirances in which we live and move and have our being. Here steps forth a 'woman and throws down her gauntlet in the very face of Custom, Law, Public Opinion—^blocking the path whereon the gig of Respectability ad­ vances—and says to the great m ass of mankind, ‘ Your Religion is Formality and Cant; your Mar­ riage is legalized Adultery; your Love is L u s t; your Social Order is based on injustice and the degradation of the many for the pernicious indul­ gence of the few.’ If she were obviously inade­ quate to the discussion of such high themes, a con­ temptuous silence or a withering phrase might answer h e r ; but she writes with great power and beauty, and apparently from the depths of a pro­ found conviction. These chai-acteristics, in con­ junction with the spirit of Universal Inquiry now so prevalent and fearless, have %iven her works a very wide audience, in the face of every maledic­ tion—an audience which is daily increasing.— They ere thus exerting a silent but powerful in­ fluence over the opinions of a large class in every civilized country—too powerful, in our judgment, since the momentous truths they develop .come to us dangerously mingled with bewildering and se­ ductive errors. Her fearless exposures of the vile­ ness and sacrilege of the ‘marriages of convenience' so common in the Old World and notoriously not uncommon here—of any m arria^, in short, which does not imply and consecrate a union of hearts, but is dictated by considerations of Fortune, Am­ bition, Rank, &c.—seem directly calculated to teach, not, indeed, that there is no true Marriage, but the more specious and dangerous error that where the essential elements of Marriage never existed or have wholly ceased to he, there the legal ordinance has ceased to bind and may be treated as a nullity. From this to the widest cargo belonging to the Huron is about being sold. At the Tremont House, emong other distinguished gentlemen, I notice Hon. H en &V W heaton , and Hon. I. L. C lingman of North Carolina. Illness of Mr. Polk—Riiinored Ketura of Geii. Scottj <fcc. Correspondence of The Tribune. W ashington , Sept. 28,1847. The President of the United States was quite ill so much so that he was confined to lift issued strict orders to his domestics not to let the circumstance be known to the public if possible. Such injunctions, however, are useless. when your correspondent is ‘‘a b o u t f o r he is sui fall in with whatever facts are extant, partici Its are extant, particu- ive nature. Although his to fall in with whatever larly those of an Executii excellency may not like to have his illness pub­ licly announced, still it is right it ehonld be, as there is a portion of his party who might be quivive for windfalls, in the event of Heaven him to itself. But I do not think there is markably ayi may be one itself. B ut I do not think there is mud it this time of that happening, as Mr. Poll lect. H( 'Sterna oftheim—even movements, au( i though it be sickness— by which his regular career is governed. There is a mmor afloat in high circles here that Gen. Scott is on his way home. How far this may be true or not, I have no other means of knowing, than by informing you it comes from responsible saidaid thehe Presidentresident recieceived sources. It is s t P r withi day or two a dis ‘ receives a large i ^ _ the Pi’esident has not Scott since the 4th of last June. It may be per­ haps, that the General is in high dudgeon with the ‘‘powers that be,” and that he is returning to settle s personallyersonally withith themhem himself.msel matters p w t hi The Oration of Governor S eward before the vast assembli ehration read with a great deal of interest by the natives of Ireland in this city. If there were anything want- to endear him to that class of our people, it was blage of Irish citizens, on the day of the cel- >n of O’Connell’s funeral obsequies, has been is g reat effort on bis p a r t to portray I rish history faithfully as he has done on this occasion. No ired in the six natio) i has dor ar I e l . T he A nnual F a ir of the A merican I n ­ stitu t e opens at Castle Garden on Monday, and already, we believe, has the time for receiving ar­ ticles for exhibition and competition arrived. W e trust the Farmers, Artisans, Mechanics and Manu­ facturers of our Country, but and vicinity, will feel a generall andnd laudableaudable prideride especially of this City a a l p in making this F air at least equal to the best of its predecessors in all respects and superior in man things. Such exhibitions are of immense benel to the Industry and Genius of a People. Whoever has invented a means of performing a mechanical operation more cheaply or perfectly than it had previously been done will find the Fair a vast ad­ vertisement of his achievement—one widely read by the very class likely to appreciate and reward h is trium p h . He who in any departm e n t of Productive Industry or the Useful Arts has done well, let hiin bring the trophies of his triamph to the Fair, and rest assured that he will r e c e iv e honors more substantial and truly gratifying than those^ of a desolater of cities and provinces. W e hope to see the Conven­ tion of Farmers, Gardeners and Silk Culturists phatically well attended, especially by Silk-Grow­ ers. L e t us know whether there is y e t hope for the Silk Culture under the present Tariff. In Fruits and Flowers we shall of course have an im­ mense variety of excellence; but how will it be with Cloths, especially the manufacturers give it up that the most tasteful and costly (of course, best paid for) goods must continue to come from the other side of the ocean? W e trust they will make a great effort at this Fair to show that the ground gained under the Tariff of ’42 will at least be maintainedjunder that o f’46. Men of New-England as well as of N ew-York! if you have anything to show worth seeing, let us have a look, at it in the Fair! The throng of strangers in our City is great this year, and they are in good part purchasers o f fabrics here. Y o u will stand in your own light if you neglect to be well represented at the annual Festival of Industry in New-York. G errit S mith publishes the following no­ tice in the Madison Observer: In the list of i which are poo . , , In detached, parcels of generally 150 to 1 ______ _ _____ north-eastern part of this State. A number of years’ taxes are charged upon them. I am willing to give this land to sober, industrious, worthy, landless, young white men of my own county. On some of the parcels there are debts for purchase money duo to State. These debts I will myself pay I propose to distribute this la viz: the first seven applicants froi _ towns In the County of Madison. They must come well recommended, and must make their application be­ fore the first day of November next. Each, on making appfication, wUl pa^ $1 to cover the expense of the tion, and of L. ___ The deeds, prepared foi livery by the 20th day of n Tasrloro', Si^t. 18,1847. Si^t. 18,1847. ^GERRIT SMITH. P rom H avana .—The brig Mary Ann Jones, Capt. lollins, arrived yesterday from Havana, whence she ailed on the 12tn inst. We have papers to the 11th nst. but find nothing in them of any interest. ' [N. O. Pic. 21sfc ODSiruct tne Navigation oi me isrie lbubi lor a wee* or ten^days, just as th^Fall b u slhesi^ w m m eh^g^ su^ dace and mfrehandise, and robbing the Treasury of a ^“W henfoemL^Jauded « Policy of ’42\ was adpp^, ‘I I' [AlD.BTi.Jonij nullity. Libertinism there is no s tep t h a t one of b a se prin­ ciples and vehem ent passions m a y not and w ill not tak e on every tem p tation, and the results would be too horrible for contemplation. M ar­ riage, now too often a m e re cloak for w h a t de­ serves no such sacred name, would become th e read y resort of the^Iicentions to bend the pure or the scrupulous to their w ishes, knowing full w e ll th a t a divorce could follow w h e n e v e r d eem ed d e ­ sirable. In short, our criticism on this w r iter's w orks, judging by the tw o or three w e have read, im p o rts th a t she has a keen perception of wrongs b n t a very inadequate faculty of devising or s leering rem edies—th a t h e r pow ers are wholly d stvuctive, not constructive—and th a t the form al adoption of h e r view s, so far as the world as it is ■ could be induced to adopt 'them , would effect a change decidedly and deplorably for the worse. In short, she view s the question of M a rriage from the individual not the universal' side—exhibits powerfully the hardships endured by th e numerous victims of m ism arriages, but does not consider the effect on the general well-being of a n abrogation or relaxation of the law s which operate so h a rshly in their c ases.—This is the substance of th e criticism which w e would w ish to m a k e on th e general d rift of George Sand’s n ovels did tim e and space p e r ­ mit. W e tru s t some one of the great R e v iew s w ill ere long tak e up the subject aud give i f th a t searching ifoalysis w h ic h its vital im p ortance and the pow er a n d influence of these works absolutely demand. —The volume before us, h owever, is not obnox­ ious to these criticism ^ Its argum e n t is Social Inequality, a n d the h ollowness o f most of the osten­ sible eftbrts o f th e w e a lthy and powerful to hasten the establishm e n t of a true and brotherly relation among the now w idely separated classes or c a stes into which Civilized Society is divided. The hero of the work is a Journeyman Joiner—in the main a noble and true man, though the author cannot re­ frain from her inveterate habit of making her mod­ els of excellence dissemble, lie and eaves-drop on very slight temptation. The love which .springs up between this man of the people and the petted daughter of one of the old noblesse (a sbam-Liberal at that) is eminently pure and ennobling, resisting all temptations to stoop from its high estate. Con­ trasted with this is the merely sensual love of an­ other Countess, cousin of the former, for a light and vain companion and friend of the Man of the Peo­ ple—a love which is traced from its unworthy b e­ ginning to its fitting termination with a freedom and unreserve which only this one among all women who apparently desire the world’s good opinion would have dared. W e do not know whether this deseives reprobation or otherwise. There are probably some readers who would not he improved by its perusal, though the language is faultless and the distinction between Vice and Virtue strongly* and clearly marked. W e apprehend that there are many, however, to whom the sinful pleasures of Amaury and Josephine will wholly outweigh the terrors of their punishment. The author, however, does not share our doubts. Sbe cannot even understand them. She deems her entire works in the highest degree moral. She . . , ‘‘In England my works are translated xvitliomis- sions and alterations. I disavow such interpretations,— this is all tb a t I can do; but I should n e v er know how to e x ­ plain to the English w hy I disavow them. I t -woimds m y conscience —X can say no more. All that I have w ritten X have thought, a nd I think still.” . . . W e do not doubt her. W e trust, however, that the grave questions raised by her, and which she justly complains have not thus farheen met, except by railing and abuse, will ere long he taken up from the opposite point o f view , and discussed w ith an ability approaching hers and a discernm e n t which shall separate th e incrustations of SiTOr from the eternal T ruth w h ich u nderlies it, showing us w h a t c h anges are truly needed to vindicate and establish the pui-ity, the sanctity, and the beauty of the relation e x p ressed by the term M arriage. B rutal O utrage . —It is seldom w e see record-- ed a m ore signal failure in a case o f as cool, premedi­ tated outrage upon an unprotected female, as name of Jolm Rosenberry, ascertaining from Mrs. Knls- ley, living near Columbia, that her husband was absent from home, and was not expected to retnm until thefol- lowing day, came back to her house In the evening. His approach being discovered and his diabolical purposes readily Inferred, the door wa« closed and fegtened, and iman prepared to defend herself to the last sached his arm through the be lone woman prepi extremity. Rosenberry reai window, which was struck with an ax by Mrs” I ley. He then burst open the door. Mr*. K. had taken down her husband’s rifle, but in f ihe dropped It upon the flooj alarm of the mo* clamber after her, she struck him on the side of the head with an ax, so that be was obliged to leave for hia, own safety. A reward of fifty dollars was offered for the wretch, and we learn that he has been taken. [Indianapolis (la.) State Jour. Correspondence of the Philad. North Am. & U. S. Gaz. U. S. S hip P reble , C allao B ay , Aug. 5,1847. W e came to anchor in this Bay on the 13th of July, after a passage of 72 days from Monterey. As wo we were here once before, in March last, Callao seems quite at home. We are here for money and dispatches, and will return to Monterey as soon as the steainer ar­ rives. She is expected to-morrow. Mr. Toler, bearer of dUpatehes, daughters are with us—^passengers for Monterey. Since leaving Naw-York we have not lost r man by sickness, and the only serious accident of sny kind that has occurred to our crew happened during our passage from Monterey here. One of our men fell from the top­ sail, struck the spare spars outside of the ship, and was T he P otato R ot .—W e regret to hekr that the itatd rotprevalls to k^greai ^ e a t extent in this vieintty. W * . ’ - . — - -------Qldtpsni. 'or >• potato rotprevalls to s extent m tniB viemity. V Bellerille and West Newbury it is msklBt frest xitsgei on lands whioh have been h«ietoforo .aliB«Bt entinly ex- [l«w|li»jpw<araw,niil«7, 1

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