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The Clarion. volume (Troy, N.Y.) 1886-1887, May 08, 1886, Image 3

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I! tumea l u n ^ 0 I’at- We lb. 'turned 'S la. r a o Y . 3N, l ” arlotB BY. rau Oooda. 1^7 centa Bothicg att$3.00 ed since Q»c and 80 River AUTOCRAT ARTHUR. | There's is a lurking suspicion that Mr Arthur, the Chief of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, is one of thoee gentlemen wno occasionally ontgro'w tneir trousers. As far as can be gathered from his recent utterancss, Mr. Arthur seems to have cultivated the idea that he holds the lever that moves the world, that the people whom he repreaenta are the only mechanics in creation, and that there is no independence among work­ ingmen from which he is not absolved. Apparently Mr. Arthur is about as much of an autocrat among workingmen as Jay Gould is among capitalists, lie seems to think that he may stand alone, and tha* no matter w iat labor movements occur about him, he and his are above and be­ yond them. All the labor world might be agitated to its centre, but T. M. Ar- tuur would never wag his head. ing^t lights of he does not represent the feelii locomotive engineers was seen the South-western 8tTike,now about ■ The engineers responded in nearb instance to the call of the Labor, deserted their locomotives and ac. the quiescent status of doing Their sympathies were with the s man Arthur's s; patlucB seem to be on the other side ot tuestion. rmlroad corporations he could not cepted nothing. Their sympe workingmen. This man Arthur's ; The party bosses are wild-eyed over the iwth of the K. of L. They will be ler as the wheat is separated from the believe in the principle of eijual- itli, subscribe for the paper ity. witl If you b y, and tl question. If he were the paid agent of the rmlroad corporations he better have subserved their interests than by ufung his influence to prevent the gineers from astisting the strikers. The men who struck may have been hasty. The Unionist thinks they were, b ut it no part of Mr. Arthur's b u ^ e s s to decry them before the matter was settled, was it any part of his business to send out with such blatancy his opinion t at they would not succeed. And, going a step further, Mr. Arthur blundered Isuneutably when h e decried the Enighis of Labor. The day m sy come when he will be very glad to avaU himself of their assistance, and while there is every reason to suppe that this a.''sistance will be readily i corded, it ivill be given to the locoi engineers and not to King Arthur.—New Jersey Unionist. ARBITRATION BOARDS. The nniversal recognition of the prin.J ciples of BTbiirntion porarPyaxljastiog the differences arising occssMonally between employers and »8Mon»lly between emplo ployofi, for which the Knights of I agitatinging foror years,ears, is employee, 1 hot hav'j b( “srs.' f y it vindication of the ord<r. Biii'M the introduction of the Arbitra­ tion lull in the leuialhlure of this state, last febrnory, public sentiment has uu- dergouQ a most radical change in fsvoi of the proposition ot a State Board. Wt ^dvrsed at that time when the btU was drawn u p that the settlement of disputes ahonhi be volucturr and coohDed to the interested parties whenever possible. We stated then that we believed the time was not remote when public opinion would have so enduised the principle and the justice of Labor's demands that the adjusimtut of such controversies may bs safely left to the decision of a state board without the local tribunals. The legislative committee are the best judges os to how far it would be safe to consent to any modifications of the pres­ ent bill with a view to slmplffying the igs of the proposed law, Thev leh labor a- ‘ ent bill workings i have devot ?voted mneh labor and study to the But'ject and we hope their work will not be in vain? WRV I'XfONS SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED. The Boston Transcript printed a com­ munication from Mr. James Means, a man­ ufacturer, from which we quote the fol­ lowing : “I helieve that orderly trades unions are to be encouraged, and 1 propose to show good reasons for holding this opin­ ion. Labor is the poor man’s commodity; it is the only thing be has to sell; be must eet the highest price for it thatbat hee can by ,'gitimate means.means. Thehe pricerice which labor h < T p which will bring is the market price. What is the market price of any commodity ? It is the poipt where the ‘bull movements’ and and the ‘bear movements’ exactly coun­ terbalance each other. The fact that laboi b r in ^ a certain price in the market does not necessarily mean that such is a fair ( market price. It may be a price based 1 mi upon injustice. If the reader does not Tc believe this, let him consider what would •*'' be the effect upon the market if wheat or | any other commodity, if such prices were | governed entirely by the ‘bears’ and if the hulls were obliged *•' ^ ^ a t is a trades union t It is a ‘bull movement’ in tbe labor market Can any one wish to see tbe price of that commo­ dity which we call labor governed by (he bem alone. ‘The bears' are organized, and no one complains. Organization means power. Is it fair that the price of labor should be to p fixed by powerlul organizations opposed to weak individuals ? Is it n ot rather to be desired that a more reasonable price should be fixed by organization met by noi*t W«Bl tb» N organization 1 One of the objects of trades unions among factory employes is to secure uni­ formity in wages in competing factories. Ohe maintmnence of a uniform rate of wages in'tbe different factoiiee is a bene­ fit to all lair-minded manufacturers.” LOOK AT this ; THEN AT THAT. This IB the road tbst VandettiUi; 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 Tnese are tbe bora, so Ug and bright Who wotted on walLstreetdav and night, TO buy the loid that Vanderbilt; $$$$$$ This Is wbat tbe workingmen made: Wbo labored with hama.er, and pick and spade Togstaer me boys, so big and bright, Wbo worked on wall s(r<».t day and night TO buy toe road that Vanderbilt. 0 0 0 fr 0 0 —Hot Springs News. that labor should be ju tUng for that object. Numbers without unity, fraternity and a common purpose and the intelligence to carry it out. is a rope ef sand, that will break to pieces at the first strain. The man who wants Ms axe ground should not be admitted into the order of Knighthood. Wc have no provision for grinding party axes. The two extreme ends of society—the millionaire and the tramp. The gove ment, whose financial policy causes the istence of these two extremes o f society, must soon come to an end. A trades union that lo^ks no farther than its own selfish interests, and refuses to co-operate in the elevation of every other department of labor, is a species of monopoly, and should b e treated as such. The Topeka Citizen defines the coordi­ nate branches i The Executive—Wall Street, The Legislative—Vanderbilt. The Judicial—Jay Qould. The People—B. Damned. The m.'kn whe enjoys the food, shelter and clothing which he has not produced nor given anything in exchange for, is either a thief or a receiver of stolen goods. These chaps oppose labor agitation just the burglar or thief oppoees the police Senator Murphy’s bill to make twelve hours the limit of labor onstreet railroads has become a law, the Governor havii SOUTHWEST STRIKE ENDED. DBCI.ASATIOS OS THR KNIGBTS. FTLL TEXT OF THE COKKKePOSDKSC* OS Tl bCBJBCT—SOME IBTKEESTIHO FOISTS IN THE LETTEB8. )B of the government t every nook and comer in the state. Give a Vanderbilt credit for one good d. He is having a large steam yacht constructed, and fiom kelsom to cross tree she is entirely the product of hom ffeniuH, home materials a nd home laboi How well that contrasts with the aecri tary of the navy, who has gone to Eng land for plans for our new nival ships, aud i$ asking congress to give him authc rity to purchase materials and engini for the vessels in Europe, People who have a superstitious dread of Friday will not be pleased to learn that this is a thoroughly Friday year. It came in on a Friday, and will have fifty- Fridays. There are four months ii ye IT that have five Fridays each; changes of the moon occur five times on a Friday, and the longest and shortest days in the year each falls on Friday. 3 D, a; itlemen had four sons, A, B, C, iged respectfully 21, 20, 19, and 18 years; he also had 810,000, which he desiretl to divide equally among his four in the following manner : A to receive his share at once, the remainder of the money to be put out at interest at C per cent.; B to receive his when he became of age, the remainder to be again put at the same interest; C to receive his share when be became of age, and the remainder to be again put at interest; D to receive the re­ mainder when Jhe became of age. Each received the same amount of money. Query : How much was it ? The glamour of public regard which ihrouded Queen Victoria seems to ipidly dissipating. She war led” on her return from opening from opening the regulation “groaned” on her parliament, “hissed” when toast in her honor was i workingmen’s dinner, allowed to j silence, without a solitary cheer, when she drove from the piiaee to the Savoy, and the chairman of the Strstford-on- Avon Club proposes to altogether omit her toast at the banquet to be given to ihrate the election of Lcrd William npton. EvideDtiy the “divinity (bat doth hedge a king” is contemplating a long vacation. A grocer in Lynn, Mass., seeing how inch free advertising a bakery in New ork was getting from the monopoly presses because of a boycott, started the story that h e was also a victim to his de­ testation of organized lalwr. The fraud was making the most of it, when he was knocked out by a circular from the K. of L , stating that n o boycott of his grocery and groggery had ever been ordered. Late last Saturday night J. W. Hayf William H. Bailey and T. B. Barry, mem­ bers of the General Executive Board of the Knights of Labor, met the congres­ sional committee inlormally and the meeting led to the happy result of the knights declaring the Suuthwesten rail­ way strike off, which is fully explained in the following correspondence. 8 t . L ouis , May 1, 1886. To the General Executive Board of Knights of Labor of America; The testimony taken to-day by the co greasioual investigating committee sbo’ conclusively that very serious lessee the cooiniercial, agricultural and other ■rests of the: entirentire countryountry have e c suited from the labor troubles upon lines of the railroads belonging to the ithwestcm system and ether railroads ites of Dlinois,Missouri, Kansas, and Texas, and that by reason of said troubles a laige number ofpt not directly connectednnccted therewil'herewith, been thro' t have >wn out of employment- Unwilling at this time to express any opinion in re­ gard to the causes which produced this lamentable condition of affairs or to indi­ cate where the blame lies for its contini ance made solely by a desire to rendi all the assistance in our power in an en­ deavor te restore peace and individual id commi ectfnlly but earnestly request irican citizens having the we our common country at heart t through the proper official chai dis.'ontinuancc of the strike upo larly oJ hereby advise through nets a dis.'onti the loitways hereinbefore mentioned and I the question whether the employes officers of the corporation were justifiable to the decision that public opinion may form when the congrcssic—•’ committee, which has that matter ud have completed thut a compliaace n e r t for .vour board, muy act in coufor- lUDcil the approbation e United Stoites, opinion may form whei committee, which investigation, Feel’Qg aesure<] th the request will d for those who muy i itory with your council tl the people of the Unit remain your obedient Servants A. G. CUBTlH, W. H- CUANE, J ames H. O ct : A. X. P ari ba wc ITHWAITE, UlASSAS, !WABT. nd o thers: 'our communication c May L was placed before the joint ex« cotive boards, and the following resolu J. W. S tb ' tions were adopted. Resolved, That the communication from the congressional committee and the r reiiucst be granted, the time for call- ing the strike ort to be left to the general executive hoaid. In view of the fact that the business in­ terests of the country are sufferihg and the Knights of Labor having the interests of he whole people at heart willingly com­ ply with the request of the nation's rep- rcsenUtives, and that of the citizens’ com­ mittee of St. Louis and declare this strike at an end, to take effect Tuesday morn­ ing, May 4, 1886, - prodigiuL.. ..... the thinking baa evinced tbac .. majority of cases of labor disturbances, I the grievance of the warkmun is not against the employer but against thu I monopolist. If the misery now existing amongst the working classes wore to continue long enough the constilution I of the United States would be displaced I by the preamble of the Knights of I Labor and *6 would thereby realize the I true solntioD of the labor problem. Consequently tbe superficial obseiver is no account in forming an estimate of the present industrial outlook and in­ stead of the future presenting a gloomy prospect, bitppiners ana prosperity re Slowly but surely approaching us. CONTRARINESS. Never oppose a good move just because some one you dislike originates and es- ringing capital and labor into' tionsliip wc remain very truly youi T h s G emsral ExBctrrrvE B oard K siGHTs OF L abor . Signed ; John W. Hayes. The arrangements were finally dosed late on Sunday night by an extended conference between Uurtin on part of the ;ressional committee, and 1 e forests, and the tow: LABOR. Labor cleared away the Labor b uilt the cities Labor openeil the mines. Labor built the railroatls. Labor erected tbe school houses. Labor built all the ships, aud all the jcks, aud alt the steam engines, and all i the cotton M S , and all the spinning monopoly organs have a similiar origin. about these days. IT WAS LOST. “Some twenty years a®J,” said the mild' faced stranger, “ my wife, while sewing, suddenly missed her needle. She saw nothing more of it, and soon foigot aU about her loss until last week, when—” ‘When she suddenly felt a pricking sen­ sation in h er right foo^ ” suggested Boodle. “When the point of the needle showed itself between her shoulder blades,” gneissed Coodle. “YTb^ the needle was seen protruding from her youngest daugh­ ter's left fore-finger,” intimated Doodle. \No soid the mlld-faced stranger, “y o i are all wrong. She found it in a crack in the floor. It had been there all thoee years. Singular, wasn't it?” There was a common desire to welter in the blood of the mild-faced stranger, but with diffi­ culty Boodle, Coodle and Doodle re­ strained themselves __ Boston Transoript. nd ^lAhe looms. Labor created all the wealth that ex­ ists, and all that ever did exist, and all that ever will aud “The laborer is worthy of his hire.\ Usury never built a railroad. Usury never opened a mine. Usury never cleared an acre of ground, or planted a kernel of the golden grain, never erected a workshop. Or a factory; Or built a ifiiurcVi; Or a school house; Or put u p a telegraph pole ; Or invented an engine; Or built one. Usury never produced or aided in pro- udng a particle of wealth, but it has ab- >rbcd the earnings of labm, until— The usurers Own all the rmiroads; And all the telegraphs ; And the mine* Aud many of (he workshops And the factories; And the churches; And have mortgages upon one-half of the homes of all the people in town, and city, and country, The laborers Beg for a chance to earn their bread in the workshops aud the factories, and upon the r a ilroa^ and in the marts of trade w b i^ their own bands have built, aud upon the land which they have cleared of tbe forests, and in the mines which they have opened, and the usurers answer If you are content with bread alone, it is well, but see to it that you ask no more I For if you ask for meat with your bread; Or if you ask for homes of your own; Or equal protection from the laws; Or refuse to vote as we tell you. Then shall our anger be a w ^ n e d , And we will refuse your request to be permitted to work in our factories, o workshops and our m ines; and the mo gages shall be foreclose upon y< homes, and you shall be transformed ii a tramp, to be arrested, Confined iu prison. Sent to the workhouse, Branded as criminals, Driven to desperation, that an exenc may be had to caU out the army and bay­ onet you in the atrcetis of the mties which yon have built LABOR OUTLOOK. To tbe superficial observer the general aspect of iDdustnal affairs Ibroughont tbe Uoiied States is auythiug but en- oouraging- To tbe observer who investigate beneath the satface the out- lOok is anything but disoouragiog, The inauguration of strikes, the imuositiou of boycotts, tbe struggles of arbitration committees, etc., will nltimately bring forth much that is beoeficial to kind. The more intense the woe and misery from|wuiah American producers suffer the more tagerly will be sought tbe cause of tlie woe aud misery. The evalent among ourwould-be patri* lud sumptuosity becoi ----- —.at uudpovei- Ismd. the cions luxury aud su and tbe more widely a t j diffused througUont our Ismd. l greater,uu the p art of the working cl&si beomea the incentiveentivo to inveetiga Hence tbe labor in our land at common to turmoils » preaeub moment, blic thought to ibor matters, will not fail to produce some solution of the difflcullUs which will be an impcoveoient o u what has heretofore existed. The industrial depression now inflicting so much misery on our people bus taught tbe toilets the efficacy ot organization. Producers have been taught that every mao who subsists by the meaus of Lis daily (oil must be nmted in oD< with a common period of idleuess, when employed, have been tbe meai of evincing to tbe thinking part of tl producers that no fault can be four with nature, that tbe poverty prevailii in our midst is attributable to ardfici : cauoes', that however much tbe mssBes I sutler a certain class coutinne to revel iu 'oegreat orgaoizatiou purpose. Our long r iL'inimam wages ety, and ibat when pt ------------------ a disposition to revolutionize tbe ott affairsffairs iu whichhich wretchednessetch^.— Is state o a iu w wr _ ____ the rule th* misery abates. Manysopb- ists attribute industrial depression to strikes, bojeoUs, etc., without under- Btaudiog the law of cause and effect A strike IS an effect and consequently must bo preceded by a cause. Strikes never liecome general only when poverty and ioabihly to live become general. Tbe general prevalence of lock-outs, strikes, etc.', at present in the United States baa mpelled produocra of all classes to do rodigiuua am ount of thinking and a evinced that in t pouaea it. This shows your cranium to be an exceedingly shallow one. and your heart to be a n exceedingly perverse one. No matter bow much you may dislike a man personally, if he presents you with a good idea, it is policy to accept i t If the devil himself offers you a good thing take t, but kick him down stairs.—Minersviile Free Press. THE SELFISH WOBKJIAN. The workman who refuse, through sel­ fishness, to give five or ten cents a week for the support of an organization, Show a queer ago of seifishness. If farmers sowed their seeds on the same principle, they would soon starve. Does not every man who has the least common sense know that every cent spent i n labor organiza- j tions is returned to them a hundred fold, | for by it wages are kept up. The men I who refuse to support them are, to use a I common expieamon, following a “penny wise pound foolish” plan. i THE STORY OF THE KAIL. i A conductor chanced to pass them by, j and the bridegroom caught his gentle eye : j he said, “Ob, man with tbe cap of blue, i inform me quick, inform me true, which road is best for a blushing, pure, young, timid bride on her wedding toar ? And tell us quickly what you know of the Kankakee and the Kokomo.” The conductor’s eyes gave a savage gleam, these rolled out in a limpid stream : connects “There's the A B J D V B with the Flip-Flap Bluff Bang B. can change on the Leg-off-Sueville Grand, and go through on tbe Pancake-Ace Full Hand. That road you named is blocked ^ snow (the Kankakee and the Kokomo) Pennsylvania, Pittsbr- insylvania, Pittsburg Tin with the Oshkosh Kalan coking cat all the aftei just the thing tor the honeymoon ; and the Central Scalp Tooth Bungville Switch 'hrough, imazoo, irnoon. FOBEian LANDLOHIIS. The judicia^ committee of the bouse of representatives has made a mistake in reporting adversely the bill to prohibit aliens from acquiring title or owning lands m the territories. Millions of acres of ^ b lic lands have been bought up by for­ eigners, mostly Englishmen, who hope to i they ovgii ■ge. It is a _ _ ecome an American citizen to penni to enjoy all the rights of prospective citi­ zenship, but these foreigners have no such intention, and it is all wrong to permit to come here and ac<iuire fortunee working for them. The case of i Scully, in Illinois, wMch is not isolated instance by any meaus, should have impressed upon congress tbe neces­ sity for protection from a danger which ’ ■ is actually upon .Drotection from not only thteatena but THE TORIES OF THE LABOR REVOLUTION. Tbe railwav engineers of Elmira have made a record for themselves and their oi'ganiz.itiun of which they will yet be ashamed and will beg to have expunged from tbe records of the labor movement. It is not tbe first time that the organ­ ization of railway engineers has been dciefided by the officers for its tory principles. One of the great secrets of the alleged strength oi their organization has been declared '-j be their refusal to fraternize with other wage-workers in tbe canse of aniversal emaucipation. Tbe g reat principle which endeared the Knights of Labor to the working people of the continent is its absolute of the question, wc are forced to use com- iieedom from selfishness—its bringiug mon illustrations ; I give you another aa a together upon a plane of equality and specimen. A man once sstid to a friend mutual assistance all branches of honor- of mine. able toil without regard to sex, creed, “You are fighting whisky; whisky has color, condition or nationality. done a great deal of good; why, whisky The K. of L- or Its officers never has done a great deal of good; why, THE CASE FULLY ILLUSTRATED. I once heard a man affect an audience wonderfully by what h e oaid. Dr. Rich­ ardson would have put it in much better shape, b u t the man d id a good work by his method of putting the point. He “They tell us that alcohol gives strength and nourishment. Now it docs not, it gives stimulus.” “ But,” says his opponeut, “there can be no stimulus without some lourisb His reply was, ‘‘You sit down on a hor­ net's nest, and its very quickening, but it Is not nourishing.” When we do not understand tbe science officers never ' interfere with have rejoiced at their victories an< icb othei plauded their loyalty to each o th e r ,' '“Why,” said the man, “ I mean that althoogd they regretted that a broader ' whisky has saved a great many lives.” spirit dill not prrvail. i “Well,\ said my friend, “you remind rie y*is°a i ^ composition a boy wrote on the sub- ove t o f a pin. “A pin is a very queer sort of a thing. prestige of legacy o i abauie. - . - I It has a round head and a sharp point; 5 and if you stick pins into you, they hurts, * Women use pins to pin on their cuffs and FMWoan AW> DieuBATKW OF laz p * m c ipi «8 • ^ .„^,an the b u t­ tons is off You can get pins for five cents a p aper; but if you swallow them, they will kill y o u; but they have saved thousands of lives. ” The teacher said; “Why, Thomas, w ist do you mean by that ?” Said the boy :‘By people n ot swallowin’ of them.'' KNIGHTS OF LABOR. F THE OEDEB. The Biarming Ueveiapme&t and osgreiBlTeneis) Uon aad hoprnes degredatlon oi tbe tolling nniust accnmulAtloo, and tbe potrer tor evil mucb dsUTSd object can be accompl'abed masses. It Is imperatire, it «e desire to eojoy tbi bleseiEgs of life, tbat a cbeck be pitoed upon itt accnmulAtloo, and tbe potrer tor evil ot iggregsted weali ODlr by tbe uslted etTorcs o( uose wbo ober tbe divtbe lojuDclion. “In tne sirest ot tby face shalt ttaoneat breac.\ Tberelore we bare tormed the Order of Roijbta o! Labor, for tbe purpose of orgiblzlbg and dlricUog tbe poietr ot tbe indDstitsl masaes, -iu t t are crrstsllzed eentimente acd measores for tbe benoQt ot tbe whole people, but Itsbovild beborne I d mlod, when ezerolslni tbatmojtof be obtuued tb - duty Of all to assist Mtg with tbeir votes only such candidates as those measures, re- poriltg with their votes only will pledge their support to t gardl*8s of pany. But i be ctmpelled to rote with no one ebail. I rote with the m»]ofltr, and call-1 MBlsins, we decure to tbe world that our «iin« reaust Dumber,” to Join eerure to the workers tbe full ei fscultl's: r;rs recreation and OtadTBDO- i purposes be indnstnee. am tbe bem ■Sfoela'lon; in a word, t« ebtre lu tbe geioe ar d booore i drUlzatloD. Older tosecure these results, we demand ac tbe hALds ot the State: Tbe eatabliebment ot bureaus ot Labor atatia- tlos, tnat we may arrive t t a correct knowledge or the educational, moral aud llnabei-il condition of the laborlcg mtsaea Tbit tbe public land*, tbe heritage ot tbe pie.b: reserved for actual settlers; no® am acre tor railroads or speculator*, and th a t all lands now held for speculative purposes be taxed to tbeir full value. Tbe abrogation of all laws that do not bear equailr upon n apitaiacd Labor, and tbe removal o( unjust tecbnlciUties, delays and discnmloa- Uona in tbe adinlbrniatlon ot justice. Tbe adoption m meisares providing for tbe heultb and safety of those engaged m r manutacturlDg and building induatnet indemnido ,tlob to those en( Injuries guards. The recrgnltlon. or iMvo.peiauoc, ot traueg UDIODB, orders and such other associations as y be organized by the working mi ive their condition and protect tbei 'be enactment ot laws to oompei coipoi to pay their employes weekly, in lawioj i tor the labor of tbe preceding week, and giving mechanics and laborers a nist lien upon the produc'.of tneir labor to tbe extent of their full Tbe aboiiuon of the contract aysum on na- 40DS1, State and muslclpil works. Ths enactment of laws providing for erbltra\ :ors b^ween eaployera and employed, and to iniorce tbe aedaloiis of tbs arbitrators. Tbe prohibition by law of tbe employment of sblldren under fifteen years Of age in woiksbops, mines and factoiiee, To prohibit the blriog out ot convict labor, ^ T hat a graduated income tax be levied. And we demand at tbs bauds of Congress: Tbe establilbment of a nMlonai monetary ers- I, lb which a clrcolatlng medium in necessary mtlty shall iKue direct to the people wicboui totervenaon Of banks; th a t all the nailonai laaue shiU be foil legal tender in paytnent of all i, by IneorporauoB, i lesees to im- iirrigbte. able, public and private; and that the Govern- lentebelllell notot guaranteeuarantee orr recogolze any pn- poratlobs. f foreign ubor uode. n g o recogolze vate banxs, or create any banking oorpoi Taat interest-bearing bonds, bills of credit or notes Shan never be isaned by tbe OovereiDeet that, when nerd anses. toe emergency sbaii ba met by issue ot legal tender, and non-interest ,ring money. 'bat tbe importat oontract be prohib;te ^ h a t In conneci Government sbal safe depcette and tael avirgs ot toe people lb small sumo. That tbe Govenment shall obtain poesei inase, under tne right of eminent don— legnphs, teiepbocee and railroads, and' that bereefter DO charter wUcenas be le^jec to any corporation for conatmcilon or operation ot any means of tranaporting IntelUgeEce, pw- kklDg tbe toregoingdemandeapon the etate and national government, wo will en­ deavor to associate our own labMS: To esubltib ofroperative insUtuUoos such as Will vsfid to supticeae the wage system, by tne I ot s oo-operatlve indmirtai system. TO Bbonen the honrs ot labor by a general re­ fusal to work for mure than eight houre. TO perauade employers to agree to arbitral all (lurerenenoee which may arise between tuei and their emjSoyes. in order that the bonks ( eympstby between them may be strengthene and that strikes may be rendered annecewary. Anyone wishing tbe aervicee of an organiser can secure thesamebyaddreBslbg tbe on xatlon committee, box «7, weet Troy, u . y WHY LABOR 18 ROB'BED. ' Every interest on earth, .excepting labor combines to secnie to Itself as great a share as possible of the products of industry. The railroad and telegraph magnates have their combinatione. The iron, steel, n u l, stove, glass aud cigar manufacturers have their unioDB. So have the beer brewers, distillers, wool growers, grain dealers, flour manufacturets, bankers, butchers, brokers, all have their combinations, and all for one purpose—to keep up prices, or rather profits, in their lines of trade. They all flourish, and most o f them grow wealthy. Skilled labor, too, lias its com­ binations for the same purpese. All these organizations keep a keen eye on legisla. tion. Whenever a law can be made that w'lll benefit one or more ol these combi­ nations specially, they set to work slyly for tlie nomination of legislators who will passsuciia 'aw. When election day comes aud one candidate is in favor of the law, and the cth,-r against it and in favor of the people, the coiubinal lu who will pa,.,, tbe secret OI the p a itv —i: VO the iaw Ir wanU, Thio is tbe secret o i the snreess of the corporations, and one of the reason* why it is unconstitutional to InUiSerc with then;.— I'o'-.-.'io Recoid. AMATEUR CARPENTERS. The following from the Mechanical News can be aptly applied to all trades; It is an excellent thing for any man^ whatever his Imsiuvss in life may be, to acquire a fair degree of mechanical skill and familiarity with tools and machinery- Such knowledge never Comes amiss, even if its possessor is so fortunate as to be under no necessity oi ever using i t as a means of livelihood ; just as a thorough practical acquaintance with the mlnutesj, details of housekeeping is valuable to any woman, though she may be surrounded by luxury all her life and have a servant to wait on her at cveiy turn. But it does not follow, by any manner of means, that an amateur or half trained workman is profitable to liis employer, even at half price or at any price. Ex. perimenia of that kind are oftener made, it would seem, in the various branches of carpenter work than in most other tradess for the reason, probably, that it is easier an d more common to pick u p i n a desul­ tory way a superficial knowledge of ear. pentry than of other callings which do not in fact require so much skill and judgment for their thorougn mastery. To become a good carpenter, capable ofesti- mating a job fairly and performing it honestiy, is a matter not of a few weeks or months, but of years of diligent and coa«nenli«a work, .^ad wttite the tem. ptation is very great, in awarding the con­ tract for a job to give it to the lowest bidder without due regard to the proba­ bility of getting the worth of one's money it is generally found that a single lesson of that kind is sufficient. In a broad sense the rule that “ tbe beet is the cheapest’’ holds good in carpenter work as in nearly everything else- A vigorous protest against the employ, me'at o! what is called “ saw and hatchet carpenters” is made by the Southern Lum - be nnan, which imputes to them not only want of skill but want of honesty as well As an illustration, it mentions a builffing contract which one of that class of car. peuters offered to take for SfiOO, while the matmal alone came to 1570. Some­ body was badly cheated, of course, and probably the lumber dealer, the workmen and tbe owner of the building aU suffered more o r less. Incompbency and frlso pre­ tense in all trades and professions sbonM professions should be steadily disoooraged; and the only wav to put an effectual check upon them is U give the prefererence invariably to the truned workman, who has earned and can rightfuUy wear the title he claim s.

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