February 14, 1884.] T H E (201) 9 I t is in strong o o n trast to th e bloom ing apple trees and Ju n e m o rnings th a t Mr. C rane has exhibited, and shows him neither to be an artist of one idea nor of one subject. j s m u t i u u KLISHA HARRIS, M.D.. AND HIS SANITARY SERVICE. W it h in a few days sanitary science and art have lost their noblest pioneer and th e ir most devoted and enthusiastic student. Dr. Elisha H a rris was the first to catch the zeal a n d knowl edge of thi3 g reat work and to devote his whole life to its prom o tion. Raised anong the hills of V ermont, and obtaining his education by d int of self-sacrificing perseverance, he com pleted his medical course in New York in 1849. Circum stances early threw him in charge of the sick a r riving at seaboard. I t was as the active a ssistant to physicians in charge of quarantine, th a t he received his first lessons as to the possibilities of preventive medicine. Cholera and yellow fever, and all the p o rtable pestilences were early sub jects of his investigation. In w atching diseases, as they arrived,he soon learned th a t disinfection, isolation and rigid executive inspection could do very m u c h to lim it and control epidemics. As now and then, w ith a few chosen friends and co workers he would go down the Bay and recount the scenes of death and of conflict with disease in which his early years were passed, one could not fail to see the stores of experience he had ac cum u lated while in this service. I t was not u n til the time of our Civil W ar th a t he came prom inently into notice as a sanitary organ izer. He threw his whole energy into various plans for the com fort of the sick and the wounded, and for the care of camps, the guarding of recruits and the preven tion of disease. Those who judged of him by his inaptness for c e rtain kinds of dispatch, and by his unm e thodical way of sometimes hovering about a subject, instead of com ing to the point, little knew his w o n d erful power of organization when alone or when w ith his pen he outlined a plan. Indeed we have know n him in an emer gency, when p u shed to an issue, to show a depth of knowledge and a vigor of action, surprising to those who, b u t a few m inutes before, had re garded him as incoherent a n d inefficient. About the tim e of the close of the W ar, the bad sani tary condition of New York City was a d m itted by m any physicians ; but n o one had taken steps to collect the facts in evidence. To him more th?n any other m an was due th a t systematized and vigorous voluntary inspection, under the auspices of the Citizens’ Association, which created the M etropolitan Board of H e a lth and gave the assurance th a t a system a tic care of the public health would always henceforw a rd be a p a r t of the m u n icipal adm inistration. Care less of pecuniary rew ard, he edited the books which gave the facts and proved the necessity. For several years he was more or less closely identified w ith the work. When in office, either as a health officer or in charge o f the Bureau of Vital Statistics, he was constantly acquaint ing him self w ith all the facts as to progress and as 10 im p roved m e thods of conducting sanitary affairs. He could, in m a n y things, plan and advise better th a n he could execute, and so fur nished the m a terial and the m ethods w h ich de veloped more than half of the present w orking sanitary force into vigor a n d usefulness. When not in office he was ju s t as busy preparing re ports or doing work for those who needed this skilled assistance. All this time h e was engaged in m a tters of p rison and almshouse reform . While his sanitary expertness was thus made available, he extended his researches into the causes of crime and became one of the best authorities as to modes of dealing w ith crim inals. He often deprived him self of the C h ristian com forts of Sabbath worship th a t he m ight look after the deserted and the fallen and do good both to their bodies and their souls. Perceiving how- necessary it was to im prove the physical condi tion of all dependent classes, he magnified the value of sanitary m ethods a n d directed as to the modes of their application. Feeling th a t the country, as well as cities, needed to be reached by sanitary care, he, w ith two or three other friends, projected and outlined the e n tire plan of the American Public H e a lth Association. As its first socretary, his early papers and program s designated the w ork to be done. He called to his aid not only physicians, but m a n y of the leaders in otber professions, and if he could n o t secure their attendance and ad dresses in any other way, paid the expenses from his own m e ager purse. His papers and his reports and his volum inous correspondence, could they be «ollected, would furnish well nigh a library. W hen, as Secretary and afterw a rd P resident of the Association, he sought release from its active a n d laborious work, he did not fail each year to make some valuable co n tr ib u tion in some special line of inquiry. For the next half century, when any epidemic invades th e country, the student and the practitioner will tu r n to his outlines of m ethods and to his historical data as the guide stars for progress. Because he never attem p ted to bring together his work and seemed to care but little for hu m an applause, few even of those who recog nized his leadership knew the am o u n t of work he had accomplished. W hen the State Board of H ealth, of New York, was created, no one else could be thought of as its secretary. W hen, a few m o n ths since, we m e t a leading member of th a t board, he expressed h is surprise a t w h at had been attem p ted and w h a t had been done by its secretary. For a year or more past it has been evident th a t he carried a w eight of care a n d had a zeal for work which was too consum ing. Yet his robust form and his habits of work were such th a t his friends were surprised with the news of his death. New York City, New York State, and the country together owe him such oDiigations as will not be forgotten. The stu dent of to-day, who has any doubt as to his pre-em inence or who desires him self to know muoh of the a rea of sanitary knowledge, can do nothing better than to seek and to read what ever he has p u t in print. W ith no family, and b u t few relatives to m o u rn his loss, there are hundreds of sanitarians and philanthropists, to whom his name will be dear as a father’s. Ours is n o t the tribute of mere adm iration or grati tude ; but we give it because all sanitary labor is dignifled and ennobled by his example and because his life has been both a motive a n d an encouragem e n t to all who, in this line of study and application, are seeking to benefit m a n kind. W a s h ington ilotcs. O ne of the m o st delightful receptions of the season was given on Tuesday evening by Senator a n d Mrs. Sherm a n . In its way nothing could exceed the refinem ent and geniality of the greeting which welcomed the invited guests to this delightful home. One o f itd charm s is that it is never overdone. No effusiveness hints of insincerity. Mrs. Sherm an has been longer in public life th a n alm ost any other senator’s wife. Here in her home, fulfilling perfectly from week to week the social obligations of her high sta tion, she has passed from youth to middle life always the same gentle, genial, intelligent, un obtrusive woman, whom to know best is to love and honor best. No one could have fulfilled the varied and exacting duties of a conspicuous place more unostentatiously or m o re perfectly than she has done. Among her guests on Tues day evening were the French and Chinese m in isters, Mrs. Stanley M atthews, Miss Waite, the daughter of the Chief-Justice, Senator Edm u n d s, Senator W a rner Miller and Mrs. Miller, of New York, m any members of the D iplom atic Corps, m any officers of the Army and Navy, w ith their wives a n d daughters. The P resident’s first public reception, which was held on Tuesday, was n o t crowded. The W h ite House was beautifully decorated with the flowers and plants which are now af forded in such profusion by the conservatories of the executive e s ta b lishm e n t. The President was assisted by h is sister, Mrs. McElrov, and by several of the Cabinet ladies, as they are called. The physical s trength required to stand in one spot for two hours and talk to people passing in a line is considerable, and it is not surprising th a t a lady like Mrs. G resham the wife of the Postm aster-General, should not be able to en dure it. The reception was attended by a large num b e r of the strangers now in the city, who are very num erous, as tho Illinois editors are present in force and a convention of several hundred W estern people interested in the im provem ent of the Missisippi has also been in session. At a W est E n d p arty, the o ther n ight, a young man, who seemed not to have been very strong, became suddenly intoxicated w ith the Russian wine he had been drinking, and fell prostrate on a sofa, thereby disturbing very seriously the peace of m ind not only of the lady who hap pened to be s itting on the sofa, but of the e n tire company. Such a thing is very rare in W ash ington in these days,and it has made a g reat deal of talk. The young m an had to be assisted to leave the house. Representative W ashburn, of M innesota, who occupies the Don Cam eron House on South Circle, entertains in an elegant way, although not to any great extent. At his last dinner party the guests were the B ritish M inister, the French M inister, Gen. and Mrs. Sheridan, Speak er and Mi-s. Carlisle, Senator and Mrs. Gibson, and Representative and Mrs. Hiscock. Senator and Mrs. Logan have exerted themselves a good deal to entertain the Illinois newspaper people, whose good will is naturally very desirable to them . No one knows better than M rs. Logan how to be gracious to her guests, and it is safe to say th a t every possible attention has been paid to them . The prospects of an International copy right law seem to be very bright. Mr. George P. Lathrop, who has been here looking after the m a tter, finds th a t Mr. D o rsheim e r’s bill has a great m any friends in both houses, and will probably become a law at this session. ....M r . Miller, the editor of the New York Tim es , was a guest at a dinner given by the President last Sunday evening to Mr. and Mrs. H oward Carroll. Mr. Carroll has been selected by Simon Cameron to w rite his oomplete b iogra phy. Mr. F rank Millet, the artist, has been here, the guest of Mr. and M rs. H enry Adams. Mr. Millet h as been given some duties in connec tion w ith the collections of costum e a t the Na tional Museum. Representative Stewart, of Vermont, who is a guest of Senator Edm u n d s, h as h is daughter with him for a short time. H e r m o ther is an in valid, and rem ains at their home in New York. Hon. John B. Alley, has ju s t invested 8700,000 in Mr. Stephen A. Dorsey’s New Mex ico cattle ranch. Senator D o n Cameron and his wife are now in Italy, and the Senator is in good health. r b b l r s s i . Who killed the greatest num b e r of chickens? H am let’s uncle did “ m u rder most foul.” ....W h e n you see a counterfeit coin on the sidewalk always pick il up. You are liable to arrest if y ou try to pass it. Shell-fish are said to be dying out on the English coast. Probably from starvation. It is known th a t B ritish oysters pawn th e ir young. “ I h e a r , ” said Mrs. Fishwhacker, “ that Mr. Willow’s son took the diploma at Yale last year. I always said Yale was an awful un healthy c i t y !” Somo of the New York papers are advising the w earing of silk robes by the judges when sit ting on the bench—evidently forgetting that silk cannot be satin. ....P a t : “ And who is it lives there, Mike, in the big stone house?” Mike: “ Why, that old gintlem an I was tellin’ ye of th a t died so suddent last W inter of a f a v e r.” The following is a literal transcript of a sign on a Pennsylvania village store. “ Tea and Taters, Sugar and Shingles, Brickdust and Lasses, Whisky, T a r and other D rugs.” The hym n beginning “ The consecrated cross I ’d bear” had ju s t been sung, and in the m o m entary quiet th a t followed the perplexed youth turned to his fath e r : “ Say, Pa, w h ere do they keep the consecrated cross-eyed bear?” . . . .A German, w riting in one of the Berlin papers of his cam p aigns, makes the following rem arkable statem e n t: “ I n this battle we lost the brave Captain Schule. A cannon-ball took off his head. His last words were, * B u ry me on the spot w h ere I fell.’ ” “ I say, old fellow, y o u can do me a great kindness.” “ Well, w h a t is it?” “ I am 850 short this m o rning, and if you can lend me th a t am o u n t y ou will place me under a lasting obli gation.” “ H ’m, yes ; lasting obligation, quite likely. Good m o rning.” A Sunday-school teacher being anxious to test the m e n tal powers of h is not o ver-intelligent pupils, asked them to tell him th e ir idea of to morrow, after giving tho subject a week’s thought. On the following Sunday he p u t the question to one of the scholars, who prom p tly rep lied : “ To-m o rrow was cast into the oven.” .... At a hotel table sat Bridget bride and bridegroom Pat While a city dweller, he Helped himself to celery. Bridget’s eyes with wonder g rew ; “ Paddy,” whispered she, “ luk you At ttiat baste across the way Atiu’ up that swate bookay.” ....A country clergyman who recently preached in an A u stin church is an adm irer of the w ritings of Charles Dickens, and quotes from his novels alm o st as often as he does trom the Bible. He surprised his congregation by winding up a gorgeous peroration w ith : “ I t in thus, you see, my brethren, as the Scriptures say : •Barkis fs willin’, but the flesh is weak.’ ” . . . . Corporal (instructing com p any): “ I f you capture a m an while on duty, you should pen him in the sentry-box. Now, Private W achhu- ber, w h a t would you do if the prisoner would n o t go in?” Wachhuber (w ith a self-satisfied smile): “ Oh ! b u t h e would go in .” Corporal: “ Yes ; but if he would n o t go in ; what then?” Wachhuber: “ Why, tho sentry-box would have to be e n larged.” . . . . “ P a p a ,” said a little boy at breakfast, “ yesterday, at school, tho teacher read some thing from a book called ‘The A u tocrat a t the Breakfast Table.’ W h at does th a t m e a n ? ” “ You a re rather too young yet, my son,” re plied the old man, as he helped him self to the top buckw h eat cake a n d sm othered it with the cream intended for his wife’s coffee, “ to under stand such m a tters.” f n g t e t c r . B A P T I S T . FOWLKE, F. G. W., ord., in Zion ch., New York City. HCJSTON, G., H a rlansburg, called to M anayunk, Penn. JUTTEN, D avid B., D.D., New York City, called to South ch., South Boston, Mass. RICHMOND, W. C., Providence, R. I., accepts call to Charles River ch., Cam b ridge, Mass. STONE, J am e s R ., D .D ., died recently in Lans ing, Mich. WALSH, A. S t e w a r t , D.D., W est T h irty-third S treet ch,, New York City, closes his labors. C O N G R E G A T I O N A L . BACHELER, F. E. M., closes labor at Wood- stock, Conn., in M arch. BROBST, F. J., Chicago, called to Sycamore, 111 . COLTON, T. G., H u d son, M ich., accepts call to Rootstown and Randolph, O. DAVIS, D a v id F ., Janesville, Wis., resigns on account of ill h ealth. DICKINSON, G e o r g e L., Roodhouse, called to A tkinson, 111. EDWARDS, G eo r g e L., M iddletown, accepts call to M arlboro’, Conn. ELDER, H u gh , Crombie St. ch.. Salem, Mass., called to Airedale College ch., B rantford, Yorkshire, Eng. GRAY, M. S., Farwell, Mich., w ithdraws his resignation. HARRIS, M il u s , ord. in Tecumseh, Ala. HAWES, E d w ard , New Haven, Conn., resigns. HOLMES, H enry M., will supply at Orleans, Mass. HUNTER, G. F., Chicago Seminary, invited to E lkhorn, Wis., for one year. LAWRENCE, E. A., inst. in Plym o u th ch., Syra cuse, N. Y. MAGILL, T hom as , inst. a t Montesamo, W. T. M E R R ILL, W. C., of Pacific Sem inary, called to Sacram ento, Cal. MORSS, G e o r g e H., Clarendon, Vt., invited to become pastor of a new c h u rch to be form ed at W illiamsvilie, Conn. MURKLAND, C h a r l e s S., accep ts call to Third ch ., C h icopee, Mass. ROWLEY, L. T., Salem, accepts call to D anville la. TIBBETS, D. D., Cromwell, la., resigns. WOOD, S am uel , of Astoria, O r., w ithdraws his resignation. WRIGHT, C hauncey D., w ill b e c o m e Bebtled pas tor at Siloam Springs, Ark. L U T H E R A N . DOUGLAS, A. J ., Columbia City, accepts call to Monroeville, Ind. FEID L E R , R., accepts call to Fredericksburg, Texas. McKNiGHT, H. W., D.D., C incinnati, O., called to H agerstow n , Md. METZGER, J ohn A., inst. in W est M anheim, Penn. POIILE, E. H., N o rristow n , called to St. P e ter’s^ West Philadelphia, Penn. WEBER, A., inst. in Toledo, O. WILES, II. L., D.D., accepts call to Mansfield, O. P R E S B Y T E R I A N . BATES, A. H., removes to Lake M aitland, Fla. BLAKE, H enry A.. Providence, R. I., accepts call to Sag H a rbor, N. Y. BOARDMAN, S. G., P o r t Penn., Del., resigns. BUCHANAN, W a l t e r D., ord. in New York City. CAMERON, J. B., removes to Cleveland, O. DICKINSON, W m . C., D .D., called to College ilu l, O. FER R IER, E., D.D., M auch Chunk, Penn., re signs. HEM STREET, O., called to West E n d ch., Al bany, N. Y. HENCH, T homas H ., accepts call to Conners- ville, Ind. JACKE, A. D., removes to Stanley, Kan. KERR, J o s e p h It., D .D., called to Oxford ch., Philaueipiiia, Penn. LEA, B. H ., removes to Silvan Springs, Neb. MAi'TICE, R ich ard B., accepts call to Ionia, Mich. MAY, M ontgomery , G reenup, Ky., resigns. M’DONNALL, J o s e p h B., died recently in A n chorage, Ky. McHATTAN, J o s e p h , accepts call to K entland, Ind. McLEOD, J o hn , Southw estern ch.,Philadelphia, P e n n ., resigns. M EEKER, B. C., Tam asua, Penn., resigns. MOMENT, A l f r e d H., Old Spring S treet ch., accepts call to new church in E a st Seventy- seventh Street, N. Y. MINOR, D a v i d B., ord. and inst. in Hillsdale, N. Y. NIVEN, D uncan C., M arlborough, N. Y., re signs. PAIGE, W. N., D.D., Leavenw o rth, Kan., called t<> Torre H aute, Ind. PARSONS, B e n j a m in , will supply W indham , N. Y. PERRING, J. D., accepts call to Parishville,N.Y. PRYSE, J . M., Blue Springs, Neb., resigns to go to Wales. SHANKS, J. D., inst. in T r inity ch., Phila delphia, Penn. STRATTON, W il l ia m O., died recently in W ar ren, O. STREET, D avid , Van W ert, 0 ., resigns, to take effect in April. WHITING, L yman , D .D ., called to D eer Park, Md. WORSHAM, J . V., rem o v e s to S e v e n ty-six, Ky. WYCKOFF, G a r r e t t , New Brunswick Theo. Sem., called to Freedom Plains, N. Y.