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The Independent. (New York, N.Y.) 18??-1928, March 13, 1884, Image 1

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Entered at the Post-office at New York, as Second-class Mail M atter “ E v e n a s w e h a v e b e e n a p p r o v e d o f G o d t o b e in t r u s t e d w i t h t - h e G o s p e l , so w e s p e a k ; n o t a s p l e a s i n g m e n , b u t G o d w h i c h p r o v e t h o u r H e a r t s . ” VOLUM E XXX VI. N E W YORK, TH U R S D A Y , M ARCH 13, 1884. NUM B E R 1841. CVi For Table of Contents, see Page 16. OPTIMISM. BY SUSAN OOOLIDGE. You tell me, w ith a little scorn, A p itying blame in look and touch, Of conscious worldly-wisdom born. T h a t I am hopeful over much ; T h a t all my swans are veriest geese. My c h e erfulness an easy v e n t For anim a l spirits, an d my peace A cheap, contem p tible co n t e n t; T h a t it is shallow to be glad, Idle to hope and vain to tru s t, Because all good is mixed w ith bad, And men are liars, and flesh is d u s t ; T h a t wisdom grim ly prophesies, And sits d istrustful and alert, Peering w ith far, experienced eyes F o r w h a t may cheat a n d w h a t may hurt. I do not know i f you are r i g h t : B u t these I hold as certainties : T h a t God made day as well as n i g h t ; And joy as well as pain is his ; T h a t if philosophy m eans doubt. A n d wisdom boding discontents, Men may do better f a r w ithout T h e se all-divine accom p lishm e n ts ! T h a t souls are stro n g e r to endure The heavy woe* which all m ay taste, Lf, holding to God’s prom ise sure, They w ait his tim e, not m a k ing haste To grieve, anticipating i l l ; How shall they know w h a t sweet, hid thing He k eeps in store for souls who still Follow his heck unquestioning? Joy is the lesson set for some ; F o r others pain best teacher is ; We know n o t which for us shall come ; B u t both are God’s b lest m inistries. The swollen to r r e n t rages high ; The p a th ahead is steep and wet. W h at then? We still are safe and d r y ; We need n o t cross th a t to r r e n t y e t ! Perhaps the waters may subside ; There m ay he paths w h ich sk irt the flood. God h olds our hand. W ith him for guide We need n o t fear ; for h e is good. Meanwhile there is the sun, the sky, And life the joy, a n d Son the r e s t : And, spite of s corn an d pity, I will taste to-day, and tru s t the rest. N e w p o r t , R. I. N INE FROM EIGHT. BY THE LATE SIDNEY LANIER. I w a s d r iv in ’ my two-mule waggin W ith a lot o ’ truck f o r sale, Tow ard Macon, to get some baggin’ (W h ich my cotton was ready to bale), And I come to a place on the side o’ the pike W h a r a p e e rt leetle W inter-branch jest had throw ed The sand in a kind of a s a n d -bar like, A nd I seed, a leetle ways up th e road, A m a n s q u a ttin’ down, likeabigbull-toad, On the ground, a-figgeriu’ there in the sand W ith his finger, and m o tionin’ w ith his hand ; And he looked like Ellick G arry ; And as I driv up, I heerd him bleat To hisself, like a lam b : “ H auh? nine from eight Leaves nu tb in ’, a n d none to c a r r y !” And Ellick’s bull-carfc was s tandin’ A-cross-wise of the way, And the little bull was a-expandin’ H isself on a wisp o f hay. B u t Ellick he s a t w ith his h ead bent down. , A-studyin’ a n d m u s in’ powerfully, And his forrud was creased with a terrible frow n , And he was a -w u rkin’ appearently A ’rethm e tic sum th a t wouldn’t gee ; F u r he kep’ on figgerin’ away in the sand W ith his finger, and m o tionin’ with his h a n d ; And I seed it was Ellick G arry. And a g ’in I heard him softly bleat To hisself, like a lam b : “ H auh? Nine from eight Leaves nu th in ’, and none to carry !” . I woa’d m y mules m ighty easy (Ellick’s back was tow ard the road And the w ind h it was sorter breezy), And I got down off’n my load, And I crep’ u p close to Ellick’s back, And I heerd him a-talkin’ softly, thus : “ Them Aggers is got me un d e r the hack.* I caint see how to git out’n the muss, Except to jest n a t’ally fail and bus’ ! My crap-leen calls for nine hundred and more. My ’counts o f sales is e ight h u n d red a n d four, Of c o tton for Ellick Garry. T liar’s eight, aught, four, je s t like on a slate : H ere’s nine and two aughts—H a u h ! Nine from eight Leaves n u th in ’, and none to carry. “ Them crap-leens, oh ! them crap-leens I I giv one to P a rdm a n and Hharks. H it g obbled me up like snap-beans In a p a tch full o’ old fiel’-larks. B u t I th o u g h t I could fool the crap-leen nice, And I hauled my cotton to Jam m el and Cones. B u t s h u h ! ’fore I even had settled my price They tuck affidavy w ithout no bones, And leveled upon me f u r all th e ir loans To the ’m o u n t of some n ine hundred dollars or more, And sold me out clean for e ig h t hundred and four, As sure as I ’m Ellick G a r r y ! And th a r it is down all s q u a r and s t r a i g h t ; B u t I caint make it gee ; f u r nine from eight Leaves nuthin.’, a n d none to c a r r y !” Then I says : “ Hello, here, G a r r v ! However you s tar’ a n d frow n , T h a r ’s som ethin’ for you to carry, F u r you’ve worked i t upside dow n !” Then he riz a n d walked to his little bull-oart And made like h e neither had seen no r heerd Nor knowed th a t I knowed of his raskilly p a r t ; And he tried to look as if lie wan’t feared, And gathered his lines like he never keered, And he driv down the road ’bout a quarter o r so, And then looked around, and I hollered, “ H e llo ! Look h e re, M ister Ellick G a r r y ! You may git u p soon and lie down late, B u t you’ll always find th a t nine from eight Leaves n u th in ’, and none to carry.” M a c o n , G a ., 1871. GAINS o r THE TEMPERANCE RE­ FORMATION. P R O H I B I T I O N . BY DANIEI. DOKCHESTEK, D.D. 1. T h e prohibitory rer/inu, wherever it has had a fair trial, has proved the most effect­ ive policy for crippling and suppressing the liquor traffic. Several things should be premised. No law of any kind will enforce itself; officers of law, in sympathy with the drink traffic, will at best give only a weak execution of a prohibitory law; and the fact that all liquor selling is not suppressed, in a state which has a prohibitory law, no more * “ U n d e r the hack” is a fam iliar Cracker expression denoting perplexity or trouble. Hack probably is a contraction of hackle. proves that prohibition does not prohibit than the fact that there are illiterate children of school age proves that our edu­ cational system does not educate. No law wholly prevents murder, burglary, etc. It is not expected that any law will wholly stop the sale of liquor, it is both a moral and a legal question. What we claim is that prohibition is the only proper attitude of the state toward the liquor traffic, because a traffic con­ demned by sound political economy as productive of three-fourtlis of the crime, pauperism, and insanity, should not re­ ceive the approval and seal of the state; and that the prohibitory regimen more effectively protects the state against this great evil than any other liquor policy. Grant that there are portions of Maine and other prohibitory states where liquors are sold almost or quite openly, and that there is also considerable clandestine liquor traffic; make a liberal allowance for these things; after all, it is nevertheless true that there is not a tithe of the liquor sold in those prohibitory states as compared with the amount sold in license states. United States Internal Revenue Statistics show the government tax on liquors in Maine to be 4 cents affd fi mills; in Vermont 4 cenTsand 2 mills; in Kansas 8 cents and 9 mills; in Massachusetts $1.16, per capita. These figures do not tell the whole story, but they are one evidence. The prohibitory areas of Maryland, Georgia, Tennessee. Alabama, Arkansas, etc., etc., tell the same, when compared with the license areas of those or other states. I am aware that a different opinion is often expressed. It is claimed that more liquor is drank under prohibition than under license; but this assertion is falsified by the fact every where apparent that the rum-dealers hate prohibition with a deadly hatred, and enjoy the license system--a significant fact. The superior efficiency of prohibition is clearly demonstrated by copious facts in detail in a little book entitled “ Prohibi­ tion Does Prohibit,” by Mr. J. N. Stearns, Corresponding Secretary of the National Temperance Society, and by masses of testimony of the most reliable character, not aggregated in any volume. 2. The principle of prohibition has been vindicated by the highest civil jurispru­ dence. Some provisions of some of the earlier pro­ hibitory laws were set aside by the courts as contrary to sound jurisprudence; but it is a remarkable fact that the principle of pro­ hibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors as a beverage has never been condemned by the courts. In 1847, the Supreme Court of the United States affirmed the right of prohibition, the judges all agreeing. Chief-Justice Taney said: “ 1 see nothing in the Con­ stitution of the United States to prevent it from regulating or restraining the traffic, or from prohibiting it altogether, if it thinks proper.” In this opinion, the five judges agreed. Repeated efforts have been made to secure a different decision, but in vain. 3. The last six years have witnessed the most rapid spread of prohibitory sentiment ever known. Like surging billows, it is felt from Kan­ sas eastward throughout the United States, throughout the British Dominion in North America, all over the British Isles, through all the British Colonies as far as Australia and New Zealand. Either in the form of absolute prohibition, or permissive prohibi­ tion, or statutory or constitutional prohibi­ tion, it is being agitated. It is upon the Anglo Saxon brain, and is mightily work- ing. It has entered politics. It is evidently there to stay until it obtains its just de­ mands. A troublesome intruder, indeed, it is regarded by the politicians; but there seem to be no way to help it, so long as the heart-breaking necessities of society cry out for adequate protection. Unwisdom there doubtless is sometimes in the temper­ ance politicians; but even their unwisdom is better than the vicious temporiziug policy of the sordid politicians. No man who legislates for the good of society can ignore the liquor jHoblem. It is a living question which thrusts itself into the political field. 4. The greatest and best forces of modern society arc gradually and steadily marshaling themselves against the dramshop, and point­ ing to its coming indictment as a nuisance, a reprobate, and an outlaw. We shall not reach this point at once. There wrill he stout and fierce resistance, and delays. But we are advancing toward it. Indiscreet reformers may embarrass the work; politicians may hinder u s ; secretly indulged appetites may weaken the action of some; spasms of timidity may distract ethers; but there are too many great forces at work, direct and indirect, human and divine, to allow the defeat or long postponement of the ultimate result. The indictment has been drawn up. The case is on trial. The index finger of the century points to the coming verdict. The witnesses are testifiying with clearness and emphasis. The great and beneficent agencies of the times all appear against it. Civilization declares there is nothing in the dramshop which society can afford to cher­ ish; medical science, that it sees nothing in it to approve, but much to condemn; political economy, that it finds nothing in it which it can indorse; civil jurisprudence, that it can be vindicated by no just prin­ ciples of law; pure philanthropy, that she cannot tolerate the prolific source of the woes she seeks to palliate; and Christianity proclaims her stern condemnation of the dramshop as “ the giant crime of crimes against humanity.” The coming verdict is that the broad and sacred seal of the com­ monwealth must neither protect nor sanc­ tion the dramshop. N a t i c k , M a s s . WALKING IN THE LIGHT. BY THEODORE L. OUYLER, D.D. A n intrepid man of science wishes to as­ cend the hitherto inaccessible Alpine peak of the Weissliorn. He lies, over night, in one of the clefts of rock on the mountain side; the ascent is too dangerous to be attempted in the darkness. In the early dawn, as soon as the first rays of the com­ ing sun steal up behind tli£ summit of the Alphodel, he is on the move. In that light he sees light. With a clear view of the hazardous pathway before him he weeps across sharp knife-edges of snow and cliff, and up dizzy walls of rock, until he swings his little flag in triumph from the loity peak. In like manner an ancient psalmist and prophet, desiring to know many things hard to be discovered, exclaims: “ O, God, in thy light shall we see light.” The first tiling to be done was to put himself

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